Choosing Aquarium Neighbors for Angelfish
Angelfish are peaceful aquarium fish, which in some countries are called "angel fish". As representatives of the Cichlid family, they still possess the predator instinct. Is scalar compatibility with other fish possible? This is a controversial issue, since even schematically acceptable compatibility can end in disrepair for any aquarium fish. If you grow an angelfish with other fish, starting at a young age, they will get along in the future.
The main rule is not to settle them with predatory, fast and aggressive fish and those smaller in size. Who fits in the mouth, those scalar will eat. The compatibility of these aquatic organisms with: catfish, pseudotrophy, danios, petillia, labo and tetras has been proven. We recommend that you familiarize yourself with the species compatibility table, which does not guarantee a peaceful settlement in one aquarium, but gives an idea of who the scalars usually get along with.
Also the maintenance of this fish is permissible with those who will ignore its bright appearance, not to wag the fins. The first time after the launch of the fish in the tank, follow their behavior. If there are quarrels, fights, other forms of rivalry, immediately settle the roommates. Consider buying an additional tank.
Compatibility table: scalar and other types
What species do these pets live in peacefully? In order to avoid mistakes in the settlement, should be considered their compatibility with other fish. As a rule, they are livable with many peaceful species, however there are exceptions to the rules.
Look at the common aquarium with scalar.
Barbusses are small fish that strive to pinch the beautiful fins of any neighbors, be it scalaries or other beauties. Sometimes they live peacefully, but Sumatra barbs, cherry barbs, tiger barbs can constantly wipe beautiful cichlid angels. They demonstrate their superiority, and play catch-up, or hide-and-seek, which leads to stress. No shelter or relocation is indispensable. Barbus even though pretty creatures, but too annoying. In addition to them, even gourami, guppies or labo can become strongly unbelted.
Cichlids from Africa and South America - although they are close relatives of the angelfish, they can show territorial aggression and predatory behavior. Cichlids are single fish, or "family men," not many breeders manage to keep them in peace and harmony with other aquatic creatures. The scalar is uncomfortable with them, so the settlement is possible only with individual compatibility, which is checked at a young age.
The cockerels are good neighbors for small cichlids. Can live by themselves. Male males often conflict with each other than with other fish. One caveat - during spawning, the female and male scalar are aggressive to cockerels, if there is no place to move everyone, arrange additional shelters in the tank.
Somiki corridor - almost all of them live without conflicts and claims, the scalar is also no exception. Somiki live in the lower layers of water, scalars - in the middle. Each other can be ignored without interfering with living and eating.
Danio - if the fish grew together, very well. If danios are settled as new neighbors, they will be taken for food. It will not be possible to eat everyone, they will arrange unpleasant endurance tests, proving their superiority. Danio swims in the upper layers of the water, and the scalar well they get. You can install a lot of undergrowth, shelters, a spacious tank so that everyone hides. For small fish, constant stress is extremely harmful, so take a look at how cichlids react.
Goldfish - so luxurious fish can be maintained with a commensurate Karpov. And with the scalar content is unlikely to be successful. Goldfish live in cool water, and cichlids live in warm water. In addition, goldfish and scalar are incompatible in nature - a more active cichlid will tear off the fins of such a neighbor. And another important factor is that goldfish quickly pollute the water, while cichlids love cleanliness.
Guppies are small ornamental fish. Get used to scalars from a young age. But when matured, cichlids can harm guppies. In adults, the predator instincts wake up, which is extremely unpleasant for guppies - it is small, bright and beautiful. If the question arises - where are the guppies gone? The answer is obvious - they were eaten by scalar.
Can I keep in an aquarium with gourami? Quite, gourami are non-conflict fishes that can stand up for themselves. Rarely, territorial disputes arise between gouras and these cichlids, but they can be avoided if there is space for swimming and shelter for all fish.
Look at the confrontation of gourami and scalar.
Mollies are viviparous fishes of colorful color. Content with cichlids of this species will be successful if they grow together. Sometimes mollies gnaw the scalar fins. Over time, they get used to each other, but in case of prolonged conflicts it is better to keep them separate.
