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Caring for aquarium and fish for beginners

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Tips for beginners to care for aquarium and fish

Breeding and caring for fish and an aquarium at home is of great interest to both amateurs and professionals. The army of aquarium fans is constantly replenishing its ranks: beginners are attracted by the aesthetic satisfaction of contemplating the picture of the water world. Creating your own underwater garden in miniature seems to be an easy and fun process, because the specifics and fish care for beginners is often a secret behind seven seals. In order not to suffer a fiasco, it is worth exploring some tips. Then the creation and maintenance of beauty, care for aquarium fish will be a favorite hobby that brings pleasure with minimal financial and time costs.

Size and design

Size matters! It is worth paying attention to the model of average parameters from 50 to 100 liters. Small aquarium requires, surprisingly, more care: it is more difficult to maintain the optimum chemical composition of water, and it is more difficult for fish to grow, multiply, grow. For the same reasons, it is better not to choose rounded shapes. Before "starting" the tank is washed with salt, soda, laundry soap, washed thoroughly.


The location of the aquarium, of course, depends on the taste, possibilities and home interior, however, in this matter it is necessary to adhere to some rules. First, it is desirable to avoid direct sunlight, so the corner of the room is ideal. Secondly, all kinds of equipment is powered by electricity, which means that the outlet must be located at a distance equal to the length of the cable. Thirdly, the stand under the aquarium should be sufficiently stable to prevent fluctuations in water that will disturb its population. To this end, you can not place it at the door and you need to think about the location of the aquarium in advance before its arrangement and filling.

Decor and algae carry not only aesthetic value, because they provide the necessary places for shelter and breeding inhabitants. On the stands of pet stores there are all sorts of products that correspond to any taste preferences, in a wide price range. Grottoes, ladders, columns, ships, shards, houses, a bridge and much more will wake up interior designers in you. The main thing to sterilize them before placing in an aquarium. Subsequently, wash the décor in an individual dish every month when replacing water.

With great caution you need to treat the bizarre form korsyams assembled on the street - they need to be boiled for a long time and cleaned of high-quality dirt from dirt in order to prevent fish diseases. The tree is short-lived in water, so even with careful processing it will eventually turn into a source of not very useful bacteria.

The plant world is also diverse. Beginners should buy colorful artificial models - they need the same care as the decor. Living with algae is a little more difficult: they need to be planted periodically, and bacteria bought from unscrupulous sellers can carry them. Nevertheless, they are more useful because release oxygen and absorb waste products. Attention is important to stop on undemanding plants and plant tall specimens on the back wall (Indian fern, Bacopa). Low-growing cryptocoryne, Anubias placed in the foreground. To heighten the effect of using floating plants. The main rule of maintenance - algae should not occupy more than a third of the underwater world.

See how to plant aquarium plants.

Maintaining an ecosystem

The equipment necessary for operation includes the already known heater, as well as a device for measuring temperature, a filter and an aerator. Filters are chosen in accordance with the volumes of the home pool. Filters require care, so once every three weeks they are washed outside with water and they pull out the sponge of the internal filter and clean it of dirt. There are coal (it is replaced every month), or primary cleaning (white material is replaced every two weeks).

Lighting is usually mounted in a protective top cover. If it was not sold along with the aquarium, be sure to pick up the lid so that the water does not evaporate and the particularly frisky fish will not jump out. The lamp should be chosen in proportion to the size of the tank, at the rate of 0.5W per liter. Usually the lights are turned off at night, although there are some types of fish that need additional lighting at this time of day.

Soil plays an important role in the formation of the aquarium ecosystem - all biochemical processes occur. You can buy ready-made options in the pet store, you can use sand, pebbles, glass beads. In the second case, thorough disinfection and boiling are required, and in the first case, abundant washing is sufficient. Get a siphon to handle the soil in your "pond".

See how to clean the aquarium yourself.

The water must be separated: the required amount is poured into a clean tank, left for a couple of days, and then it is filled with an aquarium. For water, parameters such as hardness, acidity, temperature are important, which are determined for each species separately and are constantly maintained either by heating devices or special products that can be purchased along with fish. Caring for aquarium fish requires constant water changes. Do it either manually or with a special pump.

