Fish care


General rules for keeping aquarium fish

Caring for fish in an aquarium is a must for every aquarist. Keeping fish requires a responsible approach, and with proper treatment of their pets, they will bring many benefits. It is believed that the aquarium is useful for the home, helps to cope with stress. Small fishes have a beneficial effect on the emotions of adults and children, cultivate a sense of responsibility in a person. How to properly maintain the fish, and care for them?

Place for an aquarium and a selection of fish

For a start, think carefully about where you put your home aquarium, where the fish will live. The choice of the shape and size of the tank depends on the location. It is considered that the maintenance of a spacious aquarium does not take long to clean. Caring for him is much easier than small. A large tank can contain a large number of different fish that are compatible with each other. Also do not forget about the devices, without which the functioning of a modern reservoir is impossible. Compressors, filters, lighting devices, decorations will provide the highest quality care.

Another issue that bothers aquarists - the choice of pets. For beginners, small and unpretentious fish are suitable that can survive the host’s small errors. Contrary to popular belief, goldfish and cockerels are not easy-to-keep fish. They will have to spend more time with them. Goldfish leave behind a lot of waste, and you have to clean up more often in the aquarium. Males are sensitive to changes in water parameters and infections.

Guppies - one of the most unpretentious fish, belong to the family Petsiliye. They have a bright tail, like the whole color of the body. The size of the females is 6 cm in length, the males are 3-4 cm. These are herbivorous aquarium fish, which need to be eaten more green. They love clean, oxygenated water. Another unpretentious fish - it's cichlids. There are African and South American species. For the beginner, omnivorous and herbivorous tsikhlovye fish are suitable. Predatory species are incompatible with other fish, and are quite dangerous. Other types are very friendly and quick-witted, they can live alone or in pairs.

See how to maintain and care for black-tipped cyclose.

Parameters of the aquatic environment

Full maintenance and care of fish is impossible without maintaining the parameters of the aquatic environment. Install a water thermometer to the aquarium to know about changes in water temperature. As is known, there are heat-loving and cold-loving fish species. Some may survive a temperature range above 22 degrees Celsius, for others this temperature is dangerous. You can turn on the aquarium heater, bringing the temperature to the optimum. If the water is overheated, turn off the device. Check the condition of the filter daily, and clean it if it is dirty. Check the compressor in time.

All aquarium fish prefer to live in a constant environment, where there is no temperature difference and water level. Prepare the separated water in advance to add it to the aquarium if necessary. Do not put in an aquarium foreign objects, especially metal. They may scare pets, or release toxic substances into the water. Fish do not tolerate tobacco smoke, so in a room where there is a tank with living creatures, you can not smoke.

If the water becomes turbid, do not sound the alarm. Water clouding can cause outbreaks of beneficial bacteria, release of foreign matter into the water, or decomposition of dry food. Excretions of fish in large quantities also propagate organic matter, which is favorable for the growth of bacteria. Timely provide care to pets - clean the bottom of the aquarium with a siphon, monitor the condition of the filter.

Feeding, lighting, water change

Feeding is an important aspect, without which fish care is impossible. Feed pets should be 1-2 times a day, and once a week arrange a fasting day without food. Malkov need to feed more often - 4-5 times a day. The amount of feed depends on the type. Big fish should get more feed, small - less. For 2-3 minutes, pets should eat all the amount of feed received. Overfeeding is harmful to the digestive system.

See how to properly feed dry fish aquarium fish.

What feeds do aquarium fish prefer? Freshwater species unpretentious. To provide them with timely care, do not give a lot of food, otherwise there will be a lot of waste too. Live food in frozen form, dry can be given in certain proportions. Dry feeds are made on the basis of daphnia crustaceans. Live food is usually caught in natural water bodies - it is a bloodworm, a tubule, a corret. Make sure that the fish living in the upper layers of the water, do not take all the food from those who swim at the bottom.

Lighting - another necessary detail, which provides full care for the fish. Many aquatic organisms do not need additional lighting, they need enough daylight and indoor light. However, some need and night lights from LB lamps. The optimal backlight power is 0.5 watts per liter of water. Also consider the depth of the tank, its area, the nature of fish and plants. Residents of the depths are not very fond of a large amount of diffused light.

