Fishes

All types of aquarium fish photos and names

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The name of the aquarium fish photo catalog video species.

NAMES OF AQUARIUM FISHES.

Goldfish appeared almost more than a thousand years ago, the first color variations of the Chinese goldfish. It is from them that the goldfish with all its numerous species leads its pedigree. Aquarium for goldfish should be large, with a large pebble or gravel.

GOLD FISH Name of aquarium fish

COMET

Beautiful fish "in the soul" remained crucian and, like crucians, dig in the ground, stir up water and dig out plants. It is necessary to have powerful filters in an aquarium and plant plants with a strong root system or in pots.
Body length up to 22 cm. The body is rounded, with long veil fins. The color is orange, red, black or spotty. By a long-term selection of aquarists of the Ancient East, it was possible to bring out a huge number of beautiful species. golden fish. Among them: telescopes, veils, celestial eye, or astrologer, Shubunkin and others. They differ from each other in body shape, fins, color, and have long lost their resemblance to carp.

Name of aquarium fish-COMET

Ancistrus

Pretty small fish that can live in aquariums from 30 liters. Classic color - brown. Often these little catfish are confused with larger counterparts - pterigoplichtami. In general, a very hardworking fish and well clean growth.

Name of aquarium fish - ANCISTRUS

HUMBLER - one of the most popular aquarium fish. In nature, it is found in the waters of Honduras, Central America, Guatemala and Mexico.
Viviparous fish. Males are distinguished from females by the presence of a process in the form of a sword, hence the name. It has an interesting feature, in the absence of males, the female can change the sex and grow a "sword". They are also known for eating algae and snails.

MECHENOSTSY-Name of aquarium fish

Contents: 24 - 26 ° С; dH 8 - 25 °; pH 7 - 8

Corridor

Very cute and smart catfish corridor. We would compare them with the Pomeranian Spitz in the dog world. The bottom small fish, which does not require special conditions, feeds on what it can find at the bottom. As a rule, they are 2-10 centimeters long. Do not know who to plant in the aquarium - buy a corridor.

CORRIDORName of aquarium fish

Botsiya clown

This type of bots is the most popular among aquarists. Most likely due to the fact that clowns look very impressive, as seen in the photo. The peculiarity of the fish is spikes that are under the eyes. These spikes can be advanced when the fish are in danger. Can live up to 20 years.

BOTTION CLOWN-Name of aquarium fish

Sumatran Barbus

Perhaps one of the most spectacular types of barbs - for this and is considered one of the most popular of its kind. Keep them necessary in the pack, which makes the fish even more spectacular. Size in the aquarium - up to 4-5 centimeters.

BARBUS-The name of aquarium fish

SIAMSKAYA VODOROSLEED - peace-loving and very active fish. The best helper in the fight against algae.
Inhabits the waters of Thailand and the Malaysian Peninsula.
In nature it grows up to 16 cm, in captivity it is much smaller. Life expectancy in an aquarium can be 10 years. It eats algae of almost all types and even Vietnamese.
Contents: 24 - 26 ° С; dH 4 - 20 °; pH 6.5 - 7

AlgaeName of aquarium fish

DISKUS - the most interesting and beautiful fish, a representative of the Cichlid family. The birthplace of this fish is South America.
Discussions are calm, peaceful and a little shy. They live in the middle layers of water, they do not get along well with scalars and highly active fish. Keep should be a group of 6 or more individuals. Very demanding on water temperature. If the temperature is below 27 ° C, the discus is sick, refuse to eat and die.
Content: 27 - 33 ° С; dH to 12 °; pH 5 - 6

DISKUS-Name of aquarium fish

GUPPI - the most unpretentious fish, ideal for novice aquarists. Habitat - North part of South America and Barbados and Trinidad.
The male has a luxurious tail with a bright and beautiful pattern. The female is twice the size of the male and not so bright. This fish is viviparous. The tank should be closed. It is better to keep them in a specific aquarium, as active neighbors can damage their veil tails. Guppies are omnivores.
Content: 20 - 26 ° С; dH to 25 °; pH 6.5 - 8.5

GUPPI-Name of aquarium fish

Shark Barbus (bala)

The shark of the ball or the barbus is a fish, which was so named as a result of similarity with sharks (this can be seen from the photo of the aquarium fish next to the description). These fish are large, can grow up to 30-40 centimeters, so they are best kept together with other large barbs in the amount of 150 liters.

AKULIY BALA-Name of aquarium fish

COCK - betta fish In nature, it is found in Southeast Asia.
The only drawback is that males are very aggressive towards each other. Can grow up to 5 cm in length. Surprisingly, this fish breathes atmospheric air, due to a special labyrinth organ. The content of this fish does not require special knowledge. It is desirable to have an aquarium from 3 liters. Variety in feed is welcome.
Content: 25 - 28 ° С; dH 5 - 15 °; pH 6 - 8

COCK-Name of aquarium fish

GURAMI - peace-loving and beautiful fish. It belongs to the Labyrinth family. Found in the waters of the large islands of Indonesia, the Malacca Peninsula, southern Vietnam. They get along with any neighbors, grow up to 10 cm. It lives mainly in the upper and middle layers of water. Maximum active in the daytime. Recommended for beginner aquarists. It is necessary to keep in the aquarium at least 100 liters with live plants and bright lighting.
Contents: 24 - 26 ° С; dH 8 - 10 °; pH 6.5 - 7

GURAMI-Name of aquarium fish

Danio rerio

Small fish up to 5 centimeters. It is not difficult to recognize because of the color - a black body with longitudinal white stripes. Like all danios, nimble fish that never sits still.

DANIO-Name of aquarium fish

Telescope

Telescopes come in gold and black. In size, as a rule, they are not particularly large, up to 10-12 cm, so they can live in aquariums from 60 liters. Fish spectacular and unusual, suitable for those who love all the original.

TELESCOPE-Name of aquarium fish

Mollies black

There are black, orange, yellow, and mestizos. The form is a cross between a guppy and a swordtail. The fish is larger than the above described relatives, therefore it needs aquariums from 40 liters.

MollensiaName of aquarium fish

Pecilia

Pecillia is the personification of the whole genus - petsiliev. They can be of different colors, from bright orange, to variegated with black patches. Fish can grow to 5-6 centimeters.

