Ampularia - Yellow Aquarium Snail
YELLOW SNAIL AMPLAY
IN YOUR AQUARIUM
This yellow snail ampoule is well known to any aquarist. Perhaps, only a beginner lover of the aquarium world, entering the pet shop wonders about this yellow, creeping inhabitant of the aquarium.
This article will help expand information about this yellow snail - "aquarium nurse". In it you will find answers to many of your questions. So,…
Briefly about the most interesting about ampoules:
- The concept of ampoule - includes a whole family of freshwater snails, dividing into clan and dwelling around the world.
- Sizes of ampoule from 5 to 15 cm.
- Yellow snails live 1-4 years (depending on water temperature and other conditions).
- Comfortable water temperature for ampoules 22-24C and above. By the way, this temperature of aquarium water is comfort and for many aquarium fish, so there are simply no difficulties in their joint maintenance. On the contrary, from such a symbiosis there are only pluses.
- Snails breathe atmospheric air through a siphon tube, but they also have gills.
- Snails ampullar different-sex.
- The snail has a cover of the mouth of the shell, which is necessary to protect against aggressors and to wait for adverse conditions.
- If there is a little calcium in the aquarium water, the yellow shell of the ampoule will collapse.
- When buying snails, it is better to take small ampoules. First of all, the bigger the snail is, the older it is, which means you will have less life, and secondly, small snails are much quicker than adults.
Description of the yellow snail - Ampularia:
Ampulyary to keep in a normal aquarium with fish. The snail is compatible with many species of fish, but it should be borne in mind that some fish strive to pinch their mustache, some fish eat molluscs. In view of what, I recommend keeping ampulyarii with peaceful and non-aggressive fish, and if in doubt, consult the sellers of the pet shop. Personal experience suggests that ampulyaria does not live for a long time with gouras and some cichlids (as the latter simply do not give the snails food to go). Sometimes, Yellow snails bite even seemingly innocuous Goldfish. What to do with it? You have two choices: either ampulyarii can be planted, or you can leave them to feed the fish. If you notice that snails are ampulyary "oppressed" and don't do anything - you know, there are 1 week left for live yellow mollusks ...
The aquarium can be the minimum size, as long as it is with a lid. Otherwise, one night, walking into the kitchen, you can hear the characteristic crunch under your feet !!!
You should also take care of the airspace under the hood. First, snails breathe atmospheric air. And secondly, ampulyarias, as a rule, lay their eggs in the airspace (for this, the distance between the lid and the water should be at least 10 cm.).
Unlike many fish, ampullar is not whimsical in content. And the water parameters do not matter. Containing the fish, you install them, in any case, the filter and, as a rule, if you are not lazy, regularly replace some of the water with fresh water - this is ample enough for an ampoule. What should be paid attention to is the calcium content in the aquarium water; if it is low, then the ampulian sink will collapse. In my aquarium, I scattered small seashells, which contributes to the saturation of water with calcium and increases its rigidity. It is also recommended to add marble chips, limestone chips, in addition to pet stores there are special preparations for increasing the hardness of the water.
Concerning nutrition, I personally don’t feed my ampullaries, since they are in fact omnivorous and are content with the remains of fish feed, plants, etc. By the way, ampulyarias are excellent orderlies of an aquarium, they do not disdain to “stick” to dead fish and other dead organics. They like rotten banana peel.
Regarding breeding. The stimulus for mating is an increase in temperature in the aquarium and good nutrition. As a rule, for this they start a "flock" of yellow snails, since it is virtually impossible to distinguish between the sex of a snail.
Well, then ... one fine morning on the wall of the aquarium or the lid you will find a laying of eggs, which the female postponed at night.
About three weeks later, the first baby snails appear from the roe, which, by eating the clutch, provide their way into the wild.
It is desirable to set off babies from the general aquarium, as some fish are not averse to try them for dinner. In order not to catch the newly emerged, some aquarists transfer the masonry to a separate aquarium in advance (moisten the masonry, gently shift and transfer).
Well, then, small ampouleries are completely independent. Particularly caring owners first feed them with pounded fish food.
Photo-review of beautiful photos with yellow snail ampoule
Interesting video about yellow snail ampoule
Everything you wanted to know about snails ampoules
Ampulyaria (Latin Pomacea bridgesii) is a large, bright and popular aquarium snail. Keep it easy, but there are important details in feeding. It comes from the Amazon, where it lives throughout its length, over time it spread to Hawaii, Southeast Asia and even Florida.
In nature, ampouleries spend most of their life in the water, getting out only by chance and during reproduction, put off the eggs. And yet, although they spend most of their life under water, they need atmospheric oxygen for breathing, after which they rise to the surface.
You can often observe how in an aquarium the ampoule rises to the surface, pulls out the breathing tube and starts pumping oxygen into it. Her respiratory system is comparable to the lungs in fish; she has gills (on the right side of her body) and lungs on the left side.
Aquarium snails ampularia very well adapted to life in the tropics, where dry periods alternate rainy season. This was reflected in their body, they developed a muscular leg with a protective flap attached to it. With this sash, they close their sink to survive in the remnants of water and dirt during the dry season.
They live in all types of reservoirs, in ponds, lakes, rivers, canals. Despite the fact that many snails are hermaphroditic, ampulyarii are opposite-sex and for reproduction they need a partner.
Although the most common color is yellow, they nevertheless exist in very different colors. In addition to the yellow ampoule, you can find white, brown and even almost black. Now blue ampoules have become fashionable, but they are not particularly different from yellow ones in keeping and breeding.
