Compatibility ternii fish
Ternetia has a rather original diamond shape. The features of these fish also include the presence of two fins on the back. One fin, which is closer to the tail, is adipose, as it does not have hard rays. The tail fin of the fork-like tetra.
The most unusual is the ventral fin, which stretches to the base of the tail. On the outside, a black tetra can reach a body length of up to six centimeters. In captivity, thorns very rarely grow to five centimeters. There are several breeding forms in the world that have elongated voile fins. There are also color variations, but there is an opinion that it was not without special gene modifiers.
Ternation usually lives up to 4 years. The black tetra is a fish that prefers to live in packs. For ten individuals need an aquarium, the volume of which must be at least 50 liters. Ternesia does not tolerate loneliness. If she is left alone, she becomes overly aggressive. A flock of these beautiful creatures can be kept with other species that are also peaceful.
Black tetras fight only between individuals of their own species, they are usually harmless, but sometimes it happens that they damage each other's fins. Also experienced aquarists do not recommend containing terntions along with some slow-moving fish, because when feeding fast tetras will not allow them to eat, slow-moving fish will simply starve. If the conditions of detention have worsened, the terntions will begin to change color and become completely pale.
For a mixed aquarium, ternets are ideal. They have poor compatibility with fish living with them in the same aquarium, which have a small size or large fins compared to the tetra, as it will constantly bite them. Therefore, perfectly suited for the joint content of guppies, swordtails, petilia.
For peaceful coexistence, it is also necessary to acquire a large aquarium so that the terntions can retire, hiding in the vegetation. If you be attentive and keep black tetras in comfortable conditions, she will live peacefully and please the eye for a long time.
Black and White Terns - Content Rules
Black tetra, thorny (lat. Gymnocorymbus ternetzi) is also known as "black widow tetra" - it is a small freshwater fish of the Haracine family. Confusion often occurs because it is not the only fish known as "tertion". She has a "cousin" brother, Gymnocorymbus thayeri, who is also called "tertion".
Gymnocorymbus thayeri is a shy fish and not as hardy as a "black widow." In addition, there are other color forms with a beautiful appearance. These include white terns and colored tetra (caramel). The black tetra Gymnocorymbus ternetzi was described by Bulenger at the end of the 19th century. This fish is found in South America: in the rivers of Paraguay, where it lives in the upper layers of water.
Description. Content policy
Ternesia has a deep rich color and a compressed body. This fish reaches the size of 5.5 cm in the home aquarium. Life expectancy from 6 to 7 years. It is distinguished by two vertical stripes, and well-developed dorsal and anal fins. During puberty, the saturated black lines on the body fade. The body is diamond-shaped, with a silvery sheen.
Black ternation is easy to maintain, perfectly adapts to changes in water parameters, and is an excellent decoration of the general aquarium. This aquarium fish is omnivorous. In the wild, black tetras feed on worms, small crustaceans and insects, but in captivity they usually eat varieties of live, fresh, and branded products. Crank, Artemia, Cyclops they also love.
See how to keep black thorny in your home aquarium.
Since they are active swimmers, the ternation must inhabit a reservoir of 50 liters per individual. They love soft, peat-filtered water. Fish prefers vegetation cover and dark gravel as a substrate. As plants, you can choose Javanese moss, cryptocoryne, echinodorus. She also needs an open area to swim freely. Aquarium should be closed with a lid, because this fish jumps well.
The content of the black tetra is possible only in pure water. An aquarium is a closed system that requires meticulous care. Over time, organic substances decompose, nitrates and phosphates accumulate, increasing the water hardness. Therefore, water should be replaced regularly (25% of the total) once a week. Aeration and filtration are required.
Lighting in the aquarium: moderate
Temperature: 21 to 26 ° C
Dilution temperature: 27 to 29 ° C
PH range: 6.0-8.0
Stiffness range: 3-30 dgH
Salinity: does not like salted water
Water flow: moderate
Swimming area: this fish will swim in all layers of water.
Ternesia is an active fish, and can be aggressive to the tail and small fish. Not recommended content alone. In large groups, optimal compatibility. Each fish will focus on each other, and not on smaller fish. Compatibility in the general aquarium is possible with fish of similar sizes. With age they become calmer. Ternetia gets along well with the majority of viviparous, danios, rassori, other tetras, the peaceful inhabitants of water bodies, as well as some dwarf cichlids.
Like most aquarium fish, tetra is prone to scale diseases, parasitic invasions (protozoa, worms, etc.), ichthyoftorosis, and bacterial infections (common). The black tetra is extremely hardy, and the disease does not appear if you provide quality aquarium maintenance and care. Remember that raw soil and scenery, new fish can be a source of disease. Make sure that all new fish have passed quarantine, and that the water balance in the aquarium is not disturbed.
