How snails breed in an aquarium


How do babies in aquarium snails

Snails can be both invasive inhabitants in aquarium tanks and useful, interesting pets. Some do not know how to get rid of countless populations of these animals, while others simply wish to breed them, before giving them to their friends. Aquarium snails can be called peaceful, harmless creatures exposed to attacks from fish and other inhabitants of the underwater world. In order for them to multiply with success, it is necessary to know the peculiarities of their physique and the reproduction of offspring.

What you need to know about reproduction?

There are aquarium snails - heterosexual individuals, and there are hermaphrodites that easily reproduce their own kind. Snails where the male and female breed

  • Zebra, Tiger snail (Zebra Nerites);
  • Ampulyaria (Pomacea bridgesii);
  • Neritina freshwater (Theodoxus fluviatilis);
  • Neritina red point (Neritina juttingae, Nerita diamant);
  • Apple (Asolene spixi);
  • Marisa (Marisa cornuarietis);
  • Tylomelania (Tylomelania);
  • Pagoda, Brotia Pagodula;
  • Helena (Anentome Helena);

Snails hermaphrodites:

  • Melanoides tubercula (Melanoides tuberculata);
  • Tropical prudovik (Radix rubiginosa);
  • Coil (Planorbarius corneus);
  • Phyza (Physa).

Reproduction of asexual aquarium snails involves the settlement of the male and female within the same reservoir. They are ready to multiply with increasing water temperature if more feed is added to the diet. Snails are generally voracious creatures, so they will quickly eat food.

Common and homosexual snails can lay eggs both above the water and in the water. Those who lay eggs over water (of the genus Pomacea and Pila) need to make room above the surface of the water. Before breeding, some types of ampoule are hibernating. Female snails can keep spermatozoa for months. If you have acquired a young individual, then it can suddenly produce offspring. Females are ampulyary and without males lay eggs, but they are empty.

Watch an interesting video about breeding ampoules.

Not all snails lay above water. There are species that produce offspring otherwise:

  • Nritin, Coil lay eggs on plants or soil;
  • Snail apple lays eggs under water;
  • Melania, Tilomelania and Helena are viviparous species that produce “ready-made” babies. An important rule is if you want to breed snails, then let the eggs remain in the environment where they were laid.

When snails are properly contained in aquarium conditions, they multiply very quickly, postponing new eggs every 3-5 days. The female will gain strength for a while and will continue her work. Fecundity determines feeding, water temperature.

How do eggs ripen, care for them

Snails that produce eggs above the surface of the water (Pila, Pomacea genus) after laying have a soft milky-pink color. After a few hours, they become hard, acquire a rich crimson, greenish or pink color. Dried caviar gets a light shade. Dimensions of caviar of aquarium mollusks - 2-3.5 mm. Aquarium snails producing spawn above the water, do not wait for a large number of offspring.

Masonry can be transferred to another location if you do not want to breed progeny mollusks in a common tank. Pour a small amount of water onto the clutch, and after a couple of hours remove the eggs. It is impossible that the caviar was very wet, enough moisture. Do not place under water. Water temperature for ripening caviar is from 18 to 29 ° C.

Not all snails of the genus Pomacea can lay eggs above the water. Pomacea urceus can produce 100-200 orange-colored eggs that develop inside its shell. The female during hatching hibernates, burying in the sand. Small mollusks matures, safe from their mother. Such reproduction is fraught with the fact that the female on the left side of the shell will have a scar where it was laid.

Species that make laying under water have small eggs, which are shrouded in transparent yellowish mucus. After a few hours, the clutch will absorb the water and swell. Ripening temperature: 18-28 degrees Celsius. Under no circumstances can the clutch be transferred from water.

See how the snail spawns.

How young are born and grow

In half a month, or in a month (depending on the parameters of the aquatic environment), the first fry will hatch. If this does not happen, the laying can be broken. If there are no offspring visible when the masonry breaks, it means that the roe was not fertilized, or there was not enough moisture to develop snails. The young do not want to leave the dry "shell", and simply harden.

The first few weeks of life young snails are dying, but the surviving grow rapidly. After 2-6 months, they grow to 3 cm in length, and can reproduce new pups. From the day of birth, most young snails eat the same food as their parents. It is necessary to protect them from fish, which they love to eat. If you breed these mollusks - watch out for their safety.

Everything you wanted to know about snails ampoules

Ampulyaria (Latin Pomacea bridgesii) is a large, bright and popular aquarium snail. Keep it easy, but there are important details in feeding. It comes from the Amazon, where it lives throughout its length, over time it spread to Hawaii, Southeast Asia and even Florida.

