How to destroy the snails in the aquarium?
Aquarium snails are beautiful, useful and for the most part do not harm other inhabitants. However, there are times when they breed so abundantly that they begin to annoy the aquarist. This is especially true of soil snails, such as melania. Getting rid of them completely is not very easy, and in the article we will look at the main ways to cope with an excess amount of snails.
A variety of aquarium snails
Snails are gastropods, part of the genus Mollusca, which also includes mussels and mollusks, a feature is a single shell. They move on the surface with one big and muscular leg, eating food in a small mouth. A pair of sensitive tentacles out of the head and on them are located the eyes with which snails explore the world. They have lungs that they breathe on the surface, gills for breathing underwater, or both.
Most of the snails are hermaphroditic, that is, they have both male and female genitals immediately. In most cases, pairing requires a pair, which is to lay eggs, in a mucous protective film, in the aquarium it can often be seen under the leaves of plants. Ampulyaria lay a large number of eggs above the surface of the water, the clutch looks like yellow or orange eggs in a dense, tough pile. Some snails, such as aquarium melania - viviparous. Aquarium snails are omnivores, they can eat algae, food debris, carrion, rotting plant parts. Some large snails can damage tender plants, but contrary to popular belief, small snails do not damage them.
Snails in aquarium
The controlled population of snails does not harm the aquarium, on the contrary, the snails eat the remains of food, clean them of algae, and the ground snails mix and aerate the soil, preventing it from rotting. Many contain interesting snails - ampoules, which are not very demanding and not prone to rapid reproduction. However, small snails, such as fizy and coils tend to multiply rapidly in favorable conditions, and quickly fill the aquarium, covering the glass, filters, plants.
How to avoid snails in the aquarium
Usually, snails enter a new aquarium in the form of caviar or adults, which are transferred along with the plants, decor, or when transplanting fish. Check all plants for snails or their calves, or dip plants in a solution that kills them (Hydra-Tox), even the most attentive aquarists live snails. For a balanced aquarium snails do not pose a threat. Instead of struggling with their penetration into the aquarium, it is better to monitor their number, rapid reproduction means any problems in the aquarium.
Growing snail population in an aquarium
The main reason for the excess number of snails in the aquarium is the abundant feeding of fish. Snails devour food debris and multiply in a square progression. If snails began to disturb you, or rather their number in the aquarium, check if you are overfeeding fish?
Usually the waste accumulates in the ground and serves as a warehouse for snails, so the second task is to siphon the soil and remove the remnants of food. Also, the snails devour algae, and if you do not have antsistrus or similar catfish, you should add them to the jar, creating food competition. In addition, catfish devour the eggs of snails.
Do snails suffer diseases?
Snails are involved in the transmission of diseases among fish populations, as they can be used as carriers for parasites and pathogens. However, you should not worry too much, nevertheless, when buying new types of fish or feeding them with live food, the chance to bring the disease is several times higher.
Fighting snails with chemical methods
New preparations for dealing with snails can be bought in pet stores and online stores, but still they should be used only as a last resort, as it has a lot of side effects. The main problem is that when it works, the massive death of snails will break balance in the aquarium.
Death will cause a bacterial outbreak, changes in water parameters and fish disease. Moreover, chemistry will not kill all the snails, and their eggs, and they will continue to multiply by eating the remnants of their relatives. Carefully read the instructions, some drugs are toxic to fish and shrimp, also avoid using other chemicals for the aquarium, it can reduce effectiveness.
The natural method - snail traps
Snail traps are now produced by many brands, but it’s quite difficult to buy them from us. Easier to do it yourself. The most elementary snail trap - leave a sheet of scalded cabbage at night on the bottom of the aquarium, putting it on the plate. In the morning it will be covered with snails, which are easy to remove. By doing this regularly, you will significantly reduce the population.
If fish, for example, somas do not allow to do so, then you can modernize the method. We take a plastic bottle, close it, burn holes in the bottom, or pierce holes so that the fish cannot get in and the snails easily. Inside we put either lettuce, or cabbage, or other vegetables, better scalded, so they will work more efficiently. Flood the bottle and leave. In the morning you will receive a full bottle of snails.