When you buy it, it is important to remember that it grows much more than other snails. They are sold fairly small, up to 2.5 cm in diameter, but can grow up to a size of 8-10 cm. There are also larger ones, which are very well fed, and they grow so large that they can compete in size with other giants - marises.
The aquarium contains several different types of ampoule, which differ from each other in shell shape. Life expectancy of an ampoule in an aquarium is 2 years.
The contents of the ampoule in the aquarium
If kept alone, a very small aquarium, about 40 liters, is enough for them. Since snails eat aquarium ampoules, they are very much, as well as a lot of waste after them, it will be right to allocate at least 10-12 liters of volume to one. Considering that they multiply rather cheerfully, it is not worth keeping them much.
But, since amphulyaries themselves are rarely contained in an aquarium, it is better to rely on a larger volume of the aquarium. So, for 3-4 snails + fish, you need about 100 liters. Of course, much depends on your conditions and details. But usually, 10 liters per ampoule will not let you down.
Yellow ampouleries are completely peaceful, never touching fish or invertebrates. There is a misconception that they attack fishes. But, this is due to the fact that snails are scavengers and eat up the dead fish, and it seems that they killed the fish. No snail is able to catch up, catch and kill healthy and active fish.
But fish ampulyarius is even alarming. They can tear off their mustaches, such as Sumatran barbs, or even completely destroy them, like a dwarf tetradon, a fahak, a green tetradon, a clown combat or large cichlids. Some will not be able to eat large snails, but small ones will be brought under the net. And large ones will be nibbled at any opportunity, which will not add to their health either. Also invertebrates can become a problem - shrimps and crayfish, they skillfully pick out snails from shells and eat.
Vision and respiratory organs
How to feed aquarium ampoules? It's very simple, they eat almost any kind of food. In addition to the fact that they eat all kinds of food that you give them, they also eat everything that they can find in the aquarium. The advantages include the fact that they eat up the feed after other inhabitants, preventing them from rotting and spoiling the water.
It is easiest to feed ampoule pills for catfish and vegetables. Especially they love cucumber, zucchini, salad, even pumpkin. Two conditions must be observed - boil the vegetables for a couple of minutes and do not keep them in the aquarium for more than a day, as the water becomes very cloudy.
With pleasure they eat and live food, I ate them with bloodworms, pipemakers. But here they need to be able to reach it, that is, a clean bottom, and in the general aquarium, as a rule, the food has time to fall into the ground.
But remember that ampulyarii easily damage the young leaves of plants and delicate species, eating them to the trunk. To avoid this, you need to abundantly feed them with vegetables and feeds containing spirulina.
How do ampulyarias multiply? Unlike many aquarium snails, they are not hermaphroditic and you need a male and a female for successful breeding. The easiest way to get such a pair is to buy 6 snails at once, which practically guarantees individuals of different sexes. When they become sexually mature, they will begin to divorce themselves, in order to be stimulated they do not need to perform any actions. How to understand that this happened? During mating, the male and the female merge with each other, and the male is always on top.
After mating is completed, the female crawls out of the water and lays a large number of eggs above the water surface. Caviar is a pale pink color and should be located above the surface of the water, without plunging into it, otherwise it will simply disappear. The surface of the calf is calcined under the influence of air and the babies are completely safe.
Small snails hatch in a few weeks, provided that the ambient temperature is 21-27C, and the humidity is sufficient. Newborns are quite large, fully formed and do not require any special care.
Ampulyaria has postponed caviar. What to do?
If you are not worried about the fact that the snails will fall into the general aquarium, then ... nothing. With constant humidity and temperature, caviar or eggs ampoule will hatch, fall into the water and begin a completely independent life. Catch them is not a problem, but if you want, you can put a plastic bottle incubator under the clutch. Small snails will fall there and you can transfer them to the general aquarium.
The moment of appearance of babies from caviar:
The ampoule doesn't move for a couple of days, what happened?
Most likely she died if she did not move for several days. A simple way to understand this is to get a snail and smell it. But, carefully, the smell can be very strong. Dead snails ampulyaria in the aquarium should be removed, as they very quickly decompose and can spoil the water.
I want to give vegetables, but they come up. How to be?
Very simple, chop a piece of non-plug or any stainless object.
Do ampouleries spoil plants?
Yes, some species can, especially if hungry. How to fight? Feed their fill.
I want to have an ampoule, but I am afraid that they will divorce. How to control them?
This is not a problem at all. First, the caviar is large and above the water, it is very difficult not to notice it. Secondly, the snails themselves are large and even catch them with their hands. Well, and more ways to get rid of snails you will find the link.
Do I need to somehow create a place where they can put off caviar?
Enough to cover the aquarium. Ideal conditions for caviar are created in the space between the lid and the water. And yes, it is better to cover, since ampulyarii can crawl away on a journey.
My snail is already very big, how long will it grow?
With good feeding, the look of the ampulyary Pomacea maculata can reach 15 cm in diameter. But, as a rule, they are 5-8 cm in diameter.
My ampulyaria has a part of the body blown off, what to do?
Nothing, they have a wonderful ability to regenerate. As a rule, a lost organ will grow within 25 days. It may be slightly smaller, but fully operational. They even restore the eyes.
How ampulyarias transfer salt water?
If you gradually increase the concentration, then they withstand a small salinity. If the snail ceased to crawl out of the shell as it rises, then reduce it before it is too late.