Sex differences. Breeding
The male's dorsal fin is more narrowed and longer than that of the female. Mature female is more rounded than male. The aquarium ternetia was bred in captivity, various color forms appeared later, and they have lush fins. Perfect for beginners aquarists who decided to breed fish.
Look at the spawn spawn.
For breeding to be successful, females must dwell separately from males for 7 to 10 days before spawning. You need to feed them with live foods frozen. Then they can be run into a 40-liter tank, where a sponge filter and aeration compressor should be installed. Water temperature in spawning, stimulating reproduction: from 27 to 30 degrees Celsius. Neutral acidity, water hardness below 15 dH. In the tank you can put Javanese moss, which will serve as a substrate for caviar. The separator net is also suitable, but the caviar must pass through without any damage.
Breeding will begin when the males start chasing. The female will set aside from 500 eggs for 2-3 hours. After successful laying, manufacturers must be removed so that they do not eat caviar. All unfertilized eggs should be promptly removed so that they do not become covered with fungus. The larvae will hatch in 18-36 hours, and the fry will swim in a few more days.
Maintenance and care of the fry: to feed with infusoria during the first days of life. Later, you can give a micro-worm and nauplii Artemia. The biggest problem is that the fry are prone to starvation if they cannot find a source of food in a dark reservoir in a timely manner. Give the fry a lot of light, day and night, until they are big enough. Then they will be able to eat the newly hatched Artemia.
Ternesia is a fish from the family of haracins from the South American continent, also known as the black tetra or the mourning tetra. This fish has become popular all over the world due to its subtle beauty and fertility. Compatibility with a large assortment of fish in the aquarium and simple breeding are also the reason for its widespread celebrity.
Scientific experiments conducted on ternenii, served to the removal of genetically modified individuals that can shine under ultraviolet light. Fragments of jellyfish or red coral DNA were inserted into their DNA, as a result of which their color became multi-colored.
These types include termination caramel or multicolor. Coloring injections are given to albino fish forms, giving them bright iridescent shades of gold, pink, green or blue. Multicolor termination is capable of breeding quite healthy offspring, like other transgenic forms of these fish.
Ternesia looks very effective. The body shape is flat and rhomboid, flattened on the sides. On the back there are 2 fins, one of which is fat and does not have hard rays. The anal fin is fork-like, and the ventral stretches to the very tail, resembling a fan or skirt. In size, aquarium fish reaches 4-6 cm.
Looking at this fish, it seems that it is painted with magic silver colors with a greenish shimmer on the back, and 3 transverse stripes are painted against the background of the body. One band crosses the eye, which has a yellow iris, the second is located behind the gill cover, and the third passes from the edge of the dorsal fin to half of the body.
Young individuals are painted more brightly in silver color, and in adults there are clearly pronounced dark stripes. Males are smaller and slimmer than females, the edge of the tail fin is outlined with white edging. Terrestinia can change color when frightened or the deterioration of their conditions of detention. The life of a black tetra is 3-4 years.
Care in the aquarium
Thorns is a peace-loving and schooling fish, unable to bear the loneliness, from which it becomes aggressive. The content of ternation is not particularly difficult. It is recommended to keep fish in a closed aquarium of 30-40 liters for 5-7 termination. For soil suitable river sand, pebbles and fine gravel. The darker the substrate, the brighter the fish will look on its background.
Plants should not block the space, so it is better to choose small-leaved, planting them bushes. A good combination will be with Javanese moss, Echinodorus, hygrophilic, cryptocoryne. Water temperature is 21-24 ° С, hardness is 7-8 °, acidity is 6.5-7, filtration is important. The lighting should be dim, otherwise the black tetra will look pale. The fish is sensitive to lack of oxygen, therefore, artificial aeration and water replacement 1/5 part weekly is necessary.
Because of the special physical structure of the mouth, it is difficult for small fish to take food from the bottom, so a special feeder is installed for them. These fish are unpretentious in food, they feed on any food, vegetable, combined, dry food will be suitable for adult fish. Cyclops, daphnia, rotifers, pipe creeper, small bloodworm, and corret are suitable as live food.
Ternets float on all water levels and are very mobile. In a spacious container it is kept on the territory without thickets, and in a small aquarium it takes shelter in plants. For decoration snags, stones and caves are appropriate.