Thorns are small omnivorous fish. Naturally, the scalars will be perceived ambiguously, or rather, as food. According to the conditions of detention each other fit, they eat almost the same food. But terration may be physically affected by the harassment of cichlids. Compatibility can be called relative, because for sure there have been cases where ternation and scalar have gotten along. However, terntions are small hydrobionts, large neighbors are dangerous to them.
Discus - these aquarium fish can be good companions for cichlids. The scalar and discus have similar conditions and diet. Even their body shape is a bit identical - and discus and it is difficult for scalars to collect food from the bottom due to disc-shaped symmetry. Therefore, they and others will be able to eat with a special feeder. The differences between them are discus fish flocks, they feel comfortable in a flock of 5-6 individuals, and the scalars swim in a pair, they love a wide space. Having a large tank for both types will be a big plus.
Compatible with mollusks and crustaceans
Snails are not indifferent to the environment clams. Eat everything they see. This does not apply to fish that attack them themselves. However, due to carelessness, the snails launched into the reservoir ate fish eggs. If there is one, the snail needs to be relocated, at least for a while.
As for crustaceans - crustaceans and shrimps, they and tsikhlovye may well cohabit, phlegmatically ignoring each other. Shrimps and crustaceans will not touch the angelfish, because it is a big fish. But the shrimp themselves are not harmless, they are natural predators. Amano shrimp and Macrobenchium tsikhlidki can not offend, but still watch for a start, what they live together. Also, Amano and Macrobenchium shrimps should be settled with scalars in a common aquarium from a young age. Young tsikhlovy fishes are more livable, than adults.
Aquarium shrimp can attack a sick angelfish - they feel weak, so wounds, scratches on the body of scaly ones are formed through the fault of a small creature. There were precedents that a large shrimp finished off and actually ate the weakened fish. Therefore, watch out for all pets carefully, so that everyone will stay alive and healthy.
If you like scalar, look at the scalp Leopold.
What fish do the angelfish get on with in the aquarium?
To date, the choice of aquarium fish is very large. It all depends on your preferences and financial capabilities. But for a beginner aquarist it is necessary to choose unpretentious fish, with a calm character and good relations with other inhabitants. Many newcomers love the angelfish for their beauty and grace, combined with leisure. However, for the content in the aquarium is not the easiest fish. An important factor is the knowledge - with whom the scalar live well.
Angelfish are a very common type of aquarium fish belonging to the tsikhlovyh family. Almost every amateur - aquarist can see these colorful, very graceful fish. The birthplace of the angelfish is South America, namely, calm, often standing bodies of water with dense vegetation.
In appearance, these are rather large fish, wild individuals have a fairly calm color of silver with black stripes. Their body is flattened in the form of a crescent. The nature of this color and body shape were provided as a defensive reaction: the dark stripes allow you to be invisible among underwater plants, the flat shape allows you to quickly and smoothly maneuver between them.
But the great advantage of this type of fish is that they are rather successfully and multifacetedly modified in the process of selection. So there were leopard, diamond, zebra, marble, gold and many other types of these fish. Their size is very large, about 15 centimeters, but may be more. The life expectancy of an angelfish is up to 10 years, but with good care this period of time can increase significantly.
To feed they are quite unpretentious, they feed on all its varieties. It is better to choose food that does not sink, since the angelfish mostly float near the surface, and will not collect it from the bottom. You need to feed 2-3 times a day. Do not overfeed in any case, as they are prone to obesity. This may lead to the impossibility of reproduction. It is useful even to arrange a fasting day for them once a week.
Another undoubted advantage is the affordable price of scalar, their relative simplicity in content, high probability of reproduction. These fabulously beautiful fish willingly get along with a lot of other representatives of the underwater world.
It should be borne in mind that the scalar is a predatory fish, therefore, almost all small fishes settled to it will be perceived as food. And for larger fish of the predator family, the scalar herself can become an object of hunting. Especially if you take into account its slowness when combined with a calm character. Another point is to move neighbors to these fish better from a young age, if they grow up together, they can coexist peacefully throughout their lives.
List of good neighbors
Let's look at what kind of fish can live with scalars in an aquarium?
- SomicsPractically all get along with these calm and sluggish fishes. Somiks are bottom dwellers, the angelfish simply will not notice them, since they absolutely do not care for the aquarium bottom. These fish live well together in the aquarium.
