Yellow fish


TOP yellow aquarium fish

Yellow aquarium fish will give saturation to your aquarium. There are species that the wild nature has endowed with a yellow body color, other fish were bred as a result of selection work. Nowadays, you can buy both freshwater and marine fish with a yellow color, so the choice is wide.

Yellow freshwater fish

Labidochromis yellow (yellow) is a beautiful aquarium fish of the Cichlid family (from Malawi). In captivity can grow in size from 8 to 12 cm. At labidochromis, the body is elongated, flattened on either side. Scale color is yellow; there is a horizontal black stripe on the dorsal fin. The abdominal and anal fins are black. The tail is translucent with black spots. There are instances with a completely yellow body. Keep the fish better in a pair or several pairs in a spacious aquarium (100 liters for two individuals). The fish has a livable nature, so both calm and active fish can become its neighbors. Young labidochromis are grayish-yellow. Life expectancy is 10 years.

Yellow mollies - light-loving aquarium fish. Body color is rich yellow, dark spots can be found on fins. In length, the fish grows no more than 5 cm. Some individuals may have a greenish or malachite outflow of scales. There is no albinism among the yellow mollies. The fish have dark eyes with silver iris around the pupils. Fry of yellow species have a dark color. You need to keep the fish in a tropical aquarium with a water temperature of 24-27 o C, you can a small flock. Get on with peaceful fish of small size.

Girinoheylus - aquarium fish that reaches the size of 15-25 cm in length. Belongs to the carp family, the second name is the Chinese seaweed. Thanks to the suction mouth, the girinoheylus scrapes off the algal fouling. It is believed that this is an aggressive look, so it can engage in fights with its kindred. They are usually kept alone, or in the company of other fish, but in a very spacious tank. Externally, the fish looks elegant - the body of elongated symmetry, the color is golden yellow. The eyes are large, black with gold rims. Girinoheylus eat only vegetable food - plants, algae and vegetables.

See how the girinoheylus fights with platydhoras.

Yellow, or gold ancistrus - beautiful fish for the aquarium, which bring good luck. Can grow up to 15 cm in length. The mouth has a pair of antennae. The head is large, the eyes are black with golden irises. Lead a bottom life. Due to the relatively large size, it is better to keep the fish with proportionate relatives, or with larger fish. Small fish can be taken as food. Antsistrus brings benefits to the aquarium - cleans the glass of the tank, plants and decorations from algal fouling.

Barbus Schubert is a carp fish from the freshwater rivers of Southeast Asia. The body length is 5-7 cm. The body has a brilliant yellow tint. There are black horizontal stripes on the body, and a horizontal strip with an orange tint on the bottom of the body. On the body can be randomly scattered black spots. Fins are brownish-orange, two-blade tail fin. Males have a brighter color. The body is dense, flattened on the sides. Schooling view, it is better to contain 8-10 individuals in a spacious tank. These barbs are peaceful fish, so you can keep them with their neighbors proportionate and calm.

Yellow parrot - artificially bred cichlid. The body is round, barrel-shaped, the lips are large, the color is bright yellow, monophonic. Body size - up to 20 cm in length, life expectancy - 10 years. The fins are small, strong body. But the spine is deformed, which affects the ability to swim. With age, body color turns pale. It has a playful, peaceful and friendly character. Parrot fish rarely spawn, and it is barren, although the male and female will care for it until they eat it.

Yellow sea fish

Zebra yellow - a sea fish, belongs to the Surgical family. The length of the body is 20 cm. The fish is distinguished by its active behavior and unpretentious content. Body color is lemon yellow, eyes are large. Caudal fin single-blade, small. Swims in the bottom layers of the aquarium, in the ground looking for food. When it darkens in the aquarium, a brownish stain appears on the body with a white line. In the daytime, this stain disappears. There are instances of albinos. Males are slightly larger than females, although sex differences are barely noticeable. The fry are also yellow.

Take a look at the zebra yellow.

Centropig yellow - a fish originally from the Pacific Ocean. The color is golden yellow, horizontal blue stripes are found on the fins. Behind the eye there is a vague blue spot, the lower lip is also blue in color. The maximum body size is 10 cm in length. In the wild, centropigi live in harem groups of 4-6 individuals. Adult fish feed on sponges and algae, young - on plankton. In captivity they adapt well, it is recommended to settle in aquariums with a volume of 80 liters or more. The water temperature is 24-26 degrees Celsius, pH 8.0-8.4. It is better to lodge an adult centropig alone in an aquarium, and young animals should be kept in a group.

The three-spotted apolemicht is an aquarium fish originally from the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Body color is lemon yellow, anal fin is white with black edging, on the head there are several black spots, lips are blue-blue color. The maximum body size is 25 cm. Apolemicht lives alone in nature, feeding on sponges and invertebrates. He lives in captivity for a long time - up to 25 years, so such a pet needs to ensure the most comfortable conditions of detention. The water temperature in the aquarium is 23-26 degrees Celsius, the pH is 8.1-8.4. It is not recommended to keep in reef aquariums, as they damage corals. Apolemichts cannot be kept in pairs, or with related species. It is recommended to settle with large crustaceans. The basis of the food diet consists of sponges and algae, shrimp, artemia and plants.

