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Top 10 fish to start with

Deciding what kind of fish to start first in your tank can be sudden, and can be thought out. Unfortunately, novice aquarists are often guided by the very first impulse, completely without understanding the fish. And then, instead of joy and pleasure, they get a headache and problems. You need to choose the fish wisely, because their life and your comfort depend on your choice. Before you go to the store or to the market, study all the available information about the fish that you liked.

What kind of fish is not worth buying for beginners, we have considered here. And the top 10 unusual fish here.

And in order to make it easier for you to navigate, we have compiled a list of the best aquarium fish for beginners and briefly described them. All of them are distinguished by unpretentiousness, tolerance to conditions in an aquarium, peaceful nature, livableness and modest size. We hope that it will help make your choice easier!

Cardinal

Guppy

A classic for any newcomer to aquarism is guppies. They are very unpretentious, livable, and just get divorced. It is very easy to distinguish males from females, males have a big tail, they are much brighter, and their anal fin is elongated. The females are larger, fuller and the anal fin is shorter, and most importantly - they are gray, only the tail fin can be colored. They are viviparous, which means - the fry immediately swim and are adapted to life. At one time, the female guppy can sweep from 10 to 60 fry. But if you leave the fry in the general aquarium, it will be eaten quickly, you need to catch the fry in a separate container. To breed them is very simple, it is enough to keep together the males and females.

Guppies eat all kinds of feed, can grow well on branded feeds - flakes, granules, etc. It is worth noting that beginners are not recommended to start pedigree forms of guppies, because of the long mixing of blood, they, on the contrary, have become capricious and difficult to maintain.

Males of guppies of different breeds

There is also a species of Endler's guppy. The differences between endlers are much smaller in themselves, the males are not veiled, they are much more agile, the fry are less infected, but the fry themselves are larger and breed more often.

Sword-bearers / Molly / Pocilia /

We will unite them in one group (swordtails / mollies / squares /), since they are very similar in behavior and content, although outwardly they are very different. Just like guppies, they are viviparous. And that means there will be no problems with the fry, he immediately swims, eats, hides.

They are very simply divorced, the principle is the same as that of a guppy - just keep the males and females together. They are very bright and mobile fish, you will not need to look for them to consider, on the contrary, they will always beg for food from you. They tolerate various conditions in the aquarium and forgive mistakes that beginners often make. They eat all kinds of live, artificial, frozen feed. In general, they are similar to guppies in content, but outwardly larger, have a variety of color and body shape. As a precaution - do not buy a lot of male Swordtails in one aquarium, they can fight!

Petilia and mollies during feeding

Danio rerio

Danio rerio is a small (up to 5-6 cm), elegant fish. For its small size, peaceful disposition and unpretentiousness, it has earned great popularity in aquarium.

Since this is a schooling fish, it is better to keep at least 5-6 individuals. The aquarium can be planted with plants, but it is important that the danios have free space for swimming near the surface, as this is a very mobile fish. If you are going to have a veil form, do not plant them with fish that may tear off fins, for example, with a Sumatran barbus. The aquarium should be closed, as danios can jump out of the water.

Omnivorous, they eat any kind of feed - branded, live, frozen. It is better to feed them with flakes, as they pick up food from the surface of the water and they don’t collect them for a long time without sinking. It is very easy to breed danios, for once the female lays from 200 to 500 eggs.

Danio rerio

Cardinals

This is a very small (2.5-3 cm) and very unpretentious fish. However, it is brightly colored, just divorced and completely non-aggressive, even the cardinals do not touch their fry. They tolerate cold water, some even keep them in the summer in a pond in the yard. They love to move in the middle layers, and also like to gather in flocks. You need to keep them in small flocks, from 6 pieces. Although it is possible and large, with its modest size, the cardinals do not require large aquariums. With good content can live up to 3 years.

Corridors

These are small, mobile, beautiful and pack catfish. There are many different types of corridors, but the most popular are speckled catfish and golden catfish. All of them are similar in their behavior - living at the bottom, they are constantly looking for remnants of food, thereby cleaning the aquarium. They are very mobile, while remaining quite small, and carry the widest range of conditions.

Any type of feed is suitable for feeding, but it is important to ensure that the feed falls to the bottom, and catfish do not stay hungry while other fish stuff their bellies. It is best to feed the corridors with special food for catfish, they quickly sink, and falling to the bottom do not fall apart. It is better to keep the corridors in the flock, they like to live surrounded by relatives, and it is very interesting to watch them in the flock.

Speckled catfish

Wedge specks

Very beautiful and very small fish, which is perfect in the neighbors for all of the above fish. Grow up to 5 cm and very peaceful. Beautiful coloring, on which a black spot stands out (for which it got its name), its small size and peaceful disposition made it very popular. It is better to keep the cuneiform pack in a flock, and there should be enough free space in the aquarium for swimming. The flock rasbor keeps together and very much decorates any aquarium. You can feed a variety of feeds, it is only important not to give large ones, as it simply cannot swallow them.

Flock rasbor

Acantoftalmusy

This is one of the most unusual fish that even an inexperienced aquarist can see.

Related to the vines, it resembles a small snake. But it is completely harmless, and quite durable. Acantoftalmus often hides during the day, and in order for him to feel comfortable he needs shelter and soft soil in which he likes to dig. In soft ground, he is able to find and dig a buried moth, not to mention other feed.

If there is sand in the aquarium, it will be buried in it with pleasure. So it helps to keep the aquarium clean, eating everything that falls to the bottom. You can feed him with any sinking feed, but additionally pour feed for catfish, better at night. Can escape from the aquarium, you need to cover it. The readers said that in the sand they could dig in stones, but I had never met with such a thing, mine definitely did not undermine anything.

Acantoftalmus

Lyalius

Fishes belong to the same genus - labyrinth. These fish live in water that is poor in oxygen and adapted to this by learning to breathe oxygen from the surface. You will see how they rise to it, to take another breath of air. Small, peaceful, males are very brightly colored, and their ventral fins have turned into long processes. You can feed any feed, including floating. Only give the moth with care and a little, it is poorly digested.

Already after the publication of the article, my readers corrected. The essence - liliaus can be difficult for beginners (he is just a little flaky and jealous of females). I agree, and add that there is another wonderful fish of the same kind - gourami. There are many types, but for beginners a good choice would be marble gourami. Very hardy, peaceful, of unusual shape and color. It is generally similar to lyalius, but larger and less demanding. So you can stop at this gorgeous fish, and start up a little later.

