Snails

Snail swims on the surface of the aquarium

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Ampularia: the use and decoration of the aquarium

Snails in an aquarium are not just pretty decorations, but often also very useful sweepers to help get rid of the remnants of food and sludge. One of the most favorite aquarists is the aquarium snail ampulyaria. She comes from South America. Snails live in calm and warm by the sun warm reservoirs - rivers, ponds and bolts. Its other name is an apple snail.

Its habitat has adapted the snail to poor water quality, so it is completely unpretentious and its maintenance in aquarium conditions does not cause trouble: they are easy to feed, care for them and breed. However, before you start an ampoule, you should familiarize yourself with their features.

Description

Aquarium ampoule looks very attractive, perhaps that's why it has become very popular. When buying tiny two-centimeter ampoules, keep in mind that they are impressive in size, from 5 to 15 centimeters. Life expectancy depends on the conditions in which it lives. The figure can vary from year to four years.

Externally, aquarium ampulyaria is somewhat similar to a pond snail. In nature, their shell is painted in light brown colors. In the aquarium world, snails with yellow color are most often observed. In addition to these colors, there are also white, brown, almost black and even blue ampouleries.

The coloring of the snails does not affect the characteristics of their content and feeding. Moreover, the content of several ampoules of different colors in one aquarium looks very advantageous from a decorative point of view.

Interesting respiratory system ampulyary. The mollusk spends most of its life under water, like a fish - aquarium water gives it the necessary oxygen. But sometimes you can see how ampulyaria, rising to the surface, pulls out his breathing tube and breathes. The thing is that in addition to the gill slits, it has lungs, and it periodically needs atmospheric oxygen.

Reproduction ampoules does not require special conditions or stimulation. They multiply fairly quickly, but if the aquarium conditions deteriorate, the activity decreases.

Sensing danger, the ampoule closes the lid of the mouth of the shell. This device allows the cochlea not only to protect itself from predators. She also has to do this during periods of drought. Maintaining optimal conditions in the aquarium will prevent the cochlea from hibernating, and it will stay awake all year round.

Content

Snail ampouleries are very unpretentious creations. The amount of water is calculated according to the scheme of 10 liters per snail. If you plan to contain only ampoule, a small aquarium capacity of 40 liters is quite suitable for them. But still some snails are rarely contained, so if you decide to populate 3-4 ampulyary with your fish, select an aquarium with a capacity of at least 100 liters.

When pouring water into a container, be sure to leave an air gap of 10 centimeters. It needs ampulyaria for breathing. No matter how long the snail is under water, it will die without oxygen on the surface. The aquarium cover must be closed, otherwise the clam may get out of its house and die.

The aquarium water parameters are generally the same as when the fish are kept - filtration, aeration, regular water changes.

  • Temperature. From 18 to 30 degrees. But it should be borne in mind that these snails are of tropical origin and live in heat. The optimum temperature is about 24 degrees.
  • Calcium content. If the aquarium water is very soft, the snail shell will begin to collapse. Over time, holes and holes will appear. To change the level of hardness, a couple of shells, crushed marble or special preparations are added to the aquarium.

Peculiar relations in ampoules with algae. Aquarium plants with soft and thin leaves are likely to become a victim of voracious snails. Often, even in case of sufficient feeding, the plants may suffer. That is why it is better to plant hard algae in the ampulyary aquarium, which will be too tough for the clam.

Feeding

Ampulyaria, like all aquarium snails, have an excellent appetite. They eat almost all types of food. They can be fed with vegetables (carrots, cabbage, lettuce, zucchini and cucumbers), after dabbing them with boiling water for softness. Do not disdain ampulyaria live food - pipemaker, bloodworm.

Many novice aquarists get scared by noticing how a clam eats a dead fish. But do not worry: the living inhabitants of the aquarium ampulyary not attack. But they will calmly eat the dead snails, fish, as well as their eggs.

Feed the ampoule is not worth much. They, of course, do not hurt much satiety, but how much rotting remnants of food will hurt the entire aquarium!

Compatibility

Snails ampulyariya peaceful and calm inhabitants of the aquarium. Their behavior does not disturb the neighbors, but, alas, it is not mutual. Many aquarium fish can tweak snails and even tear off their antennae. Larger fish — the fahak, the green tetradon, and the large cichlids — will purposefully attack the snail, seeing food in it. Usually they eat the young, but large individuals, too, do not be good. Fish will nibble them all the time.