In nature, ampouleries spend most of their life in the water, getting out only by chance and during reproduction, put off the eggs. And yet, although they spend most of their life under water, they need atmospheric oxygen for breathing, after which they rise to the surface.

You can often observe how in an aquarium the ampoule rises to the surface, pulls out the breathing tube and starts pumping oxygen into it. Her respiratory system is comparable to the lungs in fish; she has gills (on the right side of her body) and lungs on the left side.

Aquarium snails ampularia very well adapted to life in the tropics, where dry periods alternate rainy season. This was reflected in their body, they developed a muscular leg with a protective flap attached to it. With this sash, they close their sink to survive in the remnants of water and dirt during the dry season.

They live in all types of reservoirs, in ponds, lakes, rivers, canals. Despite the fact that many snails are hermaphroditic, ampulyarii are opposite-sex and for reproduction they need a partner.

Although the most common color is yellow, they nevertheless exist in very different colors. In addition to the yellow ampoule, you can find white, brown and even almost black. Now blue ampoules have become fashionable, but they are not particularly different from yellow ones in keeping and breeding.

When you buy it, it is important to remember that it grows much more than other snails. They are sold fairly small, up to 2.5 cm in diameter, but can grow up to a size of 8-10 cm. There are also larger ones, which are very well fed, and they grow so large that they can compete in size with other giants - marises.

The aquarium contains several different types of ampoule, which differ from each other in shell shape. Life expectancy of an ampoule in an aquarium is 2 years.

The contents of the ampoule in the aquarium

If kept alone, a very small aquarium, about 40 liters, is enough for them. Since snails eat aquarium ampoules, they are very much, as well as a lot of waste after them, it will be right to allocate at least 10-12 liters of volume to one. Considering that they multiply rather cheerfully, it is not worth keeping them much.

But, since amphulyaries themselves are rarely contained in an aquarium, it is better to rely on a larger volume of the aquarium. So, for 3-4 snails + fish, you need about 100 liters. Of course, much depends on your conditions and details. But usually, 10 liters per ampoule will not let you down.

Yellow ampouleries are completely peaceful, never touching fish or invertebrates. There is a misconception that they attack fishes. But, this is due to the fact that snails are scavengers and eat up the dead fish, and it seems that they killed the fish. No snail is able to catch up, catch and kill healthy and active fish.

But fish ampulyarius is even alarming. They can tear off their mustaches, such as Sumatran barbs, or even completely destroy them, like a dwarf tetradon, a fahak, a green tetradon, a clown combat or large cichlids. Some will not be able to eat large snails, but small ones will be brought under the net. And large ones will be nibbled at any opportunity, which will not add to their health either. Also invertebrates can become a problem - shrimps and crayfish, they skillfully pick out snails from shells and eat.

Vision and respiratory organs


How to feed aquarium ampoules? It's very simple, they eat almost any kind of food. In addition to the fact that they eat all kinds of food that you give them, they also eat everything that they can find in the aquarium. The advantages include the fact that they eat up the feed after other inhabitants, preventing them from rotting and spoiling the water.

It is easiest to feed ampoule pills for catfish and vegetables. Especially they love cucumber, zucchini, salad, even pumpkin. Two conditions must be observed - boil the vegetables for a couple of minutes and do not keep them in the aquarium for more than a day, as the water becomes very cloudy.

With pleasure they eat and live food, I ate them with bloodworms, pipemakers. But here they need to be able to reach it, that is, a clean bottom, and in the general aquarium, as a rule, the food has time to fall into the ground.
But remember that ampulyarii easily damage the young leaves of plants and delicate species, eating them to the trunk. To avoid this, you need to abundantly feed them with vegetables and feeds containing spirulina.

Breeding Ampoule

How do ampulyarias multiply? Unlike many aquarium snails, they are not hermaphroditic and you need a male and a female for successful breeding. The easiest way to get such a pair is to buy 6 snails at once, which practically guarantees individuals of different sexes. When they become sexually mature, they will begin to divorce themselves, in order to be stimulated they do not need to perform any actions. How to understand that this happened? During mating, the male and the female merge with each other, and the male is always on top.

After mating is completed, the female crawls out of the water and lays a large number of eggs above the water surface. Caviar is a pale pink color and should be located above the surface of the water, without plunging into it, otherwise it will simply disappear. The surface of the calf is calcined under the influence of air and the babies are completely safe.

Small snails hatch in a few weeks, provided that the ambient temperature is 21-27C, and the humidity is sufficient. Newborns are quite large, fully formed and do not require any special care.