Cherry Barbus

Peaceful, small fish, the males of which have a very bright color, for which they got their name. This is a schooling fish, so to keep a cherry barb is better from 5 pieces. But you will notice that he keeps loosely, gathering in a flock only in case of fright. The size of the cherry barb is small, the color of the males is bright red and very noticeable, the requirements for the content are low. This is a good fish to mention on our list.

A pair of cherry barbs

Antsistrus

Perhaps this is the largest fish from the list, grows about 15 cm, if the aquarium allows. But he earned his popularity for his unusual appearance, for clearing the aquarium and his stamina. Antsistrus is a catfish, but catfish is unusual, it lives in nature due to the fact that it eats algae and fouling.

Ancistrus

And his mouth turned into a suction cup, with which he scrapes it all. In the aquarium, he is a cleaner walls and decor. The males have unusual growths on the head, making it very memorable. Peaceful, but with other males can arrange fights. For him, it is important vegetable food, you need to feed special pills.

Afterword

Of course, this is an incomplete list, and after thinking it can be increased significantly. But the task was to acquaint beginner aquarists.

Beginners, I recommend first to learn all about the fish that you liked, and choose first of all hardy, easy-care, and peaceful fish that get along well with others in the general aquarium.
And experienced ask for your thoughts about the fish, which they consider simple, in the comments below. I am sure many beginners will thank you for it.

Aquarium home for beginners

Aquarium breeding is not difficult, if you do not take very demanding types of fish. There are many nuances that need to know an experienced aquarist, but you still get to them. And what should a beginner do? You say to yourself: I want an aquarium! Where to begin? We have prepared for you 10 golden rules that will help to do everything right in the aquarium from the very beginning.

1. Do not overfeed fish

The main cause of problems for beginners aquarists (often even experienced ones) is too abundant feeding. Aquarium is a closed environment, so that it does not get into it, it will become part of the water in which the fish live. The food gets into the ground, where it rots, releases toxic phosphates, accelerates the growth of harmful algae, and makes the aquarium look unhealthy. Overfeed the fish and the water becomes muddy, the fish get sick, and the glass will cover the disgusting algae.

How to understand if you are overfeeding fish? Everything that you threw into the aquarium should be eaten within a minute, if the food fell to the bottom or was not eaten in a minute, this is wrong! The exception to this rule is catfish, they need sinking food, such as pills, and even if they fell to the bottom, catfish will quickly destroy them.

In the new aquarium, it is better to feed the fish once a day, but after a while you can increase the quantity, following the rule - little by little and often. Arrange a fasting day once a week - do not feed the fish, this will allow them to stay healthy and look for food on their own.

2. Regular small care of an aquarium

Maintaining order in the aquarium seems like a no-brainer. For some reason it is considered that you need to change all the water in the aquarium. But the main things are a partial replacement of water, removing dirt from the ground, removing algae, and cleaning the filter. All this is enough to do once a week. And for the new aquarium water replacement is not needed! Only after a few months you need to start regularly changing up to 30% of water.

3. Create the right conditions for the fish.

If your fish is sick - not eating, hiding, losing color, or behaving strangely, and the water quality and conditions in the aquarium are normal, then it is often difficult to understand why the fish got sick. Beginners often do not take into account one important factor - the environment in which the fish lives. Everything, for example - rocks, plants, decor, even other fish affects your pets. If you take a small fish that lives in nature in densely overgrown, shady ponds and streams and put it in your aquarium with bright soil, light and no plants ... It will experience stress, it will get sick or die. with plants, soft light and she will eat well and grow.

When you buy fish, do not take all that you like. Now a lot of information, read, think, learn and compatibility of different types and you will not have to be disappointed.

4. Choose the right equipment.

Filters, lights, soil can directly affect how well your aquarium will look. It is unlikely that you will put a filter that suits the whirlpool, but a weak filter is a common mistake. As a result, the gradual deterioration of water quality, poisoning of fish and plants. Small internal filters are good for beginners, but they often fail and spoil the aquarium with their appearance. For aquariums longer than 60 cm, it is worth thinking about the internal filter, which filters much better.

As for the soil, you need to understand - whether you want to keep live plants in the aquarium. If so, the best choice is fine gravel is a good choice. It is well filtered, not stale, unlike sand. But if you want an aquarium with beautiful plants, look in the direction of branded soil mixtures. They are not cheap, but they give excellent results.

5. Wash the filter in the aquarium water.

A very common mistake when aquarists wash the filter and its contents under running water and with soap. Such a wash harms both the fish and the bacteria that live inside your filter and help establish a balance. Always wash the filter only with the water you have collected from the aquarium.

6. Learn more about your fish.

There are hundreds of types of fish you can buy and they are all different. Some grow large, some are aggressive, others are fighting with their own kind, or territorial, some predators. Choosing incompatible fish you create problems yourself, suffering for fish, and all this is easy to get around if you first study a little fish. Instead of buying at random, read about them, look in the store, ask around about the fish. 10 simple fish for beginners

7. Start the new fish slowly.

A new aquarium is not settled, it needs time so that the bacteria decomposing waste multiplied and settled down. If you run your tank too fast, add too many fish, you can get a bacterial outbreak, turbidity and fish death. Launch a new aquarium slowly. Add fish a little, once a week.

8. Check water quality.

The bulk of the problems in the aquarium lies in the quality of the water. Therefore, it is important that you know everything about the water in the aquarium and regularly conduct tests. Water tests are very simple, and a scientific degree in chemistry is completely unnecessary. In most cases, a simple set can be found in the nearest pet store. Buy, it will help to avoid serious problems.

9. Find a good seller.

Although the network can find the answer to almost any question, it is still better to communicate with the person. Meet the enthusiastic aquarist - he will always give you good advice, help you in difficult situations and avoid mistakes and disappointments in your new hobby. Now there are many thematic forums, do not hesitate to ask questions, they will be happy to answer them there.

10. Enjoy your passion.

The most important thing is to enjoy your aquarium and fish, and spend a lot of time with it. Aquaristics is a rest, a part of real nature in our home, and it is not as difficult as it seems. Try, make mistakes, but do not throw and after a while, you will already help beginners.

Continuing the article about the installation directly: How to run an aquarium?

