How to clean and wash the aquarium filter
How to clean the aquarium filter? Cleaning the aquarium filter and aeration is not such a difficult task. Nevertheless, I think that on the aquarium website there should be some kind of visual aid for cleaning this unit. Modern aquarium filtration and aeration systems, regardless of the manufacturer’s brand and estimated volume, are identical and similar to each other. In this article, for clarity, we clean the filter - the company ATAN, in the same way you can clean the same Aquael-ev filters and others. Before the start of the instruction, I would like to draw the reader’s attention to the fact that the cleaning of the aquarium filter can be divided into two types:
- cleaning of filter elements;
- and full cleaning, that is, cleaning and filtering and mechanical elements;
Cleaning of filter elements is carried out regularly and as they become clogged, but full cleaning is recommended only in cases where colonies of microorganisms and so on interfere with the normal operation of the equipment.
It should be borne in mind that cleaning the aquarium filter to a sterile purity is not worth it - thus you will kill the beneficial colonies of bacteria that also participate in the biological cleaning of aquarium water and help maintain the bio balance in the aquarium.
Have you ever wondered why in the filter, as a rule, two filter sponges, and not one? It is precisely in order to rinse one sponge and leave another for the speedy reproduction of a useful colony of bacteria throughout the filter.When I first started doing aquaria, I was often told at the pet store: do not wash the filter in hot water, do not use soap and other detergents! For that period, I did not understand the essence of the advice - I dismissed it, which I later regretted. Since at the beginning of time, the aquarium was covered with an incomprehensible white mud, slime and other ficaks, which obviously indicated a violation of the biobalance in the aquarium. Actually for the same reason, the aquarists' gurus always say that old water is always better than fresh and too frequent or illiterate replacement of aquarium water with fresh water also leads to a violation of the biobalance.
From the above, you can deduce the following rules, which must be observed in the care and cleaning of the aquarium filter: - CLEAN THE FILTER IS NECESSARY AS NECESSARY. Try to wash filtration and aeration as rarely as possible. The timing and frequency are purely individual and depend on many factors. I try not to wash the filter and aeration until it finally clogs.
- DO NOT CARRY OUT THE FILTER CLEAN AND FILTER ELEMENTS WITH SOAP AND OTHER DETERGENTS. This will completely kill the flora formed in the filter. You should also not do this in hot water.- DO NOT "STERILIZE" the FILTER, leave at least some of the bacteria. Well, now proceed to cleaning and washing the filter. To do this, take out the filter and carry it into the bath.
We disassemble: we disconnect blocks with a filtering element
Main mechanical block
Container with filter element
Sponge filter element
Empty container, without sponge
Disconnect the safety cap
We disassemble the cap into two components
We see a motor with blades
We take out a motor, pulling it
Disconnect the adapter air intake
In summary we get this picture
Wash the filter element
My filter motor
Clean the inside of the mechanical unit,
can use cotton buds
Clean the air supply switch
you can use a needle to clean the hole
After cleaning everything, we collect the filter in the reverse order.
Install the filter in the aquarium, connect to the network
How to clean the aquarium - the secrets and tricks
How many articles have been written about this, how much has been said ... but still people are interested in this question. Our site also has a fairly comprehensive article that HOW TO WASH THE AQUARIUM.
In this article I would like to pay attention to the ways and means of cleaning the aquarium.
So, first of all the walls (glass) of the aquarium are cleaned. This action should be carried out in the event that the walls of the aquarium rummaged, for example, green dots or brown patina. To do this, you can use special magnetic scrubs or brushes for aquariums. Like these ones:
Such magnetic brushes for an aquarium, very well cope with their task -
in just a few seconds, all algal green and brown fouling are scrubbed off the aquarium glass
However, it is worth noting that they need to work very carefully. Alas, if even a small grain of sand gets under the magnetic scraper, they can seriously scratch the glass of the aquarium. If you do not notice it in time, then you can end up with the Aquarium Kruger Aquarium - all scratched and spattered.
Such a careless or inattentive cleaning can lead not only to a violation of the aesthetic appearance of the aquarium, but also to the overgrowth of scratches into cracks, and these are already serious things, threatening with flood!!!
