The content of parrot fish
Red parrots are cichlids, but cichlids are unusual. They have all the positive qualities of tsikhlovykh - intelligence, interesting behavior, bright appearance, but lacks the disadvantages peculiar to cichlids - aggressiveness, sullen appearance and increased demands on the conditions of detention. Here we will talk about how parrots appeared and what they require care.
These fish look like cartoon characters - bright color, unusual body shape, sweet, cheeky face with a completely non-fishy expression. You look at them and think: this is what a miracle nature has created! But the miracle in this case was created not by nature, but by the efforts of Asian breeders who obtained this hybrid by crossing two or three types of tsihlaz.
The exact number and names of the parent species are unknown, because they are a jealously guarded commercial secret. Various aquarists have and there is evidence that someone allegedly even managed to repeat this crossing and get red parrots, but all of the representatives of these fish, sold in our pet stores and bird markets, are imported from South-East Asia.
Varieties of the shape and color of red parrots
The main color of these fish - monochromatic bright orange or red. It may fade with time, but in this case, to restore it, it is enough to add carotene-rich food to the fish ration (we will tell about this in more detail in the corresponding section of the article). Less common albino fish or lemon-yellow color.All other various colors - crimson, purple, blue, blue, green - obtained by artificially chemical staining of fish, they are unstable, besides fish subjected to this procedure, lose their immunity and are more susceptible to diseases. What can we say about tattooed fish, on the bodies of which different patterns are drawn with special injections? You should not buy such fish in any case, since many of them become infected during coloring and then die rather quickly. In addition, the demand for such animals creates supply and provokes their producers to disfigure and cripple all new batches of fish.
In addition to monochromatic colors, there are natural spotted - marble and panda (white with black spots), as well as a colorful diamond or pearl, obtained by crossing red parrots with another type of cychlase. Sometimes black spots unexpectedly appear in monochromatic fish. As a rule, this is a reaction to stress, and after the disturbance factor is removed, the color is restored.
In addition to coloring, red parrots differ in the shape of their bodies and fins. Here are the following varieties:
- in love with a heart - without a tail fin, the body is shaped like a Valentine;
- unicorn - with an outgrowth at the base of the head;
- King Kong - heavily weighted fish with fatty growth on the forehead;
- red fortune - with elongated upper and ventral fins and a very large outgrowth on the forehead;
- red bar - with a nearly disk-shaped body.
In a word, working with red parrots, breeders did not limit the flight of their imagination. Such a rich set of deformities, seemingly cute to a person, except for the parrots, except goldfish.
Behavior and Compatibility
Watching the red parrots, sometimes you begin to doubt that their ancestors were only fish, and there were not, for example, dogs. These creatures recognize their masters and happily meet them from work, beg for food and liven up if they see that the owner has opened the fridge to get them food. And how do they care for partners and scare rivals, build nests and take care of caviar! It is simply impossible to break away from the aquarium.
If we ignore the enthusiastic lyrics, then it should be noted that the red parrots are not very active and fast due to the structure of their body, are quite peaceful and livable, but nevertheless show territoriality from time to time. Therefore, it is better to keep the parrots either in pairs (male and female), or in groups of at least 5-6 individuals, so that the dominant pair does not terrorize the rest of the fish, and be sure to equip shelters.
If a novice enters an aquarium with an established group of fish, it is better to place it on the first day in water in a special plexiglass jar so that the old-timers cannot offend it and at the same time get used to it. Another option is to temporarily limit for a new fish a part of the aquarium with a wall with holes, this will also save it from the attack of other fish and allow it to master a part of the territory.
Another characteristic of red parrots is their fearfulness. Once in the new aquarium, they can shy and hide for two or three months. In some cases, the presence of not too large active neighbors helps - seeing that other fish swim and feed calmly, parrots also become bolder.
Parrots can share an aquarium with most fish, the main thing is that the neighbors are not too small and do not fit in their mouths.
Aquarium equipment and water parameters
Like many hybrids, the red parrots manifest such a phenomenon as heterosis - an increase in viability compared with the parent species. Due to this, parrots have excellent health and immunity, tolerate some deviations from optimal conditions of maintenance, so they can be recommended to beginner aquarists.The main requirement for the maintenance of red parrots - a spacious aquarium of 150 liters per pair. Since the red parrot is a large, corpulent fish (usually 10-15 cm in size, but can grow up to 25 cm), it is also very voracious, in smaller aquariums the concentration of fish waste in the water will be too high, which can lead to poisoning. In addition, the fish will not have enough space for swimming, and for aquarium fish movement is life. Although parrots are considered to be strong and tenacious, in a thirty-liter aquarium a pair of such fish will not last long, despite all the assurances of illiterate or dishonest sellers.