Caviar ampulyaria

Top Questions:

Ampulyaria has postponed caviar. What to do?

If you are not worried about the fact that the snails will fall into the general aquarium, then ... nothing. With constant humidity and temperature, caviar or eggs ampoule will hatch, fall into the water and begin a completely independent life. Catch them is not a problem, but if you want, you can put a plastic bottle incubator under the clutch. Small snails will fall there and you can transfer them to the general aquarium.

The moment of appearance of babies from caviar:

The ampoule doesn't move for a couple of days, what happened?

Most likely she died if she did not move for several days. A simple way to understand this is to get a snail and smell it. But, carefully, the smell can be very strong. Dead snails ampulyaria in the aquarium should be removed, as they very quickly decompose and can spoil the water.

I want to give vegetables, but they come up. How to be?

Very simple, chop a piece of non-plug or any stainless object.

Do ampouleries spoil plants?

Yes, some species can, especially if hungry. How to fight? Feed their fill.

I want to have an ampoule, but I am afraid that they will divorce. How to control them?

This is not a problem at all. First, the caviar is large and above the water, it is very difficult not to notice it. Secondly, the snails themselves are large and even catch them with their hands. Well, and more ways to get rid of snails you will find the link.

Do I need to somehow create a place where they can put off caviar?

Enough to cover the aquarium. Ideal conditions for caviar are created in the space between the lid and the water. And yes, it is better to cover, since ampulyarii can crawl away on a journey.

My snail is already very big, how long will it grow?

With good feeding, the look of the ampulyary Pomacea maculata can reach 15 cm in diameter. But, as a rule, they are 5-8 cm in diameter.

My ampulyaria has a part of the body blown off, what to do?

Nothing, they have a wonderful ability to regenerate. As a rule, a lost organ will grow within 25 days. It may be slightly smaller, but fully operational. They even restore the eyes.

How ampulyarias transfer salt water?

If you gradually increase the concentration, then they withstand a small salinity. If the snail ceased to crawl out of the shell as it rises, then reduce it before it is too late.

Do ampouleries parasites?

Yes, there are several types for which they are carriers. However, ampulyarias resist quite well, and are much sturdier than parasites.
There is one parasite that is dangerous to humans (the nematode Angiostrongylus cantonensis). Its main carrier is a rat, and a person can become infected if they consume raw snails. In rare cases, it invokes damage to the nervous system and even death.
But you have absolutely nothing to fear. Ampulyaria can become infected with it only if they live in nature, where neighbors are infected rodents. It is difficult to imagine that local ampularia bred in an aquarium can contact them. But, even if so, then you still need to eat a raw snail.

Do ampouleries hibernate?

Yes, during the dry season in nature, some species can. But in the aquarium they do not need it.

My ampulyary sink places are not of that color, what's the matter?

This is due to the fact that at some point they stopped growing (change of habitat, lack of food, other water) and as soon as everything got better, they immediately restored the former quality of the sink. But the trace remained. It's okay, the main thing is that further you keep them well.

My ampoule is collapsing shell. What is it about?

To form shells, snails absorb calcium from water. If you have very old, or very soft water, then it may simply be missing. And her defense, her shell is cracking. It is not difficult to fix it, at least to replace some of the water with fresh one, or to add mineral substances so that the water becomes harder.
But note that they can seal up the holes in the sink, but sometimes the tip of the shell disappears from them and they cannot repair it. However, it does not bother them to live.

I found an empty shell from an ampoule. Has someone eaten her?

Most likely she died herself. Above are listed the types of fish that can eat them. But, if it dies on its own, it decomposes very quickly, since it consists entirely of protein.

How many live ampoules?

Depends on the conditions of detention and temperature. At low temperatures up to 3 years, and at temperatures from 25 ° C only 12-16 months. At higher temperatures, ampouleries are more active, grow and multiply faster. But, a side effect is accelerated metabolism, and, accordingly, early death. The temperature for keeping an ampoule can vary between 18 - 28 ° C

Will ampulyarii survive in a pond?

During the summer, completely, as they can live at a temperature of 18-28 ° C. But in the fall, you know ...

My ampouleries are not active, they often do not move. I feed normally, conditions are good.

If they did not die (how to check, see above), then everything is fine. The snails themselves are rather lazy creatures, they have only two desires either to eat or to multiply. Accordingly, when these desires are not, they just sleep.
Either you have a low water temperature, which we have already written above.

My ampoule has surfaced and floats on the surface. Is she dead?

Not necessary. As mentioned above, they are rather lazy, and since they breathe the air that is pumped under the sink, they can easily emerge. Check with her is very simple. Get out of the water and see if the snail quickly closes the shell, then everything is in order. At the deceased muscles relax and she does not move.

