All about aquarium goldfish
ALL ALL ALL ABOUT GOLDEN FISHES
Dear reader! This article is a team of all the articles on our site. We also tried to supplement the article with the nuances of maintaining and caring for goldfish in an aquarium.
Why do you need such an article? Everything is very simple. Many beginners in the aquarium world do not know how to contain them, make gross mistakes, as a result of which in a month the goldfish at best fall ill with fin rot and at worst pop up with the belly up.
For example, often on our forum, and on the Internet as a whole, they ask the question - why does my goldfish swim sideways or belly up? When you begin to understand, look for the cause of such a disease and ask questions to the owner ... the answer is by itself and literally lies on the surface of the water.
Many do not know, forget, or do not want to know that feeding fish should be balanced, that is, in their diet should include dry food, and live and vegetable. Goldfish are gluttonous, prone to overeating, so the question of balance in the diet for them as for anyone is relevant. As for the aforementioned question, the answer is simple - in the process of eating dry food, goldfish swallow air with food. If you feed them only dry food, fish, due to excess air in the food system, begin to float belly up. The problem is solved elementary - the fish are transferred to the correct, full-fledged feeding and after 3-4 days the goldfish begin to swim normally.
Alas, such examples are mass and it is impossible to highlight everything. But, we still try to do it, by centralizing all the information about goldfish. We will try to focus on the most important points of the content of gold aquarium fish.
Goldfish: description, types, highlights
The variety of aquarium fish sometimes affects. And given the fact that one species of fish has its own varieties - the aquarium world becomes just gigantic.
Sometimes it is even difficult for an experienced aquarist to tell what kind of fish it is. Hopefully, the following selection of GOLDEN FISH SPECIES will help you figure out who is swimming in your tank.
Order, family: crucians.
Comfortable water temperature: 18-23 ° C.
Aggressiveness: 5% are not aggressive, but they can bite each other.
Compatibility: with all peaceful and non-aggressive fish.
Golden, or Chinese, crucian carp in nature lives in Korea, China and Japan.
The goldfish was bred in China more than 1,500 years ago, where it was bred in ponds and garden ponds on the estates of nobles and wealthy people. For the first time, a goldfish was imported to Russia in the middle of the 18th century. Currently, there are many varieties of goldfish.
The color of the body and fins is red-golden, the back is darker than the abdomen. Other types of color: pale pink, red, white, black, black and blue, yellow, dark bronze, fiery red. A goldfish has an elongated body, slightly compressed from the sides. Males can be distinguished from females only during the spawning period, when the female's belly is rounded, and the males on the pectoral fins and gills develop a white “rash”.
For the maintenance of goldfish best aquarium capacity not less than 50 liters per individual. Short-bodied goldfish (voiletails, telescopes) require more water than long-bodied (simple goldfish, comet, shubunkin), with the same body length.
With an increase in the volume of the aquarium, the planting density can be slightly increased. In particular, in the volume of 100 l, you can settle two goldfish (it is possible and three, but in this case it will be necessary to organize a powerful filtering and make frequent water changes). 3-4 individuals can be planted in 150 l, 5-6 in 200 l, 6-8 in 250 l, etc. This recommendation is relevant if we are talking about fish of at least 5-7 cm in size without taking into account the length of the tail fin.
A special feature of the goldfish is that it loves to rummage in the ground. As the soil is better to use coarse sand or pebbles, which are not so easily scattered fish. The aquarium itself should be spacious and species, with large-leaved plants. Therefore, in an aquarium with goldfish, it is better to plant plants with hard leaves and a good root system.
In the general aquarium, goldfish can be kept along with calm fish. The necessary conditions for the aquarium are natural light, filtration and aeration.
Water characteristics: temperature can vary from 18 to 30 ° C. The optimum should be considered in the spring-summer period 18 - 23 ° С, in the winter - 15 - 18 ° С. The fish tolerate a salinity of 12-15%. If you feel unwell fish in the water, you can add salt, 5-7 g / l. It is advisable to regularly replace part of the volume of water.
Goldfish in relation to food unpretentious. They eat quite a lot and willingly, so remember that it is better to underfeed the fish than to overfeed them. The amount of daily food should not exceed 3% of fish weight. Adult fish are fed twice a day - early in the morning and in the evening. Feed is given as much as they can eat in 3-10 minutes, and the remnants of uneaten food should be removed. It is necessary to include both live, and vegetable food in their diet. Adult fish that receive proper nutrition can endure a week-long hunger strike without harm. It must be remembered that when fed with dry food, they should be given in small portions several times a day, because when they get into a wet environment, in the fish's esophagus, it swells up, increases significantly in size and can cause constipation and disruption of the normal functioning of the digestive organs of the fish, the consequence of which may be the death of the fish. To do this, you can first hold the dry food for some time (10 seconds - flakes, 20-30 seconds - granules) in water and only then give them to the fish. When using specialized feeds you can improve the color of the fish (yellow, orange and red).
Long-bodied goldfish are durable, with good conditions of maintenance can live up to 30 - 35 years, short-term - up to 15 years.
The astrologer has a round, ovoid body. A feature of the fish are its telescopic eyes directed slightly forward and upward. Although this is considered a deviation from the ideal, these fish are very beautiful. Color stargazers orange-golden color. Fish reaches a length of 15 cm.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Astrologer
This fish is the result of the inexorable and merciless selection of Chinese goldfish. The size of the fish is 15-20 cm. It has an ovoid body, the back is low, the profile of the head passes smoothly into the profile of the back. Coloring is different. The most common are silver, orange and brown colors.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Water eyes
Vualekhvost or Fantail
The veiltail has a short, high rounded egg-shaped body and large eyes. The head is big. The color of the veil tail is different - from a monotonous golden color to bright red or black.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Vualekhvost
Pearl is one of the fish included in the so-called "Golden Fish" family. The fish is unusual and very beautiful. Bred it in China.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Pearl
The body of the comet is elongated with a long ribbon forked tail fin. The higher the grade of the fish specimen, the longer its tail fin. Comets are very similar to voilehvosta.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Comet
Oranda is one of the fish included in the so-called "Goldfish" family. The fish is unusual and very beautiful. Orana differs from other goldfish - with a growth-cap on its head. The body, like many "Goldfish" ovoid, swollen. In general, similar to the veiltail.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Oranda
Another artificially derived form of "Golden Fish". Homeland - Japan. Literally Ranch translates as "cast in orchid." The fish is unusual and very beautiful.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Ranchu
Another breeding form of "Golden Fish", derived in Japan. Suitable for maintenance in spacious aquariums, greenhouse and ornamental ponds. In Japanese pronunciation, its name sounds like sibunkin. In Europe, the first fish appeared after World War I, from which it was imported into Russia and the Slavic countries.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Shubunkin
The telescope is one of the fish included in the so-called "Golden Fish" family. The fish is unusual and very beautiful. Received its name for large bulging eyes, which may have a spherical, cylindrical or conical shape. Fish size up to 12cm.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Telescope
The fish is unusual and very beautiful. The fish has a short rounded torso. The posterior profile of the back and the upper outer edge of the caudal fin form an acute angle. In the area of the gill covers and the upper part of the head one can see volume growths that are formed in these fish at three months of age.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Lionhead
COMPATIBILITY OF GOLDEN FISHES WITH OTHER FISH SPECIES The issue of compatibility of Goldfish (Carassius), on the one hand, is quite simple, but on the other hand, it is complicated and this is due to a number of specific nuances that are characteristic of this particular family of aquarium fish.
I think this topic should be started with the fact that ALL BREEDS OF GOLDEN FISHES were obtained as a result of a thousand-year selection. Therefore, Vualekhvosti, Orande, Telescopes, Shubunkin and others - these are artificially bred breeds, which, in fact, were obtained from one ancestor - the Chinese silver carp.
Therefore, if we talk about the intraspecific compatibility of Goldfish, that is, the possibility of sharing, for example, telescopes and koi carps in an aquarium or a pond, then this coexistence takes place - all types of Goldfish are absolutely compatible with each other. But, HERE THERE ARE ONE BUT! Since all the Scrofula are from the same tribe, they are in the same reservoir, they will interbreed with each other, resulting in "bastards" or if you want mutants - outbred hybrids. Taking into account the experiments, such a joint residence leads to degeneration and the transformation of the fish back into a crucian. Therefore, if you plan to get offspring and breed Goldfish, then their species content in the general reservoir is FORBIDDEN! Before the discussion, the specific compatibility of Goldfish with other fish. It should be noted that Goldfish are large, slow, slow-moving fish. And this specifics should definitely be fat. For example, if you keep the Veiltails in a small aquarium with others, whether they are the most peaceful fish, all the same, over time, the fish will die, since the lack of free space - standards of maintenance, will do its job and the fish will simply “gnaw”.
