How to feed aquarium fish
In order to understand how many times a day it is necessary to feed aquarium fish, it is necessary to understand the peculiarities of their nutrition in their natural habitat. All types of fish borrowed from their natural ancestors taste preferences and diet. What do all the fish usually eat?
- Herbivores - these fish have a long digestive system, which indicates the habit of often eating small portions. In their natural habitat, they eat algae, plants, fruits, and seeds.
- Carnivores - have a large stomach, so they eat a lot, but not as often as herbivores. In nature, these fish eat dead animals, small fish, insects, invertebrates, birds, amphibians.
- Omnivorous - the diet of these fish several times a day, they prefer both vegetable and protein foods.
See how to make vegetable food for aquarium fish.
According to the diet and diet, their aquarium fish need to be given such food that suits them. Typically, domestic fish fed live, frozen, dry, vegetable food, which is sold in stores. It is important that food be varied and rich in healthy vitamins and minerals.
Live food should be given to carnivorous and omnivorous fish. This is a bloodworm, a pipe worker, a daphnia, a coretera, an infusorium, a rotifer, a gammarus. They must be stored in the freezer, they quickly deteriorate. Fish fry need to be grown on live food, due to protein, they become resistant to diseases. Also, as a live feed, small fishes are served with veal, minced fish, chicken meat, liver, invertebrate meat, chicken eggs. Vegetable food is necessary for herbivorous and omnivorous fish - these can be vegetables, fruits, algae, plants, cereal porridge.
Once a week, the fish are satisfied with a fasting day, or a mini-hunger strike. It cleans the intestines, eliminates the effects of overeating, helps to heal sick fish. In the natural environment, fish can live without food for a long time, so a one-day hunger strike will not harm them.
About the regime of feeding in captivity
To feed the fish you need so that they do not overeat, and were full of food. Diet depends on the age of the pet and the characteristics of its digestive system. Adults usually eat 2 times a day, which is enough for them. Youngsters aged 1-2 months should eat 4 times a day. And fry up to one month old need to be fed every 3-6 hours. During the spawning period, the fish should be given less food, sometimes not feeding the first few days after breeding. Two weeks before spawning, producers, on the contrary, should correctly produce more live food.
No matter how many fish you keep, you need to give them all the food at the same time. Begin in the morning, an hour after turning on the lights. The last feeding should occur 2 hours before the lighting is turned off. The question of novice aquarists is how much food to give, and how often? Give us enough food so that they can eat it in 5 minutes. Do not feed often, but in small portions, so that they completely swallow them. Unfinished leftovers can be removed with a net to avoid rotting.
Feed pellets depend on the age and size of the fish. Juveniles should eat food that does not exceed the size of their eyes. Dry food in the form of granules, flakes and tablets is recommended to be ground to dust. Adult fish like to grab larger particles of food, they do not eat dust. In order for all the inhabitants of the household water body to be satisfied with feeding, install special feeders for dry and live food in the tank. Of these, food is not frayed, and pets can eat it calmly.
See how to properly feed dry fish aquarium fish.
How to feed fish
There are general feeding rules for all fish that need to be followed constantly:
- Properly feed the fish with the food that is right for them, consider the physiological characteristics of all species living in the general aquarium.
- Do not overfeed your pets - give food not too often, in small portions.
- For aquarium fish, the best nutrition is a variety of foods.
- No matter how much food you put in the tank, remove the remnants of it after the meal.
- The number of meals should correspond to the size and age of the fish.
- Do not feed the fish immediately after turning on the light, or before bedtime.
- In the diet of aquarium fish should be natural food, and not just artificial, purchased.
What should get the fish from the feed received
How many times a week should a fish eat, and what portion of nutrients does it need to receive from food? It all depends on individual calculations. Carnivorous and omnivorous fish can be fed according to this scheme:
- The first day of the week - dry food of the first type (chips or pellets) once a day.
- The second - dry food of the second type, 1 time per day.
- The third - live food (for example, artemia or bloodworms), 1 time per day.
- The fourth - dry food of the first type, 2 times a day.
- Fifth - dry or vegetable food, 2 times a day.
- The sixth is live food (the pipe-worker, daphnia) and vegetable food.
- The seventh - unloading diet.
Feeding in an aquarium can be made differently, and you can make your own scheme. Be sure to alternate between dry, live and vegetable food. If the fish is herbivorous, it should eat only vegetable and dry food (spirulina tablets). Do not forget about the vitamins that should receive a pet for a full life. If you buy food of famous brands, look at the composition, it indicates all the trace elements and vitamins that the fish will receive after eating.
- Vitamin A is needed for cell division, in particular in fry and young. Lack of this component can cause growth retardation, curvature of the spine and deformation of the fins, and constant stress.
