Everything you wanted to know about snails ampoules
Ampulyaria (Latin Pomacea bridgesii) is a large, bright and popular aquarium snail. Keep it easy, but there are important details in feeding. It comes from the Amazon, where it lives throughout its length, over time it spread to Hawaii, Southeast Asia and even Florida.
In nature, ampouleries spend most of their life in the water, getting out only by chance and during reproduction, put off the eggs. And yet, although they spend most of their life under water, they need atmospheric oxygen for breathing, after which they rise to the surface.
You can often observe how in an aquarium the ampoule rises to the surface, pulls out the breathing tube and starts pumping oxygen into it. Her respiratory system is comparable to the lungs in fish; she has gills (on the right side of her body) and lungs on the left side.
Aquarium snails ampularia very well adapted to life in the tropics, where dry periods alternate rainy season. This was reflected in their body, they developed a muscular leg with a protective flap attached to it. With this sash, they close their sink to survive in the remnants of water and dirt during the dry season.
They live in all types of reservoirs, in ponds, lakes, rivers, canals. Despite the fact that many snails are hermaphroditic, ampulyarii are opposite-sex and for reproduction they need a partner.
Although the most common color is yellow, they nevertheless exist in very different colors. In addition to the yellow ampoule, you can find white, brown and even almost black. Now blue ampoules have become fashionable, but they are not particularly different from yellow ones in keeping and breeding.
When you buy it, it is important to remember that it grows much more than other snails. They are sold fairly small, up to 2.5 cm in diameter, but can grow up to a size of 8-10 cm. There are also larger ones, which are very well fed, and they grow so large that they can compete in size with other giants - marises.
The aquarium contains several different types of ampoule, which differ from each other in shell shape. Life expectancy of an ampoule in an aquarium is 2 years.
The contents of the ampoule in the aquarium
If kept alone, a very small aquarium, about 40 liters, is enough for them. Since snails eat aquarium ampoules, they are very much, as well as a lot of waste after them, it will be right to allocate at least 10-12 liters of volume to one. Considering that they multiply rather cheerfully, it is not worth keeping them much.
But, since amphulyaries themselves are rarely contained in an aquarium, it is better to rely on a larger volume of the aquarium. So, for 3-4 snails + fish, you need about 100 liters. Of course, much depends on your conditions and details. But usually, 10 liters per ampoule will not let you down.
Yellow ampouleries are completely peaceful, never touching fish or invertebrates. There is a misconception that they attack fishes. But, this is due to the fact that snails are scavengers and eat up the dead fish, and it seems that they killed the fish. No snail is able to catch up, catch and kill healthy and active fish.
But fish ampulyarius is even alarming. They can tear off their mustaches, such as Sumatran barbs, or even completely destroy them, like a dwarf tetradon, a fahak, a green tetradon, a clown combat or large cichlids. Some will not be able to eat large snails, but small ones will be brought under the net. And large ones will be nibbled at any opportunity, which will not add to their health either. Also invertebrates can become a problem - shrimps and crayfish, they skillfully pick out snails from shells and eat.
Vision and respiratory organs
How to feed aquarium ampoules? It's very simple, they eat almost any kind of food. In addition to the fact that they eat all kinds of food that you give them, they also eat everything that they can find in the aquarium. The advantages include the fact that they eat up the feed after other inhabitants, preventing them from rotting and spoiling the water.
It is easiest to feed ampoule pills for catfish and vegetables. Especially they love cucumber, zucchini, salad, even pumpkin. Two conditions must be observed - boil the vegetables for a couple of minutes and do not keep them in the aquarium for more than a day, as the water becomes very cloudy.
With pleasure they eat and live food, I ate them with bloodworms, pipemakers. But here they need to be able to reach it, that is, a clean bottom, and in the general aquarium, as a rule, the food has time to fall into the ground.
But remember that ampulyarii easily damage the young leaves of plants and delicate species, eating them to the trunk. To avoid this, you need to abundantly feed them with vegetables and feeds containing spirulina.
How do ampulyarias multiply? Unlike many aquarium snails, they are not hermaphroditic and you need a male and a female for successful breeding. The easiest way to get such a pair is to buy 6 snails at once, which practically guarantees individuals of different sexes. When they become sexually mature, they will begin to divorce themselves, in order to be stimulated they do not need to perform any actions. How to understand that this happened? During mating, the male and the female merge with each other, and the male is always on top.
After mating is completed, the female crawls out of the water and lays a large number of eggs above the water surface. Caviar is a pale pink color and should be located above the surface of the water, without plunging into it, otherwise it will simply disappear. The surface of the calf is calcined under the influence of air and the babies are completely safe.
Small snails hatch in a few weeks, provided that the ambient temperature is 21-27C, and the humidity is sufficient. Newborns are quite large, fully formed and do not require any special care.