In addition, when discussing the compatibility of any species of fish, it should be borne in mind that a single fish taken has its own character. In this connection, even following all the rules of compatibility of aquarium fish, a negative result can be obtained at the output. In order to maximize this factor, it is always recommended to plant different fish with young and at the same time, rather than gradually add new ones to old ones. Now let's look at the compatibility of Goldfish with specific species of other fish.
Goldfish and Cichlids: Astronotus, Angelfish, Discus, Akara, Apistogramma, Parrots, Tsikhlozy: a diamond, black-striped, Severum and other cichlids.
Such a union, alas, is not possible. All the fish of the cichlid family are aggressive and will not give life to the golden fish. Astronotus generally perceives Gold as a good live snack.
Therefore, to keep them together is strictly contraindicated, even with small cilida.
Somehow, I tried to combine veil eyelids with Goldfish, but alas, they had to be planted in the future. Despite the fact that the veil scalars are slow and somewhat similar to gold, all the same, after a couple of days, races began throughout the aquarium.
So, I recommend not experimenting - this is wasted time and money!
Goldfish and Tetras: neons, minors, ternsim, pulcher, lanterns, glass tetras, congos and other characteristic fish.
Here the situation is fundamentally opposite. All tetras are so peaceful fish that their union with Goldfish will be a wonderful variety of fish in your aquarium. One, but !!! When Goldfish grow up, they may burst into small tetras, therefore it is better to take “large” Kharacin fishes, for example, ternets or Congo, to Zolotuha.
Goldfish and Labyrinth: all gourami, lyalius, macrapod others
I do not even know what to say to you. On the one hand, they are compatible, but on the other hand they are not. This is due to the fact that the labyrinth, in particular gourami, very unpredictable fish and each individual gourami has its own character.
So that it is clear, I will give an example from my experience. Once upon a time, when I started my first aquarium of 35 liters and stuffed a bunch of fish there, including two marble gouramies, the latter were like mice, did not touch anyone and coexisted peacefully in the “little hostel”. But when one day I planted another blue gourae into a large aquarium, he made such a riot that it was bad even for small cichlid. I had to take her back to the pet store.
At the same time, lyalius - these are scared fish, I have no experience, but I think that it will be bad for them with Goldfish.
In view of the above, the coexistence of Gold with Labyrinths is a confusion, so this neighborhood is not recommended.
Goldfish and Aquarium Catfish, other bottom fish: corridors (speckled catfish), antsistrusy (catfish sucker), fighting, akantoftalmusy, green catfish brochis, tarakatumy and others.
In general, there is 100% compatibility. I draw your attention, only that not all somas are very peaceful. For example, Botsia Modest or Bai are somiers who can bite. Or, for example, ancistrus at night can easily stick to sleeping Goldfish, from which the latter will look like plucked hens.
Otherwise, everything is OK! Moreover, all aquarium catfish are good helpers in the fight with poop from Goldfish. Provide an aquarium bottom to the catfish and the frequency of the aquarium floor siphon will decrease.
Goldfish and carp: barbs, danios and others.
It should always be remembered that Goldfish are slow and any neighborhood with nimble fish, and even more so those who can pluck them is not desirable. I do not see anything criminal in the joint content of danios and goldfish, but I do not recommend barbs. Sumatrans easily bite Golden.
Goldfish and pezillium, viviparous fishes: guppies, swordtails, mollies and others.
I read somewhere that guppies can attack and bite off Goldfish! But, something I can not believe in these stories. I can’t even imagine how this gopeshka will be able to covet on a big Golden Fish, unless they attack the crowd))).
I admit honestly, I don’t have any experience in keeping live beetles and Goldfish. And in general, it is somehow not solid to keep golden aksakals of the aquarium world and unpretentious live-bearers together.
And I also want to offer you this topic like the compatibility of goldfish and aquarium plants.
Who started up Goldfish knows that this issue is acute, as the Golden family well just loves plant food. To avoid the disgustingly plucked aquarium plants, I give my Golden twice-weekly grown duckweed from another aquarium. It is also possible to recommend to keep Goldfish with aquarium plants that will be too tough for Goldfish: Anubiases, microsoriums, cryptocorynes, as well as mosses.
For more on this, see this article - FISHING EATING PLANTS WHAT TO DO?
Summing up, it should be said that, nevertheless, Goldfish are fish intended for a specific aquarium that require special, special attention. Moreover, the cost of these fish is quite high, they are long-lived compared to other inhabitants of the aquarium and therefore it would be a shame to lose such a fish due to the fact that some five-kopek antsistrus did not let her sleep at night. See also the article. Compatibility of aquarium fish.
What to feed the goldfish? Golden feed. Goldfish - extremely playful, cheerful and voracious creatures. They quickly get used to the person of their breadwinner, and as they approach the aquarium, they jump out of the water like piranhas with hungry eyes. This behavior of your waterfowl pets can be repeated 10 times a day, but this does not mean that the goldfish are hungry all this time. This is just a conditioned reflex. It is necessary to feed your pets 1-2 times a day with one pinch of dry food, cube freezing of live food, etc. This is quite enough for their normal growth and development. If you feed more often, the fish will behave very sluggish, in addition their life expectancy will be reduced.
Despite the fact that the process of feeding goldfish can bring you a lot of pleasure - do not abuse it. In fish, there is no sense of saturation. Do not forget about it. So do not overdo it. And your pets will long please your eyes and soothe raging thoughts.
And now from the lyrics, to the point!
Goldfish need a balanced diet.Their diet should include both live food - bloodworm, artemia, daphnia, rotifers and other food: dry and especially vegetable.
If we talk about proportions, then in my opinion for goldfish, this proportion looks like 40% live, dry and 60% vegetable food.
Live food, adore all the fish and gold is no exception. When keeping Zolotuh in an aquarium, it is better to use frozen live food, as they are safer than full-scale.
Dry feed - a universal remedy for feeding any fish. Manufacturers of aquarium feed took care of the usefulness of the diet. Therefore, if you feed only goldfish with such food, this will be quite enough for their well-being (in the sense of getting the fish all the necessary elements). But if you want to feed your goldfish to be elite))). It is necessary to introduce vegetable feed and only natural.
How is this achieved ?! Yes, very simple. You need to breed Leopard or Riccia, well, very golden people love this aquarium vegetation.
Here, please see how much duckweed grows in my week in an aquarium with scalars. All she goes to feed goldfish. Economical and non-GMO!
As it is known, duckweed and riccia grow very quickly and do not require special conditions for maintenance. For a week you will grow it on a scale sufficient for goldfish to feed. It should be diluted in a separate aquarium and transferred to scrofula 2-a - 3 times a week. That's all you need.
It is necessary to distinguish the feeding of goldfish in the aquarium and in the pond.
For feeding goldfish in a pond, it is recommended to use meat chips mixed with bread, as well as cooked porridges: buckwheat, oatmeal, millet, etc. The pond must be with vegetation !!!
If anyone is interested in this question, I recommend you to talk with our user "Muri", she is a noble ruler of goldfish in the pond!
I feed my goldfish with the following formula:
Resurrection - live food, Monday - Wednesday is dry and substitutes, Thursday - duckweed, Friday - Saturday - dry and duckweed. Sometimes I give a day of discharge - I don’t feed at all. On such a feed my scrofulous - fat and fluffy !!! :)
WHAT FEEDS CAN BE ADVISED:
Tetra GOLDFISH MENU - dry food for all goldfish.
dry food for all goldfish Tetra GOLDFISH MENU
Contains four types of feed in the 1st:
- chips with excellent nutritional value;
- granules supporting the coloring of fish;
- flakes of biologically balanced nutrition;
- Daphnia as a delicacy;
Elite-quality products designed exclusively for goldfish, perfectly recommended for many years, Tetra has maintained this 100% image.
Packing: 250 ml. Tetra, Germany
Cost: 9.00 US dollars
Special food for goldfish TetraAniMin with the formula BioActive.