Labidochromis Yellow, same yellow - content and reproduction

Labidochromis yellow or yellow (Latin Labidochromis caeruleus - hummingbird cichlid) gained its popularity due to its bright yellow color. However, this color is only an option, in nature there are more than a dozen different colors. Yellow belongs to the mbuna genus, consisting of 13 species of fish that live in nature in places with a rocky bottom and are characterized by activity and aggressiveness.
However, the labidochromis hellow favorably differs from other mbuna in that it is the least aggressive among similar fish and can get along with cichlids of different nature. They are not territorial, but may be aggressive to fish of similar color.

Habitat in nature

The yellow labidochromis was first described in 1956. The endemic of Lake Malawi in Africa, and quite widespread in it. Such wide distribution across the lake provided yellowing and various colors, but mostly it is yellow or white. But labidochromis electric yellow is much less common and is found only on the west coast near Nkata Bay, between Charo and Lyons Cove.
Mbuna usually live in places with a stony bottom, at depths of the order of 10-30 meters and rarely swim deeper. Electrician gallow occurs at a depth of about 20 meters.
In nature, they live in pairs or alone. They mainly feed on insects, algae, mollusks, but also eat small fish.


Body shape is typical for African cichlids, squat and elongated. In nature, yellows grow up to 8 cm, but in an aquarium they can be larger, the maximum size is about 10 cm. The average lifespan is 6-10 years.
In nature, various color forms of yellowing are more than a dozen. In the aquarium, as already mentioned, the most popular are yellow and elektrk yellow.

Difficulty in content

Keep them simple enough, and they will be a good choice for an aquarium who wants to try African cichlids. However, they are quite aggressive and are not suitable for general aquariums, only for cichlids. Thus, for them it is necessary to choose the right neighbors and create the necessary conditions. If this is possible, then feed, grow and breed yellowing is a snap.


Although in nature the yellow labidochromis feeds predominantly on insects, it is still omnivorous and can eat a variety of food. In the aquarium without any problems eats both artificial and live food. To keep the balance, it is better to feed it in a variety of ways, such as feed for African cichlids and artemia. The crank should be given with caution and in small portions, as fish often die from it.

Content in an aquarium

Like all cichlids, it needs clean water with a low content of ammonia and nitrates. It is advisable to use a powerful external filter, and of course regularly replace often the water and siphon the bottom.
Aquarium for maintenance of 100 liters, but 150-200 will be perfect. Parameters for content: ph: 7.2-8.8, 10 - 20 dGH, water temperature 24-26С.
The decor is typical for cichlids. This is a sandy soil, a lot of stones, koryag, and lack of plants. They spend most of the day in the rocks, looking for food in the crevices, burrows, and shelters.


Yellow can not be called a fish suitable for general aquarium. Although it is not a territorial cichlid and in general it is one of the most peaceful among the mbuna, but it will eat small fish. But in tsikhlidniki, get along well, the only thing you can not keep them with fish similar in color. In any case, the neighbors should be species capable of standing up for themselves and in the aquarium there should be a lot of shelters.

Gender differences

It is possible to determine the sex by size, the male is larger in size, it is more intensely colored during spawning. In addition, the male has a more noticeable black edging on the fins, it is this feature that is decisive in the difference between the male and the female.

Libidohromis Yellow - male and female


Yellow labidochromis harbor their eggs in the mouth and are fairly easy to breed. To get a pair, usually buy a few fry and grow them together. They become sexually mature approximately in half a year. The breeding is typical for mbuna, usually the female lays 10 to 20 eggs, which are immediately taken into her mouth. The male fertilizes the eggs, releasing milk, and the female passes them through the mouth and gills.

The female bears eggs in her mouth for 4 weeks and all this time she refuses to feed. At a temperature of 27-28 ° C, the fry appears after 25 days, and at 23-24 ° C after 40 days.
The female continues to care for the fry for a week after releasing them. Feed them should be crushed feed for adult fish, naupiliyu Artemia. The main thing is that in the aquarium there are a lot of small shelters where the adult fish cannot reach.

Labidochromis Yellow: conditions content

As is known, fishes from the cichl family are famous for their unsociable and sometimes aggressive nature. Keep them very, very difficult. But this does not apply to the African cichlid called "labidochromis ellou" or yellow cichlid, which is distinguished by a peaceful and calm disposition.

Habitat in nature

These fish (their usual size does not exceed 8-10 cm) are endemic species. The distribution area is small and limited to the only lake located in East Africa, called Malawi. Small yellow cichlids live there, which are abundant in rocky shores at a depth of no more than 20-30 meters.

Labidochromis hellow is referred to the African species of fish "mbuna", consisting of 13 species, of which only yellow does not show inherent in all tsichlovy aggression. The color of these fish is yellow, but there are also white and pale yellow color variations.

Yellow "Africans" usually do not live in packs; they can be seen either in pairs or individually. Here they are individualists.

The natural diet of the Malawian mbuna includes insects and their larvae, small clams and small fish. They need vitamins necessary for the fish body to eat algae. But still labidochromis are predators. However, like most tsichlovyh.


Labidochromis Yellow is also called dwarf cichlid. They were described in detail in 1956. And literally in a few years, the first specimens got into European aquariums as ornamental fish.