- temperature 26-28 ° C;
- stiffness - optimal 5-7 °, allowable 2-25 °;
- pH 6.5-7.5;
- the content of nitrogen compounds is ammonia / ammonium - 0, nitrites - 0, nitrates - no more than 30 mg / l.
In an aquarium, powerful filtration and aeration are required.
Lighting parrots prefer moderate, from 0.25 to 0.5 watts per liter, the most advantageous color looks by the light of the lamps of the red spectrum.
The size of the soil fraction does not matter much; the main thing is that the particles do not have sharp edges and cannot injure the fish.
Live plants are very desirable. Red parrots, unlike other tsikhlovyh, plants usually do not spoil, but to plant the latter is better along the back and side walls of the aquarium, so as not to take up space for swimming. In addition, during the spawning period, fish actively dig nests in the ground, and all the plants that hinder them ruthlessly dig up. But since the pits are usually made in the same places, the plants can simply be transplanted to another part of the aquarium, where they will be safe and sound.These may be shards, grottoes and coconut shell halves, but it is best to place several long, curved snags in the water closer to the back wall of the aquarium and interlace them with each other in the form of a maze, thus creating a whole system of walkways and caves where you can to hide.
One of the cute deformities of the red parrot is a very small mouth that opens only vertically at a small angle. Some sources indicate that because of the structure of the mouth, a parrot is doomed to starvation if it does not receive special small pellets produced as feed specifically for this species. Such a statement seems somewhat exaggerated. I have never met a red parrot, dying of hunger due to the absence of these pellets. Moreover, feeding only dry food is harmful to them just like any other fish, although as part of the diet, specialized food Red Parrot is very desirable.
Red parrots - rare gluttons who eat almost any dry food with pleasure (for example, they are repeatedly seen for stealing slightly soaked catfish flakes), like chopped fish and shrimp, live or frozen bloodworm, chopped vegetable food - peas, zucchini, red pepper . The latter, like red fish and shrimps, contains a large amount of carotenoids, which enhance the brightness of the color of these fish. Therefore, such products must be present in the diet necessarily.
They feed red parrots once or twice a day in small portions. In the evening, you need to feed well before turning off the light in the aquarium, while it is necessary to ensure that everything is eaten, otherwise in the morning the fish may finish off yesterday’s already spoiled food and get poisoned. Once a week, a fasting day is arranged.
Because of their hybrid origin, the males of this species are sterile and cannot fertilize the eggs, respectively, the reproduction of red parrots is impossible. But despite this, they form pairs, arrange marriage games, build nests, lay eggs, and heavily protect them, fanning them with fins. After a few days, all the caviar turns white and eaten by the parents.
Sometimes females of red parrots form pairs with males of other species of cichlids (for example, a diamond cichlid), and in some cases they manage to get quite viable offspring, which, however, does not look like parrots.
Diseases of red parrots
As mentioned above, due to heterosis, red parrots have excellent health and strong immunity and do not get sick in good conditions, and when they become ill, they can be treated successfully.
They most often have the following diseases:
- Ichthyophthyriosis (semolina). This is generally one of the most common diseases of aquarium fish, caused by ciliates. The body and fins of a diseased fish are covered with white tubercles the size of a semolina. It must be said that the red parrots that came from Asia and have not been quarantined sometimes have a tropical, fulminant form of this disease, from which fish die literally within a few hours, so treatment should begin immediately after the symptoms are detected.
- Hexamitosis. Called flagellates, affecting the intestines of fish. Symptoms are whitish mucous excrement, refusal to feed or spit it, and then the appearance of small fossae-ulcers on the fish's head.
A common problem is also the poisoning of red parrots with nitrogen compounds, usually ammonia, due to improper start-up of the aquarium or too high density of fish landing. At the same time, the fins of the fish redden or blacken and get a shredded look, the fish begin to choke, therefore they keep in the filter stream or at the surface of the water with the gills sticking out of the gills. To help them in this case, you can frequent (several times a day) water changes. Hydrogen peroxide, potassium permanganate, methylene blue or specialized aquarium preparations such as antiammonia are added between water changes.
These problems and diseases will bypass your parrots, if they are kept by all the rules that are not so complicated. In a large, well-equipped and neglected aquarium with clean water, these fish have a bird's name, a cartoon-like appearance and dog habits for a long time - and parrots live to 10 years! - they will bring you only joy.
Video story about the content of parrot fish:
Parrot fish: beautiful and unpretentious fish
Wanting to have their own aquarium, many users pay attention to the bright and beautiful inhabitants of the water - these are parrots. Incredibly, individuals were bred only a little more than 20 years ago in Taiwan, and today they are considered to be one of the most popular and unpretentious pets.
