Types of goldfish
Goldfish (lat. Carassius auratus) is a freshwater fish of the carp family, of the Beaverguda order, of the Karas family. For the first time, goldfish were domesticated more than 1500 years ago in China. They are direct descendants of gold crucians. Nowadays, many types of goldfish are popular pets that have many morphological characteristics.
Origin, General Characteristics
More than 1000 years ago, a goldfish was a dweller of ponds and small decorative ponds, later it began to be kept in small clay tanks, which became the prototypes of modern aquariums. In the XIV century, the Chinese ruler ordered to organize the production of special containers for the maintenance of "silver" crucian carp. The vessels were made of porcelain and ceramics, decorated with ornaments, and enjoyed great popularity among the nobility.
Although the cups were not transparent, and the goldfish could not watch the world through them, however, people began to pour sand onto the bottom of the cups and add plants to the container. In such a vessel usually contain one or more fish. In the modern aquarium, everything is different - the tanks are transparent, equipped with instruments and decorations, so all types of goldfish can feel as comfortable as possible.
These are the most popular fish for beginners, which are distinguished by endurance and unpretentiousness in the content. However, almost all goldfish are cool-loving, they prefer to live in water at a temperature not higher than 24-25 ° C. Some tanks require aeration of water, and, of course, mandatory filtration and siphon of the soil. Goldfish are untidy: they constantly dig up the ground, eat a lot of food, and leave behind a lot of excrement. At least one individual needs at least 50 liters of aquarium water. It is recommended to settle with non-aggressive, omnivorous fish that will not bite off the fins, and will be able to live in cool water.
See how to contain goldfish.
As aquarium decorations, you can use plants, shelters and snags. The entire decor is required to process, it should not be scratches, sharp corners. It is not recommended to install sinks, stone sculptures, snags with pointed branches in the tank. It is advisable to plant hard-leaved and soft-leaved plants that a goldfish can eat (duckweed, wolfia, richchia). Some goldfish are contained in almost empty reservoirs due to the high probability of injury (telescopes, tails).
All goldfish are omnivorous hydrobionts. In addition to plants, they eat live, frozen and branded feed. With pleasure they eat food "for people" - boiled cereals, lettuce, spinach, dandelion, nettle. From animal food they can be given a chimney, daphnia, artemia, bloodworm, cortex, sliced meat of shrimp, earthworms. Goldfish are highly prone to overeating, so feed should be given metered - 2 times a day in small portions. Adults prefer plant food, and young animals prefer protein foods.
How to breed goldfish?
The goldfish becomes mature at the age of 1 year, but if you plan to cross breeds, it is better to wait until it reaches a more mature age (4-5 years). In the wild, Karasiki spawns in the middle of spring. The readiness for spawning is determined by external signs: in the area of gill covers hillocks appear of a light shade, the pectoral fins are characterized by small notches. These features of appearance are peculiar to both males and females. The abdomen of females is rounded and increases in size.
The male begins to pursue the female, drives her into shallow water with dense vegetation. Therefore, simulating reproduction in the natural environment, the water level in the spawning tank is reduced to 15-20 cm. For a spawning aquarium, a capacity of 50-100 liters with aeration and good lighting is suitable. In spawning you need to put a separator grid so that manufacturers do not eat fallen eggs. Planting of dense vegetation is allowed. Spawning lasts 2-5 hours, after the process, the male and the female need to be deposited.
Look at the spawning goldfish.
In one year, goldfish can breed 2-3 times. Larvae of fry appear 2-6 days after fertilization, which depends on the temperature of the aquatic environment. The lighting speeds up the ripening process, and the shade stops. In the first days of life, the larvae are almost stationary, fixed on aquatic plants, and eat up the contents of the yolk sac. After its exhaustion, the fry begin to swim independently in search of food.
Starter feed - Artemia nauplii, live dust, rotifers, special fry food. When the fry grow up, they need to be sorted by size, and settled in different tanks. Tellingly, the descendants of beautiful parents may turn out to be plain and vice versa.
For two thousand years of breeding production, goldfish became the real queen of aquariums, since various breeds were bred in Japan, China and other countries of the world. Nowadays, there are several dozen breeds that differ in external characteristics. They are full of different shapes, colors, variations of fins. There are two species of breeds that are distinguished by body symmetry: long-bodied goldfish and short-length goldfish.
