Snails

Snail coils in the aquarium benefit or harm

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send


Medic or pest: what you need to know about the cochlea

Snail coil - a frequent visitor to aquariums. Someone starts them intentionally, but more often these small aquarian mollusks appear randomly - small snails or their eggs can be brought along with the plants. The coil seems to be a very ambiguous inhabitant of the aquarium and has a number of both positive and negative qualities.

Horny

Description

The snail is a representative of freshwater mollusks. In nature, they live in overgrown reservoirs with a weak current. It is adapted for survival even in very dirty reservoirs with low oxygen content in the water. This ability is due to the presence of a kind of light, allowing it to breathe and atmospheric air.

The snail shell resembles a flat, tightly twisted spiral. Usually there are four to five turns, with a thickening of each subsequent round. On both sides, the seam between the coils is clearly visible. The mollusk can reach sizes up to 3.5 centimeters in diameter, but most often in the aquarium the coils grow only up to 1 centimeter. By the way, the larger the snail population, the smaller they will be.

Body color can vary from brown to bright red - it depends on the type of coil. The clam is moved by means of a foot with a wide flat base-sole. On a head thin long horns are visible.

The snail can move along the surface of the water, turning the sink down - this ability arises due to the air bubble that is in the sink. In case of danger, it immediately releases this bubble and falls to the bottom. Newborn small snails usually stick together, clinging to aquarium plants.

Horn Red

Kinds

  • Horn coil. In nature, it lives in stagnant ponds with dense thickets of plants. Shell color - brown, sizes - up to 3.5 centimeters. The body is painted in a reddish-brown color, in the tone of the shell. Horn coil prefers to eat the remnants of food and plants from the bottom of the aquarium.
  • Horn Red Coil. The size of this snail is smaller, up to 2 centimeters. It also differs from the usual red color of the shell from the usual horn coil. The benefit of a red horn coil is that it is an excellent aquarium cleaner. From the decorative point of view, this type is the most advantageous - their fiery color looks great against the background of greenery.
  • Coil Far East. Far Eastern coil came to us from the reservoirs of East Asia. Just like her relatives, she is unpretentious. Shell color - red-brown, the number of curls - from five to six. The diameter is small - only 1 centimeter. Far Eastern reel feeds on plants.
  • Kilevataya coil. This is the most frequent guest in aquariums. It gets into them with plants or soil. Color - grayish brown. The main feature of the keeled coil is that the diameter of the shell is much larger than the width: at 6-7 revolutions and 2 centimeters in diameter it has a width of only 4 millimeters. This snail collects food at the bottom, and also with pleasure to feast on algae, cleaning the aquarium walls.
  • Coil Wrapped. This type of coil is called a pest: it propagates extremely actively, filling the entire aquarium in the shortest possible time and harming both the appearance and the condition of the water and the soil. It reaches sizes up to 1 centimeter. The shell color is dirty yellow, the shell is not very strong.
Far East

Than useful

Despite the fact that snails most often appear in an aquarium by chance, some aquarists consciously leave them, believing that the benefits of them outweigh the harm.

Indisputable decorative function of these snails. Coils - pretty cute aquarium decorations. It is interesting to watch them, and their presence in the aquarium with fish creates a more natural look.

It happens that the coils, as well as other snails, are called the orderlies of the aquarium. This is partly true. Coil snails eat rotten algae leaves, without touching healthy ones. They collect the remnants of fallen food, thereby saving the aquarium from debris. Also, the coils are able to remove the film from the surface of the water and clean the aquarium wall.

Snails are becoming an indicator of water pollution, prompting that it is time to start cleaning or reduce the amount of feed for fish. If the population of coils has grown noticeably - this is the signal.

Some aquarists breed coils in their aquariums as fish food. Many fishes enjoy eating mollusks with pleasure, and the fecundity of this species makes it easy to maintain abundance.

Than harmful

Despite the fact that the benefits of snails are quite large, many people prefer to get rid of mollusks, barely finding the intruder.

Coils are very prolific. They are hermaphroditic, and only a pair of snails is enough to get a whole flock of mollusks. Rapid reproduction leads to an increase in the number of their waste products, which are harmful and pollute the aquarium.

If the snails do not have enough food, they will take over the aquarium plants. And not for rotten leaves, but for healthy ones. Voracious coils quickly destroy the plant.

Snail-coil can cause fish disease. Often this happens when the snail is brought into the aquarium conditions from the local water body. In this situation, the fish will have to be treated with special preparations that the snails most likely will not suffer.