Therefore, if your aquarium is not very deep and there is no need to rub it to insanity, I recommend using softer and more elastic materials. For example, here are such a sponge for washing dishes:
Such a sponge has a soft and hard side, which is very convenient - it is possible to carry out a general rubbing with the soft side, and more polluted places to rub hard. With this method of cleaning the aquarium the risk of making a scratch is minimal. Firstly, because you carry out all the manipulations with your hand and feel all your actions are tactile. Secondly, even if the grain of sand falls under the sponge, it is unlikely to scratch the glass.
After using the sponge in the aquarium, rinse it under the tap and let it dry until the next time.
There is another "miracle thing", invented by mankind and which is widely used to clean the aquarium, her name - TOOTHBRUSH!
Toothbrush, an indispensable thing for cleaning the walls and green aquarium decor. It is especially useful in nano (small) aquariums and Amanovsky herbalists, where you need to work with small objects and carefully.
IT SHOULD BE NOTEDthat all aquariums are different, and each have different aquatic organisms, but the excessive appearance of green and brown spots or plaque in the aquarium is a signal not very good condition of the aquariumnamely the poor water quality. Green and brown patches are algae, lower plant organisms that appear at the first opportunity: mud, overpopulation of the aquarium, high concentrations of ammonia, nitrites and nitrates, lack of sufficient living plant biomass, lack of proper water changes ... these are just some common causes greening the aquarium.
What to do in such cases? First, take advantage of algaecide preparations from algae, sold in all pet stores. For example, the widely used Tetra Aqua Algo Stop depot or, for example, Ermolaeva Algitsid + CO2 parole. Secondly, all the green decorations (stones, grottoes, plastic) can be removed from the aquarium and soaked in whiteness (bleach), then carefully rub them and after !!! very, very carefully !!! Rinse in clean, running water several times. Thirdly, it is necessary to eliminate the cause of the excessive appearance of algae: settle the fish, increase the frequency and volume of water changes, reduce the light day, and so on.
By cleaning the aquarium, you can also include cleaning the filter and siphon aquarium bottom.
It is not difficult to wash the filter - it is necessary to carry out this manipulation as necessary, i.e. when the filter starts to work poorly. At the same time, it is desirable to wash sponges or other filtering materials in a basin with aquarium water. Thereby, you will cause less damage to the beneficial colony of bacteria that has formed in the filter. For an example of filter cleaning, see this ARTICLE.
As for the siphon of the aquarium bottom, such a manipulation should also be carried out as far as the aquarium floor is contaminated, “silted”. It is performed using an aquarium siphon, which can also be purchased at any pet store. See - The best siphons for aquarium - Forum aquarists.
After you have cleaned the walls and aquarium decorations, siphoned off the soil, washed and installed the filter and other equipment, replace or refill fresh, separated water and even after, wipe the aquarium from the outside with a dry cloth, while you can use a glass cleaner. Aquarium cleaning is over !!!
How to clean aquarium video examples
How to wash the aquarium with fish
Taking care of the fish in the aquarium, from time to time you have to face the problem - how to clean the aquarium at home. Regardless of whether it is large or small, an accumulation of algae and organic matter accumulates on its walls, and the water becomes cloudy. To do the right cleaning, you must comply with a number of requirements so that the life of the fish at this time was safe.
Aquarium after the "launch"
The first months after the "launch" of the aquarium, it is necessary to monitor the state of its cleanliness, removing the remnants of rotten food and decorations. Once a week it is necessary to replace the water with pure and infused water, but not completely. If the aquarium lives correctly, then biological balance will be established in it, the water will become transparent with a yellowish tinge. When this happens, you can do the first cleaning.
What you need
The first thing to do is to collect materials for cleaning the aquarium. To make it shine clean, you should prepare:
- Clean bucket or large bowl;
- Algae scraper;
- Hose siphon and gravel vacuum unit.
Before starting work, you need to prepare a new water. Replacement will require removal of stagnant water from the tank (20-30% of the total volume). If you keep sea fish, prepare the correct proportions of sea salt for water. Make sure that the new water is free from chlorine, organic matter and other harmful impurities. An important rule is that water is considered infused if chlorine has eroded from it for several days. Other indicators of water (hardness, alkalinity, acidity) can be checked with a litmus indicator, the temperature of the water - with a specially designed thermometer. Usually, the water is infused for 48 hours, then it can be considered free from minerals contained in tap water. 2 hours before washing and 2 hours after it, it is undesirable to give fish food.