Fish for beginners better to choose from unpretentious species. Perfectly suitable small schooling species (scalarii, guppies, barbs, danios), catfish. The choice depends on compatibility (it is impossible to settle even one predatory specimen together with peace-loving, for example, gourami). The inhabitants of the aquarium should also combine the same preferences in acidity and water hardness.


In feeding, they follow a strict regimen: once a day, just as much as they can eat in 5-10 minutes. Fish do not feel the measures in food, therefore they are prone to overeating, which means - to the pollution of the aquatic environment. Caring for aquarium fish involves monitoring their condition. If they become lethargic, change their color, then they are probably sick.

These basic tips for beginners in the maintenance of an aquarium will help you to equip it with love, so that it becomes an ornament of your apartment, a picture from which it is impossible to look away!

10 commandments novice aquarist

What to do to breed fish? Where to begin? How to make the first launch of the aquarium at home? What are the most unpretentious fish? Do I need seashells in the aquarium? What kind of ground to choose? These and many other questions arise for beginning aquarists when they decide to buy a home aquarium and breed fish. Of course, experienced aquarists already know many secrets and nuances in this difficult hobby of fish. And what should newcomers do in this case? And in today's article we will dwell in detail not only on what aquarium for beginners is, but also on what to do in order to create a real work of art at home.

Rule one - the fish can not overfeed!

After acquiring a new artificial pond for the house, keeping the fish is better to start with its feeding no more than once a day. Of course, then you can feed it more often, but little by little. After all, an aquarium is, first of all, a closed habitat. If there is a lot of food, it is not eaten by fish, then it gets into the ground and begins to rot. From overfeeding the fish start to hurt, and then they completely die. How do you know if the fish are overfed or not? It's simple. Food, after getting into the aquarium should be eaten immediately, and not sink to the bottom. True, there are such fish as catfish. It is they who eat the food that fell to the bottom. Also, the fish need to arrange fasting days, but only once a week.

Rule two - care for aquarium

Aquaria - a very delicate matter. If you buy aquariums for beginners, it is best to focus on their equipment and only then think about starting. After all, everything requires maintenance and care, and the aquarium is no exception to the rules. In the new aquarium, the water needs to be changed not immediately, but only after several months. And the basic rules for the care of an artificial reservoir - is the replacement of water, but partial. You also need to look for algae. Do not forget to change the filter, clean the soil. Do not forget to also check the readings of the thermometer. And remember, you need to disturb the aquatic inhabitants as little as possible. Fish do not like it.

The third rule - conditions for fish: what should they be?

In order for the inhabitants of their future home to always be in order, it is necessary to properly maintain them. First of all, they need to create optimal conditions for their habitat. And for this, before purchasing fish in the pet store, carefully read the information about a particular species of fish. After all, one fish may simply not fit the environment, or the decor, which equipped the vessel.

The fourth condition is the right equipment.

Remember the main rule. First you need:

  1. Aquarium and minimal equipment for it.
  2. Priming.
  3. Plants.

And only after the acquisition of all of the above, you can think about choosing the fish. Artificial pond need to choose not very small. What is necessary from the equipment? So it refers to:

  • filter;
  • thermometer;
  • heater with thermostat;
  • lighting.

And when all this is acquired, you can do the installation of the vessel in your room. It is best to do this on a flat surface, before laying the tourist mat under the bottom of the aquarium. You also need to wash the soil and sand, pour it into the aquarium and fill it with cold tap water. Install a filter and heater (especially important to monitor the temperature of the water in the winter). Because from the cold fish can die.

Next, heat the water to 20 degrees and begin to plant the plants. Planting a home aquarium should be live plants. They are simply necessary. Even if there are fish in the aquarium that like to feed on plants, it is better to simply feed them more. Water will be muddy at first. And it is here that you should not hurry too much. It is best to wait about 7 days. And already after the water becomes clear, you can launch fish.

Important! Buying fish, do not forget to clarify whether they will get along together.