Ampulyaria has postponed caviar. What to do?
If you are not worried about the fact that the snails will fall into the general aquarium, then ... nothing. With constant humidity and temperature, caviar or eggs ampoule will hatch, fall into the water and begin a completely independent life. Catch them is not a problem, but if you want, you can put a plastic bottle incubator under the clutch. Small snails will fall there and you can transfer them to the general aquarium.
The moment of appearance of babies from caviar:
The ampoule doesn't move for a couple of days, what happened?
Most likely she died if she did not move for several days. A simple way to understand this is to get a snail and smell it. But, carefully, the smell can be very strong. Dead snails ampulyaria in the aquarium should be removed, as they very quickly decompose and can spoil the water.
I want to give vegetables, but they come up. How to be?
Very simple, chop a piece of non-plug or any stainless object.
Do ampouleries spoil plants?
Yes, some species can, especially if hungry. How to fight? Feed their fill.
I want to have an ampoule, but I am afraid that they will divorce. How to control them?
This is not a problem at all. First, the caviar is large and above the water, it is very difficult not to notice it. Secondly, the snails themselves are large and even catch them with their hands. Well, and more ways to get rid of snails you will find the link.
Do I need to somehow create a place where they can put off caviar?
Enough to cover the aquarium. Ideal conditions for caviar are created in the space between the lid and the water. And yes, it is better to cover, since ampulyarii can crawl away on a journey.
My snail is already very big, how long will it grow?
With good feeding, the look of the ampulyary Pomacea maculata can reach 15 cm in diameter. But, as a rule, they are 5-8 cm in diameter.
My ampulyaria has a part of the body blown off, what to do?
Nothing, they have a wonderful ability to regenerate. As a rule, a lost organ will grow within 25 days. It may be slightly smaller, but fully operational. They even restore the eyes.
How ampulyarias transfer salt water?
If you gradually increase the concentration, then they withstand a small salinity. If the snail ceased to crawl out of the shell as it rises, then reduce it before it is too late.
Do ampouleries parasites?
Yes, there are several types for which they are carriers. However, ampulyarias resist quite well, and are much sturdier than parasites.
There is one parasite that is dangerous to humans (the nematode Angiostrongylus cantonensis). Its main carrier is a rat, and a person can become infected if they consume raw snails. In rare cases, it invokes damage to the nervous system and even death.
But you have absolutely nothing to fear. Ampulyaria can become infected with it only if they live in nature, where neighbors are infected rodents. It is difficult to imagine that local ampularia bred in an aquarium can contact them. But, even if so, then you still need to eat a raw snail.
Do ampouleries hibernate?
Yes, during the dry season in nature, some species can. But in the aquarium they do not need it.
My ampulyary sink places are not of that color, what's the matter?
This is due to the fact that at some point they stopped growing (change of habitat, lack of food, other water) and as soon as everything got better, they immediately restored the former quality of the sink. But the trace remained. It's okay, the main thing is that further you keep them well.
My ampoule is collapsing shell. What is it about?
To form shells, snails absorb calcium from water. If you have very old, or very soft water, then it may simply be missing. And her defense, her shell is cracking. It is not difficult to fix it, at least to replace some of the water with fresh one, or to add mineral substances so that the water becomes harder.
But note that they can seal up the holes in the sink, but sometimes the tip of the shell disappears from them and they cannot repair it. However, it does not bother them to live.
I found an empty shell from an ampoule. Has someone eaten her?
Most likely she died herself. Above are listed the types of fish that can eat them. But, if it dies on its own, it decomposes very quickly, since it consists entirely of protein.
How many live ampoules?
Depends on the conditions of detention and temperature. At low temperatures up to 3 years, and at temperatures from 25 ° C only 12-16 months. At higher temperatures, ampouleries are more active, grow and multiply faster. But, a side effect is accelerated metabolism, and, accordingly, early death. The temperature for keeping an ampoule can vary between 18 - 28 ° C
Will ampulyarii survive in a pond?
During the summer, completely, as they can live at a temperature of 18-28 ° C. But in the fall, you know ...
My ampouleries are not active, they often do not move. I feed normally, conditions are good.
If they did not die (how to check, see above), then everything is fine. The snails themselves are rather lazy creatures, they have only two desires either to eat or to multiply. Accordingly, when these desires are not, they just sleep.
Either you have a low water temperature, which we have already written above.
My ampoule has surfaced and floats on the surface. Is she dead?
Not necessary. As mentioned above, they are rather lazy, and since they breathe the air that is pumped under the sink, they can easily emerge. Check with her is very simple. Get out of the water and see if the snail quickly closes the shell, then everything is in order. At the deceased muscles relax and she does not move.
How long does it take for caviar to hatch out?
Two to four weeks, depending on temperature and humidity.
