Choosing Aquarium Neighbors for Angelfish
Angelfish are peaceful aquarium fish, which in some countries are called "angel fish". As representatives of the Cichlid family, they still possess the predator instinct. Is scalar compatibility with other fish possible? This is a controversial issue, since even schematically acceptable compatibility can end in disrepair for any aquarium fish. If you grow an angelfish with other fish, starting at a young age, they will get along in the future.
The main rule is not to settle them with predatory, fast and aggressive fish and those smaller in size. Who fits in the mouth, those scalar will eat. The compatibility of these aquatic organisms with: catfish, pseudotrophy, danios, petillia, labo and tetras has been proven. We recommend that you familiarize yourself with the species compatibility table, which does not guarantee a peaceful settlement in one aquarium, but gives an idea of who the scalars usually get along with.
Also the maintenance of this fish is permissible with those who will ignore its bright appearance, not to wag the fins. The first time after the launch of the fish in the tank, follow their behavior. If there are quarrels, fights, other forms of rivalry, immediately settle the roommates. Consider buying an additional tank.
Compatibility table: scalar and other types
What species do these pets live in peacefully? In order to avoid mistakes in the settlement, should be considered their compatibility with other fish. As a rule, they are livable with many peaceful species, however there are exceptions to the rules.
Look at the common aquarium with scalar.
Barbusses are small fish that strive to pinch the beautiful fins of any neighbors, be it scalaries or other beauties. Sometimes they live peacefully, but Sumatra barbs, cherry barbs, tiger barbs can constantly wipe beautiful cichlid angels. They demonstrate their superiority, and play catch-up, or hide-and-seek, which leads to stress. No shelter or relocation is indispensable. Barbus even though pretty creatures, but too annoying. In addition to them, even gourami, guppies or labo can become strongly unbelted.
Cichlids from Africa and South America - although they are close relatives of the angelfish, they can show territorial aggression and predatory behavior. Cichlids are single fish, or "family men," not many breeders manage to keep them in peace and harmony with other aquatic creatures. The scalar is uncomfortable with them, so the settlement is possible only with individual compatibility, which is checked at a young age.
The cockerels are good neighbors for small cichlids. Can live by themselves. Male males often conflict with each other than with other fish. One caveat - during spawning, the female and male scalar are aggressive to cockerels, if there is no place to move everyone, arrange additional shelters in the tank.
Somiki corridor - almost all of them live without conflicts and claims, the scalar is also no exception. Somiki live in the lower layers of water, scalars - in the middle. Each other can be ignored without interfering with living and eating.
Danio - if the fish grew together, very well. If danios are settled as new neighbors, they will be taken for food. It will not be possible to eat everyone, they will arrange unpleasant endurance tests, proving their superiority. Danio swims in the upper layers of the water, and the scalar well they get. You can install a lot of undergrowth, shelters, a spacious tank so that everyone hides. For small fish, constant stress is extremely harmful, so take a look at how cichlids react.
Goldfish - so luxurious fish can be maintained with a commensurate Karpov. And with the scalar content is unlikely to be successful. Goldfish live in cool water, and cichlids live in warm water. In addition, goldfish and scalar are incompatible in nature - a more active cichlid will tear off the fins of such a neighbor. And another important factor is that goldfish quickly pollute the water, while cichlids love cleanliness.
Guppies are small ornamental fish. Get used to scalars from a young age. But when matured, cichlids can harm guppies. In adults, the predator instincts wake up, which is extremely unpleasant for guppies - it is small, bright and beautiful. If the question arises - where are the guppies gone? The answer is obvious - they were eaten by scalar.
Can I keep in an aquarium with gourami? Quite, gourami are non-conflict fishes that can stand up for themselves. Rarely, territorial disputes arise between gouras and these cichlids, but they can be avoided if there is space for swimming and shelter for all fish.
Look at the confrontation of gourami and scalar.
Mollies are viviparous fishes of colorful color. Content with cichlids of this species will be successful if they grow together. Sometimes mollies gnaw the scalar fins. Over time, they get used to each other, but in case of prolonged conflicts it is better to keep them separate.
Thorns are small omnivorous fish. Naturally, the scalars will be perceived ambiguously, or rather, as food. According to the conditions of detention each other fit, they eat almost the same food. But terration may be physically affected by the harassment of cichlids. Compatibility can be called relative, because for sure there have been cases where ternation and scalar have gotten along. However, terntions are small hydrobionts, large neighbors are dangerous to them.