It includes all the necessary nutrients and trace elements.
Very well digested fish
Tetra Goldfish Gold Japan
food for goldfish Tetra Goldfish Gold Japan
Super-class feed, granulated selective goldfish.
- granulated feed quickly softens in water;
- complete and varied diet of fish;
Dry food, 250 ml can.
Sera goldby gram - sulfur goldby gran
Very nutritious and easily digestible granulated food for all goldfish. The composition includes - Omega fatty acids, beta-gluconate, the necessary amino acids, astaxanthin, minerals, vitamins, vegetable substances, etc.
Manufacturer: Germany, 250 ml can
No way, the food for goldfish "Zohir" Coined specifically for Goldfish, taking into account the gastronomic needs of the fish of this species. Feed composition: proteins 36%, fat 5%, ash 6%. Improves digestion, stimulates growth, strengthens the immune system, provides a bright color of fish. Remarkably digested.
* REMEMBER: Underfeeding of fish is always better than overfeeding! Especially this rule applies to goldfish. Otherwise, the aquarium will be dirty, and the fish will be sluggish and suffer from inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract.
HOW TO DETERMINE THE FLOOR OF THE GOLDEN FISH: THE MALE BABY AND THE CABLE! Everyone wants to know the sex of their goldfish, unless of course the goldfish are not intended solely for decorative purposes. Real goldfish fans usually want to get offspring from them, and here the definition of sex is of particular importance. There are several ways to determine the sex of goldfish.
During the spawning period, males of goldfish are easier to identify than females. Males develop tubercles or white tubercles, growths along the pectoral fins and gill covers. In addition, males form dented teeth, the so-called "saw", on the male front fins. Females become slightly asymmetric, especially in the abdomen. They look bloated.
At the end of the spawning period and after several spawning spawns in some males, the thoracic region becomes rigid. It is rather difficult to determine this state, therefore, those who are not able to do this can be comforted by the realization that not many can distinguish a goldfish female from a male.
Here are a few more ways to determine the sex of a goldfish, but even they are useless if the fish is not even a year old *, that is, if the fish is not sexually mature.
1. Males have an outgrowth extending through the posterior part of the ventral fin to the anus. In females, this growth is either completely absent or much smaller.
2. In females, the area between the ventral and anal fins is soft, and in males it is hard.
3. Although it is difficult to see, but the anus of females is round and convex, while the anus of males is thinner and concave.
4. The male's abdominal fins are pointed, and the female's fins are round and shorter.
5. The color of the females is brighter and they are more active. This method will undoubtedly help distinguish the female.
6. You can run the female goldfish in the aquarium and watch the reaction of the other goldfish. Males will swim to a new fish, and females will not show interest.
* Do not be surprised, if in a pet store when buying goldfish, give your question to the male and the female, you will be told that this is not possible! Sex differences in the family of goldfish appear only with the onset of sexual maturity, i.e. after 1 year.
Reproduction and breeding of goldfish
Goldfish is one of the most ancient aquarium fish. Their story begins with the first century of our Era and Ancient China. Even then, the emperors of the East and Buddhist monks began to maintain, breed and select goldfish.
Actually, therefore, at present there are a great many aquarium goldfish, and their cost can vary from 2 dollars to several thousand US.
So, if you want to feel like a true goldfish breeder, emperor or Buddhist monk, then this article is for you!
Breeding or breeding goldfish, is not a difficult task.
However, goldfish are not guppies and in order to get offspring you still have to work hard and be patient. In addition, you need to have a sufficient number of aquariums or ponds.
You can't get off with one aquarium!
Goldfish breed independently, without any hormonal injections or without creating too specific conditions. Actual, good maintenance and proper feeding is the criterion and incentive for spawning producers. All types of goldfish can spawn in aquariums of a small volume of 30 liters. However, better results can be achieved in larger aquariums or in ponds.
Spawning of goldfish can occur at a temperature of 16 degrees Celsius, but it is better to maintain the temperature of the aquarium water at a level of 22-24 degrees Celsius. After replanting manufacturers increase the temperature by 2 degrees. The water level in the spawning pond should be 20-25 centimeters, the water should often be replaced by fresh and purged.
Unlike many other spawning aquariums, spawning for goldfish should be well consecrated all light day. If it is a pond, then the sunlight should be diffused, and the pond should be equipped with shelters in the form of floating plants.
Producers are planted in a spawning aquarium in the ratio of 1 female to 2-3 males and richly fed with live food (bloodworms, earthworms, daphnia, ground meat with bread, etc.). At the same time they try to select manufacturers based on their size. Especially females - the bigger they are, the more eggs they sweep out. And vice versa - small females toss less eggs. They equip an aquarium with vegetation (such as a combo, riccia, duckweed, a peristist, etc.), and do not carpe the bottom of the aquarium - on a clean bottom the eggs retain and do not die, but some aquarists set up a separate grid. Sexual maturity in fish comes to a year of life. In this case, the males appear on the gills white bumps and the so-called "saw" on the front paired fins, and the females are growing stout with caviar, their body is bent.
A female matured for breeding emits a special substance that has a characteristic odor and is particularly concentrated in the genital organs. Actually, this smell attracts males and is a signal of a female's readiness for reproduction. Under the influence of this secretion males begin to swim for females.
Under pond conditions, it is recommended to perform the above spawning manipulations in March – April, with the expectation that spawning will begin in May – June. It is believed that this is the most prosperous time for the successful ripening of caviar. In addition, at this time it is easier to provide the eggs and fry with the necessary comfort.
If the courtship of the males began earlier than March - April and the spawning should be delayed, the producers are seated and also the water temperature is lowered to the desired period (period).
The peak of reproduction of goldfish is accompanied by violent courtship of the males - they chase the female around the reservoir, and on the day of spawning, these courtships look like a frank pursuit.
Taking into account such features, the spawning aquarium is equipped with soft aquarium plants and not sharp decor (it is better without it at all). Otherwise, the fishes will sweep, and their fins will be torn after spawning.
The spawning begins with the first rays of the sun and lasts 6 hours. Spawning gold can every month until October. During one spawning, the female can sweep up to 3000 eggs. In the "home" spawning of goldfish can sometimes occur continuously - year-round. However, this leads to the exhaustion of manufacturers, and in this case they should be given rest, seated in different aquariums.
The spawning of the eggs takes place gradually - the female driven by the males touches the vegetation or walls of the aquarium and releases 10-30 eggs, which the males immediately fertilize - watering the eggs with milt.
Then, sticky caviar falls to the bottom or sticks to the plants.
Eggs on the first day are slightly orange and slightly flattened, the diameter of eggs is up to 1.5 millimeters. On the third day, the eggs are straightened and discolored, in connection with which they are difficult to detect.
Immediately after spawning, the producers are removed from the spawning tank, otherwise the offspring will be eaten.
The water level in spawning caviar is reduced to 10-15 centimeters and protected from overheating and excessive sunlight (if it is a pond). Aquarium intensively aerated.
The appearance of fry from caviar depends on the water temperature. At a water temperature of 22-24 degrees Celsius - the incubation period is 4-5 days, but at a temperature of 14 degrees Celsius it can reach 7-8 days.
On the second day after the appearance of the young in the aquarium, it is recommended to launch snails (for example, coils) so that they eat the dead and not fertilized eggs. You can carefully assemble yourself, but it is more difficult than it seems. It is very important not to kill the young. At the same time, leaving the dead calf is fraught with - live larvae do not tolerate "dirt" and can get sick.
Young goldfish in the first days is weak and harmless, in fact it looks like a reed with eyes and a yolk vesicle in the middle (the yolk bubble is necessary for obtaining nutrients in the first days of life). Fry move in spurts and can stick to the stop.
After about 2-3 days, they begin to blithely float around the reservoir, and from this point on, the young need to be fed with starter feed: live dust, the finest alga, and other finely ground to feed dust. After 2 weeks, you can give larger feed. At the age of one month, juveniles are capable of taking small bloodworms. As a starter feed, they also use egg yolk finely ground in water, as well as the soaked oatmeal grated in the dust. The fry are fed abundantly, but in portions - little by little but often.
We can recommend the following feed for young goldfish.
JBL GoldPearls mini is premium class granules, packaged in 100 ml.