Dilution of terntions at home is not difficult. Black tetras are quite prolific creatures, they have a pair spawning, although pack spawning is often practiced. The reproduction of ternations requires a separate spawning area of 30 liters, preferably oblong. The bottom is covered with small-leaved plants and a kapron net to avoid eating the eggs by the parents.
Spawning occurs rapidly, the water parameters change: hardness up to 4 °, temperature 25-26 ° С, acidity 7. A week before spawning, it is recommended that the male and female be kept separate. Spawning occurs as follows: first, the male is planted in the tank, and the female is placed in a few hours later. During this period, you need to feed them with bloodworms.
The spawning itself takes place on days 3-6, when the female will pick up enough eggs, and the male will milk. The male chases the female for 2-3 hours, after which spawning begins. Females lay from 1000 eggs, at the end of the producers it is necessary to plant.
Termination larvae hatch in about a day, and after 3-5 days the fry begin to swim and take food. Infusoria, Nauplii Artemia are well suited. Puberty of terntions occurs by 6-8 months.
Neighborhood in the aquarium
Peaceful behavior black tetra and compatibility with many fish is great for a mixed aquarium. Good compatibility with terns for gourami, swordtails, cardinals, petilias, catfish, discus, scalar.
Unfavorable compatibility with cichlids, barbs and other aggressive species. Smaller species can hurt their voile fins, and the crested itself can bite fish larger than itself.
Ternets are quite resistant to diseases, but parasites must be avoided in the aquarium. To maintain hygiene, it is recommended that new fish and plants be quarantined for at least 3 weeks.
A decrease in the acidity of water can lead to acidosis, and an untimely change of water increases the concentration of ammonia, which leads to disease of acetamia.
In any case, it is possible to understand the health of the fish by changing its external signs, to accurately determine the disease it is necessary to diagnose it. Self-treatment of the disease is carried out by standard means as for other fish: by raising the temperature to 30 ° C and by salt baths.
Common ternetia, and even more voiley, will look presentable in any aquarium and will decorate it with its presence. Even the most beginner aquarists can cope with the content of the black tetra, especially considering its compatibility with many other aquarium inhabitants. Her smooth movements and modest temper, not to mention the attractive prettiness, will deliver a truly aesthetic pleasure to the owner.
Type of aquarium fish and compatibility of different species (table)
Getting a pet store, the newcomer is just lost - so many fish, they all like it in their own way, I want to settle in the new aquarium as many handsome men as possible. But the choice of neighbors has its own subtleties. Let's consider how aquarium fish are compatible with each other.
The species compatibility table clearly shows which animals are fully compatible with each other, incompatible, or partially compatible under certain conditions. Consider the principles on which the table is built.
- Conditions should be well suited for all inhabitants of the aquarium.
- You can not put together a predator and prey.
- Type of aquarium fish with a calm and sluggish nature should not coexist with fast and active fish. They'll starve and get stressed.
- The inhabitants of the aquarium should be proportionate. Even the most peaceful fish will eat everyone who fits into her mouth.
- Some fish show aggression and can attack both neighbors and members of their own species. It is necessary to take into account the particular behavior.
- One type of aquarium fish can not live without a flock of their own kind, the other - without a pair, and the third prefers loneliness. This should not be forgotten if you want to avoid fights or stress.
So, consider what types of aquarium fish are, some aspects of their content and compatibility. In one article it is impossible to describe all types of fish, so we will focus on the most popular representatives and the general characteristics of groups.
Apistogram dwarf cichlids are popular species of aquarium fish. Photos show that these little fish look like bright tropical butterflies. Apistograms do not need a large amount of aquarium, plants do not damage and are quite calm. They can be kept with other peaceful fish - sword-bearers, patzilia, guppies, mollies, neons, rassets, tetras, small catfish, barbs. But small shrimp will be happy to eat even dwarf cichlids. Males apistogramm in a small aquarium will be aggressive to each other, so you can keep a couple or a harem.
Another popular type of aquarium fish is the scalar. These fish are also thermophilic, do not destroy plants. But they will eat up all the small neighbors (neon, rasbor), and the aggressive fish will cut off their beautiful long fins (crests, denison, many types of barbs). For these reasons, the list of neighbors is small - unhurried gourami, mollies, petilles, cherry barbs, some soma.
The kings of the freshwater aquarium - the discus - are very demanding to the conditions and nutrition of the fish. In addition, the preferred high temperature - 28-31 ° C. Far from all plants and animals can withstand such heat. They are compatible with discus: catfish tarakatum, clown combat, Ramirezi's apistogram, red-bearing tetra, red neons. Discus gentle fish, prone to stress and various diseases, so it is better to abandon any neighbors.