Do ampouleries parasites?
Yes, there are several types for which they are carriers. However, ampulyarias resist quite well, and are much sturdier than parasites.
There is one parasite that is dangerous to humans (the nematode Angiostrongylus cantonensis). Its main carrier is a rat, and a person can become infected if they consume raw snails. In rare cases, it invokes damage to the nervous system and even death.
But you have absolutely nothing to fear. Ampulyaria can become infected with it only if they live in nature, where neighbors are infected rodents. It is difficult to imagine that local ampularia bred in an aquarium can contact them. But, even if so, then you still need to eat a raw snail.
Do ampouleries hibernate?
Yes, during the dry season in nature, some species can. But in the aquarium they do not need it.
My ampulyary sink places are not of that color, what's the matter?
This is due to the fact that at some point they stopped growing (change of habitat, lack of food, other water) and as soon as everything got better, they immediately restored the former quality of the sink. But the trace remained. It's okay, the main thing is that further you keep them well.
My ampoule is collapsing shell. What is it about?
To form shells, snails absorb calcium from water. If you have very old, or very soft water, then it may simply be missing. And her defense, her shell is cracking. It is not difficult to fix it, at least to replace some of the water with fresh one, or to add mineral substances so that the water becomes harder.
But note that they can seal up the holes in the sink, but sometimes the tip of the shell disappears from them and they cannot repair it. However, it does not bother them to live.
I found an empty shell from an ampoule. Has someone eaten her?
Most likely she died herself. Above are listed the types of fish that can eat them. But, if it dies on its own, it decomposes very quickly, since it consists entirely of protein.
How many live ampoules?
Depends on the conditions of detention and temperature. At low temperatures up to 3 years, and at temperatures from 25 ° C only 12-16 months. At higher temperatures, ampouleries are more active, grow and multiply faster. But, a side effect is accelerated metabolism, and, accordingly, early death. The temperature for keeping an ampoule can vary between 18 - 28 ° C
Will ampulyarii survive in a pond?
During the summer, completely, as they can live at a temperature of 18-28 ° C. But in the fall, you know ...
My ampouleries are not active, they often do not move. I feed normally, conditions are good.
If they did not die (how to check, see above), then everything is fine. The snails themselves are rather lazy creatures, they have only two desires either to eat or to multiply. Accordingly, when these desires are not, they just sleep.
Either you have a low water temperature, which we have already written above.
My ampoule has surfaced and floats on the surface. Is she dead?
Not necessary. As mentioned above, they are rather lazy, and since they breathe the air that is pumped under the sink, they can easily emerge. Check that with her is very simple. Get out of the water and see if the snail quickly closes the shell, then everything is in order. At the deceased muscles relax and she does not move.
How long does it take for caviar to hatch out?
Two to four weeks, depending on temperature and humidity.
Do ampouleries multiply throughout the year?
Yes, but in winter much less.
Why died ampoule?
It is difficult to say unequivocally, the reasons can be many. But, as a rule, in common aquariums they die ... from hunger. This is a large snail, in order to live and grow it needs a lot of food, and in the general aquarium it lacks it.
Can an ampoule live without water?
Of course not, this is a water snail. If you see how she gets out of the water or even crawls out of the aquarium, it means that the female is looking for a place where to lay her eggs. In this case, you need to close her exits from him, otherwise she will come out and die. For caviar you need a place with high temperature and humidity, usually the ideal place is under the cover of the aquarium or glass.
Does ampularia eat fish?
As we have said, only the dead. She has neither speed nor teeth to hunt fish. А вот дохлых рыб она ест с удовольствием.
Ампулярия закапывается в грунт?
Нет, она слишком крупная, ей бы понадобились усилия маленького бульдозера.
Можно ли содержать ампулярий и красноухих черепах?
Можно, ампулярии для красноухих черепах отличный корм. Шутка. Нельзя, причина уже названа.
Ampularia and Helena get along?
Adults, yes. For Helen, an adult ampoule is clearly beyond its powers, but they can eat small ones.
Aquarium snails ampouleria: maintenance and care, breeding
These cute colorful snails are very popular all over the world. Ampularia in the aquarium have become habitual inhabitants of the Russian lovers of the "water kingdom". This mollusk arrived in our region from South America (Amazon basin). In addition, this species is common in many tropical countries.
Ampularia, the maintenance and care of which is extremely simple, appeared in Europe recently. This happened at the beginning of the 20th century. Nevertheless, they quickly gained popularity among aquarists. This is due to the large size, bright beautiful colors and the simplicity of the content of such snails.
The aquarium snail ampoule, a photo of which today can be seen in all publications for lovers of aquatic inhabitants, is quite widespread in nature. In some areas, people even have to struggle with the growth of its population, since an excessive number of such mollusks damages the wetland ecosystem. These snails displace other gastropods from their habitat. And since ampulyarias are omnivorous, they represent a danger to crops, in particular to rice. For example, in the EU countries there is a ban on their import and distribution.
This type of mollusks is distinguished by a huge variety of shell colors. Many representatives have a yellow color, however, other, most diverse colors are common. Among them:
- blue (blue);
- brown individuals.
We will present you the most common ones.
This is perhaps the most common form of this mollusk today. Ampulyaria, the breeding of which is often practiced by aquarists, has more than a hundred species. With the maintenance of snails of different colors in one aquarium, you can create a beautiful variegated picture. But it must be remembered that in order for yellow snails to breed normally, there should be no more than one individual per 10 liters of water.