It has a special recipe ideal for young fish. The diameter of the granulated feed 1-2 mm. Contains spirulina and carotenoids, which contribute to the development of good fish color, contain proteins (10%) from wheat germ, fatty acids. After two weeks the fry are planted in a 30 liter aquarium at the rate of 250 fry per aquarium. Aquariums flush or replace water frequently. Without purging, it is recommended that 120 fry be planted per aquarium. So they contain up to 2 months of age, gradually sorting by size and reducing their number. Fry are caught not with a net, but with a saucer or other utensils. So they are easier to get and count.
spawning aquarium for goldfish
Sorting carried out on the principle of rejection. Harvested juveniles with defects, juveniles lagging behind in growth, etc. In the end, get pedigree goldfish.
Defective and non-standard young, unfortunately kill. First, because it, as a rule, does not survive itself, and secondly, even if it survives, nothing good comes out of it. With its further content, you risk getting outbred offspring "bastards", but if you go further, then the fish just degenerate into goldfish.
At first, the scaled juveniles of goldfish have a silver-gray color, like the progenitor of the goldfish. Coloring appears only at the age of 3-5 months. To improve the brightness of the fish color, it is recommended that "sunbathing" light should be diffused. In an artificial reservoir, no shading is necessary, on the contrary, the aquarium is intensively illuminated with lamps. It is worth noting that the color of goldfish can vary in fact a lifetime.
Scaleless fry do not pass the aforementioned period of silver color and already at two weeks of age begin to turn into their final color.
Juveniles of goldfish are very capricious and prone to disease. To avoid mortality of offspring, you should regularly monitor the cleanliness of the aquarium, aeration and filtration. Constantly monitor the population - do not forget to settle as they grow.
When breeding goldfish need to strictly observe the species crossing. All goldfish can interbreed with each other (for example, veil tails with comets).
However, this will lead to degeneration and wastelessness of scrofula.
Summing up, you can make a short list of what you need for breeding goldfish:
- one-year-old males: 1 female, 2-3 males.
- aquariums: the main from 150 liters, spawning from 30 liters, aquarium for youngsters; (aquariums should be illuminated).
- aquarium soft-leaved plants;
- of course: aeration, filtration, thermostat;
- feed for fry;
- improvised aquarium equipment;
- suction water;
If you have any questions, you can ask them to our expert on fish breeding Vitaly Chernyavsky, here HERE!
Why die fish or the sad fate of goldfish!
The motive for writing this article was the communication on the Fanfishka.ru form with a certain citizen who, in the section on helping to determine the disease of the fish, wrote - "Help me, please, I have a telescope at the age of 6 months. I haven’t eaten anything for three days. It floats on the surface with difficulty , there is enough air. There is no external damage and swelling. Help if you can still, it's a pity to lose the fish. "
Being a conscientious and sensitive person, I gave her a plan of action and events according to the full scheme, advised the preparations. And then, when I wrote everything, I thought - why should I treat it so radically, maybe the reason for the poor health of the fish lies on the surface? :)
In this connection, I asked a citizen: "Tell me, what is your aquarium volume, who lives there besides the telescope, etc."
When I received the answer, I just went nuts! I’m trying to get along with treatment and help, but it turns out that ... read the answer: "Aquarium 80 liters. 1 gourami, 2 thorns, 2 gold, 2 telescopes (1 patient, another healthy, but for some reason does not grow), 2 danios, 2 small antsistrus, 2 speckled catfish, 1 angelfish, 2 ampoules ... ".
The reason that the telescope was bad - was revealed !!!
Imagine if 16 people planted in an eight-meter hut, how much would they stretch? ... Whatever the conditions in this hut, the sea would start a month later.
Vendors of pet shops are selling fish to beginner aquarists, using their insatiable desired “I want this fish, this one and that one and those catfish”. At the same time, neither of them think about the further fate of the fish.
Sad! But for some reason, this is exactly the fate of "cramming nevpihuemoe" comprehends only aquarium inhabitants. Imagine, mother and daughter come to the pet store and say: "Give us 15 cats, 3 Yorkshire terriers, 5 chinchillas and one sheep dog and 2 more parrots do not forget." Unfortunately, with aquarium fish this is exactly what happens.
And then, after a while, a convulsive scripture begins and the search for an answer to the questions: why the fish die and die, why do the fish lie at the bottom, float or swim on the surface, do not grow and do not eat! HERE'S OWN, THAT I HAVE FORGOTTEN ME TO WRITE THIS ARTICLE! This is some kind of attempt to stop the mockery of fish! An article for future similar questions. An article that will somehow help newcomers and people who are going to buy an aquarium to understand that the fish are the same living things as we do - they grow, require certain conditions of detention, have their own characteristics, etc.
Very clearly, this problem is seen in Goldfish (pearls, comets, telescopes, veils, shubunkin, oranda, ranch, koi carps, etc.). People either do not know or do not understand that this family of fish belongs to large species. In fact, they need to be kept in ponds (as it was in Dr. China) or in large aquariums.
But it was not there! People for some reason have developed a Hollywood stereotype that Goldfish looks beautiful in a round small aquarium.
HOWEVER, THIS IS NOT THE CASE!!! The minimum volume of an aquarium for a pair of goldfish should be from 100 liters. This is the minimum in which they can live normally, and it’s not a fact that they will grow "to their full height."
Therefore, recalling the above example with a citizen, which has an 80-liter aquarium, in which: 4th scrofula, scalar, gourami and others ... it is not surprising to hear "My golden fish does not eat anything, lies at the bottom or swims belly to the top." And it touches the question, why do they not grow?))) But how can you grow here, you wouldn’t die!
In addition, in this example, there is a relative compatibility of fish. We must not forget that Scalaria is a peaceful, but still South American cichlid, and somehow it’s not a friend with goldfish. The same goes for the gourami - they are peaceful, but snooty individuals come across.
Summarizing what has been said, I earnestly ask everyone not to violate the norms and conditions of keeping fish. Do not be greedy! And then your fish will grow beautiful and big. Somewhere I read that for 1 cm. The body of a fish without a tail should have 2-3 liters of water in an aquarium. Who cares here is a link to the compilation - How much can the fish in an aquarium X liters (at the end of the article, select the aquarium of the desired volume).
Now I would like to talk about other reasons that lead to poor health of fish, without any visible reason (signs of the disease are not visually visible).
If the norms of the volume of the aquarium are not violated, the compatibility of the fish and their number are not violated, and the fish still float or vice versa lie at the bottom and swallow air, then the reason may be: Poisoning fish with nitrogen, ammonia, and more simply poop. We live in the air, and the fish in the water. Parameters of aquarium water directly affect the health of the fish.
In the process of life, aquarium fish and other inhabitants defecate, another organic matter dies, the remains of food decompose, which leads to excessive saturation of water with nitrogenous compounds that are detrimental to all living things.
Thus, the cause of poor health or a pestilence in fish may be:
- lack of care for the aquarium (cleaning, cleaning, siphon, no filter or replacement of aquarium water).
- overfeeding fish (the presence in the aquarium is not eaten feed).
- untimely disposal of dead fish, etc. (some novices watch snails burst dead fish, this is absolutely impossible).
What to do in this case? It is necessary to eliminate the sources of nitrogen excretion:
- urgently transplant fish into another aquarium with clean water;
- enhance aeration and filtration;
- clean the aquarium, and then replace 1/2 of the aquarium water with fresh water;
- Pour into the filter aquarium coal and ion exchange resins (zeolite), use another aquarium chemistry (Nitrate Minus Perls, Bakozym, at least Sulfur Nitrivek);
It should always be remembered that aquarium water should be replaced weekly. However, this is not always good - old water is better than fresh, especially for young aquariums, in which the biobalance is not yet tuned. So this should also be done with the mind and as needed. If you see that the water in your "young aquarium" is not green, not muddy, etc. Replace at the beginning of 1 / 5-1 / 10 of the volume of aquarium water, but often 2-3 times a week. However, one should always keep in mind that clear water is not an indicator of its purity. With that said, it is necessary to develop your own “tactics” of water changes based on the volume of the aquarium, its age and fish preferences, etc.
Emergency fish transfer is a temporary measure, if the fish is very profitable. As a rule, when a fish is not feeling well (lying on the bottom, swallowing air, swimming on its side, etc.), such an action brings it to life and after 2-3 hours it is cheerful and cheerful.