In general, the overgrown flock of snails spoils the appearance of the aquarium, hanging in whole clusters on the walls and plants.

Kilevataya

How to contain

The optimal water temperature for snails is 22-28 degrees. But in general, they are quite patient with temperatures. Coils live for about two years, less often - to four. It is necessary to clean the dead snails as quickly as possible - they decompose extremely quickly, and this can spoil the water. The aquarium in which the coils live must be closed - they can easily crawl to the surface and fall out.

You can feed them with vegetables - lettuce, zucchini, cucumber - boiled in boiling water. But usually the coil snails are not specially fed - with sufficient feeding of the fish, the clams have enough food. They also eat the rotten leaves of plants.

Breeding

It has already been said above that snails are hermaphrodites, and their reproduction rate is very high. One or two snails can create the entire population. At the same time, it is quite simple to control the number of snails, especially if the fish that eat mollusks live in the aquarium.

Caviar coil looks like a dense transparent film with dots inside. Usually it is deposited on the lower surface of the leaf of a plant, aquarium walls or stones. This film is very dense, which does not allow other inhabitants to damage or eat caviar. After about 2-3 weeks, the coil roe pecks, and snail crumbs appear in the aquarium.

Wrapped up

How to get rid

If a snail accidentally caught in an aquarium does not cause delight, it can be bred. There are several ways: some can only reduce the number, others - completely get rid of them.

  1. Subscription in the aquarium fish antsitrusov. They are excellent cleaners of glass and the surface of plants, and only they can clean off the teeth and caviar of the coil. Thus, reproduction and population growth will stop. To speed up the process, fish that feed on mollusks are also colonized in the aquarium. Macropods, tetraodons - they will gladly take on snails. But not everyone can share these fish. If the fish in the aquarium are incompatible with these species, they can suffer and die.
  2. There is also a species of shrimp, a macrobrachium that loves to taste snails, so it is often used to get rid of clams. But shrimp can threaten sluggish fish, so you need to be careful with it. Strangely enough, you can fight with coils with the help of another mollusk, the predatory snail Helena, which hunts all the small mollusks in the aquarium.
  3. Remove snails manually. To do this, the bait is placed in an aquarium: a leaf of lettuce or cabbage, scalded with boiling water, or a blackened banana peel. The coils will not be able to resist such a treat and will soon stick it over completely. The snail bait is gently removed from the aquarium. This scheme must be done several times.
  4. Chemical exposure. There are a number of drugs that can be purchased at the pet store. This method requires great care - some substances that make up the product can harm not only molluscs, but also other inhabitants of the aquarium. Usually, when using chemistry, fish are removed, but the established biobalance will in any case be disturbed.
  5. The most radical way is the total flushing of the entire aquarium: plants, containers, decorative elements, ground boiling. This method is very laborious and long, but it allows you to get rid of snails completely.

Snails - not the most common resident of the aquarium world. As you can see, they can be equally useful and extremely harmful. But with careful attention and proper control of the coil will not be a problem for your aquarium.

Ampularia - Yellow Aquarium Snail


YELLOW SNAIL AMPLAY
IN YOUR AQUARIUM

This yellow snail ampoule is well known to any aquarist. Perhaps, only a beginner lover of the aquarium world, entering the pet shop wonders about this yellow, creeping inhabitant of the aquarium.

This article will help expand information about this yellow snail - "aquarium nurse". In it you will find answers to many of your questions. So,…

Briefly about the most interesting about ampoules:

- The concept of ampoule - includes a whole family of freshwater snails, dividing into clan and dwelling around the world.

- Sizes of ampoule from 5 to 15 cm.

- Yellow snails live 1-4 years (depending on water temperature and other conditions).

- Comfortable water temperature for ampoules 22-24C and above. By the way, this temperature of aquarium water is comfort and for many aquarium fish, so there are simply no difficulties in their joint maintenance. On the contrary, from such a symbiosis there are only pluses.

- Snails breathe atmospheric air through a siphon tube, but they also have gills.

- Snails ampullar different-sex.

- The snail has a cover of the mouth of the shell, which is necessary to protect against aggressors and to wait for adverse conditions.

- If there is a little calcium in the aquarium water, the yellow shell of the ampoule will collapse.

- When buying snails, it is better to take small ampoules. First of all, the bigger the snail is, the older it is, which means you will have less life, and secondly, small snails are much quicker than adults.