- CichlidsAlthough they belong to the same species, the ideal symbiosis is not always obtained. It would seem, relatives, what should they share? But the thing is that in contrast to the scalar, other representatives are more nimble and more aggressive. Most often, fights occur because of a place at the trough. There is a high probability of a certain confrontation between stronger fish from different schools in the aquarium.
- Barbusses.Very often it is advised to move the barbs. It is quite justified, they live well together. But there are several points: the temper of the barbs is significantly different, they are more active, they can easily leave scalar without lunch. Also because of their activity, these fish can offend calmer cichlids, and sometimes even manage to bite off their fins. Therefore, when you obselenie need to carefully observe their behavior.
- Gourami.These fish are also quite large in size and, together with the scalars, create a beautiful composition in the general aquarium. But you need to settle them together from the young age, then problems should not arise. Otherwise, you can not count the representatives of both species.
- Danio.It is believed that danios can easily coexist with scalars. Yes, it is possible. But it is possible that in the absence of light, scalaries can easily open up a hunt for them with the purpose of eating. Although danios are not that simple either. If this happens, they develop a reflex, and with the onset of the night the fish in the aquarium hide closer to the bottom.
See how the pink angelfish and danios get along together perfectly.
- PequillyExcellent live in the same aquarium. Angelfish more often than not just notice the representatives of this species. Therefore, these fish will be excellent neighbors.
- The irisFully compatible, when taken into account, if they grow with scalars since childhood. Although sometimes you can miss a pair of iris in an aquarium.
- GuppyWith varieties of guppies, scalars can get along, but they can - not. If they are lodged together with fry, then most likely they will be quite comfortable. But of course, newborn fry will be eaten by angelfish. But it is worth remembering that adult guppies are also sinning this way, so this is not an indicator for separate coexistence in an aquarium.
- NeonsThey can live together, since neons live mainly on the bottom, for cichlids they are invisible, but if they often catch the eye, then these predators can easily get a grudge like very small fish.
- Labo and tetras.It is believed that the union is quite possible if these little fish have grown together.
- Pseudotropheus.In practice, they showed good livability with scalars, but nevertheless there were cases when pseudo-feitas gnawed fins on other fish. So you need to observe their behavior in the aquarium.
Such fish as goldfish, piranhas, discus, and astronotus will not be suitable for scalar neighbors.
In general, it is impossible to claim perfect compatibility with any particular species. It is difficult to give a guarantee on what fish this or that species will live well with. Each fish has its own character, temperament, behavior. Therefore, it is impossible to predict how they will behave in any given situation. When purchasing neighbors to already living individuals for your aquarium, it is better to agree with the store in advance about a possible return if an incompatibility occurs.
Watch closely for the behavior of the fish during the day. Just in case, prepare a place in an additional aquarium or a container with water in order to separate the fighters in time.
Look at the common aquarium with scalar.
Instead of conclusion
Important conditions of detention. If the aquarium is spacious, there are enough secluded places for smaller fish, and the fish feed regularly and balancedly, then there are fewer reasons for aggression, each species simply lives its own life. Try to create the most favorable conditions for the inhabitants of your aquarium. In this case, they will please you, have a positive effect on health and emotional state, prevent the appearance of neurosis and depression, and also help your children to develop.
Angelfish - compatible with other fish
Angelfish - very beautiful and unpretentious fish. Their peculiarity and originality lies in the shape of their body and its variegated colors. These fish are flat and resemble a shaped leaf. For novice aquarists, breeding angelfish is a very suitable option for the first experience. The temperature range that is needed by a scalar is quite large 22-26 ° C. In addition, they normally tolerate lowering the temperature to 18 ° C. You can feed them with moths and dry food. However, the latter must be chosen on the basis of considerations of the structure of the body of the fish. The fact is that it will be extremely difficult, even impossible to eat food from the bottom of the aquarium because of its physiological characteristics. Therefore, you need to choose a feed that would very slowly go down.
Angelfish live quite a long time. Up to 10 years. There are cases when this period has been doubled. The size of the aquarium, you can choose both small and large. However, it should be remembered that the size of the aquarium and depend on the size of the fish, the larger the aquarium, the more the fish grows. However, even a beginner lover of marine fauna is not interested in breeding "living silver" of one species, so the question arises about the compatibility of scalar with other fish.