- Vitamin E - plays an important role in the development of the reproductive system.
- Vitamin D3 is essential for the development and growth of the skeletal system.
- Vitamins of group B (thiamine - B1, riboflavin - B2, cyanocobalamin - B12) are necessary for the normalization of metabolic processes in the body.
- Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is involved in the formation of bone system and teeth, strengthens the immune system, improves metabolism.
- Vitamin H (biotin) - is required for proper cell formation.
- Vitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin, it is required for the synthesis of proteins, provides blood clotting.
- Vitamin M (B9, folic acid) - develops the immune system, the circulatory system. Improves scales color.
- Vitamin B4 (choline) - required for fish growth, synthesizes the amount of sugar in the blood.
How to feed aquarium fish?
Proper and rational nutrition of fish - a guarantee of health and longevity, not only adults, but also future offspring. Let's talk a little about nutrition, volume and feeding regimes. What feed is better to use, whether it is possible to give pets homemade or still better purchased.
It's no secret that nutrition is one of the most important components of life. From its quality, quantity and composition depends on how long and happy will be the life of an organism. Such arguments are valid for aquarium fish too. If you do not want your small water-loving pets to be stunted and constantly sick, you need to feed them with the right food that suits them. Also, do not forget about the balance of proteins, micro and macronutrients, fats and carbohydrates.
Food in vivo
In order to understand how to feed aquarium fish, you need to know what they eat in their natural habitat. As a rule, for different types of fish it is quite dissimilar products.
So what do fish eat? Consider this question in more detail.
Herbivores have a long digestive tract, which indicates the need for frequent feeding in small portions. The feeding of such fish in the natural environment, as a rule, consists of a variety of algae, plant particles, fruits and seeds.
Carnivorous species have, in turn, a pronounced large stomach, which means they must eat food in large quantities a small number of times. Under natural conditions, they usually feed on live or dead small animals, insects, birds, invertebrates, amphibians.
Omnivores. Even on the basis of their name, it becomes clear that such species prefer any acceptable food.
Which feed is better?
Each species requires a different food, so it is impossible to formulate a diet for all aquarium inhabitants at once. Only a specialist can help you with this. Of course, you can use homemade food in the diet of waterfowl, but you can not always take into account the full range of essential macro-and micronutrients. And the preparation of the feed itself requires a lot of time and taking into account all the technological nuances.
As a rule, fish kept in aquariums are fed mainly with dry food and insects, protozoa, sold in pet shops. It is advisable to add to this a small percentage of allowed for this type of natural products, such as fruits.
Live food is necessary for carnivorous and omnivorous fish, especially during the spawning period. To it can be attributed, for example, moth, pipemaker, daphnia, ciliates. Store such food in the freezer refrigerator. But the main thing is not to keep it for too long. There is a time for everything.
Fry raised on animal feed are more active in behavior and most resistant to diseases. The younger generation can be fed with yogurt. It contains the necessary bacteria and vitamins.
As a living food, you can use minced fish, poultry, liver, invertebrates, eggs. And from plant foods algae, vegetables, fruits, cereals are perfect.
Hunger for body benefits
Approximately 1 time a week, the fish need to organize a preventive hunger strike. This will help cleanse their intestines. Especially it is not necessary to burden the food of sick individuals, it will slow down the healing process. It is better to hold them for 2 days without food, do not worry, they will not die of hunger. In natural conditions, they are not able to eat for very long.
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The feeding regime, as a rule, directly depends on the age of the fish. Adults have enough 2 meals a day. This completely covers their needs. At the same time, the fry from 1 to 2 months are fed 4 times a day. Up to 1 month - every 3-4 hours, young fry - every 6 hours.
During spawning, fish-producers are cut back on food, not feeding the first couple of days, and after giving significantly less food than during normal times.
Feeding time should be no more than 5 minutes. This gap is enough to fish ate. After that, it is necessary to remove the remains, otherwise they will begin to rot and spoil the entire internal environment of the aquarium.
It is very important to remember that the size of food particles for different age groups is also different.
For very young fish, it should not exceed the size of the eye, otherwise the fry simply will not be able to eat it and will always remain hungry. Therefore, large dry food need to fray fingers in fine dust. You can buy ready-ground powdered fry food.
At the same time, adults are not enthusiastic about eating crumbs at all, so they need more impressive pieces.
To ensure that all residents of the aquarium will be satisfied, you can resort to using special feeders (for live and dry food). Such troughs are attached to the aquarium and they are already feeding there directly. So the food does not spread across the entire surface of the aquarium, and the fish can safely eat it.
Much has already been said about feeding rules. However, it is necessary to combine them into one section for the convenience of readers.