When the water evaporates and becomes polluted, periodically it has to be refilled. Usually one third of the total volume of water is added. Water parameters should be similar to the water in the aquarium. Changes in the composition of the detrimental effect on the health of pets (it is important to know the water temperature, salt composition, gas composition).

Full replacement of water is made in extreme cases - if all the fish in the aquarium died from an outbreak of the disease, if fungal mucus appeared in the aquarium, water flourishes rapidly, the soil is heavily polluted. But the plants are quickly damaged by the complete replacement of water - they become discolored, the leaves fall off. If you maintain a constant biological balance within the mini-ecosystem, then all aquarium inhabitants will be healthy. Properly selected appliances and living conditions will ensure quality life and care.

Proper care of the aquarium

Aquarian small fishes are a fine opportunity to create a small corner of wildlife in the house. Aquarium looks spectacular and beautiful. Fish do not require special care, but they bring great aesthetic pleasure.

How to choose an aquarium

Buying an aquarium is the very first step towards creating a living corner.

  1. The shape and size of the device is very important. A good aquarium does not interfere at home and guarantees comfort. In addition, he must ensure the normal existence of the fish.
  2. When buying it is necessary to take into account that in large tanks the water stays clean longer. Care for a large aquarium is required less frequently.
  3. Aquarium should be selected according to the size and number of fish. If you want to contemplate large fish, then you need to make a big house for them.
  4. Landscaping aquarium also requires a thoughtful approach. It is possible to decorate a house reservoir with soil, algae, stones and various figures.
  5. The shape of the aquarium should provide convenient cleaning.

Caring for fish in an aquarium includes the following regular activities:

  • keeping the aquarium clean;
  • timely partial renewal of water (in a small aquarium - once a week, in a large one - once a month);
  • the inner surface of the aquarium should be cleaned with a special scraper;
  • the ground must be in good condition.

These are the basic principles of fish care in an aquarium. Water quality is important. In the course of their life, the fish emit harmful substances. Some of them recycle plants. But a surplus of bad components still accumulates. Therefore, the rules of care for the aquarium must be observed.

Fresh water for fish requires prior preparation:

  • it must have the same hardness and temperature as the water in the aquarium;
  • it must first be defended and filtered to remove chlorine from the water supply. Instead of settling, you can use special conditioners (for example, AQUAYER AntiToxin Vita);
  • regular maintenance of water in the aquarium ensures the creation of a favorable environment for fish;
  • water must be saturated with oxygen.

How else can you maintain the purity of the aquatic environment

Ankistrus care is provided for the aquarium. These are bottom fishes - "attendants". It is equally important to place plants that purify water. They should be positioned so that they do not impede the free movement of fish. The same applies to snags, mini-rocks and decorations.

From plants it is better to choose simple and unpretentious plants. It can be perististostniki and krugolistniki, which perfectly purify water from turbidity. It is not recommended to plant rare plants in your first aquarium. The rules for caring for an aquarium include taking care of plants. Each of them needs special conditions. Failure to comply with certain requirements, they die.

Caring for a home aquarium should include cleaning artificial figurines. They form plaque that must be cleaned. This is done when replacing water.

Care of a new aquarium

The main requirement is to form the microclimate necessary for the fish. Experts recommend running fish into a new "home" only after a week. However, the process can be accelerated using special capsules with microflora (biokorin, biostarter).

If you have a working aquarium, soak a sponge in the water and squeeze it into a new aquarium. You can just pour a few liters of water. In this embodiment, the water must be defended in just 2 days. Caring for a new aquarium involves, above all, the preparation of water and the formation of the internal climate.

How to run animals in the aquarium? It is enough to pour water with the fish into a new container. The rules for caring for the aquarium do not allow a sharp temperature drop. You should warm the water with the fish to room temperature, and then run them into the home aquarium.

Daily care for aquarium fish

Fish do not need excessive care. Caring for them is very simple. That is why many parents prefer to buy their children fish. It is enough to remember about feeding fish.

Remains of food floating on the surface of the water should be collected with a net. This is done 20 minutes after feeding. Fishes should be fed in the morning and evening. They are prone to overeating. This leads to their death. Therefore, do not feed them too much.