As for other types of cichlids, such as the parrot, handsome chromis, labidochromis ellou, black-striped cichlid, astronotus and others, it is difficult to pick up the neighbors. These fish are territorial, aggressive, they need shelter. They dig the ground, pull out all the plants. Two males in a small volume will constantly conflict, so you can keep them in pairs or harems, with other active fish, able to stand up for themselves. They are compatible only with other cichlids, and because of intraspecific aggression, it is better to choose neighbors with a different color.
That viviparous most often become the first pets beginners. Sword-bearers, mollies, platies, aquarium guppy fish.All types of viviparous are unpretentious in content, not aggressive, easily get along with other types of peaceful fish. In addition, a huge number of varieties and colors viviparous. More than 80 species of guppies, dozens of species of placiums, mollies, swordtails differ not only in coloring, but also in the shape of the body and fins.
Of course, in the content of viviparous there are some subtleties. Males of swordtails can be aggressive, therefore they do not recommend settling several males in one aquarium. And guppies can provoke barbs, thorns, angelfish, some gourams with their bright long tails.
Guppies - the smallest of viviparous, but larger molly, placium and swordfish can be settled with scalars, gourami, barbs. Neon, rasbora, cardinals, tarakatum, speckled catfish, corridors will be good neighbors for all.
Suitable for beginners and labyrinth aquarium fish. Species of these fish are remarkable in that they need atmospheric air for breathing. Some labyrinths are pretty jumping, so the aquarium should be covered with a lid, but with an obligatory gap. In the aquarium should be a lot of plants and shelters.
Males of males and macropods are very aggressive towards other males of their own species, therefore they need to be maintained by a harem. Conflicts between males will be with gourami, lyalius. They need a spacious aquarium and several females. All types of labyrinth females also need shelter in order to hide from harassment during spawning.
Despite the intraspecific aggression, the labyrinths get along well with other peaceful fish - swordtails, petillia, mollies, neons, rassets, zebrafish, cherry barbs, antsistrus, cardinals, speckled catfish. You can not settle with fish that love to tear off fins - barbs and ternitsemi.
It is not easy even to list all the types and names of aquarium fish of the Haracin family. They are quite different from each other - this is the well-known neon, tetra, and Khujet's rare pikes, predatory piranhas, flying blazer-belly, and huge black pacu.
Tetras, phantoms, congos, ternas are very active, peaceful fish of medium and small size. They live in flocks, so do not purchase less than 7-10 individuals. Black neighbors, tarakatums, lyalius, speckled catfish, danios, cardinals, viviparous can be neighbors for them. Some tetras like to tear off other fins to other fish, so they need to be carefully kept with their tail fin.
Black, red and blue neons are peaceful little fishes. They need to settle with a flock of 15 individuals. Because of their small size, large fish are dangerous for neons, it is better to give preference to smaller and non-predatory neighbors - rasboram, small haratsinovym, apistogramma, clipped belly, viviparous, cardinals, iris, barbs.
Botsiya-clown, tiger and marble combat - large and very active fish. They prefer to live in a flock of 5 individuals. Get along well with other peaceful fish of medium and large sizes. They can tear off the veil fins. They eat plants and snails.
Botsi stay mostly at the bottom, occasionally rising in the middle layers of water. Therefore, it is better to supplement their company with fish that live in the upper layers. Good neighbors for fighting can be barbs, angelfish, danios, gourami, viviparous, rasbor, iris, labo, tetra.
Cherry barb is the most peaceful type of aquarium fish among its relatives. It will easily get along with small fish, but large and predatory neighbors can easily offend him. They contain a barb by a flock of 5 individuals, in the company of neons, rasbor, cardinals, danios, corridors.
As for the other types of barbs - Sumatran, fire, mutants, they are known as hooligans and bullies. Active fish that will not be offended will approach them as neighbors - danio rerio, ternets, congas, tetras, tarakatums, speckled catfish, cardinals. Fish that have long fins that will annoy barbecues - goslings, hyalus, will not work.
Danio - active small aquarium fish. Compatibility of species - the table shows that due to its size and peaceful nature, danios get along well with many fish. To keep them you need flocks of at least 5 individuals.
The list of good neighbors for danios is really extensive - viviparous, cockerels, angelfish, gourami, fighters, iris, rasbor, labo, tetra. All peaceful fish of small and medium size, which will not offend danios, are suitable.