The goldfish ordinary - practically does not differ from its ancestor. The color of the scales is golden, the body is elongated, the fins are golden, translucent.
Butterfly fish - aquarium fish of unusual appearance. The color of the body is metallic, the tail fin is forked, resembles butterfly wings. The eyeballs are large, so the butterflies are kept in tanks without decorations.
Fantails are popular aquarium fishes that do not differ in color from ordinary goldfish. The tail fin has two blades that are raised up. When a fish opens its tail, it resembles a lady's fan.
Vualekhvosty - have egg-shaped symmetry of the body, the color of the scales is white with colored patches, meet other variations of color. All fins are long, tail forked, stubby structure, divided into several parts.
Pearl, or tinsbrin - a breed of unique appearance: the body is short, has the shape of a bubble. All scales have the similarity of bloated, individually taken "pearls".
Lionhead - different swollen and short symmetry of the body, on the head there are growths that resemble the lion's mane.
Oranda - has a short, swollen body. The color of the scales is golden, the fins are thin, void-like. On the head, between the eyes are visible massive growths.
Ranchu - different body egg shape, body size is short. All fins are short, small growths can be seen on the head.
Ryukin - this breed is bred in Japan. The body is short, spherical, on the back there is a curvature in the form of a massive hump. The color of the scales is golden.
Telescopes - aquarium fish with large, bulging eyes. Color scales dark, fins long. It is recommended to keep in an aquarium without decorations and sharp corners.
Shubunkin - in the form of the body does not differ from an ordinary goldfish, but the body has a motley color, the scales are transparent.
Maintenance and care of goldfish
Goldfish are excellent pets for beginning aquarists, whose care is simple and interesting. The maintenance of this type of fish in the home has become available hundreds of years ago, this is one of the first ornamental fish that was settled in a glass tank. In China, they were kept in porcelain bowls, today unique aquascapes are created with the similarity of a natural biotope so that pets can live comfortably. How to properly care for them in the aquarium to extend their joy of life?
The rules of settlement in the aquarium
- Buy a wide aquarium. Make sure that there is enough space for the pet in the tank. For a voile-tailed goldfish, approximately 45-90 liter aquarium is needed. The goldfish grows fairly quickly, and if you plan to provide it with proper care, buy a tank in which already mature individuals will fit, which will save you later from replacing the reservoir with a more spacious one.
Look at the well-designed goldfish aquarium.
- Place a quality filter in the tank. The goldfish is known as an avid "muddy" that leaves a lot of trash behind. Your filter is obliged to comprehensively clean the water, preferably 10 times in 60 minutes. If you have a 20-liter aquarium, you will need a filter that has the ability to pump at least 200 liters. at one o'clock. Another suitable filter that pumps more than ten times the volume of water in the tank.
- A nitrogen cycle should be established in the aquarium. You need to buy a water device with an indicator that clarifies the saturation of water on nitrites, nitrates and ammonia. Do not buy test strips, they will not provide an accurate result. Use a special liquid to eliminate chlorine in order to release toxic chlorine from the water. Line out the bottom of the aquarium with a pea-sized gravel (small volume so that the pets cannot choke). Make sure that the pebbles or gravel do not contain metal fragments, since pebbles with metal have every chance to harm creatures if the dissolution of toxic elements in water happens.
- Get a small amount of decorations and decorations. Animals would love it, and diversify their small house. Do not purchase decorations with small holes, so that the goldfish could not sit there. Take into account the size of a mature individual (sometimes they grow to the thickness of a grapefruit!), And even then set the scenery. You can add algae; goldfish like to nibble on living plants, as a rule, they are: anubias, waltz, cryptocoryne, and others.
- Buy goldfish that have a healthy appearance. Be careful with the aquarium, where there is an inanimate fish, this may indicate the symptoms of the disease or the wrong care.
- Do not launch the purchased fish immediately into the general aquarium. Leave it for a 2-week quarantine in a separately prepared container with infused water. Such a procedure will prevent fright and diseases that a fish could bring from a previous aquarium.
- Contrary to the arguments, it is not recommended to place the voile tail fish in a round tank or a nano-aquarium. There she will be uncomfortable, her vision may deteriorate. Do not settle the fish in a tropical aquarium with heat-loving fish. Goldfish is a cold-blooded animal that hails from temperate latitudes.