Discus - these aquarium fish can be good companions for cichlids. The scalar and discus have similar conditions and diet. Even their body shape is a bit identical - and discus and it is difficult for scalars to collect food from the bottom due to disc-shaped symmetry. Therefore, they and others will be able to eat with a special feeder. The differences between them are discus fish flocks, they feel comfortable in a flock of 5-6 individuals, and the scalars swim in a pair, they love a wide space. Having a large tank for both types will be a big plus.
Compatible with mollusks and crustaceans
Snails are not indifferent to the environment clams. Eat everything they see. This does not apply to fish that attack them themselves. However, due to carelessness, the snails launched into the reservoir ate fish eggs. If there is one, the snail needs to be relocated, at least for a while.
As for crustaceans - crustaceans and shrimps, they and tsikhlovye may well cohabit, phlegmatically ignoring each other. Shrimps and crustaceans will not touch the angelfish, because it is a big fish. But the shrimp themselves are not harmless, they are natural predators. Amano shrimp and Macrobenchium tsikhlidki can not offend, but still watch for a start, what they live together. Also, Amano and Macrobenchium shrimps should be settled with scalars in a common aquarium from a young age. Young tsikhlovy fishes are more livable, than adults.
Aquarium shrimp can attack a sick angelfish - they feel weak, so wounds, scratches on the body of scaly ones are formed through the fault of a small creature. There were precedents that a large shrimp finished off and actually ate the weakened fish. Therefore, watch out for all pets carefully, so that everyone will stay alive and healthy.
If you like scalar, look at the scalp Leopold.
Angelfish: content, compatibility, care, breeding, species, photo-video review
SCALARIES content, compatibility, care, reproduction, species, photo-video review In my opinion, Angelfish (Pterophyllum scalare) are among the most beautiful aquarium fish.
These South American cichlids simply fascinate with their elegance and beauty of sailing fins, which, like the wings of an angel, support it in dimensional weightlessness. Actually not for nothing foreign these fish are called angels.
Their mannerism and affinity with the elite Discus, give an aristocratic polish that is unique to them. Aquarists have known these aquarium fishes for more than 100 years and during this time they have earned recognition and respect. In addition to these advantages, scalarians have well-developed intellect, are not capricious in content, and are caring parents.
Latin name: Pterophyllum scalare.
Detachment, family: Perciformes (Perciformes), cichlids, cichlids (Cichlidae).
Comfortable water temperature: 22-27 ° C.
"Acidity" Ph: 6-7,5.
Stiffness dH: to 10 .
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 30%.
The complexity of the content: easy
Compatible scalar: although the scalars are cichlids, they are not aggressive.
Favorable attitude even to small, peaceful fish and even to vivipartes. As neighbors we can recommend: the Red Sword-bearers (they look great with black sklyarias), terntions and other tetras, danios, all soma, gourami and lyaliusi, parrots and apistograms, other non-aggressive chichlades.
Not compatible with: neon, guppies (they will be eaten sooner or later), goldfish (they are pigs, they have a different feeding regime, nervous goldfish and scalars are chasing and plucking them), discus, too, though relatives, but in my opinion not the best neighbors - discus Dear, love warm water, they grow into large fish, capricious. In general, I am in favor of keeping the discus separately in a species aquarium. See the article - compatibility of aquarium fish.
How many live: Angelfish are long-lived aquarium and can live for more than 10 years. Find out how much other fish live HERE!
The minimum volume of aquarium for scalar
angelfish in the aquarium black and white photo beautifulFrom 100 l., In such an aquarium, you can put one, maximum two scalar. Under good conditions, they grow into fish of impressive size, and given their wide fins, it is better to buy an aquarium from 250 liters for them. About how much you can keep fish in X liters of aquarium, see HERE (at the bottom of the article there are links to aquariums of all volumes).
Requirements for the care and conditions of the scalar
- scalar necessarily need aeration and filtration, weekly replacement of up to 1/4 of the volume of aquarium water.
- it is not necessary to cover the aquarium, the fish are not very mobile and do not jump out of the pond.
- lighting should be moderate. The aquarium is equipped with shaded areas, which is achieved with the help of aquarium vegetation. Fish do not like bright light and shy to turn it on. Vallisneria and other long stem plants are recommended as aquarium plants for scalars. The creation of thickets from such plants imitates the natural habitat of the angelfish.
- Aquarium decoration, at your discretion: stones, grottoes, snags and other decorations. In the aquarium must be provided an open space for swimming. Shelters do not need scalars.