Body shape in dwarf cichlids (another name of this species) is typical for members of the family - elongated, streamlined, slightly flattened laterally.

Coloring bright yellow is present in both adult males and females, but in young individuals it is much paler.

Fins all fish have an interesting coloration: a rather wide black band runs along the entire dorsal fin, the pectoral and anal fins also have a black border.

Eyes all fish are deep black; This color is also called anthracite. It is very difficult to distinguish females from males, since there are almost no external gender differences.

Experts distinguish the sex by a more pale color of the abdominal fin in females, as well as by size, since the males are somewhat larger.

There were cases when some male specimens even grew up to 12 cm in an aquarium.

Classification. According to the scientific classification, yellow Malawian cichlids belong to the perciforme order, the cichl family, the genus labidochromis, a species of hummingbird cichlid (Labidochromis caeruleus). Yes, that is how the bright freshwater creatures are called in science.

Content at home

Labidochromis caeruleus is a very popular aquarium fish, and it deserves such popularity not only because of its beauty, but also its calm disposition. This makes it possible to consider the conditions of its content relatively light. The main thing is to maintain the state of the aquatic environment close to the natural conditions of Lake Malawi. These conditions are as follows:

  • optimal temperature range from +24 to +27 degrees;
  • the pH balance is maintained with a slight shift towards alkalinity, but not higher than 8.7 units;
  • hardness in the range of 10-25 degrees (hard water).

Filtration and aeration. Experts recommend paying special attention to the presence of effective and powerful filtering that provides pumping and cleaning of 2-3 volumes of aqua per hour. Strong aeration is as necessary as weekly replacement of 1/3 of the total volume of water in order to neutralize the harmful concentration of nitrogen-containing substances.

Aquarium size has the meaning. The fact is that an artificial reservoir should also in some way mimic the natural biotope and contain grottoes, walls, caves, along with significant free space. Labidochromisam need quite a lot of space for swimming as a pair, as well as individually. They love to hide in the bushes of aquatic plants, so the bush, for example, giant gallium will be quite appropriate.

If you plan to contain several yellow Malawian cichlids, then you need an aquarium with a capacity of at least 120 liters, and shelters should be distributed over the entire area.

Compatibility. It should also be borne in mind that males should be about half as many as females. The experience of the content shows that with a large number of males there may be rivalry between them, reaching a fight. However, there are no lethal battles.

Priming. As a soil substrate is used, as a rule, coarse sand, shell rock, coral or marble chips. However, in a tsikhlidnik without soil plants, this does not matter much as the yellow fish constantly reside in the middle layer of aquarium water.

Lighting - no special requirements; it should be of medium intensity.


If Labidochromis caeruleus is not contained in a cichlid, but in a general aquarium, then neighbors may be other cichlids of Lake Malawi, as well as some soma (synodontis, for example).

We must not forget that we still have to deal with hunters, so if the neighbors of dwarf cichlids are, for example, guppies or neons, they can be quickly eaten.


Although the labidochromis hellow is considered a carnivorous fish, its diet should contain at least 50% plant food.

So what can be used as feed? There is no particular problem in this matter: all branded feeds for cichlids will be suitable, as well as most frozen feeds. It is allowed to give in food and live food: a choke or small bloodworm, but it is not recommended to feed the pipe worker.

From plant food yellow "African" prefer chopped lettuce, dandelion, spinach. A good addition to the usual diet are the leaves of the same vallisneria. Algae on aquarium design fish items will also be happy to eat.

In the process of feeding there is a feature: the fish can not be overfed in any case. Many experts recommend giving one feed half feed. The fact is that abundant feeding often leads to bloating, which can even result in the death of individuals. That is, there is a typical overfeeding.


Hummingbird cichlids reach sexual maturity at the age of 7-8 months, reproduction without problems occurs in the general aquarium. The first spawning of young gallows brings little caviar, not more than 8-10 pieces, but the mature female's litter is more - about 30 eggs.

Fertilization of eggs and the entire incubation period (3-4 weeks) occur in the mouth of the female, which is typical of most tsikhlovyh. Самочка в этот период ничего не ест. На волю выходят вполне дееспособные мальки, которые, к сожалению, сразу становятся потенциальным кормом для других рыб.

Мальки прячутся в густых зарослях водной растительности, и если из одного помета выживает 3-5 рыбок, то это хорошо. However, if there is a desire to engage in breeding or breeding "hummingbirds", then reproduction can be organized in a separate spawning ground.

Starting food can be both special food for fry, and shredded food for adult cichlids. Life expectancy of labidochromisov yellow is 7-9 years.

Thus, there are no serious difficulties in maintaining these Malawian cichlids. You just need to pay some attention to their compatibility with other aquarium pets. It is better to keep Labidochromis caeruleus in tsikhlidnik, where they will long please their masters with a bright appearance and calm behavior.

Yellow aquarium fish and their varieties

From the first minutes, a beautifully decorated aquarium immediately attracts the attention of everyone in the room. And this is not at all surprising, because how can you break away from viewing colorful landscapes, amazing plants and, of course, its inhabitants - aquarium fish.

Different in size and shape, they simply fascinate with their unhurried movement. And this is not to mention the colorful color design of each of them. So in one artificial pond there are red, orange, blue and even yellow aquarium fish. And if the division by families and species is familiar to every aquarist, then the division according to the color scheme is virtually nowhere to be found. And in today's article we will try to combine the fish of certain colors into one common group.