PECILIA-Name of aquarium fish

Macropod

Moral fish that does not like encroachment on its territory. Though beautiful, it requires proper attitude. It is better not to plant them with their own kind, in the aquarium there is enough female and male of this species, they can get along with neons, guppies and other non-large species.

MACROPOD-Name of aquarium fish

NEON - mobile, schooling, peace-loving and very shy fish. Rod from the basin of the river Rio Negru.
In an aquarium it grows up to 3.5 cm, life expectancy up to 5 years. Keep should flock in an amount of 10 individuals. It is not worthwhile to push them into large fish, since neon can easily become their prey. Keeps in the lower and upper layers. The size of the aquarium is selected at the rate of 15 - 20 liters per couple of individuals. Feed: small bloodworm, dry flocculent.
Content: 22 - 26 ° С; dH to 8 °; pH 5 - 6.5

NEON-Name of aquarium fish

CALERY - angel fish. It is found in South America in the Amazon and Orinoco rivers.
This fish has been known to aquarists for many years. She is able to decorate with her presence absolutely any aquarium. This calm and gregarious fish with a life expectancy of 10 years. Keep it should be a group of 4 - 6 individuals. A large and hungry angelfish can eat a small fish, such as neon. And such a fish as a barbus can easily pluck her fins and antennae. Prefers live food.
Contents: 24 - 27 ° С; dH 6 - 15 °; pH 6.5 - 7.5

SCALARIUMName of aquarium fish

Tetra

Tetra fishes like when there are a lot of live plants in an aquarium, and therefore oxygen. The body of the fish is slightly oblate, the prevailing colors are red, black and silver.

TETRA-Name of aquarium fish

Ternesia

Ternetia is also called black tetra. Classic color - black and silver, in black vertical stripes. The fish is quite popular, so finding it in your city is not difficult.

TERNESIA-Name of aquarium fish

Iridescents

The size of the fish is different, but in general they do not grow more than 8-10 centimeters. There are smaller species. All the fish are beautiful, have a silver color, with different shades. Schooling fish and more calmly live in a group.

Rainbows-Name of aquarium fish

ASTRONOTUS - large, calm and a little shy fish. Occurs in the Amazon River Basins.
In the aquarium can grow up to 25 cm, the life expectancy can be more than 10 years. Little neighbors can eat. The aquarium is selected at the rate of 100 liters per individual. Sharp scenery should not be, as the astronotus in a panic can hurt yourself. Aquarium must be closed. Feed should be live food.
Content: 23 - 26 ° С; dH to 35 °; pH 6.5 - 8.5

ASTROTONUSName of aquarium fish

BLACK KNIFE - bottom and night fish. It inhabits overgrown parts of the Amazon River.
It has an interesting body structure. Can move in any direction. In an aquarium it grows up to 40 cm. During the daytime it mostly hides. It is better to keep alone, as skirmishes may occur between large individuals. An aquarium of 200 l with snags, live plants and a large number of stone shelters will be suitable for maintenance.
It feeds on live food.
Content: 20 - 25 ° С; dH 4 - 18 °; pH 6 - 7.5

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Popular aquarium fish


POPULAR AQUARIUM FISHES

Speaking about the popularity of fish, it should be said that a meaning is embedded in this concept: the prevalence among aquarists, accessibility, ease of maintenance — the simplicity of the fish, etc. That is, a popular fish is a fish deserved authority and demand in the aquarium market. Popularity does not depend on the size or type of fish. As a rule, this question is asked by novice aquarists who are going to purchase or purchase additional fish.

In this connection, it should be noted that when buying fish, first of all, it is necessary to take into account the compatibility of aquarium fish, and only then their popularity.
So, we present to your attention our selection of the most popular aquarium fish (in alphabetical order, with photos and descriptions).
Ancistrus
The most popular soma suckers. Antsistrusy not whimsical in the content, are orderlies of the aquarium world. They have a sharp character and can even drive medium-sized, neighboring fish.
Detachment, family: carps, mail catfish.
Comfortable water temperature: 22-24 ° C.
Ph: 6,5-7,5.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
Antsistrus has a mouth with horn-shaped suckers, which he actively scrapes algae in an aquarium - he cleans the walls of the aquarium and eats dead organics. I am happy to eat any live and dry food. The activity of these catfishes is manifested with the onset of twilight or when the aquarium lighting is turned off during the day.
Astronotus
These fish are hard to call easy to maintain, since they belong to the family of tsikhlovyh fish, moreover they are large, predatory fish. Nevertheless, due to its beauty, its qualities: demeanor, mind - the astronotuses won the leading positions in popularity among cichlids.
Detachment, family: cichlids
Comfortable water temperature: 22-28 ° C
Ph: 6,0-7,5.
Aggressiveness: 99% aggressive
Aquarium volume for astronotus should be from 300 to 500 liters.
Needs aeration, filtration, regular water changes (weekly 30%). Special attention should be paid to filtering - it should be powerful (the second filter will not be superfluous). The aquarium can be decorated with large stones and snags, the decor should not be sharp. Provide shelters for fish.
Barbusses
Amazingly diverse family of fish. Nimble, gregarious fish, for which it is interesting to watch. Barbs live relatively peacefully with similar medium-sized neighbors in an aquarium, but can pinch smaller and weaker fish.
Detachment, family: Carp.
Comfortable water temperature: 21-23 ° C.
Ph: 6.5-7.5.
Aggressiveness: quite aggressive 30%.
Sumatran barb compatibility: barbus, gourami, moths, parrot, catfish, creeps, tetri.
Most species of these fish can be kept in aquariums from 50 liters. Lifetime in the aquarium for them is usually 3-4 years. When keeping barbs you need to take into account the peculiarities of a particular species, since the variety of different variants of this fish often confuses novice aquarists.
Guppy
Everyone knows these fish, even those people who never had an aquarium. This is not surprising because they were the most popular inhabitants of all Soviet aquariums. Guppi fish have also earned their popularity: unpretentiousness in nutrition and maintenance, resistance to adverse conditions of detention and low price.
Poecilia reticulata or Lebistes reticulata
Detachment, family: Pecilia (Poeciliidae).
Comfortable water temperature: 20 - 26 ° C.
Ph: 6,5 - 8,5.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 0%.
Guppy Compatibility: compatible with all non-predatory and not big fish.
During the long years of keeping guppies in aquariums and careful selection, many species of guppies have been obtained, and their maintenance and maintenance are not so simple. At present, it is very difficult to classify guppies, because as a result of numerous crosses, more and more new breeds are bred each year.
Gupeshek can be kept in the general aquarium (but not with fast-floating species that can tear off their fins) with a length of 60 cm, in places with dense thickets of plants, including small-leaved, reaching the surface of the water (among them desirable Indian limnophila and glossy grass), floating plants with roots hanging down, as well as riccia, where the fry will find shelter. To the volume of the aquarium guppies are undemanding.