If shrimps and crayfish live in your tank, snails will have to be abandoned. With great delight, these aquarium dwellers gobble up ampulyaria, skillfully picking out a snail from the shell.

Breeding

Most of the snails are hermaphroditic and easily reproduce in the presence of two individuals. But an aquarium ampoule is an exception. They are opposite-sex animals, but you will not succeed in determining gender. Males are no different from females. Accordingly, reproduction requires the presence of two individuals. Therefore, if you are planning to breed snails, it is better to purchase 3-4 individuals, just in case. To breed them, do not need any stimulants.

After mating, the female crawls to the surface and begins to look for the most comfortable place in order to lay eggs. Most often she does this in the evening. She lays eggs not in water, protecting offspring from predators. Touch or move the calf can not, if there is no really compelling reasons. It so happens that the ampoule laid eggs at night at the lighting. In this case, it should be done, until the caviar is hardened, move it. Otherwise, when you turn on the lamp, the eggs will burn.

When ripe, the eggs become darker, and after 2-4 weeks, snail crumbs appear. Leave them in the general aquarium can not be - most likely, they die or become food for fish. Ampouleas multiply fairly quickly, but their numbers are easily controlled manually.

On the very first day, tiny snails are already eating soft aquarium plants, collecting leftover food. Feed chopped fish food, and after a couple of weeks, you can add to the diet and parental food.

Drug tolerance

It is worth knowing that if necessary, treatment of the aquarium snails need to be transplanted, as they do not tolerate many drugs. No matter how many snails live in an aquarium, they should not be left in case of use:

  • formaldehydes and pesticides, which are used to exterminate parasites;
  • metaldehyde;
  • copper-containing drugs used to treat fungal infections;
  • malachite green (for the treatment of ichthyophthiriasis and fungal diseases).

By the way, if the snail has surfaced, it does not mean that she died. Do not be afraid of this behavior. Maybe she just breathes. It is possible to determine whether the ampoule is alive, just as in the case of any other snail - to smell. If the smell is unpleasant, the clam is dead and must be removed from the aquarium immediately.

The benefits of ampulyaria

It has already been mentioned above that multi-colored and undoubtedly cute creatures are an excellent decoration of an aquarium. They will help create a unique interior in your underwater garden.

Like other snails, ampulyarias are wonderful aquarium attendants. They do an excellent job with the coating on the walls and the film on the surface of the water. She collects the remaining feed after feeding, no matter how much it is left, not allowing it to rot and pollute the soil and water.

Snails in the aquarium - this is to some extent a classic. And ampulyaria, perhaps, have become one of the most worthy representatives. It is interesting to watch them, and a variety of colors is pleasing to the eye. Efforts to maintain ampoules are minimal, and you do not have to do much, and the results fully justify the expectations.

Content and reproduction of ampoules in the aquarium

Ampulyaria (lat. Pomacea bridgesii) is a large and cute aquarium snail. This mollusk is easy to maintain and feed, it is incredibly prolific and performs a number of important functions in the home nursery. The natural habitat of ampulyarius is the freshwater Amazon River basin, but they managed to acclimatize in the USA and Southeast Asia.

They are rarely seen on land, most often they are under water. On the surface they are found only during breeding, when they lay eggs. Naturally, atmospheric oxygen, which they capture on the surface of a pond, is necessary for a full life. It also occurs in an aquarium — an ampullary pulls out the breathing tube, pumping portions of oxygen into itself. The respiratory system is unique - there are lungs on the left side of the body, and gills on the right side. Breathe can be liquefied with oxygenated water, or atmospheric.

Since their native place of residence is tropical regions, they are able to survive in places with high humidity and dryness, for them this is a common phenomenon. In the process of evolution, the leg muscles developed perfectly, and a protective film was formed on them, which closes the shell during a drought. So changeable weather conditions are not a problem for them.

They are found in various freshwater reservoirs, ranging from rivers, and ending with irrigation canals, ponds, lakes. Like many snails, ampulyaria live closer to moisture and water. However, there is a difference between them and other mollusks - these turned out to be heterosexual, and they are looking for a partner to reproduce offspring.

Description

Such mollusks are most often yellow, but there are other varieties of color. There are white, brown, black ampouleries, even blue ones. All of these aquarium snails are unpretentious, and except for the color of the body and the shell are no different from each other.