How long does it take for caviar to hatch out?

Two to four weeks, depending on temperature and humidity.

Do ampouleries multiply throughout the year?

Yes, but in winter much less.

Why died ampoule?

It is difficult to say unequivocally, the reasons can be many. But, as a rule, in common aquariums they die ... from hunger. This is a large snail, in order to live and grow it needs a lot of food, and in the general aquarium it lacks it.

Can an ampulyarya live without water?

Of course not, this is a water snail. If you see how she gets out of the water or even crawls out of the aquarium, it means that the female is looking for a place where to lay her eggs. In this case, you need to close her exits from him, otherwise she will come out and die. Для икры нужно место с высокой температурой и влажностью воздуха, обычно идеальное место это под крышкой аквариума или стеклом.

Ампулярия ест рыб?

Как мы уже говорили, только погибших. У нее для охоты на рыбок нет ни скорости, ни зубов. А вот дохлых рыб она ест с удовольствием.

Ампулярия закапывается в грунт?

No, she is too big, she would need the efforts of a small bulldozer.

Is it possible to contain an ampoule and red-eared turtles?

You can, ampoules for eared turtles are excellent food. Joke. It is impossible, the reason has already been named.

Ampularia and helen get along?

Adults, yes. For Helen, an adult ampoule is clearly beyond its powers, but they can eat small ones.

Aquarium snails

snail ampularia

What is the role of snails. It is rare to find an aquarium in which aquarium snails would not live. Slowly moving gastropods can decorate the underwater garden and bring him a lot of benefits. But, in some circumstances, they become a shaped disaster.

The useful qualities of these creatures include loosening the soil, the destruction of unwanted algae on the walls of the aquarium and the bacterial film on the surface of the water, as well as eating food that was not eaten by fish. At the same time, some species of snails can damage aquatic plants and even cause fish to die.

If suddenly snails appeared in the aquarium, and this happened "not according to plan", then, most likely, their caviar was originally introduced into the aquarium. She could get with live food or with new plants transplanted into an aquarium. And how many snails live, hitting the aquarium? Depending on the type and conditions, from 1 year to 4 years.

So are snails needed in an aquarium? Provided they have the right choice and content, this question can be safely answered in the affirmative.

How do snails breed in an aquarium? Reproduction of snails in an aquarium often does not represent any difficulties.

snail melania

Most of them are hermaphrodites, and even a couple of small snails that came to be in the underwater garden are able to initiate a population. But there are exceptions. Such snails as ampoules are dioecious, and for their reproduction the presence of a male and a female is necessary. Soil melania are viviparous and able, after a single fertilization, to produce offspring several times.

The unique process of breeding aquarium snails - toothless. Females literally shoot the larvae - glochidia - on the bodies of fish swimming by. This almost always leads to the death of the carrier fish.

If you have a desire to contribute to the reproduction of aquarium snails (most often artificially reproduce ampoule), then, having noticed that the eggs appeared in the aquarium (on the walls, stones or cover glass), you should carefully cut it with a razor and place it into a small one (up to 10 cm deep ) tank filled with warm (26-28 degrees) water. In 15-45 days the young of aquarium snails will appear.

snail roe

What do snails eat right after birth? Juveniles of your aquarium slug should be fed with small-fraction fish food with the addition of scalded lettuce leaves or cucumber slices. The nursery capacity for young snails should be well lit. Light contributes to the formation of algae, which must necessarily be included in the diet of young individuals.

What is the use of a snail aquarium? To answer this question, you first need to answer the question of what do snails eat? First, aquarium snails successfully eat food that was not eaten by fish and hit the bottom of the aquarium. Thus, they prevent its rotting and the ingress of toxic substances into the aquarium water (aquarium catfish perform similar functions). Secondly, the snails clean the aquarium from algae. Especially in this work, horn coils and young ampoules are zealous.

It should be noted that the snails eat algae haphazardly. If the aquarium significantly overgrown with algae, the result of the activity of snails will be the emergence of a kind of "tracks" on the walls.

Melanias lead a secretive lifestyle. They spend the day light digging in the ground and draining it. Thus, melania improve gas exchange at the bottom of the aquarium. These snails do not damage the roots of plants, feeding only on organic remains. Melania breathe gills. If the aquarium begins to lack oxygen, then first of all it is felt in the ground. In such a case, melania begin to creep into the walls of the aquarium during the day. This behavior serves as a signal for the aquarist that it is necessary to increase the aeration and filtration of the aquarium water, and to clean the bottom.

