Properly feed the fish - moderately and not often
One of the first questions that people ask sellers of aquarium fish - and how to feed them correctly? You may think that this is a simple question, but far from it. Of course, if you do not want to bother yourself, you can just throw a few flakes into the aquarium, but if you want your fish to be healthy, play with all the colors of the rainbow and delight you, then we will tell you how to properly feed the aquarium fish.
How much to feed the fish?
I would say that the majority of aquarists feed their fish correctly, but too often they have to see how over-feeding turns the jar into a foul-smelling swamp or fish that is so overwhelmed that they forget how to swim.
And it is easy to understand why this is happening. There is no specific standard, and feeding fish may not be an easy task for a beginner. The fact is that with the fish, we most interact during feeding. And so you want to feed them a little bit more.
And a novice aquarist feeds the fish, every time he sees that they are lonely asking for feed from the front glass. And most of the fish will ask for food even when they are about to burst (this applies especially to cichlids), and it is so hard to understand when it is already enough.
And yet - how often do you need and how many times to feed aquarium fish? Fish should be fed 1-2 times a day (for adult fish, fry and adolescents should be fed much more often), and with the amount of food that they eat in 2-3 minutes. Ideally, no food would get to the bottom (but do not forget to feed catfish separately). We will immediately agree that we are not talking about herbivores, for example, ancistrus or brocade catfish. These eat almost around the clock, scraping algae. And do not worry, it is not necessary to carefully monitor each time if they ate, just a couple of times a week look.
Why is it so important not to overfeed the fish? The fact is that overfeeding negatively affects the state of the aquarium. Food falls to the bottom, gets into the ground, rots and starts to spoil the water, while serving as a nutrient base for harmful algae.
At the same time in the water accumulate nitrates and ammonia, which poison the fish and plants.
Dirty, algae-covered aquariums with sick fish are often the result of overfeeding and dirty water.
What to feed?
So, how to feed, we figured out ... And what to feed aquarium fish?
All feed for aquarium fish can be divided into four groups - branded, frozen, live food and vegetable food.
If you want to keep a healthy fish with a beautiful color, it is better to feed all kinds of these feeds. Of course, some fish can eat only live food, others only vegetable. But for ordinary fish, the ideal diet consists of branded feeds, regular feeding with live feeds, and not regular plant foods.
Branded feed - provided that you buy real ones, and not fake, can be the basis of the diet for most fish. Modern branded food for fish, contain all the necessary substances, vitamins and minerals, so that the fish was healthy. To buy such food is no longer a problem, and the choice is huge.
Separately, I will note the so-called dry food - dried gammarus, cyclops and daphnia. Extremely bad feeding option for any fish. Does not contain nutrients, poorly digested, allergen for people.
But do not use dry food - dried daphnia, there are almost no nutrients in it, fish suffer from stomach diseases and grow poorly!
Branded food - flakes, granules, pellets
Live food - one of the best fish feeds that need to be fed fish regularly. It is not necessary to feed the same species all the time, alternate, because fish loves diversity. Of the most common live food - bloodworm, tubule, koretra. But it also has serious drawbacks - you can bring diseases, poison the fish with poor-quality food, and you can’t carry out the bloodworm too often, it doesn’t digest the fish well. The simplest disinfection of live food is freezing, which kills some of the nastiness in it.
Frozen feed - for some, live food can be unpleasant, and women do not welcome the swarming worms in the refrigerator ... Therefore, there is an excellent alternative - frozen live food for fish. I choose them for feeding, as they are easy to dose, they are easily stored, do not deteriorate, and contain all those substances that are alive. And often you can buy a mix of live food, which will contain several species - bloodworm, artemia and coretre together.
Vegetable feed - rarely find a fish that sometimes does not eat plants in nature. And for most types of fish, vegetable food is desirable. Of course, there are exceptions in every rule and predators will not eat grass. Be sure to read what kind of food prefers fish living in your aquarium.
Vegetable food can be bought as branded, in tablets or in the form of flakes, and added to the aquarium on their own. For example, antsistrusy eat zucchini, cucumbers and cabbage with pleasure.
If you follow these tips, you do not overfeed the fish, give it a nutritious diet full of nutrients, and as a result you will get a beautiful, healthy fish that will live for a long time. Feeding fish is the basis of their content, and you will not regret the time spent if you do everything right from the very beginning.
How and how much to feed the fish
HOW AND HOW MUCH TO FEED A FISH?
