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How and how much to feed the fish



HOW AND HOW MUCH TO FEED A FISH?

One of the most important question for any living thing on the Planet is the question of food. Alas, for some reason, in most cases, with respect to aquarium fish, people forget about it and believe that having filled them with a pinch of daphnia or other food, this will be quite enough for their normal existence. However, it is not!

The diet of any pet should be varied and correct. For example, people buy kittens and dogs for dry food, meat, chicken and milk with sour cream. Moreover, they give vitamins and other supplements. The same should be the aquarium pets. Their diet should be balanced. A beginner aquarist should not be afraid of "scary words": live food, freezing, live dust. No need to think that all this needs to get, grind and cook. Everything is much easier than it seems! And in this I will try to convince you.

Various feeding fish - the key to success

All aquarium fish can be divided into: carnivorous, herbivorous and omnivorous. This gradation of fish can be further broken down into: phytophages, limnofagof, malakofagi, ichthyophages, parasitic ..., but the essence of the gradation remains the same, so we will not focus on this.
Most aquarium fish are omnivorous. That is, their diet should include both vegetable and "meat" - protein food. From this statement we can make a logical conclusion that feeding the fish with one type of food will not bring anything to good. Not getting enough of the necessary nutrients the fish become sluggish, their immunity decreases, the body becomes unable to resist the pathogenic flora, the fish get sick and die. A very good example is the research of ichthyologists, who have established that even unpretentious, viviparous guppies stop giving birth with regular and monotonous feeding them only with dry food.
Here is the table, the content of components in the feed for different groups of fish:

Group of fish

Protein

Fat

Cellulose

Omnivores

30-40%

2-5%

3-8%

Predatory

more than 45%

3-6%

2-4%

Herbivorous

15-30%

1-3%

5-10%


UNCLEAR LEARNINGS OF FEEDING FISHES First,
you need to read and study the literature about your fish. Find out their taste preferences and behavioral characteristics.
Having repulsed from the received information, it is necessary to select the appropriate dry feed, which can be divided into groups:

FORM

BY CONTENT

Flakes, plates (for feeding fish floating on the surface and in the water column)

vegetable

Pellets (for larger fish)

animals (protein)

Tablets (sinking food for catfish and other bottom fish)