By the way, snails - a good indicator of the status of the aquarium. If you notice that your aquarium slug-shooters are increasingly found to be out of the water on the walls or cover glass of the aquarium, then you should wonder why they crawl out of the aquarium. The reasons for this behavior of aquarium snails can be several. Perhaps your pets are starving, and you need to decide what to feed the snails in the aquarium. It may also indicate excessive water contamination. And for individuals with pulmonary respiration, this behavior is absolutely normal, they crawl out to ventilate the lungs.

If a massive death of snails has begun in your aquarium, it is imperative to understand why the snails die. The most common reason for this is the pollution of the aquarium with nitrates or excessive accumulation of CO gas in the water (it destroys the shell). It happens that the death of snails is due to the fact that the distance between the surface of the water and the cover glass is too small. Many snails are not able to breathe and reproduce normally.

Snails such as perloves may also be useful. In fact, they are live filters for aquariums. Along with ampoules and tiger snails, pearls have aesthetic value.

Than aquarium snails threaten underwater garden? As we have already indicated, the breeding of perlitsy can cause the death of fish. Species such as pond fish, perlovitsy and fizy damage aquarium plants and are not suitable for keeping in "green" aquariums.

In addition, under favorable conditions, the population may exceed reasonable limits. If there are a lot of snails in an aquarium, then even coils, ampoules and melania can also begin to harm the plants. In this case, it is necessary to solve the problem of how to remove the snails from the aquarium or control their numbers.

In the least severe cases, it can be done mechanically. Melania will be very convenient to remove at night. It was at this time that these snails crawl out onto the walls of the aquarium.

Well help to restrain the growth of the number of snails, many species of catfish. Eating fouling, they destroy the snail caviar. The same eggs, which were deposited in inaccessible for somik places, allow you to maintain the population.

If before you there was a question how to remove snails from an aquarium completely, then it is worth resorting to the help of macropods. A pair of macropods will successfully cope with this task in 2-3 weeks, having rid the snails of a 200-300 liter aquarium. Snails are their favorite food. But the complete removal of snails should be carried out only when gastropods multiplied in the aquarium, causing harm to other inhabitants of the underwater garden. Remember that they make biological balance in the aquarium more stable and contribute to the harmonious development of your aquarium.

Snail-content feeding description breeding compatibility

snails content

For keeping snails at home use a terrarium, but also any container made of non-toxic material, closable lid with vents. In addition to the terrarium, you will also need:

  1. The soil, in which can play the coconut substrate, earth, moss or sphagnum.
  2. Several bowls for food, cereal mixtures and calcium.
  3. Swimsuit from non-solid materials, so as not to harm the snail shell with a possible fall.
  4. Thermometer and hydrometer to monitor the temperature and humidity in the terrarium. SNAIL
  5. Personal sponge for washing the terrarium and the shells of the snails themselves, never in contact with detergents.
  6. Spray bottle with clean, settled or filtered water.


In nature, snails are subtropical inhabitants, which means that the terrarium should also maintain a humid and warm microclimate throughout the year. For most species of snails, a room temperature of 23–25 degrees is acceptable, however, for particularly thermophilic species, additional heating of the dwelling is necessary. Humidity is one of the most important factors in the snail's comfortable life. In the terrarium, it is created by daily spraying with filtered water from a spray bottle and supported by the presence of soil and a pool. With insufficient moisture, the snail becomes less active, loses its appetite and buries deep in the ground.


Snails breeding in an aquarium When and how aquarium snails breed? Once these animals reach maturity, they begin to multiply. And for this it is not necessary to start a few individuals. Gay snails. Therefore, it is enough to run into the aquarium one, as after a while you will see her kids.

Snails lay eggs on plants, pebbles, all sorts of objects and walls of the aquarium. Very often, buying a new plant in the aquarium, you can replenish it with new inhabitants. Along with the algae, the eggs get into your water corner, from which small snails hatch over time. Surely one of you already knows how snails ampouleria breed. And they do it a little differently. Ampulyaria lay their eggs slightly above the water level. At first it looks like small jelly-like pieces attached to the wall, with time they turn brown, and as a result small snails hatch from these eggs.


Compatibility: Ampularia may live in the general aquarium, but the presence of some fish is unsafe for them. So, often they become victims of large cichlids. Some fish (sword-bearers, barbs, labyrinths) pluck their delicate parts of the body, causing anxiety and making it difficult to freely rise to the surface for oxygen. It is best to keep Ampouleries in aquariums, along with small viviparous fishes, catfish corridors, and small haracin.

