Pearl Fish: content, compatibility, photo
Order, family: Carp.
Comfortable water temperature: 20-23 oC.
Ph: 5,0- 8,0.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
Compatibility: with all the peaceful fish (danios, terntion, catfish speckled, neons, etc.)
Useful tips: There is an opinion (especially for some reason, from sellers of ZooShops) that when buying fish of this type you should be ready for frequent cleaning of the aquarium (almost with a vacuum cleaner))). This opinion is justified by the fact that the "Goldfish" nibbled and left a lot of "kakul". So, THIS IS NOT TRUE !!! He himself repeatedly turned on such fish and at the moment one of the aquariums is busy with them ... there is no dirt - I spend the easy cleaning of the aquarium about once every two weeks. So, do not be frightened sellers tales !!! Fish look very nice in the aquarium. And for greater purity and control of "kakulyami", bring more catfish into the aquarium (speckled catfish, catfish, acanthophthalmos kyuli), and other orderlies from the aquarium !!!
It is also noted that these fish love to eat vegetation - do not buy expensive plants in the aquarium.
Pearl is one of the fish included in the so-called "Golden Fish" family. The fish is unusual and very beautiful. Bred it in China. The body is round (7-8 cm), the dorsal fin is upright, the other fins are short, often paired. The tail fin is two-bladed, cut into 1/3 of the length, does not hang down. A fish does not swim like a "barrel".
The fish is colored gold or orange-red. There are completely white species. Each scale is convex, which in reflection of light looks like small pearls.
These fish are not very demanding of conditions. The main thing with its content is proper feeding - the key to success is the balance of the feed. The fish is susceptible to intestinal diseases and gill rot.
For the maintenance of pearls need a spacious aquarium with pure water without impurities. Pearl neighbors should not be active and especially aggressive fish - barbs, cichlids, gourams, etc.
Comfortable parameters of water: temperature 20-23 ° C, aquarium water hardness 6-18 o, pH 5.0-8.0. Reinforced aeration and filtration.
The peculiarity of the fish is that it loves to rummage in the ground. As the soil is better to use coarse sand or pebbles, which are not so easily scattered fish. The aquarium itself should be spacious and species, with large-leaved plants. Therefore, in an aquarium with pearls, it is better to plant plants with hard leaves and a good root system.
Fish in respect of feed unpretentious. They eat quite a lot and willingly, so remember that it is better to underfeed the fish than to overfeed them. The amount of food given daily should not exceed 3% of the weight of the fish. Adult fish are fed twice a day - early in the morning and in the evening. Feed is given as much as they can eat in ten to twenty minutes, and the remnants of uneaten food should be removed.
Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.
Pearl goldfish content compatibility breeding description of photos feeding.
Conditions of detention
Calm in nature, peaceful Pearls get along well with the same calm neighbors. Contain pearl goldfish need to aquarium volume of at least 50 liters per fish, it is better if it will be an aquarium of at least 100 liters, which will accommodate a couple of fish.
With an increase in the size of the aquarium, the population density can be slightly increased, so 3-4 fish can be settled in a 150-liter aquarium, and 5-6 in a 200-liter aquarium. But with increasing population density should pay attention to good aeration of water.
These aquarium fish love to dig in the ground, so as it is better to use pebbles or coarse sand, then to fishes it will not be so easy to scatter. Himself aquarium desirable species and spacious, in which you want to put large-leaved aquarium plants. However, pearls quickly spoil the tender plants, or the surface of the leaves is contaminated by settling on them suspended particles in the water.
To avoid this, put in aquariumplants with a strong root system and hard leaves. Very well fit plants like, vallisneria, sagittarius, or elodeaas the most enduring. Goldfish - Pearls contain in one aquarium along with calm types of aquarium fish. AT aquarium natural light and good filtering should be provided. All varieties of goldfish prefer good aeration. To the parameters of water in the aquarium fish not particularly sensitive.
