Gold fish

Goldfish in an aquarium

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Goldfish: content at home

Goldfish, which marked the beginning of aquarism as such, are now, unfortunately, out of fashion. Professionals consider it uninteresting and not worthy of attention, and only a few connoisseurs and experts of this type remain. Therefore, the lot of most cinchons is kindergarten or hospital aquariums with plastic plants or a short life in a beautiful glass given to a person for the holiday, far from fish problems. Let us treat this beauty with the respect and interest that she deserves, and see what is necessary for her for a long and happy life near us.

How demanding are goldfish to conditions?

Opinions on this score are opposite. Some believe that this is a patient, practically unkillable, fish that survives in any conditions, suitable for beginners and people who do not want to invest in the aquarium a lot of effort and money. Others, on the contrary, argue that the content of gold must comply with a number of fairly tough conditions, and they are no doubt right. A goldfish should not be started by someone who is not ready to make efforts for its comfortable existence. And the most important condition for the maintenance of these fish is an aquarium of a sufficiently large volume.

Volume and shape of the aquarium

In Soviet literature of the last century in aquariums it is indicated that one goldfish should have 1.5-2 dm3 of water surface, or 7-15 liters of aquarium volume (15 liters per fish is considered to be a small landing density). This data migrated and in some modern tutorials. However, it should be noted that Soviet books were written about goldfish of domestic breeding, which for many generations lived in aquariums, and as a result of breeding were adapted to such conditions. At the present time, the vast majority of goldfish comes to us from China, Malaysia and Singapore, where they are massively bred in ponds. Accordingly, they are not adapted to life in small volumes of water, and even to a sufficiently spacious aquarium they need to be adapted, and a volume of 15-20 liters means death for them within a few days.

Experts who today work with goldfish brought from Asia have empirically established:

The minimum volume of an aquarium for one individual should be about 80 liters; in a smaller volume, an adult fish will simply have nowhere to move. For a couple - 100 l.

In large aquariums (200-250 l), with good filtration and aeration, the density of planting can be slightly increased, so that the volume of water is 35-40 liters per individual. And this is the limit!

Here, opponents of half-empty aquariums usually object that in zoos, for example, goldfish are very densely packed in aquariums and at the same time they feel great. Yes, indeed, this is the specificity of the exhibition aquariums. However, one should keep in mind that behind the frame there are several powerful filters with which this monster is equipped, the most severe schedule of water changes (up to half the volume daily or twice a day), as well as the regular ichthyopathologist veterinarian for whom there is always work.

Regarding the shape of the aquarium, the classical rectangular or with a slight curvature of the front glass is preferred, the length should be approximately twice the height. In the old Soviet literature it was stated that water should not be poured above the level of 30-35 cm, but as practice shows, this is not critical. Goldfish live well in higher aquariums, if they have the appropriate width and length (tall and narrow aquariums - screens and cylinders - are not suitable for keeping gold).


What types of fish are compatible gold?

The answer to this question is unequivocal - the best option would be a specific aquarium where only goldfish live. Moreover, even short-bodied and long-bodied gold lodging is often not recommended together, but representatives of other species of fish are out of the question. Either the neighbors will harass the scones, damaging their eyes and fins, or the neighbors themselves will be uncomfortable, as the aquarium with goldfish is a very peculiar habitat. In addition, small goldfish can simply swallow.

Water parameters, design and equipment of the aquarium

Goldfish comfortable with the following indicators of water:

  • temperature 20-23 °, for short-body forms slightly higher, 24-25 °;
  • pH of about 7;
  • stiffness not lower than 8 °.

The soil in the aquarium should be chosen so that the fish, digging into it, do not choke - its particles should be without sharp, protruding edges and either larger or much smaller than a fish mouth.

In the aquarium with goldfish must certainly be living plants. Consuming nitrogen, they have a positive effect on the ecological balance, are an additional substrate for bacteria performing biofiltration, and also serve as vitamin supplements for fish. Goldfish mercilessly dig in and gnaw plants, but this should not be the reason for refusing to populate the aquarium with lively greens.

Lemongrass, Anubias, cryptocoryne, Alterner, Bacopa, sagittaria, Javanese moss get along well with gold. It is recommended to plant the plants in pots so that the digging does not damage their roots. And as a top dressing, specifically give the fish a duckweed, Riccia, wolf, and a hornpole.

Mandatory good round-the-clock aeration. At a minimum, an aerator on the filter should be turned on; it is better to additionally have a compressor. If the aquarium has a high density of living plants, a powerful light and the supply of carbon dioxide is organized (in such conditions the leaves of the plants should be covered with bubbles of oxygen emitted by them), then the aerator is turned on only for the night.

In the design of the aquarium should not use large objects of decor - snags, grottoes, etc. Goldfish do not need shelter, but the fins of the valehvostoy, telescope eyes, growths about them are easy to injure, besides the shelters take up space for swimming.

Filtration and water changes

It is generally recognized that goldfish are a large biological load on an aquarium. Simply put, they are dirty, producing a huge amount of waste. Their habit of constantly rummaging in the ground, raising the dregs, also does not add cleanliness to the aquarium. In addition, goldfish excrement has a mucous consistency, and this mucus pollutes the soil and contributes to its rotting. Accordingly, in order to keep the water clean and transparent, a good round-the-clock filtration system is required.

The filter power should be at least 3-4 volumes of the aquarium per hour. The best option would be a canister external filter. If you can not buy it, and the volume of the aquarium does not exceed 100-120 liters, you can get by the internal filter - always with multiple sections and a compartment for ceramic filler.

Porous ceramics is a substrate for bacteria, which process poisonous ammonia released by fish into nitrites and then into much less toxic nitrates. In addition, the substrates for these bacteria, a stable amount of which is vital for the well-being of the aquarium, are soil and aquatic plants, especially small-leaved ones. Therefore, it is desirable to have a lot of plants, and the soil fraction should not be made too large.

In order for the colonies to not collapse when cleaning the aquarium, some rules must be observed: the filter sponges are washed in the aquarium water (the sponges are washed quite often, about once a week), the siphon of the soil is also weekly, done carefully, without mixing it layers, ceramic fillers for biofilters are always partially changed.

Even with high-quality filtration in an aquarium with goldfish, it is necessary to do weekly from a quarter to a third of the volume of the aquarium, and more often if the density of fish landing is violated. The fishes of this species tolerate fresh water well, so there is no need to defend it for more than a day.

Feed

Now that we have dealt with the main, most difficult and costly content of goldfish, we can talk about how and what to feed them.