Gourami
Another large family is the labyrinth fish. The beauty and popularity of these fish is their diversity and beauty. And also in the fact that they are not demanding aeration of the aquarium and can go without it for a long time. This is due to the fact that the homeland - the habitat of the gourami is the rice fields of Asia, where there is little oxygen in the water, and the water itself is still standing. These fish, as a result of evolution, have learned to breathe atmospheric air, which they capture from the surface of the water with the help of the gill labyrinth.
Detachment, family: labyrinth
Comfortable water temperature: 24 - 28 ° C.
Ph: 6,5-7,5.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 40%.
For maintenance, an illuminated aquarium (overhead lighting) with a volume of 100 l and more, with thickets of living plants and free swimming space is required. It is desirable to have snags (fish constantly keep near them). Filtration, light aeration and weekly substitution of up to 30% of the volume of water are needed.
Danio
These are small, nimble fishes, which mainly swim in flocks near the surface of the water. Pink danios are especially popular. Unpretentious in content, inexpensive, can get along even with large non-predatory neighbors. An interesting fact about danios is the fact that these are the first fish that have undergone the current trend. Glofish - artificially derived form of glowing fish.
Danio pink Brachydanio albolineatus
Detachment, family: Carp.
Comfortable water temperature: 21-25 ° C
Ph: 6.5-7.5, water hardness: 5-15 °.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive. Fish are kept in an aquarium by a flock (from 6 specimens) in an aquarium with a length of 60 cm and a volume of 20 liters and more.
Discussion
Discus are the kings of the aquarium. These fish can not be called easy to maintain, unpretentious. Moreover, their cost very much bites, and their character is so capricious that sometimes even an experienced aquarist has a hard time coping with them. Nevertheless, the disc-shaped body of these South American cichlids, their coloring is just fascinating. This fish is popular because everyone wants to start it in its aquarium, but not everybody can feel it.
Discus blue Symphysodon aequifasciata haraldi
Detachment, family: South American cichlid.
Comfortable water temperature: 25-30 C.
Ph: 5,8-7,5.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
Discus is a big fish. In the natural environment, it reaches a length of 20 cm, in aquariums the size does not exceed 12 cm. The shape of the body is discoid. The dorsal and anal fins are very long, bending around almost the whole body. Pelvic fins narrow. The body is brown with vertical blue stripes. The whole body is decorated with numerous blue strokes. Males are larger and brighter than females, males fins are more pointed.
Discus demanding care - for their maintenance, a tall and spacious aquarium is needed. The minimum size of an aquarium for a couple is 150 liters. However, schooling fish and for its maintenance (5-6 individuals) an aquarium is needed from 300 to 500 liters.
Goldfish
Here we are with you and got to these posh representatives of the aquarium world. Perhaps, these fish are not only known, but also seen by everyone. After all, even with mother's milk, we all heard the fairy tale: “On the Fisherman and the Fish,” where this popular fish, or more precisely, the tail feather, became the prototype of the sea mistress. In addition, since time immemorial, namely from the time of ancient China, the monks were engaged in the selection of these fish, while receiving amazing forms from the progenitor of all Goldfish - silver carp.
Detachment, family: carp.
Comfortable water temperature: 18-23 ° C.
Ph: 5-20.
Aggressiveness: 5% are not aggressive, but they can bite each other.
Compatibility: with all peaceful and non aggressive fish.
Many novice aquarists, trying to make friends with these fish, take a whole horde of young cinchons. However, you should always remember that this is a large type of fish and for a couple of Goldfish you need an aquarium from 100l.
Corridors
This is a family of chain catfish. Popular, easy-to-keep, not capricious, peaceful catfish. They have intestinal respiration, i.e. can breathe booty - anus.
Corydoras paleatus
Detachment, family: armored soma.
Comfortable water temperature: 24-25 ° C.
Ph: 6,0-7,0.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive.
Compatibility: any fish. Only not desirable - Labo, modest bots, well, Ancistrus, because they chase them (although this is more like a game). Large cichlids are also not the best neighbors. The most famous catfish and excellent attendants of the aquarium - by keeping them with "Goldfish" you will ensure the purity of the soil in the aquarium.
Lyalius
Another of the members of the labyrinth fish family. In this topic, it is singled out separately, since lalyusy have a calm and peaceful disposition. Unlike gourami, they peacefully coexist with the most innocent fish.
Detachment, family: labyrinth
Comfortable water temperature: 18-20 ° C.
Ph: 6,5-7,0.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
Lyalius is one of the most beautiful, attractive fish of the labyrinth family. The fish is not big in the aquarium can reach 5-6cm. The body of the fish is flat. The lilius color is greenish-blue with transverse stripes of red and blue-blue color, the belly near the gills is blue. The fins of lalius are covered with red spots. The male lyalius differs from the female in a brighter color. They are the same size. Lyalius live only for a short period of 2-3 years.
Fish has a timid character. It is advisable to put lyalius in the aquarium with calm, peaceful fish. It is recommended to keep cutting with a flock of 3pcs., So the fish feel more confident.