Peculiarities of fish species are important

If you are going to purchase aquarium fish, before you buy, be sure to learn the features of those or other species. Many here depend on the type of fish. Therefore, you need to know the features of the fish you are going to buy. Most fish need warm water. The temperature in the aquarium should be for some fish ranging from 19 to 22 degrees for others from 22 to 28 degrees. When caring for an aquarium, do not forget about the optimal conditions of the fish. Most of them do not tolerate sudden changes in temperature. However, there are exceptions. Do not place fish with different temperature requirements in the same container. For example, gold fishes need to maintain 21 degrees.

Proper care of the aquarium should take into account the peculiarities of behavior in the flock. Some fish require a high aquarium, such as an angelfish. In addition, these fish lodge in pairs. Choosing a fish, you should consider all these nuances. If you have aquarium fish at home, caring for them will not be a big hassle.

How to eliminate water turbidity

turbidity of water

Caring for an aquarium includes monitoring the ground. If the water is cloudy, this is a sign of careless handling of the ground. The opacities usually disappear after time.

Light turbidity can be caused by unicellular and bacteria. They can significantly spoil the look of a homely pond. In this case, they must get rid of. How to care for fish in an aquarium in this version? It is necessary to clean it. It is required to remove silt. Fish can not feed about 3 days. In addition, it is necessary to partially replace the water.

Also helps the aeration of water. It will be useful for breathing fish. If the water in the aquarium quickly becomes cloudy, you can put a piece of copper wire there. Sometimes the color change of the water is due to the colored feed.

Tips for beginners to care for aquarium and fish

Breeding and caring for fish and an aquarium at home is of great interest to both amateurs and professionals. The army of aquarium fans is constantly replenishing its ranks: beginners are attracted by the aesthetic satisfaction of contemplating the picture of the water world. Creating your own underwater garden in miniature seems to be an easy and fun process, because the specifics and fish care for beginners is often a secret behind seven seals. In order not to suffer a fiasco, it is worth exploring some tips. Then the creation and maintenance of beauty, care for aquarium fish will be a favorite hobby that brings pleasure with minimal financial and time costs.

Size and design

Size matters! It is worth paying attention to the model of average parameters from 50 to 100 liters. Small aquarium requires, surprisingly, more care: it is more difficult to maintain the optimum chemical composition of water, and it is more difficult for fish to grow, multiply, grow. For the same reasons, it is better not to choose rounded shapes. Before "starting" the tank is washed with salt, soda, laundry soap, washed thoroughly.

The location of the aquarium, of course, depends on the taste, possibilities and home interior, however, in this matter it is necessary to follow some rules. First, it is desirable to avoid direct sunlight, so the corner of the room is ideal. Secondly, all kinds of equipment is powered by electricity, which means that the outlet must be located at a distance equal to the length of the cable. Thirdly, the stand under the aquarium should be sufficiently stable to prevent fluctuations in water that will disturb its population. To this end, you can not place it at the door and you need to think about the location of the aquarium in advance before its arrangement and filling.

Decor and algae carry not only aesthetic value, because they provide the necessary places for shelter and breeding inhabitants. On the stands of pet stores there are all sorts of products that correspond to any taste preferences, in a wide price range. Grottoes, ladders, columns, ships, shards, houses, a bridge and much more will wake up interior designers in you. The main thing to sterilize them before placing in an aquarium. Subsequently, wash the décor in an individual dish every month when replacing water.

With great caution you need to treat the bizarre form korsyams assembled on the street - they need to be boiled for a long time and cleaned of high-quality dirt from dirt in order to prevent fish diseases. The tree is short-lived in water, so even with careful processing it will eventually turn into a source of not very useful bacteria.

The plant world is also diverse. Beginners should buy colorful artificial models - they need the same care as the decor. Living with algae is a little more difficult: they need to be planted periodically, and bacteria bought from unscrupulous sellers can carry them. Nevertheless, they are more useful because release oxygen and absorb waste products. Attention is important to stop on undemanding plants and plant tall specimens on the back wall (Indian fern, Bacopa). Low-growing cryptocoryne, Anubias placed in the foreground. To heighten the effect of using floating plants. The main rule of maintenance - algae should not occupy more than a third of the underwater world.