Feeding and diet of scalar
The fish are omnivorous and the feed is absolutely not whimsical. They are happy to eat dry, live food and substitutes. Like many aquarium scalar dwellers love live food: moth, artemia, choke, cyclops, daphnia. The feed by scalaries is taken from the surface of the water and in its thickness, the fish do not disdain to walk along the bottom after collecting the remnants of food.
The scalar has a peculiarity - they can refuse to eat for up to 2 weeks. So if your scalar does not eat - there is nothing wrong with that.
Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.
In nature, scalars live in northern South Americain reservoirs with dense reed beds and with standing or slowly flowing water. Actually these natural conditions explain their flattened - disc-shaped body shape, which they need to maneuver among underwater reeds. Kept in nature in groups of 10 individuals.
Description of aquarium angelfish
The body is round and very flattened at the sides. It has a very elongated back and anal fin, which gives the fish the shape of a crescent. Natural - the natural color of the scalar is silver with black transverse stripes; however, as a result of successful selection, various color scales were obtained, for example, a marble scalar, a two-color, red, black, zebra scalar and others. In addition, the veil form of the scalar is derived - with even longer fins. Angelfish are large, sweeping fish, can reach up to 15 cm in length, and even more than 25 cm in height in the forest.
Story of the angelfish
The Latin name Pterophyllum was given by the famous Austrian zoologist I.Ya. Heckel in 1840 and it translates as "pteron" - a feather and "phyllon" sheet, and together with a "winged sheet".
Before Heckel gave the name Pterophyllum, this fish was already repeatedly described in 1823. Martin Heinrich Karl Lichtenstein, who gave her the name Zeus scalaris. And in 1931, the fish was described by Baron Jord Léopold Frederik Bagobert Cuvier. He called it Platax scalaris. It was the scalar and the market name "Blattfische", translated as leaf fish. This name was given by G. B. Sagratski, who first managed to bring these fish from Rio Negru to Germany.Actually, under this name, for the first time, they found themselves in Europe, however, such a name did not eventually stick. Abroad, the angelfish is called "Angelfishes" or simply "Angel", in Germany "Segelflosser", which translates as a sail.
In some sources, it is said that for the first time the scalars appeared in Europe in 1909, but this is not the case. From this year, they "dovozilis", but alas, the dead. Only in October 1911 was it possible to bring a living scalar. And only from this moment on in Europe did the "aquarium-scalar boom" begin: description, disputes, articles in journals, attempts at breeding, etc.
The first successful breeding of scalar in artificial conditions occurred in 1914 at the aquarist from Hamburg - I. Quancar. His success was repeated only a year later by an aquarist from the USA, U.L. Polynn. It is worth noting that at that time the secret of reproduction was kept in the strictest secrecy - the scalar was very valuable. However, everything is secret when it becomes clear. Since 1920, breeding scalar gains mass.
In Russia, the scalars multiplied for the first time in 1928. This happened at our aquarist, Mr. A. Smironov - in the evening he went to the theater, and at home in the aquarium he had a hot water heater. The temperature of the water in the aquarium rose to 32 ° C and the scalar spontaneously began spontaneously. As a note of humor, I would like to say that the Russians are as always - at random and anyhow.
But, aquarists did not stop at the successful artificial breeding of scalar. The second half of the twentieth century was marked by inexorable breeding work on scalars. In 1956, a veil scalar was bred. In 1957, a spectacular black scalar was introduced in the USA. In 1969, again by the American Charles Hashem, a marble scalar was obtained.
Types and breeds of AngelfishSo in order to understand the scale of selection work, I’ll give only an incomplete list of other derived forms of an angelfish: half-hearted, smoky, albino, red-smoky, red, chocolate, phantom, two-spotted phantom, blue, white, zebra, lace zebra, cobra, leopard, marble red-gold, red-pearl, pearl, gold-pearl, red-pearl and others.
The latest achievements are scaleless and brilliant scalaries. Therefore, if we talk about the types of angelfish - they are just countless.