Do ampouleries multiply throughout the year?
Yes, but in winter much less.
Why died ampoule?
It is difficult to say unequivocally, the reasons can be many. But, as a rule, in common aquariums they die ... from hunger. This is a large snail, in order to live and grow it needs a lot of food, and in the general aquarium it lacks it.
Can an ampulyarya live without water?
Of course not, this is a water snail. If you see how she gets out of the water or even crawls out of the aquarium, it means that the female is looking for a place where to lay her eggs. In this case, you need to close her exits from him, otherwise she will come out and die. For caviar you need a place with high temperature and humidity, usually the ideal place is under the cover of the aquarium or glass.
Does ampularia eat fish?
As we have said, only the dead. She has neither speed nor teeth to hunt fish. But she eats dead fish with pleasure.
Ampulyaria buried in the ground?
No, she is too big, she would need the efforts of a small bulldozer.
Is it possible to contain an ampoule and red-eared turtles?
You can, ampoules for eared turtles are excellent food. Joke. It is impossible, the reason has already been named.
Ampularia and helen get along?
Adults, yes. For Helen, an adult ampoule is clearly beyond its powers, but they can eat small ones.
Ampularia - Yellow Aquarium Snail
YELLOW SNAIL AMPLAY
IN YOUR AQUARIUM
This yellow snail ampoule is well known to any aquarist. Perhaps, only a beginner lover of the aquarium world, entering the pet shop wonders about this yellow, creeping inhabitant of the aquarium.
This article will help expand information about this yellow snail - "aquarium nurse". In it you will find answers to many of your questions. So,…
Briefly about the most interesting about ampoules:
- The concept of ampoule - includes a whole family of freshwater snails, dividing into clan and dwelling around the world.
- Sizes of ampoule from 5 to 15 cm.
- Yellow snails live 1-4 years (depending on water temperature and other conditions).
- Comfortable water temperature for ampoules 22-24C and above. By the way, this temperature of aquarium water is comfort and for many aquarium fish, so there are simply no difficulties in their joint maintenance. On the contrary, from such a symbiosis there are only pluses.
- Snails breathe atmospheric air through a siphon tube, but they also have gills.
- Snails ampullar different-sex.
- The snail has a cover of the mouth of the shell, which is necessary to protect against aggressors and to wait for adverse conditions.
- If there is a little calcium in the aquarium water, the yellow shell of the ampoule will collapse.
- When buying snails, it is better to take small ampoules. First of all, the bigger the snail is, the older it is, which means you will have less life, and secondly, small snails are much quicker than adults.
Description of the yellow snail - Ampularia:
Ampulyary to keep in a normal aquarium with fish. The snail is compatible with many species of fish, but it should be borne in mind that some fish strive to pinch their mustache, some fish eat molluscs. In view of what, I recommend keeping ampulyarii with peaceful and non-aggressive fish, and if in doubt, consult the sellers of the pet shop. Personal experience suggests that ampulyaria does not live for a long time with gouras and some cichlids (as the latter simply do not give the snails food to go). Sometimes, Yellow snails bite even seemingly innocuous Goldfish. What to do with it? You have two choices: either ampulyarii can be planted, or you can leave them to feed the fish. If you notice that snails are ampulyary "oppressed" and don't do anything - you know, there are 1 week left for live yellow mollusks ...
The aquarium can be the minimum size, as long as it is with a lid. Otherwise, one night, walking into the kitchen, you can hear the characteristic crunch under your feet !!!
You should also take care of the airspace under the hood. First, snails breathe atmospheric air. And secondly, ampulyarias, as a rule, lay their eggs in the airspace (for this, the distance between the lid and the water should be at least 10 cm.).
Unlike many fish, ampullar is not whimsical in content. And the water parameters do not matter. Containing the fish, you install them, in any case, the filter and, as a rule, if you are not lazy, regularly replace some of the water with fresh water - this is ample enough for ampoule. What should be paid attention to is the calcium content in the aquarium water; if it is low, then the ampulian sink will collapse. In my aquarium, I scattered small seashells, which contributes to the saturation of water with calcium and increases its rigidity. It is also recommended to add marble chips, limestone chips, in addition to pet stores there are special preparations for increasing the hardness of the water.
Concerning nutrition, I personally don’t feed my ampullaries, since they are in fact omnivorous and are content with the remains of fish feed, plants, etc. By the way, ampulyarias are excellent orderlies of an aquarium, they do not disdain to “stick” to dead fish and other dead organics. They like rotten banana peel.
Regarding breeding. The stimulus for mating is an increase in temperature in the aquarium and good nutrition. As a rule, for this they start a "flock" of yellow snails, since it is virtually impossible to distinguish between the sex of a snail.
Well, then ... one fine morning on the wall of the aquarium or the lid you will find a laying of eggs, which the female postponed at night.