See how to plant aquarium plants.

Maintaining an ecosystem

The equipment necessary for operation includes the already known heater, as well as a device for measuring temperature, a filter and an aerator. Filters are chosen in accordance with the volumes of the home pool. Filters require care, so once every three weeks they are washed outside with water and they pull out the sponge of the internal filter and clean it of dirt. There are coal (it is replaced every month), or primary cleaning (white material is replaced every two weeks).

Lighting is usually mounted in a protective top cover. If it was not sold along with the aquarium, be sure to pick up the lid so that the water does not evaporate and the particularly frisky fish will not jump out. The lamp should be chosen in proportion to the size of the tank, at the rate of 0.5W per liter. Usually the lights are turned off at night, although there are some types of fish that need additional lighting at this time of day.

Soil plays an important role in the formation of the aquarium ecosystem - all biochemical processes occur. You can buy ready-made options in the pet store, you can use sand, pebbles, glass beads. In the second case, thorough disinfection and boiling are required, and in the first case, abundant washing is sufficient. Get a siphon to handle the soil in your "pond".

See how to clean the aquarium yourself.

The water must be separated: the required amount is poured into a clean tank, left for a couple of days, and then it is filled with an aquarium. For water, parameters such as hardness, acidity, temperature are important, which are determined for each species separately and are constantly maintained either by heating devices or special products that can be purchased along with fish. Caring for aquarium fish requires constant water changes. Do it either manually or with a special pump.

Fish for beginners better to choose from unpretentious species. Perfectly suitable small schooling species (scalarii, guppies, barbs, danios), catfish. The choice depends on compatibility (it is impossible to settle even one predatory specimen together with peace-loving, for example, gourami). The inhabitants of the aquarium should also combine the same preferences in acidity and water hardness.

In feeding, they follow a strict regimen: once a day, just as much as they can eat in 5-10 minutes. Fish do not feel the measures in food, therefore they are prone to overeating, which means - to the pollution of the aquatic environment. Caring for aquarium fish involves monitoring their condition. If they become lethargic, change their color, then they are probably sick.

These basic tips for beginners in the maintenance of an aquarium will help you to equip it with love, so that it becomes an ornament of your apartment, a picture from which it is impossible to look away!

Aquarium fish: care and maintenance

The maintenance of the aquarium is an interesting and responsible occupation. Fish sneak into the house of aesthetic pleasure and peace, engaging in their breeding, you can also earn. But first you need to create in the living corner of the home optimal conditions for the inhabitants.

Compatibility of aquarium fish

Proper care for aquarium fish should take into account the various requirements for maintenance depending on the type of fish, a description of their behavior and compatibility.

Not only fish of the same species can live in an aquarium, but also completely different individuals.

Compatibility of fish in an aquarium is an important condition on which its beauty and their well-being will depend.

For compatibility, aquarium fish that are in the home pond should have similar maintenance and care requirements. The first compatibility setting is whimsical. You should not lodge along whimsical exotic fish with the most hardy and simple.

The second parameter is temperature. Some species of fish are sensitive to temperature fluctuations, in the aquarium you need to select fish with the same temperature requirements and provide them with optimal conditions using the thermostat. It is not necessary to combine cold-loving individuals with heat-loving ones. For example, gold ornamental can be contained together with the tails, orades and telescopes. These individuals love cool water at 21 degrees.

The third parameter is temperament. You can not keep together aggressive and peaceful fish. In this case, predatory species pursue peaceful ones, and if there is a difference in size, they can eat more timid ones. Often, even predatory fish of the same species can eat each other. For example, piranhas - they absolutely can not be combined with any of the types of fish. For two dozen piranhas need an aquarium of 700 liters. Even weak individuals from their flock can eat.

Another important parameter is collective fish species. Establishment of individual individuals can end badly. Alone such fish will feel uncomfortable and may die. For example, peaceful individuals - swordtails, danios, copper tetras, black neons, philomens. They live collectively, so they need to start on several individuals.

Care for aquarium fish

In the care of fish an important place is occupied by the correct feeding. It is advisable to give food from one to two times a day in the amount that the fish eat in 10-20 minutes. They must be fed at the same time and in one place. Siphon is better to immediately remove the remnants of food and prevent contamination. The diet of the feed should be different - dry, vegetable, bloodworm or frozen.