Here is a photo of some angelfish - Pterophyllum scalare
But, it is necessary to distinguish the species from the breeds of angelfish
The above scalar is a breed of the same species Pterophyllum scalare. But there are other types of scalar - the main ones are:
Pterophyllum altum (pterophyllum altum), Pterophyllum leopoldi (formerly Pterophyllum dumerilli - Pterophyllum Dymerilli), Pterophyllum eimekei
Here is Photo of Pterophyllum leopoldi (as a separate type of angelfish)
and here is a photo Pterophyllum altum (as a separate type of scalar)
a photo Pterophyllum eimekei (as a separate scalar)
Taking into account the above mentioned breeding experiments for one hundred years, the scalar adapted so much to the aquarium conditions that their content does not pose any problems.Perhaps the main and prerequisite for their maintenance is a large and high aquarium. As previously mentioned, the minimum volume of an aquarium for a scalar should be 100 liters, but its height should be at least 45 centimeters. In this case, the fish is absolutely not important thickness of the aquarium, on the turn, they are accustomed to pour narrow ducts, thickets and crevices. From my personal experience I will say that the angelfish feel great, are angry with densely planted long-stem vegetation, in which they feel at home in South America.
The optimal temperature of water for scalars ranges from 22-27 ° C. However, these fish are distinguished by enviable frost resistance up to 16 ° C and endurance in the heat up to 35 ° C.
They are unpretentious and to other parameters of water can normally exist both in very soft and rather hard water. Optimum dH: up to 10 °, Ph: 6-7,5.
Angelfish love clean water, so the presence of aeration and filtration in the aquarium is necessary. Weekly need to replace the aquarium water to fresh before? parts.
Angelfish are very hierarchical fish. It is best to keep them with a flock, in which their own ranking will be established - large and strong pairs will dominate, and weaker ones will receive cuffs. However, such intraspecific aggression is not very scary, especially if you zoned the aquarium. For example, I have aquarium plants and decor planted and set so that the aquarium can be divided into four "adjacent rooms". Such a method helps to avoid excessive aggression and stalking of the weak.
Breeding, reproduction and sexual characteristics of scalar
Sex differences between male and female scalar are weakly expressed. They can be seen only when the fish cut their mature age at 9-12 months of age. Up to this point, when you buy young animals in the pet store, no one will tell you who you take. When buying juveniles, the angelfish can be recommended to take two large individuals, most likely they are males and two small scalars, most likely they will be girls.
To determine the sex of the scalar need experience and practice. A full-time aquarist will distinguish a male from a female in two accounts, but for a beginner, it will be a bit hard for a beginner. For this you need to watch your scalar.
Below is a list of typical sexual differences between the male and the female scalar. Well, of course the photo!
The second sign is the structure of the body. The male angelfish has a 100% distinctive feature - this is a fatty knob on the forehead - a hump. Females do not have it. The forehead of the male is convex, on the contrary vice versa in the female. In addition, the body of the male scalar is more powerful, their back has a fin longer and there are stripes on it (on the back).
The third sign is manifested during the spawning period. The male has a narrow and sharp seed tube, while the female scalar forms a wide and short ovipositor.
Here is a good photo of a male and female angelfish(male on the left and female on the right). Having received a review of this article from a fish breeding expert. Vitaly ChernyavskyI consider it necessary to supplement this part of the article with his answer, here it is:
"The article on the scalars looked. As for signs of differences between males and females - not quite right.
1) Behavior is not a criterion. Every now and then 2 females without a male completely even (and in turn) imitate the male's sexual behavior. Only if you look closely, you can see that the "male" and the female will then change places - and the roe (naturally unfertilized) will be put off by BOTH fish.
2) There are males without a forehead and females with a forehead.
3) The only clear criterion for sex differences in adult fish is line of the back and abdomen. In the male: the line of the back and dorsal fin form an ANGLE, and the abdomen and anal fin are almost the DIRECT line. And in the female, on the contrary: the line of the back and the dorsal fin form an almost DIRECT line, and the abdomen and anal fin are almost a direct ANGLE. "
Taking into account the expert's opinion, I add this drawing that will help determine the sex of the scalar, based on the angle of its fins.
The fact that on the Internet this figure of an angelfish is everywhere spread with false information - the male and the female are confused. This drawing is taken from Ilyin's book Aquarium Fish Breeding. So there the fish were entangled by the artist.
Well, on the Internet, those who sculpt this picture on their websites ... they do not chop themselves, where the female is, where the male is, thereby misleading everyone.
!!! This picture is all right !!! With good and comfortable content angelfish spawning happens right in the general aquarium. The impetus for spawning is the replacement of aquarium water with fresh water and an increase in temperature of 2-4 degrees. A very important role in this process is played by the substrate for laying. Angelfish often prefer to lay eggs on a broadleaf plant, but they may like other places: filter tube, glass, grotto wall, etc.
The place chosen by the producers is thoroughly cleaned of any dirt, and then spawning itself follows. Over time, the female can sweep about 500 eggs, large and even more up to 1000.