They are usually fed twice a day, giving the amount of food that fish are able to eat within 3-5 minutes. Dry flakes and granules are recommended to alternate with vegetable food - spinach leaves, lettuce, boiled vegetables and cereals, fruits (orange, kiwi). Sometimes you can feed pieces of meat or liver, as well as frozen motils. It is necessary to take into account that the pellets of dry food should be soaked for 20-30 seconds in aquarium water, and thawed frozen food before giving them to fish. Very useful regular feeding live daphnia, which you can grow at home. In addition, as mentioned above, it is always better to have special food plants in an aquarium. Once a week, fasting days are arranged.

Diseases

Diseases of goldfish are a subject for a separate article, but here we briefly consider only signs that may indicate that the fish are sick or have severe discomfort:

  • loss of appetite;
  • lowered dorsal fin;
  • bulging scales, red or black spots that quickly appear, ulcers, rashes, mucous or cotton-like plaque;
  • distended abdomen and bulging eyes stronger than usual;
  • unnatural behavior: the fish stays in the corner of the aquarium for a long time, lies at the bottom, rolling over on its side, or swims near the surface, swallowing air from it;
  • rolling over while swimming.

It should be noted that with proper maintenance of health problems in goldfish are quite rare. If you initially create good conditions for these animals (a spacious aquarium with live plants and powerful filtration), then care of them will be available to the beginner or even to the child, and for many years they will delight their owner with bright appearance and funny behavior.

What are goldfish, you can learn from the video:

Gold Aquarium Fish

Despite the huge number of breeds of domestic fish, golden aquarium fish are considered to be their kings, to which the article is dedicated.

Legendary breed requires a special relationship to yourself - you need to know the features of feeding and care. Consider these questions, but first a little history ...

Goldfish: Start

This fish appeared more than fifteen centuries ago, in ancient China. The Chinese domesticated the goldfish and as a result, golden aquarium fish appeared. Very soon, these fish appeared in the garden ponds of Chinese nobility.
After some time, and the Koreans began to breed this fish.

Then the fish began its triumphal procession, or rather swimming, to the West. She reached Russia in the middle of the 18th century.

Some general information

The main colors of gold aquarium fish are:

  • pale pink and red;
  • white and yellow;
  • fiery red and dark bronze;
  • black and black and blue;

The body of the fish is slightly compressed from the sides and has an elongated shape. If you provide special conditions, the fish can grow up to 30-35 centimeters, although in domestic aquariums its size is much more modest.

Contain goldfish is not as easy as it seems at first glance. The capacity of the aquarium should be at least fifty liters. It should be noted that with an increase in the capacity of the aquarium, you can slightly condense the "demographics" - you can settle two fish in the metropolitan aquarium, if the volume of the aquarium is 150 liters, then 4 fish can live in it and so on.

But in this case there is an important nuance - it is necessary to organize an intensive filtration and change the water more often. It is best not to experiment - the fish are very gentle and will easily die if "overpopulation" occurs in the aquarium.

At the bottom of the aquarium need soil from coarse sand or pebbles. The aquarium should give the fish plenty of room to move and there should be plants with hard large leaves and a strong root system, such as elodea, sagittaria, vallyssneria, etc.

A good fact is that goldfish can live peacefully in the aquarium with other fish. The main thing that the neighbors were calm.

Natural lighting, good water filtration and aeration are the main conditions, without which it is impossible to ensure a quiet life for goldfish in an aquarium.

By the way, short-bodied fish, such as a telescope or a tailtail, need more water than long-bodied (comet, ordinary goldfish and shubunkin), with an equal body length.

Optimal conditions of detention

Let's take a closer look at how to keep your live "gold" in an aquarium.

Proper maintenance of goldfish in an aquarium begins with good soil. As mentioned above, suitable pebbles, coarse sand and a fraction of gravel, the size of 3-5 millimeters. True, the fish love to sort through the faction in the mouth, so there is a risk that the fish will choke. So the fraction should be very small or, on the contrary, very large. Do not forget to install a filter that provides cleaning the soil.

When the content of goldfish there is one major problem - the pollution of the aquarium. Not only do the fishes pretend to be mole-diggers, they also have to get rid of waste. As a result, the water is polluted and, in order to avoid a bad end, you need a quality internal filter.

It is advisable to install an external filter to ensure biofiltration. Although this condition is not mandatory, but the external filter will help save space in the aquarium for your fish, and it should be cleaned less often.

When buying a filter (both internal and external), pay attention to the performance - it should be at least three or four volumes of the aquarium per hour.

You also need a heater to keep the temperature within 22-25 C. However, with heating you should not be zealous, otherwise you will do your pet a disservice - in warm water the fish age very quickly.

For the safe keeping of goldfish, a compressor is needed, otherwise they will experience "oxygen starvation", because this species needs a lot of oxygen in the water.

And finally, the last important element - the UV sterilizer, which will destroy the parasites. We will talk about illnesses a bit later.

Finished with the technical equipment of the aquarium, move on to the plants. Fish will live well in an aquarium in which live plants grow. Plants are beneficial for at least three reasons:

  1. They improve the ecological situation in the aquatic environment.
  2. Help fight algae.
  3. They are an excellent "supplement" to the diet of your goldfish - dilute their diet and supply them with beneficial vitamins.

However, some fish owners are afraid that the bitten plants will spoil the picture in the aquarium, make it a kind of post-apocalyptic place. Such people may be advised to plant lemongrass, anubias, echinodorus or any other plant with hard leaves. A double effect will be achieved - and your pets are well, and the ecological situation does not cause concern.

Fish health

All the owners of aquariums are very concerned about the disease of goldfish, because such delicate creatures can easily die if you do not take appropriate measures.

To understand whether a fish is sick or not, you need to pay attention to its mobility, appetite, brightness of color and shine of scales.

The dorsal fin also tells about health problems - if the fish does not hold it vertically, then something is wrong. A plaque that has appeared on the body or formations that have suddenly arisen are a signal that the matter has already gone far.
When these signs appear, you must immediately isolate the sick fish from the rest. Sick fish should be placed in a large aquarium with salt water - the concentration is 20 grams of salt per liter of clean tap water. Water temperature should not exceed 18 With. Keep the fish in the aquarium for three days, while changing the solution every day.

Here is a list of common goldfish diseases:

  1. Scale clouding followed by scabies. It is necessary to immediately change all the water;
  2. If hyphae appear in the fish - white strings perpendicular to the body, then it has ringworm or simply a fungus. Immediately take action, otherwise the hyphae will sprout inside the body and the fish will fall to the bottom, but it will not float;
  3. Fishpox is called multi-colored tumors (white, pinkish, gray), occupying the skin and fins. Tumors are not a threat, but badly spoil the beauty of the fish and are not treatable;
  4. Dropsy with subsequent sepsis is a terrible threat to goldfish. The chance to save the fish is only at the initial stage of the disease, when the patient is “resettled” into running water and bathed in a solution of potassium permanganate every other day for a quarter of an hour;
  5. If you feed the fish with bad food, or feed them for a long time with dried daphnia, bloodworms and gammarus, their stomach will quickly become inflamed;

In addition to these diseases of goldfish, there are still many ailments, so it is best to consult a specialist in the issue of disease prevention.