Installation of the aquarium: instructions and useful video

BRIEF INSTRUCTIONS AQUARIUM INSTALLATION

By purchasing the first aquarium and creating your underwater kingdom, you unwittingly touched by the mistakes made, incidents and incidents.
What I lacked at that stage was step-by-step brief instructions. After all, I simply did not want to read a whole book or a bunch of Internet articles about the first launch of an aquarium, because there was one “zombie thought” in my head - tomorrow the aquarium should earn!

I HOPE THIS INSTRUCTIONS WILL BE USEFUL FOR YOU, UNDERSTANDING SPEED AND GIVE STEP-BY-STEP ANSWERS TO YOUR QUESTIONS: HOW TO BUY AN AQUARIUM? I WANT AQUARIUM WITH WHAT TO BEGIN? HOW TO RUN THE AQUARIUM?

OK, GET ON ...

1. Determine where the aquarium will stand?

- it is better to place the aquarium in a dark corner, so that direct sunlight does not fall on it (from them in the aquarium, algae may start up uncontrollably, sunlight creates glare on the glass).

- think about how the power supply will be suitable for the aquarium (for connecting: lighting, filter, aeration, heater).

- If you decide to put the aquarium is not special. stand, but on the furniture you already have, or you want to build an aquarium in a furniture niche - be sure to consider the weight of the aquarium with water so that it does not fall under its weight. The surface must be durable. CHECK !!!

- if you have small children, think about their safety and the safety of aquarium inhabitants from children. Доступ детей к аквариуму и его оборудованию должен быть ограничен (принцип - "смотри, но не трогай").

2. Заранее наберите водопроводной воды для отстоя.

- это должно быть сделано, как минимум за сутки до посадки рыбок. Наличие в водопроводной воде растворенного кислорода может убит рыбок. Хотя на практике все может и обойтись, особенно если использовать спец.средства для улучшения состава воды (например, Аквасейв из серии Тетра). But it is better not to risk, especially for the first time. Remember, an aquarium for beginners - the first launch of an aquarium should be carried out “according to a template”, later being experienced you can experiment, for example, if the volume of the aquarium is large and there is no place to defend the water, you can fill the installed aquarium with tap water and defend it, at least 1 day. With this method, need / desirable "Aquaseiv."

3. Now we run to the pet store and:

- we buy a pre-looked aquarium (corresponding to the chosen place).

- filter and aeration (must correspond to the volume of the aquarium).

- choose the soil and decor (artificial plants, stones, castles, snags, etc.).

- If it is winter in the yard, you still need an aqua heater.

- thermometer.

4. We proceed to the step-by-step installation of the aquarium:

- level the surface special furniture or furniture on which there will be an aquarium. To do this, buy the simplest water building level ($ 3 - then it will still come in handy on the farm). The fact is that aquarium water creates pressure on the walls of the aquarium. And any even a small angle of inclination creates a very tangible pressure on a separate wall (the pressure will not be uniform). What aquarium can "burst." Level the surface as carefully as possible. Only small deviations are allowed. For small aquariums - up to 35 litas, leveling the surface is not necessary.

- we establish an aquarium on a surface. A polyethylene bubble pad (usually sold with an aquarium) is laid between the aquarium and the surface. Ensure that the edges of the aquarium do not hang from the pedestal or furniture.

- now pour out and distribute the soil in the aquarium. It is advisable to wash it in advance after the pet store, thereby getting rid of excess dust and dirt.

- set the decor.

5. Fill the aquarium with separated water.

Not an easy job I can tell you, especially if the volume of the aquarium from 100l. (10 buckets).

Water is poured gently / slowly.

In order not to wash away the soil and not to scatter the scenery, I recommend to put some dishes or a can on the bottom. Directing a stream of water on the can, the water will spray and your decor and the soil will remain intact.

Fill the aquarium up to the top leaving, approximately, 5-7 cm from the edge.

6. Install filtering and aeration, run.

7. Now we run to the pet store again and buy long-awaited fish, snails, live plants ... don't forget to buy food (preferably wait at least seven days with this, the water should at least "infuse", aquarium chemistry accelerates this process: AquaSafe, Baktozim , Tetra NitratMinus Perls other).

8. Release the fish in your tank. The package with the fish is lowered first into the aquarium water, a little scooped into the package of water and kept in the aquarium for about 15 minutes (for adaptation). Then turn the bag over and release the fish.

THAT'S ALL!

In the future, all you need is attention and care for your pets.

And with them will gradually come experience!

Useful video about installing and running an aquarium

I hope my article was useful for you and your desire "I want to start an aquarium" has only increased. In parting, I want to say - do not be afraid and do not hesitate! Get an aquarium! Aquarium is great, and caring for it is much easier than for cats and especially for dogs)))
Dear newcomer of the aquarium world and a young aquarist, I recommend that you also read the following articles:
LAUNCH OF AQUARIUM
Aquarium for beginners
Aquarium decoration
Buying, purchasing and transplanting fish
Compatibility of aquarium fish selection and selection rules
AQUARIUM WATER: Part 1

List of all aquarium fish (A ...)
List of all aquarium plants (AO)
I WANT TO GO TO FISH: how to equip the first beautiful aquarium.
WHAT IS NECESSARY TO THE AQUARIUM: what to consider when choosing an aquarium and which fish to buy?
The most unpretentious aquarium fish, the smallest aquarium fish. Top 10 is not difficult fish!
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What kind of fish to have a novice aquarist?

In order for the fish to please their owners and to reveal the amazing underwater world to the aquarist, they need to provide comfortable conditions of detention. At the same time, they should feel safe and not be constrained in their movements.

Preliminary preparation before the acquisition of small fish

If you have never had an aquarium and no experience of keeping fish, then it is best to start fish that need minimal care and are not very demanding to the conditions of existence. This will avoid the death of your fish, as well as gain experience and knowledge in the content of the aquarium.

Many tropical fish require the maintenance of a certain water quality (hardness, acidity, temperature, etc.), the presence or absence of plants, a certain brightness of the light or its absence.

For unpretentious fish, the range of comfortable conditions is much wider, which allows them to be kept in a lower-quality environment. They are also less susceptible to negative factors (improper feeding, delayed water changes, etc.).

There are several determining factors when choosing a fish:

  • aquarium size;
  • selection and compatibility of different types of fish;
  • the size and temperament of the fish.