The natural method is fish
Some fish in nature eat snails, and you can use them to fight. However, if your fish is full enough, it is unlikely to pay attention to them. Keep them slightly hungry. An excellent snail eater is a tetradon, but it has a bad temper and is not suitable for general aquariums. Of the less aggressive - fighting clown, macropod, some types of gourami. Also, all kinds of catfish, eating the eggs of snails. To help the catfish in the fight, turn over the decor, snags, pots, etc., as caviar is most often laid under it.
Natural method - predatory snails
Predatory snails Helena (Antentome helena), carnivores and eat other species of snails. In recent years, they have become quite popular and buy them no problem. These are beautiful, cone-shaped snails, which also look attractive. Grow up to 1.-2 cm. Helena can significantly reduce the number of snails and even completely destroy them, if this happens, they begin to eat like all snails, although such a diet is not typical for them. Although helens do not breed as fast as normal snails, they can give birth to offspring. But the snail is quite expensive, and if it happens at a loss you will not.
Snails pollute the aquarium
On the contrary, aquarium snails eat waste, clean the surface, destroy algae. This myth is most likely to come from the fact that snails thrive in neglected aquariums with abundant feeding and poor maintenance.
Snails can kill small fish
Snails are omnivores and will eat anything they can reach. When the fish dies or is already very weakened, the snails immediately gather for a feast. The aquarist sees that the fish is lying at the bottom and snails are eating it, but they are not to blame for its death. A little thought is easy to understand - a slow-moving snail can pose no danger to healthy and frisky fish.
Snails spoil the plants
Some snails, especially from nature and local water bodies can damage plants. But the bulk of the aquarium snails do not harm the plants in any way. Snails have a small mouth adapted for scraping from surfaces, and higher plants have a hard surface. The origin of the myth is easy to understand - the snails are constantly eating old, dying leaves and it seems that they killed them.
- 1. Do not overfeed
- 2. Clean the soil regularly.
- 3. Get catfish or shrimp so they eat the same algae
- 4. Get some snail fish
- 5. Turn the snags and decor
- 6. Use snail traps
- 7. Check out new plants and decor for caviar and snails.
- 8. Never use plants or decor from local ponds.
- 9. Do not feed a couple of days of fish, they will be more likely to eat snails
- 10. Watch out for water if using chemicals.
How to destroy the snails in the aquarium? Wrestling
Snails multiply very quickly and abundantly: in a normal aquarium they have no natural enemies that can control the size of their population. When the snails are no longer able to see the fish, the time comes to get rid of uninvited guests. There are several effective ways to deal with aquarium snails.
The first way is to catch all snails (or at least most of them) manually. It is quite simple, but it will take a lot of time, and there will be several individuals in the ground that can later multiply to the same size.
To spend much less time, you need to put a banana peel or a leaf of lettuce on the bottom of the aquarium. It is preferable to still use the peel, because the salad is often loved to eat fish, thereby reducing the effort to lure snails to a minimum. When all the snails are gathered on the peel, you just need to take it out of the aquarium - but as carefully as possible. This procedure is done repeatedly, otherwise the problem will arise again, how to destroy the snails in the aquarium.
If time permits, it is possible to make natural enemies of these creatures - predatory fish will eat everyone, whatever their number, but there is a danger that they will eat other inhabitants as well, so you need to choose - either old-timers or novices.
A radical method of struggle will be the removal from the aquarium of all its inhabitants and washing the walls with a solution of salt or bleach, as well as boiling the soil. The disadvantage of this method is that the entire internal ecosystem will be destroyed, and it will take a long time until it is restored again. This method can be used for any disease settled in the water - for example, to combine it with the fight against blue-green algae.
The fight against snails in an aquarium can be crowned with success even in the case of buying a special tool in a pet shop, and it must be borne in mind that the means intended to combat snails often contain copper, which is dangerous for fish and plants. After processing, when the snails are dead, it is necessary to get rid of them as soon as possible, because, decomposing, they will pollute the water.
Whichever method of destruction of snails is chosen, it is rather difficult to get rid of them, therefore before planting a couple of cute Ampularia in your aquarium, you need to think carefully about the consequences that can bring a lot of trouble.