Goldfish - Golden Palace!

Making an aquarium of pure gold, of course, is unprofitable, but you need to take care of the design. This fish and apartments are needed to match!

However, the design of the aquarium should be carefully thought out, otherwise the pets will have a bad time. For example, luxurious underwater castles and grottoes will be a danger to them - they can damage their eyes, fins, or be injured in some other way.

If the desire to have an originally designed aquarium does not give the owner peace of mind, then the best solution would be to consult with knowledgeable people. Можно дать лишь общий совет по поводу аквариума - он должен быть большим, не менее 100 литров. За большим аквариумом легче ухаживать, к тому же в нем спокойно приживется несколько рыбок.A cheerful flock of goldfish decorates the aquarium much better than the most elegant design, invented by the master.

And the Lord said, "Be fruitful and multiply."

Consider the reproduction of goldfish.

If the owner can provide good conditions in the aquarium, the fish will reach sexual maturity by the second year of their lives.

When the spawning period is approaching, you need to help your pets. For this you need to give them more live food than they usually get.

In order for breeding to take place without a hitch, you need to prepare an aquarium of at least 70-80 liters. The necessary conditions:

  • water layer should be about 20-30 centimeters;
  • in the aquarium should be a lot of small-leaf plants;
  • water temperature should be kept in the range of 22 Co to 26 Co;
  • constant filtration and aeration of water;

Three fish - a female and two males participate in spawning, and the process lasts 5-6 hours. Then the males must be removed, otherwise they will not destroy the clutch. This is the difficulty of breeding goldfish.

Larvae will appear in three or four days, and in another two or three days they will become fry.

When breeding goldfish is very important that all participants are healthy.

Road Tips

Here are a few recommendations that will make caring for goldfish effective.

No need to overfeed the goldfish. This fish does not know the measures and can easily overeat, which will affect its health. Do not feed more than it eats in three minutes.

You need to regularly check the water for levels of nitrite, ammonium, pH and nitrates. Acceptable levels of pH and nitrates are considered to be 8 and 40, respectively. Ammonium and nitrite should not be present in water at all!

Accurately following the advice given in the article, you can achieve excellent results: a cheerful flock will revive the room, and cheer people up, and caring for goldfish will turn from routine duty into an interesting activity.

Goldfish family


Carassius auratus

Goldfish are artificial, breeding forms of Chinese goldfish, which belongs to the KIND of crucians and the carp family!

Comfortable water temperature: 18-23 ° C.

Ph: 5-20.

Aggressiveness: 5% are not aggressive, but they can bite each other.

Compatibility: with all peaceful and non aggressive fish.

Description:

Golden, or Chinese, crucian carp in nature lives in Korea, China and Japan.

The goldfish was bred in China more than 1,500 years ago, where it was bred in ponds and garden ponds on the estates of nobles and wealthy people. For the first time, a goldfish was imported to Russia in the middle of the 18th century. Currently, there are many varieties of goldfish.

The color of the body and fins is red-golden, the back is darker than the abdomen. Other types of color: pale pink, red, white, black, black and blue, yellow, dark bronze, fiery red. A goldfish has an elongated body, slightly compressed from the sides. Males can be distinguished from females only during the spawning period, when the female's belly is rounded, and the males on the pectoral fins and gills develop a white “rash”.

For the maintenance of goldfish, an aquarium with a capacity of at least 50 liters per specimen is best suited.. Short-bodied goldfish (voiletails, telescopes) require more water than long-bodied (simple goldfish, comet, shubunkin), with the same body length.

With an increase in the volume of the aquarium, the planting density can be slightly increased. In particular, in the volume of 100 l you can settle two goldfish (you can have three, but in this case it will be necessary to organize a powerful filtration and make frequent water changes). 3-4 individuals can be planted in 150 l, 5-6 in 200 l, 6-8 in 250 l, etc. This recommendation is relevant if we are talking about fish of at least 5-7 cm in size without taking into account the length of the tail fin.

A special feature of the goldfish is that it loves to rummage in the ground. As the soil is better to use coarse sand or pebbles, which are not so easily scattered fish. The aquarium itself should be spacious and species, with large-leaved plants. Therefore, in an aquarium with goldfish, it is better to plant plants with hard leaves and a good root system.

In the general aquarium, goldfish can be kept along with calm fish. The necessary conditions for the aquarium are natural light, filtration and aeration.

Water characteristics: temperature can vary from 18 to 30 ° C. The optimum should be considered in the spring-summer period 18 - 23 ° С, in the winter - 15 - 18 ° С. The fish tolerate a salinity of 12-15%. If you feel unwell fish in the water, you can add salt, 5-7 g / l. It is advisable to regularly replace part of the volume of water.

Goldfish are unpretentious regarding feed. They eat quite a lot and willingly, so remember that it is better to underfeed the fish than to overfeed them. The amount of food given daily should not exceed 3% of the weight of the fish. Adult fish are fed twice a day - early in the morning and in the evening. Feed is given as much as they can eat in ten to twenty minutes, and the remnants of uneaten food should be removed. It is necessary to include both live, and vegetable food in their diet. Adult fish that receive proper nutrition can endure a week-long hunger strike without harm. It must be remembered that when fed with dry food, they should be given in small portions several times a day, because when they get into a wet environment, in the fish's esophagus, it swells up, increases significantly in size and can cause constipation and disruption of the normal functioning of the digestive organs of the fish, the consequence of which may be the death of the fish. To do this, you can first hold the dry food for some time (10 seconds - flakes, 20-30 seconds - granules) in water and only then give them to the fish. When using specialized feeds you can improve the color of the fish (yellow, orange and red).

Feeding any aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

Long-bodied goldfish are durable, with good conditions of maintenance can live up to 30 - 35 years, short-term - up to 15 years.

