Snails

Snails for the aquarium which is best cleaned

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Cleaners and orderlies of the aquarium - wholesome fish, shrimps, snails relieving algae


Who benefits from the aquarium?

Every aquarist, sooner or later, but such a question arises.
First, we acquire unpretentious fish, simple in content. Gradually interested in more complex fish, more interesting and rare. Often, choose the fish for the beauty of color, shape, behavior.
But the moment comes when we are looking for useful fish, albeit not so bright and interesting in behavior, but which make it easier for us to take care of our aquarium world, who clean the aquarium, are its nurses and bring unconditional benefits!

I, too, came this moment. And I am interested not only in healthy fish, but also in healthy shrimps and clams. I have different kinds of algae living in aquariums different in parameters and population. That is, the fight against algae, without the use of aquarium chemistry, prompted me to these searches. I propose not to assess the degree of usefulness of certain inhabitants, but simply to create a list of aquatic organisms, bringing clear benefits in a freshwater aquarium.
I think this list can be replenished with your help.
So, let's begin. Immediately come to mind such useful fish as:
Siamese Algae Eaters (SAE) and their relatives


Ototsinklyus

Ancistrus
Much has been written about these fish, practically, each aquarist has representatives of these species. Their use has long been tested and proven!

Seaweed shrimp

These wonderful creatures have recently become increasingly popular with aquarists. Our members of the forum, also appreciated the contribution of shrimp to the fight for the purity of the aquarium. In confirmation of this, a number of articles on shrimp appeared on our website.
The best fighter with nitchatka - Amano's shrimp
Cleaners of our aquariums, which are all, without exception, shrimp, eating up food particles, microscopic organisms, rotten leaves of aquarium plants.
Shrimp Red Crystal

Shrimp Cherry

Black Tiger Shrimp

Algae Snails and orderlies


Snail helena. Predatory snail-eating snail.
Thunderstorm of all snails !!!

Next, I would like to elaborate on some snails.

Snail Neritina "Zebra" "Neritina natalensis sp" Zebra "
Some aquarists call it a tiger snail. They say that you can not find two snails with the same ornamentation of the shell. The homeland of these snails is hot Africa.
Content temperature - 25-27 degrees Celsius, PH of 7.
The cover of the aquarium should be tightly closed, because there are shoots of snails from the aquarium. For a short time this snail can live on land. Frequent attempts to leave the territory of the aquarium may indicate that the parameters of the water do not like the zebras. Zebras live in the aquarium for about 4-5 years, the size of the shell grows to 2-2.5 cm. In the aquarium, this snail does not reproduce.
Snail Neretina "Hedgehog" "Neritina juttingae"
The shell of this snail is decorated with spiral ribs and spikes. The size of the snail is 2-2.5 cm. Life expectancy in an aquarium is about 4 years. The optimum water temperature is 25-28 degrees, the pH is above 6.5.
Snail Neretina "Black Ear"
Conditions of detention, dimensions are similar to the previous instance, the lower threshold of temperature may be 22 degrees.
All neretina excellent cleaners aquariums, tirelessly clean stele, large-leaved plants, stones, snags and decor from algal fouling. Moreover, the aquarium plants do not damage at all. The only disadvantage of these snails - laying eggs on the glass aquarium.
Separately, I want to stay on a tiny snail -
Horned snail Neritina Clithon

These snails have a fairly wide range of habitats Japan, Thailand, the Philippines, China, Indonesia.
The photo shows that there are many options for coloring horned snails. A common feature - the presence of small horns on the shell of snails.
Life expectancy in an aquarium is up to 5 years. The snail is only 1-1.5 cm in size. But its capabilities deserve the love of aquarists: snails can crawl even into the most hard-to-reach places, clearing them to shine.
According to reviews of aquarists: the horned snail perfectly cleans diamond algae from Anubias leaves, glass, stones, decorations.
Water temperature should not be below 24 ° C, PH 7-8. Recommended for 100 liters of 10-15 stuff.
Like all neretina, horned snail does not breed in fresh water.
This video, in accelerated playback, shows how successfully a tiny horned snail copes with algae.
Porcelain Septaria (Septaria porcellana)