❶ How to get snails :: how to get the loach out of the garden :: Garden
How to get snails
The snail, which seems to us the most harmless-looking creature, is at the same time a dangerous pest of the garden. Cabbage, tomatoes, flowers - everything can be eaten or spoiled by ordinary snails or slugs. Therefore, these uninvited guests need to get rid of.
The question of "Property Rights" - 1 answer
1. Try not to create favorable conditions for the pest to exist. Snails love moist soil and perfectly hide and multiply under planks and windbreaks. Do not thicken the planting of vegetable crops, mow the grass regularly, do not leave boards and stones on the ground. Digging up the area, destroy the laying of eggs of the pest.
2. Bring toads, frogs or feed a local hedgehog to your site. All these animals are the main enemies. snails. Hang out feeders and bird houses. Birds will significantly reduce the number of mollusks.
3. Planted around the perimeter of the garden and around the ridges strongly smell plants: garlic, lavender, thyme, parsley, rosemary, mustard. Spice-aromatic cultures do not like these pests.
4. Periodically sprinkle salt on compost piles and garbage pits, where snails are often eaten. Build plastic bottle craters around valuable plants. The pest will not be able to overcome such a barrier.
5. Put obstacles on the way to the garden crops. Sharp edges of shell rock, spruce needles, small gravel, sawdust and eggshell can become materials for such fences. You can put around the ridge with vegetables gutters filled with water. Water is also a barrier to slugs and snails.
6. Make or purchase special traps for snails. Periodically inspect them and destroy those individuals that are caught. Top up fluids that attract mollusks to the traps: juice, beer.
7. Spray the plants on the perimeter of the site with solutions that scare slugs: infusion of garlic, mustard or coffee. Powder the plants and the ground with dry wood ash, slaked lime, chalk, tobacco dust.
If the number of pests does not decrease after all the measures taken, use a chemical, metaldehyde. But remember that this substance is dangerous not only for snails, but also for pets and people.
What is the role of snails. It is rare to find an aquarium in which aquarium snails would not live. Slowly moving gastropods can decorate the underwater garden and bring him a lot of benefits. But, in some circumstances, they become a shaped disaster.
The useful qualities of these creatures include loosening the soil, the destruction of unwanted algae on the walls of the aquarium and the bacterial film on the surface of the water, as well as eating food that was not eaten by fish. At the same time, some species of snails can damage aquatic plants and even cause fish to die.
If suddenly snails appeared in the aquarium, and this happened "not according to plan", then, most likely, their caviar was originally introduced into the aquarium. She could get with live food or with new plants transplanted into an aquarium. And how many snails live, hitting the aquarium? Depending on the type and conditions, from 1 year to 4 years.
So are snails needed in an aquarium? Provided they have the right choice and content, this question can be safely answered in the affirmative.
How do snails breed in an aquarium? Reproduction of snails in an aquarium often does not represent any difficulties.
Most of them are hermaphrodites, and even a couple of small snails that came to be in the underwater garden are able to initiate a population. But there are exceptions. Such snails as ampoules are dioecious, and for their reproduction the presence of a male and a female is necessary. Soil melania are viviparous and able, after a single fertilization, to produce offspring several times.
The unique process of breeding aquarium snails - toothless. Females literally shoot the larvae - glochidia - on the bodies of fish swimming by. This almost always leads to the death of the carrier fish.
If you have a desire to contribute to the reproduction of aquarium snails (most often artificially reproduce ampoule), then, having noticed that the eggs appeared in the aquarium (on the walls, stones or cover glass), you should carefully cut it with a razor and place it into a small one (up to 10 cm deep ) tank filled with warm (26-28 degrees) water. In 15-45 days the young of aquarium snails will appear.
What do snails eat right after birth? Juveniles of your aquarium slug should be fed with small-fraction fish food with the addition of scalded lettuce leaves or cucumber slices. The nursery capacity for young snails should be well lit. Light contributes to the formation of algae, which must necessarily be included in the diet of young individuals.