One of the most important question for any living thing on the Planet is the question of food. Alas, for some reason, in most cases, with respect to aquarium fish, people forget about it and believe that having filled them with a pinch of daphnia or other food, this will be quite enough for their normal existence. However, it is not!The diet of any pet should be varied and correct. For example, people buy kittens and dogs for dry food, meat, chicken and milk with sour cream. Moreover, they give vitamins and other supplements. The same should be the aquarium pets. Their diet should be balanced. A beginner aquarist should not be afraid of "scary words": live food, freezing, live dust. No need to think that all this needs to get, grind and cook. Everything is much easier than it seems! And in this I will try to convince you.
Various feeding fish - the key to successAll aquarium fish can be divided into: carnivorous, herbivorous and omnivorous. This gradation of fish can be further broken down into: phytophages, limnofagof, malakofagi, ichthyophages, parasitic ..., but the essence of the gradation remains the same, so we will not focus on this.
Most aquarium fish are omnivorous. That is, their diet should include both vegetable and "meat" - protein food. From this statement we can make a logical conclusion that feeding the fish with one type of food will not bring anything to good. Not getting enough of the necessary nutrients the fish become sluggish, their immunity decreases, the body becomes unable to resist the pathogenic flora, the fish get sick and die. A very good example is the research of ichthyologists, who have established that even unpretentious, viviparous guppies stop giving birth with regular and monotonous feeding them only with dry food.
Here is the table, the content of components in the feed for different groups of fish:
Group of fish
more than 45%
UNCLEAR LEARNINGS OF FEEDING FISHES First, you need to read and study the literature about your fish. Find out their taste preferences and behavioral characteristics.
Having repulsed from the received information, it is necessary to select the appropriate dry feed, which can be divided into groups:
Flakes, plates (for feeding fish floating on the surface and in the water column)
Pellets (for larger fish)
Tablets (sinking food for catfish and other bottom fish)
mixedThere are other specialized fish food that are sold to pet stores, for example, to improve the color of fish or special food for a certain type of fish, for example, "Discus menu".
Based on my own experience, I want to advise you to take several types of feed at once and mix them in one can. This is due to the fact that aquariums usually contain different types of fish that require different feeding. Mixing dry food of the same form, we get a kind of mix that is suitable for all fish.
When purchasing feed, you should also pay attention to the shelf life and packing density of the feed. This should be done due to the fact that over time, dry food loses its properties, and if packaging is violated (storage conditions), pathogenic flora will generally form in the food. Also, one should give preference to feeds of well-known trademarks, for example, TM Sera or Tetra.
SecondlyWhen feeding aquarium fish you should not forget about vitamins, which are used as an additive to feed.
Vitamin A - necessary for cell growth, especially for fry and juveniles. Lack of this vitamin leads to slow growth and curvature of the back and fins. Also, vitamin A reduces stress.
Vitamin D3 - participates in the development of the skeletal system.
Vitamin E - necessary for the reproductive system of fish. Vitamins A and E are used together because they are ineffective without each other.
Vitamins of group B (B1 - thiamine, B2 - riboflavin, B12) - normalize fish metabolism.
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) - forms teeth and bones, is involved in metabolism.
Vitamin H (biotin) - needed for cell development.
Vitamin M - lack of folic acid is expressed in the darkening of the color of the fish, they become sluggish.
Vitamin K - needed for the circulatory system.
Choline - needed for normal growth, as well as regulates the sugar content in the blood.
As a recommendation, you can recommend the following products:
Sera fishtamin - emulsified multi-vitamin preparation for strengthening fish during and after diseases, after settling in a new aquarium, for breeding and for enriching the feed for fry with vitamins. sera fishtamin is also suitable for strengthening pond fish before and after hibernation.
It can be added directly to the aquarium water. However, it is better to add 6-7 drops to 1 fish in the feed a few minutes before feeding.
1. During the illness and after recovery of the fish, fishtamine should be added daily directly to the aquarium at the rate of: 6-7 drops per 50 liters of water. Aquarium lighting is desirable to turn off.
2. After possible stresses, such as transportation, placing fish in a crowded aquarium or in cases when incompatible types of fish are in the same aquarium, as well as with each water change, you need to add Fishtamin in the amount of 4-6 drops to feed. Fishtamine is added directly to the feed, which quickly absorbs the drug and after a short period of time can be used to feed your fish.