Proper and high-quality care for all types of aquarium fish is the maintenance of a clean environment of their habitat and regular partial replacement of water. Once a week it is necessary to change 20% of the total water volume. Before that, defend it for 2-3 days to get rid of all chlorine vapors. Full replacement of water is very rare - it is undesirable for the inhabitants of the aquarium.

The soil should be constantly cleaned with siphon from the remnants of food and waste products, otherwise the biological balance can be disturbed in the aquarium.

To ensure the fish a comfortable life you need to have in the aquarium - a heater, aeration, lighting, soil, plants. It is important not to overcrowd aquarium fish. For every centimeter of an adult fish an average of one and a half liters of water should fall, and for some species even more.

Aquarium fish - a great opportunity to create a corner of wildlife at home. Considering all the recommendations for care, and correctly combining the inhabitants of the aquarium, its content does not cause much trouble.

Aquarium fish - care for them

Care for aquarium and fish - occupation not only interesting, but also useful. Even in cases where the aquarium is an exclusive design element, many owners are so keen on aquarium fish, caring for them and studying their behavior, that they become avid aquarists. As a result of research scientists found that an aquarium with fish is very useful for the psyche and is an excellent remedy for stress. Moreover, aquarium fish and care for them It has a positive effect on the emotional state of children, and also fosters responsibility. But, of course, we must not forget that aquarium fish are living creatures that need attention and care. In order to care for the aquarium and the fish was a pleasure, you should carefully study all the features and subtleties of this activity. Let's see what the experts advise for the correct maintenance of aquarium fish and care for them.

First of all, you need to think carefully about where the aquarium will stand, which one will most fit the shape and size. It is believed that a large aquarium is easier to look after than a small one, which is especially important for beginners. Also in a large aquarium, you can contain a larger number of fish. For example, the care and maintenance of goldfish require a large amount of space, contrary to the prevailing stereotype that goldfish live in small aquariums. Choosing an aquarium, do not forget about the equipment that is necessary for the care of fish. The more carefully every detail is thought out, the later it will be easier to care for the aquarium.

Choosing an aquarium, you can proceed to the selection of species of fish. This is a very important stage for the further maintenance of the aquarium. It is worth acquiring only compatible species of fish, in which the needs for temperature, water acidity and feeding coincide. Based on the choice made, you need to calculate the number of fish. On average, 1 cm of the body of the fish requires 2 liters of water. For proper care of a goldfish, a minimum of 40 liters of water per fish is required. The number of fish also depends on the needs of a particular species. Some fish can be kept alone, some need a company. Plants for the aquarium is chosen based on the selected species of fish.

When all the preparatory work is completed, the aquarium is running, and the fish settle in their new habitat, it remains only to admire the work done and follow the simple rules of care for aquarium fish. The first step is to pay particular attention to feeding the fish. Fish are prone to overeating and obesity, which can lead to various diseases and death. For example, feeding goldfish should be strictly limited in time, as they tend to overeat more than other species. This complicates the care of goldfish, especially if other fish live in the aquarium and require more feed. The main principle of feeding aquarium fish is better to underfeed than overfeeding. It is also recommended to do a fasting day once a month.

Care of aquarium fish depends largely on the needs of a particular species, so it is important to know the characteristics of the content of the selected fish. Using the example of the most popular species of fish, we will consider which parts you need to pay attention to first.

For most fish, a high water temperature is required - from 24 to 28 degrees C, but there are exceptions; therefore, it is impossible to place fish with different needs for water temperature in the same aquarium. For example, to care for goldfish requires a lower temperature - about 21 degrees C.

The number of fish of one species should be selected, guided by the volume of the aquarium and the behavior of the flock. For example, to care for aquarium fish, the angelfish need a high aquarium, and they need to be lodged in pairs, so that each pair has its own angle. And for the cockerel fish, care should be such that the fish do not become aggressive. Therefore, in one aquarium never more than one male is not settled, and at the same time with the help of plants they provide shelter for females in case of aggressive behavior of the cockerel Plants in the aquarium perform not only a decorative function, but also provide comfort to the fish. For example, the care of aquarium catfish, telescope fish, and other benthic species will require a special arrangement of the bottom. Plants and snags should be located so that the fish could hide, but it was not injured and not stuck. Beginners best to pick unpretentious fish. For example, for guppy fish, the care of which does not require compliance with complex rules or special conditions of detention.