This extremely slow snail is also called the snail-turtle. It belongs to the family Neritidae.
Related Names Septaria porcellana - Green Turtle Snail, Cellana toreuma, Neritia Crepidularia, Bourbon Nerite.
Dimensions septaria forforova from 1.5 to 3 cm. Conditions: temperature 22-26, PH from 6 to 7.5. Filtration, aeration, water changes are required. The life of the aquarium in the presence of food (algal fouling) is about 2 years.
This remarkable snail was first discovered in 1758. The homeland of the snail is Indonesia and the Philippines.
In addition to its slowness, this snail is distinguished by its unusual form of carapace - a flat form. Snails are of different genders, but breed only in brackish water, therefore reproduction of porcelain Septaria in a fresh-water aquarium is not possible.
The snail firmly sticks its foot to the surfaces. In no case can not try to tear it off, thus you can snatch the snail's leg, which will lead to its death. Rotational movements, very carefully, you can try to peel the snail from the glass.
Like the previous types of neretin, Septarium porcelain, is also an aquarium nurse, and feeds on algal fouling. Excellent cleans the aquarium from algae, including from the Vietnamese. Does not damage plants. Gets along with all the peaceful fish and shrimps. Be careful with tetradonts, crayfish and other predators. I saw these snails in a cichlid. Feel great, and the glass already glistened with cleanliness.
Attention:
- without algae the snail can die from hunger!
- the snail is not able to move on sandy soil!
Here are the rave reviews of the happy owners of these snails:
"This crumb in an hour has already collected two bunches of Vietnamese, and is clearly not going to stop," "Not able to move on the sand. Excellent creeps on the ground 1-2mm! Trying to climb on some plants with low and wide leaves. With glasses easily over on the side of the snags. Still - along the glass they are buried in the sand, where algae sit between the sand and the glass, and happily eats them out of it. waiting for aqua overgrown to impossibly excellent f ulitosa ".
Septaria also hangs its eggs on the scenery

And these mollusks very interested me !!
And it all started, here with this photo:
In two aquariums, water is poured from the same reservoir, but freshwater mussels, which are live filters, were placed in the second aquarium!
The same function they perform in aquariums.
Corbicula javan snail (Corbicula javanicus)
or sharovka yellow javanese or gold bivalve

The homeland of these mollusks: China, Indonesia, Vietnam and other Asian countries.
The optimal parameters for the content: temperature 15-30 ° C, PH 6.4-8.5, gH 10-24.
Not demanding on the quality of water in the aquarium, but there must be a good saturation of water with oxygen, which means aeration in the aquarium is obligatory. Water changes and filtration in the aquarium are also needed. Corbicula grow up to 3 cm in size. Life expectancy: 4 - 7 years
The recommended soil is sand of a fraction of 1–3 mm, and the corticles are almost completely buried in it. The soil layer should be at least 2-3 cm.
Corbicula are excellent helpers in the aquarium against cloudiness of the water, as they are filter feeders.
Passing water through them, they feed on the microorganisms contained in it.
According to different sources: Someone recommends keeping one tank per 100 liter aquarium. There is information about the content in 20 liters of two or even three individuals.
Such mollusks are recommended to be contained in spawners, where the need for clean water is especially important. Corbicula lets through 5 liters of aquarium water per hour!
In aquariums where these mollusks live, the water is always crystal clear, it does not bloom and does not have suspension and turbidity!
An interesting fact is that in aquariums where corbicules are kept, ichthyophorosis diseases do not occur, in the opinion of aquarists, corbicules retain ichthyophthirius cysts that swim in free flight.
You can keep a corbicul with all peaceful fish and shrimps.
Corbicula are hermaphroditic, reproduction problems in the aquarium there. Viviparous corbicula reproduce tiny snails, barely visible in the unaided eye. In an aquarium, newborn corbicules look like a muddy cloud, then sink to the bottom, where they continue to grow and develop.
If plants grow in your tank with a weak root system, then corbicules, plowing up the ground, can easily dig them up.
FanFishka.ru thanks

The author of the article is Esta (Natalia Polskaya),
for the provided material and cooperation!


❶ Why do we need aquarium snails :: types of aquarium snails melania :: Other pets

Tip 1: Why we need aquarium snails

Snails are present in almost any aquarium. And not always the owner acquires these mollusks consciously. Most of them appear completely unexpected, getting into the aquarium with plants, soil or water. What are aquarium snails for?