The hardness of the water should be 8 - 25 °, with an acidity of 6-8. Part of the water in aquarium it is desirable to replace regularly. In general, the pearl is not very demanding in the content. However, there are a number of things that newcomers may not cope with when keeping this tender fish. Pearl prone to gill rot and bowel disease.
GOLD FISH CARE CONTENTS BREEDING COMPATIBILITY DESCRIPTION.
Ammonia and nitrite should not be present in the aquarium water. In food pearls unpretentious, they eat everything and a lot. Their diet should contain both live and vegetable food. Despite the gluttony goldfish, do not overfeed. The amount of daily food they consume should be about 3% by weight. fish.
Feed adults fishes It should be twice a day - the first time early in the morning, and the second - in the evening. The amount of feed is calculated for 10-20 minutes of feeding, then the remnants of undernourished food from aquarium remove. Adultsfishwho receive proper nutrition can endure a long week-long hunger strike without harm to their health.Breeding: Reproduction begins at 2 years. Spawning occurs in early spring. Spawning is stimulated by raising the water temperature by 3 - 5 ° C. The incubation period is 4 days. On the 4th day the fry are already swimming. After a month and a half, they have the usual appearance of pearls.Feeding: Fish food should be 75% vegetable, 25% animal. Feed pearls need in the morning and evening. The total weight of the feed - no more than 3% of the weight of the fish. Leftover food must be removed.
Pearl Goldfish Photo
Description of the Goldfish Pearl
Spread: only in the aquarium
Appearance, features: A short, swollen egg-shaped body, all fins short, separate on the body, large, pearl-like scales.
Lifespan: 10-15 years
Adult size: up to 18 cm
Types of goldfish
TYPES OF GOLDEN FISHES
with photo, description and links
The variety of aquarium fish sometimes affects. And given the fact that one species of fish has its own varieties - the aquarium world becomes just gigantic.
Sometimes it is even difficult for an experienced aquarist to tell what kind of fish it is. Hopefully, the following selection of GOLDEN FISH SPECIES will help you figure out who is swimming in your tank.
Order, family: carp.
Comfortable water temperature: 18-23 ° C.
Aggressiveness: 5% are not aggressive, but they can bite each other.
Compatibility: with all peaceful and non aggressive fish.
Golden, or Chinese, crucian carp in nature lives in Korea, China and Japan.
The goldfish was bred in China more than 1,500 years ago, where it was bred in ponds and garden ponds on the estates of nobles and wealthy people. For the first time, a goldfish was imported to Russia in the middle of the 18th century. Currently, there are many varieties of goldfish.
The color of the body and fins is red-golden, the back is darker than the abdomen. Other types of color: pale pink, red, white, black, black and blue, yellow, dark bronze, fiery red. A goldfish has an elongated body, slightly compressed from the sides. Males can be distinguished from females only during the spawning period, when the female's belly is rounded, and the males on the pectoral fins and gills develop a white “rash”.
For the maintenance of goldfish, an aquarium with a capacity of at least 50 liters per specimen is best suited.. Short-bodied goldfish (voiletails, telescopes) require more water than long-bodied (simple goldfish, comet, shubunkin), with the same body length.
With an increase in the volume of the aquarium, the planting density can be slightly increased. In particular, in the volume of 100 l you can settle two goldfish (you can have three, but in this case it will be necessary to organize a powerful filtration and make frequent water changes). 3-4 individuals can be planted in 150 l, 5-6 in 200 l, 6-8 in 250 l, etc. This recommendation is relevant if we are talking about fish of at least 5-7 cm in size without taking into account the length of the tail fin.
A special feature of the goldfish is that it loves to rummage in the ground. As the soil is better to use coarse sand or pebbles, which are not so easily scattered fish. The aquarium itself should be spacious and species, with large-leaved plants. Therefore, in an aquarium with goldfish, it is better to plant plants with hard leaves and a good root system.
In the general aquarium, goldfish can be kept along with calm fish. The necessary conditions for the aquarium are natural light, filtration and aeration.