In general, the angelfish pretty peacefully get along with other inhabitants of the aquarium. However, very often these beautiful fish are victims of aggressive neighbors. First of all fins suffer from such attacks. But sometimes they themselves act as attackers. In order to learn about the compatibility of scalar with other fish, you can use both special literature and your own observation. In any case, this should be done very carefully so as not to cripple all the inhabitants of the aquarium. Alternatively, to determine the compatibility of scalar with other fish, you can use the table. However, there are exceptions to the rule.
Compatibility scalar and barbs
The table indicates that barbs and angelfish have full compatibility. However, there are cases that in practice, the barbs are not very friendly. In a week, beautiful angelfish can turn into plucked refugees. Moreover, attacks can be carried out with enviable regularity. However, there are cases of peaceful coexistence and relative compatibility of the scalar and barbs. Fish show tolerance towards each other.
Compatibility of scalar and neon
Если говорить о совместимости скалярии и неоны, то здесь ситуация может быть с точностью до наоборот. Маленькие неончики живут стайками и базируются в центре аквариума ближе ко дну. Однако иногда вы можете недосчитаться одной пестрой крошечной рыбки, а всему виной будут скалярии. В других случаях скалярии могут флегматично рассекать в верхней части аквариума не обращая ни малейшего внимания на пестрых малышей.
Совместимость гуппи и скалярии
In the issue of compatibility scalar and guppy need to put a fat minus. Since these two species can coexist peacefully only if guppies are still fry. In this case, calm and, as it is believed, shy angelfish will kindly behave towards them. However, as soon as the process of maturing begins, phlegmatic flat fish become guppy hunters. If you want to save the life of adolescents, then urgently drop them into separate apartments.
It should be noted that in life there are always exceptions, despite the scientific evidence that compatible fish can destroy each other, while incompatible people can live in peace and peace in the neighborhood. This is not surprising with people, for example, it happens the same way.
Angelfish. Compatible with other types of fish
Aquarium fish angelfish pretty peaceful. It is very simple to distinguish them among other residents of a home mini pond. Due to elongated fins (anal and dorsal), they possess a flat triangular-shaped body. Light scales, decorated with transverse dark stripes - these are the main signs of the scalar. The compatibility of these fish with other species depends mainly on the volume of the aquarium and the number of plants it contains. In order not to be cramped, they need a lot of space.
Angelfish. Compatible with different types of fish
It should be noted that during the period of spawning, these aquatic animals become very quarrelsome and fearful. However, they can easily be in the same aquarium with other non-aggressive breeds. The best of their neighbors can be antsitrusy, corridors, large neons, algae, tetras. And discus will even help protect them from overeating. Angelfish, the compatibility of which must be taken into account when filling a home pond, do not get along with cichlids, telescopes, amphibians, tetraodons, stingrays. It is not recommended to keep them together with aggressive fish species, for example, such as the Sumatran barbus. Angelfish, the compatibility of which with other species largely depends on the volume of the aquarium, occupy a certain territory and do not allow other fish to live on it. Perfectly coexist individuals of the same age and color. The young stock, placed in an aquarium to a more adult generation, may even be left without food.
Today, many individuals of this breed are known, distinguished by a different and original color:
- marble, the scales of which are decorated with strokes and black specks;
- gold - their body has a golden color with a pinkish tinge;
- zebra-like scalars have a large number of vertical black stripes;
- the plumes are distinguished by long fins, fluttering when moving;
- black (fish scales have a black velvet color);
- marble gold.
Sexual maturity of individuals of this species is reached by ten to twelve months. At this age couples begin to form. It is very easy to notice them. As a rule, male and female swim constantly one after another. To stimulate the breeding process, the temperature in the aquarium is recommended to increase to 27 - 29 degrees. In addition to dry, you should include frozen live food in your daily diet. Three or four times a week you need to change the water. During spawning, the female lays eggs. To fertilize them, the male is constantly nearby. This process can last up to three hours. After fertilization, it is recommended to gently move the eggs to the pre-prepared jig. The water in it should be changed daily and disinfected by special means. The best temperature is 27 degrees. A lamp with a dim light should be placed near the aquarium. Dead white eggs should be periodically removed from the bottom with a syringe. It is important to ensure that the fry do not get off in the corners of the aquarium. On the seventh day, the fish begin to feed. From now on, the water level should be raised, and a small filter and a floating plant should be placed. After a couple of weeks, the young can be released into a large aquarium.