When buying a snail, remember that it is large in size. You can buy a small snail of 2 cm in size, and it will grow up to 10 cm. If the owner feeds the pet well, it becomes even bigger, reaching almost gigantic sizes (as for a snail).

Aquarium ampoule can cohabit in the same house with other snails, without interfering with each other. He lives in captivity about 1-2 years, the snail is very prolific.

Conditions of detention

A snail of 40 liters in volume is enough for the maintenance of the snail ampoule, but for several snails a large nursery is needed; for each individual, 10 liters should be allocated for each individual. Rapidly multiply - you will be very surprised when you notice a huge amount of caviar. Before breeding ampoule, think about how caviar will settle down, and how many fry it will turn out.

Many aquarists buy a pair of snails so that they do not get bored. You have to get a large aquarium so that each ampulyary feels comfortable. If both fish and snails live in a water container, then count on a volume of at least 100 liters. Let better a lot of space than closely.

A yellow snail ampulyary is a peaceful creature that does not disturb other inhabitants of the reservoir. Someone spread rumors that they eat fish, but this is not true. Like most snails, ampouleries are scavengers, eating only dead fish while cleansing the water. Of course, the slow clam is hardly able to catch up with the fish, and grab it, which would be noticeable.

Another thing is when the fish can disturb the ampoule, cutting off their antennae, piercing the shell. If someone has torn off a part of the body, then it will quickly recover. The ability to regenerate - the best than awarded their nature. Ampularia restores all parts of the body, even the eyes.

Incompatible with Sumatran barbs, green tetradon, fighting clown, fakaka, large tsikhlovymi. Shrimps and crayfish also bring trouble to snails - they are able to pick out the snail's body from the shell and eat it.

See how catfish antsitrus is fighting with ampulyaria.

Mollusks tolerate parasites, however, compared with other snails, much more enduring. They transfer nematodes, and if a person eats a raw snail, it can become infected. Sources of infection are rodents (rats) from polluted rivers. In the home, this is rare, because at home the snail lives clean. Moreover, they do not come into contact with rodents in an aquarium.

When infecting fish with parasites, you need to be careful with the use of drugs - which is useful for fish, it is deadly for the mollusk, since aquarium species are biologically closer to parasites than to fish. When treating fish, temporarily remove the snails from the aquarium. Settle them in a glass jar of 5 liters or more, covering it with glass. Between the glass and the jar should be a hole for air access.

How to feed

For such snails fit any food. In addition to the proposed feed, they can eat what will be at the bottom of the nursery. They eat the food not eaten with small fish, not allowing water to spoil.

The best food - vegetables and tablets for catfish. Treats - zucchini, cucumbers, lettuce and pumpkin. All vegetables need to boil in water for a few minutes, then send them into the water. If they are not eaten within 24 hours, remove food debris so that the water does not dim.


They will happily eat live food - bloodworm and tubule, it is important that the food falls to the ground. If there are plants in the tank, then the snails will nibble them to avoid this, feed them abundantly with vegetables.

Also for ampulyarius, calcium is essential. If you have noticed the destruction of the shell, this is an alarming signal - there are not enough trace elements in the water. On the shell formed cracks in the soft and old water. Immediately refresh the water and add minerals to it. Holes in the shell are able to heal, but it is not always restored. If you find an empty shell, you should know - the aquarium snail could dry itself after death, because its body is completely composed of protein.

Breeding and breeding

Aquarium mollusks ampulyarii need pair reproduction, for breeding, male and female are needed. In order for a pair to form, you should acquire several pairs of snails at once, which themselves will begin to multiply, without additional stimulation. It's easy to notice - they merge into one.

See how ampulyariae multiply.

Caviar is deposited on the water surface by the female. Caviar pale color and large. All caviar should be on the surface of the water, the child will die when immersed. Eggs are calcined due to the atmospheric air, as a result the fry are in a safe place. Breeding can lead to a huge number of offspring, some kids give, others sell.

A few weeks later, small aquarium snails are born, provided the optimum level of humidity and temperature is 20-27 degrees. Fry noticeable, with a large body, are fully formed individuals, and do not require additional care.

It is important to know!