Swordtails
Bright, lively representatives of viviparous fishes. Hardy, active, cheap in price. May contain peaceful cichlids, for example, scalar.
Xiphophorus helleri
Detachment, family: petsilievye.
Water temperature: 20 - 25 ° C.
Ph: 7,0 - 7,5.
dH: 5-20°.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
These fish have a variety of shapes, types and colors. They have a specific tail tail that is unique to them, for which they are among the people that got their name. In addition, swordtails belong to the species of viviparous fish and therefore their breeding does not pose any difficulty.
The combination of the above factors affected not only the popularity of these fish, but it can be said to have made them popular.
Neon
Neons are one of the smallest aquarium fish, look beautiful in a flock. Absolutely peaceful, harmless fish, which can talk for hours.
Paracheirodon
Detachment, family: carp-shaped, haracin
Comfortable water temperature: 18-24 ° C
"Acidity" Ph: 5,5 - 8°.
Stiffness dH: 5-20° .
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 0%.
The complexity of the content: easy
Neon Compatibility: non-aggressive, peaceful fish (neons, tetras, swordtails, petsyli, ornatus, pulchera, lanterns).
Not compatible: Neon can not be kept with large, aggressive fish: tsikhly, barbs, large catfish, goldfish, Labe, gourami.
Petushki or Betta
Very beautiful fish, its veil tail and fins just fascinate. The color of the fish is different. The most common ink color with a reddish tint. Males are colored much brighter, fins are longer than those of females. Fish size up to 7 cm.
Detachment, family: labyrinth
Comfortable water temperature: 22-24 ° C.
Ph: 6,0-7,5.
Aggressiveness: aggressive males in relation to each other.
Compatibility: with all the peaceful fish. It is not necessary to plant to the swordtails, barbs, gourami, especially to tsikhlam.
Angelfish
Angelfish are popular American cichlids. They favor peaceful and not very large neighbors. Angelfish do not uproot aquarium plants, as many cichlids do.
Latin name: Pterophyllum scalare.
Detachment, family: Perciformes (Perciformes), cichlids, cichlids (Cichlidae).
Comfortable water temperature: 22-27 ° C.
"Acidity" Ph: 6-7,5.
Stiffness dH: to 10 .
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 30%.
The complexity of the content: easy
Compatible scalar: although the scalars are cichlids, they are not aggressive. Favorable attitude even to small, peaceful fish and even to vivipartes. As neighbors, we can recommend: the Red Sword-bearers (they look great with black sklyarias), terntions and other tetras, danios, all soma, gourami and lyaliusi, parrots and eloi, other non-aggressive cichlids.
These South American cichlids simply fascinate with their elegance and beauty of sailing fins, which, like the wings of an angel, support it in dimensional weightlessness. Actually not for nothing foreign these fish are called angels.
Ternetsii
Thorns is a small, popular dark silver fish. It can be found in any pet store and in many home aquarium. Its unpretentious content, ease of breeding, peaceful nature - deserves the attention of aquarists beginners.
Latin name: Gymnocorymbus ternetzi
Synonyms: Black, mourning
In English: Black skirt tetra, Black Widow tetra, Black tetra.
Detachment, family: Characteristic.
Comfortable water temperature: 21 - 24 p.
"Acidity" Ph: 5,7 - 7,0.
Rigidity: up to 6-16 °.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 20%.
The complexity of the content: easy
Torakatum
Tarkarums are one of the most common catfish in our aquariums. Their popularity is due to the simplicity of content, endurance and peaceful disposition of these fish.
Latin name: Hoplosternum thoracatum.
Correct name: Many people call this fish tarakatum, probably comparing it with a cockroach, but the correct way to speak is thoracatum, from the Latin "thorax" - the shell.
Synonyms: Torakatum, Hoplosternum, Som Toraktum, Tarakatum Som.
Detachment, family: Carapace soms.
Water temperature: 22-28 ° C.
Ph "acidity": 5,8-7,5.
dH: Up to 25 °.
Aggressiveness: Not aggressive 0%.
The complexity of the content: Very light
Compatibility: In fact, any fish - these catfish do not pose any threat to other inhabitants of the aquarium.
Tsikhlazoma black-striped
Black-striped tsikhlasoma - one of the most popular fish of the family tsikhlazom. These are relatively small, unpretentious in keeping fish, possessing a beautiful, sophisticated body color and what is important, unlike many cichlids, have a more relaxed character.
Latin name: Cichlasoma nigrofasciatum. From the Latin words "nigro" - black and "fascia" - ribbon, belt, strip.
Russian synonyms: Black-striped cichlinoma, black-striped cichlasoma, black-striped cichlamose.
Foreign names: Zebra Cichlid, Zebra chanchito, Convict Cichlid, Zebrabuntbarsch Grunflossenbuntbarsch, Blaukehlchen.
Order, suborder, family: Perciformes (Perciformes), Okunevidnye, Tsikhlovye (Cichlidae).
Comfortable water temperature: 20-28 ° C.
"Acidity" Ph: 6.8-8.0.
Stiffness dH: 8-30°.
Aggressiveness: 30% are relatively non-aggressive, aggression is shown during the spawning and care of offspring.
The complexity of the content: easy
Some may say that the peak of their popularity has passed, that now there are many other more colorful forms of cichlids and cichlase in particular. However, the statistics are not lying! Today, black-striped tsikhlazoma, the most popular of all tsihlazom in search Yandex. Every month more than 2200 users of this search engine apply for this request.
We also recommend you to look at the colorful brochure "Popular types of aquarium fish". This brochure contains all popular types of fish, with a description of their conditions of maintenance, compatibility, feeding + photos.