Scalar compatible fish: angelfish, cichlids
Alas, now the time has come when, despite the help of the omnipotent Internet, there are still problems with obtaining true information. And even the compatibility tables posted on the Web, which were compiled by zoologists, sometimes turn out to be not quite correct. But even a small miscalculation in the data would entail the death of innocent fish.
In particular, a lot of erroneous data on compatibility of scalar is in the tables, where their compatibility with other fish is considered. Looking at such materials, one has to be guided in the choice of fish by his own practice.
So, what is the psychological portrait of a scalar? This is a large graceful fish, which often turns out to be very kind and peaceful in nature. Angelfish is not something that other fish, but even the plants do not bite. But it would be too easy if the scalar behaved the same way. Because they have developed intelligence, their actions are often not without motivation. I bit the Sumatran barb for the fin - so this fish had offended her earlier. Ate fry or neon? Hence, the owner gives little food, or the predatory instincts leapt. Often the fish chase around the aquarium of their own species.
Scalar compatible fish
A good union will turn out, if you addicted to catfish scalars in the aquarium.
Angelfish and pecillia are absolutely compatible: their relationship to each other can be called phlegmatic - these fish do not even try to show interest in each other.
They will live peacefully with the iris, if they grew up from childhood - otherwise from time to time these babies will disappear in the aquarium.
Angelfish and labo live amicably, but it is better not to keep more than one labo in the aquarium: the strongest will surely touch and offend the steel ones. And among themselves, these fish can fight so fiercely that only fins will fly in all directions!
Who are the scalar compatible with, besides those listed above? Perhaps, with the swordtails, but once in a while it is not necessary: sometimes these beautiful fish do not give the scalars a step to step - they bite, push, pull the lower fins.
Who are the scalar incompatible with?
With cockerels. Absolutely. Too aggressive fish can offend peaceful skalyarok, pull them by the tails and fins.
African cichlids - such as the princesses of Burundi - are aggressively opposed to scalar: they can be bullied or not allowed to receive food.
Thus, before acquiring small fish, believing the data in the table, you need to verify the information received with other breeders. The data presented in the article were obtained from the forums of aquarists who, from their own experience, know who the scalar get along with, and who do not.
Who do parrots get along with?
Parrot fish, or red parrot (Red Parrot) - a representative of the Cichlow family. It is a hybrid of aquarium fish, which appeared as a result of the selection of two representatives of Tsichlids. In 1991, the fish became the property of the first aquariums. Its production has increased, with time it received the name "red parrot".
The history of creating a hybrid carefully classified, however, this applies to many fish, artificially bred. There is a version that the Red Parrot is a descendant of several South American Cichlovas, as a result of triple crossing. Asian breeders strictly protect the right to the maintenance of this fish. The red parrot can interbreed and bring offspring, but very few people managed to see their eggs.
Aquarium parrot fish has an unusual body color. Thanks to him, she is popular among breeders and lovers. All the pet shops and aquariums in the world do not deny themselves the pleasure of settling this wonderful creature. In Russia, a red parrot appeared in the 90s of the twentieth century.
The red parrot is one of the most popular tsikhlovyh. Why he got this name is unknown. Most likely, such a name appeared because of the unusual shape of the head, resembling the beak of a parrot and because of the bright color of the body. As a hybrid offspring, it has a certain anatomical deviation - it opens its mouth vertically only at a small angle, so grabbing food sometimes causes difficulties.
Fish coloring is artificial, although sellers are not always ready to admit it. How does the saturation of color, no one tells. Rumor has it that Western breeders recommend banning its production. Despite all the prohibitions and prejudices, this creature was loved by many aquarium owners.
See how a parrot swims in an aquarium.
The red parrot is a peaceful and unpretentious creature. In an aquarium, it can grow up to 15 cm in length. A beginner aquarist can keep it apart from all other fish, as well as with other fish. Although she is an “artificial” child, even such a fish has good health, strong endurance and vigor. In captivity lives 10 years.