Extravagant aquarium fish of this color in most cases belong to exotic species. So, they include:

  1. Ambliglifidodona lemon.
  2. Three-spotted Apolemicht
  3. Bricinus long-fusible.
  4. Assessor.
  5. Mask butterfly
  6. Butterfly tweezers yellow.

Consider them in more detail.

Lemon ambleglyfidodone

Bright and memorable - these aquarium fish have a rather aggressive manner of behavior, but, nevertheless, get along well with other inhabitants of an artificial reservoir. The body of Amberglifidodon lemon is somewhat elongated and has a bright lemon color, which actually owes its name. An interesting fact is that the intensity of the color may vary somewhat depending on the size and age of the fish. The maximum value is 120 mm.

It is recommended to contain in groups and in water with a temperature range from 24 to 27 degrees. As for food, there are practically no problems with it. These fish eat:

  • shrimp meat;
  • dry food;
  • frozen foods;
  • insect larvae.

Important! Successful attempts at captive breeding are not officially registered to date.

Three-spotted Apolemicht

There are such aquarium fish, as a rule, in the waters of the Pacific and Indian Ocean. Also, because of their bright and catchy color, they deserve high demand among novice aquarists around the world. So, if you look closely at the representatives of this species, you can see that their entire body seems to be covered with a mesh pattern that includes small dots of dark color and small strokes. These fish got their name due to 3 dark shades placed on their body. The maximum size in natural conditions is 250 m, and in artificial about 200 mm.

In addition, experienced aquarists recommend to acquire not adults, but young individuals due to their greater susceptibility to altered conditions and habituation to alternative diets. This will not only strengthen their immune system, but will also provide healthy offspring. Also, do not forget that these fish feel comfortable in a spacious aquarium and with a water temperature of 22 to 26 degrees. It is also very important for them to have filtration and regular water changes.

Bricinus long-flipper

The homeland of these aquarium fish are the waters of Sierra Leone. The shape of their body is elongated and very compressed on both sides. Its maximum value is 130 mm. Have a peaceful and calm disposition. As a rule, they prefer to be in the upper and middle water layers of an artificial reservoir. When planning their breeding, it is necessary to remember that it is a balanced diet that is one of the main guarantees of their ideal condition. That is why it is so important to alternate live food with dry. Also, the water temperature should not be less than 23 and more than 26 degrees.


One of the representatives of the Grams family. The shape of the body is very much elongated. It prefers to swim in the deep and middle water layers. It has a calm character and is perfectly compatible with the rest of the peaceful fish. When planning her breeding, it should be noted her love for free space and temperature conditions, not exceeding 25 degrees. As for lighting, the ideal is not very bright.

Masked butterfly

The original appearance of these aquarium fish attracts attention from the very first seconds. And although their color is not multicolored, but incredibly spectacular. The main shade is bright yellow with a slight golden hue. On the sides they have wavy dark orange stripes with a small relief pattern. Transparent tail fully complements the picture. The size of an adult individual is 260 mm. It should be noted that the bright sexual characteristics of representatives of this species are absent. It is desirable to feed them only invertebrates.

Butterfly tweezers yellow

Representatives of this species have a rather specific appearance. So, first of all it is worth noting their elongated snout. The predominant color color is yellow, but with small patches of blue. They are found mainly in the Red Sea and on the east coast of Africa. Due to its easy adaptation, these aquarium fish are in high demand among experienced and novice aquarists.

It is necessary to keep them in a spacious artificial reservoir with a minimum volume of 250l. and with the great presence of live rock. The ideal temperature range is 22-26 degrees. In addition, good filtration and aeration should be present in the vessel. It is recommended to feed them exclusively with live food and at least 3 times a day. And large invertebrates are suitable for them as neighbors.


Aquarium fish with blue color not only have incomparable aesthetic beauty, but also will be an excellent decoration for any aquarium. So, they include:

  1. Blue gourami.
  2. Discuss blue.
  3. Queen Nyasa.

Consider each of them separately.

Gourami blue

These aquarium fishes are one of the most sought-after ones for both experienced aquarists and those who are just starting to take the first steps in aquarism. And the thing is not only in their attractive appearance, habit of breathing atmospheric air, large size, but also in undemanding care.

So, the shape of her body is slightly compressed on both sides. The fins are rounded and not very small in size. The maximum height of adults can reach 150 mm. These aquarium fish with proper care can live for about 4 years. As for food, you can feed both live and frozen food. The only thing to consider is that the food should not be large in size.

The ideal temperature range starts from 23 to 28 degrees.

Discus blue

To meet these aquarium fish in their natural environment, you can go to Peru or Brazil. In Europe, they appeared in the 50s, and already then won the appreciation of many aquarists. The body shape of these fish is significantly flattened from the sides and somewhat resembles a disk. The head is rather large.

Also, due to the fact that their mouth is not very large, it is categorically not recommended to give them large food. In this case, there is a high probability that Discus will remain hungry. In addition, when planning the breeding of these fish, it should be remembered that they are a little shy and very difficult to tolerate loneliness.