mixed

There are other specialized fish food that are sold to pet stores, for example, to improve the color of fish or special food for a certain type of fish, for example, "Discus menu".
Based on my own experience, I want to advise you to take several types of feed at once and mix them in one can. This is due to the fact that aquariums usually contain different types of fish that require different feeding. Mixing dry food of the same form, we get a kind of mix that is suitable for all fish.
When purchasing feed, you should also pay attention to the shelf life and packing density of the feed. This should be done due to the fact that over time, dry food loses its properties, and if packaging is violated (storage conditions), pathogenic flora will generally form in the food. Also, one should give preference to feeds of well-known trademarks, for example, TM Sera or Tetra.
SecondlyWhen feeding aquarium fish you should not forget about vitamins, which are used as an additive to feed.
Vitamin A - necessary for cell growth, especially for fry and juveniles. Lack of this vitamin leads to slow growth and curvature of the back and fins. Also, vitamin A reduces stress.
Vitamin D3 - participates in the development of the skeletal system.
Vitamin E - necessary for the reproductive system of fish. Vitamins A and E are used together because they are ineffective without each other.
Vitamins of group B (B1 - thiamine, B2 - riboflavin, B12) - normalize fish metabolism.
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) - forms teeth and bones, is involved in metabolism.
Vitamin H (biotin) - needed for cell development.
Vitamin M - lack of folic acid is expressed in the darkening of the color of the fish, they become sluggish.
Vitamin K - needed for the circulatory system.
Choline - needed for normal growth, as well as regulates the sugar content in the blood.
As a recommendation, you can recommend the following products:
Sera fishtamin
- emulsified multi-vitamin preparation for strengthening fish during and after diseases, after settling in a new aquarium, for breeding and for enriching the feed for fry with vitamins. sera fishtamin is also suitable for strengthening pond fish before and after hibernation.
It can be added directly to the aquarium water. However, it is better to add 6-7 drops to 1 fish in the feed a few minutes before feeding.
Application:
1. During the illness and after recovery of the fish, fishtamine should be added daily directly to the aquarium at the rate of: 6-7 drops per 50 liters of water. Aquarium lighting is desirable to turn off.
2. After possible stresses, such as transportation, placing fish in a crowded aquarium or in cases when incompatible types of fish are in the same aquarium, as well as with each water change, you need to add Fishtamin in the amount of 4-6 drops to feed. Fishtamine is added directly to the feed, which quickly absorbs the drug and after a short period of time can be used to feed your fish.
Fishtamine can be added directly to the aquarium at the rate of: 6-7 drops per 50 liters of water. It is advisable to turn off the aquarium lighting.
3. After relocating new fish to the aquarium, you need to quickly add Fishtamine directly to the aquarium from the calculation: 6-7 drops per 50 liters of water.
4. In order to breed, it is necessary to add Fishtamine before the spawning process begins and within ten days after the process starts directly to the fish feed at the rate of: 4-6 drops per 50 liters of water. It is necessary to wait some time until the drug is absorbed into the feed and then feed.
5. To improve the growth of fry, it is necessary to add Fishtamine directly to Micron, Micropan, Micrograin or Artemia solution once every two days, mix quickly and give enriched feed to the young fish. The daily dose of fishtamine can vary from one to five drops and depends on the amount of feed and the number of fry.
6. To enrich the frozen live feed with vitamins, immediately before feeding, add Fishtamine to feed at the rate of: three to four drops for each portion of feed after it is thawed. It is necessary to wait some time until the drug is absorbed into the feed and then feed.
7. To create optimal conditions for the existence of pond fish in late autumn, as long as the fish take food, and also in early spring, as soon as the fish begin to take food; for prophylaxis, as well as during the treatment of fish from viral diseases, fishtamine should be added daily for three weeks in a volume of 10-12 drops directly to the feed of pond fish. It is necessary to wait some time until the drug is absorbed into the feed and then feed.
Content of additives per 1 ml:
Vitamin A 500 I.E.
Vitamin B1 2.00 mg
Vitamin B2 2.00 mg
Vitamin B6 2.00 mg
Vitamin B12 2.00 mcg
Vitamin C 55.00 mg
Vitamin D3 100 I.E.
Vitamin E 5.00 mg
Vitamin K3 1.00 mg
Nicotinic acid 10.00 mg
Calcium Pantothenate 5.00 mg
Folic acid 0.50 mg
Tetra vital - provides the fish with vital energy and health, as well as a natural color.
Tetra Vital contains essential vitamins, minerals and trace elements characteristic of the natural habitat. Their content in the aquarium decreases with time, and tap water is not able to compensate for the loss. Thanks to Tetra Vital, you can create an almost identical natural habitat for fish, where they will be provided with comfortable conditions and a brighter color.
- Natural B vitamins are used to increase the vitality of fish and combat stress
- Magnesium provides good health and promotes healthy growth.
- Panthenol cares for fish mucous membranes
- Iodine contributes to the preparation of fish for spawning, as well as successful spawning.
- Vital trace elements help to avoid problems associated with their deficiency
- Promotes the growth of plants and microorganisms
- Suitable for any freshwater aquariums
To enhance the action of Tetra Vital, use Tetra AquaSafe.
Instructions for use. Shake well before use. Add 5 ml of Tetra Vital to 10 liters of aquarium water every 4 weeks. In case of severe stress, it is recommended to double the dose.
Thirdly, the most important trick! This use of live and frozen feed.
Live food is a variety of mosquito larvae, small crustaceans and all kinds of worms that are used in feeding fish. The most popular of them are: bloodworm, artemia, sap, daphnia, tubule, rotifers, gammarus.