Snail - pet
Many of you have probably come across a situation where you want or need to have a pet. But at the same time there are many problems that you get in the appendage to the pet. It may be necessary to regularly walk it, are allergic to wool, etc. In this case, molluskariy - the aquarium in which the snail lives - the best option for you.

Why is a snail better than other pets? Does not require daily walks, does not make noise, does not smell, does not stain furniture and clothes with wool, eats almost everything, does not require frequent, complicated or expensive care, does not take up much space, does not bite or scratch, you can take a snail with you on vacation or leave one for a long time, does not cause allergies, lives for a long time and practically does not get sick.

Where grape snails live in Nature The structure of the body of a snail If you want to create comfortable conditions for your unusual pet in your home, it will not hurt you to know where the grape snails live in Nature.

So, their habitats are valleys and mountains, the edges of deciduous forests, parks, meadows, ravines, which are overgrown with shrubs, vineyards, soils that have an alkaline reaction. In dry weather, these moisture-loving creatures hide under stones, in the shade of plants, or burrow into the moss.

If abnormally high temperatures are outside, they become lethargic and may even fall into a state of stupor - something akin to hibernation, but as soon as the rains begin, the snail gets out of the shell and becomes active again. So, you will have to try to create such comfortable conditions for her at home. It is not only heat that can plunge a snail into a state of stupor, but also its decline.

So, at a temperature of 9-12 degrees above zero Celsius, it can already hibernate, and, in hibernation, snails can fall both individually and in whole snail colonies, buried in the soil to a depth of 5-10 centimeters. During hibernation, the snail loses up to about 10% of its weight, however, it quickly recovers lost grams a few weeks after its awakening. In the spring, as soon as it gets a little warmer outside, the snails wake up.

By the way, according to experts, snails can tolerate lower temperatures - they can live for several hours and at a temperature of -7 degrees below zero. Given the characteristics of a comfortable temperature regime for these mollusks, it is not surprising that snails spend most of their lives in a state of hibernation and torpor, and are only awake 4-5 months a year.

The enemies of these mollusks in Nature are mice, hedgehogs, predatory insects, toads and frogs, weasels, skunks, birds, lizards and other types of snails - so if someone from your potential pet enemies listed above lives in your house - think about it , and is it worth it to start, will you be able to ensure his safety, or will he become someone's lunch or dinner ...

Snail Compatibility

Helena snail is a threat only to small snails. She gets along with the fish quite normally, and if she attacks, then only a very sick and weakened individual. Prompt shrimps are also not included in the list of Helen victims, but, as in the case of fish, weak representatives who have suffered poorly after molting can be targeted. Rare types of shrimp are best kept separately.

Like many snails, Helena eats fish eggs, but it does not touch the fry: they are usually very brisk, and the snail will simply not catch up with them.

Good news for fans of aquarium plants! Many food snails begin to attack the algae with a lack of food, causing them serious harm. Helena snails to plants are completely indifferent.

Care for small grape snails

These tiny snails are born. After 3-4 weeks after laying eggs, young snails are born with small smooth and transparent shells that have only 1.5 curls. After 7-10 days, the kids leave their nest and crawl out onto the surface of the terrarium in search of food, which for them can be a mixture of grated vegetables, fruits and lettuce leaves.

By the way, do not forget immediately after the snails have completed laying eggs, return them to their parental terrarium so that they do not harm their young offspring. In order for snails to grow quickly and develop well (only 5% of those born will reach puberty - the rest are killed due to improper care), you should create a light day for them for 8 hours, gradually increasing it.

After 3 put on, when the snails finally get out on the surface of the substrate, it will need to be replaced, and in the terrarium itself to carry out cleaning. When the snails turn 6 weeks old and they will become completely independent in order to stand up for themselves - you can plant them with your parents. As a rule, by this time their sizes will be 4-5 times larger than at the time of their birth, and they will already look like adult mollusks.

snail video

Coil aquarium snail content breeding compatibility description photo.

Snail reel (Planorbis)


The snail is a representative of freshwater mollusks. In nature, they live in overgrown reservoirs with a weak current. It is adapted for survival even in very dirty reservoirs with low oxygen content in the water. This ability is due to the presence of a kind of light, allowing it to breathe and atmospheric air.

The snail shell resembles a flat, tightly twisted spiral. Usually there are four to five turns, with a thickening of each subsequent round. On both sides, the seam between the coils is clearly visible. The mollusk can reach sizes up to 3.5 centimeters in diameter, but most often in the aquarium the coils grow only up to 1 centimeter. By the way, the larger the snail population, the smaller they will be.