Description of the yellow snail - Ampularia:

Ampulyary to keep in a normal aquarium with fish. The snail is compatible with many species of fish, but it should be borne in mind that some fish strive to pinch their mustache, some fish eat molluscs. In view of what, I recommend keeping ampulyarii with peaceful and non-aggressive fish, and if in doubt, consult the sellers of the pet shop. Personal experience suggests that ampulyaria does not live for a long time with gouras and some cichlids (as the latter simply do not give the snails food to go). Sometimes, Yellow snails bite even seemingly innocuous Goldfish. What to do with it? You have two choices: either ampulyarii can be planted, or you can leave them to feed the fish. If you notice that snails are ampulyary "oppressed" and don't do anything - you know, there are 1 week left for live yellow mollusks ...

The aquarium can be the minimum size, as long as it is with a lid. Otherwise, one night, walking into the kitchen, you can hear the characteristic crunch under your feet !!!

You should also take care of the airspace under the hood. First, snails breathe atmospheric air. And secondly, ampulyarias usually spawn eggs in airspace (for this, the distance between the lid and water should be at least 10 cm.).

Unlike many fish, ampullar is not whimsical in content. And the water parameters do not matter. Containing the fish, you install them, in any case, the filter and, as a rule, if you are not lazy, regularly replace some of the water with fresh water - this is ample enough for an ampoule. What should be paid attention to is the calcium content in the aquarium water; if it is low, then the ampulian sink will collapse. In my aquarium, I scattered small seashells, which contributes to the saturation of water with calcium and increases its rigidity. It is also recommended to add marble chips, limestone chips, in addition to pet stores there are special preparations for increasing the hardness of the water.

Concerning nutrition, I personally don’t feed my ampullaries, since they are in fact omnivorous and are content with the remains of fish feed, plants, etc. By the way, ampulyarias are excellent orderlies of an aquarium, they do not disdain to “stick” to dead fish and other dead organics. They like rotten banana peel.

Regarding breeding. The stimulus for mating is an increase in temperature in the aquarium and good nutrition. As a rule, for this they start a "flock" of yellow snails, since it is virtually impossible to distinguish between the sex of a snail.

Well, then ... one fine morning on the wall of the aquarium or the lid you will find a laying of eggs, which the female postponed at night.

About three weeks later, the first baby snails appear from the roe, which, by eating the clutch, provide their way into the wild.

It is desirable to set off babies from the general aquarium, as some fish are not averse to try them for dinner. In order not to catch the newly emerged, some aquarists transfer the masonry to a separate aquarium in advance (moisten the masonry, gently shift and transfer).

Well, then, small ampouleries are completely independent. Particularly caring owners first feed them with pounded fish food.


Photo-review of beautiful photos with yellow snail ampoule

Interesting video about yellow snail ampoule


Coil aquarium snail content breeding compatibility description photo.

Snail reel (Planorbis)

Description

The snail is a representative of freshwater mollusks. In nature, they live in overgrown reservoirs with a weak current. It is adapted for survival even in very dirty reservoirs with low oxygen content in the water. This ability is due to the presence of a kind of light, allowing it to breathe and atmospheric air.

The snail shell resembles a flat, tightly twisted spiral. Usually there are four to five turns, with a thickening of each subsequent round. On both sides, the seam between the coils is clearly visible. The mollusk can reach sizes up to 3.5 centimeters in diameter, but most often in the aquarium the coils grow only up to 1 centimeter. By the way, the larger the snail population, the smaller they will be.

Body color can vary from brown to bright red - it depends on the type of coil. The clam is moved by means of a foot with a wide flat base-sole. On a head thin long horns are visible.

The snail can move along the surface of the water, turning the sink down - this ability arises due to the air bubble that is in the sink. In case of danger, it immediately releases this bubble and falls to the bottom. Newborn small snails usually stick together, clinging to aquarium plants.

Breeding

The coil is a hermaphrodite that can self-fertilize and further multiply. Therefore, if you want to get a population of these snails, then you will only need to have only a couple of individuals. The laying of the calf snail attaches to the inside of the leaf of the aquarium plant.

In general, the population of snails in aquariums is regulated without the intervention of an aquarist, as aquarium fish happily eat young snails. But if the fish are full, then they will not touch small mollusks. If you notice a rapid increase in the population of snails, then this suggests that you are overfeeding your fish. Therefore, you only need to cut the rations of fish and pens to get snails from the banks.

There are cases when aquarists purposefully breed snails, because they go to feed some pets or fish (batyami). In this case, it is not necessary to fill up the soil in the aquarium, as this will complicate the process of cleaning the aquarium. Place in the jar several species of floating plants (naiad, pistia, riccia, javanese moss). If they could not be found, put on Vallisneria, Canadian Elodea, or rogolistnik. You can feed the snails with dry food for fish and scalded cabbage, lettuce and spinach leaves.