Ampulyaria yellow perfectly survives in the usual aquarium with fish. It is compatible with various types of fish, but it must be borne in mind that some of them can pinch clams for mustache. This, above all, applies to fish that feed on these cute creatures. Therefore, it will be safer to keep these snails with non-aggressive fish.
Among the brightest representatives of this type of mollusks, blue ampouleries are particularly prominent. The gray-blue shell and darker body look not boring at all against the background of yellow, marble, purple or pink snails. Such an individual has its own exotic charm and the grace of an unusual creature, as if coming to us from another planet.
In nature, ampulyaria feeds mainly on plant-based feed, and in aquariums, blue snails prefer proteinaceous - bloodworms, scraped meat, tubule, and dry food for aquarium fish. From vegetable components with pleasure consume lettuce leaves. Periodically, you can add to the diet semolina, scalded with boiling water. If you feed a blue ampulyary only with vegetable food, it will become barren.
These snails often grow quite impressive - up to 9 cm. There are even real giants, whose size significantly exceeds the specified value.
Their lifespan depends on the quality of care (mainly for food) and the temperature of the water in the aquarium. At relatively low values (18–20 ° C), the cochlea can live for 2–3 years, but it will become sedentary due to its slow metabolism. At 25-28 ° С, the snail will live only a year or a year and a half, but with it it will grow quickly, multiply intensively, will be distinguished by high activity.
Snails ampouleria: maintenance and care
Despite the fact that this type of mollusks gets along well with fish, it is better to keep them in a separate aquarium. The fact is that not only some species of fish, but also other animals, for example, red-eared turtles, eat even adult snails, not to mention caviar and offspring.
Snails ampouleries, maintenance and care of which are quite simple, can live in a not very large aquarium (30 liters), but this is on condition that you have one pet. But since the ampulyaries do not contain one by one, 3-4 individuals will need a more spacious capacity - one hundred liters.
It is necessary to know the owners, who already live ampoules: their reproduction should be under their control. Otherwise, a myriad of mollusks will soon appear in the aquarium. In addition, care should be taken to ensure that dead snails do not remain in the water.
You need to cover the aquarium with a lid, because if your pets do not like something in their new home, they will come out and go for a walk. In such a situation, it is necessary to find out what triggered their escape, and eliminate the inconveniences.
Periodically, the ampoule comes out to breathe air, therefore, between the cover of the aquarium and the surface of the water must be left free space. It is very interesting to watch the tricks of the colorful beauties. They look very funny, especially when there are several individuals in an aquarium. Initially, the snail picks up the air, floats, then exhales, and with the noise falls to the bottom.
Often, newcomers, having seen such tricks for the first time, are terrified and frightened, believing that the unfortunate creatures breathed their last and fell dead to the bottom. This is not so, just the "stags" breathed the air and went to rest.
Experienced aquarists know how undemanding to water ampoules. Maintenance and care, as well as their breeding are possible in much worse conditions than other aquatic inhabitants require. The owner of the aquarium is quite enough to follow simple rules for replacing water and filtering it.
Particular attention should be paid to the snail shell. That it not only did not collapse, but also was updated, calcium is necessary. If the aquarium is too soft water, then add limestone, sea shells, fine marble to it. It is even easier to compensate for the lack of calcium by purchasing a drug at a pet store that increases water hardness.
Despite the fact that ampulyariya, the photo that you can see in this article, is an unpretentious being, it is necessary to follow certain rules of feeding. This is important for the normal development of the mollusk, its active reproduction. In addition, the quality of the feed is directly related to the duration of its life. So how to feed an ampoule? These representatives of gastropods with the same appetite eat almost any food. Ampulyaria are remarkable in that they eat up leftover food after their neighbors.
Despite the fact that in natural conditions snails prefer plant food, they are recommended to diversify their diet in captivity. Ampularia will never give up food of animal origin:
Still, the main food of the snail should be vegetables and greens:
- leaves of cabbage and lettuce;
Before feeding, vegetables should be boiled slightly, and the herbs - scalded with boiling water. Leftover vegetables do not forget to timely remove from the tank so that the water does not deteriorate. The above-listed products diet is not limited to an ampoule. They are happy to enjoy granulated feed, boiled yolk, white bread, duckweed, bananas. Meanwhile, do not let your pets eat everything. It is necessary to observe vitamin and mineral balance in feeding.
Only an experienced specialist can distinguish a male from a female even in a sexually mature ampulyary. The breeding of these snails usually occurs when 4-5 individuals live in the same aquarium. In such a company there are usually necessarily opposite-sex snails.
When the female creates a clutch, her calf is almost white, with a slight yellow tinge. Then the eggs become harder and become off-white. Most often, the female lays her caviar before sunrise, where the place was well heated by the backlight. Because of this, often when the owner turns on the backlight lamps in the morning, the clutch may die from the heat.
If you want to save eggs and wait for the offspring, the eggs should immediately be cut from the glass and laid on a piece of foam or algae.
It is possible to breed snails of this species, as well as aquarian small fishes. They reach sexual maturity by 15 months. To breed ampulyarii, you must prepare the aquarium, creating in it 10-15 centimeters air gap. To do this, it is necessary to drain part of the water and cover the container with glass. Water temperature - + 26 - 28 degrees.
Ampoule females lay their eggs in the form of a bunch on the wall of the aquarium or on the glass to be coated. It matures 7–15 days, and the process of procreation takes 5 days.