Примерно через три недели из икры появляются первые улитки-малыши, которые проедая кладку, обеспечивают себе путь на волю.
Малышей желательно отсадить из общего аквариума, т.к. некоторые рыбки не прочь отведать их на ужин. Чтобы не вылавливать появившуюся молод, некоторые аквариумисты заранее переносят кладку в отдельный аквариум (кладку мочат, аккуратно сдвигают и переносят).
Ну а дальше, маленькие ампулярии вполне самостоятельны. Particularly caring owners first feed them with pounded fish food.
Photo-review of beautiful photos with yellow snail ampoule
Interesting video about yellow snail ampoule
Aquarium snails ampouleria - care and reproduction
Ampulyarias are widespread, moving to all continents from South America. The ideal conditions for their existence in the wild are reservoirs of the tropical belt. The snails were chosen by the local almost standing warm ponds, swamps and small rivers. This kind of mollusks is indifferent to the quality of the surrounding aqua. In the wild, there are individuals more than 11 centimeters in length that belong to the subclass of giant ampoules.
The resemblance to the local prudovikami strikes. They have a similar curled sink and a yellowish coffee color with dark accent stripes, which rush to the photo in the eyes. An interesting fact is that the colors of ampoules can vary from light to very dark. On the shell, the snail has a special horny lid, thanks to which it can close off from adverse conditions or danger. Mollusks sometimes creep out onto dry land, which does not contradict their way of life. To protect the clutch of caviar from aquatic predators, ampoules lay it on the shore.
The complex apparatus of the cochlea's respiratory system allows it to feel great in the water and on land. To absorb atmospheric oxygen, its unique cavity is divided by a partition into two parts:
- A system similar in structure to the gills of ordinary fish to absorb oxygen in water;
- The pulmonary apparatus responsible for the assimilation of the atmospheric.
At that moment, when the snail is on the surface, it uses a siphon tube. This device looks like a long mantle. Only after the mollusk makes sure that there are no predators, does it float a tube that swallows air. The largest individuals can have a system of up to 10 centimeters. The diameter of the ampulyary shell sometimes reaches 7 centimeters, the leg is 9 in length and 4 in width. In the area around the head of a snail there are eyes of a yellow shade and 4 tentacles, which are perfectly visible in the photo. The snail easily recognizes the smell of food because of a very keen sense of smell.
Snail lovers have always noted their omnivorous, therefore, to contain these mollusks is not a particular problem. In their natural environment, they eat mostly plant foods. To create comfortable conditions for them, give them live food. From such a delicacy, not only snails, but also aquarium fish will delight. Care for amplaria should be done very carefully, because the snail is not able to swim, you have to collect food from the bottom. If you put it in an aquarium with nimble gluttonous fish, the snail will experience a constant feeling of hunger. In this case, contain snails with valuable species of plants is not worth it.
Snails are considered the main threat to plants, this happens for the following reasons:
- Plants are an ideal food for the mollusk, so young shoots are eaten almost instantly.
- Snails are too heavy and break plants with their own weight.
- Hungry ampouleries can dig up the soil, damaging the root system of plants.
The most successful variant to contain several representatives of this species in a hotel large aquarium with large-leaved plants. If you still want to create a reservoir, where they will have to coexist with fish, then arrange them to regularly feed vegetable food that is not eaten by neighboring fish. To do this, you can use:
- Salad and cabbage,
- A bit of white bread.
This will protect the plant from damage and leave all aquamir in its original form.
Snails breed without too much difficulty. The big problem is determining the sex of an ampoule. If you are planning to get offspring, the content of 5-6 individuals in one aquarium will be the only solution. Such a number of snails will allow you to create 1-2 pairs and maintain cleanliness in aquariums.
Ampularia in the aquarium is not whimsical to the water. Care of them does not imply the determination of water hardness and its composition. However, in too soft water small grooves appear on the shell. True, they do not affect the behavior or reproduction of the mollusk. The optimum temperature is around 20 degrees, but they can go down to 20 and rising to 33.
With proper care, the snail can live up to 2-3 years, depending on the water temperature. The higher the indicator of the thermometer, the faster the metabolic processes occur, and, therefore, reduced life expectancy. In cold water, ampoules are much slower and do not multiply.
Neighborhood with fish does not give the mollusk any discomfort. They easily get along with any kinds of medium-sized fish. The only inconvenience that a snail can experience is attacks on its whiskers. In this case, she adapts to keep them closer to the calf and anticipating the threat presses them to him. It is better not to combine them with large fish. In this case, death is possible. For breeding requires a separate aquarium, as the young is a delicacy for any fish.