Labo bicolor is often recommended as a calm fish for a common aquarium. But it is not. The young labo will be shy and shy, but an adult will begin to protect its territory and attack fish that resemble their relatives. Several laboos will invariably conflict. Fast fish that live in the upper layers of water - danios, thorns, barbs, can live with him. Green Labo will also be able to temper his aggressiveness if he has his own territory and shelter, which he will defend.
It occurs in our zoomagin and black labo. This fish does not tolerate their relatives, aggressive and territorial. It grows up to 80 cm in length and needs a large volume aquarium. It can live with large fish, for example, with the red-tailed catfish. But conflicts are not excluded.
Another pets for beginners - goldfish. Aquarium species of these fish are very common. If you look at the compatibility table, the line devoted to goldfish will be completely filled with red, with a few yellow areas, just like many cichlids. But if cichlids are aggressive, then goldfish often become victims themselves. Goldfish are large, and little things like rasbor and neon, they gradually eat. And the other inhabitants of the aquarium themselves can offend the slow and delicate little crowns with long fins.
Golden fish is best to settle with their own kind, there are enough interesting varieties of this breed. It should not be forgotten that if you want to get offspring, then you cannot keep different species together. Who do goldfish can get along with? Aquarium species of calm catfish - the Tarakatum, fighting-clowns, corridors, peaceful tetras - Congas, terntions and calm danios will be fine. There are also examples of successful cohabitation of gold with neons, scalars, viviparous, but we must remember that any neighborhood of goldfish with other species may result in conflicts and death of the inhabitants of the aquarium.
The bottom is occupied by aquarium fish - catfish. Types of catfish are very diverse, they differ both in size and behavior. Consider the most common.
Shy platydoras will surely eat all the fish that fit into his mouth. Therefore, it can only be maintained with large fish, for example, cichlids.
Most often in an aquarium live ancistrus. Several antsistrusov can be kept only under the condition of a large aquarium, these fish are territorial. But to other species they are not aggressive, and very few people touch them either.
The corridors are another popular catfish species. They are kept in a group of at least 3 individuals, if they are eaten by space - 10-15. Fish are peaceful, but their large fish can eat. Ideal neighbors for corridors are tetras, rasbaras, danios, viviparins, dwarf cichlids. They do not like water with a temperature above 25 degrees, so it is not suitable for content with thermophilic species.
Tarakatum has a peace-loving nature and can coexist with peaceful fish and even with other catfish.
Red-tailed catfish can often be seen in pet stores, but this fish is not suitable for a common aquarium, as it grows very large - up to a meter, and simply eat all the inhabitants. It can live with commensurate fish, but the aquarium for a group of such large fish must be very large - from 1000 liters.
Glass catfish is well suited for a general aquarium, it can live with commensurate and small fish - neon, ramming, small gurus, Ramirezi apistogram, catfish. Large fish are dangerous for this peaceful catfish.
Pterigoplichts grow large, so neighbors must be matched - large cichlids, giant gourami, fish knives, polypteruses.
One of the schooling fish that are perfectly accustomed to aquarium glass - ternii. They were first described in 1895 by a Belgian-British zoologist. To see these fish in the wild, you need to go to Brazil or Paraguay. But at home, the fish of this species can contain everyone.
The fish have a rather original body shape, resembling a rhombus. In this case, the body is flattened from the sides, and the tail is very lush and resembles a lady's fan.
While the fish is young, black stripes are barely visible on its silvery body. But when she reaches puberty, the black stripes become perfectly distinguishable. The life span of an animal is three years. In good conditions, the termination can live to four years.
These fish breed by throwing caviar. To carry out the process of fertilization and subsequent reproduction in the home, you need to take a couple of producers. Thorns is a prolific fish.
Males are usually slimmer than females and smaller, they have a brighter body color (especially in the tail zone). However, often the fins of the male have a white rim. A week before the proposed spawning of the male and female, it is better to separate them. A vessel with a volume of thirty liters will be an excellent breeding ground. The bottom should be oblong and covered with plants. Fish ternation: reproduction should occur in water with a temperature of 24-26 degrees. First, the female should be let into the water, and after a couple of hours - the male.
Spawning starts next morning. To speed up the process, you can put the vessel under artificial lighting. Ternation female will lay off about 600-1000 eggs. When the caviar throwing is over, the producers need to immediately set down. After a day, the first fry will appear, in five days they will swim and begin to eat food. New individuals reached sexual maturity in six months. But two years later, reproduction will already be difficult.
Reproduction of this type of aquarium fish is not at all a complicated matter. The main thing is to know the basic laws of nature and create the most favorable conditions for producers.