Queen Nyasa

These aquarium fish are quite common on the African continent in Lake Malawi. The shape of the body is slightly elongated and flattened at the sides. Also quite remarkable for its size, fin, placed on the back. It has a peaceful character. The maximum size of adults is 150 mm.


Such aquarian small fishes perfectly will suit any decor of an artificial reservoir, giving it even bigger charm. In addition, quite often the representatives of this color group surprise with their unusual and original body shapes. So among them are:

  • voilehvostov;
  • heavenly eye

Let's talk about each of them.


Such aquarium fish are the inhabitants of almost every artificial reservoir around the world. As for their appearance, first of all it is worth noting an attractive color shade, a rounded body and a forked tail. Some even compare the voilehvostov with the famous "goldfish". But not only this makes them so popular. So, this is one of the most unpretentious fish and not very demanding in the diet. The only thing that should be taken into account in the content of the tail feathers is their intolerance towards their tropical neighbors and the desire to dig deep into the ground for a long time.

Heavenly eye

The second name of this amazing aquarium fish is Stargazer. And first of all, it is due to the interesting structure of its bulging eyes, looking strictly vertically. The maximum size of adults is 150 mm. But it is worth emphasizing that these aquarium fish are quite difficult to maintain. Feed them recommended live food. In some cases, it can be replaced with a dry one, but only for a short period of time.

Lemon Cyclose is yellow

Today we will talk about one of the African cichlids, which has become very popular in the last decade. This fish, which has a unique appearance, docile nature and compact size, will appeal to all novice aquarists. Do not forget that this fish is very unpretentious.

So, before us is tsichlozy lemon, or yellow. What are the reasons for the popularity of this aquarium fish? Is there any difficulty in caring for her? Answers to interested aquarists will give this material.


The body size of this fish does not exceed 13 cm. Males reach about 12 cm in length, and females - 7-8. Cykhlasome yellow is liked by aquarists for a positive bright yellow color. Due to its color, this fish will not remain unnoticed in the aquarium. All the scales of her small body are painted a bright yellow pigment in lemon color. One moment: the females do not have black spots on the fins, while the males have them.

According to experts, the real color of this fish is blue and white, and the lemon color was bred by breeding. Other experts believe that lemon-yellow fish exist in nature only in Lake Charo.


Yellow Cichlasoma is a docile and meek-looking creature. It moves slowly around the aquarium without offending anyone. It is strange to imagine a lemon-yellow tsikhlazomu aggressor! Due to its nature, this fish is a godsend for the aquarist.

But, despite the behavior quietly, you need to remember that even in aquarium conditions, cichlids are characterized by aggressiveness during spawning and "attacks" in the direction of small fish. Therefore, it is not recommended to keep guppies, neons and danios with this fish.


Tsikhlazoma lemon, despite its unpretentiousness to different conditions of life, still wants the owner to pay enough attention to her. Yellow fish love water with a temperature of 23-28 C and a pH of about 8. The aquarium itself should be large - about 150 liters, with various landscape delights at the bottom in the form of shelters, holes, stones and snags. Clean water must be maintained at all times.

Since remains of decomposing food remain in the standing water, fish products and other dirt, the water needs to be changed in order to avoid diseases. Be sure to put on the bottom of the stones - flat and large.

Yellow tshihlazomy "yellow" like many aquaculture, because this breed is distinguished by exemplary behavior and bright body color.

The name of the aquarium fish photo catalog video species.


Goldfish appeared almost more than a thousand years ago, the first color variations of the Chinese goldfish. It is from them that the goldfish with all its numerous species leads its pedigree. Aquarium for goldfish should be large, with a large pebble or gravel.

GOLD FISH Name of aquarium fish


Beautiful fish "in the soul" remained crucian and, like crucians, dig in the ground, stir up water and dig out plants. It is necessary to have powerful filters in an aquarium and plant plants with a strong root system or in pots.
Body length up to 22 cm. The body is rounded, with long veil fins. The color is orange, red, black or spotty. By a long-term selection of aquarists of the Ancient East, it was possible to bring out a huge number of beautiful species. golden fish. Among them: telescopes, veils, celestial eye, or astrologer, Shubunkin and others. They differ from each other in body shape, fins, color, and have long lost their resemblance to carp.

Name aquarium fish-COMET


Pretty small fish that can live in aquariums from 30 liters. Classic color - brown. Often these little catfish are confused with larger counterparts - pterigoplichtami. In general, a very hardworking fish and well clean growth.

Name of aquarium fish - ANCISTRUS

HUMBLER - one of the most popular aquarium fish. In nature, it is found in the waters of Honduras, Central America, Guatemala and Mexico.
Viviparous fish. Males are distinguished from females by the presence of a process in the form of a sword, hence the name. It has an interesting feature, in the absence of males, the female can change the sex and grow a "sword". They are also known for eating algae and snails.

MECHENOSTSY-Name of aquarium fish

Contents: 24 - 26 ° С; dH 8 - 25 °; pH 7 - 8


Very cute and smart catfish corridor. We would compare them with the Pomeranian Spitz in the dog world. The bottom small fish, which does not require special conditions, feeds on what it can find at the bottom. As a rule, they are 2-10 centimeters long. Do not know who to plant in the aquarium - buy a corridor.