An interesting video story about goldfish

ALL TYPES OF FAMILY OF GOLDEN FISHES
Heavenly eye or astrologer
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Astrologer or celestial eye
Water eyes
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Water eyes
Vualekhvost or Fantail
Photos with a voilehvost here
Pearl
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Pearl
Comet
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Comet
Oranda
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Oranda
Ranchu
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Ranchu
Shubunkin
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Shubunkin
Telescope
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Telescope
Livinogolovka
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Lionhead
Ryukin
Vakin Article on species with photos here: ALL TYPES OF GOLDEN FISHES


fanfishka.ru

Who do goldfish get along with in the aquarium

The compatibility of goldfish with other types of fish is one of the necessary conditions for their harmonious life in a home aquarium. From the correct compatibility depends on the health of the fish, behavior, life expectancy. Before determining with which species of fish the content of goldfish is possible, many observations were made that began in the Middle Ages. Since the goldfish (lat. Carassius auratus) is one of the oldest aquarium pets, compatibility has long been tested, which allows settling it with other fishes without experience.


What affects compatibility?

  1. Decorative varieties of goldfish are very large creatures with a body size of 20 cm in length and more, therefore, a successful maintenance requires a reservoir with a volume of 50-80 liters per individual.
  2. This type of fish is slow and graceful, so more active neighbors will disturb them.
  3. "Cinderella" love to plow the ground, looking for food in it or digging up plants. Such a habit is common to all, so the water will become dirty and muddy in a short time. Fish that love crystal clear water will suffer.
  4. They are omnivorous - they eat live, frozen, vegetable food. Diet with neighbors in the aquarium should be the same.
  5. Goldfish can eat very small fish. As representatives of the carp family, they borrowed from their ancestors a tendency to eat small animals.
  6. Compatibility is also affected by their variegated, beautiful color, as well as lush and long fins. Content is not allowed with those species who are not averse to nibbling their sumptuous tail.

See how goldfish coexist with macrognatus, labo and thoracatum.

With whom is settlement possible?

Of course, the maintenance of goldfish is possible with representatives of the carp family. An important point - the fish of this family prefer cool water, not higher than 24 degrees Celsius (° C). Next to certain types of carp goldfish will look spectacular, and there will be less conflicts with relatives. Therefore, the optimal care of the fish will be provided by the same conditions of detention. Among the successful neighbors can be: Labo, danios, koi carps, crucians.

As for carp, koi is a wonderful fish, often grown in decorative ponds as an exhibition "exhibit". He will not offend a goldfish, but his appearance is so self-sufficient that it is better to settle it separately. As for the other fish of the carp family, they do not get along with the barbs, "zolotushki" races. The reason - these neighbors can become either predators for golden fish, or their prey.


Decorative catfish - small corridors and catfish - good neighbors for ornamental fish. They live in the lower layers of water, so they don’t bother anyone, but peacefully collect leftover food from the bottom, clean it of dirt, which is very much after a goldfish. However, one has to be careful - catfish are sluggish creatures, which can irritate a golden fish. You should not settle with catfish antsistrusami, they are an exception. The ancistrus is large in size, and the lush fins of the beauties can slam.

All breeds of Carassius auratus: voile tails, Veikins, Shubunkins, telescopes, Riukins, will quietly cohabit in a common reservoir. They are the same parameters of the aquatic environment, which simplifies the care of these fish. However, there is a lack in such a neighborhood - crossing may occur between some adult fish, and they will bring hybrid offspring. This is fraught with a distortion of the characteristics of the breed, which was taken for years. The constant crossing of different breeds will lead to the fact that in one generation of descendants fish will appear that are no different from river carp.

See how goldfish with angelfish behave in an aquarium.

It is better to settle Carassius auratus alone - and so she is self-sufficient, is the queen of aquariums. Caring for one goldfish does not give you trouble. But if you want to take a chance - you can settle it with other fish, but watch out for the consequences. Sometimes all pets get along fine, but there are exceptions.

Who does not need to settle?

Representatives of the Kharatsinov family are not ideal neighbors for "cinchies". Neons, tetras, rhodostomuses, minors are small fish that carp can easily eat. They may get used to each other at the age of young, but later irreversible consequences will occur. But if you plan to settle goldfish not with small, but with large tetras - diamond or congo, then this neighborhood will be successful.

Labyrinth fish - not suitable as neighbors for ornamental goldfish. The first reason - labyrinths (gourami, lyalius) love warm water more than cool water. The second reason is that the labyrinth live an active way of life; they can engage in fights with veil-tailed fish, touching their fins. Theoretically, the compatibility of the Cinderella with the Ktenopome is possible, but it floats in the lower layers of the water, and the annoying neighbor with a long tail may simply not like her.

Cichlids - settlement in one aquarium is impossible due to the difference in temperature regimes of content and nature peculiarities. Cichlids are territorial fish, rather large and sometimes aggressive. Habitat cichlids are tropical regions of the globe, where the water is warm and clean. Goldfish are the descendants of freshwater crucian carp that inhabit temperate latitudes. Therefore, such a neighborhood for both species will be unusual. Because of this, compatibility with scalars is also unacceptable.

Reproduction and breeding of goldfish


Reproduction and breeding of goldfish

in aquarium

Goldfish is one of the most ancient aquarium fish. Their story begins with the first century of our Era and Ancient China. Even then, the emperors of the East and Buddhist monks began to maintain, breed and select goldfish.

Actually, therefore, at present there are a great many aquarium goldfish, and their cost can vary from 2 dollars to several thousand US.

So, if you want to feel like a true goldfish breeder, emperor or Buddhist monk, then this article is for you!


Breeding or breeding goldfish, is not a difficult task.

However, goldfish are not guppies and in order to get offspring you still have to work hard and be patient. In addition, you need to have a sufficient number of aquariums or ponds.


You can't get off with one aquarium!

Goldfish breed independently, without any hormonal injections or without creating too specific conditions. Actual, good maintenance and proper feeding is the criterion and incentive for spawning producers. All types of goldfish can spawn in aquariums of a small volume of 30 liters. However, better results can be achieved in larger aquariums or in ponds.

Spawning of goldfish can occur at a temperature of 16 degrees Celsius, but it is better to maintain the temperature of the aquarium water at a level of 22-24 degrees Celsius. After replanting manufacturers increase the temperature by 2 degrees. The water level in the spawning pond should be 20-25 centimeters, the water should often be replaced by fresh and purged.

Unlike many other spawning aquariums, spawning for goldfish should be well consecrated all light day. If it is a pond, then the sunlight should be diffused, and the pond should be equipped with shelters in the form of floating plants.

Producers are planted in a spawning aquarium in the ratio of 1 female to 2-3 males and richly fed with live food (bloodworms, earthworms, daphnia, ground meat with bread, etc.). At the same time they try to select manufacturers based on their size. Especially females - the bigger they are, the more eggs they sweep out. And vice versa - small females toss less eggs. They equip an aquarium with vegetation (such as a combo, riccia, duckweed, a peristist, etc.), and do not carpe the bottom of the aquarium - on a clean bottom the eggs retain and do not die, but some aquarists set up a separate grid. Sexual maturity in fish comes to a year of life. In this case, the males appear on the gills white bumps and the so-called "saw" on the front paired fins, and the females are growing stout with caviar, their body is bent. For more information, see: HOW TO DETERMINE THE FLOOR OF A GOLDEN FISH: A male and a female!