(to view or download, click on the image)


Aquarium fish: species, names, list, photo-video review


AQUARIUM FISH AND FISH

I think that a person who asks such a search query as "aquarium fish" would like to get a good Internet resource at the exit and get to the starting page from which it would be possible to start and get answers to interesting questions about the world of aquarium fish.

Actually, this prompted me to do some kind of compilation - to work out as much as possible and put in one article everything related to aquarium fish with links to the desired page. I hope that this article will become your starting point in the world of aquarium fish. So, for convenience, we divide the article into sections:
1. A bit of history about aquarium fish.
2. Types and names of aquarium fish.
3. General conditions of aquarium fish.
4. What do aquarium fish eat?
5. What are aquarium fish?
6. Aquarium fish and plants.
7. Aquarium fish and other inhabitants.
8. Requirements for aquarium water for fish.
9. Rules that will be the key to the health and well-being of your aquarium fish.
1. A LITTLE HISTORY OF AQUARIUM FISHES

Everything to which humanity participates undergoes changes, this fate and the world of aquarium fish did not escape. Somewhere, human intervention was useful, but somewhere destructive for the current aquarium inhabitants. In any case, in recent years, people's interest in the aquarium has grown, has acquired enormous proportions and sizes. What are the huge oceanariums, tireless Chinese selection of goldfish, in the end, the genetic modification of aquarium fish - Glofish.
It all began like this. The first mention of the aquarium and aquarium fish dated to the times of ancient Egypt, from which it can be concluded that aquarium inhabitants from time immemorial, along with cats and dogs, were friends of man.
However, the beginning of aquaristics are considered 618-907gg. When Chinese Buddhist monks began with a scientific approach to breed and select goldfish. But they, before the modern aquarium world was still far away, as the aquarium fish were kept either in ponds or in flowerpots and it was possible to watch them only from above.
The breakthrough came in 1841. - there was the first real "modern" aquarium.
The starting point of aquarism in Russia can be considered 1862. associated with the creation of the Moscow Zoological Garden. You can learn more about the history of aquarium fish in the article:
The origin of the aquarium, the meaning of the word aquarium

2. TYPES AND NAMES OF AQUARIUM FISHES
The aquarium world is so diverse that to list all the families, squads, clans, species and subspecies — even Wikipedia is not strong enough. The world knows, according to various sources, from 25,000 to 31,000 species of fish.
Types of aquarium fish with the names of their representatives Anabasovye (Anabantidae)
Anabasas or Slider Fish and Ctenopomes


Apteronotye (Apteronotidae) Black Knife

Badia (Badidae)
Badis Badis, Chameleon Fish

Fringed or Peristose Som Synodontis


Bronykovy or sidescale catfish
Agamixis, Platidoras.


Gobies (Gobiidae): Bullhead spotted.

Loach species (Cobitidae) Acantoftalmusy and Bothia.

Goodyevye (Goodeidae) Xenotoka red-tailed.

Puffer or Four-toothed, toothed (Tetraodontidae) Tetraodons

Carp (Cyprinidae)
Barusy, Danio, Goldfish.


Cartooth teeth (Cyprinodontidae) Afiosemion south

Wedge-bellied or Gasteropelekovye (Gasteropelecidae) Sternikla, Gasteropelekus sternikla, common speck.

Mail catfish or Loricariidae catfish (Loricariidae) Ancistrus, Ototsinkluy

Labyrinth (Belontiidae)
Betty - Petushki, Gourami, Lyaliusa, Macropods


Bag-bearing catfish or Bagniferous (Heteropneustidae) Catfish bag-tabernacle


Notopterovye, spinoperoe (Notopteridae)
Knife-read eye, Silver Blanche knife

Bastard Catfish (Callichthyidae)
Torakatum, koridoryasy- speckled catfish, etc.


Pecilia (Poeciliidae) Guppies, Sword, Mollies, Pecilia


Pimelodic or Flat-headed catfish. Antennaous catfish (Pimelodidae). Bearded catfish, Zebra microglanis.

Polurilye (Hemirhamphidae) Poluoryl red-black

The iris (Melanotaeniidae)
Melanotenias and Irises

Hack catfish (Chacidae) Hack or frog short

Character (Characidae)
Neons, Orantusi, Pulcher, Tetras, Tairee

Helostoma (Helostomatidae) Gourami kissing

Hobotnorylye (Mastacembelidae) Mastamembel red-striped, Mastamembelus red-striped, Hobotyryl red-striped, Fiery eel

Centropomovye (Centropomidae) Perch glass

Cichlids or Cichlidae (Cichlidae) Akaras, Apistorams, Discus, Parrots, Angelfish, Tsichlamozy


Shilbovy catfish (Schilbeidae)
Shark catfish, Freshwater shark, Siamese pangasius


Wide-headed catfish or Aspredinaceae (Aspredinidae) Bunocephalus or Som snag


Electric soma: Catfish electric.
As you can see, there are 30 types of aquarium fish. Imagine what the list will be if the fish are divided into subspecies and variations. I think just 30,000 thousand and typed. Here is a list of aquarium fish from our site: HERE !!! We also recommend you to look at the colorful brochure "Popular types of aquarium fish". This brochure contains all popular types of fish, with a description of their conditions of maintenance, compatibility, feeding + photos.

(to view or download, click on the image)


3. CONDITIONS OF THE CONTENT OF AQUARIUM FISHES It's all much easier than with species of aquarium fish. Actually, the general conditions include:
- the volume and size of the aquarium;
- compatibility of aquarium fish with each other;
- compatibility of fish and other inhabitants of the underwater world;
- feeding aquarium fish.
- diseases aquarium fish.
- aquarium fish and plants.
- composition and parameters of aquarium water for fish.

The topics listed above are very voluminous, some deserve writing a whole book. Taking into account the objectives of this article, I will try everything compact and affordable to state. Volume and size of the aquarium - the basis, the basis, the beginning of all the aquarium began. Simply put, what kind of aquarium you will get a house for aquarium fish, such and you will be fish. Buy a "small family" (up to 50l.) - there will live guppes there, and tetras with swordtails; buy a "two-piece" (100l.) - populate Goldfish, "three rubles" (150) - large and medium cichlids, well, for pent- Hausa (from 200-300l.) - Discuss and Astronotusy will do.
The quality characteristics of the aquarium affects not only its volume, but also the size (shape). The price is always long aquariums, as in such an aquarium the fish will have a place to roam. In a short aquarium, they are unlikely to "surrender swimming standards."
Therefore, choosing an aquarium, you should first think about its future tenants. After all, the head of the REP is you, and only it depends on you who will live the akvadome entrusted to you and how!
Compatibility of aquarium fish with each other - how many books have been written, how many articles, debates and forums on this topic are there. Nevertheless, people manage to make the most serious mistakes: to combine the uncombinable and to push the non-punch! Especially, for some reason, this fate befalls Goldfish when they are shoved into a 40-liter aquarium with a crowd, and, for greater beauty, they sit down to them, for example, a Labo. And then they are surprised, "that they die and are covered with some kind of cotton."
My call, you can say - the cry of the soul: "Follow the rules of compatibility and living space per capita !!!"
More information about this can be found here in this article: Compatibility of aquarium fish. How many fish can be in an aquarium of X liters (at the bottom of the article, select the volume of aquarium you need).
4. WHAT AQUARIUM FISHES EAT
Modern aquaria does not know the problems in this matter. In pet stores you will be offered a variety of food for your pets. From you envy is just a question - the correctness of feeding and diet of aquarium fish.
The most common mistake is overfeeding fish. Remember, it is better to feed less fish than to feed them. From excess food in fish there are gastrointestinal diseases, and the aquarium turns into a warehouse of stubs, which in turn leads to a violation of the biobalance.
The second important thing that you need to pay attention to is a balanced, complete nutrition of aquarium fish. Do not feed the fish only dry food, enter into their diet a variety of food and then your pets will be "white and fluffy." In addition, consider the features of the fish, if the fish love plant food, pick exactly the food with the addition of vegetation, or buy them cheap plants for feed.
We read and ask questions here: How and how much to feed aquarium fish. See also: How to feed goldfish?
5. WHAT AQUARIUM FISHES ARE PAINFUL
Fish, like people get sick. And most of the diseases they have also arise from poor living conditions. From here we can conclude: Your care, attention and proper care is the key to the health and longevity of aquarium friends. But still, if we were three times attentive, sometimes we get into trouble and the fish get sick. One thing pleases - almost all fish diseases are treatable, it is only important to make the correct diagnosis and apply the correct treatment.
The following sections of our site will help you with this:
Diseases of fish
DISEASES OF FISHES
AQUA MEDICINE
And also article: treatment and diseases of small fishes.
6. AQUARIUM FISHES AND PLANTS