If you already have an aquarium, you need to determine what and how many fish you can fit into it. This will avoid overpopulation, which leads to unnecessary fights, oxygen starvation, eating predators of peace-loving fish.

Aquarium size

If you have enough space and money to install an aquarium of any acceptable size, as well as the necessary equipment to ensure the life of the fish, you can proceed to the next heading of this article.

If you are cramped in something, then you need to define your desires, given that small aquariums are much more difficult to maintain than large ones, but the latter require more time for maintenance. For example, a 100-liter aquarium will suit a novice aquarist better than a 50-liter aquarium.

A large aquarium is simpler and better kept for several reasons:

1. Water temperature and quality are more stable.

2. The impact of adverse factors on the fish takes longer, which gives the novice aquarist the opportunity to influence them in a timely manner. For example, in winter time, the water heater broke, the cooling process is slower and you can manage to get off and buy a new one before the fish get cold. Or ampularia died from old age in the thickets of a small aquarium, the water became dull, the smell appeared, fish began to die. In a large aquarium, this process will occur many times slower and you can remove the dead snail from the can without harming the fish.

3. In small aquariums there is little space for free swimming, and, accordingly, not every favorite decor can be placed in it.

4. Ample opportunities for design and decoration.

5. A large aquarium can hold a lot of large fish or a large number of small ones, it allows you to contain various types of fish.

With all the advantages of large aquariums, it is sometimes not possible to install it. Small aquariums are great for apartments, country houses or hostels, as well as for the second floors of private houses. Large aquariums weigh a lot, they are difficult to transport, take up more space, and in unforeseen circumstances cause more damage.

The biggest advantage of a small aquarium is a financial issue. Aquarium, equipment, scenery, soil, plants, the cost of electricity, the treatment of fish cost much less.

Before acquiring you need to properly assess the benefits of both large and small aquariums. Answer yourself the question: "How much aquarium would you like and is there a possibility to contain such a volume?" If finances are not important, and you do not often move, then the choice is obvious. And if you do not want or can not afford a large aquarium, then a small aquarium is what you need for you. In any case, the main thing - comfortable conditions for the maintenance of fish.


Selection and compatibility of different types of fish

In order to determine which fish you like, just read the literature, watch videos, go to a pet shop or to the bird market. Make a list of the types you like most.

This list should be a little more than you will purchase. Subsequently, it turns out that not all fish are suitable for your aquarium, some are incompatible with each other, parameters or temperature conditions will not work for others. But the abundance of species in the fish market will allow you to finally form a list of the inhabitants of your aquarium.

To understand how roomy a settled aquarium is, you need to carry out simple calculations. In various information sources they vary. Some are based on the oxygen demand of adult fish, given the surface area of ​​the water. Some cold-loving freshwater fish require 192 cm2 and tropical ones 64 cm2.

Other calculations averaged justify - one liter of water is needed per cm of body length of an adult individual (for example, you can run five fish of 4 cm each in a 20 l aquarium)

For a marine aquarium, for each fish 2.5 cm long at least six months old, 18 liters of water are needed, and for later age 9 liters.

Some fish species share the size of the aquarium geographically and protect their habitat from other representatives. This leads to a decrease in the number of inhabitants in it.

At the simultaneous maintenance of different species need to pay attention to even the acquisition of fish. The key to a good selection of pets for an aquarium is the following conditions:

  • similarity of climatic conditions (it is impossible to combine freshwater and saltwater fish, freshwater and brackish water bodies);
  • about the same hardness and acidity of water;
  • the same temperature;
  • similar conditions on the speed of flow, soil quality, the presence of thickets and shelters, lighting.
Fish are doing well in conditions as close as possible to their natural habitat.

When settling an aquarium, it is necessary to take into account the preferences of the species in relation to their location in the layers of the water column, and try to evenly distribute them.

The size and temperament of the fish matter

Important parameters for species compatibility are their size and temperament. Of course, it is impossible to contain predators and herbivores in one aquarium, otherwise the latter will become food. In the wild, larger fish eat smaller ones.

Even if you only have herbivorous fish, you need to check that the size of the smallest fish is larger than the largest mouth opening of the fish in the aquarium. This will avoid unnecessary casualties.

Certain fish are territorial and do not let other species close to their habitat. There can be many reasons:

  • suitable food supply,
  • the spawning ground arrangement (the couple who carry out the treasure jealously guard the nest),
  • the presence of water turbulence with optimal temperature parameters, etc.

Differences in species manifested in modes and methods of feeding. For example, somobraznye eat food from the bottom, petsliiliformnye - from the surface. Some kind of fast and agile, and some - slow and unhurried. Fish require different food, and if you do not like it, it is better to choose pets with the same way of feeding. If you do not follow the feeding regime, then some species will be hungry and others will be overfed, which will lead to a reduction in the life span of all inhabitants.

Often, fish are acquired that have not reached puberty, which leads to incorrect judgments about their temperament. Therefore, in order to fully determine whether this fish suits you, it must grow and be in comfortable conditions. Of course, if any representative is unnaturally pugnacious, cuts off fins or clogs other fish, it should be isolated.

Fish, the most suitable for beginners

This topic is hot and is discussed in many forums. There are many types of fish that require minimal maintenance. This allows you to choose the most suitable pets for each novice aquarist both in a variety of colors and in size. The aquarium can be equipped with beautiful relief and plants, and originality will give a contrast to the color of the fish.

Very often, beginners choose viviparous fish such as swordtails, plazii, guppies, mollies, etc. And this is an excellent choice. They have a good survival rate, are easy to maintain, are active, have a long lifespan and do not require strict conditions of detention.

There are some types that are ideal for beginners.

Guppy - fishes of the Petsiliev family, with a peace-loving character, calm and unhurried in behavior. Coloring is very diverse and beautiful. To the composition of the water does not impose requirements. Periodically you need to change the water. Viviparous Easily distinguished by sex. Males are much smaller, more beautiful and brighter. Omnivores. Overfeeding is not recommended. Easily tolerate a decrease in water temperature to 15 ° C.

Swordtails - Family Peziliye. Have more than 25 decorative varieties. In the male, the tail fin has the shape of a sword. Very beautiful fish that does not require special conditions and specific size of the aquarium. Viviparous, easily reproduce. When the fry appear, the parents should be moved to a free container to avoid eating the children.

Gourami - mobile fish, differing in an interesting spotty color, are curious. To other species of fish and inhabitants are tolerant. They can breathe not only air dissolved in water, but also oxygen directly on the surface. Black out.