Ampulyaria are heterosexual snails, but it is not possible for humans to distinguish between males and females for humans. For confidence, get at least 4 pieces in one aquarium. In that case, if you notice who exactly lays caviar - mark it or remember, so that next time you probably know the female. Some snail lovers are able to distinguish between sex, looking under the lid, but this method is not rarely fails and is not one hundred percent.
Surprisingly, the female lays eggs on the surface of the water. The finished female crawls to the surface and examines possible egg-laying sites. At such moments, you need to cover the aquarium glass, to eliminate the possibility of escape. Take into account that even the smallest ampouleries can lift light glasses, so put a load. Usually the snail tries to put off caviar only in the evening, so pay attention to the aquarium in the late hours in order not to lose the snail. The female chooses the perfect place by herself. Touch the spawn is not worth it. The only case if it is in close proximity to the lighting device and can die from high temperature. Gently pick it up and put it on a piece of foam or a chip on the surface of the water.
The female lays large eggs, the diameter of each of them reaches 2 mm. After the caviar passes through the genital crease of the leg, it begins to harden. This process takes about a day. Now, deferred caviar looks like a pink bunch of grapes. After this laying begins to change color. Track metamorphosis can be on the photo. The darker the clutch, the closer the appearance of the young. On ripening takes about 3 weeks. If the clutch is in the general aquarium, then only a few mollusks have a chance to survive.
How do snails breed?
Snails - one of the most interesting inhabitants of the aquarium. They do not just delight our eyes, like exotic fish, but also perform the useful function of cleaning the aquarium. Aquarium enthusiasts specially plant several snails to help keep the tank clean.
If you want to breed mollusks at home, you should definitely know how aquarium snails breed.
How do yellow snails reproduce?
In each type of snail the process of the appearance of children is slightly different. For example, let's take snails, popular among aquarists, with ampoules - these are rather large specimens, which are amphibians. They live in water, but are able to exist for some time and on land. It is almost impossible to distinguish a male ampoule from a female, so it is best to have 3-4 snails, and after the first laying, mark their shells in different colors depending on the floor.
The female ampulyaria crawls out to put the eggs on the top cover or side window (above the water line), and maybe even leave the limits of the aquarium. This happens only in the evening or at night, so do not be surprised if you find a clutch of eggs near the aquarium, especially if you have it without a lid. The snail feels the temperature and humidity of the environment and decides for itself where it is better to postpone its eggs. At first, the masonry is transparent, then it becomes cloudy and turns pink, and closer to the end of ripening it darkens. It is best to place newborn babies hatched from caviar into a separate container for some time, as they often die in the general aquarium.
In order to successfully breed snail ampoules, sufficient attention should be paid to the content of these mollusks. In particular, it is necessary to monitor the temperature and hardness of the water, as well as the pH value, which should be at least 7. Do not forget to regularly feed the snails with finely chopped plants, a pipemaker, a cyclop.
How do Achatina land snails breed?
Reproduction of Achatina snails occurs differently. Young snails reach puberty at the age of about one year. During this time, they should reach their maximum in size, as well as be healthy, get good nutrition and necessary care.
Like all land mollusks, each Achatina individual is a hermaphrodite, it has both female and male sex organs, and therefore all these snails are able to lay eggs. However, for mating, they still need a partner. Pregnancy lasts about a month, and a few weeks after sexual intercourse, each snail buries itself in the ground up to half and makes laying. Eggs ripen over a period of 3–4 weeks to 2 months, with up to 400 eggs per bed. The hard shell of the egg becomes thinner (the calcium from there goes to form the shell of the mollusk) and gradually dissolves, with the result that the snail is in the ground. For several days it feeds on what remains of the shell, and then crawls to the surface. When you see that in Aquarium has kids, you can immediately start feeding them: grated vegetables are best for this, you can also add chopped limestone to food.
However, it often happens that some snails eventually stop laying eggs. The reason for this is most often the age of Achatina, when the feminine begins to prevail. In this case, it is advisable to plant some young ones to the old snail, and the breeding process will get better.
You should avoid crossing snails from the same clutch - this leads to further degeneration and the appearance of various anomalies.
How to destroy the snails in the aquarium?
Aquarium snails are beautiful, useful and for the most part do not harm other inhabitants. However, there are times when they breed so abundantly that they begin to annoy the aquarist. This is especially true of soil snails, such as melania. Getting rid of them completely is not very easy, and in the article we will look at the main ways to cope with an excess amount of snails.
A variety of aquarium snails
Snails are gastropods, part of the genus Mollusca, which also includes mussels and mollusks, a feature is a single shell. They move on the surface with one big and muscular leg, eating food in a small mouth. A pair of sensitive tentacles out of the head and on them are located the eyes with which snails explore the world. They have lungs that they breathe on the surface, gills for breathing underwater, or both.