Photos of scalar roe
The incubation period for caviar is 2 days; during this period, parents intensively fan the caviar with fins and clean it from litters, remove the whitened - dead caviar. After the larvae hatch from the calf, the parents transfer them to another leaf in their mouth. This is done for greater purity and the elimination of the possibility of catching the infection from the rotting shell of the calf.
Photos of scalar larvae
Over the next 7 days, the larvae, under the watchful supervision of parents, hang on a piece of paper. When the larvae run out of nutrients from the yolk sac, they turn into fry. From now on, they should start feeding.
Starter feed for young scalar should be of high quality, alive and well washed. Can advise - nauplii, nematodes. It is not desirable, but it is possible to feed the fry with any frayed dry food (the number of dead fry will increase with such feeding). It is also recommended to clean the spawning tank from food residue and other dirt twice a day.
Photo fry, young scalar
The above process is a reference example of breeding scalar. Often, because of the neighborhood with other fish in the general aquarium, producers stress and fry too. Of course, this does not lead to anything good. There have even been cases where parents, under stress from their neighbors, ate their offspring. In addition, due to the fact that in the commercial breeding of the angelfish, they use the method of jigging of caviar, it is now difficult to find a bona fide pair of producers who would be able to independently produce offspring. This is considered a miracle.
With this in mind, usually immediately after spawning, the angelfish, with the leaf on which it is located, are transplanted into another aquarium of 10–20 l. In this case, all parent functions are shifted to your shoulders. Protecting eggs from fungal diseases, methylene blue is added to the water, whitish dead eggs are regularly removed with a pipette, and a sprayer with a very very weak aerated water stream is placed under the leaf.
Interesting about scalar
Fashionable trend today Glofish not passed and scalar
here is an example of a photo of fluorescent scalar
Recommended literature and books about scalars
A. N. Gurzhiy "Skalyarii" 2009 Kochetov Sergey "Skalyarii" 2005
Beautiful video with scalars
A selection of beautiful photos with scalars
Angelfish Aquarium Fish - Maintenance and Care
In the overgrown reservoirs of South America with dense plants, a small fish was born and gradually acquired a rather fanciful shape. The unusual inhabitant gradually became a real decoration of the reservoirs, and therefore received a beautiful name: "Angelfish", which translates as a winged leaf.
Aquarium decoration - angel fish
In Europe, the little angelfish was named "angel", while also becoming quite popular as an inhabitant of aquariums among Europeans. Such fame of these fish is explained not only by the exotic shape and color. It is known that most aquarium fish do not live long: no more than two years, however, an angelfish is considered to be a long-lived, living in aquariums up to 10 years (with special care this period can last up to 20 years). The life span of an angelfish directly depends on the aquarist and his professionalism. Despite the fact that this fish belongs to non-hazardous species, it also requires proper care and a qualified approach to creating habitat conditions. Aquarists should not forget that this exotic baby comes from the southern continent and is used to living in an environment with dense vegetation. Therefore, the first condition contributing to an increase in the life span of the angelfish in an aquarium is their content in a properly organized habitat.
It is easy to care for these fish, the main thing is to observe a number of conditions for their comfortable stay in the aquarium:
- saturation of the underwater environment with the necessary flora to create conditions close to natural ones;
- organization of proper nutrition in compliance with the basic principles and dosage regimen;
- the optimal neighborhood of a small scalar with other inhabitants of the aquarium world.
How many other representatives in the aquarium will depend on the volume of the water basin.
Conditions of detention
The scalar feels perfectly in the dense thickets of underwater flora, as its flat body allows it to easily move between plants. However, we should not forget that the empty space of this motley baby is vital, especially if the owner wants to grow a scalar of a larger size. Under normal conditions, this aquarium fish grows in length up to 15 centimeters, while maintaining the potential to achieve a 26-centimeter length. Those who are interested in large scalars should take care that the aquarium is large enough - up to 100 liters. At the same time, the height of this water house should be about 50 centimeters.
An important role in creating comfort for the angelfish has a water temperature in the aquarium. In principle, it is considered acceptable within a considerable range, however, for a comfortable state, the scalars need a water temperature of 22 to 26 degrees. At the same time, experienced aquarists are confident that these fish feel good when the temperature in the aquarium drops to 18 degrees, and even for some time they live without problems in an aquatic environment with such a temperature index.
The maintenance of such fish provides not only the creation of habitat, timely care and cleaning of the aquarium itself, but also the organization of proper nutrition of fish.