Fishtamine can be added directly to the aquarium at the rate of: 6-7 drops per 50 liters of water. It is advisable to turn off the aquarium lighting.
3. After relocating new fish to the aquarium, you need to quickly add Fishtamine directly to the aquarium from the calculation: 6-7 drops per 50 liters of water.
4. In order to breed, it is necessary to add Fishtamine before the spawning process begins and within ten days after the process starts directly to the fish feed at the rate of: 4-6 drops per 50 liters of water. It is necessary to wait some time until the drug is absorbed into the feed and then feed.
5. To improve the growth of fry, it is necessary to add Fishtamine directly to Micron, Micropan, Micrograin or Artemia solution once every two days, mix quickly and give enriched feed to the young fish. The daily dose of fishtamine can vary from one to five drops and depends on the amount of feed and the number of fry.
6. To enrich the frozen live feed with vitamins, immediately before feeding, add Fishtamine to feed at the rate of: three to four drops for each portion of feed after it is thawed. It is necessary to wait some time until the drug is absorbed into the feed and then feed.
7. To create optimal conditions for the existence of pond fish in late autumn, as long as the fish take food, and also in early spring, as soon as the fish begin to take food; for prophylaxis, as well as during the treatment of fish from viral diseases, fishtamine should be added daily for three weeks in a volume of 10-12 drops directly to the feed of pond fish. It is necessary to wait some time until the drug is absorbed into the feed and then feed.
Content of additives per 1 ml:
Vitamin A 500 I.E.
Vitamin B1 2.00 mg
Vitamin B2 2.00 mg
Vitamin B6 2.00 mg
Vitamin B12 2.00 mcg
Vitamin C 55.00 mg
Vitamin D3 100 I.E.
Vitamin E 5.00 mg
Vitamin K3 1.00 mg
Nicotinic acid 10.00 mg
Calcium Pantothenate 5.00 mg
Folic acid 0.50 mg
Tetra vital - provides the fish with vital energy and health, as well as a natural color.
Tetra Vital contains essential vitamins, minerals and trace elements characteristic of the natural habitat. Their content in the aquarium decreases with time, and tap water is not able to compensate for the loss. Thanks to Tetra Vital, you can create an almost identical natural habitat for fish, where they will be provided with comfortable conditions and a brighter color.
- Natural B vitamins are used to increase the vitality of fish and combat stress
- Magnesium provides good health and promotes healthy growth.
- Panthenol cares for fish mucous membranes
- Iodine contributes to the preparation of fish for spawning, as well as successful spawning.
- Vital trace elements help to avoid problems associated with their deficiency
- Promotes the growth of plants and microorganisms
- Suitable for any freshwater aquariums
To enhance the action of Tetra Vital, use Tetra AquaSafe.
Instructions for use. Shake well before use. Add 5 ml of Tetra Vital to 10 liters of aquarium water every 4 weeks. In case of severe stress, it is recommended to double the dose.
Thirdly, the most important trick! This use of live and frozen feed.
Live food is a variety of mosquito larvae, small crustaceans and all kinds of worms that are used in feeding fish. The most popular of them are: bloodworm, artemia, sap, daphnia, tubule, rotifers, gammarus.
Live food is the most useful and natural food for fish, providing them with all the necessary microelements. Such feed is recommended to be used in conjunction with other types of feed and given 2-3 times a week.
The composition of some organisms used as live food Nowadays, especially in megacities and large cities, it is difficult to find high-quality live food for fish. It is also worth noting that, along with live food, it is possible to bring "contagion" into the aquarium - pathogenic bacteria, fungi and viruses. Therefore, you should always be careful with live food, it is better to grow it yourself and rinse thoroughly before serving. Knowing that many aquarists, especially the fair sex, do not like and are even afraid to mess with worms and larvae, I can recommend an interesting and even fascinating way of extracting live food Sera artemia-mix - Ready mix for growing Nauplii Artemia. Nauplii (cubs) of brine shrimp (Artemia) is a great delicacy for fry of all species of fish. Adult fish and many invertebrates also greedily eat nauplii and adult shrimps. Artemia-mix is a ready-to-use product. All you have to do is pour the contents of the bag into 500 ml of water and air it. With this set, even people who have no experience in breeding live food can grow nauplii. The biological value of nauplii becomes even higher, due to the use of sea salt rich in minerals in sera Artemia-mix. Artemia eggs from the great salt lakes of the state of Utah (USA) are used in the sera Artemia-mix - especially high quality.