I think that it will be no secret to anyone that the plants are the lungs of the aquarium and the redefining component of the excellent biobalance of the aquarium world. An aquarium without live plants, like an apartment without furniture - everything seems to be fine, but somehow it is not comfortable! For many fish, a plant is not only food, but a place of shelter, sleep and spawning.
I suggest you to go through the list of aquarium plants and read more about what you like: AQUARIUM PLANTS.
7. AQUARIUM FISHES AND OTHER DOMAINS
Of course, the aquarium world does not end with the fish. In addition to the fish in the aquarium live: mollusks, crustaceans, crabs, shrimps, tritons and turtles. However, in many cases this neighborhood is strictly limited. Since, many fish are not away profit from snails or shrimps and vice versa turtles eat small fish in two accounts.
Although on the other hand the presence in the aquarium, the same snails coils, not so bad! They will be excellent feed and will be a great addition to the dinner of your aquarium fish. That will save you money and time.
Here is a section of our site dedicated to "other inhabitants" of the aquarium:
Shellfish and others.
8. REQUIREMENTS FOR AQUARIUM WATER FOR FISH
This is certainly a topic for writing a thesis! As for people, air, as for fish, water is the primary factor of existence. How you “tune” it will be envy and the health and appearance of the aquarium and fish.
The main parameters of the aquarium water are:
- t ° C, aquarium water temperature.
- hD, aquarium water hardness.
- pH, "acidity" of aquarium water.
- rH, ORP aquarium water.
Given the volume of this issue, I will give you links to each water parameter:
AQUARIUM WATER: parameters of aquarium water. Aquarium water temperature.
How and how much water in the aquarium?

Also, do not forget about the product of ammonia decomposition: NH4, N02, NO3.

9. RULES THAT WILL BECOME A MORTGAGE OF HEALTH AND GOOD WELLBEING OF YOUR AQUARIUM FISH

Summarizing this article to a logical conclusion, I would like to focus on simple, not difficult rules:

- initially select the aquarium for the fish, not the fish for the aquarium;

- follow the rules of compatibility of aquarium fish;

- Observe the rules of the settlement of the aquarium fish;

- defend the aquarium water, but rather use melted, boiled, distilled water;

- feed the fish wisely;

- make your aquarium beautiful and cozy. Do not forget about plants and other abodes of the aquarium kingdom.

- Watch the parameters and composition of the aquarium water.

Useful video about aquarium fish

Types of aquarium fish

The role of the aquarium in the apartment is interesting: a piece of the water element, placed in the interior of the citizen's dwelling, is an excellent element of decor, as well as a means for relaxation after a busy day full of stress. Aquarium fish, embodied in your apartment in miniature, will bring you a lot of joy. But when starting an aquarium, it is important to understand what types of aquarium fish will live in it and how.

Leafing through the catalog, delving into the photo and names of aquarium fish, first of all, you should decide on the purpose of the upcoming purchase: do you want to engage in breeding or start an aquarium of aesthetic motives?

Breeding takes a lot of time and effort, as certain species of aquarium fish require special conditions for reproduction. You also need to find out under what conditions a particular species of aquarium fish will acquire the desired external parameters (the appearance and temperature of water, lighting, and the nature of food can significantly influence the appearance).

Creating an "underwater world" with an aesthetic goal is a somewhat different task from selection. Here you are primarily in the help of catalogs, in which various types of aquarium fish in pictures are presented. However, here, studying photos and descriptions of aquarium fish, you should choose the inhabitants of the aquarium, which require similar conditions of detention and are not part of each other's food chain. Failure to follow these principles will lead to disease and death of fish.

Many years of work of aquarists and breeders have led to the fact that all the names of aquarium fish can not be mentioned even in the volume brochure. Therefore, below we provide a table that includes a brief description of the most common individuals.

Who will make friends with someone under water

In order to have less discord in your tank, its inhabitants should not be cramped. For each fish up to 5 cm in size it is necessary to have 8-10 liters of aquarium volume, 10 cm in size - 15-20 liters, over 15 cm - 25-30 liters. These figures are not “the truth of last resort” and are given with some margin, but they should not be exceeded. Do not forget that plants and soil in your tank also take up some space.

Remember that some species of aquarium fish can produce offspring only if there are no "alien" neighbors around at all. In other words, there is often a situation where a certain type of aquarium fish, capable of living in a common aquarium, breeds only in a “species” domestic pond.

No matter how much you like the photos and the names of the aquarium fish from the catalog, new pets cannot be moved into the general aquarium if they are incompatible with those that already live in your home pond.

You can create a set of fish for the aquarium yourself using the table below.

Also a good solution would be to use one of the time-tested sets of aquarium fish.

Set number 1: Aquarium with viviparous fish

guppy

Viviparous aquarium fish include Guppies, Mollies, Petsilii, Sword. In the aquarium of 100 liters can be placed 20-25 individuals. Viviparous coexist well with neighbors from the family of the Haracin. They can also be combined with small carp sizes (rasbora).

Most tropical aquatic plants will also feel good in a similar aquarium.