It is very important to protect the eggs from drying out, as with the lack of moisture the clutch dies. After two weeks, a young emerges from it, which moves to the aquarium water. Newborn snails should be heavily fed. Initially, they are given soaked and pounded dry food for fish, gammarus, daphnia, boiled yolk, shriveled meat (beef). Then they are gradually transferred to adult food, and when the kids grow up to 5 mm, they can be seated in other aquariums.
These are the funny creatures of snail ampoules. Keeping and caring for them does not constitute a lot of work, and with their presence they diversify your aquarium and will bring a lot of pleasure to watch them.
Ampularia: the use and decoration of the aquarium
Snails in an aquarium are not just pretty decorations, but often also very useful sweepers to help get rid of the remnants of food and sludge. One of the most favorite aquarists is the aquarium snail ampulyaria. She comes from South America. Snails live in calm and warm by the sun warm reservoirs - rivers, ponds and bolts. Its other name is an apple snail.
Its habitat has adapted the snail to poor water quality, so it is completely unpretentious and its maintenance in aquarium conditions does not cause trouble: they are easy to feed, care for them and breed. However, before you start an ampoule, you should familiarize yourself with their features.
Aquarium ampoule looks very attractive, perhaps that's why it has become very popular. When buying tiny two-centimeter ampoules, keep in mind that they are impressive in size, from 5 to 15 centimeters. Life expectancy depends on the conditions in which it lives. The figure can vary from year to four years.
Externally, aquarium ampulyaria is somewhat similar to a pond snail. In nature, their shell is painted in light brown colors. In the aquarium world, snails with yellow color are most often observed. In addition to these colors, there are also white, brown, almost black and even blue ampouleries.
The coloring of the snails does not affect the characteristics of their content and feeding. Moreover, the content of several ampoules of different colors in one aquarium looks very advantageous from a decorative point of view.
Interesting respiratory system ampulyary. The mollusk spends most of its life under water, like a fish - aquarium water gives it the necessary oxygen. But sometimes you can see how ampulyaria, rising to the surface, pulls out his breathing tube and breathes. The thing is that in addition to the gill slits, it has lungs, and it periodically needs atmospheric oxygen.
Reproduction ampoules does not require special conditions or stimulation. They multiply fairly quickly, but if the aquarium conditions deteriorate, the activity decreases.
Sensing danger, the ampoule closes the lid of the mouth of the shell. This device allows the cochlea not only to protect itself from predators. She also has to do this during periods of drought. Maintaining optimal conditions in the aquarium will prevent the cochlea from hibernating, and it will stay awake all year round.
Snail ampouleries are very unpretentious creations. The amount of water is calculated according to the scheme of 10 liters per snail. If you plan to contain only ampoule, a small aquarium capacity of 40 liters is quite suitable for them. But still some snails are rarely contained, so if you decide to populate 3-4 ampulyary with your fish, select an aquarium with a capacity of at least 100 liters.
When pouring water into a container, be sure to leave an air gap of 10 centimeters. It needs ampulyaria for breathing. No matter how long the snail is under water, it will die without oxygen on the surface. The aquarium cover must be closed, otherwise the clam may get out of its house and die.
The aquarium water parameters are generally the same as when the fish are kept - filtration, aeration, regular water changes.
- Temperature. From 18 to 30 degrees. But it should be borne in mind that these snails are of tropical origin and live in heat. The optimum temperature is about 24 degrees.
- Calcium content. If the aquarium water is very soft, the snail shell will begin to collapse. Over time, holes and holes will appear. To change the level of hardness, a couple of shells, crushed marble or special preparations are added to the aquarium.
Peculiar relations in ampoules with algae. Aquarium plants with soft and thin leaves are likely to become a victim of voracious snails. Often, even in case of sufficient feeding, the plants may suffer. That is why it is better to plant hard algae in the ampulyary aquarium, which will be too tough for the clam.
Ampulyaria, like all aquarium snails, have an excellent appetite. They eat almost all types of food. They can be fed with vegetables (carrots, cabbage, lettuce, zucchini and cucumbers), after dabbing them with boiling water for softness. Do not disdain ampulyaria live food - pipemaker, bloodworm.
Many novice aquarists get scared by noticing how a clam eats a dead fish. But do not worry: the living inhabitants of the aquarium ampulyary not attack. But they will calmly eat the dead snails, fish, as well as their eggs.
Feed the ampoule is not worth much. They, of course, do not hurt much satiety, but how much rotting remnants of food will hurt the entire aquarium!
Snails ampulyariya peaceful and calm inhabitants of the aquarium. Their behavior does not disturb the neighbors, but, alas, it is not mutual. Many aquarium fish can tweak snails and even tear off their antennae. Larger fish — the fahak, the green tetradon, and the large cichlids — will purposefully attack the snail, seeing food in it. Usually they eat the young, but large individuals, too, do not be good. Fish will nibble them all the time.
If shrimps and crayfish live in your tank, snails will have to be abandoned. With great delight, these aquarium dwellers gobble up ampulyaria, skillfully picking out a snail from the shell.
Most of the snails are hermaphroditic and easily reproduce in the presence of two individuals. But an aquarium ampoule is an exception. They are opposite-sex animals, but you will not succeed in determining gender. Males are no different from females. Accordingly, reproduction requires the presence of two individuals. Therefore, if you are planning to breed snails, it is better to purchase 3-4 individuals, just in case. To breed them, do not need any stimulants.