Here is a detailed video of how to grow nauplii
Well, for those who do not want to mess around with live food at all, there is a ready-made live food freeze. Frost for fishB - it is ready-to-use, frozen and packaged live food. The beauty of it lies in the fact that you do not need to "get", you only need to get a cube of frozen food and throw it into the fish feeder.
+ such feed, manufacturers process it and monitor its purity. The probability to bring "contagion" in the aquarium is small.
- as a result of processing, the beneficial properties of the feed are lost.
Note: Before serving, it is desirable to freeze it to thaw (10-15 min.)
And finally, the fourth trick - the food from our table. Here, look, please, the video posted by our moderator, Esta, about how her cichlids eat a leaf of lettuce.
Charming is not true! Many fish, especially cichlids, respect the greens: lettuce, spinach, scalded cabbage leaves, cucumber, and even carrots. Many people know that keeping African cichlids with live aquarium plants is almost impossible. Nevertheless, they need plant food. And such a leaf of lettuce, once or twice a week, is an excellent way out for tsikhlovykh.
Also, by the example of a user of our site Qper, it is worth highlighting the question of protein mixes made by yourself.For his precious and beloved cichlids, he cooks and gives the following mince once a week:
- BEEF HEART, CLEARED FROM FILM;
- FILET OF TILIP (PANGASIUS);
- SALMARA FILLET;
- SHEETS SALTA;
Here is such an appetizing pate! There are a lot of similar recipes and, if you wish, you can easily find them on the Internet. The main thing is that in this way you can and should feed the fish.
You can make only one important remark about feeding fish like mince - you should try to exclude (minimize) the meat of warm-blooded animals from them. The food system of fish is not able to digest such meat, because of which it can develop pathogenic flora and as a result of the disease. Minced meat containing warm-blooded animals should be given rarely as a delicacy.
How many times and how often to feed the fish?Based on the fact that feeding fish should be balanced and diverse, it is possible to derive an approximate component of the amount of feed needed for fish.
If we talk about one-time feeding, then any food (dry or live) should be eaten by fish in 3-5 minutes. After this time, the feed should not be in the aquarium, and the more he should not fall for hours at the bottom.
Per day you can feed the fish 1-2 times. I personally feed once, because I think that undernourishment is better than overfeeding. Feeding is preferably carried out either in the morning, after 15 minutes. after turning on the aquarium lighting and in the evening for 3-4 hours before bedtime. If there are “night residents” in the aquarium, as a rule, these are bottom catfish (bag-tabernacles, agamixes, etc.), then for them the food is thrown “at dusk”, i.e. when the light is turned off and all the "day" fish have gone to bed.
How much to feed the fish a week? Here, too, everything is conditional and individual. I offer an example of my feeding scheme:
Monday - dry food 1, once a day;
Tuesday - dry food 2, once a day;
Wednesday - live food, or bloodworm or artemia;
Thursday - dry food 1, twice a day;
Friday - dry food 2, twice a day;
Saturday - live food + duckweed;
Sunday - fasting day;
As you can see, feeding fish is quite diverse. Firstly, various mixtures of dry feed are used, secondly, dry food alternates with live ones, and plant food is given once a week.
And necessarily, once a week, a fasting day is arranged, i.e. when fish are not fed at all. Such a day, you need to arrange necessarily, it is harmless and even very useful for the health of fish and the aquarium as a whole.
Hope the article was helpful for you! Of course, you will not immediately cover all the issues in one article, so we will be glad to talk with you on the forums.
How to feed aquarium fish?
Proper and rational nutrition of fish - a guarantee of health and longevity, not only adults, but also future offspring. Let's talk a little about nutrition, volume and feeding regimes. What feed is better to use, whether it is possible to give pets homemade or still better purchased.
It's no secret that nutrition is one of the most important components of life. From its quality, quantity and composition depends on how long and happy will be the life of an organism. Such arguments are valid for aquarium fish too. If you do not want your small water-loving pets to be stunted and constantly sick, you need to feed them with the right food that suits them. Also, do not forget about the balance of proteins, micro and macronutrients, fats and carbohydrates.
Food in vivo
In order to understand how to feed aquarium fish, you need to know what they eat in their natural habitat. As a rule, for different types of fish it is quite dissimilar products.
So what do fish eat? Consider this question in more detail.