Reel in aquarium

Planorbis snails enter the home water reservoir in different ways, but more often the appearance of the mollusk among aquarian inhabitants is a real surprise for the owner. Now he can only regulate the population of shellfish in the tank and ensure the comfort of their coexistence with its other inhabitants. Snails - unpretentious creatures that do not require special care:

  • being tolerant to a wide range of temperatures, snails are quite satisfied with the temperature regime of water that they create for tropical fish, that is, within 22-28 ° C;
  • нет необходимости в специальном кормлении моллюсков, поскольку они довольствуются остатками пищи прочих подводных жителей, зелёным налётом на стёклах водоёма, подгнившими фрагментами насаждений резервуара (молодь моллюсков, как правило, колонией держится именно на подгнившем листе растения).
Unlike other varieties of gastropods, the coil is able to move along the surface of a reservoir with a shell turned upside down.

The possibility of such a method of movement is due to the presence of air in it, let there by the snail itself. An additional support for the mollusk in this case is the film on the surface of the aquarium water, formed by waste products of bacteria or the intrinsic force of the surface tension of the water.

If any danger occurs, releasing air from the shell, the coil quickly sinks to the bottom so as not to be eaten by a predatory fish. This snail action is performed at the reflex level for self-preservation.

The fact is that the clam is a favorite dish for certain species of aquarium fish, which easily break through its saving shell. In some cases, the owners of domestic aquarium tanks with an excessive growth of the mollusk population are specially planted in the reservoir of these types of fighter fish so that they thin out the rows of snails, balancing their number.

Kinds

  • Horn coil. In nature, it lives in stagnant ponds with dense thickets of plants. Shell color - brown, sizes - up to 3.5 centimeters. The body is painted in a reddish-brown color, in the tone of the shell. Horn coil prefers to eat the remnants of food and plants from the bottom of the aquarium.
  • Horn Red Coil. The size of this snail is smaller, up to 2 centimeters. It also differs from the usual red color of the shell from the usual horn coil. The benefit of a red horn coil is that it is an excellent aquarium cleaner. From the decorative point of view, this type is the most advantageous - their fiery color looks great against the background of greenery.
  • Coil Far East. Far Eastern coil came to us from the reservoirs of East Asia. Just like her relatives, she is unpretentious. Shell color - red-brown, the number of curls - from five to six. The diameter is small - only 1 centimeter. Far Eastern reel feeds on plants.
  • Coil Kilevataya. This is the most frequent guest in aquariums. It gets into them with plants or soil. Color - grayish brown. The main feature of the keeled coil is that the diameter of the shell is much larger than the width: at 6-7 revolutions and 2 centimeters in diameter it has a width of only 4 millimeters. This snail collects food at the bottom, and also with pleasure to feast on algae, cleaning the aquarium walls.
  • Coil Wrapped. This type of coil is called a pest: it propagates extremely actively, filling the entire aquarium in the shortest possible time and harming both the appearance and the condition of the water and the soil. It reaches sizes up to 1 centimeter. The shell color is dirty yellow, the shell is not very strong.

Than useful

Despite the fact that snails most often appear in an aquarium by chance, some aquarists consciously leave them, believing that the benefits of them outweigh the harm.

Indisputable decorative function of these snails. Coils - pretty cute aquarium decorations. It is interesting to watch them, and their presence in the aquarium with fish creates a more natural look.

It happens that the coils, as well as other snails, are called the orderlies of the aquarium. This is partly true. Coil snails eat rotten algae leaves, without touching healthy ones. They collect the remnants of fallen food, thereby saving the aquarium from debris. Also, the coils are able to remove the film from the surface of the water and clean the aquarium wall.

Snails are becoming an indicator of water pollution, prompting that it is time to start cleaning or reduce the amount of feed for fish. If the population of coils has grown noticeably - this is the signal.

Some aquarists breed coils in their aquariums as fish food. Many fishes enjoy eating mollusks with pleasure, and the fecundity of this species makes it easy to maintain abundance.

Than harmful

Despite the fact that the benefits of snails are quite large, many people prefer to get rid of mollusks, barely finding the intruder.

Coils are very prolific. They are hermaphroditic, and only a pair of snails is enough to get a whole flock of mollusks. Rapid reproduction leads to an increase in the number of their waste products, which are harmful and pollute the aquarium.

If the snails do not have enough food, they will take over the aquarium plants. And not for rotten leaves, but for healthy ones. Voracious coils quickly destroy the plant.