- After quarantine, a goldfish can be launched into an aquarium. Do not rush to run the fish in an unfamiliar aquatic environment. Upon returning home with a new resident, lower the closed polyethylene roll with the goldfish into your tank for approximately 10 minutes. This will help the fish adapt to the temperature in the tank. Following this, add a few drops of water from your aquarium to the package with the fish, and wait another ten minutes. Then with a net, transfer the fish leisurely to the aquarium. Pour the packaged water into the sink or gutter. This process not only limits the stress to the animal, but also prevents water pollution in the reservoir tank. Then schedule how to care for your pet every day.
Watch a video about goldfish content.
Terms of care and maintenance
- Feeding the fish should be carried out twice a day, flaky or granulated feed. Goldfish can still eat frozen, live, vegetable, artificial foods. Very much like peeled peas, which is useful for digestion. Vegetable food (cucumbers, zucchini, salads) finely chop to make it easy to swallow. Overfeeding pets should not be - it is dangerous to health.
- Quality maintenance and care must take into account the parameters of the aquatic environment. Test water for nitrites, ammonia and ionic hydrogen (hydrogen) pH. Ammonia should be 0, the pH should be 6.5-8.0, and the degree of nitrate is allowed below 20. If this degree is above 40, then you have a very fish-filled aquarium, or you do not replace the water at the right time! If ammonia and nitrites were detected in the water, therefore, bio-filtration in your tank has not yet been established. Permissible water temperature is 15-20 ° C.
- Caring for the tank should be conducting a weekly replacement of water. Once a week, change 30-50% of the water in the aquarium. Updating all aquarium water is dangerous for wholesome unicellular organisms that cleave fish waste. It is mandatory to do the process of dechlorination before making fresh water in the aquarium.
- Clean the gravel one in 2 weeks. Do the procedure using a vacuum gravel filter device that cleans the litter while draining the water. For tropical aquariums, it is recommended to perform this function once every 30 days, but for goldfish (there is more than enough waste from them), always provide a clean environment.
- Spend time with goldfish as often as possible. Caring for her involves constant communication and eye contact. When she gets used to you, the content of the pet will be even more beautiful. Veiltails will begin to recognize you, and when you take care of them, they will begin to recognize your hand while nursing, and not be afraid of it.
- If your goldfish happened to be on the floor, or a cat got out of the aquarium (this happens often), quickly wet your hands, and with wet hands, run the fish back into the pond. So she will not be under great stress. Be sure to cover the tank lid so that such cases do not recur.
- Keep track of the scenery in the tank. If you notice sharp corners, rotted trees, broken glass or ceramics, immediately remove them from the tank. All decorations before placing in the aquarium should be processed in boiling water.
Types of goldfish
TYPES OF GOLDEN FISHES
with photo, description and links
The variety of aquarium fish sometimes affects. And given the fact that one species of fish has its own varieties - the aquarium world becomes just gigantic.
Sometimes it is even difficult for an experienced aquarist to tell what kind of fish it is. Hopefully, the following selection of GOLDEN FISH SPECIES will help you figure out who is swimming in your tank.
Order, family: carp.
Comfortable water temperature: 18-23 ° C.
Aggressiveness: 5% are not aggressive, but they can bite each other.
Compatibility: with all peaceful and non aggressive fish.
Golden, or Chinese, crucian carp in nature lives in Korea, China and Japan.
The goldfish was bred in China more than 1,500 years ago, where it was bred in ponds and garden ponds on the estates of nobles and wealthy people. For the first time, a goldfish was imported to Russia in the middle of the 18th century. Currently, there are many varieties of goldfish.
The color of the body and fins is red-golden, the back is darker than the abdomen. Other types of color: pale pink, red, white, black, black and blue, yellow, dark bronze, fiery red. A goldfish has an elongated body, slightly compressed from the sides. Males can be distinguished from females only during the spawning period, when the female's belly is rounded, and the males on the pectoral fins and gills develop a white “rash”.
For the maintenance of goldfish, an aquarium with a capacity of at least 50 liters per specimen is best suited.. Short-bodied goldfish (voiletails, telescopes) require more water than long-bodied (simple goldfish, comet, shubunkin), with the same body length.
With an increase in the volume of the aquarium, the planting density can be slightly increased. In particular, in the volume of 100 l you can settle two goldfish (you can have three, but in this case it will be necessary to organize a powerful filtration and make frequent water changes). 3-4 individuals can be planted in 150 l, 5-6 in 200 l, 6-8 in 250 l, etc. This recommendation is relevant if we are talking about fish of at least 5-7 cm in size without taking into account the length of the tail fin.