Compatibility barbs with other fish in the aquarium
Barbus are considered one of the most interesting and beautiful species of aquarium fish. Their main distinguishing feature is the liveliness of character and some aggressiveness. Therefore, to keep them in one aquarium can be far from all the fish. On the peculiarities of the behavior of these beauties and their compatibility with other residents of the home "underwater corner" and talk later in the article.
Barbus in nature
In the wild, these interesting inhabitants of the underwater world can be found in almost all the waters of Indonesia, China, Africa and India. Some species live in the rivers of our country. Barbus refers to the genus of carp, most of the varieties of which are classified as commercial. Usually it is very large fish with unusually tasty meat. Species bred in aquariums are usually not particularly large. The length of their body most often is no more than 5-7 cm.
Most often, amateurs keep unpretentious Sumatran barbs in aquariums. These are rather beautiful fish of silver color with transverse black stripes on the body and a red lower fin. There are among Sumatran barbus and albinos. The scales of the latter are molded in gold, and the stripes are white and almost invisible. The compatibility of barbs with other fish in the case when it comes to the Sumatran variety is very doubtful in many cases. Select neighbors for these whales should be especially careful. The fact is that this is the most aggressive variety.
These fish are also often seen in aquarium lovers. Their body shape is similar to the shape of the body of Sumatran barbs. The difference is only in color. This species can be a real decoration of your aquarium due to its bright dark green scales, red stigmas and black fins with the same red border. The nature of the green barbs is a bit softer than that of the Sumatran ones, however, choosing the neighbors for them is also necessary.
The barbs Karhonius, which are also called fiery, are also very popular. The females of barbs of this species are colored silver, while males have pink-red scales. There are other varieties of these fish - scarlet, arulyus, shubert, cherry, denison, etc.
Character traits barbs
As already mentioned, the fish is extremely mobile. Therefore, for them it is best to buy an aquarium, strongly elongated in length. The composition of water for these fish does not play a special role. Unpretentiousness can be attributed to one of their main characteristics. Therefore, the compatibility of barbs with other fish, just as undemanding, quite active and not too aggressive is a matter of no doubt. Who exactly can be podsazhivat them, just below we consider in detail.
Another feature of the barbs is that they love to beat the long fins and tails of their neighbors in the aquarium. It is also necessary to take into account when selecting the inhabitants of your home underwater angle.
Barbs and angelfish
It is believed that these two species of fish get along in one aquarium is not too good. However, in fact, in most cases, it all depends on the conditions in this particular aquarium. If it has a significant volume (at least 100 liters), the cohabitation of these two types of fish is possible. But then, when there are not too many barbs in the aquarium, and the scalars are big enough. However, even under such conditions, the latter must be pushed in carefully. The first time the behavior of the fish you need to watch. Most likely, the angelfish from the aquarium will soon have to be removed. The danger for them will be less in the event that they put in the aquarium first, and already a little later, add some barbs. In this case, the scalars will feel on their territory. Active whales will also have to get used to it. Peaceful relations also depend on the age at which barbs and scalars were acquired. Compatibility of fish in the event that they grew up together, many aquarists no doubt.
Barbus and Neon
The survival of these two species with each other is also a rather controversial question. Experts believe that such a neighborhood cannot end with anything particularly good. However, many aquarists actually quite successfully keep together such fish as barbs and neons. The compatibility of these two varieties actually depends on many factors. For example, in the event that many plants are planted in an aquarium, neonchik will have a place to take shelter, and barbs are unlikely to be able to cause them significant harm. In principle, the rules of sharing in this case are the same as for scalar. That is, it is better to sit down neons to the barbs, and not vice versa, and buy fish at a very young age.
Barbus and Guppy: Compatibility
Guppies - perhaps the most favorite aquarists and popular fish. Therefore, the question of whether it is possible to keep barbs together with them is quite logical. In fact, this neighborhood usually does not end well. Guppies, seated to the barbs, will most likely be driven to death. In the same case, if the fish have grown together, with them, of course, nothing will happen. However, the owners of the aquarium will hardly be able to admire the beautiful guppy fins.
As mentioned above, barbs and neons, the compatibility of which is also in doubt, get along well if there are a lot of plants in the aquarium. The same goes for guppes. Planted in the aquarium more vallisnerium, kambob, water ferns, etc., and they will be where to hide from annoying striped or green neighbors.
Barbus fish: compatibility with cichlids
In this case, a good neighborly relations aquarist also should not be expected. And this time it's not about the barbs. Cichlids are perhaps the most aggressive of all fish intended for domestic breeding in aquariums. They do not get along with almost anyone. The only fish they don’t touch are bottom somiki of various kinds. One can only try to keep together adult barbs and young cichlids. After the last ones grow up, it is best to remove them from the aquarium. Even being well acquainted with the local barbs, adult cichlids will not miss the opportunity to become the absolute masters of the territory.