Snail-coil can cause fish disease. Often this happens when the snail is brought into the aquarium conditions from the local water body. In this situation, the fish will have to be treated with special preparations that the snails most likely will not suffer.

In general, the overgrown flock of snails spoils the appearance of the aquarium, hanging in whole clusters on the walls and plants.

DOES THE COILS OF PARASITES MOVE?

It is known that coils can be carriers of parasites during life, which infect and even kill fish. But it is in nature, and in an aquarium the chance with snails to transfer parasites is much lower than with food. Even in frozen food, not to mention live food, various parasites and pathogens can survive.

So I wouldn't worry about that. If it is very important for you to get snails, but you are afraid to bring parasites, then you can bring in the aquarium caviar coils, which is not a carrier.

Truth and myths about coils

Very often, articles about coil snails contain a lot of conflicting information, including negative ones.

Coils unregulated breed. Indeed, the mollusk population can quickly grow, but only if they have no natural enemies in the aquarium or the fish are constantly fed. And this can be corrected.

Planorbis spoils the greenery of home ponds. In fact, it is not. The mollusk is often seen on a rotted plant, and in fact it is in this place because it eats this very decomposed part of the plant. A healthy leaf snail is unable to perforate, as it naturally has weak teeth.

Coil snails carry parasites that affect aquarium fish, and sometimes destroy them. Hypothetically this is possible, but it’s much more likely to bring in parasites with food (especially alive from the nearest reservoir). So you just need to take the safe coils in a specialty store.

In conclusion, I would like to note the following in defense of snails: to keep the coils in a home aquarium or not, everyone decides for himself, but the benefits of these mollusks nurses are obvious, and all the inconveniences associated with them can be minimized.

AMPULARIA CONTENT REPLACEMENT COMPATIBILITY PHOTO DESCRIPTION.

SNAILS-CONTENT FEEDING DESCRIPTION BREEDING COMPATIBILITY

How to start and care for snails in the aquarium

Practically every aquarist, populating fish in his aquarium, tries not only to create suitable conditions for their living, but also to make this small ecosystem beautiful. Very often, aquarium snails, adapted to life in an artificial pond, act as decorations. And it is justified. Today, in pet stores you can see a great variety of them: various shapes, colors and sizes. In addition, these mollusks are very useful for the aquarium, no wonder they are called nurses. And the care and maintenance of most species will not cause difficulty even for a beginner.

They are one of the varieties of gastropods with shell living in freshwater bodies. Consider the most popular types.

Typical views

  1. Ampullaries.

This type is quite often seen in aquarium lovers, this snail is very beautiful, reaches the size of 15 cm, quite unpretentious. Ampullary yellow color with wide dark stripes on the sink. Keep an ampullary when the aquarium is closed, as they can crawl out of it, and when they are out of the water they die. Another condition - in the aquarium should remain airspace. These aquarium snails breathe atmospheric air and oxygen dissolved in water. Ampullaria live up to 4 years while creating good conditions for existence. The temperature of the water should be 17-30 degrees, and its rigidity and acidity for it are not of fundamental importance. They feed on leftover fish food or algae. Get on with life-giving small fish and catfish. You should not settle with predatory fish, as predators will easily destroy them. In general, their content is not that difficult anymore.


Reproduction. The female lays eggs on the walls of the aquarium, and after about 3 weeks babies come out of them, who, under good conditions, are growing rapidly. Ampullary multiply all year round.

Benefit. Needed in large aquariums, because, eating the remnants of excess food, clean it.

  1. Fiza.

The small aquarium snails are yellow or brown in color with a pointed shell. They multiply very actively, in a short time they are able to completely inhabit the aquarium. Water temperature is required not lower than 20 degrees, rigidity 8-18, otherwise the shell will begin to collapse. Caring for them requires much better than for more unpretentious types.

Look at how fast the crawling fiz is on the stone.

Benefit. Snails of the genus Fiz are very useful for an aquarium: they absorb bacterial films, green deposits on the walls of the aquarium, as well as food residues.

  1. Coil.

It has a brown shell, rounded in a spiral. Its size is about 3 cm. This species reproduces incredibly quickly, can be without food for a long time, tenacious even in polluted water. Eat leftover food or aquatic plants. Like many species, belong to the category whose content does not cause trouble.

Reproduction. Are hermaphrodites - the presence of cells of both sexes in one cochlea. The life cycle of 3-4 years.


Benefit. Very useful for an aquarium, as they eat bacterial films that form on the surface of the water.