Somics different external originality. Unpretentious, peaceful, eat any food from the bottom. Clean up the remnants of food uneaten by other inhabitants. Orderlies aquarium. Prefer bottom-living and easy to get along with other species.

Neon - Representatives of the Kharatsin, there are more than 150 species of fish. The most common among beginners are red and blue. The content is simple, undemanding to water. They love the space, the length of the aquarium should be at least 50 cm. Excellent jumpers, so you need to cover the surface of the water with glass or a lid.

Danio - schooling, bright, beautiful fish. Aquarium is needed with a length of at least 55 cm. Very mobile and like space. Requires regular water changes and good aeration. Great jumpers, so you need an aquarium with a lid or glass. Prefer good lighting and clear, clean water.

Barbusses - schooling fish. There is a huge variety of species (more than 200). In the schooling content of peace. Very active. It is not recommended to keep them with fish, the tail of which has thread-like or voile forms. They love floating plants.

gold fish - representative of the carp family. It is very popular, but it requires a large volume of aquarium (per adult of at least 35 liters of water). Prefers clear, clean water and requires its regular substitution. Very voracious, so you need to be careful with feeding. Prone to overeating.

Antsitrus - somobrazny, herbivore. Very good orderly, nibbles small shoots from the glasses of the aquarium. The oral opening resembles a suction cup. Males are distinguished by a large number of whiskers. Peaceful. It is recommended to feed tabletized plant spirulina.

Presents the most common, unpretentious, do not require special care fish that are suitable for beginners. But this does not mean that they do not need to be watched, to know their preferences, the temperature of the water, etc.

Tips from personal experience

  • When buying, it is better to purchase young and healthy fish (active, without external signs of disease).
  • Before launching into the aquarium, it is better to stand for 3-5 days in a separate container.
  • Buy better for 5-10 pieces, it will avoid same-sex.
  • You need to choose 2-3 kinds of fish. 1-2 basic, third extra. For example, mollies and gourami as the main species, and ancytrus as an additional. The first two types are active, mobile, well contrasted, and ancytrusians will be orderlies.
  • It is best to buy aquarium, equipment and fish in a bird market from one seller. He will remember you, and you can take his phone number without any problems and consult on unclear questions.

Reproduction and breeding of goldfish


Reproduction and breeding of goldfish

in aquarium

Goldfish is one of the most ancient aquarium fish. Their story begins with the first century of our Era and Ancient China. Even then, the emperors of the East and Buddhist monks began to maintain, breed and select goldfish.

Actually, therefore, at present there are a great many aquarium goldfish, and their cost can vary from 2 dollars to several thousand US.

So, if you want to feel like a true goldfish breeder, emperor or Buddhist monk, then this article is for you!


Breeding or breeding goldfish, is not a difficult task.

However, goldfish are not guppies and in order to get offspring you still have to work hard and be patient. In addition, you need to have a sufficient number of aquariums or ponds.


You can't get off with one aquarium!

Goldfish breed independently, without any hormonal injections or without creating too specific conditions. Actual, good maintenance and proper feeding is the criterion and incentive for spawning producers.All types of goldfish can spawn in aquariums of a small volume of 30 liters. However, better results can be achieved in larger aquariums or in ponds.

Spawning of goldfish can occur at a temperature of 16 degrees Celsius, but it is better to maintain the temperature of the aquarium water at a level of 22-24 degrees Celsius. After replanting manufacturers increase the temperature by 2 degrees. The water level in the spawning pond should be 20-25 centimeters, the water should often be replaced by fresh and purged.

Unlike many other spawning aquariums, spawning for goldfish should be well consecrated all light day. If it is a pond, then the sunlight should be diffused, and the pond should be equipped with shelters in the form of floating plants.

Producers are planted in a spawning aquarium in the ratio of 1 female to 2-3 males and richly fed with live food (bloodworms, earthworms, daphnia, ground meat with bread, etc.). At the same time they try to select manufacturers based on their size. Especially females - the bigger they are, the more eggs they sweep out. And vice versa - small females toss less eggs. They equip an aquarium with vegetation (such as a combo, riccia, duckweed, a peristist, etc.), and do not carpe the bottom of the aquarium - on a clean bottom the eggs retain and do not die, but some aquarists set up a separate grid. Sexual maturity in fish comes to a year of life. In this case, the males appear on the gills white bumps and the so-called "saw" on the front paired fins, and the females are growing stout with caviar, their body is bent. For more information, see: HOW TO DETERMINE THE FLOOR OF A GOLDEN FISH: A male and a female!

A female matured for breeding emits a special substance that has a characteristic odor and is particularly concentrated in the genital organs. Actually, this smell attracts males and is a signal of a female's readiness for reproduction. Under the influence of this secretion males begin to swim for females.

Under pond conditions, it is recommended to perform the above spawning manipulations in March – April, with the expectation that spawning will begin in May – June. It is believed that this is the most prosperous time for the successful ripening of caviar. In addition, at this time it is easier to provide the eggs and fry with the necessary comfort.

If the courtship of the males began earlier than March - April and the spawning should be delayed, the producers are seated and also the water temperature is lowered to the desired period (period).

The peak of reproduction of goldfish is accompanied by violent courtship of the males - they chase the female around the reservoir, and on the day of spawning, these courtships look like a frank pursuit.

Taking into account such features, the spawning aquarium is equipped with soft aquarium plants and not sharp decor (it is better without it at all). Otherwise, the fishes will sweep, and their fins will be torn after spawning.

The spawning begins with the first rays of the sun and lasts 6 hours. Spawning gold can every month until October. During one spawning, the female can sweep up to 3000 eggs. In the "home" spawning of goldfish can sometimes occur continuously - year-round. However, this leads to the exhaustion of manufacturers, and in this case they should be given rest, seated in different aquariums.

Photo Caviar Goldfish

Caviar ejection occurs gradually. - the female driven by the males touches the vegetation or the walls of the aquarium and releases 10-30 eggs, which the males immediately fertilize - watering the eggs with milt.

Then, sticky caviar falls to the bottom or sticks to the plants.

Eggs on the first day are slightly orange and slightly flattened, the diameter of eggs is up to 1.5 millimeters. On the third day, the eggs are straightened and discolored, in connection with which they are difficult to detect.

Immediately after spawning, the producers are removed from the spawning tank, otherwise the offspring will be eaten.