Herbivores have a long digestive tract, which indicates the need for frequent feeding in small portions. The feeding of such fish in the natural environment, as a rule, consists of a variety of algae, plant particles, fruits and seeds.
Carnivorous species have, in turn, a pronounced large stomach, which means they must eat food in large quantities a small number of times. Under natural conditions, they usually feed on live or dead small animals, insects, birds, invertebrates, amphibians.
Omnivores. Even on the basis of their name, it becomes clear that such species prefer any acceptable food.
Which feed is better?
Each species requires a different food, so it is impossible to formulate a diet for all aquarium inhabitants at once. Only a specialist can help you with this. Of course, you can use homemade food in the diet of waterfowl, but you can not always take into account the full range of essential macro-and micronutrients. And the preparation of the feed itself requires a lot of time and taking into account all the technological nuances.
As a rule, fish kept in aquariums are fed mainly with dry food and insects, protozoa, sold in pet shops. It is advisable to add to this a small percentage of allowed for this type of natural products, such as fruits.
Live food is necessary for carnivorous and omnivorous fish, especially during the spawning period. To it can be attributed, for example, moth, pipemaker, daphnia, ciliates. Store such food in the freezer refrigerator. But the main thing is not to keep it for too long. There is a time for everything.
Fry raised on animal feed are more active in behavior and most resistant to diseases. The younger generation can be fed with yogurt. It contains the necessary bacteria and vitamins.
As a living food, you can use minced fish, poultry, liver, invertebrates, eggs. And from plant foods algae, vegetables, fruits, cereals are perfect.
Hunger for body benefits
Approximately 1 time a week, the fish need to organize a preventive hunger strike. This will help cleanse their intestines. Especially it is not necessary to burden the food of sick individuals, it will slow down the healing process. It is better to hold them for 2 days without food, do not worry, they will not die of hunger. In natural conditions, they are not able to eat for very long.
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The feeding regime, as a rule, directly depends on the age of the fish. Adults have enough 2 meals a day. This completely covers their needs. At the same time, the fry from 1 to 2 months are fed 4 times a day. Up to 1 month - every 3-4 hours, young fry - every 6 hours.
During spawning, fish-producers are cut back on food, not feeding the first couple of days, and after giving significantly less food than during normal times.
Feeding time should be no more than 5 minutes. This gap is enough to fish ate. After that, it is necessary to remove the remains, otherwise they will begin to rot and spoil the entire internal environment of the aquarium.
It is very important to remember that the size of food particles for different age groups is also different.
For very young fish, it should not exceed the size of the eye, otherwise the fry simply will not be able to eat it and will always remain hungry. Therefore, large dry food need to fray fingers in fine dust. You can buy ready-ground powdered fry food.
At the same time, adults are not enthusiastic about eating crumbs at all, so they need more impressive pieces.
To ensure that all residents of the aquarium will be satisfied, you can resort to using special feeders (for live and dry food). Such troughs are attached to the aquarium and they are already feeding there directly. So the food does not spread across the entire surface of the aquarium, and the fish can safely eat it.
Much has already been said about feeding rules. However, it is necessary to combine them into one section for the convenience of readers.
Basic feeding rules:
- feed the appropriate food for this type of fish;
- do not overfeed;
- give a variety of products;
- clean up the rest of the feed net;
- the number of feedings should be commensurate with age;
- do not feed at bedtime;
- The presence of natural food in the diet is required.
When starting any living creature at home, it is important to always remember that it is not only joy, but also a great responsibility. Without proper care, any living thing will not live long. Not an exception and fish. Therefore, watching your diet, do not forget about little friends. And then they will delight you with their beauty and playful mood for a very long time.
Video from professional aquarists about proper feeding of fish:
What and how many times to feed aquarium fish?
In their natural environment, fish spend a lot of time searching for food. Predators hunt small relatives, medium-sized omnivores feed on insect larvae, algae and caviar of other fish. Whatever the fish eats - in its native element, it will always find suitable food for itself to survive and give birth to.
It is quite another thing - fish contained in captivity. Here, in the matter of food they can only rely on people. In aquarium conditions, fish entirely depend on the person - on the responsibility and the observation of its owner.
So how to feed aquarium fish? In fact, an unequivocal answer to this question is impossible. The only obvious thing is that the feed should be diverse and balanced. It is best to alternate several types of food. If you buy ready-made dry mixes in the form of "chips", granules or tablets - this is an excellent and useful delicacy for your fish.