The question "Plots turtles." - 3 replies

Instruction

1. Any aquarium needs constant cleaning of walls, stones and various shelters from plaque appearing on its walls. It is also necessary to clean the soil from the remnants of food, fish excrement, and rotten parts of aquarium plants. This task is very successfully cope aquarium snails.
In addition, snails are a kind of indicator of contamination of the aquarium. For example, too many of these acroluxes indicate a good feed base. Therefore, it is likely that you regularly overfeed fish, and uneaten food will sink to the bottom.

2. Small aquarium snails, as well as their caviar serves as a treat for fish. Shellfish, like plants, help to maintain stability in a closed biological aquarium system.
Some types of mollusks - for example, melania, which are one of the most popular types of aquarium snails - constantly loosen and drain the ground. This prevents the development of anaerobic zones and, as a result, prevents the formation of hydrogen sulfide. Melanias do not have lungs - they breathe through the gills. If the water of your aquarium, and therefore in its soil, begins to feel a lack of oxygen, the snails feel it first, even before the amount of harmful substances that is dangerous for fish.
If you notice that your melania left the ground and crawl along the walls of the aquarium - it's time to take drastic measures. It is necessary to change the water and enhance its filtration and aeration, to siphon the soil.

3. The presence of different types of snails will give a special flavor to your aquarium. Thinking through his design do not forget about these mollusks.
However, it should be remembered that aquarium snails have the ability to multiply very quickly. With a lack of food, mollusks can begin to eat young plants. Also, overcrowding can cause the problem of lack of oxygen in the water. Therefore, the number of snails must be kept under control.

Tip 2: What are snails in the aquarium

Decorative snails are quite common inhabitants of the aquarium. They decorate it well and help to relax after a hard day: their elegant slowness captivates many. In addition to aesthetics and beauty, these mollusks also have a practical function.

Snails can bring both harm and benefit to the aquarium ecosystem. It all depends on their variety and quantity. Such species of mollusks as ampulyaria, horn coil, acrolux, melania are very popular with aquarists. If you properly care for the aquarium and control the number of snails, they will bring a lot of benefit. Shellfish are excellent aquarium nurses. They not only eat up food that fish did not eat, but also their excrement. Thus, these aquatic inhabitants contribute to the purification of water. The remains of feed are a favorable environment for the growth of pathogenic bacteria, which can make turbid of clear water in a matter of hours. In addition, mollusks eat dead plant parts and clean their bacterial deposits from the walls with their rough tongue. This affects the installation of a favorable microclimate and biological equilibrium in aquarium. Certain types of mollusks, such as ampulyarias, serve as a kind of indicator of the status of aquarium water. By their behavior, one can determine if there is enough oxygen in the water. With its shortage, as well as with a sharp change in the pH of the water, the ampoule rises through the glass to the surface of the water and pulls out its siphon tube, the organ that allows it to breathe air. Similarly, the snail "signals" to an inexperienced aquarist that it is time to make a water change or get a good aerator. One of the disadvantages of ornamental snails is their active reproduction. A large number of mollusks in aquarium can lead to overcrowding and, as a result, a lack of oxygen to other inhabitants. In addition, a large population of snails can greatly eat the plants. The best ratio can be considered: one snail per 10 liters of water. Therefore, in a timely manner, scrape their eggs from the glasses, which they lay off with an enviable constancy, to prevent overcrowding of the aquarium. Will they live in your aquarium snailsOr not - it's up to you. But remember that you can not put mollusks in it from the reservoirs, because with them can get an infection. In addition, some pond snails produce mucus in the water that pollutes it. Purchase mollusks for your aquarium only in pet stores.

Related videos

Helpful advice

It is recommended to cover the aquarium in which mollusks live. Some species of snails can climb beyond its limits.

Ampularia - Yellow Aquarium Snail


YELLOW SNAIL AMPLAY
IN YOUR AQUARIUM

This yellow snail ampoule is well known to any aquarist. Perhaps, only a beginner lover of the aquarium world, entering the pet shop wonders about this yellow, creeping inhabitant of the aquarium.

This article will help expand information about this yellow snail - "aquarium nurse". In it you will find answers to many of your questions. So,…

Briefly about the most interesting about ampoules:

- The concept of ampoule - includes a whole family of freshwater snails, dividing into clan and dwelling around the world.

- Sizes of ampoule from 5 to 15 cm.

- Yellow snails live 1-4 years (depending on water temperature and other conditions).