Live food is the most useful and natural food for fish, providing them with all the necessary microelements. Such feed is recommended to be used in conjunction with other types of feed and given 2-3 times a week.
The composition of some organisms used as live food Nowadays, especially in megacities and large cities, it is difficult to find high-quality live food for fish. It is also worth noting that, along with live food, it is possible to bring "contagion" into the aquarium - pathogenic bacteria, fungi and viruses. Therefore, you should always be careful with live food, it is better to grow it yourself and rinse thoroughly before serving. Knowing that many aquarists, especially the fair sex, do not like and are even afraid to mess with worms and larvae, I can recommend an interesting and even fascinating way of extracting live food Sera artemia-mix - Ready mix for growing Nauplii Artemia. Nauplii (cubs) of brine shrimp (Artemia) is a great delicacy for fry of all species of fish. Adult fish and many invertebrates also greedily eat nauplii and adult shrimps. Artemia-mix is ​​a ready-to-use product. All you have to do is pour the contents of the bag into 500 ml of water and air it. With this set, even people who have no experience in breeding live food can grow nauplii. The biological value of nauplii becomes even higher, due to the use of sea salt rich in minerals in sera Artemia-mix. Artemia eggs from the great salt lakes of the state of Utah (USA) are used in the sera Artemia-mix - especially high quality.
Here is a detailed video of how to grow nauplii
Well, for those who do not want to mess around with live food at all, there is a ready-made live food freeze. Frost for fishB - it is ready-to-use, frozen and packaged live food. The beauty of it lies in the fact that you do not need to "get", you only need to get a cube of frozen food and throw it into the fish feeder.
+ such feed, manufacturers process it and monitor its purity. The probability to bring "contagion" in the aquarium is small.
- as a result of processing, the beneficial properties of the feed are lost.
Note: Before serving, it is desirable to freeze it to thaw (10-15 min.)
And finally, the fourth trick - the food from our table. Here, look, please, the video posted by our moderator, Esta, about how her cichlids eat a leaf of lettuce.
Charming is not true! Many fish, especially cichlids, respect the greens: lettuce, spinach, scalded cabbage leaves, cucumber, and even carrots. Many people know that keeping African cichlids with live aquarium plants is almost impossible. Nevertheless, they need plant food. And such a leaf of lettuce, once or twice a week, is an excellent way out for tsikhlovykh.
Also, by the example of a user of our site Qper, it is worth highlighting the question of protein mixes made by yourself. For his precious and beloved cichlids, he cooks and gives the following mince once a week:
- BEEF HEART, CLEARED FROM FILM;
- FILET OF TILIP (PANGASIUS);
- SALMARA FILLET;
- SHEETS SALTA;
Here is such an appetizing pate! There are a lot of similar recipes and, if you wish, you can easily find them on the Internet. The main thing is that in this way you can and should feed the fish.
You can make only one important remark about feeding fish like mince - you should try to exclude (minimize) the meat of warm-blooded animals from them. The food system of fish is not able to digest such meat, because of which it can develop pathogenic flora and as a result of the disease. Minced meat containing warm-blooded animals should be given rarely as a delicacy.

How many times and how often to feed the fish?

Based on the fact that feeding fish should be balanced and diverse, it is possible to derive an approximate component of the amount of feed needed for fish.
If we talk about one-time feeding, then any food (dry or live) should be eaten by fish in 3-5 minutes. After this time, the feed should not be in the aquarium, and the more he should not fall for hours at the bottom.
Per day you can feed the fish 1-2 times. I personally feed once, because I think that undernourishment is better than overfeeding. Feeding is desirable to carry out either in the morning, after 15 minutes. after turning on the aquarium lighting and in the evening for 3-4 hours before bedtime. If there are “night residents” in the aquarium, as a rule, these are bottom catfish (bag-tabernacles, agamixes, etc.), then for them the food is thrown “at dusk”, i.e. when the light is turned off and all the "day" fish have gone to bed.
How much to feed the fish a week? Here, too, everything is conditional and individual. I offer an example of my feeding scheme:
Monday - dry food 1, once a day;
Tuesday - dry food 2, once a day;
Wednesday - live food, or bloodworm or artemia;
Thursday - dry food 1, twice a day;
Friday - dry food 2, twice a day;
Saturday - live food + duckweed;
Sunday - fasting day;
As you can see, feeding fish is quite diverse. Firstly, various mixtures of dry feed are used, secondly, dry food alternates with live ones, and plant food is given once a week.
And necessarily, once a week, a fasting day is arranged, i.e. when fish are not fed at all. Such a day, you need to arrange necessarily, it is harmless and even very useful for the health of fish and the aquarium as a whole.
Hope the article was helpful for you! Of course, you will not immediately cover all the issues in one article, so we will be glad to talk with you on the forums.