Most of the snails are hermaphroditic, that is, they have both male and female genitals immediately. In most cases, pairing requires a pair, which is to lay eggs, in a mucous protective film, in the aquarium it can often be seen under the leaves of plants. Ampulyaria lay a large number of eggs above the surface of the water, the clutch looks like yellow or orange eggs in a dense, tough pile. Some snails, such as aquarium melania - viviparous. Aquarium snails are omnivores, they can eat algae, food debris, carrion, rotting plant parts. Some large snails can damage tender plants, but contrary to popular belief, small snails do not damage them.
Snails in aquarium
The controlled population of snails does not harm the aquarium, on the contrary, the snails eat the remains of food, clean them of algae, and the ground snails mix and aerate the soil, preventing it from rotting. Many contain interesting snails - ampoules, which are not very demanding and not prone to rapid reproduction. However, small snails, such as fizy and coils tend to multiply rapidly in favorable conditions, and quickly fill the aquarium, covering the glass, filters, plants.
How to avoid snails in the aquarium
Usually, snails enter a new aquarium in the form of caviar or adults, which are transferred along with the plants, decor, or when transplanting fish. Check all plants for snails or their calves, or dip plants in a solution that kills them (Hydra-Tox), even the most attentive aquarists live snails. For a balanced aquarium snails do not pose a threat. Instead of struggling with their penetration into the aquarium, it is better to monitor their number, rapid reproduction means any problems in the aquarium.
Growing snail population in an aquarium
The main reason for the excess number of snails in the aquarium is the abundant feeding of fish. Snails devour food debris and multiply in a square progression. If snails began to disturb you, or rather their number in the aquarium, check if you are overfeeding fish?
Usually the waste accumulates in the ground and serves as a warehouse for snails, so the second task is to siphon the soil and remove the remnants of food. Also, the snails devour algae, and if you do not have antsistrus or similar catfish, you should add them to the jar, creating food competition. In addition, catfish devour the eggs of snails.
Do snails suffer diseases?
Snails are involved in the transmission of diseases among fish populations, as they can be used as carriers for parasites and pathogens. However, you should not worry too much, nevertheless, when buying new types of fish or feeding them with live food, the chance to bring the disease is several times higher.
Fighting snails with chemical methods
New preparations for dealing with snails can be bought in pet stores and online stores, but still they should be used only as a last resort, as it has a lot of side effects. The main problem is that when it works, the massive death of snails will break balance in the aquarium.
Death will cause a bacterial outbreak, changes in water parameters and fish disease. Moreover, chemistry will not kill all the snails, and their eggs, and they will continue to multiply by eating the remnants of their relatives. Carefully read the instructions, some drugs are toxic to fish and shrimp, also avoid using other chemicals for the aquarium, it can reduce effectiveness.
The natural method - snail traps
Snail traps are now produced by many brands, but it’s quite difficult to buy them from us. Easier to do it yourself. The most elementary snail trap - leave a sheet of scalded cabbage at night on the bottom of the aquarium, putting it on the plate. In the morning it will be covered with snails, which are easy to remove. By doing this regularly, you will significantly reduce the population.
If fish, for example, somas do not allow to do so, then you can modernize the method. We take a plastic bottle, close it, burn holes in the bottom, or pierce holes so that the fish cannot get in and the snails easily. Inside we put either lettuce, or cabbage, or other vegetables, better scalded, so they will work more efficiently. Flood the bottle and leave. In the morning you will receive a full bottle of snails.
The natural method is fish
Some fish in nature eat snails, and you can use them to fight. However, if your fish is full enough, it is unlikely to pay attention to them. Keep them slightly hungry. An excellent snail eater is a tetradon, but it has a bad temper and is not suitable for general aquariums. Of the less aggressive - fighting clown, macropod, some types of gourami. Also, all kinds of catfish, eating the eggs of snails. To help the catfish in the fight, turn over the decor, snags, pots, etc., as caviar is most often laid under it.
Natural method - predatory snails
Predatory snails Helena (Antentome helena), carnivores and eat other species of snails. In recent years, they have become quite popular and buy them no problem. These are beautiful, cone-shaped snails, which also look attractive. Grow up to 1.-2 cm. Helena can significantly reduce the number of snails and even completely destroy them, if this happens, they begin to eat like all snails, although such a diet is not typical for them. Although helens do not breed as fast as normal snails, they can give birth to offspring. But the snail is quite expensive, and if it happens at a loss you will not.
Snails pollute the aquarium
On the contrary, aquarium snails eat waste, clean the surface, destroy algae. This myth is most likely to come from the fact that snails thrive in neglected aquariums with abundant feeding and poor maintenance.
Snails can kill small fish
Snails are omnivores and will eat anything they can reach. Когда рыбка погибает или уже очень ослабленная, улитки мгновенно собираются на пиршество. Аквариумист видит что рыбка лежит на дне и ее поедают улитки, но они в ее смерти не виноваты. Немного подумав легко понять - тихоходная улитка не может представлять никакой опасности для здоровой и резвой рыбы.