A female matured for breeding emits a special substance that has a characteristic odor and is particularly concentrated in the genital organs. Actually, this smell attracts males and is a signal of a female's readiness for reproduction. Under the influence of this secretion males begin to swim for females.

Under pond conditions, it is recommended to perform the above spawning manipulations in March – April, with the expectation that spawning will begin in May – June. It is believed that this is the most prosperous time for the successful ripening of caviar. In addition, at this time it is easier to provide the eggs and fry with the necessary comfort.

If the courtship of the males began earlier than March - April and the spawning should be delayed, the producers are seated and also the water temperature is lowered to the desired period (period).

The peak of reproduction of goldfish is accompanied by violent courtship of the males - they chase the female around the reservoir, and on the day of spawning, these courtships look like a frank pursuit.

Taking into account such features, the spawning aquarium is equipped with soft aquarium plants and not sharp decor (it is better without it at all). Otherwise, the fishes will sweep, and their fins will be torn after spawning.

The spawning begins with the first rays of the sun and lasts 6 hours. Spawning gold can every month until October. During one spawning, the female can sweep up to 3000 eggs. In the "home" spawning of goldfish can sometimes occur continuously - year-round. However, this leads to the exhaustion of manufacturers, and in this case they should be given rest, seated in different aquariums.

Photo Caviar Goldfish

Caviar ejection occurs gradually. - the female driven by the males touches the vegetation or the walls of the aquarium and releases 10-30 eggs, which the males immediately fertilize - watering the eggs with milt.

Then, sticky caviar falls to the bottom or sticks to the plants.

Eggs on the first day are slightly orange and slightly flattened, the diameter of eggs is up to 1.5 millimeters. On the third day, the eggs are straightened and discolored, in connection with which they are difficult to detect.

Immediately after spawning, the producers are removed from the spawning tank, otherwise the offspring will be eaten.

The water level in spawning caviar is reduced to 10-15 centimeters and protected from overheating and excessive sunlight (if it is a pond). Aquarium intensively aerated.

The appearance of fry from caviar depends on the water temperature. At a water temperature of 22-24 degrees Celsius - the incubation period is 4-5 days, but at a temperature of 14 degrees Celsius it can reach 7-8 days.

On the second day after the appearance of the young in the aquarium, it is recommended to launch snails (for example, coils) so that they eat the dead and not fertilized eggs. You can carefully assemble yourself, but it is more difficult than it seems. It is very important not to kill the young. At the same time, leaving the dead calf is fraught with - live larvae do not tolerate "dirt" and can get sick.

Young goldfish in the first days is weak and harmless, in fact it looks like a reed with eyes and a yolk vesicle in the middle (the yolk bubble is necessary for obtaining nutrients in the first days of life). Fry move in spurts and can stick to the stop.

After about 2-3 days, they begin to blithely float around the reservoir, and from this point on, the young need to be fed with starter feed: live dust, the finest alga, and other finely ground to feed dust. After 2 weeks, you can give larger feed. At the age of one month, juveniles are capable of taking small bloodworms. As a starter feed, they also use egg yolk finely ground in water, as well as the soaked oatmeal grated in the dust. The fry are fed abundantly, but in portions - little by little but often.

photo larva Golden Fish
1 day

We can recommend the following feed for young goldfish.

JBL GoldPearls mini is premium class granules, packaged in 100 ml.

It has a special recipe ideal for young fish. The diameter of the granulated feed 1-2 mm. Contains spirulina and carotenoids, which contribute to the development of good fish color, contain proteins (10%) from wheat germ, fatty acids.

After two weeks the fry are planted in a 30 liter aquarium at the rate of 250 fry per aquarium. Aquariums flush or replace water frequently. Without purging, it is recommended that 120 fry be planted per aquarium. So they contain up to 2 months of age, gradually sorting by size and reducing their number. Fry are caught not with a net, but with a saucer or other utensils. So they are easier to get and count.


Photo spawning hotbed for goldfish

Sorting carried out on the principle of rejection. Harvested juveniles with defects, juveniles lagging behind in growth, etc. In the end, get pedigree goldfish.

Defective and non-standard young, unfortunately kill. First, because it, as a rule, does not survive itself, and secondly, even if it survives, nothing good comes out of it. With its further content, you risk getting outbred offspring "bastards", but if you go further, then the fish just degenerate into goldfish.

At first, the scaled juveniles of goldfish have a silver-gray color, like the progenitor of the goldfish. Coloring appears only at the age of 3-5 months. To improve the brightness of the fish color, it is recommended that "sunbathing" light should be diffused. In an artificial reservoir, no shading is necessary, on the contrary, the aquarium is intensively illuminated with lamps. It is worth noting that the color of goldfish can vary in fact a lifetime.

Scaleless fry do not pass the aforementioned period of silver color and already at two weeks of age begin to turn into their final color.

Juveniles of goldfish are very capricious and prone to disease. To avoid mortality of offspring, you should regularly monitor the cleanliness of the aquarium, aeration and filtration. Constantly monitor the population - do not forget to settle as they grow.

When breeding goldfish need to strictly observe the species crossing. All goldfish can interbreed with each other (for example, veil tails with comets).

photo whitebait goldfish
1 month However, this will lead to degeneration and out-of-proportion scrofula.

Summing up, you can make a short list of what you need for breeding goldfish:

- one-year-old males: 1 female, 2-3 males.

- aquariums: the main from 150 liters, spawning from 30 liters, aquarium for youngsters; (aquariums should be illuminated).

- aquarium soft-leaved plants;

- of course: aeration, filtration, thermostat;

- feed for fry;

- improvised aquarium equipment;

- suction water;

If you still have questions, you can ask them to our expert on fish breeding Vitaly Chernyavsky, HERE!

fanfishka.ru

COMPATIBILITY OF GOLDEN FISHES



COMPATIBILITY OF GOLDEN FISHES
WITH OTHER FISH SPECIES

Compatibility issue Goldfish (Carassius) on the one hand, it is rather simple, but on the other it is complicated, and this is due to a number of specific nuances that are characteristic of this particular family of aquarium fish.

I think this topic should start with the fact that ALL BREEDS OF GOLDEN FISHES were obtained as a result of millennial selection. Therefore, the Voilehvost, Orandy, Telescopes, Shubunkins and others are artificially bred breeds, which, in fact, were obtained from one ancestor - silver carp.