Use a new bucket or bowl to clean the aquarium, not the ones that were used for cleaning floors. On the used items remain chemicals that are part of the soap or household chemicals. They are detrimental to the life of the fish. Make sure your hands are clean and free from soap or lotion. Do not forget to turn off the filter and disconnect it from the aquarium, turn off other electrical devices before the cleaning process.
- Wash the tank walls
You can not use any detergent in order to wash the walls of the aquarium. Even cleaning in this way the outer side of it is detrimental to the health of the fish. Traces of soil and algae can be cleaned with a special scraper, which easily cleans impurities. If it does not work with a scraper, try a blade. The outer part of the wall, including the cover, can be cleaned with a sponge or cloth moistened with water. There are special solutions for washing aquariums that are safe for pets. They are sold in pet stores.
See how to clean aquarium glass from overgrown dirt and algae.
- Siphon water part
You should leave some of the water in the aquarium, which is also useful to the fish. Sudden changes in water conditions at a time are too harmful. You can use the type of siphon that you have. Follow the instructions included with the instrument to achieve optimum results.
Drain the water in a bucket, bowl or sink with a siphon with a hose.
* Be careful when pumping water from the tank. Be careful that the fish, plants and the ground do not disappear along with the dirt.
- Sorting decorations, sand or gravel at the bottom of the tank
The material lining the bottom of your tank should be cleaned so that any food, garbage and other waste can be removed. Instead of removing this material from the aquarium, washing it or replacing it, simply place a gravel vacuum on it. As long as it stays at the bottom of the tank, use a siphon to suction any material that should not be there.
- Cleaning plants, wooden decorations
In most cases, you can clean all the accessories in the tank with an algae scraper, but if they are too dirty, it is best to take them out of the tank and wash them in a clean sink. Do not use soap or any other cleaner. In some cases, a solution of water and salt (for decoration) is used. Let the scenery dry before putting it back into the tank.
- Pour new water
Once you have done everything to clean the aquarium, you can pour clean water into it, or use a siphon hose to pump water from a bucket or bowl. Connect the heating and lighting.
What if you can't wash the filter while cleaning the rest of the aquarium? It is impossible to clean the filter with all the decorations and water at once, it can be to the detriment of all fish and plants due to a sharp change in the balance of the aquatic environment. Two or three times a month the filter can be disassembled independently and cleaned with a toothbrush. But properly clean the filter in this way, which is listed in the instructions for its use.
See how to clean the internal aquarium filter.
Keep the aquarium clean
In order to maintain the ability to see the fish through the glass, you should wash the tank about once every 1-2 weeks. So you can prevent the formation of large algae and organic matter, formed as a result of the vital activity of fish. Some algae and non-decaying organics are harvested with the help of the “orderlies” of the aquarium - catfish or snails. Of course, this will depend on the conditions of your aquarium and how much fish already lives in it.
How often should the aquarium be cleaned often :: aquarium fish cleaning aquarium :: aquarium fish
How often should I clean the aquarium
It is almost impossible to create an ideal environment in a homemade artificial pond in which the aquarium would not have to be washed and cleaned at all. Of course, the snails and some other inhabitants partially cope with the pollution that has appeared, but a moment comes when the owner’s help cannot be dispensed with. And here it is important to determine the optimal frequency of cleaning water house.
The question "opened a pet shop. Business is not going. What to do?" - 2 answers
1. Clean the aquarium depends on its volume, because if your pond is less than 60 liters, then it will have to be cleaned quite often. At the initial stage, the cause of heavy pollution may be the absence of normal microflora in the aquarium, this indicates its incorrect start. In this case, you can use special preparations that allow you to quickly populate the bacteria in the home water. If your aquarium is small, then you need to clean it as needed, it all depends on the specific conditions and well-being of aquatic inhabitants. Very small aquariums of 10-15 liters are usually cleaned once a week.