A special feature of the goldfish is that it loves to rummage in the ground. As the soil is better to use coarse sand or pebbles, which are not so easily scattered fish. The aquarium itself should be spacious and species, with large-leaved plants. Therefore, in an aquarium with goldfish, it is better to plant plants with hard leaves and a good root system.
In the general aquarium, goldfish can be kept along with calm fish. The necessary conditions for the aquarium are natural light, filtration and aeration.
Water characteristics: temperature can vary from 18 to 30 ° C. The optimum should be considered in the spring-summer period 18 - 23 ° С, in the winter - 15 - 18 ° С. The fish tolerate a salinity of 12-15%. If you feel unwell fish in the water, you can add salt, 5-7 g / l. It is advisable to regularly replace part of the volume of water.
Goldfish are unpretentious regarding feed. They eat quite a lot and willingly, so remember that it is better to underfeed the fish than to overfeed them. The amount of food given daily should not exceed 3% of the weight of the fish. Adult fish are fed twice a day - early in the morning and in the evening.
Feed is given as much as they can eat in ten to twenty minutes, and the remnants of uneaten food should be removed. It is necessary to include both live, and vegetable food in their diet. Adult fish that receive proper nutrition can endure a week-long hunger strike without harm.It must be remembered that when fed with dry food, they should be given in small portions several times a day, because when they get into a wet environment, in the fish's esophagus, it swells up, increases significantly in size and can cause constipation and disruption of the normal functioning of the digestive organs of the fish, the consequence of which may be the death of the fish. To do this, you can first hold the dry food for some time (10 seconds - flakes, 20-30 seconds - granules) in water and only then give them to the fish. When using specialized feeds you can improve the color of the fish (yellow, orange and red).
Long-bodied goldfish durable, under good conditions, they can live up to 30 - 35 years, short ones - up to 15 years.
Types of goldfishHeavenly eye or astrologer
The astrologer has a round, ovoid body. A feature of the fish are its telescopic eyes directed slightly forward and upward. Although this is considered a deviation from the ideal, these fish are very beautiful. Color stargazers orange-golden color. Fish reaches a length of 15 cm.
Read more about this Golden Fish here.
Astrologer or celestial eye: description, content, compatibility
This fish is the result of the inexorable and merciless selection of Chinese goldfish. The size of the fish is 15-20 cm. It has an ovoid body, the back is low, the profile of the head passes smoothly into the profile of the back. Coloring is different. The most common are silver, orange and brown colors.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Water eyesVualekhvost or Fantail
The veiltail has a short, high rounded egg-shaped body and large eyes. The head is big. The color of the veil tail is different - from a monotonous golden color to bright red or black.
Read more about this Golden Fish here.
Everything about Veilhvostah
Pearl is one of the fish included in the so-called "Golden Fish" family. The fish is unusual and very beautiful. Bred it in China.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Pearl
The body of the comet is elongated with a long ribbon forked tail fin. The higher the grade of the fish specimen, the longer its tail fin. Comets are very similar to voilehvosta.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Comet
Oranda is one of the fish included in the so-called "Goldfish" family. The fish is unusual and very beautiful. Orana differs from other goldfish - with a growth-cap on its head. The body, like many "Goldfish" ovoid, swollen. In general, similar to the veiltail.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Oranda
Another artificially derived form of "Golden Fish". Homeland - Japan. Literally Ranch translates as "cast in orchid." The fish is unusual and very beautiful.
Read more about this Golden Fish here.
Ranchu: description content compatibility Shubunkin
Another breeding form of "Golden Fish", derived in Japan. Suitable for maintenance in spacious aquariums, greenhouse and ornamental ponds. In Japanese pronunciation, its name sounds like sibunkin. In Europe, the first fish appeared after World War I, from which it was imported into Russia and the Slavic countries.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Shubunkin
The telescope is one of the fish included in the so-called "Golden Fish" family. The fish is unusual and very beautiful. Received its name for large bulging eyes, which may have a spherical, cylindrical or conical shape. Fish size up to 12cm.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Telescope
The fish is unusual and very beautiful. The fish has a short rounded torso. The posterior profile of the back and the upper outer edge of the caudal fin form an acute angle. In the area of the gill covers and the upper part of the head one can see volume growths that are formed in these fish at three months of age.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Lionhead
Video with Golden Fish species
Who do goldfish get along with in the aquarium
The compatibility of goldfish with other types of fish is one of the necessary conditions for their harmonious life in a home aquarium. From the correct compatibility depends on the health of the fish, behavior, life expectancy. Before determining with which species of fish the content of goldfish is possible, many observations were made that began in the Middle Ages. Since the goldfish (lat. Carassius auratus) is one of the oldest aquarium pets, compatibility has long been tested, which allows settling it with other fishes without experience.