Therefore, if we talk about the intraspecific compatibility of Goldfish, that is, the possibility of sharing, for example, telescopes and koi carps in an aquarium or a pond, then this coexistence takes place - all types of Goldfish are absolutely compatible with each other. But, HERE THERE ARE ONE BUT! Since all the Scrofula are from the same tribe, they are in the same reservoir, they will interbreed with each other, resulting in "bastards" or if you want mutants - outbred hybrids. Taking into account the experiments, such a joint residence leads to degeneration and the transformation of the fish back into a crucian.

Therefore, if you plan to get offspring and breed Goldfish, then their species content in the general body of water - PROHIBITED!

Before the discussion, the specific compatibility of Goldfish with other fish. It should be noted that Goldfish are large, slow, slow-moving fish. And this specifics should definitely be fat. For example, if you keep the Veiltails in a small aquarium with others, whether they are the most peaceful fish, all the same, over time, the fish will die, since the lack of free space - standards of maintenance, will do its job and the fish will simply “gnaw”.

In addition, when discussing the compatibility of any species of fish, it should be borne in mind that a single fish taken has its own character. In this connection, even observing all aquarium compatibility rules, you can get a negative result. In order to maximize this factor, it is always recommended to plant different fish with young and at the same time, rather than gradually add new ones to old ones.

Now let's look at the compatibility of Goldfish with specific species of other fish.

Goldfish and Cichlids: Astronotus, Angelfish, Discus, Akara, Apistograms, Parrots, Tsikhlazymy: diamond, black-striped, Severum and other cichlids.

Such a union, alas, is not possible. All the fish of the cichlid family are aggressive and will not give life to the golden fish. Astronotus generally perceives Gold as a good live snack.

Therefore, to keep them together is strictly contraindicated, even with small cilida.

Somehow, I tried to combine veil eyelids with Goldfish, but alas, they had to be planted in the future. Despite the fact that the veil scalars are slow and somewhat similar to gold, all the same, after a couple of days, races began throughout the aquarium.

So, I recommend not experimenting - this is wasted time and money!

Goldfish and Tetras: neons, minors, ternistus, pulcher, lanterns, glass tetras, congo and other characteristic fish.

Here the situation is fundamentally opposite. All tetras are so peaceful fish that their union with Goldfish will be a wonderful variety of fish in your aquarium. One, but !!! When Goldfish grow up, they may burst into small tetras, therefore it is better to take “large” Kharacin fishes, for example, ternets or Congo, to Zolotuha.

Goldfish and Labyrinth: all gourami, lyalius, macrapods dr.

I do not even know what to say to you. On the one hand, they are compatible, but on the other hand they are not. This is due to the fact that the labyrinth, in particular gourami, very unpredictable fish and each individual gourami has its own character.

So that it is clear, I will give an example from my experience. Once upon a time, when I started my first aquarium of 35 liters and stuffed a bunch of fish there, including two marble gouramies, the latter were like mice, did not touch anyone and coexisted peacefully in the “little hostel”. But when one day I planted another blue gourae into a large aquarium, he made such a riot that it was bad even for small cichlid. I had to take her back to the pet store.

At the same time, lyalius - these are scared fish, I have no experience, but I think that it will be bad for them with Goldfish.

In view of the above, the coexistence of Gold with Labyrinths is a confusion, so this neighborhood is not recommended.

Goldfish and Aquarium Catfish, other bottom fish: corridors (speckled catfish), antsistrusy (catfish sucker), fighting, akantoftalmusy, green catfish brochis, tarakatumy and others.

In general, there is 100% compatibility. I draw your attention, only that not all somas are very peaceful. For example, Botsia Modest or Bai are somiers who can bite. Or, for example, ancistrus at night can easily stick to sleeping Goldfish, from which the latter will look like plucked hens.

Otherwise, everything is OK! Moreover, all aquarium catfish are good helpers in the fight with poop from Goldfish. Provide an aquarium bottom to the catfish and the frequency of the aquarium floor siphon will decrease.

Goldfish and carp: barbusses, danios and others.

It should always be remembered that Goldfish are slow and any neighborhood with nimble fish, and even more so those who can pluck them is not desirable. I do not see anything criminal in the joint content of danios and goldfish, but I do not recommend barbs. Sumatrans easily bite Golden.

Goldfish and pezillium, viviparous fishes: guppies, swordtails, mollies and others.

I read somewhere that guppies can attack and bite off Goldfish! But, something I can not believe in these stories. I can’t even imagine how this gopeshka will be able to covet on a big Golden Fish, unless they attack the crowd))).

I admit honestly, I don’t have any experience in keeping live beetles and Goldfish. And in general, it is somehow not solid to keep golden aksakals of the aquarium world and unpretentious live-bearers together.

And I also want to offer you such a topic as Compatibility of Goldfish and aquarium plants.

Who started up Goldfish knows that this issue is acute, as the Golden family well just loves plant food. To avoid the disgustingly plucked aquarium plants, I give my Golden twice-weekly grown duckweed from another aquarium. It is also possible to recommend to keep Goldfish with aquarium plants that will be too tough for Goldfish: Anubiases, microsoriums, cryptocorynes, as well as mosses.

For more on this, see this article - FISHING EATING PLANTS WHAT TO DO?

Summing up, it should be said that, nevertheless, Goldfish are fish intended for a specific aquarium that require special, special attention. Moreover, the cost of these fish is quite high, they are long-lived compared to other inhabitants of the aquarium and therefore it would be a shame to lose such a fish due to the fact that some five-kopek antsistrus did not let her sleep at night.

Aquarium fish compatibility video

How, what and how much to feed Goldfish?


FEEDING GOLDEN FISHES

AS? WHAT AND HOW MUCH?

Goldfish - extremely playful, cheerful and voracious creatures. They quickly get used to the person of their breadwinner, and as they approach the aquarium, they jump out of the water like piranhas with hungry eyes. This behavior of your waterfowl pets can be repeated 10 times a day, but this does not mean that the goldfish are hungry all this time. This is just a conditioned reflex. It is necessary to feed your pets 1-2 times a day with one pinch of dry food. This is quite enough for their normal growth and development. If you feed more often, the fish will behave very sluggish, in addition their life expectancy will be reduced.

Despite the fact that the process of feeding goldfish can bring you a lot of pleasure - do not abuse it. In fish, there is no sense of saturation. Do not forget about it. So do not overdo it. And your pets will long please your eyes and soothe raging thoughts.
And now from the lyrics, to the point!

Goldfish need a balanced diet. Their diet should include both live food - bloodworm, artemia, daphnia, rotifers and other food: dry and especially vegetable.

If we talk about proportions, then in my opinion for goldfish, this proportion looks like 40% live, dry and 60% vegetable food.