CORRIDORName of aquarium fish

Botsiya clown

This type of bots is the most popular among aquarists. Most likely due to the fact that clowns look very impressive, as seen in the photo. The peculiarity of the fish is spikes that are under the eyes These spikes can be advanced when the fish are in danger. Can live up to 20 years.

BOTTION CLOWN-Name of aquarium fish

Sumatran Barbus

Perhaps one of the most spectacular types of barbs - for this and is considered one of the most popular of its kind. Keep them necessary in the pack, which makes the fish even more spectacular. The size in the aquarium is up to 4-5 centimeters.

BARBUS-Name of aquarium fish

SIAMA VODOROSLEED - peace-loving and very active fish. The best helper in the fight against algae.
Inhabits the waters of Thailand and the Malaysian Peninsula.
In nature it grows up to 16 cm, in captivity it is much smaller. Life expectancy in an aquarium can be 10 years. It eats algae of almost all types and even Vietnamese.
Contents: 24 - 26 ° С; dH 4 - 20 °; pH 6.5 - 7

AlgaeName of aquarium fish

DISKUS - the most interesting and beautiful fish, a representative of the Cichlid family. The birthplace of this fish is South America.
Discussions are calm, peaceful and a little shy. They live in the middle layers of water, they do not get along well with scalars and highly active fish. Keep should be a group of 6 or more individuals. Very demanding on water temperature. If the temperature is below 27 ° C, the discus is sick, refuse to eat and die.
Content: 27 - 33 ° С; dH to 12 °; pH 5 - 6

DISKUS-Name of aquarium fish

GUPPI - the most unpretentious fish, ideal for novice aquarists. Habitat - North part of South America and Barbados and Trinidad.
The male has a luxurious tail with a bright and beautiful pattern. The female is twice the size of the male and not so bright. This fish is viviparous. The tank should be closed. It is better to keep them in a specific aquarium, as active neighbors can damage their veil tails. Guppies are omnivores.
Content: 20 - 26 ° С; dH to 25 °; pH 6.5 - 8.5

GUPPI-Name of aquarium fish

Shark Barbus (bala)

The shark of the ball or the barbus is a fish, which was so named as a result of similarity with sharks (this can be seen from the photo of the aquarium fish next to the description). These fish are large, can grow up to 30-40 centimeters, so they are best kept together with other large barbs in the amount of 150 liters.

SHARK BALA-Name of aquarium fish

COCK - fighting fish. In nature, it is found in Southeast Asia.
The only drawback is that males are very aggressive towards each other. Can grow up to 5 cm in length. Surprisingly, this fish breathes atmospheric air, due to a special labyrinth organ. The content of this fish does not require special knowledge. It is desirable to have an aquarium from 3 liters. Variety in feed is welcome.
Content: 25 - 28 ° С; dH 5 - 15 °; pH 6 - 8

COCKName of aquarium fish

GURAMI - peace-loving and beautiful fish. It belongs to the Labyrinth family. Found in the waters of the large islands of Indonesia, the Malacca Peninsula, southern Vietnam. They get along with any neighbors, grow up to 10 cm. It lives mainly in the upper and middle layers of water. Maximum active in the daytime. Recommended for beginner aquarists. It is necessary to keep in the aquarium at least 100 liters with live plants and bright lighting.
Contents: 24 - 26 ° С; dH 8 - 10 °; pH 6.5 - 7

GURAMI-Name of aquarium fish

Danio rerio

Small fish up to 5 centimeters.It is not difficult to recognize because of the color - a black body with longitudinal white stripes. Like all danios, nimble fish that never sits still.

DANIO-Name of aquarium fish


Telescopes come in gold and black. In size, as a rule, they are not particularly large, up to 10-12 cm, so they can live in aquariums from 60 liters. Fish spectacular and unusual, suitable for those who love all the original.

TELESCOPE-Name of aquarium fish

Mollies black

There are black, orange, yellow, and mestizos. The form is a cross between a guppy and a swordtail. The fish is larger than the above described relatives, therefore it needs aquariums from 40 liters.

MollensiaName of aquarium fish


Pecillia is the personification of the whole genus - petsiliev. They can be of different colors, from bright orange, to variegated with black patches. Fish can grow to 5-6 centimeters.

PECILIA-Name of aquarium fish


Moral fish that does not like encroachment on its territory. Though beautiful, it requires proper attitude. It is better not to plant them with their own kind, in the aquarium there is enough female and male of this species, they can get along with neons, guppies and other non-large species.

MACROPOD-Name of aquarium fish

NEON - mobile, schooling, peace-loving and very shy fish. Rod from the basin of the river Rio Negru.
In an aquarium it grows up to 3.5 cm, life expectancy up to 5 years. Keep should flock in an amount of 10 individuals. It is not worthwhile to push them into large fish, since neon can easily become their prey. Keeps in the lower and upper layers. The size of the aquarium is selected at the rate of 15 - 20 liters per couple of individuals. Feed: small bloodworm, dry flocculent.
Content: 22 - 26 ° С; dH to 8 °; pH 5 - 6.5

NEON-Name of aquarium fish

CALERY - angel fish. It is found in South America in the Amazon and Orinoco rivers.
This fish has been known to aquarists for many years. She is able to decorate with her presence absolutely any aquarium. This calm and gregarious fish with a life expectancy of 10 years. Keep it should be a group of 4 - 6 individuals. A large and hungry angelfish can eat a small fish, such as neon. And such a fish as a barbus can easily pluck her fins and antennae. Prefers live food.
Contents: 24 - 27 ° С; dH 6 - 15 °; pH 6.5 - 7.5

SCALARIUMName of aquarium fish


Tetra fishes like when there are a lot of live plants in an aquarium, and therefore oxygen. The body of the fish is slightly oblate, the prevailing colors are red, black and silver.