What fish can you keep
Very good for such fish as Sumatran barbs, compatibility with rireo danyushkami. According to the behavior of the latter are similar to neons. However, they are not so whimsical and timid, and also practically not subject to stress. Therefore, do not die from the smallest trifle. In addition, the decorative qualities of the aquarium will benefit from such a neighborhood. The transverse strips of the Sumatran beauties are very well combined with the longitudinal danios.
The compatibility of barbs with other fish is beyond doubt even in the case of representatives of the haracin ones. These can be, for example, ornatus, minors, thorns or strestells. Like cichlids, do not touch the barbs of all sorts of catfish. They also get along well with active swordtails. Being by nature a little aggressive, the latter, most likely, will not give offense to themselves. The same applies to gourami and parrots.
The above varieties may well be very good neighbors for the barbs.However, most often in aquariums - for a change - they plant at the same time just their various varieties. The barbs of Sumatran, fiery, cherry, green, etc., get along quite well together.
What fish can not be kept at all
If the angelfish or even guppies can get along with the barbs under certain conditions, then lalyusi from such a hectic neighborhood will be delighted with delight. With the aggressive astronotuses, the barbs will probably begin long and very serious conflicts. Of course, you should not sit down to these fish and voilehvostov.
Aquarium fish barbs, whose compatibility with other species, as we found out, largely depends on the conditions of housing and cultivation, despite their simplicity, they still require compliance with certain rules of care. Experts recommend:
- Keep them only in flocks.
- Be sure to plant in the aquarium more plants. They should be one of the sources of oxygen required barbs.
- The minimum volume of the aquarium for varieties of small size (Sumatran, "mutants", etc.) - 50 liters.
- Be sure to arrange aeration and filtration.
- Barbs eat a lot. Feed them often and in small portions. Food should be as varied as possible. Moth, tubule, cyclops, daphnids are eaten very well by this fish. Dry food is occasionally allowed. Also a good meal for the barbs can be a gruel of cucumber or chopped lettuce. It is possible to judge whether the fish have enough food by the condition of aquarium plants. If they are plucked, then its quantity is not enough.
Barbus, compatibility with other fish of which was discussed above, belongs to the class of short-lived ones. At one time, the female can bring up to 500 eggs. Producers before spawning will need to be seated. Particular attention at this time should be paid to proper feeding. Fish should be given a lot of live food. After spawning, females are removed from the aquarium. Fry begin to feed on the third day after hatching. Very small rotifers or Artemia feed. In the future, you can also give larger feeds. Feed the fry should be very often, which is associated with their very rapid growth.
Thus, the compatibility of barbs with other fish, active and non-aggressive, does not cause doubts. With the representatives of the underwater world they are slow, fearful or have beautiful long or wide fins, it is better not to settle them together. If you want to see these beautiful, interesting, live fish in your aquarium, you should definitely take this into account. And, of course, you need to take care of the barbs properly. In this case, problems with their content will arise much less.
Who do the cockerel fish get on in the general aquarium
Today cockerels (lat. Betta splendens) are popular aquarium fish. Belong to the family Macropod, suborder Labyrinth fish. In males, the character is snooty, for which they have been nicknamed "fighting fish." They do not always tolerate settlements with other fish, it is difficult for them to live with their neighbors because of their pugnacity. If a male cockerel is housed in one aquarium together with another cockerel, then conflicts will arise between them that will result in bodily injuries and plucked fins.
But this does not mean that they can not be settled with fish. On the contrary, a good neighborhood harmonizes life in an aquarium. If your tank is spacious, it has created a wonderful aquascape that resembles a natural biotope, there are many plants, shelters, a biological balance is established - then all inhabitants will be comfortable. An important rule - it is impossible for more than one male cock to live within the same aquarium. They can not be called territorial fish, but it so happened that they will fight. On one male you can settle several females, so it will be comfortable.
Betta splendens females are smaller in size, their fins are shorter, their character is calmer. But females can also conflict with each other, as well as with the male. Females can be kept in one nursery by 3-4 individuals. They are less aggressive, but their character is also unpredictable. If you notice that the betta fish show constant aggression towards their neighbors, and this leads to fatal consequences, then do not spare money for another reservoir, settling in it a restless pet.