  1. Neritins.

Very beautiful aquarium snails, shell color can vary from black to olive. Often with dark or gold stripes, for example, like a tiger snail. This makes it a noticeable decoration in an aquarium.

Reproduction. To ripen the eggs, the water must be salty. In fresh water, although they lay their eggs, but the kids are not derived from it. The temperature of the water should not be below 24 degrees and medium hardness to keep the sink. Water needs to be changed regularly. Hard to bear the lack of food. Caring for them in the breeding process is not at all simple, but the result is worth the effort.

Benefit. They feed on algae algae and are able to destroy a fairly decent number of plants. These snails are very useful in overgrown aquariums, where it is necessary to reduce the number of plants.

Look at the neritin in the aquarium.

  1. Melania.

Widespread among aquarists. They have a cone-shaped sink of gray or green color, along the shell there are strips of a darker color. Their sizes are only 3-3.5 cm. They are practically not visible in the aquarium, since they mostly live on the bottom, buried in the ground, so their content is so simple, although there are many benefits from them.

Reproduction. Treat to viviparous individuals, have the big speed of reproduction. You should be attentive to them, in the absence of control they will become an incredible lot. Like many species, in the presence of food and the absence of predators are not able to stop the reproduction process.

Benefit. Remove food debris from the soil and drain it.

  1. Tilomelania.

These aquarium snails amaze with their beauty and singularity. The shell has a fancy shape, a lot of color options, and the body of the snail can have different shades and even have some kind of colored inclusions. Tilomeleanii quite capricious content. They do not tolerate finding other types of mollusks alongside. Comfortable water temperature - 20-32 degrees, with high acidity. This species has a very good appetite, they eat a lot, and in the absence of a sufficient amount of food, aquarium plants will begin to eat. Since the tilomelki sufficiently large size, then it needs more space for life. The aquarium should be spacious and with the presence of secluded places - representatives of this type are hiding from the bright light.

Reproduction. Tilomelaniya refers to the dioecious and viviparous. But it bears only one egg and only one snail is born.

General principles of care and maintenance

Aquarium snails, though unpretentious, but the minimum requirements to ensure they are worthy of care, should still be done:

  1. Purchase snails should be only in pet stores. In no case do not catch in reservoirs and do not cheat in the aquarium. So you can make an infection that will destroy all the inhabitants of the aquarium.
  2. The aquarium should be equipped with a lid, as many snails are able to crawl out of it, and during long periods of exposure to air, they die.
  3. It is necessary to maintain temperature conditions, hardness and acidity of water in accordance with the requirements for each type of snail. Many species with a decrease in water hardness are subject to shell destruction.
  4. Feed the snails regularly need enough food, otherwise they will start to eat the plants, and spoil their appearance.
  5. You should also carefully observe the reproduction. Some species multiply quickly enough, are able to overpopulate the aquarium, spoiling this aesthetic appearance.
  6. Check newly purchased plants for the presence of eggs or small individuals to prevent unwanted breeding of snails in their aquarium. When choosing such pets for your aquarium, pay attention not only to the appearance, but also to the requirements for the content, and also you need to weigh how much they will be useful for your aquarium, whether it will not cause unnecessary trouble.

Ampularia: the use and decoration of the aquarium

Snails in an aquarium are not just pretty decorations, but often also very useful sweepers to help get rid of the remnants of food and sludge. One of the most favorite aquarists is the aquarium snail ampulyaria. She comes from South America. Snails live in calm and warm by the sun warm reservoirs - rivers, ponds and bolts. Its other name is an apple snail.

Its habitat has adapted the snail to poor water quality, so it is completely unpretentious and its maintenance in aquarium conditions does not cause trouble: they are easy to feed, care for them and breed. However, before you start an ampoule, you should familiarize yourself with their features.

Description

Aquarium ampoule looks very attractive, perhaps that's why it has become very popular. When buying tiny two-centimeter ampoules, keep in mind that they are impressive in size, from 5 to 15 centimeters. Life expectancy depends on the conditions in which it lives. The figure can vary from year to four years.

Externally, aquarium ampulyaria is somewhat similar to a pond snail. In nature, their shell is painted in light brown colors. In the aquarium world, snails with yellow color are most often observed. In addition to these colors, there are also white, brown, almost black and even blue ampouleries.

The coloring of the snails does not affect the characteristics of their content and feeding. Moreover, the content of several ampoules of different colors in one aquarium looks very advantageous from a decorative point of view.

Interesting respiratory system ampulyary. The mollusk spends most of its life under water, like a fish - aquarium water gives it the necessary oxygen. But sometimes you can see how ampulyaria, rising to the surface, pulls out his breathing tube and breathes. The thing is that in addition to the gill slits, it has lungs, and it periodically needs atmospheric oxygen.