After mating, the female crawls to the surface and begins to look for the most comfortable place in order to lay eggs. Most often she does this in the evening. She lays eggs not in water, protecting offspring from predators. Touch or move the calf can not, if there is no really compelling reasons. It so happens that the ampoule laid eggs at night at the lighting. In this case, it should be done, until the caviar is hardened, move it. Otherwise, when you turn on the lamp, the eggs will burn.
When ripe, the eggs become darker, and after 2-4 weeks, snail crumbs appear. Leave them in the general aquarium can not be - most likely, they die or become food for fish. Ampouleas multiply fairly quickly, but their numbers are easily controlled manually.
On the very first day, tiny snails are already eating soft aquarium plants, collecting leftover food. Feed chopped fish food, and after a couple of weeks, you can add to the diet and parental food.
It is worth knowing that if necessary, treatment of the aquarium snails need to be transplanted, as they do not tolerate many drugs. No matter how many snails live in an aquarium, they should not be left in case of use:
- formaldehydes and pesticides, which are used to exterminate parasites;
- copper-containing drugs used to treat fungal infections;
- malachite green (for the treatment of ichthyophthiriasis and fungal diseases).
By the way, if the snail has surfaced, it does not mean that she died. Do not be afraid of this behavior. Maybe she just breathes. It is possible to determine whether the ampoule is alive, just as in the case of any other snail - to smell. If the smell is unpleasant, the clam is dead and must be removed from the aquarium immediately.
The benefits of ampulyaria
It has already been mentioned above that multi-colored and undoubtedly cute creatures are an excellent decoration of an aquarium. They will help create a unique interior in your underwater garden.
Like other snails, ampulyarias are wonderful aquarium attendants. They do an excellent job with the coating on the walls and the film on the surface of the water. She collects the remaining feed after feeding, no matter how much it is left, not allowing it to rot and pollute the soil and water.
Snails in the aquarium - this is to some extent a classic.And ampulyaria, perhaps, have become one of the most worthy representatives. It is interesting to watch them, and a variety of colors is pleasing to the eye. Efforts to maintain ampoules are minimal, and you do not have to do much, and the results fully justify the expectations.
Horned snail in aquarium content maintenance and photo description.
The horned snail got its "popular" name thanks to the hornlike processes on its shell. The shells of snails of this species are colored yellow-black, with small patches of brown-black. Besides. The shells of horned snails are very strong, and the "horns" themselves have an interesting structure, and can even injure a person who will hold or squeeze the snail in his hand. This is a very interesting creature that will not let the other inhabitants of the aquarium get bored and decorate its decoration.
Horned snails are the smallest jade species I have ever kept. The average size of this snail is about 1 cm in diameter, but some adults or old snails can reach 1 cm in diameter and more. But the small size of horned snails does not diminish their beauty.
Such snails in an aquarium immediately attract attention, thanks to the contrasting yellow-black color and the unusual shape of their shell. Such coloring and shell structure are visible even in the youngest and smallest individuals. The colors of the horned snails can be of different color variations, for example, with some unusual parts and interspersions of similar shades or different colors of curls.
The horns or bayonets of each horned snail are arranged differently, i.e. there is no pattern here. What specifically affects the size of the "horns" and their location is not known. In addition, it is also not known whether these horns continue to grow in length along with the maturation of the snail itself. Usually these processes are located at the top of the shell, as well as closer to it.
Even if the place on the shell where the horn is located will increase as the snail grows, the size of the horn may remain unchanged. The main thing you need to remember to care for these snails - do not scoop them in your hands and do not squeeze, because As a result, you can damage the skin on your hands.
Horned snails are famous for their habit of "running away" from the water and wandering outside the aquarium. They can be without water for a long time. Having found the escaped snail, it is necessary to return it simply to its place. Being in the water, they will live as long as possible if they do not periodically get out into the air. For this reason, the aquarium should be constantly monitored and prevented from their attempts to escape.
If horned snails are trying to escape all the time, this can be a signal saying that the water in the aquarium does not suit them, and you need to carefully monitor the conditions in which they are contained.
Horned snails are known for their outstanding appetite. These snails eat almost all the algae that are in the aquarium: located on the walls, decorative elements, plants. Being small in size, they are able to penetrate into places where larger snails and algae-eating fish cannot reach.
Also, due to their low weight, almost any aquarium plants that have thin and small leaves can withstand them; they do not fall off their surface, which often happens with larger snails. Horned snails need additional nutrition in the form of dry pressed algae to get the necessary micronutrients, otherwise soon after the shares, they will eat all the vegetation in the aquarium (only if you have not had the problem of rapid algae growth, which needs to be addressed).
BreedingWith the breeding of horned snails in aquarium conditions, not everything is so simple, because these snails belong to those species that are able to breed only in sea water. We have information that some aquarists managed to get offspring in a freshwater aquarium, but it was not viable and almost all died in a few days.
SNAILS-CONTENT FEEDING DESCRIPTION BREEDING COMPATIBILITY
AMPULARIA CONTENT REPLACEMENT COMPATIBILITY PHOTO DESCRIPTION.
COIL AQUARIUM SNAIL CONTENT REPLACEMENT COMPATIBILITY DESCRIPTION PHOTO.
FIZA SNAIL CONTENT COMPATIBILITY REPLENISHMENT DESCRIPTION PHOTO VIDEO.