Rules for keeping Betta splendens in a common tank
These fish tolerate temperature drops and can feel good at a temperature of +18 and +25 degrees Celsius. But you can not allow sudden drops, because they harm the health of the pet. Like a labyrinth fish, a cockerel should live in water that corresponds to the ambient air temperature in the room: + 22-26 degrees. Due to the fact that he knows how to breathe a labyrinth organ, aeration is not necessary - this should be taken into account by settling to him other fish that cannot live without dissolved oxygen. Replace the water should be once a week, 20% of the total volume of the tank. Do not forget to clean the bottom of the remnants of food and dirt.
What rules should be followed so that cockerels can live peacefully in an aquarium with other fish? These rules apply to all cockerels, which can result in peaceful cohabitation with representatives of different types of fish.
- It is not recommended to keep with betta fish with long fins and brightly colored scales. Although the males themselves have a beautiful appearance, they are painfully perceived by "competitors", which for them are external stimuli.
- You can not settle cockerels with large and predatory fish, for example, African and South American cichlids. The latter in themselves are peaceful creatures, friendly, but they do not get along with the fighting fish.
- Try to keep the fish in water that is suitable for everyone. You can not settle heat-loving and cold-loving species. For example, a golden fish cannot live in warm water, therefore it is incompatible with betta.
- Betta splendens fish can be settled with speckled catfish, tetras, gourami, swordtails, mollies. After settling the fish in the aquarium, observe their behavior. You can also keep the fish from a young age together, so they are better accustomed to each other. Fish should not be less than 5 cm in length. If the neighbor fish has died, do not hook the new fish with the rooster, otherwise it will score it.
- Compatibility with other fish will be successful if the betta lives in a spacious tank of 50-100 liters. There you can put a lot of decor, shelters, which will reduce to the "no" territorial claims and conflicts.
Take a look at the common cockpit aquarium.
There are such aquarium fish, the compatibility with which the betta is good, they live peacefully, with periodic fights that do not lead to death. These include gourami marble, cardinals, labo, lyalius, macrognathus, scalar. But it should be noted that the first days of the settlement should be monitored for their reaction, in case of aggression, they are settled separately from each other.
Almost perfect compatibility of the fish Betta splendens with platies, Donaciinae, black mollies, ornatusami, nagging gourami, akantoftalmusami, befortiyami, Ancistrus, minors, ototsinklyuchami, rasbora, black tetra, Congo, botsiyami, tarakatumami, lorikariyami, gastromizonami Siamese, brocade catfish.
Description of compatibility with certain types of fish
Males and guppies - it is believed that guppies and betts live in water with different parameters, therefore they are only conditionally compatible. There were examples of good compatibility, but it’s not always worth the risk. Males can chase guppies throughout the aquarium until their fins are torn off. Guppies can live at a temperature of 18-28 degrees, although 22-25 degrees for them more than acceptable temperature. The diet of both fish is the same, so some razvodchiki did not have difficulty in keeping.
Scalar and betta - compatibility is not bad, provided a spacious tank. These fish almost ignore each other, without attracting attention. The males will rather distort each other than the scalar will bother. However, during spawning, scalars become more aggressive and can drive all neighbors, including labyrinth ones. Set in the nursery a lot of shelters and plants to protect all.
Gourami - all species are close relatives of cockerels, so compatibility can be great. Gourami - curious creatures, tenacious and active, also feed, breathe with gills and atmospheric oxygen. Males do not bother them, sometimes it happens the other way around. Plant them together in a tank of at least 70 liters cubic. All Macropod enemies are the same: they are large and predatory fish, with which they should not be settled.
Look at the cockerels in the company of gourami.
Mollies and cockerels can live in an aquarium because they carry the same water parameters. But there is one fact - slightly brackish water is preferred by mollies, but Betta is not. Temperatures of 24-27 degrees is optimal for content. At low temperatures, both fish begin to hurt. Molly - viviparous fish that must breed in a separate, spawning tank, so that no one will destroy their fry.
The bets are alone in aggressive hydrobionts, so they can be moved to the males only with a flock of 4-7 fish. In the aquarium fights are small, reaching only 8 cm in length. Peaceful, you can keep them with the same neighbors, provided space and shelters. Males with them almost no conflict.
Corridors - as neighbors are suitable for many fish. They have a calm disposition, an interesting body color, and bring a lot of benefits. If the rooster does not eat the food, the corridor will pick it up. Somiki swim at the bottom of the aquarium, cockerels at the bottom only sleep. Compatibility between them is proven, cockerels rarely bother corridors. The corridors, like labyrinths, can use atmospheric air for breathing. Such a pet can survive under critical conditions. Somiki poorly tolerate salt and organics, as well as betta. Replacement of water in the general aquarium should occur once a week.