Reproduction ampoules does not require special conditions or stimulation. They multiply fairly quickly, but if the aquarium conditions deteriorate, the activity decreases.

Sensing danger, the ampoule closes the lid of the mouth of the shell. This device allows the cochlea not only to protect itself from predators. She also has to do this during periods of drought. Maintaining optimal conditions in the aquarium will prevent the cochlea from hibernating, and it will stay awake all year round.

Content

Snail ampouleries are very unpretentious creations. The amount of water is calculated according to the scheme of 10 liters per snail. If you plan to contain only ampoule, a small aquarium capacity of 40 liters is quite suitable for them. But still some snails are rarely contained, so if you decide to populate 3-4 ampulyary with your fish, select an aquarium with a capacity of at least 100 liters.

When pouring water into a container, be sure to leave an air gap of 10 centimeters. It needs ampulyaria for breathing. No matter how long the snail is under water, it will die without oxygen on the surface. The aquarium cover must be closed, otherwise the clam may get out of its house and die.

The aquarium water parameters are generally the same as when the fish are kept - filtration, aeration, regular water changes.

  • Temperature. From 18 to 30 degrees. But it should be borne in mind that these snails are of tropical origin and live in heat. The optimum temperature is about 24 degrees.
  • Calcium content. If the aquarium water is very soft, the snail shell will begin to collapse. Со временем появятся пробоины и ямки. Чтобы изменить уровень жесткости, в аквариум добавляют пару ракушек, дробленый мрамор или специальные препараты.

Своеобразные отношения у ампулярий с водорослями. Аквариумные растения с мягкими и тонкими листочками скорее всего станут жертвой прожорливых улиток. Often, even in case of sufficient feeding, the plants may suffer. That is why it is better to plant hard algae in the ampulyary aquarium, which will be too tough for the clam.

Feeding

Ampulyaria, like all aquarium snails, have an excellent appetite. They eat almost all types of food. They can be fed with vegetables (carrots, cabbage, lettuce, zucchini and cucumbers), after dabbing them with boiling water for softness. Do not disdain ampulyaria live food - pipemaker, bloodworm.

Many novice aquarists get scared by noticing how a clam eats a dead fish. But do not worry: the living inhabitants of the aquarium ampulyary not attack. But they will calmly eat the dead snails, fish, as well as their eggs.

Feed the ampoule is not worth much. They, of course, do not hurt much satiety, but how much rotting remnants of food will hurt the entire aquarium!

Compatibility

Snails ampulyariya peaceful and calm inhabitants of the aquarium. Their behavior does not disturb the neighbors, but, alas, it is not mutual. Many aquarium fish can tweak snails and even tear off their antennae. Larger fish — the fahak, the green tetradon, and the large cichlids — will purposefully attack the snail, seeing food in it. Usually they eat the young, but large individuals, too, do not be good. Fish will nibble them all the time.

If shrimps and crayfish live in your tank, snails will have to be abandoned. With great delight, these aquarium dwellers gobble up ampulyaria, skillfully picking out a snail from the shell.

Breeding

Most of the snails are hermaphroditic and easily reproduce in the presence of two individuals. But an aquarium ampoule is an exception. They are opposite-sex animals, but you will not succeed in determining gender. Males are no different from females. Accordingly, reproduction requires the presence of two individuals. Therefore, if you are planning to breed snails, it is better to purchase 3-4 individuals, just in case. To breed them, do not need any stimulants.

After mating, the female crawls to the surface and begins to look for the most comfortable place in order to lay eggs. Most often she does this in the evening. She lays eggs not in water, protecting offspring from predators. Touch or move the calf can not, if there is no really compelling reasons. It so happens that the ampoule laid eggs at night at the lighting. In this case, it should be done, until the caviar is hardened, move it. Otherwise, when you turn on the lamp, the eggs will burn.

When ripe, the eggs become darker, and after 2-4 weeks, snail crumbs appear. Leave them in the general aquarium can not be - most likely, they die or become food for fish. Ampouleas multiply fairly quickly, but their numbers are easily controlled manually.

On the very first day, tiny snails are already eating soft aquarium plants, collecting leftover food. Feed chopped fish food, and after a couple of weeks, you can add to the diet and parental food.

Drug tolerance

It is worth knowing that if necessary, treatment of the aquarium snails need to be transplanted, as they do not tolerate many drugs. No matter how many snails live in an aquarium, they should not be left in case of use:

  • formaldehydes and pesticides, which are used to exterminate parasites;
  • metaldehyde;
  • copper-containing drugs used to treat fungal infections;
  • malachite green (for the treatment of ichthyophthiriasis and fungal diseases).