Manufacturers of such dry mixes take into account all the characteristics of the body of fish, and this ready-made food always contains the right amount of proteins, carbohydrates and vitamins necessary for the full activity of aquarium inhabitants. But do not neglect the natural food - let's bloodworm, daphnia, Cyclops, carriage, crustaceans, etc.
Of course, each family of fish needs to choose an individual food. Make sure that the size of the feed is not too large. If the fish cannot swallow the flakes, they will remain hungry. Some species of fish live directly at the water's mirror, therefore, the food for them must remain at the surface. If the fish spends most of the time in the lower layers of the aquarium, they need food in tablets, which quickly sink to the bottom.
No less important is the question of how many times to feed aquarium fish.
Malki need a lot of energy and strength to grow. Therefore, they need to feed at least three to four times a day. Adult fish, as a rule, are fed in the morning and in the evening, but for some large breeds of predators it is enough one time. Once a week you can (and even need) arrange a fasting day.
Remember that round tummy is characteristic only for young individuals, and in adults it is a sign of overeating.
As for the number of servings, try to give exactly as much as the fish is able to eat in 15 minutes. Residues of food should not settle and clog the water in the aquarium, so it is better to clean them and not leave overnight.
How often, how many times to feed goldfish?
Probably every novice aquarist heard about goldfish. This is not surprising: the beauty, brightness and elegance of these fish makes them very popular. Well, the fact that under this common name collected more than a dozen species (classical fish, celestial eye, comet, telescope and many others), allows each aquarist to choose exactly the breed that he likes most.
However, if you want the fish to continue to maintain their beauty, as well as give healthy offspring, you need to know exactly what kind of food and how often to feed the goldfish.
Immediately it should be said that goldfish need not only proteins, but also carbohydrates.
Therefore, in addition to live food - the bloodworm, the pipe worker, the earthworm - they need from time to time to give boiled buckwheat, oatmeal, soaked semolina, and tender algae leaves.
Some owners give a small amount of bread, but this causes the water to deteriorate very quickly, so that most prefer to avoid using such feed.
To feed the fish is best not more than twice a day. But here we are talking only about adults. Fry can be fed 4-5 times a day - because they grow, and for this they need a large amount of feed.
The fact is that goldfish (like many others) have little control over themselves while eating. And if you give them an unlimited amount of food, they will soon acquire problems with liver and obesity.
But it is not enough to know how many times to feed goldfish per day. It is also necessary to arrange fasting days from time to time. It is best to establish a specific order - for example, not to feed the fish on Tuesdays or on any other day of the week convenient for you. These days, the fish not only burn off the accumulated calories, but also pick up all the food that could be on the bottom or algae in a week.
When feeding, it is worth remembering one simple, but very true commandment of aquarists - it is better to underfed the fish than to feed them.
Indeed, regular overeating almost always leads to serious diseases in pets.
How often do you need to feed aquarium fish? we have a dispute with my husband ...
Elena Leht (Sviridov)
To my fish, how many times a day come up and ask for food! Overfeed is also bad! I just look at their appearance (do not laugh!) The abdomen grew fat, then that's enough! There are many opinions, the argument is useless: both of you have won, since you take care of your pets! Good luck to you!
In Russia, the most common food company Tetra Kraft Werke. Some invertebrates do not require feeding. Giving them food is useless and harmful, as you worsen the composition of water. The earliest to feed the fish should be an hour after turning on the light and at the latest an hour before turning it off. Some species need to be fed once a day, the other two times, the third in a few days, the fourth species - once a week. It is better not to feed the fish than to overfeed, because the constant overfeeding of the fish leads to infertility and shortens the life span.
The general rule is this: feed the fish once a day or twice only if the food is eaten in 5 minutes or so. Any food not eaten first of all pollutes the water and may cause water turbidity, soil rot. The remaining food on the surface must be removed with a piece of paper (you put a piece of paper on the surface of the water, take it by the edge and lift it). True, if you feed fish with live food (bloodworms), bloodworms can live in the ground for at least a year. Once a week you can and even need to arrange a "hungry" day.
1-2 times a day. A hungry day is desirable, but not required. Since there are types of fish that do not accumulate fat. If there is a desire and opportunity to feed live food, then the time frame is not for him. Since it will gradually poddatsya within a few hours. All this is true for adult fish.