The water level in spawning caviar is reduced to 10-15 centimeters and protected from overheating and excessive sunlight (if it is a pond). Aquarium intensively aerated.

The appearance of fry from caviar depends on the water temperature. At a water temperature of 22-24 degrees Celsius - the incubation period is 4-5 days, but at a temperature of 14 degrees Celsius it can reach 7-8 days.

On the second day after the appearance of the young in the aquarium, it is recommended to launch snails (for example, coils) so that they eat the dead and not fertilized eggs. You can carefully assemble yourself, but it is more difficult than it seems. It is very important not to kill the young. At the same time, leaving the dead calf is fraught with - live larvae do not tolerate "dirt" and can get sick.

Young goldfish in the first days is weak and harmless, in fact it looks like a reed with eyes and a yolk vesicle in the middle (the yolk bubble is necessary for obtaining nutrients in the first days of life). Fry move in spurts and can stick to the stop.

After about 2-3 days, they begin to blithely float around the reservoir, and from this point on, the young need to be fed with starter feed: live dust, the finest alga, and other finely ground to feed dust. After 2 weeks, you can give larger feed. At the age of one month, juveniles are capable of taking small bloodworms. As a starter feed, they also use egg yolk finely ground in water, as well as the soaked oatmeal grated in the dust. The fry are fed abundantly, but in portions - little by little but often.

photo larva Golden Fish
1 day

We can recommend the following feed for young goldfish.

JBL GoldPearls mini is premium class granules, packaged in 100 ml.

It has a special recipe ideal for young fish. The diameter of the granulated feed 1-2 mm. Contains spirulina and carotenoids, which contribute to the development of good fish color, contain proteins (10%) from wheat germ, fatty acids.

After two weeks the fry are planted in a 30 liter aquarium at the rate of 250 fry per aquarium. Aquariums flush or replace water frequently. Without purging, it is recommended that 120 fry be planted per aquarium. So they contain up to 2 months of age, gradually sorting by size and reducing their number. Fry are caught not with a net, but with a saucer or other utensils. So they are easier to get and count.


Photo spawning hotbed for goldfish

Sorting carried out on the principle of rejection. Harvested juveniles with defects, juveniles lagging behind in growth, etc. In the end, get pedigree goldfish.

Defective and non-standard young, unfortunately kill. First, because it, as a rule, does not survive itself, and secondly, even if it survives, nothing good comes out of it. With its further content, you risk getting outbred offspring "bastards", but if you go further, then the fish just degenerate into goldfish.

At first, the scaled juveniles of goldfish have a silver-gray color, like the progenitor of the goldfish. Coloring appears only at the age of 3-5 months. To improve the brightness of the fish color, it is recommended that "sunbathing" light should be diffused. In an artificial reservoir, no shading is necessary, on the contrary, the aquarium is intensively illuminated with lamps. It is worth noting that the color of goldfish can vary in fact a lifetime.

Scaleless fry do not pass the aforementioned period of silver color and already at two weeks of age begin to turn into their final color.

Juveniles of goldfish are very capricious and prone to disease. To avoid mortality of offspring, you should regularly monitor the cleanliness of the aquarium, aeration and filtration. Constantly monitor the population - do not forget to settle as they grow.

When breeding goldfish need to strictly observe the species crossing. All goldfish can interbreed with each other (for example, veil tails with comets).

photo whitebait goldfish
1 month However, this will lead to degeneration and out-of-curry scrofula.

Summing up, you can make a short list of what you need for breeding goldfish:

- one-year-old males: 1 female, 2-3 males.

- aquariums: the main from 150 liters, spawning from 30 liters, aquarium for youngsters; (aquariums should be illuminated).

- aquarium soft-leaved plants;

- of course: aeration, filtration, thermostat;

- feed for fry;

- improvised aquarium equipment;

- suction water;

If you still have questions, you can ask them to our expert on fish breeding Vitaly Chernyavsky, HERE!

fanfishka.ru

Top 10 fish for a beginner aquarist

Quote of the message Юрий_Дуданов Read your entire quote book or community!
Top 10 fish for a beginner aquarist

Deciding what kind of fish to start first in your tank can be sudden, and can be thought out. Unfortunately, novice aquarists are often guided by the very first impulse, completely without understanding the fish. And then, instead of joy and pleasure, they get a headache and problems. You need to choose the fish wisely, because their life and your comfort depend on your choice. Before you go to the store or to the market, study all the available information about the fish that you liked.

And in order to make it easier for you to navigate, we have compiled a list of the best fish for beginning aquarists and briefly described them. All of them are distinguished by tolerance to conditions in an aquarium, peaceful nature, livability and modest size. We hope that it will help make your choice easier!

Male lalius

Guppy

Males of guppies of different breeds

A classic for any newcomer to aquarism is guppies. They are very unpretentious, livable, and just get divorced. It is very easy to distinguish males from females, males have a big tail, they are much brighter, and their anal fin is elongated. The females are larger, fuller and the anal fin is shorter, and most importantly - they are gray, only the tail fin can be colored. They are viviparous, which means - the fry immediately swim and are adapted to life. At one time, the female guppy can sweep from 10 to 60 fry. But if you leave the fry in the general aquarium, it will be eaten quickly, you need to catch the fry in a separate container. To breed them is very simple, it is enough to keep together the males and females.

Guppies eat all kinds of feed, can grow well on branded feeds - flakes, granules, and so on. It is worth noting that beginners are not recommended to start pedigree forms of guppy, because of the long mixing of blood, on the contrary, they have become capricious and difficult to maintain.

There is also a species of Endler's guppy. The differences between endlers are much smaller in themselves, the males are not veiled, much more nimble, the fry are born less at a time, but the fry themselves are larger and breed more often

Endler Guppy Male

Guppies in the aquarium:

Sword-bearers / Molly / Pocilia /

We will unite them in one group (swordtails / mollies / squares /), since they are very similar in behavior and content, although outwardly they are very different. Just like guppies, they are viviparous. And that means there will be no problems with the fry, he immediately swims, eats, hides. They are very simply divorced, the principle is the same as that of a guppy - just keep the males and females together. They are very bright and lively fish, you will not need to look for them to consider, on the contrary, they will always beg you for food. Tolerantly refer to various conditions in the aquarium and forgive mistakes that beginners often make. They eat all kinds of live, artificial, frozen feed. In general, they are similar to guppies in content, but outwardly larger, have a variety of color and body shape. As a precaution - do not buy a lot of male Swordtails in one aquarium, they can fight!