Angelfish has the glory of undemanding and unpretentious fish. Besides the fact that it does not impose excessive demands on the creation of habitat on its owner, it is also completely picky in nutrition. The solution to the problem, than to feed the scalar, as a rule, does not cause difficulties: this fish willingly eats both dry food and live food. In order to correctly determine the appropriate feed for scalar, it is worth remembering the specifics of the body of the fish. Since her body has a flat shape, it is difficult for her to get food from the bottom, therefore, the most suitable for scalar is such a food that stays on the surface of the water for a long time. Approaches to the choice of live food are standard - this fish eats without damage to the health and bloodworms, and the pipe worker, and any other live food. Some experts prefer to feed these fish crushed seafood: shrimp, mussel meat.
It is recommended to observe the feeding regime of the angelfish the same as for most other aquarium fish: 2-3 times a day. At the same time, proper care of the fish in the aquarium provides one unloading day per week: on this day, the fish are not fed. It is not recommended to give feed to scalars more than three times a day, as this will inevitably lead to obesity. Feed should be given as much as the fish eat, without increasing the dosage, as not eaten feed will pollute the water in the aquarium.
It is believed that the scalar reach readiness for reproduction by 10 years. Keeping these fish in the same tank in preparation for spawning can create a number of problems. Both male and female will do everything possible to protect the territory with deferred caviar, which will lead to conflicts between the inhabitants of the aquarium.
It is worthwhile to watch the scalars, as they spend a fairly visual and difficult period of preparation for spawning. Vigilant care of the aquarium will allow you not to miss this important period and in time to send the fish to another temporary dwelling of up to 80 liters. The water in it should be warm, the aquarium can be equipped with large-leaved plants to create optimal conditions for spawning. A few days later the fry appear in the water, after which the parents should be sent out from the babies. Little angelfish live in a separate aquatic environment until they grow up and get stronger, feed on ciliates or "living dust". It is recommended to feed babies as much as adults feed: up to 3 times a day.
Creating an optimal habitat
Among experienced aquarists there is a perception that the angelfish is quite a peaceable inhabitant of the aquarium. However, her love of peace has boundaries: getting on with other inhabitants is that the scalar occupies a certain area in the aquarium and tries to chase away the rest of the aquatic inhabitants. For this colorful fish, it is advisable to organize in the aquarium several special zones:
- In different corners of the aquarium is to plant several plants with wide leaves. Such a technique will significantly reduce the level of conflict in the water monastery.
- The interior of the aquarium is complemented by mini-caves, large stones, and snags. This will allow the scalars to find shelter without harming the other inhabitants.
- The central part of the aquarium should be left as free as possible to create conditions for the free movement of fish.
- Colorful fish are quite shy: they are frightened by bright light, sharp flashes, therefore it is advisable to distribute the plants floating on the surface through the aquarium. This will create an additional blackout effect, making the fish content more comfortable.
Most often, the angelfish takes a place near the trough, and therefore drives away from her all the fish that are smaller in size, and can even eat very small ones. The angelfish and big fish live together quite peacefully, as the motley baby cannot drive them away from the feeder, and therefore does not conflict with them. It is advisable to breed many angelfish in one aquarium, which very quickly break up into pairs and begin to "redistribute" the area near the feeder. While they are "dividing the territory", the rest of the inhabitants of the aquarium have unhindered access to the feeder.
Angelfish - one of the most popular aquarium fish. Interesting colors, unusual body structure and, in addition, the rather good compatibility of the angelfish with other fish make them very attractive pets. It is about the latter and I would like to talk today.
Angelfish get along well with almost all peace-loving fish. But with some species only theoretically compatible, in practice, the picture is somewhat different. So let's take a closer look at a few examples of possible neighborhoods.
Angelfish and barbs
Barbus fish are relatively not aggressive, very mobile and fast. Such fuss is not particularly enjoy the rather slow scalar. In addition, having settled in, the barbs may well be interested in long attractive scalar fins and thoroughly pat them. Especially black and Sumatran barbs are prone to such hooliganism. But if all the fish are bought at the same time and from a very early age live in the same aquarium, then a peaceful neighborhood is quite possible. Another important factor here is the volume of your aquarium: if there is enough space, algae and secluded corners, then most likely these types of fish will not be particularly interested in each other.
Angelfish and goldfish
And the scalar and goldfish are very popular among aquarists, but to keep them together will not work for several reasons:
- goldfish prefer cooler water than scalar;
- scalaries are very demanding on the purity of the water, and the gold pollutes it very quickly;
- these fish have different characters, and the grown-up angelfish can quite spoil the fins of goldfish.