Water characteristics: temperature can vary from 18 to 30 ° C. The optimum should be considered in the spring-summer period 18 - 23 ° С, in the winter - 15 - 18 ° С. The fish tolerate a salinity of 12-15%. If you feel unwell fish in the water, you can add salt, 5-7 g / l. It is advisable to regularly replace part of the volume of water.
Goldfish are unpretentious regarding feed. They eat quite a lot and willingly, so remember that it is better to underfeed the fish than to overfeed them. The amount of food given daily should not exceed 3% of the weight of the fish. Adult fish are fed twice a day - early in the morning and in the evening.
Feed is given as much as they can eat in ten to twenty minutes, and the remnants of uneaten food should be removed. It is necessary to include both live, and vegetable food in their diet. Adult fish that receive proper nutrition can endure a week-long hunger strike without harm. It must be remembered that when fed with dry food, they should be given in small portions several times a day, because when they get into a wet environment, in the fish's esophagus, it swells up, increases significantly in size and can cause constipation and disruption of the normal functioning of the digestive organs of the fish the consequence of which may be the death of the fish. To do this, you can first hold the dry food for some time (10 seconds - flakes, 20-30 seconds - granules) in water and only then give them to the fish. When using specialized feeds you can improve the color of the fish (yellow, orange and red).
Long-bodied goldfish durable, under good conditions, they can live up to 30 - 35 years, short ones - up to 15 years.
Types of goldfishHeavenly eye or astrologer
The astrologer has a round, ovoid body. A feature of the fish are its telescopic eyes directed slightly forward and upward. Although this is considered a deviation from the ideal, these fish are very beautiful. Color stargazers orange-golden color. Fish reaches a length of 15 cm.
Read more about this Golden Fish here.
Astrologer or celestial eye: description, content, compatibility
This fish is the result of the inexorable and merciless selection of Chinese goldfish. The size of the fish is 15-20 cm. It has an ovoid body, the back is low, the profile of the head passes smoothly into the profile of the back. Coloring is different. The most common are silver, orange and brown colors.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Water eyesVualekhvost or Fantail
The veiltail has a short, high rounded egg-shaped body and large eyes. The head is big. The color of the veil tail is different - from a monotonous golden color to bright red or black.
Read more about this Golden Fish here.
Everything about Veilhvostah
Pearl is one of the fish included in the so-called "Golden Fish" family. The fish is unusual and very beautiful. Bred it in China.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Pearl
The body of the comet is elongated with a long ribbon forked tail fin. The higher the grade of the fish specimen, the longer its tail fin. Comets are very similar to voilehvosta.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Comet
Oranda is one of the fish included in the so-called "Goldfish" family. The fish is unusual and very beautiful. Orana differs from other goldfish - with a growth-cap on its head. The body, like many "Goldfish" ovoid, swollen. In general, similar to the veiltail.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Oranda
Another artificially derived form of "Golden Fish". Homeland - Japan. Literally Ranch translates as "cast in orchid." The fish is unusual and very beautiful.
Read more about this Golden Fish here.
Ranchu: description content compatibility Shubunkin
Another breeding form of "Golden Fish", derived in Japan. Suitable for maintenance in spacious aquariums, greenhouse and ornamental ponds. In Japanese pronunciation, its name sounds like sibunkin. In Europe, the first fish appeared after World War I, from which it was imported into Russia and the Slavic countries.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Shubunkin
The telescope is one of the fish included in the so-called "Golden Fish" family. The fish is unusual and very beautiful. Received its name for large bulging eyes, which may have a spherical, cylindrical or conical shape. Fish size up to 12cm.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Telescope
The fish is unusual and very beautiful. The fish has a short rounded torso. The posterior profile of the back and the upper outer edge of the caudal fin form an acute angle. In the area of the gill covers and the upper part of the head one can see volume growths that are formed in these fish at three months of age.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Lionhead
Video with Golden Fish species