It should be remembered that such a transplant should be done in water at about the same temperature as in the aquarium, the water should be separated (preferably), do not forget to provide aeration. And yet, if there is no other aquarium, an emergency temporary transfer can be carried out in a basin or other vessel.
About coal. Aquarium coal is sold in any pet store. It is not very expensive, so I recommend to buy it in reserve. Coal - this is a great additional measure in the fight against "shit and other evil spirits." If it is not at hand, you can temporarily take human activated carbon, wrap it in gauze or bandage and put it in the filter. You also need to understand that aquarium coal is not effective against nitrites and nitrates to eliminate them using ion-exchange resins and other chemicals. Watch
Water filtration. It's simple. The aquarium filter must be suitable for the volume of aquarium water. Additional helpers: aquarium plants, as well as snails, shrimps and crustaceans.
In the end, we can advise the drug for quick cleaning of the aquarium from sewage - TetraAqua Biocoryn.
Another reason that the fish die can be the wrong adaptation of newly purchased fish.
Firstly, Do not release new fish immediately to the aquarium. Everyone knows that. Let them acclimatize: Therefore, about the article, see All about the Acquisition of Transplant Transportation of fish!
Secondly, fish that lived in a pet store or grew up in another reservoir are accustomed to certain water parameters (pH, hD, temperature) and if you transplant them into water with radically opposite parameters, this can lead to their death within a day or a week.
Actually therefore for the correct adaptation there are so-called quarantine aquariums. You kill two birds with one stone: check whether new fish are contagious and adapt them to new conditions. The quarantine principle is simple - it is a small aquarium (another reservoir) into which new aquarium inhabitants are launched and within a week they are checked for lice, as well as they gradually add aquarium water from the aquarium in which they will live.
You can do without quarantine, but it is a risk! As a rule, it carries in 80% of cases, but 20% still remain. In order to neutralize these 20%, I recommend to transfer fish with Tetra AquaSafe (Tetra AquaSafe). This preparation "improves" aquarium water and reduces the stress of fish during transplantation.
Third reason the fact that the small fish is bad asphyxia, caused by the lack of sufficient aeration of aquarium water.
The obvious signs of asphyxiation (suffocation) in fish are: frequent opening of the mouth, heavy breathing, wide opening of the mouth - as if yawning, the fish swims near the surface and there is enough oxygen.
You should know that the fish breathe oxygen dissolved in aquarium water, which they pass through the gills with water and if it is not enough of the fish simply suffocate.
Enhanced aeration and bringing it back to normal will correct the situation!
Another fourth reason Ascent of the fish can use tap water to the top.
Opinions on this are different. While talking and discussing this topic, some comrades say: "Yes, all this is fikhgnya, I fill in the unstable tap water in the aquarium and everything is fine - the fish will not die." However, it is worth noting that tap water in many regions of the CIS is simply terrible! It contains so much bleach and other impurities that it is scary to use it. Somewhere, of course, the water is better here and “carries” - the fish do not die. In Austria, for example, tap water is generally spring water from the Alps, but alas, where are the Alps, and where are we ?!
Therefore it is very important to use only separated water for the aquarium. In addition to the fact that chlorine will evaporate from the water and heavy impurities will settle, excess oxygen will also be released, which are no less destructive for fish.
What to do if you poured tap water and fish from this poplohelo? Ideally transplanted into separated water. However, if you originally poured water, then you probably do not have separated water. One way out is to add aquarium chemistry that stabilizes the aquarium water. For example, the above Tetra AquaSafe.
Fifth reason: This is a violation of the temperature regime.
The generally accepted temperature measure of aquarium water for many fish is 25 degrees Celsius. But too cold water or too warm leads to all the same symptoms: the ascent of the fish, lying on the bottom, etc.
With cold water, everything is clear - you need to buy a thermostat and bring the reduced temperature to the desired one. But with too warm water is much more complicated. Usually aquarists encounter this problem in the summer, when the water in the aquarium boils and rolls over 30 degrees, from which the fish become lethargic and "faint."
There are three ways out of this situation:
- cool the aquarium water handicraft: using frozen 2n. bottles from the fridge. But - this is not very convenient, because frozen water quickly gives off cold and you need to constantly change the bottle. In addition, jumps and temperature fluctuations - there, no less harmful than just elevated water temperature.
- sold special installation cooling aquarium, but alas, they are expensive.
- buy an air conditioner and install it in a room with an aquarium, in addition to room stuffiness, the air conditioner will knock down the aquarium heat.
The last option in my opinion the most acceptable.
The sixth and seventh reason
Sometimes the cause of bloating the fish and swimming a belly or side to the top is overfeeding. Again, this reason is largely related to goldfish, because they suffer from gluttony, overeating and begging. Do not enter them on occasion. Feed them exactly as much as it should be. Otherwise, your gluttons will earn inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract or, more simply, they will suffer from constipation!
Another reason for which the fish can lie down for no apparent reason is stress. Well, she does not like her neighbors and that's it. Or it often happens that they take young fish, and all the boys and one female grow out of it, and as a result, the boys start a showdown - who is in charge. The weak begin to chase and tyrannize, with the result that they are hammered into a corner, lie on the bottom, well, and die. There is only one way out, to resettle everyone, give them to friends or back to the pet shop.
What else can affect the health of the fish:
- excess lighting or stress from it;
- decorating the aquarium with chemically dangerous decorations (metal, rubber, plastic);
- overdose of drugs;
Summing up, it is possible to make an unequivocal conclusion that the correct maintenance of fish is a panacea for many aquarium ills. If you are attentive to your aquarium dwellers, they will thank you too.
beauty and longevity!
Video about goldfish
An interesting video story about goldfish
Category: Aquarium Articles / USEFUL TIPS FOR CONTENTING FISHES | Views: 83 011 | Date: 19-02-2014, 14:48 | Comments (7) We also recommend reading:
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Maintenance and care of goldfish
Goldfish are excellent pets for beginning aquarists, whose care is simple and interesting. The maintenance of this type of fish in the home has become available hundreds of years ago, this is one of the first ornamental fish that was settled in a glass tank. In China, they were kept in porcelain bowls, today unique aquascapes are created with the similarity of a natural biotope so that pets can live comfortably. How to properly care for them in the aquarium to extend their joy of life?
The rules of settlement in the aquarium
- Buy a wide aquarium. Make sure that there is enough space for the pet in the tank. For a voile-tailed goldfish, approximately 45-90 liter aquarium is needed. The goldfish grows fairly quickly, and if you plan to provide it with proper care, buy a tank in which already mature individuals will fit, which will save you later from replacing the reservoir with a more spacious one.
Look at the well-designed goldfish aquarium.
- Place a quality filter in the tank. The goldfish is known as an avid "muddy" that leaves a lot of trash behind. Your filter is obliged to comprehensively clean the water, preferably 10 times in 60 minutes. If you have a 20-liter aquarium, you will need a filter that has the ability to pump at least 200 liters. at one o'clock. Another suitable filter that pumps more than ten times the volume of water in the tank.
- A nitrogen cycle should be established in the aquarium. You need to buy a water device with an indicator that clarifies the saturation of water on nitrites, nitrates and ammonia. Do not buy test strips, they will not provide an accurate result. Use a special liquid to eliminate chlorine in order to release toxic chlorine from the water. Line out the bottom of the aquarium with a pea-sized gravel (small volume so that the pets cannot choke). Make sure that the pebbles or gravel do not contain metal fragments, since pebbles with metal have every chance to harm creatures if the dissolution of toxic elements in water happens.
- Get a small amount of decorations and decorations. Animals would love it, and diversify their small house. Do not purchase decorations with small holes, so that the goldfish could not sit there. Take into account the size of a mature individual (sometimes they grow to the thickness of a grapefruit!), And even then set the scenery. You can add algae; goldfish like to nibble on living plants, as a rule, they are: anubias, waltz, cryptocoryne, and others.
- Buy goldfish that have a healthy appearance. Be careful with the aquarium, where there is an inanimate fish, this may indicate the symptoms of the disease or the wrong care.
- Do not launch the purchased fish immediately into the general aquarium. Leave it for a 2-week quarantine in a separately prepared container with infused water. Such a procedure will prevent fright and diseases that a fish could bring from a previous aquarium.