What affects compatibility?
- Decorative varieties of goldfish are very large creatures with a body size of 20 cm in length and more, therefore, a successful maintenance requires a reservoir with a volume of 50-80 liters per individual.
- This type of fish is slow and graceful, so more active neighbors will disturb them.
- "Cinderella" love to plow the ground, looking for food in it or digging up plants. Such a habit is common to all, so the water will become dirty and muddy in a short time. Fish that love crystal clear water will suffer.
- They are omnivorous - they eat live, frozen, vegetable food. Diet with neighbors in the aquarium should be the same.
- Goldfish can eat very small fish. As representatives of the carp family, they borrowed from their ancestors a tendency to eat small animals.
- Compatibility is also affected by their variegated, beautiful color, as well as lush and long fins. Content is not allowed with those species who are not averse to nibbling their sumptuous tail.
See how goldfish coexist with macrognatus, labo and thoracatum.
With whom is settlement possible?
Of course, the maintenance of goldfish is possible with representatives of the carp family. An important point - the fish of this family prefer cool water, not higher than 24 degrees Celsius (° C). Next to certain types of carp goldfish will look spectacular, and there will be less conflicts with relatives. Therefore, the optimal care of the fish will be provided by the same conditions of detention. Among the successful neighbors can be: Labo, danios, koi carps, crucians.
As for carp, koi is a wonderful fish, often grown in decorative ponds as an exhibition "exhibit". He will not offend a goldfish, but his appearance is so self-sufficient that it is better to settle it separately. As for the other fish of the carp family, they do not get along with the barbs, "zolotushki" races. The reason - these neighbors can become either predators for golden fish, or their prey.
Decorative catfish - small corridors and catfish - good neighbors for ornamental fish. They live in the lower layers of water, so they don’t bother anyone, but peacefully collect leftover food from the bottom, clean it of dirt, which is very much after a goldfish. However, one has to be careful - catfish are sluggish creatures, which can irritate a golden fish. You should not settle with catfish antsistrusami, they are an exception. The ancistrus is large in size, and the lush fins of the beauties can slam.
All breeds of Carassius auratus: voile tails, Veikins, Shubunkins, telescopes, Riukins, will quietly cohabit in a common reservoir. They are the same parameters of the aquatic environment, which simplifies the care of these fish. However, there is a lack in such a neighborhood - crossing may occur between some adult fish, and they will bring hybrid offspring. This is fraught with a distortion of the characteristics of the breed that has been bred for years. The constant crossing of different breeds will lead to the fact that in one generation of descendants fish will appear that are no different from river carp.
See how goldfish with angelfish behave in an aquarium.
It is better to settle Carassius auratus alone - and so she is self-sufficient, is the queen of aquariums. Caring for one goldfish does not give you trouble. But if you want to take a chance - you can settle it with other fish, but watch out for the consequences. Sometimes all pets get along fine, but there are exceptions.
Who does not need to settle?
Representatives of the Kharatsinov family are not ideal neighbors for "cinchies". Neons, tetras, rhodostomuses, minors are small fish that carp can easily eat. They may get used to each other at the age of young, but later irreversible consequences will occur. But if you plan to settle goldfish not with small, but with large tetras - diamond or congo, then this neighborhood will be successful.
Labyrinth fish - not suitable as neighbors for ornamental goldfish. The first reason - labyrinths (gourami, lyalius) love warm water more than cool water. The second reason is that the labyrinth live an active way of life; they can engage in fights with veil-tailed fish, touching their fins. Theoretically, the compatibility of the Cinderella with the Ktenopome is possible, but it floats in the lower layers of the water, and the annoying neighbor with a long tail may simply not like her.