Live food, adore all the fish and gold is no exception. When keeping Zolotuh in an aquarium, it is better to use frozen live food, as they are safer than full-scale.

Dry feed - a universal remedy for feeding any fish. Manufacturers of aquarium feed took care of the usefulness of the diet. Therefore, if you wake up to feed goldfish only with such food, then this will be quite enough for their well-being. But if you want to feed your goldfish to be elite))). It is necessary to introduce vegetable feed and only natural.

How is this achieved ?! Yes, very simple. You need to breed Leopard or RicciaWell, it is very golden love this aquarium vegetation.

Here, please see how much duckweed grows in my week in an aquarium with scalars. All she goes to feed goldfish.
Economical and non-GMO!

As it is known, duckweed and riccia grow very quickly and do not require special conditions for maintenance. For a week you will grow it on a scale sufficient for goldfish to feed. It should be diluted in a separate aquarium and transferred to scrofula 2-a - 3 times a week. That's all you need.

It is necessary to distinguish the feeding of goldfish in the aquarium and in the pond.

For feeding goldfish in a pond, it is recommended to use meat chips mixed with bread, as well as hard boiled cereals: buckwheat, oatmeal, millet, etc. The pond must be with vegetation !!!

If anyone is interested in this question, I recommend you to talk with our user "Muri", she is a noble ruler of goldfish in the pond!

I feed my goldfish with the following formula:

Resurrection - live food, Monday - Wednesday is dry and substitutes, Thursday - duckweed, Friday - Saturday - dry and duckweed.

On such a feed my scrofulous - fat and fluffy !!! :)

WHAT FEEDS CAN BE ADVISED:

To date, only Tetra produces 13 types of feed for goldfish, which indicates the great popularity of these cute creatures.

Let us dwell on each of them:

Main feed, 9 species

Tetra Goldfish Pro

High quality balanced nutritional food for all types of goldfish.

Tetra Goldfish Pro has a high nutritional value due to low-temperature manufacturing technology.

The optimized ratio of proteins and fats provides better absorption of nutrients and guarantees an improved digestive process.

It has a low level of water pollution, as a result, a decrease in algae growth and water purity.

The new formula of universal chips:

- желтая середина содержит криль для усиления естественной окраски и поддержания мышечного развития;

- в красном ободке содержатся питательные элементы;

- жирные кислоты омега-3 обеспечивают здоровый рост;

- содержит креветки для улучшения вкуса.

Запатентованная формула BioActive - стимулирует здоровое состояние иммунной системы и обеспечивает высокую продолжительность жизни.

Intensive scientific research, carefully selected ingredients, advanced technologies and constant monitoring ensure consistently high quality.

Tetra goldfish

Nutritious flakes are suitable for all types of goldfish.

Contain all the necessary nutrients and trace elements

improves health, vitality and color richness.

The patented formula BioActive - stimulates a healthy state of the immune system and provides a high life expectancy.

A formula Clean & Clear Water - improves the digestibility of feed and reduces the amount of fish excrement, which allows you to keep the water clean and clear.

Feeding fish is very convenient thanks to a special cap for accurate dosage.

Tetra Goldfish Color

Balanced feed suitable for all types of goldfish - to improve color.

Offers a varied diet, achieved through an optimally selected composition of flakes with a high content of natural color enhancers, which allow you to show all the beauty of your fish.

This type of food contains all the necessary nutrients and trace elements that help improve health and vitality.

The patented formula BioActive - stimulates a healthy state of the immune system and provides a high life expectancy.

A formula Clean & Clear Water - improves the digestibility of feed and reduces the amount of fish excrement, which allows you to keep the water clean and clear.

Tetra Goldfish Energy

Nutritious sticks for all types of goldfish.

These floating rods will not only improve the health of the fish, but also increase the resistance to diseases.

Ensure the consumption of the optimal amount of fat, which is easily absorbed by the body and serves as a reserve source of energy.

Easy to digest.

Tetra Goldfish Color Sticks

Crumb, developed on the basis of the new BioActive formula for all types of goldfish.

Floating small granules with a high content of algae (spirulina) provide a wealth of natural coloring of fish and increase the body's resistance to disease.

Perfectly assimilated by a full-fledged plant composition.

TetraGoldfishGranules

Floating pellets for all types of gold fish.

Granules are fully eaten with fish and provide good nutrition.

The patented formula BioActive - stimulates a healthy state of the immune system and provides a high life expectancy.

TetraGoldfishMenu

Balanced feed for all goldfish.

The package contains 4 different feeds in one can: chips with high nutritional value; granules for good coloring; flakes for biologically balanced nutrition; daphnia as a treat for

varied nutrition.

Easy to dose.

Tetra Goldfish Weekend

Compact sticks for all types of goldfish.

Food sticks are easy to dose and they last for 9 days!

High content of vital minerals and proteins and

unique production process - allows you to get a hard food that does not contain difficult-to-digest binders and does not degrade the quality of water.

Tetra goldfish holiday

Vacation feed for all types of goldfish.

Healthy food for 14 days.

Patented formula contains Daphnia, essential vitamins, trace elements and minerals.

Do not muddy water, easy to dose.

Special premium feed, 4 species

Tetra Goldfish Gold Exotic

Premium food for all types of goldfish with high quality protein, supports growth and contributes to the health of fish.

The patented formula BioActive - stimulates a healthy state of the immune system and provides a high life expectancy.

A formula Clean & Clear Water - improves the digestibility of feed and reduces the amount of fish excrement, which allows you to keep the water clean and clear.

It has excellent digestibility, both at high and at low temperatures.

Ideal high-quality food capable of maintaining the perfect shape of your fish.

Granules soften quickly, so the fish can easily eat them.

TetraGoldfishGoldGrowth

Premium food for all types of goldfish with high quality protein, supports growth and contributes to the health of fish.

Essential nutrients and special ingredients ensure good digestibility.

The patented formula BioActive - stimulates a healthy state of the immune system and provides a high life expectancy.

A formula Clean & Clear Water - improves the digestibility of feed and reduces the amount of fish excrement, which allows you to keep the water clean and clear.

Ideal high-quality food capable of maintaining the perfect shape of your fish.

Granules soften quickly, so the fish can easily eat them.

Tetra Goldfish Gold Color

Premium food for all types of goldfish, containing carotenoids, spirulina algae and other color enhancers, allowing you to take care of the beautiful appearance of the fish.

The patented formula BioActive - stimulates a healthy state of the immune system and provides a high life expectancy.

A formula Clean & Clear Water - improves the digestibility of feed and reduces the amount of fish excrement, which allows you to keep the water clean and clear.