Tetra-Name of aquarium fish


Ternetia is also called black tetra. Classic color - black and silver, in black vertical stripes. The fish is quite popular, so finding it in your city is not difficult.

TERNESIA-Name of aquarium fish


The size of the fish is different, but in general they do not grow more than 8-10 centimeters. There are smaller species. All the fish are beautiful, have a silver color, with different shades. Schooling fish and more calmly live in a group.

RAINGEONS-Name of aquarium fish

ASTRONOTUS - large, calm and a little shy fish. Occurs in the Amazon River Basins.
In the aquarium can grow up to 25 cm, the life expectancy can be more than 10 years. Little neighbors can eat. The aquarium is selected at the rate of 100 liters per individual. Sharp scenery should not be, as the astronotus in a panic can hurt yourself. Aquarium must be closed. Feed should be live food.
Content: 23 - 26 ° С; dH to 35 °; pH 6.5 - 8.5

ASTROTONUSName of aquarium fish

BLACK KNIFE - bottom and night fish. It inhabits overgrown parts of the Amazon River.
It has an interesting body structure. Can move in any direction. In an aquarium it grows up to 40 cm. During the daytime it mostly hides. It is better to keep alone, as skirmishes may occur between large individuals. An aquarium of 200 l with snags, live plants and a large number of stone shelters will be suitable for maintenance.
It feeds on live food.
Content: 20 - 25 ° С; dH 4 - 18 °; pH 6 - 7.5

FISH KNIFEName of aquarium fish

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Yellow, disc and other species

Pecilia (lat. Xiphophorus maculatus) is a small freshwater fish of the Pecilliaceae family. The natural habitat of the species is North and Central America. It is found in the waters of the states of California, Colorado, Florida, Louisiana, Texas, Nevada, Hawaii. Nowadays, aquarium petsilievyh are bred on fish farms or in aquariums.

All species of platies are characterized by small body size, females are larger than males one and a half times. The body length of females is 5 cm, males - 3-3.5 cm. How long do these fish live? If you provide them with proper care, they will be able to live in captivity from 3 to 5 years. The appearance of the chili can be varied - aquarium pets are mostly painted in bright or motley colors, and wild species are not on sale. Interesting morphological characteristics has a diskius, in which the body is rounded, the spine is curved. Its other name is pecilia balloon. As for the behavior, the Petsilia Disk is more capricious and whimsical in content, unlike other breeds.

Sex differences are noticeable - in addition to the difference in body size, the females of these fish are distinguished by a rounded and wide anal fin. In males, the anal fin is long, pointed, forming the so-called “gonopodia”. Females have a full and rounded abdomen, the color of their scales is faded. Males are brighter, their body symmetry is angular.

Content policy

Petsyli content in the aquarium is quite simple, so even a beginner lover of fish can provide them with proper care. All varieties of platies are viviparous fishes, full-fledged, life-ready fry appear from the womb of females. Pecilia is a lively and unpretentious fish (except for the Pecilya disc), one adult fish requires a reservoir of 50 liters. It is advisable to settle on one male two females. These fish do not show aggressiveness towards their congeners, but there should be more females in the aquarium.

Fish easily adapts to the domestic water body, the parameters of the content are also important: the water temperature is 22-26 ° C, the acidity of the medium is 7.0-8.0 pH, hardness 15-20 °. Once a week make water changes to clean, infused and fresh. Install an internal filter and compressor in the aquarium so that the water is constantly cleaned of dirt and saturated with oxygen.

Watch the video about the content and care of the red petsilia.

In the common aquarium, aquarius varieties of patchillia get along well with live-bearing fish: guppies, swordtails, mollies. They can breed with these species, sometimes bringing beautiful and healthy offspring. In nature, they do not interbreed with each other. Percylievye have a peace-loving disposition, so they can become victims of large and predatory neighbors. Do not settle them with cichlids, eels, large catfish, carp, goldfish, barbs.

Wild species of species eat detritus, algae, aquatic plants, and insects. Pets can eat what the host gives, but the diet should be varied. Fish like food with spirulina, scalded lettuce and dandelion leaves, spinach, boiled cereals without salt (millet, oatmeal), sliced ​​zucchini and cucumbers. From live food they prefer Artemia, Daphnia, Tubber, Bloodworm, Coretic. You can give branded food in the form of flakes and tablets. Thanks to the upper mouth, capture food from the surface of the water. Feeding - 2 times a day in small portions, which can be eaten in 5 minutes.

Spawning Xiphophorus maculatus

The reproduction of fish is possible both in the general aquarium and in a separate spawning ground. If there are males and females in the reservoir, reproduction can occur by itself. Be prepared that females can often produce offspring, reproduction should be controlled.

Look swim in the aquarium yellow and white partilias.