Angelfish and discus
These two types of aquarium fish will become very good neighbors. In the scalar and discus, similar conditions of detention and food preferences: both species are prone to overeating, so you need to strictly monitor the quantity and quality of food. In addition, the discus has a flat disc-shaped body shape similar to a crescent-like angelfish, and it is also very difficult for them to collect food from the bottom. So discus, like scalar, will be happy special feeding trough. The only condition is the presence of a large aquarium, as discus fish are schooling fish, it is better to contain 5-6 individuals, and even adult angelfish have decent sizes and love space.Angelfish and other fish
Guppy smaller in size angelfish, and therefore they are not the best neighbors for large neighbors. Ведь скалярии склонны воспринимать рыбок меньше себя как корм и вполне могут проглотить всех гуппи.
Меченосцы и скалярии могут вполне мирно уживаться друг с другом, если меченосцы не сильно заинтересуются длинными плавниками скалярий. Для большей гарантии мирного сосуществования желательно держать их вместе с раннего возраста.
Скалярии и петушки also a pretty good neighborhood option. Usually, these species of fish live by themselves, without paying much attention to their neighbors. Males will rather distort each other (especially males) than with scalars. True, during spawning the scalar may become too aggressive, protecting offspring, and pounding cockerels. In order to avoid this, there should be enough water plants and secluded places in the aquarium for shelter and solitude.
Angelfish are quite friendly fish, but there are a number of exceptions that must be considered so that none of your pets are hurt. And one of the main conditions concerning all compatibility options is an aquarium of the required volume. Even for only 1-2 pairs of angelfish, an aquarium with a volume of 60 liters is needed, and taking into account the neighbors, this figure increases significantly. This must be remembered when deciding on the choice of fish.
Scalar - maintenance and care
These fish belong to the perch-shaped order and the family of Cycloses. The length of the body reaches 15 cm. They grow to a height of 26 cm. The scalar has a silvery body, covered with black stripes. In nature, these fish inhabit slow-flowing rivers with fairly dense vegetation.
The main varieties of the angelfish and their features
There are various aquarium forms of these types of fish: black, voileae, smoky and others. There are three main varieties of scalar: Pterophyllum skalare, Pterophyllum altum, Pterophyllum dumerrilli. Today, the scalars have many forms and unique colors. The body of these fish is often disco-shaped. The difference between a male and a female is a strongly developed forehead in the male. Females are more complete. They learned how to breed an angelfish very quickly and today, in order to get offspring it is enough to plant an adult couple in an 80-liter aquarium, and they will spawn every ten days for three months in a row. Such a formed pair is better never to be separated.
The conditions of the angelfish in the aquarium
These fish are so long bred in aquariums that they have become unpretentious and accustomed to various conditions. They are able to live in water of different hardness. The most acceptable temperature content for scalaria is 24-26 ° C. They are very hardy and can tolerate both a rise in temperature to 35 ° C and a decrease in temperature to 16 ° C. But still, you should not allow significant fluctuations in temperature, so as not to harm the fish. Angelfish grow quite large, so the house in which they will live should be large (at least 60 liters). The content of the scalar in an aquarium assumes the presence of large, dense vegetation, stones and snags. The width of the aquarium does not really matter, as these fish species are adapted to life in narrow channels. Despite the fact that the scalar is very hardy, the maintenance and care of this fish must meet the following parameters: pH 6.5-7.3 (during spawning pH 6.5-6.8); dH - not higher than 18. It is necessary to constantly maintain the necessary parameters of water and saturate it with oxygen.
Caring for scalars in an aquarium involves living in small groups. These are schooling fish that do not tolerate loneliness. In addition, they are very loyal to their partner. On average, it is worth populating 4-6 individuals, which are further divided into pairs themselves. The peculiarity of this species is that they are very shy and may lose their color. These surprises include lighted light or a knock on the walls of the aquarium.
Angelfish are considered one of the most peaceful, and their content with other fish should not cause trouble and surprises. They live without problems with the same non-conflict individuals, as neighbors are perfect: gourami, mesonaut, apistogramma, swordtails, mollies, petilles, termination and other species. It is not necessary to move aggressive fish to the scalar, which can bite her fins or fast fish that will annoy her. Small species should be avoided, as they themselves can become food for scalar. During the spawning period, it is necessary to provide this pair of fish with peace and additional care.