- Contrary to the arguments, it is not recommended to place the voile tail fish in a round tank or a nano-aquarium. There she will be uncomfortable, her vision may deteriorate. Do not settle the fish in a tropical aquarium with heat-loving fish. Goldfish is a cold-blooded animal that hails from temperate latitudes.
- After quarantine, a goldfish can be launched into an aquarium. Do not rush to run the fish in an unfamiliar aquatic environment. Upon returning home with a new resident, lower the closed polyethylene roll with the goldfish into your tank for approximately 10 minutes. This will help the fish adapt to the temperature in the tank. Following this, add a few drops of water from your aquarium to the package with the fish, and wait another ten minutes. Then with a net, transfer the fish leisurely to the aquarium. Pour the packaged water into the sink or gutter. This process not only limits the stress to the animal, but also prevents water pollution in the reservoir tank. Then schedule how to care for your pet every day.
Watch a video about goldfish content.
Terms of care and maintenance
- Feeding the fish should be carried out twice a day, flaky or granulated feed. Goldfish can still eat frozen, live, vegetable, artificial foods. Very much like peeled peas, which is useful for digestion. Vegetable food (cucumbers, zucchini, salads) finely chop to make it easy to swallow. Overfeeding pets should not be - it is dangerous to health.
- Quality maintenance and care must take into account the parameters of the aquatic environment. Test water for nitrites, ammonia and ionic hydrogen (hydrogen) pH. Ammonia should be 0, the pH should be 6.5-8.0, and the degree of nitrate is allowed below 20. If this degree is above 40, then you have a very fish-filled aquarium, or you do not replace the water at the right time! If ammonia and nitrites were detected in the water, therefore, bio-filtration in your tank has not yet been established. Permissible water temperature is 15-20 ° C.
- Caring for the tank should be conducting a weekly replacement of water. Once a week, change 30-50% of the water in the aquarium. Обновление всей воды аквариума опасно для полезных одноклеточных организмов, которые расщепляют рыбные отходы. В обязательном порядке делайте процесс дехлорирования перед внесением свежей воды в аквариум.
- Делайте очистку гравия один в 2 недели. Делайте процедуру с применением вакуумного фильтрующего прибора для гравия, который счищает сор во время сливания воды. For tropical aquariums, it is recommended to perform this function once every 30 days, but for goldfish (there is more than enough waste from them), always provide a clean environment.
- Spend time with goldfish as often as possible. Caring for her involves constant communication and eye contact. When she gets used to you, the content of the pet will be even more beautiful. Veiltails will begin to recognize you, and when you take care of them, they will begin to recognize your hand while nursing, and not be afraid of it.
- If your goldfish happened to be on the floor, or a cat got out of the aquarium (this happens often), quickly wet your hands, and with wet hands, run the fish back into the pond. So she will not be under great stress. Be sure to cover the tank lid so that such cases do not recur.
- Keep track of the scenery in the tank. If you notice sharp corners, rotted trees, broken glass or ceramics, immediately remove them from the tank. All decorations before placing in the aquarium should be processed in boiling water.
General rules for keeping aquarium fish
Caring for fish in an aquarium is a must for every aquarist. Keeping fish requires a responsible approach, and with proper treatment of their pets, they will bring many benefits. It is believed that the aquarium is useful for the home, helps to cope with stress. Small fishes have a beneficial effect on the emotions of adults and children, cultivate a sense of responsibility in a person. How to properly maintain the fish, and care for them?
Place for an aquarium and a selection of fish
For a start, think carefully about where you put your home aquarium, where the fish will live. The choice of the shape and size of the tank depends on the location. It is considered that the maintenance of a spacious aquarium does not take long to clean. Caring for him is much easier than small. A large tank can contain a large number of different fish that are compatible with each other. Also do not forget about the devices, without which the functioning of a modern reservoir is impossible. Compressors, filters, lighting devices, decorations will provide the highest quality care.
Another issue that bothers aquarists - the choice of pets. For beginners, small and unpretentious fish are suitable that can survive the host’s small errors. Contrary to popular belief, goldfish and cockerels are not easy-to-keep fish. They will have to spend more time with them. Goldfish leave behind a lot of waste, and you have to clean up more often in the aquarium. Males are sensitive to changes in water parameters and infections.
Guppies - one of the most unpretentious fish, belong to the family Petsiliye. They have a bright tail, like the whole color of the body. The size of the females is 6 cm in length, the males are 3-4 cm. These are herbivorous aquarium fish, which need to be eaten more green. They love clean, oxygenated water. Another unpretentious fish - it's cichlids. There are African and South American species. For the beginner, omnivorous and herbivorous tsikhlovye fish are suitable. Predatory species are incompatible with other fish, and are quite dangerous. Other types are very friendly and quick-witted, they can live alone or in pairs.
See how to maintain and care for black-tipped cyclose.
Parameters of the aquatic environment
Full maintenance and care of fish is impossible without maintaining the parameters of the aquatic environment. Install a water thermometer to the aquarium to know about changes in water temperature. As is known, there are heat-loving and cold-loving fish species. Some may survive a temperature range above 22 degrees Celsius, for others this temperature is dangerous. You can turn on the aquarium heater, bringing the temperature to the optimum. If the water is overheated, turn off the device. Check the condition of the filter daily, and clean it if it is dirty. Check the compressor in time.
All aquarium fish prefer to live in a constant environment, where there is no temperature difference and water level. Prepare the separated water in advance to add it to the aquarium if necessary. Do not put in an aquarium foreign objects, especially metal. They may scare pets, or release toxic substances into the water. Fish do not tolerate tobacco smoke, so in a room where there is a tank with living creatures, you can not smoke.
If the water becomes turbid, do not sound the alarm. Water clouding can cause outbreaks of beneficial bacteria, release of foreign matter into the water, or decomposition of dry food. Excretions of fish in large quantities also propagate organic matter, which is favorable for the growth of bacteria. Timely provide care to pets - clean the bottom of the aquarium with a siphon, monitor the condition of the filter.
Feeding, lighting, water change
Feeding is an important aspect, without which fish care is impossible. Feed pets should be 1-2 times a day, and once a week arrange a fasting day without food. Malkov need to feed more often - 4-5 times a day. The amount of feed depends on the type. Big fish should get more feed, small - less. For 2-3 minutes, pets should eat all the amount of feed received. Overfeeding is harmful to the digestive system.
See how to properly feed dry fish aquarium fish.
What feeds do aquarium fish prefer? Freshwater species unpretentious. To provide them with timely care, do not give a lot of food, otherwise there will be a lot of waste too. Live food in frozen form, dry can be given in certain proportions. Dry feeds are made on the basis of daphnia crustaceans. Live food is usually caught in natural water bodies - it is a bloodworm, a tubule, a corret. Make sure that the fish living in the upper layers of the water, do not take all the food from those who swim at the bottom.
Lighting - another necessary detail, which provides full care for the fish. Many aquatic organisms do not need additional lighting, they need enough daylight and indoor light. However, some need and night lights from LB lamps. The optimal backlight power is 0.5 watts per liter of water. Also consider the depth of the tank, its area, the nature of fish and plants. Residents of the depths are not very fond of a large amount of diffused light.
When the water evaporates and becomes polluted, periodically it has to be refilled. Usually one third of the total volume of water is added. Water parameters should be similar to the water in the aquarium. Changes in the composition of the detrimental effect on the health of pets (it is important to know the water temperature, salt composition, gas composition).
Full replacement of water is made in extreme cases - if all the fish in the aquarium died from an outbreak of the disease, if fungal mucus appeared in the aquarium, water flourishes rapidly, the soil is heavily polluted. But the plants are quickly damaged by the complete replacement of water - they become discolored, the leaves fall off. If you maintain a constant biological balance within the mini-ecosystem, then all aquarium inhabitants will be healthy. Properly selected appliances and living conditions will ensure quality life and care.
Garra Ruffa: Care and Content Description
What influences compatibility?
- Decorative varieties of goldfish are very large creatures with a body size of 20 cm in length and more, therefore, a successful maintenance requires a reservoir with a volume of 50-80 liters per individual.
- This type of fish is slow and graceful, so more active neighbors will disturb them.
- "Cinderella" love to plow the ground, looking for food in it or digging up plants. Such a habit is common to all, so the water will become dirty and muddy in a short time. Fish that love crystal clear water will suffer.
- They are omnivorous - they eat live, frozen, vegetable food. Diet with neighbors in the aquarium should be the same.