Parrot fish: what they are
Before you get new inhabitants of the aquarium, you need to understand their types, types, characteristics of the content and other nuances. Certainly, the parrot is one of the best representatives of the water home world. This is a unique pet with a bright color, lively character and very funny manners. It is noteworthy that for the breeding of the species, it took breeders several years and cross-breeding of fish from the order of South American type cichlids. It was from them that the "sea elf" got the color brightness and the funny characteristic "beak."
In the family of parrot fish, 10 genera and more than 100 species are distinguished. But only some of them are known and more common:
- Red parrot The individual grows up to 25 cm, the color is predominantly red in combination with yellow, a distinctive feature is the beak, sometimes supplemented with sharp incisors and canines protruding to the outside. It is important that this fish changes its color several times as it matures. Natural loneliness in coral reefs does not affect good neighborly relations in the aquarium. By the way, it is the red parrot that is the most favorite inhabitant of beginning aquarists and the photos of fish can often be seen on sites. The pet's nighttime rest is especially interesting - the fish at night creates itself a cocoon in the form of a cover made of mucus and prefers to sleep protected from all external influences.
- Scar. Small representatives of the species, growing to 19 cm and having more than 50 species. The most famous are: dark, striped-bruised, Red Sea and guacamayia. The natural habitat is a coral reef, where fish feed on mollusks and some species of coral. But do not worry, aquarium parrots - Skara well belong to a variety of traditional food.
- The green shish-thorn is an amazing representative of the fish family. To begin with, this “Petrovsky grenadier” grows to 100 cm or more, and the weight is also considerable - from 40 kg, such photos are often found on websites. But this all refers to the natural existence, aquarium representatives are much smaller, although here it will look like a "gulliver" among all the other inhabitants. And do not forget that any quarrel of a green parrot with another pet can end in tears: using your forehead as a ram, the companion literally knocks the enemy "off his feet", very skillfully attacking.
Of course, there is a parrot fish of other colors and colors: red, pearl, with a purple hue. Also there are representatives with various types of beaks. And if you had the idea to start a couple of persons in your tank, you should think about the nature of other inhabitants, so as not to create unnecessary problems.
Character traits: who do parrots live with?
Immediately, we note that these scaly friends are distinguished by tranquility and peacefulness. But there are some points in the content of individuals necessary to create a normal environment for other pets.
- Nimble or calm fish that like to rake ground and disdain vegetation are the best friends of aquarium parrots.
- Angelfish - a problem may arise with them. A red parrot or another species mercilessly plucks algae where the scalar loves to hide. And after eating the twigs, the individual can pay attention to the neighbor herself, who is unlikely to enjoy the snooty nature of the "sea elf". Although in life there are examples of the normal coexistence of all types of fish, however, the aquarium should be at least 200 liters.
- Small fish - the subject of special "adoration." The parrot fish will definitely try the little one on a tooth, without even noticing this fact. Therefore, if your friends are scaly friends less than 5 cm long, you do not need to tempt fate, get two aquariums.
Playful disposition, great mobility, a tendency to attack, intelligence and cunning - all this is aquarium parrot fish. Want to settle a couple at home, take care of a spacious aquarium, at least 180-200 liters. The natural conditions of pets are in the coral reefs, so the pump is an indispensable element of an artificial "lake", without which your "sea elves" will not be able to eat and feel normal.
Optimum temperature + 22-26 C, hardness not more than 7.5 pH. A prerequisite is the saturation of water with oxygen. Constant aeration is necessary; parrot fish can only live in running water. Replacing at least half the volume of the aquarium once a week is law. And cover the aquarium with a net, as from a small vessel your fish can easily jump out.
The maintenance of the fish does not require a special design of the aquarium, parrots are very unpretentious to the presence of special plants and other nuances. But the soil and small stones at the bottom should be, pets love poking around in their beaks, tearing bottom sediments. It is also important to remember that a parrot fish, and especially a red parrot, is distinguished by an irrepressible love for building nests. Looking at the photo, you will see how the night cocoons look, which then surely will appear in your aquarium.
So the rules to consider are:
- It is not necessary to combine in a single vessel the fish that use shelters;
- Медленные представители видов будут подвергаться постоянным атакам со стороны "морского эльфа";
- Слой гальки толщиной до 5 см, густорастущие водоросли, каменные или кокосовые пещерки - обязательный элемент наполнения;
- Регулярная смена воды, наполнение воздухом, чистка аквариума, вот что требует красный попугай или любой другой представитель данного вида.