Feeding will not provide difficulties and special difficulty. They feed mainly on live food: coretroy, bloodworm, daphnia. It is necessary to avoid feeding the pipe worker, because it can become a source of fish disease. Young angelfish can eat the leaves of plants and algae. Young animals should be fed with fish fry and mosquito larvae. A supplement to the diet can be dry granulated feed.
Adhere to simple rules on the content of these fish, and they will delight you for a long time.
Unpretentious gourami - great neighbors
Gourami are small fish of the Macropod family, a suborder Labyrinth fish. Many species are endemics of Southeast Asia, prefer calm waters with a slow current. Gourami in these regions are of industrial importance, but in many aquariums in the world they are ornamental fish. They have a peaceful and calm character, small body size, to keep them simple even for a beginner aquarist. Gourami practically do not show aggression towards their neighbors in the "house", most often they are in conflict with each other. To settle them in a common nursery, you must understand the peculiarities of their character.
These fish will not deliberately disturb their neighbors, chase and eat their fry, as they eat only small food. Females often hide in shelters or dense vegetation, sometimes they swim up to the upper layers of water in order to get air from the surface. In males, the character is unpredictable, sometimes flimsy and aggressive, but they are poorly protected from predatory species, if there are such in the aquarium. They are easy to grab for thin thread-like fins of the abdominal part.
It is important that they live well with other fish, their character unpretentious and peaceful. If you want to save them a prosperous life, take care of good-neighborly settlement.
Are compatible with each other?
Interspecific differences arise between them, during which they clarify the hierarchical roles or protect the territory. Aquarium gourami are practically incompatible with other members of their family. Naturally, when representatives of one species get along, but this does not apply to this species. Here everything is much more complicated. They constantly vie for the attention of the females, if there are few females in the aquarium for the male, he will not create a pair.
See how they fight gourami.
The fight between males can be extremely dangerous and lead to strong aggression, even worse than the attack of fish of another species. Compatibility is possible if one male and 2-3 females are placed in the tank for him. Then all the inhabitants will remain unharmed and happy. The labyrinth fins are usually thin and long, so they are easy to capture during rivalry.
Compatibility with other species
Aquarium gouras can live with other fish even better than with their closest congeners. Compatibility is possible with peaceful small fish that will swim in the middle and lower layers of water. There are also a number of representatives of the underwater world, with whom the gurus easily get along. Compatibility is possible with neons, iris, danios, battles, swordtails, tetras, catfish, minors. Representatives of the families of cichlids and scalar also get along with gourami.
It is not recommended to settle with large predators, with fast and active fish, playful. This applies to species that can pluck fins and constantly interfere, among them: barbs, cichlids, roosters, parrots fish, astronotus, goldfish.
Compatibility is not possible with discus, shrimp, guppy, since there will be a confrontation between them, or some will be eaten by others.
The following factors may cause conflicts between gouras and unrelated fish species:
- Bright color or long, fluffy fins that attract caring neighbors. They can tear off the fins, or destroy the "handsome";
- Disproportionate fish need space for swimming and life, if some fish swim at the upper layers, others at the bottom, this does not lead to collisions;
- Insufficient aquarium volume and lack of personal swimming space, insufficient number of plants and shelters;
- The main cause of conflict is the appearance of superiority in size, large aquarium fish immediately notice small fish, perceiving them for food.
Look at the aquarium with gourami, scalar and speckled catfish.
To understand whether compatibility between species is possible, it is necessary to become familiar with the criteria of full, partial compatibility and incompatibility. With full compatibility, you can safely observe the life of fish, with partial threats of rivalry, in the absence of compatibility as such, fish do not need to be placed in one aquarium at all.
Couples gourami and fish compatibility:
- Scalar and gourami: fully compatible
- Barbus: partially compatible
- Petushki: incompatible
- African cichlids: incompatible
- South American cichlids: incompatible
- Corridors: fully compatible
- Danio: fully compatible
- Discusses: partially compatible
- Lost: Partially compatible
- Goldfish: incompatible
- Gourami: partially
- Guppy: Partially
- Koi carps: incompatible
- Botsii: fully
- Mollies: fully
- Astronotus: incompatible
- Percylia: fully
- Plekostomusy: fully
- The iris: fully
- Rasbory: fully
- Labeo: completely
- Swordtails: fully
- Tetras: fully
- Acne: Partial
- Piranhas: incompatible
- Shrimp: incompatible
- Floating aquarium plants: fully
See also: How to care for chocolate gouras?