- Goldfish can eat very small fish. As representatives of the carp family, they borrowed from their ancestors a tendency to eat small animals.
- Compatibility is also affected by their variegated, beautiful color, as well as lush and long fins. Content is not allowed with those species who are not averse to nibbling their sumptuous tail.
See how goldfish coexist with macrognatus, labo and thoracatum.
With whom is settlement possible?
Of course, the maintenance of goldfish is possible with representatives of the carp family. An important point - the fish of this family prefer cool water, not higher than 24 degrees Celsius (° C). Next to certain types of carp goldfish will look spectacular, and there will be less conflicts with relatives. Therefore, the optimal care of the fish will be provided by the same conditions of detention. Among the successful neighbors can be: Labo, danios, koi carps, crucians.
As for carp, koi is a wonderful fish, often grown in decorative ponds as an exhibition "exhibit". He will not offend a goldfish, but his appearance is so self-sufficient that it is better to settle it separately. As for the other fish of the carp family, they do not get along with the barbs, "zolotushki" races. The reason - these neighbors can become either predators for golden fish, or their prey.
Decorative catfish - small corridors and catfish - good neighbors for ornamental fish. They live in the lower layers of water, so they don’t bother anyone, but peacefully collect leftover food from the bottom, clean it of dirt, which is very much after a goldfish. However, one has to be careful - catfish are sluggish creatures, which can irritate a golden fish. You should not settle with catfish antsistrusami, they are an exception. The ancistrus is large in size, and the lush fins of the beauties can slam.
All breeds of Carassius auratus: voile tails, Veikins, Shubunkins, telescopes, Riukins, will quietly cohabit in a common reservoir. They are the same parameters of the aquatic environment, which simplifies the care of these fish. However, there is a lack in such a neighborhood - crossing may occur between some adult fish, and they will bring hybrid offspring. This is fraught with a distortion of the characteristics of the breed, which was taken for years. The constant crossing of different breeds will lead to the fact that in one generation of descendants fish will appear that are no different from river carp.
See how goldfish with angelfish behave in an aquarium.
It is better to settle Carassius auratus alone - and so she is self-sufficient, is the queen of aquariums. Caring for one goldfish does not give you trouble. But if you want to take a chance - you can settle it with other fish, but watch out for the consequences. Sometimes all pets get along fine, but there are exceptions.
Who does not need to settle?
Representatives of the Kharatsinov family are not ideal neighbors for "cinchies". Neons, tetras, rhodostomuses, minors are small fish that carp can easily eat. They may get used to each other at the age of young, but later irreversible consequences will occur. But if you plan to settle goldfish not with small, but with large tetras - diamond or congo, then this neighborhood will be successful.
Labyrinth fish - not suitable as neighbors for ornamental goldfish. The first reason - labyrinths (gourami, lyalius) love warm water more than cool water. The second reason is that the labyrinth live an active way of life; they can engage in fights with veil-tailed fish, touching their fins. Theoretically, the compatibility of the Cinderella with the Ktenopome is possible, but it floats in the lower layers of the water, and the annoying neighbor with a long tail may simply not like her.
Cichlids - settlement in one aquarium is impossible due to the difference in temperature regimes of content and nature peculiarities. Cichlids are territorial fish, rather large and sometimes aggressive. Habitat cichlids are tropical regions of the globe, where the water is warm and clean. Goldfish are the descendants of freshwater crucian carp that inhabit temperate latitudes. Therefore, such a neighborhood for both species will be unusual. Because of this, compatibility with scalars is also unacceptable.
Goldfish: compatibility with other fish
Very often, beautiful decorative goldfish are the very first pet beginner aquarists. But before you start them at home, you should definitely consider the compatibility of these beauties with other typical inhabitants of aquariums.
Effect of species behavior on compatibility
As with all other representatives of aquatic fauna, the behavior and compatibility of all ornamental crucians are closely related. As for the goldfish in particular, the debate about its compatibility has been going on for a long time, but theorists and practitioners of aquarists cannot make a definite conclusion.
Decorative goldfish are large enough (20-25 cm in length) individuals for pets, and, therefore, an aquarium for their successful life needs a large, with a capacity of 50 liters per individual. For a couple - 80-100 liters.
It would seem that such a space contributes to the combination of several species, but for this there are several serious obstacles.
- First of all, "zolotushki" somewhat slow. Smaller, nimble fish will no doubt take their food away from them.
- And, on the contrary, in the vicinity of the same large sluggish species, decorative crucians will pounce on food, trying to eat every last crumb. Neighbors are unlikely to get something.
Another feature of the behavior is the habit of rummaging in the ground in search of food. This happens very often, entailing the rise of silt and turbidity of water. Not every "neighbor" will like it.
Omnivorous goldfish. At home, they eat live, dry or frozen food, as well as vegetable food. If the neighbors in the aquarium are small fish, then gradually they will be eaten by "scoops" who are constantly in search of food.
Decorative carp has a bright appearance: large dorsal and ventral fins, luxurious tail. Experienced aquarists confirm: veil-shaped fins are very often the object of attack by aggressive "neighbors", even if they are smaller in size.
Thus, the desire to run other ornamental fish to gold often encounters a number of unsolvable problems.
Compatibility of goldfish with cichlids
Practice shows that such a neighborhood is impossible. And this is due to the natural aggressiveness of almost all tsikhlovyh.
Even if cichlids are herbivores of the same size as goldfish, then races around the aquarium are inevitable.
In some sources you can find information about the peaceful living in the general aquarium of goldfish and South American tsihlazom, however, clashes between them are inevitable. Especially if the fish are hungry.As for the fairly common astronotus, he considers the "gold" exclusively as an additional dish for his lunch.
Compatible with labyrinth
Theoretically, such a neighborhood is possible. There may not be bloody battles with gourami or laliliusi, but these brisk fish simply will not allow the phlegmatic "little balls" to live in peace.
If we take into account the nature of the fish, then joint maintenance with calm Ktenopomes may be suitable. However, they lead a near-bottom lifestyle, and they clearly do not like the activity of bright decorative crucians, constantly digging up something at the bottom of the aquarium.All these factors raise some doubts about the feasibility of such a neighborhood.
"Zolotushki" and haratsinovye
Unpretentious, peace-loving tetras and neons could get along peacefully with goldfish. In principle, this is what happens when golden fry are launched into the aquarium to these popular representatives of the family of the Haracin.
As a rule, peaceful coexistence ends when goldfish grow to their normal size and begin to consider small neons, rhodostomus or minors as an additive to the usual diet.
If the neighborhood is so necessary, then it is better to keep in the general aquarium larger tetras - congos or brilliant ones, which may well get along with bright decorative crucians.
There is a positive experience of such content, but only with certain types of carp. The goldfish itself is a decorative species of the carp family, so the neighborhood is quite possible with almost all danios or small labo, for example. On the other hand, such distant relatives in the family, such as rasbora, "poles" can easily eat.
But from the thoughts on the joint living of the popular Sumatran barbs and the "gold" it is better to give up immediately: the aggressive "Sumatrans" will constantly attack them, biting their fins.
Aquarium cohabitation is allowed with large koi carp. However, this handsome self-sufficient, he does not need any neighborhood.
Goldfish and ornamental catfish
Experts say that in this case we can expect quite decent compatibility. Small aquarium catfish (tarakatums or corridors) do not consider “gold” as rivals, they are too calm and slow for this.
An exception can only be ancistrus or catfish-sucker, which hunts at night. Having stuck to a goldfish, this catfish can fairly beat it.
Some experts argue that the proximity to catfish will even be useful for the aquarium biotope, as the "bulls" leave behind a lot of garbage, which can quickly decompose, and the catfish are, by nature, bottom cleaners.
Compatibility of goldfish species
From the point of view of behavior and calmness in a water hostel, in this case there will be no problems.Comets, voilehwosts, shubunkins, wakins, telescopes and richens will live peacefully in a common company.
But here another problem arises: the state of the offspring. Individuals of different subspecies will begin to interbreed with each other and give hybrids. Thus, the breed will be spoiled, and the centuries-old efforts of Eastern breeders will go down the drain. If this process is not stopped, then a rather rapid transformation of goldfish back into ordinary carp will occur.