fanfishka.ru

How to feed the fish in the aquarium?

Thinking about what pets to have, many opt for aquarium fish. Indeed, just admiring their colorful colors and smooth forms can forget about anxiety and depression.

However, the apparent simplicity of fish care is actually deceptive. They, like any creature, need a comfortable habitat, constant care and proper nutrition.

How to feed the fish in the aquarium?

Feeding the fish in an aquarium should fully satisfy their needs, not exceeding the latter. So, for mature fish, one meal is enough. And even in your absence, they steadfastly hold out for several days on a starvation diet. Another thing, if you brought fry. Their young and growing organisms require more intensive nutrition, so in this case, preferably two meals a day.

It is advisable simultaneously with the acquisition of fish to understand how much they need food and how to feed the fish in the aquarium fully, but not to overfeed. The main rule - the feed should be absorbed in 5-10 minutes. All the rest is brute force for your pets stomach and water pollution in the aquarium. On average, the amount of feed per day is up to 3% by weight of the fish. Estimate the weight of the inhabitants of the aquarium, and thus determine the amount of necessary food for them.

Distribute food is evenly over the entire area of ​​the aquarium, and not throw in one place. So you prevent the accumulation of fish and their struggle for food.

It is important to consider the feeding habits of different types of fish. Depending on whether they are carnivorous, herbivorous, or omnivorous, shape the ration accordingly.

It should be noted that the correctness of feeding the fish in an aquarium depends not only on the frequency and size of the portion, but also largely on the characteristics of the food.

Aquarium fish nutrition

For the health and longevity of aquarium fish is important a diverse and high-quality food. Many breeders mistakenly believe that falling asleep every day the same set of nutritional components, the fish are saturated with him and feel good. This is a misconception and a direct path to the diseases and unexpected deaths of your pets. It is very useful to understand the features of different food for aquarium fish.

Dry food

This is the most common type of feed. Its convenience consists in simplicity of use and various structure which can be picked up for each type of fish. Also a positive point in dry food is its different consistency - from small grains for fry to large pellets for adult predators.

Live food

This delicacy for all representatives of the aquarium. These are bloodworms, worms, insects and other living organisms that are consumed by fish.Also this category includes small fish, which acts as food for predators. It is necessary to monitor the quality of such food, so as not to poison the pets with stale food and not to infect with a disease that a representative of the live food could suffer.

Frozen feed

It is nothing like frozen live food. You can buy it, and you can make it yourself and store it in the freezer. Do not forget to bring the food to the temperature of the water in the aquarium before feeding.

Vegetables

This type of food is suitable for herbivores. It is not difficult to cook it - you need to chop the vegetables or greens you have and boil it with boiling water or boil it. Such food is better placed in the feeder, and not scatter around the aquarium.

In addition to these feeds, fish are not averse to feast on all sorts of algae and even wood. But it is better to discuss this kind of food together with the consultant of the store where you buy fish.

THREE DESCRIPTION

Bloodworm - the oldest and most common live food for adult aquarium fish of medium size. These are mosquito larvae, though not those that bite us in summer in nature. It is found in different sizes, which allows you to choose it to the size of aquarium fish. He eats them with pleasure, no side effects have been noticed. It is easily frozen and stored frozen in a freezer without any problems. With frozen larvae, it is impossible to infect the aquarium. You can buy bloodworms in almost any pet store or in the pet market. It is also used in sports and amateur fishing, especially in winter. Large as a nozzle, small as bait.