Body color can vary from brown to bright red - it depends on the type of coil. The clam is moved by means of a foot with a wide flat base-sole. On a head thin long horns are visible.

The snail can move along the surface of the water, turning the sink down - this ability arises due to the air bubble that is in the sink. In case of danger, it immediately releases this bubble and falls to the bottom. Newborn small snails usually stick together, clinging to aquarium plants.


The coil is a hermaphrodite that can self-fertilize and further multiply. Therefore, if you want to get a population of these snails, then you will only need to have only a couple of individuals. The laying of the calf snail attaches to the inside of the leaf of the aquarium plant.

In general, the population of snails in aquariums is regulated without the intervention of an aquarist, as aquarium fish happily eat young snails. But if the fish are full, then they will not touch small mollusks. If you notice a rapid increase in the population of snails, then this suggests that you are overfeeding your fish. Therefore, you only need to cut the rations of fish and pens to get snails from the banks.

There are cases when aquarists purposefully breed snails, because they go to feed some pets or fish (batyami). In this case, it is not necessary to fill up the soil in the aquarium, as this will complicate the process of cleaning the aquarium. Place in the jar several species of floating plants (naiad, pistia, riccia, javanese moss). If they could not be found, put on Vallisneria, Canadian Elodea, or rogolistnik. You can feed the snails with dry food for fish and scalded cabbage, lettuce and spinach leaves.

Reel in aquarium

Planorbis snails enter the home water reservoir in different ways, but more often the appearance of the mollusk among aquarian inhabitants is a real surprise for the owner. Now he can only regulate the population of shellfish in the tank and ensure the comfort of their coexistence with its other inhabitants. Snails - unpretentious creatures that do not require special care:

  • being tolerant to a wide range of temperatures, snails are quite satisfied with the temperature regime of water that they create for tropical fish, that is, within 22-28 ° C;
  • there is no need for special feeding of mollusks, since they are content with food debris from other underwater inhabitants, green bloom on the pond glasses, rotten fragments of reservoir plantations (young mollusks, as a rule, keep it on a rotten leaf of a plant).
Unlike other varieties of gastropods, the coil is able to move along the surface of a reservoir with a shell turned upside down.

The possibility of such a method of movement is due to the presence of air in it, let there by the snail itself. An additional support for the mollusk in this case is the film on the surface of the aquarium water, formed by waste products of bacteria or the intrinsic force of the surface tension of the water.

If any danger occurs, releasing air from the shell, the coil quickly sinks to the bottom so as not to be eaten by a predatory fish. This snail action is performed at the reflex level for self-preservation.

The fact is that the clam is a favorite dish for certain species of aquarium fish, which easily break through its saving shell. In some cases, the owners of domestic aquarium tanks with an excessive growth of the mollusk population are specially planted in the reservoir of these types of fighter fish so that they thin out the rows of snails, balancing their number.


  • Horn coil. In nature, it lives in stagnant ponds with dense thickets of plants. Shell color - brown, sizes - up to 3.5 centimeters. The body is painted in a reddish-brown color, in the tone of the shell. Horn coil prefers to eat the remnants of food and plants from the bottom of the aquarium.
  • Horn Red Coil. The size of this snail is smaller, up to 2 centimeters. It also differs from the usual red color of the shell from the usual horn coil. The benefit of a red horn coil is that it is an excellent aquarium cleaner. From the decorative point of view, this type is the most advantageous - their fiery color looks great against the background of greenery.
  • Coil Far East. Far Eastern coil came to us from the reservoirs of East Asia. Just like her relatives, she is unpretentious. Shell color - red-brown, the number of curls - from five to six. The diameter is small - only 1 centimeter. Far Eastern reel feeds on plants.
  • Coil Kilevataya. This is the most frequent guest in aquariums. It gets into them with plants or soil. Color - grayish brown. The main feature of the keeled coil is that the diameter of the shell is much larger than the width: at 6-7 revolutions and 2 centimeters in diameter it has a width of only 4 millimeters. This snail collects food at the bottom, and also with pleasure to feast on algae, cleaning the aquarium walls.
  • Coil Wrapped. This type of coil is called a pest: it propagates extremely actively, filling the entire aquarium in the shortest possible time and harming both the appearance and the condition of the water and the soil. It reaches sizes up to 1 centimeter. The shell color is dirty yellow, the shell is not very strong.

Than useful

Despite the fact that snails most often appear in an aquarium by chance, some aquarists consciously leave them, believing that the benefits of them outweigh the harm.

Indisputable decorative function of these snails. Coils - pretty cute aquarium decorations. It is interesting to watch them, and their presence in the aquarium with fish creates a more natural look.