Set number 2: Aquarium with barbs

Sumatran barb

In a 100-liter aquarium it is advisable to settle 10-15 scarlet, green and cherry barbs. You can also add Sumatran barbus, but remember that they can damage the mustache of snails and pluck the most delicate plants.

Set number 3: A variety of aquarium

Bottom. Catfish Corridors, schooling fish, so you can settle up to 5 pcs.

The middle water layer. For this layer, you can choose barbs (cherry or green) in an amount of not less than 6 individuals (4 males and 2 females).

Upper layer. Gourami - 2 individuals. The only difficulty with these fish is to determine the floor when buying.

To clean the glass you can buy snails - 3-4 pcs.

This set is very well balanced. Such an aquarium can include many types of aquarium plants, and the biological balance in it will be very stable.

Set number 4: Aquarium with goldfish

Goldfish are often prone to disease and need frequent water changes. The low water temperature necessary for their maintenance will not allow most of the other representatives of the aquarium flora and fauna to settle with goldfish. For a 100 liter aquarium, one pair will be enough.

Studying varieties of aquarium fish, over time you will be able to make a good set yourself. It is only necessary to show imagination and be attentive to your underwater pets.

Aquarium fish and their homeland, the conditions of the aquarium fish.

Names of aquarium fish

Country of origin

Family

Description

Conditions of detention

AngelfishSouth AmericaCyclicPeaceable, gregarious. High, laterally compressed body, natural pigmentation silver with black stripes, size up to 15 cm. Fins are elongated in the threadTemperature: 24-30 C;

Water parameters: 5.0-13.0 dGH, 6.0-8.0 pH

BarbussesSouth, Southeast Asia, Africa, EuropeCarpSemi-aggressive, active. Stretched body, two-bladed tail fin. Size up to 8 cm.Temperature: 20-26 C;

Water parameters: pH 6.5-7.5; dH 4-10 °

Replace up to 30% of water every week.

CockerelsSoutheast AsiaMacropodWarlike, have short, round fins and cycloid scales, body size up to 7 cm.Temperature: 24-26 C;

Water parameters: 4-15 °, pH 6.0-7.5

Soma CorridorsSouth America, UruguayCatfishSchool, peace-loving. The body is tight, shortened, convex backTemperature: 20-25 C;

Water parameters: 20 ° DGH, pH 6.0-7.5

DanioSoutheast Asia (Nepal, India)CarpBody length is up to 6 cm., The body is oblong, laterally flattened, with its back fin shifted backTemperature: 23-25 ​​° C;

Water parameters: 20 ° DGH, pH 7.5

DiscussionSoutheast AsiaCyclicBody length up to 25 cm., The body is round in shape, has a strong luster, peaceful, gregarious, prefer solitudeTemperature: 28-32 ° C;

Water parameters: 5.5 to 6.5 pH; 20-25 DGH

GoldfishSoutheast Asia, MalaysiaCarpThe body is elongated and flattened at the sides, length from 18-26 cm., Peaceful, but prefer solitude.Temperature: 15-20 C;

Water parameters: 6.0-8.0 pH; 20 DGH

GouramiIndochina

about. Sumatra

ChelostomyThe length reaches 20 cm., The body is short, the dorsal fin is rounded or elongated, peacefulTemperature: 22 - 28 ° С

Water parameters: 4-10 ° DGH, pH 6.0-7.0,

GuppyCentral America, BrazilPeciliaBody elongated, length from 2 to 7 cm, oblate, with diamond-shaped scales, fins long, calm in natureTemperature: 20-28 C;

Water parameters: 5-25 DGH, pH 7-8.5

BotsiNew Guinea, o.SumatraLunarBody shape is round, flat belly, length 8-11 cm., Fearful, peacefulTemperature: t 25-30,

Water parameters: pH 6.5-7.2, dH 4-14

MolliesNorth America, MexicoPeciliaThe body is short, the tail fin is rounded, length up to 15 cm., Get along well with fish of equal size.Temperature: 25-30 C;

Water parameters: dH 10 - 25 °, pH 7.2 - 8.5.

AstronotusAmazon ParaguayCyclicPredators, body length from 20 to 25 cm, body shape roundedTemperature:

Water parameters: up to 35 DGH, pH up to 8.5

PequillyAfrica, MadagascarPeciliaDense, flattened laterally body, 4-5 cm., Peaceful, calmTemperature: 23-26 C;

Water parameters: 8-25 DGH, 7.5-8 pH

Catfish BagullabsCambodia, Vietnam, MalaysiaCatfish25-35 cm., Elongated body, get along with fish of similar sizeTemperature: 21-25 ° C;

Water parameters: DGH up to 20 °, pH b, 5-7.5

IridescentsPapua New GuineaMelanosenyOval, elongated body, up to 14 cm long, peaceful, get along well with other fishTemperature: 22-27 C;

Water parameters: DGH 2-16 °, pH 6.0-7.8

RasboryThailandCarpThin tail comb, tall body, length up to 4.5 cm, schooling, peace-lovingTemperature: 24 - 28 С;

Water parameters: pH 6-7.5; DGH 9-18

LabeoSouth Africa and Southeast AsiaCarpThe body is elongated, the fins are rounded, the length of the body is 8-12 cm., PeacefulTemperature: 24-27 ° C;

Water parameters: DGH 4-20 °, pH 6.0-7.5

SwordtailsCentral America, South MexicoPeciliaThe body is short, wide, length is 8-12 cm., Peaceful and calm.Temperature: 21-25 ° C;

Water parameters: dH 5-20 °, pH 7.0-8.0

Aquarium plants description of the use of types of photos and videos.

Aquarium plants DESCRIPTION

Aquarium plants are aquatic plants cultivated in a freshwater aquarium. Most of them are of tropical and subtropical origin [1], and are marsh [2] or coastal (hydrophytes), that is, able to exist in a state completely submerged in water, and significantly rise above the surface of the water (as in the paludarium). The main part of the aquarium plant is a department of flowering plants, there are also a few representatives of mosses and ferns.