If the maintenance of pets requires some effort, then eating a red parrot is completely unpretentious, like pearl, scara, and other species. Feeding occurs several times a day in small portions. Believe me, in a few days your companions will begin to swim up to the edge of the aquarium as soon as you arrive with food in your hands. What to give? Yes anything: bloodworms, granules, bread, herbal supplements, vegetables. These water dwellers are excellent in the menu of dry and live food.
With a properly formulated diet, good care and the implementation of all necessary procedures, the inhabitants of the southern waters will live with you for up to 10 years. And they will give incomparable pleasure from communication and observation of these lively and clever representatives of sea fish.
Get to know the fish closer:
Wonderful aquarium bird
The parrot fish is a species of fish from the cichlidae group of perciformes, which belongs to the aquarium hybrids, artificially derived. The aquarium parrot fish went through a series of crosses, and in 1991, after a long research process, the species red parrot was bred. These interesting cichlids conquer the hearts of aquarists with insane speed and enjoy wide popularity due to their interesting appearance and habits. Simple care, peaceful nature and good compatibility with many fish give them a great advantage over other cichlids.
Parrots have an oblong and high body, compressed on the sides. The most popular species of aquarium parrots is red parrot. A dark streak runs along his body. The fins on the abdomen are colored bright red and the back is dark. Parrot fishes have one anatomical feature, which often leads to their death. Fish have a head that resembles a beak in structure, which causes difficulties with the process of eating food. Their small mouth also opens vertically at a low angle. Often, parrots die from starvation.
Parrot females are distinguished by their smaller size, but greater body weight, as well as by a different structure of the fins. The dorsal fin is highlighted by a golden frame and has several spots on the tip, while the caudal fin is chopped off and also has spots. Aquarium parrots can reach sizes in captivity up to 15 cm. And how much these fish live in an aquarium depends directly on their living conditions. Parrots usually live for up to 10 years if they are properly cared for. The red parrot can recognize the owner and show it with its twisting movements on the front wall. In addition to the red parrot fish are also in other colors, there are orange, yellow, purple, green parrots.
Parrot aquarium fish are playful and inquisitive in nature, lively and live happily with their relatives. To provide them with comfortable conditions, you need a large and spacious aquarium of 200 liters with a top lid so that the fish do not jump out of it. A filter simulating the flow is highly recommended in the tank, since in nature cichlids live in running water. The main water parameters: temperature 22-26 ° C, hardness 6-7.5 °, acidity 6. Parrot fish will also need powerful aeration, since the water must be rich in oxygen. A third of the volume of water should be replaced regularly. Dirty water can lead to the appearance of the disease in the form of the appearance of dark spots on their body.
The red parrot is not picky about the presence of live vegetation in an aquarium, but likes to build nests on its own, digging holes and thereby changing the bottom landscape. Lighting should be diffused, the soil in the form of small or medium pebbles. Proper maintenance of parrots should mainly involve a sufficient number of shelters for all the fish.
The red parrot is not capricious in the diet, loves to eat live food in the form of moth and small dry food. In order to avoid fading, the scales of the parrot must be fed with a special food containing carotene, which contributes to the acquisition of a reddish color to maintain the brightness of the color of the body of the fish. Feed the parrots should be several times a day in small doses and supplement their diet with herbal supplements, vegetables and bread. But do not overdo it with overfeeding these voracious fish, so as not to pollute the water. The remains of food can rot, and the fish will eat it anyway, which will lead to fish disease.
Reproduction in the aquarium conditions of parrots has not yet been crowned with success, no matter how favorable the parameters are created or how experienced aquarists try. The males of parrots are sterile and unable to reproduce offspring. However, it is enough for the fish to change the water parameters a little so that they instinctively begin to prepare their breeding by starting the construction of nests. Aquarium fish pits in the ground and change the surface of the aquarium bottom.
It is very interesting to observe the process of nuptial games of parrots, after which sometimes females can lay eggs, which will remain unfertilized. However, some specialized firms engaged in breeding these fish say that the hatched fry are gray-black in color and become colored by 5 months. At the moment, Western aquarists are fighting to stop the reproduction of these fish by artificial means.
Aquatic parrots have a peaceful nature and have good compatibility with many fish. The red parrot used to stay in the lower layer of water, so it is best to pick up its neighbors fish swimming in the upper level of the aquarium to avoid conflicts. Especially it concerns the period of their spawning, when males start to show excessive aggression.
However, it is better to sit in the neighbors not quite small fish such as neon and gracilis, which they can accidentally swallow despite their small mouth. It is not recommended to move the slow moving fish. The red parrot has optimum compatibility with large catfish, arvanoy, medium-sized cichlids, labo, black knife fish, large barbs and haracin.