Reproduction and laying of caviar are regulated. The female of the snail independently searches for and selects a place for laying eggs, feeling the air temperature and humidity. So in the future there will be no need to "evict" eggs to another place. Another thing is if the female placed her near the backlight - strong heat will destroy the fry. Carefully remove the caviar and place it on a floating object (can lid, plate).

All the eggs are soft, elastic, 2 mm in size. Mason easily glued to the glass in the form of grapes. A day later, the eggs are not milky white, and yellowish. Over time, the color darkens. Unfortunately, in the general aquarium, many snails die, so you need a separate container to save the offspring.

Ampularia - aquarium snail.

Ampulyaria CONTENT

There are no problems with feeding an ampoule, they are actually omnivorous. In nature, they apparently feed mainly on plant food, while in an aquarium they sometimes prefer food of animal origin, along with aquarium fish. But despite the fact that they are very nimble snails, they cannot compete with the fish while feeding and in the general aquarium they may well be constantly hungry. Therefore, to keep these snails in an aquarium with expensive or valuable plants is not worth it. First of all, they can destroy young plants with delicate leaves. And given the weight of the snail, sometimes they just break. In search of food often turn the ground, while digging up small plants.

Therefore, it is better to keep these interesting mollusks in several pieces, in large, tropical aquariums of a general type, with large plants. In common aquariums, it is advisable to feed them additionally with vegetable food that the fish do not eat. В этом качестве можно использовать листья салата, морковку, капусту, огурец (естественно не маринованный). Грубую пищу, с которой им тяжело справиться, нужно предварительно обварить кипятком. Изредка, что бы не испортить воду, можно давать немного белого хлеба. В этом случае они будут сыты и не будут стремится портить растения.

Учитывая, что эти улитки раздельнополы, а пол определить сложно, их количество в аквариуме должно быть не меньше трех, если предполагается получение потомства. There they will maintain cleanliness by destroying algae from glasses and plants and the remains of fish feed.

In general, these mollusks are very unpretentious. The composition of the water for them is not very significant, but it should not be too soft. In soft water in adults, the ampulyary collapses the shell. On the surface of the shell are formed indentations, resembling ulcers. True, the behavior of snails, I, it does not affect. The temperature can vary from 15 to 33 ° C, but the optimum, all the same above 20 ° C, so they are suitable for large tropical aquariums.

If you keep an ampoule at low temperatures, they become lethargic. Move slowly, do not multiply. Although at low temperatures can live up to 3-4 years. At high temperatures, the life of the ampoule is reduced to 1-2 years, due to the acceleration of metabolic processes. But to watch them, in this case, is much more interesting. They lead an active lifestyle, often breed.

Ampoule reproduction

All ampouleries are different-sex, only they themselves can distinguish their gender. If you want to breed these snails, it is better to buy 3-4 pieces, so that is already certain. If you unwittingly witnessed a female ampoule laying eggs, remember it, or mark it in any way. Just do not try to look under the snail "tail", there you will not see anything interesting. In general, a female ampoule lays eggs on the surface, just above the water level.
As a rule, females lay their eggs in the evening. Place under the clutch of future offspring is selected taking into account humidity and temperature. It is better not to move the eggs without good reason. An exception can be considered if the caviar was put off near the lighting lamps at night. If you miss this moment, the eggs near the lamp will be fried. In this case, while the roe is not hardened, it is better to remove it carefully and place on a floating object.

As a "surfboard" can be a foam plastic, a small plate or a plastic lid from a glass jar. It is funny to look at the female when she is going to put off caviar. The female ampulyaria crawls out of the water and begins to scour the surrounding space. Thus, the snail selects a place for future laying. It should be noted that the snail is quite strong because of its rather big size. If there is an ogre glass cover glass on your tank, then there is a chance that the snail will be able to lift it.

Over time, the snail caviar begins to ripen and change its color to darker, and before the birth of small snails it becomes generally dark. Caviar usually ripens within 2-4 weeks. Often, in the general aquarium the youth ampoule dies.

ampulyaria photo

Ampulyaria DESCRIPTION

Ampulyaria is a representative of a freshwater snail species. The most popular inhabitant of all aquariums.

It looks very unusual, it is not only aesthetically beautiful, decorative function, but also useful. They clean the aquarium wall from algae. But they begin to act as cleaners and cleaners, ampulyaria only when the usual food in the aquarium is not enough.

Appearance ampoule

The ampoule shell is curled, has a light ocher color with dark brown stripes, but the color can vary from light to dark tones.