It happens that the coils, as well as other snails, are called the orderlies of the aquarium. This is partly true. Coil snails eat rotten algae leaves, without touching healthy ones. They collect the remnants of fallen food, thereby saving the aquarium from debris. Also, the coils are able to remove the film from the surface of the water and clean the aquarium wall.

Snails are becoming an indicator of water pollution, prompting that it is time to start cleaning or reduce the amount of feed for fish. If the population of coils has grown noticeably - this is the signal.

Some aquarists breed coils in their aquariums as fish food. Many fishes enjoy eating mollusks with pleasure, and the fecundity of this species makes it easy to maintain abundance.

Than harmful

Despite the fact that the benefits of snails are quite large, many people prefer to get rid of mollusks, barely finding the intruder.

Coils are very prolific. They are hermaphroditic, and only a pair of snails is enough to get a whole flock of mollusks. Rapid reproduction leads to an increase in the number of their waste products, which are harmful and pollute the aquarium.

If the snails do not have enough food, they will take over the aquarium plants. And not for rotten leaves, but for healthy ones. Voracious coils quickly destroy the plant.

Snail-coil can cause fish disease. Often this happens when the snail is brought into the aquarium conditions from the local water body. In this situation, the fish will have to be treated with special preparations that the snails most likely will not suffer.

In general, the overgrown flock of snails spoils the appearance of the aquarium, hanging in whole clusters on the walls and plants.


It is known that coils can be carriers of parasites during life, which infect and even kill fish. But it is in nature, and in an aquarium the chance with snails to transfer parasites is much lower than with food. Even in frozen food, not to mention live food, various parasites and pathogens can survive.

So I wouldn't worry about that. If it is very important for you to get snails, but you are afraid to bring parasites, then you can bring in the aquarium caviar coils, which is not a carrier.

Truth and myths about coils

Very often, articles about coil snails contain a lot of conflicting information, including negative ones.

Coils unregulated breed. Indeed, the mollusk population can quickly grow, but only if they have no natural enemies in the aquarium or the fish are constantly fed. And this can be corrected.

Planorbis spoils the greenery of home ponds. In fact, it is not. The mollusk is often seen on a rotted plant, and in fact it is in this place because it eats this very decomposed part of the plant. A healthy leaf snail is unable to perforate, as it naturally has weak teeth.

Coil snails carry parasites that affect aquarium fish, and sometimes destroy them. Hypothetically this is possible, but it’s much more likely to bring in parasites with food (especially alive from the nearest reservoir). So you just need to take the safe coils in a specialty store.

In conclusion, I would like to note the following in defense of snails: to keep the coils in a home aquarium or not, everyone decides for himself, but the benefits of these mollusks nurses are obvious, and all the inconveniences associated with them can be minimized.



Snail ampoule. Reproduction ampulyary. Aquarium.

How do helen snails breed?

Elena Elena

This is a predatory snail, it kills and eats other snails. A 20-liter aquarium filled with slightly alkaline (pH from 7.2 to 8), warm (23-27 ° C) water with a hardness of 8-15NK ° is suitable for their maintenance. The bottom of the aquarium is covered with a sandy substrate, in which snails often burrow.
for their reproduction are necessary the female and male. Therefore, it is advisable to keep them in large quantities in order to have representatives of each sex available. Helena snails are heterosexual, but it is impossible to distinguish where the female is and where the male is. Only during breeding can one understand who is who. By the way, before the breeding begins, a couple of helen will crawl along the aquarium together.
It is very easy to breed them, they only lay eggs in very small quantities, and it is often eaten by other inhabitants of the aquarium.
The female lays one egg at a time on flat stones or on other elements of the aquarium decoration. Depending on the temperature, the development lasts 20-28 days. After hatching, babies burrow into the sand and, if there is enough food in it, they can live in it for several months. The average lifespan of the snail Helena is from 2 to 5 years.
simply placing only Helen (Anentome helena) purchased, in a common aquarium, with lots of active fish, shrimp and snails, you condemn them to a slow death. They will not live normally and effectively multiply. First, assistants need to grow up and multiply in suitable conditions and only then use them for their intended purpose.
For breeding snails do not need to create any optimal conditions. The main thing is the presence of normal temperature and protein foods. By the way, when the water temperature is below 20 ° C, the snails can stop their reproduction. In general, a pair of Helena snails per year can give offspring of 300 individuals. But this is only under good conditions. Also, good reproduction contributes to a calm atmosphere. The aggressive behavior of labyrinth fish, bots, barbs and cichlids can affect the reproduction of snails. Therefore, better save them from such annoying neighbors.