For the fry is not so. With live-bearing easier. If the fry swam in the general aquarium, then the food there most often is always there, at first it will be enough for him to have an infusorium, but he himself will most likely become someone's food. If the fry in the otsadnik and there is a goal to raise it with minimal losses, then you have to work hard. Since you will have to feed often (6-8 times a day), watching the filling of the abdomen.
How often do you need to change the water in the aquarium and feed the fish?
Aquariums up to 40 liters should be cleaned 1 time in 3 weeks. From 40l. up to 70 l 1 time in 3-4 weeks depending on pollution. From 70l to 150l. 1 time in 4 weeks-1 month depending on pollution. From 150 and above 1 time per month and a half depending on pollution. Water varies in the amount of 1/3 of the volume of water. There are no clear boundaries with displacement and timing. Everyone watches himself when about to change the water. Remember, every change of water - stress for fish. But too frequent change of water (less than 3 weeks) can lead to diseases and associated with frequent stress and failure to get used to the new water. For the state of the aquarium, frequent water hay is also harmful. In an aquarium, bioflora does not have time to recover, which is completely restored in rather big aquariums for a month or even more. And the aquarium often begins to grow turbid after replacement, as with the new launch of the aquarium.
In this case, you must first defend the water for at least 2-3 days, so that the chlorine exactly disappears. Some fish are very sensitive to chlorine and their tips of tails and fins whiten from it (they are burned). Therefore, it is better to be safe. If the settled water costs more than a week, the walls of the container begin to become covered with slimy bloom, the water begins to deteriorate. it is better not to fill this water into the aquarium.
When replacing water, it is necessary not only to drain the water, but to “vacuum” all the stones with a hose and hose, so that the dirt between and from under the stones is sucked into the pipe and merges. Immediately see what kind of muddy muddy water. The filter at this time can also be washed and cleaned, especially the anchor (rotor) and the hole under it, the normal operation of which depends on the good operation of the filter (it cleans the water better). The sponge of the filter is washed in the drained water, because under running water all bioflora on the sponge dies. And in the drained water, it is alive and will serve as a starter for the next generation of microorganisms.
In the rest of the time, the settled water is added instead of evaporated.
Стенки аквариума чистятся только если на них зеленый (от избытка освещения) или бурый (от недостатка освещения) налет. Когда стенки в лохматом бесцветном налете (гидра) , тоже надо счищать. только когда видны мелкие иногда меньше миллиметра толстенькие бесцветные червячки, их счищать не надо. they are useful in an aquarium (a good indicator) and they feed on fish as additional food.
With good care for the aquarium, its biological aging occurs much later.General cleaning of the aquarium with washing and replacing plants, stones, pulling them out of the aquarium, is carried out in such conditions much less than a year and a half.
The frequency and amount of water being replaced depends on the volume. As a rule, 10-30% once a week.
Fish, again, depending on the type and age of food: fry - 5 times a day, young - 2, adults - 1 p.
It is very important not to overfeed. The number should be such that the fish eat it for 5 minutes. Feed d. B. varied.
Hello! Tell me, how many times a day do you need to feed Goldfish and how much feed do you need to feed?
They feed goldfish 1 ... 2 times a day so that they eat the food in 3 ... 5 minutes. Leftover food if cleaned by siphon. Or for this purpose lodgers are sowed - soms, ampoules.
Once a week it is advisable not to feed at all.
What to feed:
The basis of feed for adult goldfish should be vegetable feed!
Vegetative feed - duckweed, riccia, hornpole, valisneria, nayas. If these plants grow in an aquarium, gold will always eat them, while the rest of the plants will remain whole.
Sliced and scalded with boiling water - lettuce, spinach, dandelion, young nettle, plantain, grated carrots, pumpkin, cucumbers.
Boiled in water (without salt) cereals (buckwheat, millet) or steamed semolina - boiled grits need to be washed so that it is crumbly, but in no case sticky. Sometimes you can indulge in bread, but very rarely and only white.
Live food - bloodworm, tubule (very carefully! Causes obesity), earthworms (before feeding must be kept in clean water to cleanse the intestines from the contents), coretra, daphnia, cyclop, artemia, gammarus.
For feeding, fillets of sea fish, squids, shrimps, shrimped, lean beef meat, beef heart and liver can also be used, and boiled chicken meat is perfect.