Улитки портят растения
Некоторые улитки, особенно из природы и местных водоемов могут повредить растения. Но основная масса аквариумных улиток не вредят растениям никоим образом. Snails have a small mouth adapted for scraping from surfaces, and higher plants have a hard surface. The origin of the myth is easy to understand - the snails are constantly eating old, dying leaves and it seems that they killed them.
- 1. Do not overfeed
- 2. Clean the soil regularly.
- 3. Get catfish or shrimp so they eat the same algae
- 4. Get some snail fish
- 5. Turn the snags and decor
- 6. Use snail traps
- 7. Check out new plants and decor for caviar and snails.
- 8. Never use plants or decor from local ponds.
- 9. Do not feed a couple of days of fish, they will be more likely to eat snails
- 10. Watch out for water if using chemicals.
Neretina snail - beauty and cleanliness in an aquarium
The snail neretins are now gaining increasing popularity, and it is possible to meet them more and more often in amateur aquariums. Neretins are freshwater aquarium snails, although some members of the family also live in seawater. The popularity of the neretina earned the fact that they remarkably clean the aquarium and are one of the best destroyers of algae. Neretin can be described as peaceful, uncomplicated snails, which are also quite agile.
Now you can find four popular types of neretin:
- Neretina Zebra (Zebra Nerite Snail)
- Tiger neretina (Tiger Nerite Snail)
- Olive Nerite Snail Olive
- Horned Nerite Snail
Three types of neretin
Content in an aquarium
Keeping neretin is fairly simple. They are very unpretentious and adapt to a wide range of water parameters. Since this is a tropical species, the water should be quite warm - 24-27C. Acidity about 7.5, better than hard water or medium hardness, all snails do not tolerate soft water. If you have soft water, then you need to increase the hardness of the water in the aquarium so that the snails can form a shell normally.
As for fish, you need to monitor the level of ammonia and nitrates in the water, as nonretins are sensitive to them. It is advisable to replace weekly up to 30% of water for fresh. Do not forget that the treatment of fish with drugs containing copper can be fatal for snails, including neretin!
It is important how you launch neretin in the aquarium. Avoid simply throwing them into the water, so that they fall to the bottom as it will. The fact is, some snails will fall upside down, and for the neretina it is extremely difficult to roll over on their own and they may even die. So gently lower them to the normal position, this is the right start.
It is important to run the snail neretin in a balanced and well-established aquarium with a large number of plants. In such an aquarium, the water parameters are stable, and adaptation will be faster. And the plants will give the snails food at the initial stage, they will be able to eat rotting parts. In addition, in such an aquarium there are already algae, the main part of the nutrition of neretin.
You can keep neretin with any peaceful fish and invertebrates. By themselves, they are completely harmless, do not touch anyone, but can become a victim of large fish or fish that feed on snails, such as a tetradon.
They can live in almost any aquarium, but do not forget about overpopulation. For example, in a 40-liter aquarium, you can keep several young neretins, but no more - not enough space, not enough food, the parameters of water can vary greatly. Here the rule is the same as for fish - the larger the aquarium, the better. However, a small number of these snails will be great to live in very small aquariums.
Lifespan and coloring
Neretin has a relatively short life — about a year. Sometimes they can die within a week after purchase, sometimes they live for about two years. The most common cause of death of neretin immediately after purchase - a sharp change in conditions of detention, or hypothermia during transportation. If you suspect that the snail has already died, do not be lazy to remove it as soon as possible, they instantly decompose and spoil the water.
The sizes of neretin may vary depending on the species, but are approximately 2 cm. The largest are neretins zebra and tiger, about 2.5 cm.
It is definitely impossible to describe the coloring, since neretin is quite a lot. They can be almost black, dark brown, dark green, olive. Also on the sink there are stripes, spots, points, and the shells themselves may have horns or outgrowths.
Cleaning a leaf of a plant, it is worth seeing:
These snails are one of the best killers of algae in the aquarium; they eat green algae, brown, diatoms and others. Neretins are very active and agile snails, they are constantly moving on glasses, stones, bark and equipment, clearing it from algae. After them remains a clean place without fouling. Some people think that snails will be able to save them from algae problems, but this is not true. Algae themselves are only a consequence of any imbalance in the aquarium and you must first fight with it.
Neretins do not damage plants, they only cleanse them. But since they are quite active, they can crawl out and the aquarium and die, so you need to cover the bank. One interesting feature of neretin that scares newbies. When they are on power, they constantly move around the tank. But then suddenly, they freeze and spend some time in a daze. This can happen both in the open and in a secluded corner, and they can be in this state for several days. And it seems that neretina has already died, but do not rush to throw it away. If you have doubts, smell it - the dead snail noticeably stinks.