The fifth rule - the filter must be washed in the aquarium water

Do not make a fatal mistake. The filter should not be washed under running water, and aquarium. This is necessary in order to preserve the balance that is inside the filter.

The sixth rule - to collect more information about the fish

Do you want to avoid problems that may arise after the launch of the fish in the aquarium? Do not hesitate, ask the seller in the pet store about the fish and their contents, read different information and then everything will be right. After all, all the fish are different. Some are small, others are big. Some calm, others aggressive. And there is, for example, and predatory. Remember that it is on your right choice that both the comfort of the fish and the internal balance in the vessel's ecosystem depend.

What kind of fish can you choose? The most classic is guppies. Their content does not cause difficulties. So, they are unpretentious, viviparous and eat different food. It is very easy to distinguish the female from the male. Swordtails are also viviparous, so there will be no problems with the fry. Swordtails are similar to guppies in behavior and content. Danio rerio are very popular in aquariums. They are elegant, unpretentious and very mobile. Eat all kinds of feed. Another type of fish - the cardinal. They are very small and unpretentious. They need to be properly maintained, and then they can live up to 3 years. When choosing fish, pay attention to their color and color. They should not be pale.

Important! Novice aquarists - do not breed many fish at once!

The seventh rule - the launch of a new fish spend slowly!

As mentioned above, the launch of the fish should be done only when the artificial reservoir is settled at home. Remember that if all the rules are not followed, the water in the aquarium will quickly become cloudy and the fish will die.

Quite often, a situation arises when, after acquiring a fish, many beginners do not know what to do next ... For experienced aquarists, this is not a problem, since their launch of the fish takes place on the machine. But beginners may have problems. First you need to put the bag with the fish just in the aquarium. Let it float there. Thus, the fish gets used to the new environment. And the fish that are already in the aquarium in this way will get to know it. Then you need to start lowering the package below so that the water from the aquarium should be filled in the package Let it still be a little time, and then launch the fish into the aquarium from the package.

Important! The more expensive a fish is, the more bother it is!

Eighth rule - water quality

Whatever fish was purchased, any of them is very sensitive to the chemical composition of water. And filling the aquarium should start with checking the composition of the water. All water composition parameters can be checked using special tests for aquarium water. For this you need to purchase such a test.

Then collect the required amount of water in a clean, well-dried test tube, glass, glass. Add a reagent indicator to the water, shake the tube with water. After 5 minutes, compare the result in the reference card. According to the results you need to take action. If the water was very hard, then it should be softened.

The ninth rule is a good seller.

Now during the computer technology for any question, you can find any answer at home by going to the network. But live chat is better. And if luck and fate will bring with an avid aquarist, then the success of the novice is almost guaranteed to breed fish at home. It would also be nice to make friends with the seller at the pet store, thus obtaining not only an experienced adviser, but also in the future, a reasonable discount and the right to make the first choice of the item you like.

The tenth rule - aquarism is my hobby!

The most important thing in aquarism is to fish with great enthusiasm, but without forcing yourself. Make it so that it brings pleasure and enjoyment. After all, this is a real vacation at home. Near the artificial reservoir can spend a lot of time watching the behavior of fish.

In addition, scientists have proven that running and monitoring fish leads to normal blood pressure and calms the nervous system. And if there are small children at home, then this is also a very good educational moment. After all, since childhood, caring for fish will teach them to care and attention. After all, probably, few people would like to see the first experience with the aquarium turn out to be bitter and end with the death of the fish. After all, it often happens that novice aquarists, who have not coped with the problems, put an end to their dream.

Do not leave immediately, and after a while there will come a period when an experienced aquarist grows from an inexperienced beginner who will help the same beginners, like him, who buy aquariums for beginners himself just a few weeks or months ago. Believe it is not difficult!

ABC care for aquarium fish

All aquarists, both beginners and experienced, it is important to know how to care for aquarium fish correctly. In fact, their care begins with the purchase of an aquarium, because of its shape, size, material depends on how comfortable the life of pets will be. Aquascape, feeding, compatibility with other aquatic organisms are also important conditions for the harmonious life of the fish. To ensure proper care of the fish at home, you need to familiarize yourself with some rules.