Petilia and mollies during feeding

Danio rerio

Danio rerio is a small (up to 5-6 cm), elegant fish. For its small size, peaceful disposition and unpretentiousness, it has earned great popularity in aquarium.

Since this is a schooling fish, it is better to keep at least 5-6 individuals. The aquarium can be planted with plants, but it is important that the danios have free space for swimming near the surface, as this is a very mobile fish. If you are going to have a veil form, do not plant them with fish that can tear off fins, for example, with a Sumatran barbus. The aquarium should be covered, as danios can jump out of the water.

Omnivorous, they eat any kind of feed - branded, live, frozen. It is better to feed them with flakes, as they pick up food from the surface of the water and they don’t collect them for a long time without sinking. It is very easy to breed danios, for once the female lays from 200 to 500 eggs.

Danio rerio

Cardinals

This is a very small (2.5-3 cm) and very unpretentious fish. At the same time, it is brightly colored, just divorced and completely non-aggressive, even the cardinals do not touch their fry. They tolerate cold water, some even keep them in the summer in a pond in the yard. They love to move in the middle layers, as well as love to gather in flocks. You need to keep them in small flocks, from 6 pieces. Although it is possible and large, with its modest size, the cardinals do not require large aquariums. With good content can live up to 3 years.

Cardinal

Aquarium with cardinals:

Corridors

These are small, mobile, beautiful and pack catfish. There are many different types of corridors, but the most popular are speckled catfish and golden catfish. All of them are similar in their behavior - living at the bottom, they are constantly looking for remnants of food, thereby cleaning the aquarium. They are very mobile, while remaining quite small, and carry the widest range of conditions. Any type of feed is suitable for feeding, but it is important to ensure that the feed falls to the bottom, and catfish do not stay hungry while other fish fill their bellies. It is best to feed the corridors with special food for catfish, they quickly sink, and falling to the bottom do not fall apart. It is better to keep the corridors in the flock, they like to live surrounded by relatives, and it is very interesting to watch them in the flock.

Speckled catfish

Wedge specks

Very beautiful and very small fish, which is perfect in the neighbors for all of the above fish. Grow up to 5 cm and very peaceful. Beautiful coloring, on which a black spot stands out (for which it got its name), its small size and peaceful disposition made it very popular. It is better to keep the cuneiform pack in a flock, and there should be enough free space in the aquarium for swimming. The flock rasbor keeps together and very much decorates any aquarium. You can feed a variety of feeds, it is only important not to give large ones, as it simply cannot swallow them.

Flock rasbor

Acantoftalmusy

This is one of the most unusual fish that even an inexperienced aquarist can see.

Related to the creeper, it somehow resembles a small snake. But it is not dangerous at all, and quite durable. Akantoftalmus often hides during the day, and in order for him to feel comfortable he needs shelters and soft soil in which he likes to dig. In soft ground, he is able to find and dig a buried moth, not to mention other feed. If there is sand in the aquarium, it will be buried in it with pleasure. So it helps to keep the aquarium clean, eating everything that falls to the bottom. You can feed him with any sinking feed, but additionally pour feed for catfish, better at night. Can escape from the aquarium, you need to cover it. The readers said that in the sand they could dig in stones, but I had never met with such a thing, mine definitely did not undermine anything.

Acantoftalmus

Akantoftalmus in the aquarium:

Lyalius

Fishes belong to the same genus - labyrinth. These fish live in water that is poor in oxygen and adapted to this by learning to breathe oxygen from the surface. You will see how they rise to it, that would take another breath of air. Small, peaceful, males are very brightly colored, and their ventral fins have turned into long processes. You can feed any feed, including floating. Only give the moth with care and a little, it is poorly digested.

Already after the publication of the article, my readers corrected. The essence - liliaus can be difficult for beginners (he is just a little flaky and jealous of females). I agree, and add that there is another wonderful fish of the same kind - gourami. There are many types, but for beginners a good choice would be marble gourami. Very hardy, peaceful, of unusual shape and color. It is generally similar to lyalius, but larger and less demanding. So you can stop at this gorgeous fish, and start up a little later.

Male lalius

Cherry Barbus

Peaceful, small fish, the males of which have a very bright color, for which they got their name. This is a schooling fish, so to keep a cherry barb is better from 5 pieces. But you will notice that he keeps loosely, gathering in a flock only in case of fright. The size of the cherry barb is small, the color of the males is bright red and very noticeable, the requirements for the content are low. This is a good fish to mention on our list.

A pair of cherry barbs

Antsistrus

Perhaps this is the largest fish from the list, grows about 15 cm, if the aquarium allows. But he earned his popularity for his unusual appearance, for clearing the aquarium and his stamina. Antsistrus is a catfish, but catfish is unusual, it lives in nature due to the fact that it combines algae and fouling. And his mouth turned into a suction cup, with which he scrapes it all. In the aquarium, he is a cleaner walls and decor. The males have unusual growths on the head, making it very memorable. Peaceful, but with other males can arrange fights. For him, it is important vegetable food, you need to feed special pills.

Ancistrus

Afterword

Of course this is not a complete list, and after thinking it can be increased significantly. But the task was to acquaint beginner aquarists.

Beginners, I recommend first to learn all about the fish that you liked, and choose first of all hardy, easy-care, and peaceful fish that get along well with others in the general aquarium.

a source

A series of messages "aquarium":
Part 1 - Oceanarium in St. Petersburg
Part 2 - Soil for the aquarium

Part 17 - Snail - the most unpretentious pet
Part 18 - How beautiful to arrange an aquarium!
Part 19 - Top 10 fish for a beginner aquarist

Madly I want to get the fish. where to begin?

Iris

Buy an aquarium (preferably not more than 70 liters), wash it with warm water without soap, fill it with tap water for three days (if you add a special conditioner, then a couple of hours will suffice).
Purchase soil (it is necessary to rinse), decorative elements to your taste, plants (I advise living, for example, anubias is not eaten parctically by fish). All fall asleep, plant, put.
Equip a filter with an aerator, a thermometer (maintain a temperature of approximately 20-28 degrees).
After about 2-3 days, you can run the fish.
For beginners - swordtails, mollies, danios-rerio, neon pterigoplichty, gold, Siamese algae, lineatusy.
Populate fish for every 2 cm fish - 1 liter of water.
Read the literature!