Caught in nature
Neretins are not diluted in fresh water, salt water is needed for successful incubation of eggs. But at the same time they will lay their eggs on hard surfaces in the aquarium. Caviar looks like white dots, and is quite noticeable on dark surfaces. Caviar is hard and it is quite difficult to scrape it, and given its abundance it can spoil the appearance of the aquarium. Juvenile fish does not appear from caviar Dilution of neretin is possible only when creating an environment that is close to natural. This is possible, but difficult for the average amateur.
Snails in the aquarium: the benefits and harm, description of species
Aquarium snails - the eternal companions of fish, they live in all types of aquariums, sometimes even where it seems impossible. We have described in some detail the most common snails in our articles. But, we will try to collect brief information on all the described species, and then the readers will already choose what interests them.
If you have ever had an aquarium, then you must have come across aquarium snails. All types of aquarium snails are often viewed as something that appears in one night, covers plants, muddies water and ruins fish. Sometimes, they do some of this, but the benefits of snails in an aquarium are much greater. Many species of aquarium snails eat leftover food and other garbage, some clean the glass and decor, and some are simply very beautiful.
To avoid problems with snails in an aquarium, you just need to understand what causes their rapid growth, and which species do not suit you. In this article, we will briefly describe the most popular types of aquarium snails, but if you want to learn more about any of them, then we have already written about almost every species, and you will find a description by clicking on the links in the article.
The role of snails in the aquarium
What feed aquarium snails? Although the type of food depends on the specific type of snail, most of them are omnivores, they eat everything they can find. Usually snails eat rotting plants, dead fish, food debris and various algae. In this way, they serve the aquarist - cleaning the aquarium from excess food residue, thereby maintaining cleanliness and lowering the level of toxins in the water.
Of course, different types of snails have disadvantages. The most common problem is that some species can spoil and even eat plants to the ground. In addition, all the snails will eat fish eggs, if they can get to it and should not keep them in spawning.
The most frequent problem is that there are too many of them. We have already discussed this question in detail in the article - how to get rid of snails in an aquarium. There are listed both the ways and causes of violent reproduction.
So, most often contain:
The coil is generally a classic snail, it can be found in almost any aquarium. It does not have any particular features, its small size, ease of reproduction and an interesting appearance have made it quite popular. It is useful in moderation, does not cause excessive harm, only it spoils the appearance of the aquarium.
Ampulyaria is also quite common, but unlike coils, it is already quite demanding on the content. Since ampoules are one of the largest species of aquarium snails, they have a corresponding appetite. Can damage young and delicate plants with a lack of food. The rest is beautiful, big, interesting.
Tilomelania - rapidly growing popularity of aquarium snails. But, besides the fact that tilomeleanii very beautiful, they are also very demanding on the conditions of detention. They can rather be attributed to the exotic, which must be kept separately, and well cared for, than to simple species.
Melania - are common as coils, but differ from them not only in appearance, but also in lifestyle. Melania live in the ground, breed in the same place, which is beneficial to the aquarium, as they mix it. But, they are prone to rapid growth, and getting rid of them is not so easy.
Neretina is a beautiful and very useful snail. Quite small, about 2 cm, neretina perfectly clean the aquarium from algae. I advise you to follow the link and watch the video as it happens. Among the shortcomings - the price and a short lifespan, about a year.
Three types of neretinMarisa is a real monster that can grow up to 6 cm or more. Large and very voracious, the marisa is not very suitable for general aquariums, as it eats away the plants at the root.
Helena is one of the most unusual species. The fact is that they eat ... other snails. If you have a lot of snails, then Helena is one of the ways to get rid of them. Details about the content of Helen on the link.
Fiza is also a very common snail. Small, easily propagated, lives in very harsh conditions. Among the shortcomings, it can gnaw through holes in the leaves of rather hard plants, such as echinodorus. What spoils their appearance, so if you are a fan of plants, then it is better to get rid of nat.
Snails to be avoided
Of those that are listed above - there are none. Anyway, the main types of snails are completely harmless. But, very often in the markets they sell under the guise of aquarium snails, species that live in the natural waters of our latitudes. Prudovik, lawn, perlovitsa and other species. The fact is that they not only eat plants (often at the root), but also carry disease and parasites. And just to become a victim of fraud is very unpleasant. How to understand that these are local snails? View on the Internet the main types of snails and not buy those that do not apply to them.
Almost all types of aquarium snails are good inhabitants, only for some people need their own conditions, which are not suitable for a common aquarium. They become a problem only if something goes wrong in the aquarium, and even then this is not a problem - this is a signal. We have listed aspen species of snails that are kept in an aquarium, and in other articles have told about them in more detail. Read, think, choose.