Aquarium arrangement

To choose the right aquarium for fish, consider the following recommendations:

  1. In a spacious tank, fish care will be easier. The products of their vital activity in a close aquarium quickly decompose, poisoning the water. In a spacious tank more water that will be mixed. Cleaning can be done less frequently.
  2. The size of the tank depends on the type of fish and their size. Before buying an aquarium, you should know which pets will be settled there. Large and gregarious fish require a large amount of swimming space. At 5-centimeter fish need 10 liters of water.
  3. Attention should be paid to aquascape. This shelter in the form of caves, moles, clay pots, pipes, rocks, snags and plants. Fish with bulging eyes do not need a lot of scenery due to the threat of injury.

  4. The shape of the tank should be rectangular. This aquarium is easier to clean at home.
  5. Ground, plants, snags, rocks and stones must be selected correctly. They can provide the similarity of a natural biotope, but the main condition is its use. Stone sculptures, soil should not be toxic, or change the parameters of the aquatic environment (acidity, hardness). In addition, everything that will be placed in the tank must be treated with boiling water, special solutions. Грунт желательно прокипятить, или раскалывать в печи при температуре 200-300оС. Растения нужно тщательно промыть под проточной водой. Компактное расположение декораций в аквариуме облегчит уход за ним.
  6. Уложите грунт в несколько слоев, посадите в нем растения. Поместите коряги, скалы. Установите систему нагрева воды, фильтр, компрессор, водный термометр, освещение. Будьте осторожны при работе с оборудованием. The light should not heat the water too much so that the plants are not damaged and the fish do not become worse. To visually recreate the underwater world, a decorative film can be glued to the back wall of the aquarium.

See how to lay the soil in the aquarium.

Fish selection

Instructions for choosing aquarium fish:

  1. Choose pets according to your experience in the aquarium business. Of course, for beginners it is better to choose small and unpretentious in keeping fish, for which care is simple. Learn in advance about the lifestyle of the species, its taste habits.
  2. Find out at what parameters the water can contain a fish, what feed it should be fed and how many times a day.
  3. Choose your aquarium neighbors correctly. It is impossible to settle predatory and herbivorous fish together, especially large and small species. The disproportion becomes the cause of eating some fish by others.

    Watch the video with the rules of compatibility of aquarium fish.

  4. There are schooling fish species, these are small hydrobionts that feel comfortable in the company of their relatives. A large school of non-aggressive fish does not show aggression towards neighbors.
  5. Some fish are suitable only for aquarists with experience. It is important that pet care does not bore you, because they take time.
  6. When buying fish, pay attention to their appearance and behavior. They should not be faded, disheveled scales, fins should be in place. The selected fish must actively swim, not be constantly at the bottom. Choose young fish if you want to breed them in the future. Check with the seller about the feeding regime.

Proper feeding

Constant, varied feeding also makes up the right care for aquatic pets. It is advisable to give food 2 times a day, at the same time. Some species may eventually take food from the hands, but the hands must be clean, without blood and odors. Fish can see or hear a knock on the glass, swim out of shelters in anticipation of feeding. Pets can become so accustomed to the regime that they begin to prepare for the meal at the same time. Fish can not be overfed, it is fraught with health problems. Small portions that they eat in 3-5 minutes will be enough.

Feeding Instructions:

  1. The diet is varied. Herbivorous fish require constant obtaining of vegetable feed with fiber, omnivorous and predatory fish - in meat food, rich in proteins. It is advisable to combine all types of feed: live, frozen, dry, artificial. Live food is best frozen, so as not to infect the water infection. This applies to bloodworms, tubers, daphnia, corets and other feed. Some fish love so-called "cocktails" that can be prepared in the kitchen. Frozen seafood, vegetables pass through a meat grinder, are formed in the form of circles, and put in the freezer.

  2. Overeating shortens the life of fish, or provokes bloating. Once a week you should arrange a fasting day for your pets and not feed them at all. You can feed at 12 noon and 6 pm, or at another time during the day. At night, it is better not to feed. Pay attention to the behavior - if they do not eat, then portions can be reduced, or feed once a day.