Diseases caused by external infections are not as dangerous for parrots as their own, which are not so easy to diagnose and treat. Dark spots on the body may indicate poor water quality, after which you need to replace the water and siphonit soil. If the red parrot lies on the bottom or swims poorly, it is a sign of poisoning or overeating. Usually, these diseases are provoked by the fact that the fish do not eat the food immediately, but can be taken over almost a day later, as a result of which poisoning occurs. These diseases are treated by jigging fish into a separate aquarium with high-quality aeration and dissolve metronidazole and methylene blue in water.
The appearance of white spots and grains on this cichlid's body indicates the onset of the disease ichthyophthyriosis, which is treated with a special medicine and at the same time changes the water to clean and increases its temperature not higher than 28 ° C.
Parrot fish can perfectly decorate any aquarium, giving the owner great pleasure with his amusing behavior and curiosity. They do not need painstaking care, it is enough to observe proper feeding and ensure the correct composition of water. Small fish live together with other peaceful neighbors and do not cause their extraordinary trouble in the aquarium.
Red Three Hybrid Parrot - A Child of Human Hands
The red parrot (born blood parrot cichlid) is an unusual aquarium fish that is bred artificially and is not found in nature. It is characterized by a barrel-shaped body, large lips folding into a triangular mouth and a bright, uniform color. In English-speaking countries, it is called Red Parrot Cichlid, we still have a three-hybrid parrot.
Do not confuse it with another cichlid, a small and bright fish, Pelvicachromis pulcher (Pelvicachromis pulcher), which is also called the parrot.
Cichlids do not differ intelligibility in partners, and create pairs with similar ones, and with other types of cichlids. This feature made it possible to get a lot of hybrids from different species of fish. Not all of them are successful, some do not shine with color, others after such crossing become fruitless themselves. But there are exceptions ...
One of the most famous and popular fish in an aquarium is a three-fold parrot, the fruit of artificial crossing. The horn flower is also a child of the genetics and perseverance of Malaysian aquarists. It is unclear from what cichlids this fish came out, then apparently a mixture of cichlids from Central and South America.
Red fish parrot aquarium will be a wonderful acquisition for lovers of large, visible fish. They are shy, and should not be kept with large, aggressive cichlids. They love aquariums with a lot of shelters, rocks, pots, which retire in fright.
Habitat in nature
The red parrot (Red Parrot Cichlid) is not found in nature, it is the fruit of genetics and aquarist experiments. Their homeland in Taiwan, where they were bred in 1964, is not without the cichlazoma of severum and cichlasoma labiatum.
Although it’s worthwhile to display such hybrids (and there is still a flower horn), there is still controversy, animal lovers are concerned that they have flaws with respect to other fish. The fish has a small mouth, a strange shape. This affects the food, in addition, it is difficult for him to resist fish with a large mouth. Spinal deformities, and swim bladder, affect the ability to swim. Of course, such hybrids are not able to survive in nature, only in an aquarium.
The red parrot has a round, barrel-shaped body. At the same time, the fish is about 20 cm in size. According to various sources, life expectancy is more than 10 years. Surely we can say that they live for a long time, more than 7 years, since he himself was a witness. Would have lived longer, but died from the disease.
He has a small mouth and small fins. The unusual shape of the body is caused by deformations in the spine, which led to a change in the swim bladder and, like a swimmer, the red parrot is not strong and even clumsy. And they are sometimes removed tail fin, because of what the fish resembles a heart, and is called a parrot heart. As you understand, grace does not add to them.
The color is often uniform - red, orange, yellow. But since the fish are artificially bred, they are doing what they want with it. Draw on it hearts, stripes, symbols. Yes, in the literal sense they paint on them, that is, they apply paint with the help of chemical agents. Classic aquarists it jars, but once people buy, then it will do. Actively fed with dyes and the fry is bright, noticeable, sold. Only after a while he turns pale, changes color and disappoints the owner. Well, various hybrids, color variations, albinos, and more.
Difficulty in content
The red parrot fish is unpretentious and suitable for beginners. Because of their mouth shape, they have difficulty with certain feeds, but special foods are available that float first and then slowly sink to the bottom. After feeding there is a lot of waste, so get ready for cleaning in the aquarium.
How to feed red parrots? They eat any food: live, frozen, artificial, but because of the shape of the mouth, not all food is convenient for them to pick up. Prefer sinking granules, floating granules. Most owners call bloodworms and artemia as favorite foods, but familiar aquarists fed only artificial, and quite successfully. It is preferable to give artificial foods that enhance the color of the fish. They are suitable for all large feed, from shrimp and mussels to worm.