Cichlids - settlement in one aquarium is impossible due to the difference in temperature regimes of content and nature peculiarities. Cichlids are territorial fish, rather large and sometimes aggressive. Habitat cichlids are tropical regions of the globe, where the water is warm and clean. Goldfish are the descendants of freshwater crucian carp that inhabit temperate latitudes. Therefore, such a neighborhood for both species will be unusual. Because of this, compatibility with scalars is also unacceptable.
COMPATIBILITY OF GOLDEN FISHES
COMPATIBILITY OF GOLDEN FISHES
WITH OTHER FISH SPECIES
Compatibility issue Goldfish (Carassius) on the one hand, it is rather simple, but on the other it is complicated, and this is due to a number of specific nuances that are characteristic of this particular family of aquarium fish.
I think this topic should start with the fact that ALL BREEDS OF GOLDEN FISHES were obtained as a result of millennial selection. Therefore, the Voilehvost, Orandy, Telescopes, Shubunkins and others are artificially bred breeds, which, in fact, were obtained from one ancestor - silver carp.Therefore, if we talk about the intraspecific compatibility of Goldfish, that is, the possibility of sharing, for example, telescopes and koi carps in an aquarium or a pond, then this coexistence takes place - all types of Goldfish are absolutely compatible with each other. But, HERE THERE ARE ONE BUT! Since all the Scrofula are from the same tribe, they are in the same reservoir, they will interbreed with each other, resulting in "bastards" or if you want mutants - outbred hybrids. Taking into account the experiments, such a joint residence leads to degeneration and the transformation of the fish back into a crucian.
Therefore, if you plan to get offspring and breed Goldfish, then their species content in the general body of water - PROHIBITED!Before the discussion, the specific compatibility of Goldfish with other fish. It should be noted that Goldfish are large, slow, slow-moving fish. And this specifics should definitely be fat. For example, if you keep the Veiltails in a small aquarium with others, whether they are the most peaceful fish, all the same, over time, the fish will die, since the lack of free space - standards of maintenance, will do its job and the fish will simply “gnaw”.
In addition, when discussing the compatibility of any species of fish, it should be borne in mind that a single fish taken has its own character. In this connection, even observing all aquarium compatibility rules, you can get a negative result. In order to maximize this factor, it is always recommended to plant different fish with young and at the same time, rather than gradually add new ones to old ones.Now let's look at the compatibility of Goldfish with specific species of other fish.
Goldfish and Cichlids: Astronotus, Angelfish, Discus, Akara, Apistograms, Parrots, Tsikhlazymy: diamond, black-striped, Severum and other cichlids.
Such a union, alas, is not possible. All the fish of the cichlid family are aggressive and will not give life to the golden fish. Astronotus generally perceives Gold as a good live snack.
Therefore, to keep them together is strictly contraindicated, even with small cilida.
Somehow, I tried to combine veil eyelids with Goldfish, but alas, they had to be planted in the future. Despite the fact that the veil scalars are slow and somewhat similar to gold, all the same, after a couple of days, races began throughout the aquarium.
So, I recommend not experimenting - this is wasted time and money!
Goldfish and Tetras: neons, minors, ternistus, pulcher, lanterns, glass tetras, congo and other characteristic fish.
Here the situation is fundamentally opposite. All tetras are so peaceful fish that their union with Goldfish will be a wonderful variety of fish in your aquarium. One, but !!! When Goldfish grow up, they may burst into small tetras, therefore it is better to take “large” Kharacin fishes, for example, ternets or Congo, to Zolotuha.
Goldfish and Labyrinth: all gourami, lyalius, macrapods dr.
I do not even know what to say to you. On the one hand, they are compatible, but on the other hand they are not. This is due to the fact that the labyrinth, in particular gourami, very unpredictable fish and each individual gourami has its own character.
So that it is clear, I will give an example from my experience. Once upon a time, when I started my first aquarium of 35 liters and stuffed a bunch of fish there, including two marble gouramies, the latter were like mice, did not touch anyone and coexisted peacefully in the “little hostel”. But when one day I planted another blue gourae into a large aquarium, he made such a riot that it was bad even for small cichlid. I had to take her back to the pet store.
At the same time, lyalius - these are scared fish, I have no experience, but I think that it will be bad for them with Goldfish.
In view of the above, the coexistence of Gold with Labyrinths is a confusion, so this neighborhood is not recommended.
Goldfish and Aquarium Catfish, other bottom fish: corridors (speckled catfish), antsistrusy (catfish sucker), fighting, akantoftalmusy, green catfish brochis, tarakatumy and others.