So, with whom it is better to combine elegant goldfish? There is only one answer, with which all experts agree: with no one. In a species aquarium, goldfish of the same breed will be calm, comfortable and safe.
Flower horn content and care
The size of telescopes varies on average from 15 to 20 cm within the aquarium. They live in captivity for a long time, about 15 years. Fish living in artificial ponds, can live up to 20 years.
Similar to their relatives, goldfish, telescopes get along in cool water, but they are not recommended to be bred for beginners in aquarism. The point is in the vulnerable eyes, which in addition to the large eyeball, they see almost nothing. Its content is not so simple: you have to look for special food, plants and soil that would not damage the pet's tender body.
On the other hand, caring for telescopes is not difficult if you are extremely careful with them. Like other types of goldfish, they are tolerant of changes in the aquatic environment, can live both in the garden pond and in the glass aquarium. Compatibility is possible with slow, peaceful fish that do not take away their food. It is recommended to settle in spacious aquariums at the rate of 50 liters for 1 fish and more than 150 liters for several individuals. The tank should be safe, without a large number of kryag, sharp objects. They use rounded pebbles of medium size or coarse sand as soil - telescopes like to rummage in the ground. It is important that they do not swallow large parts. Soft plants gnaw, hard-leaved plants - a good choice for their "house".
Watch the video, revealing the features of the content of the fish telescope.
In the aquarium, you should install a powerful external filter that will remove numerous wastes after pets. The flow is important to pass through the flute, as we know, telescopes float badly. Choose wide containers with a large surface area - through it there is a constant gas exchange.
Do not forget about updating 1/5 of the water once a week. Permissible water parameters: temperature 20-23 degrees Celsius, hardness - 5-19 o, acidity - 6.0-8.0 pH. Not particularly sensitive to the conditions of detention, but quality care for them involves clean water and the absence of sharp surfaces.
What to feed?
Aquarium telescopes are unpretentious in feeding: they feed on live, frozen and artificial food. You can give granules, artemia, bloodworm, tubule, daphnia. Due to poor eyesight, they do not always notice the food without eating it. When feeding fish with artificial food, it is possible to ensure maximum saturation, as they find food for a long time at the bottom of the tank. And such feed slowly disintegrates and does not rot.
Who can live in captivity?
Telescopes can be called friendly fish that behave adequately in relation to their neighbors. Compatibility is proven with related species of fish: voile tail, shubunkin, oranda, goldfish. Such cold-loving fish, not aggressive, do not leave behind a lot of waste.
Compatibility is negative with Sumatran barbs, ternets, burbusi denison, tetragonopterus. These fish can intimidate them, tear off their fins.
Admire the bright telescopes.
The reproduction of telescopes is possible in an artificial reservoir in the springtime, when the water is warming. As in the reproduction of goldfish, the female and the male telescope are planted for two weeks in separate aquariums, giving live and artificial food. Before settling in spawning, they are satisfied with the fasting day. Spawning occurs in fresh and softer water with a temperature of 23-25 degrees.
The required spawning volume is 50 liters, a separator grid and several stile-leaved plants are placed there. Usually one female and 2-3 males spawn. The female lays many eggs - more than 2000. Incubation lasts 3-4 days. 5 days after spawning, the larvae will hatch, which will swim in a few days if the water temperature is from 21 to 26 degrees Celsius. The fry are weak and helpless, barely noticeable. Starter feed - live dust. Later you can eat artemia and rotifers. Caring for fry requires constant observation in the spawning aquarium - in order to prevent cannibalism between brothers, large fry should be separated and settled separately from smaller ones.
Aquarium fish telescope - the sister of a goldfish
Fish telescope is a type of goldfish. Another name for them is water dragons. A distinctive feature of these fish is their eyes, which are quite large in size, located on the sides. Due to its size and location, the eyes appear bulging. It is because of them that this fish received such an unusual name. Despite the large size of the eyes, the vision of such fish is very poor, and the eyes themselves are often damaged by surrounding objects. Here is a photo of a fish on which it is clearly visible.
The history of the fish
In nature, a fish telescope is not found. Because it belongs to goldfish, and they were bred from a wild crucian. The crucian lives in a lake, a pond, a river, it lives in many bodies of water, and therefore is considered quite common. The basis of its diet are fry, insects, plants.
Initially, goldfish appeared in China, then in Japan, Europe, and only then in America. Based on this, one can guess that China is the birthplace of the telescope.
In Russia, these fish appeared in 1872. Today they are very common.
What does this fish look like?
Although the telescope belongs to goldfish, his body is not at all elongated, but rounded or ovoid. This fish is very similar to the veiltail. Only the latter has no such eyes. Telescopes are owners of a large head, on both sides of which there are large eyes, besides this, the fish has rather large fins.
Today you can meet a telescope of different colors and shapes. Their fins can be long or short. Colors are also quite diverse. The most popular is considered a black telescope. Such fish can be purchased in the store or on the market. However, sometimes they change color, this should be known to the buyer or owner of this fish.
These fish live for about 10 years. If they live in freedom, they can live to 20. Their size varies, and depends on living conditions, as well as on the species. The average size of 10-15 centimeters, sometimes larger, up to 20. But the fish looks like a telescope in the photo.
Low temperatures are not terrible for this fish, they can feel very good even in such situations. Despite the fact that these fish are not picky and do not require any special care, novice aquarists should not get them. This is due to their eyes, because they do not see well, they can not notice the food and starve. Another common problem of telescopes is eye inflammation, because after injuring the mucous membrane, they infect the eye.
In the aquarium, these fish live quite well, but they can survive in the pond. After all, the main thing is the purity of the water, the presence of food and friendly neighbors. The aggressive inhabitants of a pond or aquarium can leave sluggish telescopes hungry, which will inevitably lead them to death.
If you intend to keep them in the aquarium, then you should not get a round version. This is because in such aquariums the sight of the fish deteriorates, and in telescopes it is already very bad. In addition, the fish in the round aquarium can stop growing, this should also be remembered.
Feed telescopes can be:
- Live view feed.
- Ice cream view.
- Artificial view.
It is better, of course, if the basis of nutrition is artificial feed. It is represented mainly by granules. And in addition to the pellets, you can feed with bloodworms, daphnia, artemia, etc. The owners of these fish should take into account the vision of their pets, since in order for this fish to eat and find food, it takes much longer than other inhabitants of the aquarium. I would also like to say that the artificial food slowly disintegrates and does not dig into the ground, so it is he who is given the first place.
Life in an aquarium
For the maintenance of this fish is perfect to purchase a spacious aquarium. However, it must be equipped in a certain way:
- Telescopes produce a lot of waste, so the aquarium should contain a powerful filter, it is better if it is external and powerful enough. A daily water change of at least 20% is required.
- As already mentioned, round aquariums will not work, rectangular will be more convenient and more practical. As for the volume, it will be optimal to 40-50 liters for one fish. From this we can conclude that if the fish are 2, then water will need 80-100 liters.
- As for the soil, it should be either smaller or larger. These fish love to rummage in it, sometimes they can swallow it.
- Can be placed in the aquarium plants or decor. But do not forget about the problem eyes of these fish. Before you decorate and diversify your aquarium, you need to make sure that the fish will not get hurt.
- Water temperature is optimal from 20 to 23 degrees.
The ability of telescope fish to live with other inhabitants of the aquarium
These fish love society. But it is better if this society is like itself. Other species of fish can injure the fins or eyes of telescopes, due to the fact that the latter are slow and practically blind. You can, of course, put to telescopes:
But tertseni, Sumatran barb, tetragonopterus as neighbors do not fit the obsalyutno.
Sex differences and reproduction
Until spawning begins, the girl or the boy does not recognize it. Only during spawning in the female the shape of the body changes, because of the calf contained in it, it becomes round. The male differs only in white bumps on the head.
For healthy offspring, individuals of 3 years are most suitable. Reproduction occurs at the end of spring. In order for the parents themselves do not eat caviar, they must be seated in different aquariums. After spawning has occurred, the female needs to be transferred to the main aquarium.
After 5 days, the larvae will appear from the roe, which do not need to be fed. Feed will need to appear later fry. Fry grow in different ways, so the smaller ones should be planted separately, so that they do not starve, since larger relatives will not allow them to eat fully.
Knowing all the information, to grow and maintain telescope fish is not difficult. But you need to take responsibility for these pets only if you can provide them with optimal and, most importantly, safe living conditions.