Breeding between these fish is possible at the age of 8-12 months. The smaller the males in the aquarium, the calmer females feel. It is easy to notice the pregnancy of the female - she has a fuller abdomen, which will swell strongly before giving birth, and a dark spot forms near the anal fin. She will find a secluded place in the pond, where the fry will appear. The young female will give birth to some fry - from 20 to 40, adult 50 and more. Shortly before giving birth, the female can be deposited in a container with clean water, where she will calmly prepare for the delivery. You can add plants to the bailout; it is better to shade the glass of the tank with paper.

After giving birth, the female will have to be carefully removed from the pitcher with the help of a net - she can eat her brood. It is easy to care for the cubs, as they are formed and ready to search for food. Starter feeding - food for fry, pounded egg yolk, Nauplii Artemia. Later they can be sorted as they grow up. The babies will become sexually mature at the age of 3 months, however, transplant everyone into different containers with clean water so that non-sexual individuals do not breed at such a young age.

Species diversity of aquarium Xiphophorus maculatus

Red Petilia is a very beautiful aquarium fish with a rich color of scales. The ventral fins shimmer with a bluish tinge. Body size - 10-12 cm, to achieve a saturated color, you need to give live food. Very fast, active pets. Red platilla is often used as a material for breeding new breeds of placium and swordtail, in aquarium conditions it can independently cross with "swords", bringing fish that resemble tricolor swordtail in appearance.

Pecilia balloon - fish of unusual appearance, which may have different color scales. Because of the deformed spine, their life is not very simple. Then how much do they live in captivity? Providing them with quality care, they will live from 2 to 4 years. The length of the body is 15 cm, height is 8-10 cm. Males are 1.5 times smaller than females.

The black black flower is characterized by a peaceful nature, it is distinguished by its active behavior and fast swimming style. Black platilla interbreed with other Pecilia, brings hybrid offspring. The resulting fry will grow with a deep black body color that will emit a bluish tint. Body size 10 cm, life expectancy 3-4 years.

Yellow platilla - small fish (8-10 cm), in males front tail part and tail of red shade. The body of females paternal is slightly larger, rounded, yellow in color, fins are transparent. Along the body of the males, there is a barely noticeable horizontal strip of silver.


Mollies - fish of the family pitsilievy, which in nature inhabit different ranges, can be found both in fresh and in saline waters, including in the seas. All types of mollies are different from each other, they can inhabit the reservoirs of America.

black mollies

Different types of mollies differ in body size. However, the female mollies are always larger than the male. I must say that the sex of these fish is determined by the caudal fin, while the mollies male is always brighter in color and has a higher dorsal fin.

In most cases, wild forms of an individual have a gray body with dots or strokes of different colors. Artificially derived form is aquarium sharp-headed mollies, painted in solid black. Such a black individual was obtained as a result of the work of breeders who brought these fish out of the sharp-headed mollies common in the waters around Yucatan. These fish may have a specific lyre tail fin and vary in size from those that are concentrated in natural water bodies. It must be said that in natural conditions there is no completely black mollies. Basically they have a body of yellowish-gray color, on which black or blue, yellow or green spots are scattered.

yellow mollies

An interesting view is yellow mollies. This is a beautiful viviparous fish with a rich yellow color, so this fish can still be called gold. She is able to live in standard conditions that are generally suitable for all fish of this type. It is worth noting that the males of golden mollies can interbreed with females of black mollies.

Other mollies that also belong to breeding forms are sailing. They have a white color, which under different lighting changes to a silver, purple or blue hue. In addition, such individuals have translucent white fins.

Features content of mollies

Among the viviparous fish of the family of gambusian mollies belong to the most pampered species, therefore their content has some peculiarities.

Regardless of the species, these fish are thermophilic and can normally exist at a temperature in the range of 25-30 C. A small amount of sea salt should be added to the water. In addition, weekly, you need to replace about 20 of the volume of water in the aquarium with a fresh portion.

Mollies require special nutrition - they need to be provided with food, which must contain herbal supplements. Salad leaves are most suitable for feeding aquarium fish. You can purchase special dry food that is balanced in content.

Mollies are whimsical to aquarium lighting. They develop well only on the condition that the light day lasts at least 13 hours. In this case, the spectrum of light should be as close as possible to sunlight. It is also desirable that at least 2 hours a day on the aquarium mollies natural light falls.

Breeding mollies

Aquarium fish mollies are viviparous species, so breeding them is easy. For breeding take females with a thick belly and males under the age of 1 year (active).

The intrauterine development of mollies lasts approximately 45 days. A sign that the females should begin labor, is the change in the shape of the abdomen - it becomes rectangular, and also take into account the darker color of the anus. On average, from one female you can get up to 60 fry of mollies up to 1 cm in size. I must say that young females give significantly fewer fry.

When breeding mollies is carried out, it should be remembered that before throwing the fry the female should be transferred to a separate container. It should not be forgotten that the fry of mollies are very sensitive to water pollution. That is why, when the fry are transferred to the general aquarium, it will be necessary to change the water in it more often. Raising fry is a simple matter. If there is no live food, it can easily be replaced with an artificial ground mixture, which is specially made for feeding small mollies. It is also necessary to say that the fry of mollies become saturated in color only 2 weeks after they are born.

Video Wallpaper - Yellow Fish