Thanks to modern equipment aquarium fish and care for them do not require much time and effort. Even beginners can safely explore aquarium and enjoy the wonders of the underwater world right at home.

How to care for cockerel fish

The cockerel or betta fish (Latin Betta splendens) is one of the most popular aquarium fish. Natural habitat - freshwater ditches, rivers, streams of Southeast Asia. Often found in rice fields. For the first time the fish was noticed by the inhabitants of Siam at the beginning of the XIX century. The "stranger" was distinguished by aggressive behavior towards his relatives. Later, the fighting fish was transferred to the imperial court, where it was examined by European scientists invited to the country. Residents of Siam used the cockerel in the "fish" battles: the males fiercely demonstrated their strength, but no fatalities occurred.

The genus Betta charges more than 70 species, and the Betta splendens cockerel is one of them. There are 6 more types of betta, which are not related to a particular type. The genus Betta is divided into 2 groups: the representatives of the first build a foam nest, the second - incubate the eggs in the mouth. Today, aquarium betta ordinary are full of a variety of shapes and colors, so it is important for them to provide constant care.


Cockerels are small aquarium fish; in captivity, their body length reaches 4-6 cm, males are a centimeter more than females. In Betta splendens (common cock), the body color is green-olive, with dark spots or stripes. The fish mimic the environment, so the color of scales may vary. During spawning and aggression, the body becomes bright, at rest it is faded. In the wild cockerel, the fins are short and round. Now there are many breeding forms of these fish, which differ in color scales and fins.

As a representative of the contract. Labyrinth fish, the cockerel is a double-breathing fish, can breathe like gills, and there is atmospheric air. It captures air into the labyrinth channel, where it dissolves. This is a big plus, because in aquarium with cockerels aeration is not necessary, in this case it is much easier to care for a pet in an aquarium. They can be kept in "Spartan" conditions, although this is undesirable. Caring for them will not cause any trouble even to a novice in aquarism. If the aquarium water temperature, acidity, purity are maintained at a normal level, the pet will live longer.

Watch the video story about the cockerel fish.

What you need to know about the content?

Cockerel content is available at home, it is possible even in a 3-liter jar. For two individuals and more will need more capacity. Like all fish, cramped - only to the detriment. Fish will be very comfortable in a rectangular and spacious aquarium. It is not recommended to keep more than one male in the aquarium (except for the black cockerel species). Between them there are often disputes that already speak - even between the female cockerels there were fights. The result is bodily injuries, dangling fins.

If you have nowhere to settle two males - choose a large aquarium of 50-100 liters or more. You can put a partition in it, so the territory will be divided. Also, the fish have bursts of aggression, when there is a change of water or a female appears.

They are not easy to maintain with other types of fish - some are not averse to tear off the beautiful and long fins. The males themselves can attack peaceful fish with veil fins. Good aquarium neighbors - danios, speckled catfish, cardinals. Compatibility with barbs is controversial, it is possible if you find a fish with D-shaped, short fins. The males quickly get used to the neighbors, and the eviction of one of them can lead to stress.

The Betta splendens fish is a tropical species, so it is recommended to settle in aquariums with infused and warm water: water temperature 24-27 ° C, ph 6.0-8.0, hardness 5-35 dGH. Once a week it is necessary to replace 25% of water with fresh. Aeration is optional.

They can be kept in a nano aquarium, in glass containers. But think carefully, will it be convenient for a small fish in a crush? Indeed, in a limited space there is no possibility to plant the plants, install snags, decorations, shelters. To provide the fish with proper care, you need swimming space, safety and cleanliness. So you can put a filter in the aquarium so that your pet does not get sick. Lighting is necessary, in the tank you can put an LB lamp of 0.4 W per 1 liter. At night, the light is required to turn off.