Basic feeding rules:
- feed the appropriate food for this type of fish;
- do not overfeed;
- give a variety of products;
- clean up the rest of the feed net;
- the number of feedings should be commensurate with age;
- do not feed at bedtime;
- The presence of natural food in the diet is required.
When starting any living creature at home, it is important to always remember that it is not only joy, but also a great responsibility. Without proper care, any living thing will not live long. Not an exception and fish. Therefore, watching your diet, do not forget about little friends. And then they will delight you with their beauty and playful mood for a very long time.
Video from professional aquarists about proper feeding of fish:
How to feed the fish in the aquarium?
Thinking about what pets to have, many opt for aquarium fish. Indeed, just admiring their colorful colors and smooth forms can forget about anxiety and depression.
However, the apparent simplicity of fish care is actually deceptive. They, like any creature, need a comfortable habitat, constant care and proper nutrition.
How to feed the fish in the aquarium?
Feeding the fish in an aquarium should fully satisfy their needs, not exceeding the latter. So, for mature fish, one meal is enough. And even in your absence, they steadfastly hold out for several days on a starvation diet. Another thing, if you brought fry. Their young and growing organisms require more intensive nutrition, so in this case, preferably two meals a day.
It is advisable simultaneously with the acquisition of fish to understand how much they need food and how to feed the fish in the aquarium fully, but not to overfeed. The main rule - the feed should be absorbed in 5-10 minutes. All the rest is brute force for your pets stomach and water pollution in the aquarium. On average, the amount of feed per day is up to 3% by weight of the fish. Estimate the weight of the inhabitants of the aquarium, and thus determine the amount of necessary food for them.
Distribute food is evenly over the entire area of the aquarium, and not throw in one place. So you prevent the accumulation of fish and their struggle for food.
It is important to consider the feeding habits of different types of fish. Depending on whether they are carnivorous, herbivorous, or omnivorous, shape the ration accordingly.
It should be noted that the correctness of feeding the fish in an aquarium depends not only on the frequency and size of the portion, but also largely on the characteristics of the food.
Aquarium fish nutrition
For the health and longevity of aquarium fish is important a diverse and high-quality food. Many breeders mistakenly believe that falling asleep every day the same set of nutritional components, the fish are saturated with him and feel good. This is a misconception and a direct path to the diseases and unexpected deaths of your pets. It is very useful to understand the features of different food for aquarium fish.
This is the most common type of feed. Its convenience consists in simplicity of use and various structure which can be picked up for each type of fish. Also a positive point in dry food is its different consistency - from small grains for fry to large pellets for adult predators.
This delicacy for all representatives of the aquarium. These are bloodworms, worms, insects and other living organisms that are consumed by fish. Also this category includes small fish, which acts as food for predators. It is necessary to monitor the quality of such food, so as not to poison the pets with stale food and not to infect with a disease that a representative of the live food could suffer.
It is nothing like frozen live food. You can buy it, and you can make it yourself and store it in the freezer. Do not forget to bring the food to the temperature of the water in the aquarium before feeding.
This type of food is suitable for herbivores. It is not difficult to cook it - you need to chop the vegetables or greens you have and boil it with boiling water or boil it. Such food is better placed in the feeder, and not scatter around the aquarium.
In addition to these feeds, fish are not averse to feast on all sorts of algae and even wood. But it is better to discuss this kind of food together with the consultant of the store where you buy fish.
How to feed aquarium fish?
How to feed aquarium fish? Dear reader, this article is generalized. A more complete article on this question - How and how much to feed the fish
The answers to this question are quite simple, but at the same time they have an individual character - that is, they depend on the specific type of aquarium fish, on the volume of the aquarium, and other nuances!
Answering the question - HOW TO FEED FISH? You can generally say that you need to feed the pets so that after 2-3 minutes the abandoned feed will be eaten. In covering this issue, it should be noted that it is better to feed the fish rather than overfeed. Do not feed the fish much and often. Make sure that this situation does not work out when - you fed the fish, then the spouse, and then also the children!
Moreover, starvation of the fish is a diet, it brings only benefit to the fish! Arrange for the fish once a month fasting days - do not feed the fish for 2 days. Following these recommendations, you will get rid of the risk of pet diseases of gastrointestinal diseases and only improve their health!
The second point that should be covered on the issue - HOW TO FEED FISH! Food - kormeshka for fish should be balanced and diverse, in addition, it must meet the individual needs of a specific type of fish swimming in your "aquarium". Often, many make a big mistake and feed the fish with one type of feed (for example, dry)! Such a policy of keeping fish and such feeding leads in time to the question - HOW TO HOW TO TREAT A FISH? Food should be: quality, diverse. At the same time, no one tells you that you need to feed the fish delicacies. But to combine, for example, dry and frozen food - it is possible, it is not so expensive!