In general, there is 100% compatibility. I draw your attention, only that not all somas are very peaceful. For example, Botsia Modest or Bai are somiers who can bite. Or, for example, ancistrus at night can easily stick to sleeping Goldfish, from which the latter will look like plucked hens.
Otherwise, everything is OK! Moreover, all aquarium catfish are good helpers in the fight with poop from Goldfish. Provide an aquarium bottom to the catfish and the frequency of the aquarium floor siphon will decrease.
Goldfish and carp: barbusses, danios and others.
It should always be remembered that Goldfish are slow and any neighborhood with nimble fish, and even more so those who can pluck them is not desirable. I do not see anything criminal in the joint content of danios and goldfish, but I do not recommend barbs. Sumatrans easily bite Golden.
Goldfish and pezillium, viviparous fishes: guppies, swordtails, mollies and others.
I read somewhere that guppies can attack and bite off Goldfish! But, something I can not believe in these stories. I can’t even imagine how this gopeshka will be able to covet on a big Golden Fish, unless they attack the crowd))).
I admit honestly, I don’t have any experience in keeping live beetles and Goldfish. And in general, it is somehow not solid to keep golden aksakals of the aquarium world and unpretentious live-bearers together.
And I also want to offer you such a topic as Compatibility of Goldfish and aquarium plants.
Who started up Goldfish knows that this issue is acute, as the Golden family well just loves plant food. To avoid the disgustingly plucked aquarium plants, I give my Golden twice-weekly grown duckweed from another aquarium. It is also possible to recommend to keep Goldfish with aquarium plants that will be too tough for Goldfish: Anubiases, microsoriums, cryptocorynes, as well as mosses.
For more on this, see this article - FISHING EATING PLANTS WHAT TO DO?
Summing up, it should be said that, nevertheless, Goldfish are fish intended for a specific aquarium that require special, special attention. Moreover, the cost of these fish is quite high, they are long-lived compared to other inhabitants of the aquarium and therefore it would be a shame to lose such a fish due to the fact that some five-kopek antsistrus did not let her sleep at night.Aquarium fish compatibility video
How many live goldfish in an aquarium?
Many busy people who dream of a pet and who do not have the opportunity to have a cat or dog, acquire aquariums. However, not everyone knows how to properly care for its inhabitants. After reading today's article, you will find out how much goldfish live.
Small historical retreat
It should be noted that these particular fish are considered the oldest representatives of the carp family, which they began to breed and maintain in aquariums. And the first to do this was the indigenous people of China. Those who are interested in how many years goldfish live will not hurt to learn that professional court breeders were engaged in their breeding. They were obtained by crossing several types of goldfish.
After the first bright individuals were launched into the imperial pond, work began on breeding new fish. This is how modern vualehvostki, wakin and che appeared. Life expectancy of individuals living in natural conditions was about a quarter of a century.
In the XVI century, these bright and rather large fish were brought to Japan, and after another hundred years the inhabitants of Europe learned about them. Interestingly, here the life expectancy of the introduced specimens has decreased to three months. This is explained by the fact that for some reason their owners thought that they did not need food at all.
Those who want to understand how much goldfish live will surely be interested in what they look like. The average length of adults is about thirty five centimeters. However, in the aquarium conditions are rare such impressive specimens. Usually in captivity, they grow up to fifteen centimeters.
A goldfish has a long, flattened laterally ellipsoidal body. She also has several reddish or yellowish fins, the longest of which is considered the dorsal. It starts from the middle of the red-golden body. The sides of the vast majority of this species are painted in golden color, and the belly - in a yellowish tint.
How many live goldfish in an aquarium?
In this case, much depends on the conditions in which they live. On average, this figure ranges from five to ten years. However, there are exceptions. For example, in one of the English cities there were a couple of individuals that lived to be thirty years old. And they lived in a forty-liter aquarium and ate specialized food. And in the county of North. Yorkshire was a golden fish that lived for forty-four years.
Having figured out how much aquarium goldfish live, you need to learn how to properly care for them. First of all, it should be noted that fifty liters of water will be required for one individual. Those who are planning to have five or six fish should purchase a two hundred-liter aquarium for future pets in advance. In addition, it is important to control filtration, aeration and light levels.