Content in an aquarium
The aquarium for the red parrot should be spacious (from 200 liters or more) and with plenty of shelter, as the fish is shy. The first time you will not see her, as soon as someone enters the room, they instantly hide in accessible shelters. In my practice, the addiction took about a year of time, after which the parrots stopped hiding. Do not put shelter is also not an option, as this will lead to constant stress and illness of fish.
So you need pots, castles, caves, coconuts and other shelters. Like all cichlids, red parrots love to dig in the ground, so choose a not too large fraction. Accordingly, an external filter is needed, as well as weekly water changes, about 20% of the volume of the aquarium.
As the parameters of the content of red parrots are very unpretentious, the water temperature is 24-27C, acidity around pH7, hardness 2-25 dGH.
Compatible with other fish
Who gets along with? It must be remembered that this is though timid, but still cichlid, and not small. So all the small fish she perceives as food. Keep it with the same size fish, and if it is cichlids, it is not aggressive - cichlasm meek, Nicaraguan tsikhlazoy, akara bluish-spotted, scalar. However, in my practice, they got along with the horn flower, but then, as luck would have it, they may well score parrots. Tetras are also suitable: mettinis, congo, tetragonopterus and carp: barb denison, Sumatran barb, curvy barb.
The female from the male in the red parrot can be distinguished only during spawning.
Although red fish parrots regularly lay eggs in the aquarium, but mostly it is barren. Sometimes, there are successful cases of reproduction, but most often with other, excellent fish, and even then, children get colorless, ugly ... Like other cichlids, they look after caviar very earnestly, but gradually caviar turns white, becomes covered by fungus and parents eat it. All the fish that we sell is imported from Asia.
Parrot Fish - Maintenance and Care
At this time, these cute creatures from the family of cichlids are the favorites of many aquarists. Feathered parrot, this fish resembles with its amazing bright color. The most common are red parrots, Roloff parrots, netted parrots, yellow-bellied pelmatochromis. By the way, in the wild nature of crane fish, parrots with a hump do not exist - it is an artificial product of hybridization. Wider this topic will not be able to illuminate, because the manufacturers carefully protect the secrets of the appearance of their pets. Although this parrot fish mates and spawns, it almost never gives full offspring, being sterile.
Conditions of the maintenance of aquarium fish parrot
These creatures love to frolic and the size of their home should not be less than 200 liters. Some of them may try to jump out, so cover the container with a lid. Wild cichlids live in running water, so the pump in the aquarium is required. The alkalinity of the liquid should be between 6.5 and 7.5 pH, and its temperature should be close to 22-26 °. It is necessary to arrange a filtration system and replace up to 30% of water a couple of times a week.
The soil in such an aquarium consists of pebbles of small and medium fraction. Parrots adore snags, caves and algae. They like to choose these secluded places for spawning. Parrot aquarium fish can not get along with everyone, they are best compatible with the inhabitants of the upper layers of water. They themselves float down and in the middle part of the aquarium. It must be remembered that cichlids are able to swallow small fish. The best neighbors for them are Labo, arovan, soma, haracins, apteronotus (black knife).
How to feed parrot fish?
Keeping and care of a parrot fish is not a difficult task. They eat both live food and non-living food. You can use flaky products and tablets that settle to the bottom. Live food is fish, shrimp or worms that can diversify a good diet. If you want to have beautiful bright color parrots, then buy food that is saturated with carotene.
Pelvicahromis - the most beautiful of cichlids
Pelvicahromis pulchera (lat. Pelvicachromis pulcher) is one of the most beautiful fish of the Cichlow family. Other names: parrot and kribensis. Fish farming has been available in domestic nurseries for more than a century. In a spacious aquarium, you can simultaneously hold several pairs of fish, they rarely conflict with each other. To the parameters of the water is not very whimsical.
They love the bottom of the aquarium. It is pleasant to watch when young parents, male and female take care of the fry, which unconditionally obey any signal of the parent. They can instantly hide from fear in any shelters.
Pelvicahromis pulkher, or common parrot cichlid, was described as early as the beginning of the twentieth century - in 1901, and it got to Europe only after 10 years. The natural habitat is Southern Nigeria and Cameroon, freshwater rivers and lakes with dark water. The parameters of the water in which it lives are varied: from fresh to salty, from soft to hard, therefore enduring.
Crichlis cichlids are small fish with bright body color. The scales are brown, on the abdomen there is a contrasting spot of purple, on the fins there are also several spots. An interesting fact: the color of the body changes from time to time and depends on the mood, the male looks quite vividly during spawning, showdown or a fight for the female. Although the beauty of these fish can be seen outside the "special" time, they are always gorgeous.