- Comfortable water temperature for ampoules 22-24C and above. By the way, this temperature of aquarium water is comfort and for many aquarium fish, so there are simply no difficulties in their joint maintenance. On the contrary, from such a symbiosis there are only pluses.

- Snails breathe atmospheric air through a siphon tube, but they also have gills.

- Snails ampullar different-sex.

- The snail has a cover of the mouth of the shell, which is necessary to protect against aggressors and to wait for adverse conditions.

- If there is a little calcium in the aquarium water, the yellow shell of the ampoule will collapse.

- When buying snails, it is better to take small ampoules. First of all, the bigger the snail is, the older it is, which means you will have less life, and secondly, small snails are much quicker than adults.

Description of the yellow snail - Ampularia:

Ampulyary to keep in a normal aquarium with fish. The snail is compatible with many species of fish, but it should be borne in mind that some fish strive to pinch their mustache, some fish eat molluscs. In view of what, I recommend keeping ampulyarii with peaceful and non-aggressive fish, and if in doubt, consult the sellers of the pet shop. Personal experience suggests that ampulyaria does not live for a long time with gouras and some cichlids (as the latter simply do not give the snails food to go). Sometimes, Yellow snails bite even seemingly innocuous Goldfish. What to do with it? You have two choices: either ampulyarii can be planted, or you can leave them to feed the fish. If you notice that snails are ampulyary "oppressed" and don't do anything - you know, there are 1 week left for live yellow mollusks ...

The aquarium can be the minimum size, as long as it is with a lid. Otherwise, one night, walking into the kitchen, you can hear the characteristic crunch under your feet !!!

You should also take care of the airspace under the hood. First, snails breathe atmospheric air. And secondly, ampulyarias, as a rule, lay their eggs in the airspace (for this, the distance between the lid and the water should be at least 10 cm.).

Unlike many fish, ampullar is not whimsical in content. And the water parameters do not matter. Содержа рыбок, Вы устанавливаете им, в любом случае фильтр и как правило, если не ленитесь, регулярно осуществляете подмену части воды на свежую - этого для ампулярии вполне достаточно.What should be paid attention to is the calcium content in the aquarium water; if it is low, then the ampulian sink will collapse. In my aquarium, I scattered small seashells, which contributes to the saturation of water with calcium and increases its rigidity. It is also recommended to add marble chips, limestone chips, in addition to pet stores there are special preparations for increasing the hardness of the water.

Concerning nutrition, I personally don’t feed my ampullaries, since they are in fact omnivorous and are content with the remains of fish feed, plants, etc. By the way, ampulyarias are excellent orderlies of an aquarium, they do not disdain to “stick” to dead fish and other dead organics. They like rotten banana peel.

Regarding breeding. The stimulus for mating is an increase in temperature in the aquarium and good nutrition. As a rule, for this they start a "flock" of yellow snails, since it is virtually impossible to distinguish between the sex of a snail.

Well, then ... one fine morning on the wall of the aquarium or the lid you will find a laying of eggs, which the female postponed at night.

About three weeks later, the first baby snails appear from the roe, which, by eating the clutch, provide their way into the wild.

It is desirable to set off babies from the general aquarium, as some fish are not averse to try them for dinner. In order not to catch the newly emerged, some aquarists transfer the masonry to a separate aquarium in advance (moisten the masonry, gently shift and transfer).

Well, then, small ampouleries are completely independent. Particularly caring owners first feed them with pounded fish food.


Photo-review of beautiful photos with yellow snail ampoule

Interesting video about yellow snail ampoule


Melania snails which are easier to get than lime

Melania sandy Melanoides tuberculata, this is a very common bottom aquarium snail, which the aquarists themselves both love and hate at the same time. On the one hand, melania eat waste, algae, and the soil mixes well, preventing it from souring. On the other hand, they multiply in incredible quantities, and can be a real plague for the aquarium.

Initially they lived in Southeast Asia and Africa, but now live in an incredible number of different aquatic environments, in different countries and on different continents. This happened because of the carelessness of aquarists or through natural migration. It’s a fact that most melannians get into a new aquarium with plants or decorations, and often the owner doesn’t even know that he has got guests.