Breeding rules

In the cockerel fish, sexual dimorphism is noticeable: females are smaller in size, not so bright in color, they have short fins. Males are larger, with lush and long fins. During spawning, the umbilical cord resembling a white dot can be seen in females. Fish become sexually mature at the age of 4 months, they can breed in another 2-4 months. Care of manufacturers implies a separate spawning. If the female has not reproduced for a long time, her calf turns into a cyst, which can lead to death. Males that have already multiplied have fins longer. Males live up to 3 years old, it is better not to plant old fish for spawning.

Look at the spawning of cockerels.

The spawning volume is allowed 10-20 liters, with a height of water of 15 cm. Soil is optional, and floating plants are needed. The male will provide care for the fry by building a nest of bubbles and fragments of vegetation. In the tank should be shelter for the female. The manufacturer makes a nest, and invites a female, or several females, if you have more of them.

Stimulates reproduction increased water temperature - up to 28-30 degrees Celsius. Updating the water also gives spawning signal. 2 weeks before the process, the fish are fed with live food (moth, daphnia). Aeration in spawning is not needed - it will destroy the nest, and with it, the eggs and larvae. First, a male is launched into the tank, and a female in a day.

Fish will spawn in a few days, if breeding does not occur in a few weeks, it is better to change the female. With extreme aggression of the male, change it to another. In the process of spawning, the male takes care of the female, helps her squeeze out her calf, pressing the body. He immediately fertilizes the released eggs, grabs them with his mouth and takes them to the nest. When the spawning is over, the female can be moved to a common aquarium so that it does not suffer from the male.

The larvae will hatch in 2-4 days, depending on how the temperature of the water in the aquarium increases. At this time, the parent provides masonry care, picks up dropped eggs from the nest. When the fry hatch, he will still be with them. After 4 days, the fry will swim independently; then the male can be removed. During one spawning 200-400 eggs can emerge, but 1/3 of them survive.

In the first days of their life they are fed live dust, ciliates, egg yolk from hard boiled eggs. After a week, they can be given Artemia larvae, shredded strawberry or special food for fry. In order to properly develop the labyrinth organ, it is possible to turn on weak aeration in their nursery and lower the water level. The labyrinth organ will be formed in a few months, but all this time, from incubation to the age of the young, the fry need to be constantly looked after.

Russian language Grade 8 Write instructions on "How to care for fish in an aquarium"


A full care of the fish in the aquarium is possible only with the proper diet of their food. Modernity has greatly facilitated the lives of fish owners, offering a choice of different types of food. However, it’s not worth stopping at one dry food, because the more diverse the nutrition of fish is, the healthier and more active they are. In addition to the main feed, aquarium fish can be supplemented with meat, flakes, rolled oats, and chopped lettuce.
One of the main problems in feeding fish - their obesity. Do not overfeed the inhabitants of the aquarium, because it is fraught with a violation of their reproduction, shortening life. How to determine the rate of food for fish? They must absorb the feed for 5-7 minutes, and everything else will already be superfluous. Feed the fish enough once a day (fry - 2 times).
Step 5. Take care of the aquarium
Proper care of the fish in the aquarium is also keeping them clean. В первую очередь, это своевременная замена воды. Эту процедуру нужно производить раз в неделю (в большом аквариуме - раз в месяц) . Вода, которую доливают, должна быть такой же жесткости и температуры, что и в аквариуме. Кроме того, она должна быть предварительно отфильтрована и отстояна.
Стекла аквариума чистите с помощью специального скребка, а декоративные элементы можно очистить с помощью тех же рыбок, питающихся водорослями. Populate the aquarium with a few antsistrus - these are what the "orderlies of the aquarium" are called - and all the snags will be polished to a shine!
Watch the condition of the soil - it is vital for fish and plants, serves to maintain the desired biological balance in the aquarium.
Let the care of the fish in the aquarium bring only pleasant emotions, and your aquarium pleases the eye with its beauty!

Raisa Zavtseva

Instructions on how to care for fish:
A full care of the fish in the aquarium is possible only with the proper diet of their food. You shouldn’t stop on one dry food - after all, the more diverse the nutrition of fish is, the more healthy and active they are. In addition to the main feed, aquarium fish can be supplemented with meat, flakes, rolled oats, and chopped lettuce.

Proper care of fish