When buying parrot fish, you can choose any body color: red, purple, yellow, blue, green or orange. Sometimes there are "exotic" colors resembling the color of tsihlazom and cancer. With age, the color of the parrots fades, so you should add food with keratin to the diet, contributing to the saturation of body color.
How to keep red parrots in an aquarium
Aquarium parrot fish can live in a water tank, both separately and with other fish. Compatibility with the rest of the underwater world has been studied in detail, so you should remember only the general parameters of water for all, the conditions of feeding and the list of fish with which it will peacefully coexist.
Red parrots are funny, playful, moving fish, there should be enough space in the dwelling for movement. Choose an aquarium of at least 200 liters for one individual. If you are going to push neighbors to them, then you can choose a container with a volume of 800 liters. Create an undercurrent, it is familiar to all tsikhlovyh.
Water parameters for all residents of the general aquarium should be as follows: temperature 22-26 degrees, acidity 6.5-7.6 pH, dH 6-15. Water is recommended to saturate with oxygen, aeration is important. Replace ½ part water with fresh water weekly. The red parrot must live in a spacious aquarium, because of its jumping ability, it may inadvertently jump out of the water, close the tank with a lid.
Aquarium plants are not required in large quantities, but if they are, then keep in mind that many twisted nests will appear in the water.
Check out the recommendations on the compatibility of parrots with other fish.
By launching an adult into a prepared water tank, she will hide for fear in a shelter for several weeks, and will eventually get used to the new house and neighbors. It is curious that the young fish poorly adapts to the parrots, with whom it did not grow together. Immediately get 4-6 fry that are already "familiar."
Due to the calm nature of the fish can live in water with medium fish. Compatibility is likely with predators and peace-loving species.
It’s better not to settle with small species (guppies, neons, microassemblies, danios, catfish) - the red parrot will swallow them. Recommendations for settling parrots with other fish in the common nursery:
- The best neighbors for parrot fish are labo, arovanas, black knives, South American cichlids, medium catfish, large barbs, fish of the Kharatsin family.
- Do not move them with fish that constantly require shelter.
- Move active, fast-swimming fish with them.
- Do not move shrimps and small crustaceans with them.
- Optimal shelters for all fish in a common container - large coconut grottoes, dense algae, medium pebbles and stone caves.
- In order to avoid the disease of all fish, constantly maintain the purity of the aquarium and monitor the water parameters.
- The red parrot swims in the lower layers of water, during the spawning period the males become more aggressive, so choose fish swimming in the upper layers of the aquarium as cohabitants.
- Do not settle snails with them - they gnaw through the shell, swallowing the fragments.
What to feed parrots
Red parrots are very voracious fish, they eat almost everything that the owner will give. Small fish are swallowed, the algae gnaw ... What to feed to satisfy their appetite? Living in a tank with fish, instantly taken away from those food. Ideal food - bloodworm, koretra, meat, floating pellets, fish and shrimp.
Pet shops sell feeds for cichlids, live food can be alternated with it. Due to excessive overeating, the animal may die, so feed it in moderate portions.
Disputes continue to this day as far as compatibility of parrots with scalars is possible, as there have been cases of attacks on these fish and peaceful coexistence. Angelfish prefer to hide in algae, and parrots love to feel their plates, inadvertently damaging the fish. Once "tasted" by the scalar, this creature will not stop, and will touch the rest.
There were examples when parrots got along in the redistribution of one "communal apartment", but its volume should be at least 200 liters. During spawning of fish, parrots drive the angelfish into the far corner, holding them there. Since the angelfish are slow, the parrots can bite off their fins. If you have no other choice but to settle them together, then build comfortable shelters for everyone.
For parrots fit fish fast, similar sizes. If you follow all the recommendations, your aquarium will turn into a friendly nursery, life in which will become a real idyll for each fish.
See also: Cichlids - rules of keeping in home aquariums
Angelfish: content in an aquarium
The floating crescent, winged leaf, or angelfish rightly takes the place of one of the favorite fish of many breeders, perhaps due to its unusual body shape and soft, but diverse and beautiful colors, and possibly due to its active behavior and livable character. This fish is quite capricious and demanding to the conditions of detention, especially with regard to the purity of the water and the quality of food. Therefore, if you decide to settle it in your pond, then you need to thoroughly prepare for it.