Algae, with rare exceptions, are pests of aquarium plants [3] and of the aquarium as a whole. Many people who plant and develop an aquarium, for some reason believe that aquarium plants are unnecessary trouble and care. However, it is not! In this article I will try to make out the main aspects related to the life of aquarium plants and dispel the Myth "On the complexity of keeping and breeding plants in an aquarium."
To begin with, there are a huge number of plant species for the aquarium. Some of them are really difficult to maintain. But there is a lot of plants that do not require special care, except that your not intrusive attention, comparable to the care of indoor plants.

aquarium plants

About the benefits of aquarium plants

Plants in the aquarium play a huge role in the life of its inhabitants. It can be said that the presence of plants in an aquarium is just a huge amount of advantages, which ones? Yes, here they are:
- plants are the "light" aquarium;
- plants are an established aquarium biosystem, no harmful substances in the water, no algae;
- plants is the sensor of the state of the aquarium;
- plants are a natural interior and "hospital" for fish, fry, shrimp, snails, etc.
- plants it is an additional food for aquarium inhabitants;
- plants set up an aquarium so that you can safely leave it and go on vacation;
- live aquarium plants - it is beautiful, natural and aesthetic; In the process of plant life in an aquarium, under the action of light, known photosynthesis is carried out. As a result of which, plants consume carbon dioxide (CO2) and release oxygen. Thus, in your aquarium there will never be unnecessarily accumulated CO2, which is emitted by fish and other inhabitants of the aquarium, and aquarium water will naturally be saturated with oxygen. Some experienced aquarists, with the help of plants, achieve such a biological equilibrium in the aquarium that they do not need mechanical aeration and filtration of water. Imagine - the aquarium does not buzz, electricity is not consumed - beauty !!! True, in order to accomplish this, you need to gain a lot of experience and know aquarism thoroughly. Actually, this aspect follows from the previous PLUS. In addition to the benefits of photosynthesis of aquarium plants, they also absorb harmful substances that also accumulate from the vital activity of fish and other comrades. Namely, plants absorb nitrates, nitrites and phosphates, using them as fertilizers. Thus, we get a "clean" aquarium, which is needed rarely, rarely siphon, or even forget about it at all! Everything is simple! Aquarium plants are the primary indicator of the status of your aquarium. If the plants "wither", turn yellow and rot - this is a sure sign of the poor condition of the aquarium and conversely lush, beautiful spreads - this is a 100% indicator of the excellent state of the aquarium world.

aquarium plants

Types of aquarium plants

First group - plants that live on the bottom of the aquarium or near the surface of the water (Moss-like: Hypnous, Richchievye, Spring).

Second group - float freely in the thickness or near the surface of the water, as a rule, they are not fixed in the ground (Bladderwort, Hornberry, Rosyanka, Lepper).

Third group - float freely on the surface of the water (Azolla, Vodokrasovye, Pontederievye, Salvinievye).

Fourth group - grow on the bottom, bloom under water (Zanikellievy, Naiad) or only flower stalks with flowers (Wallisneria, Water buttercups, Urut) are carried to the surface of the water.

Fifth group - grow in the soil, form leaves and flowers floating on the surface of the water (Aponogeton, Nymphaeaceae).

Sixth group - marsh and coastal plants, strongly towering above the surface of the water (Aroid [Cryptocoryn], Sedge, Particle [Echinodorus]) [

How to plant plants in an aquarium?

Before landing each plant it is necessary to clean the filamentous algae attached to it, the eggs of snails. Remove damaged areas. Then it must be sanitized for about 20 minutes in a pink (to red) solution of potassium permanganate. It is also recommended bath (5 - 10 minutes) with a solution of alum (1 tsp / 1 liter of water) or washing with a solution of hydrogen peroxide (1 tsp / 1 liter of water). After which the plants must be rinsed.

To accelerate the growth of the roots can be slightly trimmed. Then it is necessary to fill the aquarium with washed soil to a height of not more than 10 cm and fill it with water (5 - 10 cm). To place the plants in the aquarium, you must start from the back wall. The highest plants are planted in the background. The viewing side, as a rule, is left free or distributed along it by those plant species that remain small or form a continuous vegetation cover.

When planting the roots must be placed in the direction of their natural growth. So, in cryptocoryne and vallisnerium, roots grow vertically downwards, while in aponogetons and echinodorus roots go down only a few centimeters and spread, as a rule, horizontally.

In order to place the roots in the ground vertically downwards, it is necessary to make a hole a little deeper and place the plant in it so that it sinks just below the root neck, but the root has been straightened. Then, having applied the soil slightly, very carefully pull the plant upward so that the root neck appears. Thus, even the thinnest branching roots will be located directly in the ground.

The typical mistake of many aquarists when planting plants in an aquarium: the roots should not be bent (a), but completely, with all their processes, directly located in the ground (b). The easiest way to do this is to make a hole deeper, plant a plant there, and then slightly pull it up.

When planting plants that have horizontally growing roots, it is necessary to cut an oblong and not too deep hole, place the roots in it with a "fan" and then sprinkle them with soil.

Creeping plants should be planted in groups of 4-6 pieces, like bushes, otherwise they have an unpresentable appearance. But at the same time the distance between each of them should be about 1-2 cm (this is especially important for cabomb).

Plants that do not grow in size during growth are also usually planted in groups.

Plants with a horizontally branching rhizome, such as calamus, should be planted under a slope so that the areas that allow shoots protrude from the ground.

Aquatic plants, floating in the water column and receiving food directly from the water through special organs on their leaves, are planted in the ground by cuttings, without roots. Before planting, it is necessary to remove the leaves from the two lower nodes of the stem. Flat stones will help keep the plants from ascending until they take root.

Plants, receiving food from the soil exclusively with the help of the roots, as well as plants that, although they hardly “work” with the roots, still need nutrients (for example, aponogeton, echinodorus, cryptocoryne), must be placed in the soil in pots or pots. These bowls can be filled with an earthy mixture consisting of two-thirds of the clay and aquarium peat. Nowadays, specially prepared mixes for aquariums are on sale.

It is strictly not recommended to use earth mixtures for flowers in an aquarium. Чтобы не портить оформление аквариума видом выступающих из грунта высоких плошек и горшков, их обычно декорируют камнями.

Посадку растений в горшки также рекомендуется использовать в аквариумах, где предполагается содержание роющих грунт рыб, например цихлид.

In addition, the maintenance of plants in pots has the advantage that when cleaning the bottom of the soil vessels can simply be removed from the aquarium and then put back without damaging the roots.

VIDEO PRO AQUARIUM PLANTS

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