Fish Care Basics

Care for water pets should be constant and quality. Cleanliness is a guarantee of health and carefree life, both for the owner and for the pet. Instructions for the care of an aquarium with fish:

  1. Regularly make water changes to fresh and clean. It is easy to get such water - dial the required amount from under the tap into the glass container, leave for 2-4 days, bring to the required parameters (check with indicators). Then pour into the tank. In an aquarium of 200 liters, you need to replace 20% of the water; in a 100-liter one, you can replace 30% of the water. The procedure should be repeated once a week.
  2. Constantly siphon the bottom of the reservoir funnel, removing the remnants of uneaten food. Do not turn off the compressor with aeration, filter, heating without special need.

  3. Every day, watch the pets - their appearance, behavior. If you notice a change - prepare a quarantine tank. Perhaps the fish is sick, and she needs special care.
  4. You should have a scraper for aquarium glass, which perfectly cleans hard surfaces from algal fouling. Stone rocks and snags can be cleaned with a brush. If the surfaces are not cleaned in a timely manner, the biological balance will be disturbed, which will affect the well-being of the fish.

Caring for aquarium and fish for beginners

Caring for aquarium and fish for beginners may seem difficult, but if you approach everything consistently, then even a large aquarium without previous experience will not be too difficult.

Aquarium and care for it - tips for beginners

Those who have just decided to start an aquarium are faced with a huge choice of shapes, sizes, and also with a large variety of devices to maintain the biobalance in the aquarium. Choose the size and shape you need, based on their own preferences and capabilities. One has only to take into account that in very small aquariums it is much harder to maintain the necessary conditions, water deteriorates faster in them, temperature fluctuations are possible. It is better to choose aquariums of medium or large size. Minimally necessary equipment for the start of the arrangement of the aquarium: soil, water filter, thermometer, compressor for enriching water with oxygen, a net for fish, a lamp for lighting the aquarium and a siphon. Plants placed in an aquarium can be artificial (usually they are purchased if the fish you plan to start can eat the living algae) and live. Water for the aquarium should be further cleaned before being placed in the vessel. When the aquarium is already populated, it is necessary to maintain an established ecosystem in it, changing only part of the water from time to time.

Care for aquarium fish for beginners

What newcomers who decide to start an aquarium need to know depends on what kinds of fish they plan to keep. Each species has special requirements for water, its temperature, ration, and the population of other aquarium territory in other fish. It is necessary to choose those species that live in nature in similar conditions. For beginners, it is better to acquire non-aggressive in nature and resistant to disease, as well as fluctuations in the composition of the water fish species. The most common and easy to care for are cichlids, guppies, swordtails, veils, various types of catfish. What should be wary of novice fish breeders, so is the overpopulation of the aquarium. After all, I want to get as many beautiful and different fish as possible, but in cramped conditions they start to hurt and even die. Also pay attention to feeding. In this matter, it is better to underfeed than to feed. Fish can easily live without food for two days, but the abundance of undernourished food leads to a rapid turbidity of the water and the proliferation of bacteria.

Proper care of the aquarium

Aquarian small fishes are a fine opportunity to create a small corner of wildlife in the house. Aquarium looks spectacular and beautiful. Fish do not require special care, but they bring great aesthetic pleasure.

How to choose an aquarium

Buying an aquarium is the very first step towards creating a living corner.

  1. The shape and size of the device is very important. A good aquarium does not interfere at home and guarantees comfort. In addition, he must ensure the normal existence of the fish.
  2. When buying it is necessary to take into account that in large tanks the water stays clean longer. Care for a large aquarium is required less frequently.
  3. Aquarium should be selected according to the size and number of fish. If you want to contemplate large fish, then you need to make a big house for them.
  4. Landscaping aquarium also requires a thoughtful approach. It is possible to decorate a house reservoir with soil, algae, stones and various figures.
  5. The shape of the aquarium should provide convenient cleaning.