Scalar in nature
In their natural habitat, small rivers in South America were chosen for life with a weak current and abundant plants, quiet reed-covered bays, coastal waters, tributaries of the Amazon and Orinoco.
What does a scalar look like?
These cichlids have a high (up to 26 cm) and short (up to 15 cm) disk-like body. The dorsal and anal fins are very elongated, so that the body of the fish resembles a crescent. Pectoral fins filiform. They, like the tail ones, are sharpened to the ends. Males are less fat than females and have a large forehead.
The traditional coloring scalar silver with black vertical stripes. As a rule, there are four of them: the first passes through the eye, the last through the caudal stem, and the two intermediate ones pass through the body. The spine is darker than the belly. Due to intensive breeding work, the color of the fish can not only vary from greenish-gray to silvery-olive, but also be black, marble, golden, smoky, green, two- and even three-colored. The voile forms of these perciformes are popular.
Modern crescents have three main varieties:
- Pterophyllum scalare.
- Pterophyllum altum is a large (up to 20 cm) and high (up to 40 cm) fish.
- Pterophyllum leopoldi, or humpbacked scalar. Its length in captivity does not exceed 10 cm.
Angelfish are gregarious fish, they cannot stand loneliness at all and are distinguished by their loyalty to their partner. Therefore, it is better to keep them in small groups of 4-6 pieces. In the group there is a strict hierarchy: the best angle goes to the largest pair, a smaller pair - the conditions are worse, single fish are exiles and access to the feed is received last. And if such a renegade is to be resettled, then another individual or even the weakest pair will instantly take his place. To solve the problem, you need to increase either the aquarium or the number of the pack.
Another feature of the angelfish is fearfulness. If you unexpectedly knock or suddenly turn on the light, the fish may experience a strong fright or even a loss of color.
How to create perfect conditions?
Aquarium. Since some individuals can grow quite large, then the aquarium will need a lot. For example, for two pairs of medium-sized fish, it is better to take a 60-liter container, no less. Moreover, the width of the vessel does not play a big role, but the height of the aquarium should not be less than 45 cm.
Temperature. Some sources indicate that scalar can live successfully in the temperature range from 16 to 35 degrees. However, we would not advise you to experiment like this, it is a big risk to undermine the health of your pets. The optimum temperature is 23-26 ° C. Acidity should be maintained at 6.5-7.4, and the rigidity - 18.
Water. Prerequisite - clean water. To ensure it, you need to install a good (bottom or canister) filter, replace a fifth of the water weekly and wash the aquarium itself at least once every 2 months. We add that the filter should be without a violent ejection of water, as the angelfish do not like a strong flow.
Lighting should be bright, but without a sharp change of day and night.
Vegetation. Аквариум рекомендуется густо засадить растениями, предусмотрев пространство для плавания. Можно использовать и поверхностные растения. Они будут приглушать излишнее освещение и создавать у рыб чувство защищенности.
Priming. В качестве грунта хорошо использовать крупный песок, мелкий гравий. Скалярии не имеют привычки перекапывать его.
Registration. Housing can be decorated with snags, decorative rocks and stone gorges. Caves and shaded areas will serve as shelters. The main principle of selection is safety. There should be no sharp corners.
What to feed the scalar?
There are no special requirements here, as long as the food is of high quality. These cichlids willingly eat a live bloodworm, cortex, daphnia. You can give dry, granulated feed and flakes. They love to eat algae and pieces of leaves of underwater plants. The menu can be diversified due to minced seafood, ground mussels and shrimp.
It is advisable to equip the feeding place with a special feeder, since, due to the shape of the body, the scalar cannot take food from the bottom.These fish are prone to overeating, so you need to control portion sizes. Here is the rule: it is better to underfeed than to feed. Sometimes you can observe a gratuitous refusal of food, but you should not worry. After a maximum of a week, everything will return to normal.
In general, the angelfish are amazing fish in both appearance and behavior. And the one who decides to start this beautiful crescent should know: the main thing is to prepare for this event, and then the content of the fish will not disappoint you!