By the way, if the snail has surfaced, it does not mean that she died. Do not be afraid of this behavior. Maybe she just breathes. It is possible to determine whether the ampoule is alive, just as in the case of any other snail - to smell. If the smell is unpleasant, the clam is dead and must be removed from the aquarium immediately.

The benefits of ampulyaria

It has already been mentioned above that multi-colored and undoubtedly cute creatures are an excellent decoration of an aquarium. They will help create a unique interior in your underwater garden.

Like other snails, ampulyarias are wonderful aquarium attendants. They do an excellent job with the coating on the walls and the film on the surface of the water. She collects the remaining feed after feeding, no matter how much it is left, not allowing it to rot and pollute the soil and water.

Snails in the aquarium - this is to some extent a classic. And ampulyaria, perhaps, have become one of the most worthy representatives. It is interesting to watch them, and a variety of colors is pleasing to the eye. Efforts to maintain ampoules are minimal, and you do not have to do much, and the results fully justify the expectations.

Snail Coils

One of the most common representatives of the gastropod mollusks is the snail reel. This species inhabits almost all freshwater bodies. Often, especially these snails and plant in the aquarium. In order for the coils to benefit in an artificial home pond, you need to know the peculiarities of their life, content and reproduction.

Features of the life of snail-coils

To identify a snail of this species is easy. The coil has a shell in the form of a spiral, its color can be different shades of brown and reddish. The mollusk moves through the broad leg, on its head are the tentacles with light-sensitive elements. The coil is a herbivorous individual, it eats almost everything that is in the aquarium. This may be a green coating on the glass and stones, the remnants of not eaten feed, rotting plants.

Several varieties of gastropods live in natural water bodies, some of them also live in an aquarium. It is believed that in natural conditions the cochlea snails carry parasites that can enter the body of fish and cause their death. If you get these inhabitants specifically, then this problem will be avoided. The coils live on average up to two years, they multiply very quickly and are ideal pets for those who started breeding fish and settling in an aquarium for the first time. Coils can be considered as a kind of control over the quality of water. If there is a massive rise of snails to the top in the aquarium, it means there is not enough oxygen in the water.

Peculiarities of snail coil

Coil snails are divorced very easily, and it will not be difficult to care for them. To make these inhabitants of the reservoirs feel great in the artificial environment, you will need:

  • Warm water in the range of 22-28 degrees.
  • Nutrition. In fact, this item does not have to perform. Coils perfectly enough for the life of all remnants of food, plants or dead fry in an aquarium. This allows us to consider snails as a kind of water orderlies.

Sometimes snails lack calcium in the water. This can be determined by slow growth, the absence of new young individuals, flaws on the shell itself. This problem is solved quite simply - on the ground it is necessary to put sash from large shells or to enter into the water aquarium calcium preparations.

When buying snails in pet stores there is a small risk of getting parasites to them in the appendage. It can be both worms dangerous for fish and leeches. In order to prevent the infestation of water by these parasites, you must first place the acquired mollusks in quarantine. To do this, it is enough to take a small jar of water and hold snails in them for at least two weeks. Infected individuals will be visible in appearance and behavior, they will be removed, and healthy individuals will be placed in an aquarium.

Multiplication coils

The snail coil is a hermaphrodite, that is, theoretically it does not matter whether the male or the female falls into the water. Reproduction will occur even if there is one clam in the aquarium. Coils lay eggs on glass, stones, leaves of plants. Eggs ripen within 10-30 days, usually depends on the water temperature. When breeding coil snails, two problems arise, they either over-reproduce, or, on the contrary, fail to achieve their growth.

  • If too many mollusks appear in the aquarium, you can reduce the diet of fish. With a shortage of food, most aquarium fish eat eggs and thus the snail population decreases. You can also put in a metal mesh banana skin, a piece of apple and leave overnight. This trap will attract dozens of clams, which can then be thrown out.
  • If the coil, on the contrary, does not differ in fertility, then several individuals need to be transplanted into a separate container. In the water will need to add food, the remnants of plant food. During quarantine, all sedentary inhabitants are removed, and healthy snails are resettled in an aquarium.

It is believed that about 5-7 snails are enough for about a 10 liter aquarium. With such a number, the water is well cleaned, if there are more shellfish, they will begin to eat the plants. Therefore, the number of snails needs to be controlled.

The benefits of snails Coils

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send