Body size is small, 7 cm is female, 10 cm is male, smaller fish are also found. As for cichlids, cribensis are rather small and tenacious - they live under normal conditions for more than 5 years.
Observe how the kribensis divide territory.
What to feed?
Кормление цихлиды попугайчика самое обыкновенное, поскольку эти питомцы всеядные. Рыбкам рекомендуется давать живой, замороженный и искусственный корм. Разнообразное питание - залог здоровья и яркой внешности. Pellets, flakes, fish tablets, bloodworms, tubule, daphnia, cyclop, artemia, cucumbers and spirulina are suitable as feed. Eat food from the bottom, make sure that it sinks to the ground, and was not intercepted by other fish. Abundant feeding is necessary before spawning: the male and female need protein feed.
How to care and with whom to keep
It is acceptable to keep both in a separate and general aquarium with fish of equal size. The parrots are undemanding to the water parameters, since in the Nigerian rivers the parameters are varied: the water is found either weakly acidic or very acidic with different hardness. It is dark water, painted with tannic dyes of leaves fallen to the bottom. In the Niger Delta, the water is salty, alkaline and tougher. Purchased fish perfectly adapt to the home aquarium, although beginners do not immediately get used to the new environment.
In the nursery should be set enough shelters: houses of coconuts, caves, grottoes, pipes. The male and female need protection, the youngsters will secure themselves in shelters. If you put 2 pairs of fish in the nursery, you will notice how each male and each female divide the territory of the aquarium, “figuring out” the relationship.
Small gravel and sand covers the bottom of the dwelling, its fish will be digged at its discretion. Aquarium should be covered with a lid, it is jumping fish. Parameters of the aquatic environment: water temperature 24-27 degrees, water hardness 8-15 dGh, acidity - 6.5-7.5 pH.
Choosing neighbors in the general aquarium for parrot cichlids is required with great care. Compatibility is possible only where there is a large area and plenty of shelter for all. Proven compatibility with fish of similar sizes that live in the middle layers of water. The ideal neighbors for them are: Sumatran barbs, swordtails, congoes, mollies.
Look at the spawning parrot cichlids.
An adult male and an adult female differ in the morphological features of the body: the male has a sloping, large head, and the female is smaller, with a rounded crimson belly. Before spawning, future parents are fed abundantly. The reproduction is initiated by the female, which shows the male its bright colors. Only in the general aquarium are both aggressive, it is better that before reproduction they live separately.
The female cleans and prepares the nest, where approximately 200-300 eggs will be laid. From now on, the male will guard her. At a temperature of 29-30 degrees the fry will hatch in a week and swim. Starter feed - nautilia Artemia, crushed flakes into a crumb, liquid food for fry. The male and female sometimes self-grind the food in the mouth, spitting it out to the fry. Feeding 2-3 times a day, requires siphon of the bottom and water renewal as the tank is contaminated. If the parents of the fry begin to clash for superiority over the brood, it is better to temporarily set them apart. After 2-4 weeks, babies will grow to 5 mm, then they can be placed in a separate aquarium. From now on, cichlids are ready for new spawning.
See also: Managuan tsikhlazom - fish with the coloring "jaguar".
Parrot fish - beauty and ease of care
Quite often, acquaintance with cichlids begins with the institution of fish parrots. The scientific name of these beautiful fishies sounds like pelvicahromis pulche. These inhabitants are characterized by incredible coloring and funny behavior, so lovers of the exotic could not resist and not tame them. Small size and calm nature have increased the popularity of parrot cichlids. Today, they are increasingly being wound up in small ponds.
The great advantage of this breed is considered to be a peaceful nature. This is the perfect neighbor that you can imagine. Putting it to others, you can not be afraid that it will cripple or kill others. Parrot fish surprise a perky character. They love how to swim in dense thickets, and dig deeper in the ground in search of food.
Like most cichlids, the parrot fish lives in the waters of Afiriki, Cameroon and Nigeria. An interesting fact is that it can live both in brackish water and in fresh water. It is not picky and hard water. The first information about it is dated 1901. It was first imported in 1913 to Germany.
Description of fish
Parrots are a very beautiful, bright fish. Most individuals have a brownish body with bright spots on the abdomen or fins. The uniqueness of these fish is that they are able to change colors depending on mood and time. So, during the spawning period, cyclids change color and become incredibly beautiful. Change color and at the moment when they find a female, suitable for mating. At such a moment, you can notice a change in color and get an albino fish.