The back of the leg has a special horn cover. The lid serves as a kind of door through which it is drawn into the cavity of the sink. The eyes of this golden-colored snail, there are also tentacles that act as organs of touch. The sense of smell is incredibly strong, and it helps to pinpoint the location of food. It also has a proboscis, which is able to stretch vertically upwards in order to inhale oxygen from the surface of the aquarium.

Ampoulea nutrition method

Ampulyaria is absolutely omnivorous, if it lives in its natural environment, it takes plants to eat, if it lives in an aquarium, it easily feeds on bloodworms and meat. Starting an ampoule in an artificial reservoir in which there are especially rare algae or other plants of value is a big mistake. She will surely eat everything and without residue. You can put a snail in an aquarium overgrown with algae, at the bottom of which there are remnants of food.

ampulyaria photo

From 1.01.2013 in the European Union, a ban on the import and distribution of ampullaria.

With extraordinary speed, it cleans the entire area provided, the water is much cleaner in containers with ampouleries. However, there are algae with which this snail lives in complete harmony, without eating them. These algae are called Elodea Canadian, their ampulyary categorically refuses to eat.

In the aquarium, the snail can be fed with lettuce leaves and semolina, after having doused it with boiling water. Instead of a jaw, she has a radala, in other words, a grater. This grater she literally scrapes food. Only part of this species can bite off a whole sheet.

Compatibility

Snails ampulyariya peaceful and calm inhabitants of the aquarium. Their behavior does not disturb the neighbors, but, alas, it is not mutual. Many aquarium fish can tweak snails and even tear off their antennae. Larger fish — the fahak, the green tetradon, and the large cichlids — will purposefully attack the snail, seeing food in it. Usually they eat the young, but large individuals, too, do not be good. Fish will nibble them all the time.

If shrimps and crayfish live in your tank, snails will have to be abandoned. With great delight, these aquarium dwellers gobble up ampulyaria, skillfully picking out a snail from the shell.

Drug tolerance

It is worth knowing that if necessary, treatment of the aquarium snails need to be transplanted, as they do not tolerate many drugs. No matter how many snails live in an aquarium, they should not be left in case of use:

  • formaldehydes and pesticides, which are used to exterminate parasites;
  • metaldehyde;
  • copper-containing drugs used to treat fungal infections;
  • malachite green (for the treatment of ichthyophthiriasis and fungal diseases).

By the way, if the snail has surfaced, it does not mean that she died. Do not be afraid of this behavior. Maybe she just breathes. It is possible to determine whether the ampoule is alive, just as in the case of any other snail - to smell. If the smell is unpleasant, the clam is dead and must be removed from the aquarium immediately.

ampulyaria photo

The benefits of ampulyaria

It has already been mentioned above that multi-colored and undoubtedly cute creatures are an excellent decoration of an aquarium. They will help create a unique interior in your underwater garden.

Like other snails, ampulyarias are wonderful aquarium attendants. They do an excellent job with the coating on the walls and the film on the surface of the water. It collects the food left after feeding, no matter how much it is left, not allowing it to rot and pollute the soil and water. Snails in an aquarium are already somewhat classic.

And ampulyaria, perhaps, have become one of the most worthy representatives. It is interesting to watch them, and a variety of colors is pleasing to the eye. Efforts to maintain ampoules are minimal, and you do not have to do much, and the results fully justify the expectations.

Ampularia VIDEO

SNAILS-CONTENT FEEDING DESCRIPTION BREEDING COMPATIBILITY

BARBUS-LEAVING REPLACEMENT DESCRIPTION COMPATIBILITY PHOTO VIDEO

DREAMS CARE CONTENTS BREEDING COMPATIBILITY OF THE DISEASE.

Question about aquarium snails!

Max frost

when the snail "pops up", it lacks oxygen, but this may be due to the fact that the evidence was frightened by something (the fish approached, etc.) and, hiding, it loosened the sucker and surfaced. This is very easy to check (alive / dead):
1) take it in your hand and put it on the table, if after 5 minutes it does not move, then it is dead (and do not touch it on the table with hands), if it crawls, it is alive!
2) Pour clean water (not artesian water) into a bottle (or mug), then, if alive, it will: 1) go to the bottom and crawl, or 2) it will remain on the water and stick out; but if she doesn’t get out and stays on the next, she’s dead !!! !