If you feed them with dry feeds, it is better to give them in small portions several times a day, since in the gastrointestinal tract they may swell and may cause gas formation, constipation, inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. It is recommended to hold the dry food for some time in water (10-15 seconds - flakes, 20-30 seconds - granules) and after swelling give it to the fish. If you feed with dry feed, then use several types of dry feed from different manufacturers, and give preference to those brands where it is explicitly stated - "feed with a high vegetable content." Strongly recommend buying food known western brands and in original packaging. Bulk food in bags and bags of Chastsenko either overdue or simply spoiled. And in general to understand what is often impossible there.
Goldfish can always give the impression of being hungry, but do not feed them much. Metabolism in fish is completely different, so where a warm-blooded animal will die of hunger, goldfish will experience mild discomfort. If you go somewhere else, then without any consequences, two weeks are maintained without any feeding. If there are plants in the aquarium, you can safely leave the aquarium for a month, the plants will eat the truth. In no case do not need to feed in reserve.
Keep in mind that goldfish are rheumatoid fish, so food in the digestive tract of goldfish is poorly processed. So, gold is allowed all these remnants to re-digging constantly constantly digging at the bottom.
All the above written refers to the feeding of adult goldfish, feeding juveniles up to the age of 3 months is different from feeding adult fish (hunger strikes are not allowed there and as much of the feed as possible should be alive).
The cockerel fish was told to feed a couple of special flakes once a day. she quickly eats. and you can feed 2 times ???
It all depends on the conditions in which the fish lives. Males are often kept completely in small aquarium-glasses, where it is very difficult to observe the quality of the water. Fish not only eat, but also defecate, like any other living creatures. In a large aquarium fish excrement is utilized by good bacteria, and in a small one there are too few. Therefore - the more a fish eats, the more it poisons itself. Because it secretes substances, for her, poisonous as well. If the aquarium is very small, for a liter or two, then it is better not to switch to two meals a day. If more, then everything is easier. It is possible and twice, but it is not necessary to overfeed anyway, the fish do not know satiety and often die from obesity. If it has come, it is already very difficult to cure. You just need to get used to and recognize the normal fact that he will actively “ask” for food whenever he sees you, regardless of the amount of food already eaten.
But he can eat both live and dry food. And from the dry will not die, as long as there is diversity. Feeding the same food, including live food, is what really weakens the body. And so cockerels for hundreds of generations in captivity have long been accustomed to such a diet.
You can read a detailed article about the conditions required by this fish on our website, there are many author articles on aquarism (with the insertion of links there is complete guard, so if you don’t attach now, you can search for the website "House without keys", and It is a section "Reference book on aquarium fish" and the article "Betta fish, cockerel"). [link blocked by project administration]
You can feed twice a day, giving half the daily rate!
The fish have no feeling of hunger and they eat as much as they like. As a result, obesity of internal organs, liver disease and fast death.
In addition, water spoils from excess feed, bacteria multiply in it, water grows turbid and does not smell good
fish can not be overfed, it is harmful to them, there may be obesity. much better if the fish will starve a little. they can live without any food at all for 10 days without harm to health, so do not be afraid. besides, if you give a lot of food, it will not be eaten and fall to the bottom, as a result, the water in the aqua will go out, smell, grow muddy and the fish will die ...
Overfeeding is the first cause of death of aquarium fish. Fish can not be overfed but can not be left hungry.
Contrary to popular belief, most fish that die from overeating do not suffer from any gastrointestinal problems. In fact, the problem arises from food debris that pollutes the water. Foods that decompose in an aquarium are extremely toxic to fish. Common signs of overfeeding are easily noticed in any type of aquarium: turbid water, algae growth, mold, fungi, filter clogging, etc.
There are a few simple steps that can ensure that the fish get the proper and safe amount of food.
First, you need to organize a feeding schedule. In no case can not feed the fish every day. It is better to give food every few days in sufficient quantities.
Secondly, it is necessary to determine the correct amount of feed. This is largely dependent on the specific needs of the fish. The best way to determine this is to serve food in small quantities. At the same time it is necessary to monitor the amount, when there are remains of feed in the water. Any food residue not eaten in 5 minutes will be surplus.
Food quality is also important. Poor quality food, expired or unsuitable for this type of fish, will cause the problems discussed above. Different types of fish have different requirements: someone prefers flakes, someone pellets, etc. It is extremely important to know the type of food of your fish.
And finally, the third step - the installation of powerful, high-quality filters. You can make an additional "cleaner" of the lower part of the aquarium, for example, catfish.