Cleaners and orderlies of the aquarium - wholesome fish, shrimps, snails relieving algae
Who benefits from the aquarium?
Every aquarist, sooner or later, but such a question arises.
First, we acquire unpretentious fish, simple in content. Gradually interested in more complex fish, more interesting and rare. Often, choose the fish for the beauty of color, shape, behavior.
But the moment comes when we are looking for useful fish, albeit not so bright and interesting in behavior, but which make it easier for us to take care of our aquarium world, who clean the aquarium, are its nurses and bring unconditional benefits!
I think this list can be replenished with your help.
So, let's begin. Immediately come to mind such useful fish as:
Siamese Algae Eaters (SAE) and their relatives
Much has been written about these fish, practically, each aquarist has representatives of these species. Their use has long been tested and proven!
Seaweed ShrimpThese wonderful creatures have recently become increasingly popular with aquarists. Our members of the forum, also appreciated the contribution of shrimp to the fight for the purity of the aquarium. In confirmation of this, a number of articles on shrimp appeared on our website.
The best fighter with nitchatka - Amano's shrimp
Cleaners of our aquariums, which are all, without exception, shrimp, eating up food particles, microscopic organisms, rotten leaves of aquarium plants.
Red Crystal Shrimp
Black Tiger Shrimp
Algae Snails and orderlies
Snail helena. Predatory snail-eating snail.
Thunderstorm of all snails !!!
Next, I would like to elaborate on some snails.
Snail Neritina "Zebra" "Neritina natalensis sp" Zebra "
Some aquarists call it a tiger snail. They say that you can not find two snails with the same ornamentation of the shell. The homeland of these snails is hot Africa.
Content temperature - 25-27 degrees Celsius, PH of 7.
The cover of the aquarium should be tightly closed, because there are shoots of snails from the aquarium. For a short time this snail can live on land. Frequent attempts to leave the territory of the aquarium may indicate that the parameters of the water do not like the zebras. Zebras live in the aquarium for about 4-5 years, the size of the shell grows to 2-2.5 cm. In the aquarium, this snail does not reproduce.
Snail Neretina "Hedgehog" "Neritina juttingae"
The shell of this snail is decorated with spiral ribs and spikes. The size of the snail is 2-2.5 cm. Life expectancy in an aquarium is about 4 years. The optimum water temperature is 25-28 degrees, the pH is above 6.5.
Snail Neretina "Black Ear"
Conditions of detention, dimensions are similar to the previous instance, the lower threshold of temperature may be 22 degrees.
All neretina excellent cleaners aquariums, tirelessly clean stele, large-leaved plants, stones, snags and decor from algal fouling. Moreover, the aquarium plants do not damage at all. The only disadvantage of these snails - laying eggs on the glass aquarium.
Separately, I want to stay on a tiny snail -
Horned snail Neritina Clithon
These snails have a fairly wide range of habitats Japan, Thailand, the Philippines, China, Indonesia.
The photo shows that there are many options for coloring horned snails. A common feature - the presence of small horns on the shell of snails.
Life expectancy in an aquarium is up to 5 years. The snail is only 1-1.5 cm in size. But its capabilities deserve the love of aquarists: snails can crawl even into the most hard-to-reach places, clearing them to shine.
According to reviews of aquarists: the horned snail perfectly cleans diamond algae from Anubias leaves, glass, stones, decorations.
Water temperature should not be below 24 ° C, PH 7-8. Recommended for 100 liters of 10-15 stuff.
Like all neretina, horned snail does not breed in fresh water.
This video, in accelerated playback, shows how successfully a tiny horned snail copes with algae.
Porcelain Septaria (Septaria porcellana)
This extremely slow snail is also called the snail-turtle. It belongs to the family Neritidae.
Related Names Septaria porcellana - Green Turtle Snail, Cellana toreuma, Neritia Crepidularia, Bourbon Nerite.
Dimensions septaria forforova from 1.5 to 3 cm. Conditions: temperature 22-26, PH from 6 to 7.5. Filtration, aeration, water changes are required. The life of the aquarium in the presence of food (algal fouling) is about 2 years.
This remarkable snail was first discovered in 1758. The homeland of the snail is Indonesia and the Philippines.
In addition to its slowness, this snail is distinguished by its unusual form of carapace - a flat form. Snails are of different genders, but breed only in brackish water, therefore reproduction of porcelain Septaria in a fresh-water aquarium is not possible.
The snail firmly sticks its foot to the surfaces. In no case can not try to tear it off, thus you can snatch the snail's leg, which will lead to its death. Rotational movements, very carefully, you can try to peel the snail from the glass.
Like the previous types of neretin, Septarium porcelain, is also an aquarium nurse, and feeds on algal fouling. Excellent cleans the aquarium from algae, including from the Vietnamese. Does not damage plants. Gets along with all the peaceful fish and shrimps. Be careful with tetradonts, crayfish and other predators. I saw these snails in a cichlid. Feel great, and the glass already glistened with cleanliness.
- without algae the snail can die from hunger!
- the snail is not able to move on sandy soil!
Here are the rave reviews of the happy owners of these snails:
"This crumb in an hour has already collected two bunches of Vietnamese, and is clearly not going to stop," "Not able to move on the sand. Excellent creeps on the ground 1-2mm! Trying to climb on some plants with low and wide leaves. It easily climbs the glass on the side of the snags. Still - along the glass they are buried in the sand, where algae sit between the sand and the glass, and happily eats them out. I need another septar, "" in a week a quarantine of 30 l was cleaned from the greenery, the glasses shine on them waiting for aqua overgrown to impossibly excellent f ulitosa ".