The optimum water temperature varies from eighteen to twenty-three degrees. However, much depends on the time of year. In the winter months it can be a little colder than in the summer. It is important not to forget to replace a tenth of the contents of the aquarium daily. Because poor quality and polluted water can cause the development of many diseases.
Understanding how much goldfish live, you need to understand the characteristics of their diet. Immediately, we note that they are quite voracious. Although these creatures are almost always asked to eat, it is often not recommended to feed them. According to most experts, frequent meals can lead to various diseases. Experienced aquarists advise feeding goldfish no more than twice a day. It is important to give food in small portions, which are eaten within seven minutes.
The basis of the diet of these beautiful, but very voracious creatures are plants, specialized dry and live food. Moreover, the latter are recommended to be purchased in frozen form in order to exclude infection of small fish by various diseases. As for dry food, it must first be soaked in a small bowl filled with water, which was taken in advance from the aquarium. Vegetable foods need to scald in advance with boiling water and grind. In addition to everything else, it is recommended to supplement their menu with unsalted crumbly porridges, which are cooked in water.
Breeding at home
Those who have already understood how many years goldfish live in an aquarium will be interested to know how they multiply. Especially for these purposes it is necessary to purchase a container closing from above, the length of which is at least eighty centimeters. It is important that the bottom of the so-called spawning ground be planted with bushy small-leaved plants. In addition, the aquarium should be filled with clean water, maximally saturated with oxygen.
Usually the beginning of marriage games falls on the early spring. It is desirable for this time to plant the fish and provide them with a full feeding. After a couple of weeks, you can select a female and two or three males. After fertilization, fish eggs should be removed from spawning. Two days later, fry appear on the light, which on the fifth day begin to swim confidently.
Prevention of various diseases
Those who already know how much goldfish live should understand that they, like all living creatures, are subject to ailments. Of course, conditionally pathogenic microflora is present in any aquarium. Therefore, so that your pets do not become victims of pathogens of dangerous diseases, you need to follow a few simple recommendations.
It is important not to overcrowd the aquarium and constantly maintain a healthy habitat in it. Do not neglect the regular replacement of water. It is strictly forbidden to hook up aggressive individuals that could injure them to goldfish. Also, do not forget about the correct diet and feeding regime.
How to determine the sex of the Goldfish - male or female
HOW TO DETERMINE THE FLOOR OF THE GOLDEN FISH: THE MALE BUCKET AND THE BOY
Everyone wants to know the sex of their goldfish, unless of course the goldfish are not intended solely for decorative purposes. Real goldfish fans usually want to get offspring from them, and here the definition of sex is of particular importance. There are several ways to determine the sex of goldfish.
During the spawning period, males of goldfish are easier to identify than females. Males develop tubercles or white bumps along pectoral fins and gill covers. In addition, males form dented teeth, the so-called "saw", on the male front fins. Females become slightly asymmetric, especially in the abdomen. They look bloated.
Photos of the structure of a goldfish
Photo of a male golden fish
In the photo clearly visible tubercles casting the Golden male from the female.
At the end of the spawning period and after several spawning spawns in some males, the thoracic region becomes rigid. It is rather difficult to determine this state, therefore, those who are not able to do this can be comforted by the realization that not many can distinguish a goldfish female from a male.
Here are some more ways to determine the sex of a goldfish, but even they are useless, if there is no fish for at least a year*, that is, if the fish has not reached puberty.
1. Males have an outgrowth extending through the posterior part of the ventral fin to the anus. In females, this growth is either completely absent or much smaller.
2. In females, the area between the ventral and anal fins is soft, and in males it is hard.
3. Although it is difficult to see, but the anus of females is round and convex, while the anus of males is thinner and concave.
4. The male's abdominal fins are pointed, and the female's fins are round and shorter.
5. The color of the females is brighter and they are more active. This method will undoubtedly help distinguish the female.
6. You can run the female goldfish in the aquarium and watch the reaction of the other goldfish. Males will swim to a new fish, and females will not show interest.
Here is another photo of males and females of goldfish
photo male goldfish Orande male goldfish telescope
photo of a female telescope goldfish
photo of a female goldfish Vualehvost
photo male and female goldfish Koi carps
Useful video, how to determine the sex of a goldfish - male or female, boy or girl :)
* Do not be surprised if in the pet store when buying goldfish, give your question to the male and the female, you will be told that this is not possible! Sex differences in the family of goldfish appear only with the onset of sexual maturity, i.e. after 1 year.