Marinella

... fin rot is treated with a very good medicine from TetraMedica GeneralTonic, a broad-acting preparation that promotes wound healing and protects the mucous membrane. Treatment in the general aquarium. 3-4 treatment hours / 5 days 5ml * 20l of water,

How to understand the aquarium snail died or not?

Morgana

This is not such a rare event. Sometimes ampullaryas take too much air into the lungs and gain positive buoyancy. Also, it is not uncommon for elderly ampullarians, when they sit for days or even weeks at the bottom and show no signs of life. If the snail has surfaced, it is not necessarily sick or dead. Naturally, if you smell an unpleasant smell from a floating snail or you see that its body has begun to decompose, the corpse must be immediately removed from the aquarium.

Catherine

Hmm ... inside moving a little ?? ? Something new! There is no photo? How deep is the lid on the shell? I have hundreds of these ampullarians, but they don’t do such water procedures ... it may hang on the water for a couple of days ... but this is very rare. Is everything ok with water?

What do the fish float to the surface

Condorita

They do not have enough oxygen.
Are there any plants in the aquarium? Be sure to plant. By the way, you started the fish early. First, it was necessary for the plants to take root.
Run there a couple of snails - they purify the water.
Well and, clearly, buy a device for oxygen enrichment of water.

Chingachguk Green Serpent

I had it. Plants you bloom, on that and the water is cloudy. And plants can devour oxygen, and not produce it, if the light is low or under other non-standard conditions.
Change the water and plant other plants. And thoroughly rinse the soil under running water.

Irina

I would advise not to change all the water, they change 1/3 of the total volume (so-called water change), before that the water should stand as a min day in a glass jar, usually I add 0.5 liters to the water to 3 liters. large cook, salt) -for prevention. Muddy water from excessive decomposing food — in an aquarium — a lot of ciliates — salted will help, if of course the fish are not sick at all, yes, and the aquarium should not stand under the direct rays of the sun.

Lelka

After filling the aquarium and planting, it is necessary to wait 5 days: believe, no air conditioner (even a tetrovsky aquaceyfe start) will make the water immediately suitable for settling the fish. Place the fish in cans with SHEARING water, replace the water in the aquarium at 1/3 and wait 5 days, plants and snails, in principle, you can, and even need to leave. In banks only connect spray guns, so that the air is driven. But the fish ... a bit too much, we have 75 liters, live lyalius, tarakatum, labo and cancer, + 3 ampoules and coils. Ancistrus and speckled catfish are waiting for their turn after quarantine for replanting. But the telescope and the tailpiece live separately. They are very large grow.

Elena Gabrielyan

You originally improperly equipped the aquarium.
First stage: an aquarium is installed, the ground is thoroughly washed, water is poured, all equipment is installed (filter, water heater - the filter should be 800 L / hour, ask the seller) and leave for 7-10 days without landing the fish. After 10 days, plants are planted, the temperature of the water in the aquarium is checked and adjusted if necessary.
Stage 2: planting plants. (depends on taste) and decoration of the aquarium. During this time, water can become white - this is normal. As soon as the plants adapt and go into growth, the water will clear itself. Air conditioner is added to the aquarium to speed up the preparation of water, but does not replace the biological processes associated with the start of the aquarium fincing. You need at the time of proper arrangement of the aquarium if you can, transfer the fish to an already prepared aquarium. and redo yours. The aquarium prepares for settling within a month. no rush. The fish float to the surface because the water is not ready, an abrupt change in the chemical composition can lead to the death of the fish in a very short time.
Scaryarium and telescopes are not compatible with each other. Goldfish are kept away from everyone. Live plants they also will not plant, digging in the ground will break, partially eaten. Fish dry food do not overfeed. The water can become muddied, and because you give it too much, you do not have time to eat and rhv, while decomposing at the bottom, sweats the water, hence the unpleasant smell in the aquarium.
You can try to buy water in a specialized store to buy air conditioning for water purification and add to the aquarium. BEFORE use, read the instructions or ask a qualified specialist how to use them correctly. I wish you success in this hobby

Victoria

Defend tap water recommended in tech. 3 days, but you can speed up the preparation process - heat the water to 50-60 degrees (do not boil!) And let stand for at least 5-6 hours - you can pour into the aquarium. Verified by many years of experience!

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