2. Cleaning the aquarium involves bleaching the scenery, washing artificial plants and, of course, removing plaque from the walls. Regarding water, regardless of the time of general cleaning, it is partially necessary to replace it approximately once every one or two weeks. If you think that the aquarium has to be cleaned too often, then try to reduce the amount of food. It is possible that the aquarium filter does not cope with the number of inhabitants and the volume of water, in this case it is worth replacing it or installing an additional one.
3. Consider that the more inhabitants fall on the volume of your aquarium, the more often it has to be cleaned, therefore it is not recommended to densely populate the home water body. In addition, you risk losing your pets. Not all types of aquarium fish are able to adapt to frequent water changes and cleaning the aquarium. Remember that with the right microflora, a month usually replaces no more than one third of the total water volume.
4. In general, if the volume of the aquarium is more than 100 liters, then it has to be cleaned quite rarely. If a large aquarium is equipped with all the necessary equipment, then it needs general cleaning no more than once a month. Usually this procedure is limited to removing plaque from the walls using a special magnetic sponge. Sometimes during a partial water change, aquarists remove dirt from the bottom using a small hose with a pear at the end, but often the filters and the aquatic inhabitants themselves cope with this problem.
5. If you often have to clean a large-volume aquarium, this indicates an error in its content. Today there are special services and consultants on issues related to aquariums. Turning to a specialist, you can find out the causes of pollution. Remember that the condition of your fish and plants directly depends on the state of the microflora in the aquarium.
Remember that too frequent replacement of water - stress for fish and plants, and if you have to completely change it, then there can be no question of stabilizing the microflora in the aquarium.
If you notice a brown fleecy plaque on the walls and plants, this indicates an invasion of brown algae, cleaning the aquarium is almost useless, you need to deal with the cause of the problem.
How to clean the water in the aquarium :: why you need a pump in an aquarium :: Aquarium fish
How to clean the water in the aquarium
The aquarium is a small body of water inhabited by water. In order to maintain biological balance in it, various means and methods are used. One of the methods is water purification in an aquarium.
The question "opened a pet shop. Business is not going. What to do?" - 2 answers
To clean the water, use special aquarium filters, working with electric pumps or air flow. There are universal filters in which you can adjust the rate of flow of water. They are used in aquariums inhabited by various types of fish.
External suspension filter - is a plastic box, consisting of several sections. This filter is located outside the aquarium. Its principle of operation is very simple: water is taken from the aquarium, filtered and returned. Visually, this process resembles a waterfall.
Air lift filter is a small plastic container that has various shapes: a cylinder, a cube or a pyramid. Water enters the filter through a perforated cover, goes under pressure from top to bottom through filtering material, then rises along the airlift and goes outside. This type of filter is suitable for small aquariums as an additional filter.
Filter canister - is a vertical cylinder, at the top of which there is an electric pump. Water from the aquarium goes through the plastic tubes and passes through the filtering material. This filter is very good for large aquariums.
A sponge filter is the most primitive and at the same time the most popular type of filter consisting of a perforated tube with jaw cartridges attached to it. Contaminated water enters the sponge filter, is cleaned, and exits through the tube.
Types of filter materials
Calcium carbonate - increases water hardness and acidity. Visually similar to limestone crushed stone, sand or coral chips. Used as a mechanical or biological filter.
Activated carbon - fixes all unnecessary substances on its surface and disposes of medicines and heavy metals dissolved in water.
Gravel is a filter that can be used endlessly.
The aquarium is filled with water, usually with the help of a pump, which is a pump. Very many pumps are designed for both fresh and seawater. They are submersible and external.
Depending on the type and type of filter material, the appropriate care for the aquarium is carried out. Means for mechanical cleaning (various scrapers and sponges) must be constantly cleaned. Chemical filter materials require periodic updates. Biological filters are partially replaceable.
In addition to the use of filters, it is necessary to clean the aquarium bottom once a month. The procedure is performed using a rubber tube with a tip made of plastic or glass. The diameter of the tube opening should not prevent the passage of water through it with garbage.
Twice a week it is recommended to change from 15 to 30% of the total water volume of the aquarium. Water for this pre-defend one to two days.
Also to normalize the condition of the water will help special chemicals that are completely harmless to the inhabitants of the aquarium. The choice of such chemistry is quite diverse and is present in almost all pet stores.