Live Moth - The common name of mosquito larvae. Depending on the type and conditions of development, the length of the larva varies from 10 to 25 millimeters, the color is usually bright red. Lives on the bottom, in silted soil, small ponds, lakes and gulfs of rivers, with a slight current or without it. It is fed with various organic residues that can be found in silt or on its surface.

In summer, adult mosquitoes lay tiny eggs in the water, small gray larvae hatch from them. These larvae periodically molt. After their first molt, they acquire a characteristic red color. Secretions of the salivary glands allow the larvae to create a cocoon by gluing together the surrounding debris. The free front part protruding from the cocoon is used to search for food. Grown larvae pupate, and matured pupae float to the surface of the water and mosquitoes emerge from them.

WHEELS DESCRIPTION BREEDING PHOTOS AND VIDEOS

bloodworm fish food photo

Choosing moth

First of all it is necessary to pay attention to its color: the bloodworm for aquarium fish should be bright red and glossy. The pink or light orange bloodworm is immature larvae, they do not have enough hemoglobin in the hemolymph, so they are inactive, not too nutritious and also quickly die.

If the bloodworm, on the contrary, is very dark, burgundy or cherry in color, then it is the old bloodworm, stale, it will not be stored for a long time, and it is likely to poison them with fish.

Too light, carrot or dark color and uneven size (range from 1-2 to 7 mm) may indicate that bloodworm is estuary, that is, it was collected in saline bays (usually in the south of Russia and Ukraine). Such a crank has a very thick chitinous cover, which reduces its nutritional value, besides there is evidence of a high content of harmful substances in it.

Transporting it to other regions for sale for a long time and storing it in conditions that are often far from optimal, and even questions its suitability for feeding fish.

In addition to color, with the purchase should look at the mobility of the larvae. A fresh, high-quality bloodworm in response to an external impact is actively rolled up into rings.

dried fish food photo

Storage

The purchased bloodworm is immediately washed several times in running water, draining all the dregs and debris, removing the dead larvae, if they exist. After that, in small portions loosely wrapped in moistened cloth and placed in a shallow dish in a refrigerator, then washed twice a day.

Another simple and interesting folk way of storing a moth is in a fabric bag in a toilet bowl. Cold running water ensures its constant rinsing and, accordingly, long storage. After the purchase of the bloodworm, it is recommended that it be kept for 3-4 days so that its intestines become free from the organics eaten by it in freedom. After that, they can feed the fish.

Feeding the moth

When feeding a live moth, it is important to fulfill two conditions:

  • Only live, active larvae can enter the aquarium, as dead fish can be poisoned;
  • bloodworm should not be on the ground - it is buried there, becoming inaccessible to fish, then dies and contributes to the rotting of the soil.

In order to achieve this, moths are best given to fish through special feeders with holes. Only live larvae crawl through these holes into the water. In addition, since the bloodworm enters the water slowly from this trough, the fish grab it as soon as it emerges from the holes, still near the surface, and it does not fall to the ground.

If it is necessary to feed with a moth of bottom fish, then a part of the bottom is cleared of soil and it is monitored to keep the bloodworm only in this cleared area. It is not recommended to cut the bloodworm, because in this case the content flows out of it, contaminating the water and leaving only the useless chitinous shell.

frozen fish food photo

Fishing moth

Bloodworm is found in many reservoirs of the Moscow region, but often its density is low and catching it in large quantities will not succeed. If you can find a large colony, you can stock up on frozen larvae and for the winter. You can get bloodworms and in the winter, from under the ice, but such a venture does not deliver pleasure. This is usually done by fishermen who need a small amount from a local pond for attachments.

Catching moths recommend scooping the top layer of silt from the pond. His small portion is placed in a sieve and washed. Sieve lifted, slightly dried and then immersed in water. Light rubbish and bloodworm pops up and it is collected with a net. Garbage is discarded.