Ideal high-quality food capable of maintaining the perfect shape of your fish.

Granules soften quickly, so the fish can easily eat them.

TetraGoldfishGoldJapan

Premium feed pellets for all breeding goldfish.

Granulated feed quickly softens in the water and provides a complete and varied diet of fish.

It takes care of balanced nutrition of all types of Japanese goldfish: Oranda, Lionheads, Lelescopes, Riukins, Vualehvostov, etc.

Small in the form of a stick can easily fall to the bottom, which makes it easy for Japanese goldfish to look for food at the bottom to please the habit.

The food is rich in plant proteins that provide optimal digestion and carotenoids that enhance the natural color of fish.

* REMEMBER: undernourishment of fish - it is always better than overfeeding! Especially this rule applies to goldfish. Otherwise, the aquarium will be dirty, and the fish will be sluggish and suffer from inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract.

fanfishka.ru

Beautiful but capricious goldfish

To date, aquarium fish, or rather, their varieties are quite numerous and varied. But always the most important among them are considered, in fact, the legendary goldfish.

Interesting golden inhabitants of the underwater world are far from simple creatures. And in order to ensure proper care, to maximize their life expectancy and prevent diseases (do you wonder how many years such fish live?), Finally, in order to ensure their reproduction, many nuances should be taken into account.

External description

Typically, the length of goldfish comes to 30-35 cm. However, in aquarium conditions, the indicators are much more modest: you rarely find fish over 15 cm.

The body of these aquarium fish is slightly elongated in length, has the shape of an ellipse, flattened from the sides.

As for the fins, the dorsal is very long, starting in the middle of the body. The anal fin is relatively short (it is related to the tail). Usually these creatures have red, slightly reddish or completely yellowish fins. The belly, as a rule, has a yellowish tint, the sides are golden, and the back is red-golden.

However, there are various types of these aquarium dwellers that may have pale pink, red, black, white and even spotted color.

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Content Features

Goldfish require carefully selected aquarium conditions. First of all, you need to understand that keeping one fish requires at least 50 liters of water. However, as the number of fish in an aquarium increases, an increase in their population density is allowed.

At the bottom of the aquarium should be a coarse-grained soil, because the fish love to rummage in it. Pebbles need to pick rounded, which do not have sharp edges. The content also implies plants, only it is better to let them not with small leaves, since the dirt lifted from the ground will settle on such leaves. Floating plants will also be useful - they can be used for feeding.

Now let's talk about the parameters of water: its temperature varies from 16 to 24 degrees (lower temperature is needed in winter, as the summer period approaches, it is necessary to gradually increase the temperature of the water); rigidity - at the level of 8-18 degrees, the acidity is needed around 7.

In general, water should be given maximum attention (after all, its quality affects even the life expectancy of the fish themselves, i.e. it depends on how long the fish in question live). It must be rich in oxygen, must be clean. Every day should be replaced about a tenth of the water. Without a filter can not do. Inadequate water quality provokes disease.

Speaking of longevity. How long do these funny inhabitants of the water live? No one can name the exact period how long they live, but there is a case when a goldfish has lived to 34 years without a single disease. How long do they usually live? From 3 to 10 years. The length of life of these creatures depends on what their content.

Now consider compatibility. Here it is necessary to take into account the variety of goldfish, because not all species have complete compatibility with other fish. In addition, even the compatibility of fish with each other is not always observed. Check compatibility with one or another fish is still not worth it. In any case, peaceful and calm neighbors, not too large, will ensure almost absolute compatibility.

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How to feed?

To feed the fish in question is very difficult, especially for beginning aquarists. Why? Goldfish are very voracious creatures that almost constantly ask for food. You can say this: how many live, eat so much. However, feeding them too often is strictly forbidden because they develop diseases.

The recommended feeding regimen is once or twice a day (otherwise diseases are observed). Portions should be made small: let the fish eat everything for about seven minutes. But what can you feed?

The answer to this question is very simple: you can feed almost everyone, because goldfish are omnivorous creatures. Because of this, the diversity of their food suggests the presence of:

  • live food;
  • specialized dry food;
  • plant foods (i.e. need plants).

It is advisable to buy live food frozen (this will exclude the likelihood that the fish will have the disease), then to thaw it and feed them to the fish. Dry it is recommended to pre-soak in a small saucer with aquarium water. Plants before you start to feed the fish should be scalded (this will also prevent disease) and grind. It is noteworthy that adults can eat the plants even if they are not crushed.

What plants can be? It should be particularly highlighted salad. The leaves of this plant are very fond of fish. Plants can be perfectly supplemented with fruit.

In general, it should be noted that the issue of nutrition of goldfish should be approached very responsibly. It is very important to feed these aquarium inhabitants properly and in a timely manner. If all requirements are met, fully-developing adult fish will easily endure a two-week hunger strike (in case of leaving for a vacation or a business trip).

In addition, there is the possibility of leaving the fish for a longer period if there is such a need. Then they can be left in the aquarium a little more of the horn.

We also point out that a number of experts recommend supplementing the ration of goldfish with cereal porridge. Such porridges should be cooked in water without salt. It is desirable that they were crumbly.

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Breeding issues

Having thoroughly studied the basic rules that ensure the proper maintenance of goldfish, one should also consider the issue of reproduction.

So, if you wish to reproduce these aquarium dwellers should stock up on a spawning aquarium. Such an aquarium should be about 80-100 cm in length (different types of fish require to some extent different care when breeding). Spawning need to close on top. It is important that it be planted with small-leaf bushes.

Water must be fresh, saturated with oxygen. Its performance is generally similar to those established in an ordinary aquarium.

In early spring, the fish begin mating games. It is recommended to plant them for 2-3 weeks, providing a good feeding. Then, two or three males and a female should be selected for spawning.

In goldfish, spawning usually occurs in the morning and lasts until the middle of the day. How is everything going? The female swims among the plants (or directly above them), where she spawns. This calf is then fertilized by the male.

After that, the fish should be removed from the spawn (remember about compatibility: not only different species can not live together, but also individuals of different ages), and the eggs should be provided with the right care. This implies, above all, the protection of the eggs from sudden fluctuations in temperature, on which the life expectancy of future fish depends. How long do the eggs live? After two days the fry already appear, and on the 5th day they swim boldly.

These are the key features relating to goldfish. Recall: you need to take into account also that these aquarium inhabitants are very diverse, their different types have different compatibility with other fish, but in any case they are voracious. In addition, often goldfish affect certain diseases. By virtue of all the above, it is rather difficult to ensure the content of these creatures. But competent care greatly facilitates the situation. In addition, we noted that the correct conditions of detention affect the lifespan of the fish. And how much do these fish live with you?

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