Content in an aquarium

Melania snails can live in any aquarium size, and in nature in any water body, but they do not survive if the climate is too cold. They are incredibly hardy, and can survive in aquariums with fish that feed on snails, such as tetradons. They have a hard shell enough for the tetroadone to gnaw, and they spend a lot of time in the ground where it is impossible to reach them. The most common is the snail melania granifer, but in fact between them all the difference is small.

Most of the time, melania spend buried in the ground than help aquarists, as they constantly mix the soil, not letting it sour. On the surface crawl en masse at night.
Melania is not without reason called sand, in the sand it is easier to live. But this does not mean that they can not live in other soils. I have a wonderful feeling in small gravel, and my friend even in an aquarium has practically no soil and large cichlids.

Things like filtering, acidity and hardness don't really matter much, grinding will adapt to everything. At the same time you will not even need to put any effort. The only thing they do not like is cold water, as they live in the tropics. Also, melania create a very small bio load on the aquarium, and even after breeding in large quantities, they will not affect the balance in the aquarium. The only thing that suffers from them - the appearance of the aquarium.
The appearance of melania may differ slightly, for example, in color or a long shell. But, if you meet her once, you will never be confused.

Overcrowding, nervous, not to watch:

Feeding

To feed melania in an aquarium, you do not need to create any conditions at all; they will eat up all that remains of other inhabitants. They also eat some soft algae, thereby helping to keep the aquarium clean. The advantage of melania is that they mix the soil, thereby preventing it from souring and rotting.

If you want to supplement melanin additionally, then you can give any tablets for catfish, sliced ​​and lightly cooked vegetables - cucumber, zucchini, cabbage. By the way, in this way, you can get rid of excessive amount of melania, give them vegetables, and then get snails crawling for food. Caught snails need to be destroyed, but do not rush to throw them into the sewer, there were cases when they crawled back. The simplest thing is to pack them in a bag and put them in the freezer.

Digs in:

Breeding

Melania viviparous, the snail bears an egg, from which there are already well-formed small melania, which immediately burrow into the ground. The number of newborn snails can vary depending on the size of the snail itself and range from 10 to 60 pieces.

For the breeding of melania, nothing is particularly required, and a small amount can quickly fill even a large aquarium. How to get rid of excess melaniy you can find out here.

Why do we need snails in an aquarium :: why do we need snails in an aquarium :: Aquarium fish

What are snails in the aquarium

Decorative snails are quite common inhabitants of the aquarium. They decorate it well and help to relax after a hard day: their elegant slowness captivates many. In addition to aesthetics and beauty, these mollusks also have a practical function.

The question "opened a pet shop. Business is not going. What to do?" - 2 answers

Snails can bring both harm and benefit to the aquarium ecosystem. It all depends on their variety and quantity. Such mollusks such as ampoule, horn coil, acrolux, melania are very popular with aquarists. If you properly care for the aquarium and control the number of snails, they will bring a lot of benefit. Shellfish are excellent aquarium nurses. They not only eat up food that fish did not eat, but also their excrement. Thus, these aquatic inhabitants contribute to the purification of water. The remains of feed are a favorable environment for the growth of pathogenic bacteria, which can make turbid of clear water in a matter of hours. In addition, mollusks eat dead plant parts and clean their bacterial deposits from the walls with their rough tongue. This affects the installation of a favorable microclimate and biological equilibrium in aquarium. Certain types of mollusks, such as ampulyarias, serve as a kind of indicator of the status of aquarium water. By their behavior, one can determine if there is enough oxygen in the water. With its shortage, as well as with a sharp change in the pH of the water, the ampoule rises through the glass to the surface of the water and pulls out its siphon tube, the organ that allows it to breathe air. Similarly, the snail "signals" to an inexperienced aquarist that it is time to make a water change or get a good aerator. One of the disadvantages of ornamental snails is their active reproduction. A large number of mollusks in aquarium can lead to overcrowding and, as a result, a lack of oxygen to other inhabitants. In addition, a large population of snails can greatly eat the plants. The best ratio can be considered: one snail per 10 liters of water. Therefore, in a timely manner, scrape their eggs from the glasses, which they lay off with an enviable constancy, to prevent overcrowding of the aquarium. aquarium snailsOr not - it's up to you. But remember that you can not put mollusks in it from the reservoirs, because with them can get an infection. In addition, some pond snails produce mucus in the water that pollutes it. Purchase mollusks for your aquarium only in pet stores.

Aquarium. Snail ampulyaria.On content and reproduction.

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