To separate the moth from the remaining debris, take a sieve with a large cell and set it in a basin, so that it would touch the bottom of the water. From above put the extracted moth. After a while, a live bloodworm will pass into the basin, and the trash and dead will remain in the sieve. Quite a dreary and tedious exercise from which I really did not succeed. Another way is to use their thin wire mesh with a cell in the area of ​​a centimeter. Il filter such a grid directly in the pond. Part of the bloodworm remains on the wire and it can be shaken off in any dish. In this case, the larvae are badly damaged and are not suitable for keeping alive, but you can freeze them.

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Feeding aquarium fish with frozen bloodworm # Feeding fish

Feeding the fish with frozen bloodworms.

What kind of frozen food is better to feed the neon?

ஜஜஜ Dmitry ஜஜஜ

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FEEDING FROZEN FEEDS "NEON"
1. Feed without defrosting.
2. The golden feeding rule says: "Undernourishment is always better than overfeeding." It is advisable to feed twice a day in an amount that the fish can eat within five minutes.
3. Periodically alternate between different types of feed, as diverse and complete food is one of the most important conditions for normal growth, development and reproduction of organisms.
4. For the prevention of the digestive system and the improvement of the immune system, we recommend that the menu of all kinds of tropical fish from time to time include a specially developed feed IMMUNAL.
Sword-bearers, Pecillia, Guppy, Velifera, Minesies, Angelfish, Barbusses, Gourami, Lyalius, "Roosters", Soma
You can feed all species except Sextet, Gammarus, Quintet for adult cichlids, Large, Medium and Small shrimp.
Especially good: Small, Medium and Large bloodworm; Coretra; Black bloodworm; Shrimp-free shrimp; Cyclops (red, brown, green); Daphnia; Moina; Vegetable diet; Tropical Quintet; Tropical diet; Tubber; Artemia, Diet Vegetable.
Malawian and Tanganyik cichlids
A special role in the feeding of Malawians should be given to the Red (Brown) Cyclops. This feed can not overfeed the fish and it effectively stimulates the manifestation of bright colors.
For daily feeding, we recommend using specially designed highly balanced mixtures for all types of cichlids: Mix for cichlids, Mix for Malawians, Mix for Tanganyik cichlids, Quintet for adult cichlids.
Very good: Sextet, Gammarus, Fish Meat, Krill Meat, Chopped Fish, Squids, Mussels, All Kinds of Shrimps (non-cap, shredded, large, medium, small), Black mosquito, Daphnia, Moina, Artemia, Frozen fish, Vegetable Diet, Wolfia
Goldfish
Fits the entire range of feed NEON.
The food is especially good - Goldfish (special Mix for pond and goldfish).
Astronotus, Arovirovan, South American cichlids, "Parrots" and other large fish
All NEON feeds are suitable for feeding them.
Very good: Quintet for adult cichlids, Gammarus, Shrimp small and large, Bloodworm (small, medium, large), Frozen fish, Chopped fish, Chopped mussels, Squids, Meat of fish, Krill Meat, Sextet and all kinds of mixtures.
Neons, Tetras, Minors and other small fish
Especially good for feeding them: Korretra, Cyclops, Daphnia, Minor bloodworm, Black mosquito, Bespanzer and shredded shrimp, Tropical diet,
Tropical Quintet, Artemia, Moina.
Discussion
Very good for daily feeding: Discus, Baby Discus, Krill Meat, Artemia, Moin, Large and Middle Bloodworm, Coretro, Cyclops (brown, green). For stimulation of saturated coloring it is very good to apply Discus Bio Color and Red Cyclops.
Sea fish
Especially good for feeding them: Mixture sea, Sea cocktail, Microplankton, Meat of krill, Mussels, Squids, Shrimp, Prawn-free Shrimp.
Turtles
For sea and freshwater turtles specially designed feed - Mix for turtles.
Very good - Gammarus.
The use of NEON feeds is a guarantee of healthy and beautiful fish.

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