Unlike other cichlids, parrots are small in size. Males can reach about 10 centimeters in captivity, females are 3 centimeters less. But, along with the size, decreased life expectancy. With proper care, they can live in the aquarium for 4-6 years.
Maintenance and care
Keep the parrots is not difficult, because they are unpretentious to food and water. Water parameters are almost irrelevant. This is due to the fact that the fish are brought from different reservoirs, where the water is radically different from each other. To create ideal conditions, it is important to clarify with the seller where this particular individual was brought from. If she flew in from Ethiopia, then very soft water with high acidity is usual for her, if from Nigeria, you will have to add some water, make it more alkaline and hard. Another option is a local selection fish. Such individuals are sufficiently adapted for local water, otherwise they will have to spend a lot of time searching for optimal parameters.
Parrot fish are very fond of different shelters. So take care of the availability of secluded corners and diverse decor. As them you can use:
- Clay pots with ground chips;
- Caves for fish;
- Various decorative pipes, etc.
In the event that you want to start breeding parrots, then such elements will become a necessary attribute for sheltering fry from big fish. It is better to have them in the corners, allowing the couple to equip their nest. It is very interesting to observe how couples divide the territory. If there is a meeting of representatives of different pairs on conditional borders, then the fish begin to show all the beauty and strength in front of the opponent. An interesting fact is that females are at enmity only with females, and males with males.
- Sand or small gravel is best used as a primer;
- Be sure to have plants and shelters;
- The presence of the cover on the aquarium;
- The temperature is about 25-26 degrees;
- Stiffness from 8 to 15;
- Acidity from 6.5 to 7.5.
Based on the large run-up of indicators, we can note the ease in the maintenance and care of parrot fish. Feeding big problems is also not foreseen. Cichlids enjoy eating all kinds of feed. But, as for others, it is best to combine several different feeding options.
You can feed the parrots:
- Special food in the form of granules, tablets or flakes.
A full balanced feeding will have a positive effect on both the health of the fish and their coloring. If not only pelvicahromis live in an aquarium, it is important to ensure that a part of the food settles to the bottom from where they feed.
Compatibility and reproduction
Whatever meek character these fishes may have, do not forget about their relatives cyclides. Therefore, it is necessary to select neighbors with extreme caution. During spawning, they experience occasional outbreaks of aggression, as a result of which other inhabitants may suffer. There are cases when parrots cornered the scalar and continued to hold them there for quite a long time. Physical harassment, such as biting off fins, is not excluded, but this phenomenon is most often blamed on tightness and stress.
- The congo
To this list, you can add a few more species of fish, which are similar to pelvihakromis character and size. It is advisable to select such neighbors who live in other layers of aqua.
Distinguish male and female is not difficult. The female has a more rounded abdomen and a bright crimson tummy, while the male has a sloping head and a larger size. Parrot breeding is not difficult. They quietly breed in the general aquarium without creating a spawn. To accelerate the onset of this period, begin to feed them vigorously with live food and see how your fish are transformed. Usually, the female provokes the male to breed, wriggling and showing all the charms of her body. However, experienced aquarists recommend dropping pairs into a spawning tank, because during breeding the pair can be aggressive to their neighbors.
Parrot fish - content
By repeatedly crossing different species of fish, mainly cichlids, Taiwanese breeders presented the world with wonderful hybrid creatures. They received the name parrot fish and began to enjoy the furious demand because of its original appearance. Let's look at them a little closer, answering the most common questions novice fans of these fabulous creatures.
Common questions regarding parrot fish:
- How long do parrots live?? With good care, they reach up to 15 cm in length and will be able to please the owner with their game for about 10 years.
- Compatible Parrot Aquarium Fish. They are distinguished by their peace-loving disposition and may show some aggressiveness only during the spawning period. Parrots behave peacefully with creatures of the same size during the normal period. But with very small species of these beauties, it’s still better not to lodge together, these cichlid relatives may consider the slander fodder.
- Breeding parrot fish. Their spawning begins at one and a half years. The fish begin to clear the area, dig holes and then lay eggs. Parents carefully look after future offspring and after a few days (3-6 days), it is born. After a week the fry swim and eat independently.
- Parrot Fish Food. Together with a dry specialized food, saturated with carotene, it is recommended to use vegetable and top dressing for them. Parrots adore bloodworms, shrimps, cortex. Many of them are such gluttons that even suffer from overeating, so the owners should show a sense of proportion in relation to food, not too indulging their pets.
In our country, these fish appeared in the 90s and instantly became favorites with many amateur hobbyists. The aquarium parrot fish itself becomes an ornament to any aquarium. These creatures are so amazing view that interest in them does not dry out even 20 years after their appearance on the market.