Caring for fish in an aquarium includes the following regular activities:

  • keeping the aquarium clean;
  • timely partial renewal of water (in a small aquarium - once a week, in a large one - once a month);
  • the inner surface of the aquarium should be cleaned with a special scraper;
  • the ground must be in good condition.

These are the basic principles of fish care in an aquarium. Water quality is important. In the course of their life, the fish emit harmful substances. Some of them recycle plants. But a surplus of bad components still accumulates. Therefore, the rules of care for the aquarium must be observed.

Fresh water for fish requires prior preparation:

  • it must have the same hardness and temperature as the water in the aquarium;
  • it must first be defended and filtered to remove chlorine from the water supply. Instead of settling, you can use special conditioners (for example, AQUAYER AntiToxin Vita);
  • regular maintenance of water in the aquarium ensures the creation of a favorable environment for fish;
  • water must be saturated with oxygen.

How else can you maintain the purity of the aquatic environment

Ankistrus care is provided for the aquarium. These are bottom fishes - "attendants". It is equally important to place plants that purify water. They should be positioned so that they do not impede the free movement of fish. The same applies to snags, mini-rocks and decorations.

From plants it is better to choose simple and unpretentious plants. It can be perististostniki and krugolistniki, which perfectly purify water from turbidity. It is not recommended to plant rare plants in your first aquarium. The rules for caring for an aquarium include taking care of plants. Each of them needs special conditions. Failure to comply with certain requirements, they die.

Caring for a home aquarium should include cleaning artificial figurines. They form plaque that must be cleaned. This is done when replacing water.

Care of a new aquarium

The main requirement is to form the microclimate necessary for the fish. Experts recommend running fish into a new "home" only after a week. However, the process can be accelerated using special capsules with microflora (biokorin, biostarter).

If you have a working aquarium, soak a sponge in the water and squeeze it into a new aquarium. You can just pour a few liters of water. In this embodiment, the water must be defended in just 2 days. Caring for a new aquarium involves, above all, the preparation of water and the formation of the internal climate.

How to run animals in the aquarium? It is enough to pour water with the fish into a new container. The rules for caring for the aquarium do not allow a sharp temperature drop. You should warm the water with the fish to room temperature, and then run them into the home aquarium.

Daily care for aquarium fish

Fish do not need excessive care. Caring for them is very simple. That is why many parents prefer to buy their children fish. It is enough to remember about feeding fish.

Remains of food floating on the surface of the water should be collected with a net. This is done 20 minutes after feeding. Fishes should be fed in the morning and evening. They are prone to overeating. This leads to their death. Therefore, do not feed them too much.

Peculiarities of fish species are important

If you are going to purchase aquarium fish, before you buy, be sure to learn the features of those or other species. Many here depend on the type of fish. Therefore, you need to know the features of the fish you intend to buy. Most fish need warm water. The temperature in the aquarium should be for some fish ranging from 19 to 22 degrees for others from 22 to 28 degrees. When caring for an aquarium, do not forget about the optimal conditions of the fish. Most of them do not tolerate sudden changes in temperature. However, there are exceptions. Do not place fish with different temperature requirements in the same container. For example, gold fishes need to maintain 21 degrees.

Proper care of the aquarium should take into account the peculiarities of behavior in the flock. Some fish require a high aquarium, such as an angelfish. In addition, these fish lodge in pairs. Choosing a fish, you should consider all these nuances. If you have aquarium fish at home, caring for them will not be a big hassle.

How to eliminate water turbidity

turbidity of water

Caring for an aquarium includes monitoring the ground. If the water is cloudy, this is a sign of careless handling of the ground. The opacities usually disappear after time.

Light turbidity can be caused by unicellular and bacteria. They can significantly spoil the look of a homely pond. In this case, they must get rid of. How to care for fish in an aquarium in this version? It is necessary to clean it. It is required to remove silt. Fish can not feed about 3 days. In addition, it is necessary to partially replace the water.

Also helps the aeration of water. It will be useful for breathing fish. If the water in the aquarium quickly becomes cloudy, you can put a piece of copper wire there. Sometimes the color change of the water is due to the colored feed.