Septaria also hangs its eggs on the scenery
And these mollusks very interested me !!
And it all started, here with this photo:
In two aquariums, water is poured from the same reservoir, but freshwater mussels, which are live filters, were placed in the second aquarium!
The same function they perform in aquariums.
Corbicula javan snail (Corbicula javanicus)
or sharovka yellow javanese or gold bivalve
The homeland of these mollusks: China, Indonesia, Vietnam and other Asian countries.
The optimal parameters for the content: temperature 15-30 ° C, PH 6.4-8.5, gH 10-24.
Not demanding on the quality of water in the aquarium, but there must be a good saturation of water with oxygen, which means aeration in the aquarium is obligatory. Water changes and filtration in the aquarium are also needed. Corbicula grow up to 3 cm in size. Life expectancy: 4 - 7 years
The recommended soil is sand of a fraction of 1–3 mm, and the corticles are almost completely buried in it. The soil layer should be at least 2-3 cm.
Corbicula are excellent helpers in the aquarium against cloudiness of the water, as they are filter feeders.
Passing water through them, they feed on the microorganisms contained in it.
According to different sources: Someone recommends keeping one tank per 100 liter aquarium. There is information about the content in 20 liters of two or even three individuals.
Such mollusks are recommended to be contained in spawners, where the need for clean water is especially important. Corbicula lets through 5 liters of aquarium water per hour!
In aquariums where these mollusks live, the water is always crystal clear, it does not bloom and does not have suspension and turbidity!
An interesting fact is that in aquariums where corbicules are kept, ichthyophorosis diseases do not occur, in the opinion of aquarists, corbicules retain ichthyophthirius cysts that swim in free flight.
You can keep a corbicul with all peaceful fish and shrimps.
Corbicula are hermaphroditic, reproduction problems in the aquarium there. Viviparous corbicula reproduce tiny snails, barely visible in the unaided eye. In an aquarium, newborn corbicules look like a muddy cloud, then sink to the bottom, where they continue to grow and develop.
If plants grow in your tank with a weak root system, then corbicules, plowing up the ground, can easily dig them up.
The author of the article is Esta (Natalia Polskaya),
for the provided material and cooperation!
Snail ampoule. Reproduction ampulyary. Aquarium.
My snail in the aquarium laid eggs !!! what will happen next?
They lay eggs over water, try to keep the lid closed (so that the caviar does not dry out). Nature will do the rest. Then you will see small white balls crawling on the glass, they grow quickly, so you will see everything yourself. GOOD LUCK !!!
There is an opinion that it is better not to touch the laying laid in the aquarium and leave it as it is, but still you should not forget that the lamps, even energy-saving, emit heat and the laying left, taking into account the short distance to the lamps, can dry out more than cutting if laying, sacrificing the eggs of the first layer, and placing it in a floating otsadnik. The masonry becomes hard enough to move on average after 7-10 hours, that is, in the morning it can already be removed (the female ampularia lays its eggs under the cover of night, or just late in the evening). You can do this, for example, using a regular piece of paper for writing, gently slipping it under the clutch and holding it. Then you need to put it on some floating object, I use a piece of expanded polystyrene for these purposes, which is used to make food pods (in which weight goods are still sold, sweets for example), you can pierce several holes in it, but this is not necessary. If you want to keep as many ampoules as possible, the clutch in any case will have to be transferred, or carefully monitored, so that when it is ripe, immediately transfer the babies to the otsadnik from the general aquarium, otherwise they will most likely enjoy eating fish.
If there is an opportunity, of course, you can simply plant an ampoule into a separate aquarium and, by creating all the necessary conditions for them, let nature take care of everything. When I had to transplant my ampoules for a couple of days into a three-liter jar 8 inches long (with gauze stretched over the throat) they also put off their eggs on the very first night. In such conditions, the withdrawal is, of course, minimal, although as soon as the masonry had matured, I transferred the ampoule into a small otsadnik, where the bottom area exceeds the height. In such a capacity, it is more convenient to monitor cleanliness, and the ulitats do not have to travel far to the surface to breathe.
The newly laid laying, the color of baked milk, gradually darkens as it matures. It should be noted that this color is typical for the ampularia type most commonly used in aquariums - Pomacea bridgesi, Pomacea canaliculata (which, unlike the former, gladly eat aquarium plants), caviar has a completely different shade - it is more orange, sometimes even slightly red. These species also differ in the shape of the shell, in bridgesi it is slightly more conical, and in canaliculata, on the contrary, the latter curl is much larger than all the others, but, unfortunately, these visual differences are not particularly noticeable.
The average number of eggs in the clutch varies from 100 to 300. Depending on the ambient temperature, the eggs ripen on average in 1.5-3 weeks. It is not difficult to understand that the young ampoules inside have already taken shape. If the clutch is lying in a holders or is laid on the glass behind which there is no background, it is enough just to look at it from the back side - there should be clearly visible tiny ampoules. If this is not possible, simply wait until the dried shell of the upper eggs whiten (the internal mass of the clutch sags as it matures) and gently break one of them. The formed snails themselves gradually gnaw through the shell and fall or crawl into the water, but if you like, you can help them by gently breaking the clutch over the precipitator and submerging it in the water. The total mass, free from ampoules, masonry is better to remove, and the fact that the ampoule will remain will be fed in the first two days.