What is the use of a snail aquarium? To answer this question, you first need to answer the question of what do snails eat? First, aquarium snails successfully eat food that was not eaten by fish and hit the bottom of the aquarium. Thus, they prevent its rotting and the ingress of toxic substances into the aquarium water (aquarium catfish perform similar functions). Secondly, the snails clean the aquarium from algae. Especially in this work, horn coils and young ampoules are zealous.
It should be noted that the snails eat algae haphazardly. If the aquarium significantly overgrown with algae, the result of the activity of snails will be the emergence of a kind of "tracks" on the walls.
Melanias lead a secretive lifestyle. They spend the day light digging in the ground and draining it. Thus, melania improve gas exchange at the bottom of the aquarium. These snails do not damage the roots of plants, feeding only on organic remains. Melania breathe gills. If the aquarium begins to lack oxygen, then first of all it is felt in the ground. In such a case, melania begin to creep into the walls of the aquarium during the day. This behavior serves as a signal for the aquarist that it is necessary to increase the aeration and filtration of the aquarium water, and to clean the bottom.
By the way, snails - a good indicator of the status of the aquarium. If you notice that your aquarium slug-shooters are increasingly found to be out of the water on the walls or cover glass of the aquarium, then you should wonder why they crawl out of the aquarium. The reasons for this behavior of aquarium snails can be several. Perhaps your pets are starving, and you need to decide what to feed the snails in the aquarium. It may also indicate excessive water contamination. And for individuals with pulmonary respiration, this behavior is absolutely normal, they crawl out to ventilate the lungs.
If a massive death of snails has begun in your aquarium, it is imperative to understand why the snails die.The most common reason for this is the pollution of the aquarium with nitrates or excessive accumulation of CO gas in the water (it destroys the shell). It happens that the death of snails is due to the fact that the distance between the surface of the water and the cover glass is too small. Many snails are not able to breathe and reproduce normally.
Snails such as perloves may also be useful. In fact, they are live filters for aquariums. Along with ampoules and tiger snails, pearls have aesthetic value.
Than aquarium snails threaten underwater garden? As we have already indicated, the breeding of perlitsy can cause the death of fish. Species such as pond fish, perlovitsy and fizy damage aquarium plants and are not suitable for keeping in "green" aquariums.
In addition, under favorable conditions, the population may exceed reasonable limits. If there are a lot of snails in an aquarium, then even coils, ampoules and melania can also begin to harm the plants. In this case, it is necessary to solve the problem of how to remove the snails from the aquarium or control their numbers.
In the least severe cases, it can be done mechanically. Melania will be very convenient to remove at night. It was at this time that these snails crawl out onto the walls of the aquarium.
Well help to restrain the growth of the number of snails, many species of catfish. Eating fouling, they destroy the snail caviar. The same eggs, which were deposited in inaccessible for somik places, allow you to maintain the population.
If before you there was a question how to remove snails from an aquarium completely, then it is worth resorting to the help of macropods. A pair of macropods will successfully cope with this task in 2-3 weeks, having rid the snails of a 200-300 liter aquarium. Snails are their favorite food. But the complete removal of snails should be carried out only when gastropods multiplied in the aquarium, causing harm to other inhabitants of the underwater garden. Remember that they make biological balance in the aquarium more stable and contribute to the harmonious development of your aquarium.
How to catch snails from the aquarium
How to get rid of the coils in the aquarium. Red coil snail
How to remove the snails from the aquarium in which there is nothing except the soil for the plants.
1. in a saucer or some other vessel in which the hole is made, put the bait pieces of raw potato, dried banana peel, skilted beef) and put the vessel on the night on the ground. , in the morning they are taken out together with the gathered clams. The operation can be repeated either until their complete destruction or to reduce the number.
2. You can also use copper sulfate (0.3 g per 10 liters of water. After 3-4 hours, it is necessary to thoroughly clean the aquarium with a complete change of water
Throw something edible into the aquarium (a piece of cucumber or the like.), a lot of snails will gather on it, take out the food together with the snails. and so several times, until all gather. Do not leave the food in the aquarium for more than 3 hours, otherwise the water will deteriorate. and which snails do you have?