In addition, different fish prefer different food, some, for example, well, really need vegetable food! Taking into account such features, select the appropriate feed, balance it.
WHEN TO FEED FISH? This question is also individual for a particular type of fish. For example, the majority of aquarium catfish are nocturnal, and therefore it is desirable to feed them in a dark time drain.
But since most fish are diurnal, it is better to feed them during the daytime - in the morning or at lunch.
HOW MUCH TO FEED?
I feed mine once a day, in the morning. However, many recommend feeding aquarium fish 2 twice a day. Actually I do not see anything wrong with that. The main thing is to follow the rule, the food should be eaten in 2-3 minutes.
WHAT FEED TO FEED A FISH?
A lot of important issue of feed for aquarium fish is the question of its quality. Certainly you can “get aquarium food” in the old manner - to hunt ponds or tormented with bloodworms. You can buy feed in bird markets! However, no one will give you guarantees! Moreover, such feed is dangerous to the health of your pets.
To protect yourself from problems, and the aquarium from infection - it is recommended to buy food only in the branded pet shops of your city. It should look at the label and the date of production.
Internet pet-shops have gained wide popularity in our time: resources involved in the sale of aquariums, aquarium equipment, fish feed and other aquarium preparations. Without leaving your home, you can select and order the necessary products. In addition, prices in online stores are much lower than the retail price of goods.As a recommendation, I suggest you pay attention
on the time-tested online pet store:In the section "Feed and treats for fish" you can watch, read and order any aquarium feed of all known
foreign and domestic firms
"Feed and treats for fish"
In addition, in the pet store you will find other aquarium products:
filters, aeration, lamps, aquariums, inventory.
As well as many other products: for cats, dogs and rodents
How and how much to feed the fish
FOOD FOR AQUARIUM FISH: dry food for fish, frozen food for fish, live food for fish, homemade food for fishCategory: Aquarium Articles / USEFUL TIPS FOR CONTENTING FISHES | Views: 5 914 | Date: 23-05-2013, 20:27 | Comments (2) We also recommend reading:
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Feeding guppies. How to feed a guppy fish
Guppy - the most common type of aquarium fish. They are beautiful, unpretentious and friendly. Probably, every aquarium enthusiast began with the breeding of this particular species of fish. Today, a huge number of new species of guppies with an attractive bright color, which become an ornament of any aquarium, have been bred. As already mentioned, guppies are completely unpretentious, but some features of the content of these creatures have a place to be. One of the highlights in the guppy content is nutrition. Not only the health of the fish itself depends on proper nutrition, but also the health of its offspring, which, as we know, is not difficult to obtain. Let's figure out how to feed the guppy fish.
Experienced aquarists have come to the common opinion that it is necessary to feed guppies 3 times a day, if possible, you can do it more often. Such a fractional diet primarily affects the appearance of the offspring. Compliance with this simple rule contributes to obtaining highly decorative posterity.
Live and fresh food
Feeding fish should be balanced, which will save them from many diseases. The basis of food should be living organisms such as pipe, bloodworm, daphnia, artemia, coretra. Guppies willingly eat fresh, finely chopped meat, squid fillet and fish. They do not refuse the liver, heart and caviar. In the cold season, live food may not be available, but some guppy breeders freeze food or grow it at home.
Plant food should not form the basis of a guppy diet, but its presence is mandatory. As a vegetable feed, you can use chopped dry lettuce, parsley, spinach and sea kale. Before you feed the fish, dry leaves must be scalded with boiling water.
Sometimes guppies can be fed with slightly boiled cereals, hercules and semolina are perfect. Bread can also be used as a top dressing. Guppies can be pampered by giving them some cheese, cottage cheese, or liver sausage.
Today, there is a large number of ready-made dry feeds for all types of fish. Feed the guppy only dry food is absolutely impossible. Such feed should be of high quality and constitute only a small part of the diet of fish.
Even the most balanced diet can not always provide guppies with all the necessary vitamins. To maintain the health of fish, it is necessary to add oil solutions of vitamins to food. One or two drops of fish oil and two or three drops of a solution of vitamins A, E, D must be added to the package of dry food and mixed thoroughly. The shelf life of such a mixture is 2-3 days.
The main rules for feeding guppies are diet and a varied, balanced diet. Do not feed the fish with the same food for several days.
The organization of balanced feeding of guppies and a properly formulated diet will ensure a comfortable living of these lovely fish in the aquarium, and they will be able to please you not only with their bright appearance, but also with healthy and beautiful offspring.