Simple instructions: how to care for fish in an aquarium

Aquarium - a stylish addition to the interior, which allows you to create a unique, lively atmosphere in the room. This effect creates only well-groomed and filled with bright inhabitants of the capacity. How to achieve this will help instructions how to care for the fish in the aquarium. Opinions of psychologists agree that the observation of the life of fish allows you to take a break from everyday worries and relax. Smooth movements of the inhabitants of the water world look graceful and fascinating. Therefore, the aquarium performs not only an aesthetic, but also a healing function.

Content of aquarium fish

Argued that the maintenance of fish does not require time and financial costs. Experienced aquarists will talk in detail about the complexity of this lesson, which requires care and unhurriedness. You control a small underwater world that cannot exist without competent support. For beginners, help how to care for the fish in the aquarium (point by point).

Excessive care for such pets is not required. To understand the process will help the instruction. How to care for fish in an aquarium, even children can remember.

Aquarium

The first serious oversight that is allowed at this stage is the purchase of a small aquarium, considering that the capacity of 20-30 liters will meet the needs of the beginner amateur fish. In reality, the opposite is true. Maintaining artificial biocenosis in balance is much easier in a large aquarium, at least 50-70 liters. In it several species of inhabitants can coexist and develop normally.

The next question, which will consider a brief instruction on how to care for the fish in an aquarium, is what is inside the tank. They create a cozy atmosphere for small inhabitants, starting from the ground. Small pebbles will do the job best. When selecting, take into account its caliber and color, focusing on the species of fish that are planned to contain. Inhabitants of bright shades look better on a background of gray stones.

Plants are rooted in the soil, they take nutrients from it. Flora serves as a refuge for individual fish, who love to hide from active neighbors. Artificial greens have an attractive appearance and do not require care, but give preference to natural plants.

How to choose a fish?

How to choose the inhabitants? How to care for fish in an aquarium? The manual will give answers to these questions. Decide in advance on the species composition of the ichthyofauna to simplify the process of leaving and to prevent conflicts. Focus on the size of the fish: large and small individuals can not live together.

For many decades, viviparous fish have been very popular with aquarists. They do not lay eggs, but immediately give birth to viable fry, which can independently move and feed. Characterized by these types of ease of care, they do not need to create special conditions for reproduction. However, the fish have a large range of colors and shapes.

Types of fish

If you do not know what types to choose and how to care for the fish in the aquarium, the instruction will help to resolve these issues. The most common are the following representatives of the ichthyofauna: patzili, guppies, mollies and swordtails. The conditions of maintenance and care required for them are the same, which allows you to settle them in the same aquarium. Among the fish laying eggs, speckled catfish are the most popular.

Cockerels and goldfish are classic aquarists. Beginners are more difficult to handle because they need to pay more attention. A round aquarium is not the best choice for them. These inhabitants will be more comfortable in a rectangular container. Instructions on how to care for the fish in an aquarium recommends that when creating the second tank, take some of the water from the first one. This method will help to reduce the time for settling.

Care

Instructions on how to care for fish in an aquarium, the points suggests:

  • Regular reading of the water thermometer. If there are deviations from the recommended parameters for this type of fish, the heating is turned on.
  • Viviparous ichthyofauna suitable temperature from 18 to 28 ºC. But each individual species has its own preferences. Размножение будет происходить только в этом узком диапазоне температур.
  • Контроль чистоты и жесткости воды. Каждые 7 дней третью часть среды удаляют, заменяя новой.
  • Проверка фильтрующего элемента и компрессора, без которых невозможно нормальное существование обитателей.
  • Аквариум должен быть освещен от 10 до 12 часов в сутки.
  • Кормить обитателей нужно 1-2 раза в день. In the presence of fry, the number of meals is increased to 4. A portion of food is placed in the feeder, which is usually eaten in 5-10 minutes. Residues must be removed (to prevent rotting).

The given instructions on how to care for fish in an aquarium will help beginners to orient themselves in the basic requirements for their maintenance and feeding. More detailed information should be studied for each specific type that you have.

Aquarium for beginners. Care home aquarium. Part 1

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