Mr. Corax

Forum aquarists read.
How to boil the soil, how to defend the water, how to pick up the plants, etc.
It's not so easy there.
But beautiful.
I have Rodak fans in my time from this (four aquariums of 400 liters each), a vivid memory of childhood.
=)

Kaletta

From studying the literature on the subject. Before buying fish, a biological balance should be established in the aquarium, the water should settle, the pH, hardness and temperature should be correct for this type of fish.

uratino

With the purchase of Aquarium
With transparent walls.
In order not to leak.
At the bottom, lay a layer of washed coarse river sand, washed river pebbles, pebbles, and so on.
Buy in the store algae and plant them in the sand.
Fill in the standing water (without chlorine).
Take care of such an aquarium for a month - so far without fish.
Learn to change the water.
You can buy an electric compressor to enrich the water with dissolved oxygen.
Then buy the fish.
Better guppy.
They are unpretentious.
Viviparous
Feed a pipe maker or small moth.
Dry food worse.
Live worms better.
By the way, worms also need to be stored in water and also to change their water.

Paul

So, if you decide to start an aquarium. Keep in mind that any aquarium requires care, but it gives in return a lot more positive emotions.
When choosing an aquarium, keep in mind that the larger it is, the more you need to care for it, clean it, etc. The newcomer really can cope with an aquarium up to about 80 liters. A larger aquarium will require you to be quite serious about aquarism.
Turning to the financial side of the issue, it should be noted that the equipment and the settlement of the aquarium (if it is a simple “glass box” itself) can take on average from 30% to 80% of its value. The lower limit in the price range is represented by aquariums with a capacity of 10-15 liters. Typically, such aquariums are already equipped with the necessary equipment (lighting, filter, etc.), and their value does not exceed 1500 p.
What is needed for the full "work" of the aquarium?
First you need a filter. A good filter can significantly stretch the intervals between cleaning the aquarium, in addition, it performs the function of saturating water with oxygen, which is vital for many species of fish.
Secondly, the lighting. Lighting is not at all necessary so that you can admire the fish, coming home late in the evening after work and turning on the backlight (although from an psychological point of view this is an important factor). Moreover, the fish themselves do not really need the light, and many do not like it at all. Light is necessary for plants. The function of the illuminators in the aquarium is performed by fluorescent lamps, which are mounted in the aquarium cover (it is better to purchase an aquarium already equipped with a cover with lamps). Conventional aquarium lighting is not suitable. In addition, the lighting should not work around the clock, otherwise the glass of the aquarium and the water itself will begin to acquire a greenish tint. That is why aquariums do not have close to the windows (or close from the light), and the lights are turned on so that the aquarium is intensively illuminated no more than 10 (but not less than 7) hours a day. If you don’t have enough time to monitor the illumination of the aquarium, you can purchase a special device that will do this automatically.
Thirdly, the heater and thermostat. These two devices are most often combined in one. This provides the ability to set the desired water temperature, after which the heater will automatically turn on if the temperature suddenly drops below a predetermined value. If the heater is without a thermometer, the latter will need to be purchased separately (this can be done for additional control of the automatic thermostat).
Fourth, the ground. Soil is also a necessary element of the aquarium, even if you do not have small fish that live in the bottom zone (for example, catfish). In addition, the soil - an important decorative element.
Fifth, plants. If you do not have a marine aquarium, the presence of plants in it for your fish would be desirable in any case. You can place live plants in an aquarium, or artificial ones. In the first case, the plants will grow and process various waste products of fish. In the second, they will not grow and will not process ... However, please note that some species of fish love to bite living plants, and this does not threaten artificial plants, and besides, they are absolutely undemanding to light. If you purchase a live plant, disinfect it before placing it in the aquarium. To do this, prepare a weak-weak solution of potassium permanganate at room temperature and place the plant for 10 minutes.
Remember that aquarium fish, which will make up the population of your aquarium, require a certain amount of attention. For example, some species are very sensitive to the hardness of water, its saturation with oxygen, temperature, etc. Inattention to one of these parameters can lead to the death of all fish of this species.

Polin

You can start with the simplest - it is a three-liter jar and unpretentious guppy fish. And dry food. To start. In the course, decide what will be needed. The water temperature for them is 18-20 degrees. We have an aquarium of 8 liters. Guppies and a rooster live.

Arisha

I've been a happy owner for a month) I share my conclusions:
An aquarium of at least 100 liters (the fish will want all sorts of different, the excitement will come necessarily, and the aquarium is small (for example, 50 liters) then there will be no place to put it, but it will want a large one. Well, of course if the living space allows). Yes, and take care of a big easier.
Select fish in advance, look what is sold in your pet store, read about them in the Internet (sellers will sell everything and everyone).
It is better to start an aquarium without chemicals (or to a kraynyak with the company aquarium pharmaceuticals), read on sites like. For example, with one catfish, nothing will happen to him (I’m talking about the nitrogen cycle), but it’s going to start in two weeks and more interesting than watching an empty can.
You will also need a filter with an aerator, a thermometer-heater will be needed (needed) when temperature drops will be (autumn, spring)
The soil scenery. Take a good company do not save, I took a different bjaku, now everything works somehow, and for fish the filter and the aerator is very important. Somik n the brocade perigoplicht is interesting because it floats even during the day, it does not hide, only promises to grow large. But I didn’t agree with the first guppy fish, so I started with cichlids - awesome fish-clever little girls - I have cichlids of yellow ciclids of Sedjik - they are excellent and interesting family men in the form. Because with unchecked live food you can bother the thread byaku. At the expense of care, in a month I was not only not for not only not tortured to look after 50l, but now I want 200-240. So joy and pleasure, even for care is enough. Happy swimming and good luck!

Ekaterina Dmitrievna

Interesting ... How many tips to buy "algae" ... For this one is already clear that people are clearly poorly educated in this topic.
Really, go first to some forum, read, ask. And then decide whether to start "some kind of green fish in 20 l" or to ensure the beauty and natural conditions in your tank. And more ... The maintenance and care of a small aquarium is much more complicated than a large one. Do not forget about the compatibility of fish.
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//my.mail.ru/community/akva-xobbi
//our-aquarium.ru/
//www.aqa.ru/
//www.tropica.ru/
Many groups in classmates, in contact, where you can help

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