Gold fish

Voiletail fish


Vualekhvosty - beautiful and popular goldfish

Veilhvosty, this is the most popular aquarium fish of all goldfish. It has a short, rounded body, forked tail fin and a very diverse coloration. But, not only this makes it popular. First of all, this is a very unpretentious fish, which is great for novice aquarists, but it has its limitations. She pretty much digs in the ground, loves to eat and often eats to death and loves cool water.

Habitat in nature

Veiltail, like other types of goldfish, is not found in nature. But the fish from which he was bred is extremely widespread - crucian carp. It is the origin of this wild and strong fish that makes the voiletail so unpretentious and hardy.

The first voilehvosta were withdrawn in China, and then, approximately, in the XV century came to Japan, from where with the arrival of the Europeans and in Europe. It is Japan that can be considered the birthplace of the voilehvost. At the moment, there are a lot of different color variations of the voiletail, but his body shape remains classical.


The voilehvost has a short, ovoid body, distinguishing it from other fish of the family, for example, shubunkin. Because of this body shape, he is not a very good swimmer, often not keeping up with other fish when feeding. The tail is characteristic - forked, very long.

The long tail lives for a long time, under good conditions, about 10 years and even more. It can grow up to 20 cm in length.

The color is varied, at the moment there are so many different colors. The most common is the golden or red form, or a mixture of these two species.

Difficulty in content

Along with shubunkin, one of the most unpretentious goldfish. Very undemanding to the parameters of water and temperature, feel good in a pond, a normal aquarium, or even in a round aquarium, unpretentious at home.

Many contain voilehvostov or other goldfish in round aquariums, alone and without plants. Yes, they live there and do not even complain, but round aquariums are very poorly suited for keeping fish, impair their vision and retard growth. It is also important to remember that this fish likes cool enough water, and it is incompatible with most tropical people.



Feeding veils tail has its own characteristics. The fact is that goldfish have no stomach, and food immediately goes into the intestines. Accordingly, they eat as long as they have food in the aquarium. But, at the same time, they will often eat more than they can digest and die. In general, the only problem with feeding the tails is to calculate the correct amount of feed. It is best to feed twice a day, in portions that they can eat in one minute.

It is best to feed the voilehwosts with special goldfish feed. Conventional food is too nutritious for these insatiable fish. And special ones, in the form of granules, do not disintegrate quickly in water, it is easier to search for their tails on the bottom, such feed is easier to dose.

If there is no opportunity to feed with special feeds, then you can give any others. Frozen, lively, artificial - veiltails eat everything.

Feeding fish living in the pond:

Content in an aquarium

Although, at the mention of goldfish, the first thing that comes to mind is a small round aquarium and there is a lone veil of a tail in it, this is not the best choice. Vualehvost grows up to 20 cm, while it is not only large, it also produces a lot of waste. For the maintenance of one veiltail, you need at least a 100-liter aquarium, for each of the next add 50 liters of volume. In addition, you need a good external filter, and regular water changes. All goldfish just love to rummage in the ground, raising considerable turbidity and even digging up plants.

Unlike tropical fish, voiletails like cool water. If only the air temperature in your home does not fall below zero, then you do not need a heater in the aquarium. It is best not to put the aquarium in direct sunlight, and the water temperature does not increase more than 22 C. Goldfish can live at water temperatures below 10, so that they are not afraid of the coolness.
Soil is better to use sandy or coarse gravel. Goldfish constantly dig in the ground, and quite often swallow large particles and die because of this.

As for the water parameters, they can be very different, but the optimal will be: 5 - 19 ° dGH, ph: 6.0 - 8.0, water temperature is 20-23 C. Low water temperature is due to the fact that the fish comes from a crucian and tolerates low temperatures well , and high vice versa.

Compatible with other fish

Peaceful fish, which in principle gets along well with other fish. But the veil tails need cooler water than all other tropical fish, plus they can eat small fish. It is best to keep them with related species - telescopes, shubunkinami. But even with them, it is necessary to look after what the voilehvosts have time to eat, which is not always possible for more nimble neighbors. For example, a voiletail and guppy in the same aquarium is not a good idea.

If you want to keep the voilehvostov in the general aquarium, then avoid very small fish, and fish that can tear off fins - sumatrans barbus, mutant barbus, golden barbus, crescent, tetragonopterus.

Gender differences

It is very difficult to distinguish the female from the male at the veiltail. This is especially true for juveniles; in mature fish it is possible to understand by size, as a rule, the male is smaller and graceful. You can confidently determine the sex only during spawning, then the male on the head and gill cover appear white bumps.

Peculiarities of the maintenance of aquarium voyalekhvostih fish

Vualehvost - one of the most beautiful and popular types of gold aquarium fish. Their feature is, as the name implies, a luxurious veiled tail. In some individuals, it can reach sizes that are six times larger than the body of the fish itself. It is important that the smallest tails of such a fish should not be much less than the length of the body.

It is known that the aquarium veil tails were removed in Japan, they took them out of the sight of ryukin.


By the type of tails can be distinguished 2 types: classic or skirt and ribbon. In the classical type, the length of the tail fins is approximately the same, due to this, the fish acquires a strict skirt, and in the ribbon “fans” due to different lengths they create the impression that the tail is made of light fabric or gaseous matter. The value of the fish directly depends on their number, so the more “fans”, the more valuable the fish, the maximum number is 4. It is interesting that the ideal fin angle (between the upper and lower blades) is 90 degrees.

The value of the fish also depends on the coloring. The most popular are golden, or red, there may be a mixture of these colors. Among the single-color ones, the rarest black tail is the rarest. There are also many options for color coloring, mostly there are combinations of 2-3 colors, for example, white with pink spots or bright orange fins. Rare fish with blue eyes.

Despite the variety of tails and colors, the bodies of all veil tails are the same and somewhat resemble an egg, and in ribbon ones it is slightly longer. Outlines of the head smoothly into the body. Because of this body shape, the fish is slow and often does not keep up with others during feeding. The dorsal fin is upright and in size can reach ¾ from the whole body.

With proper care, such a fish can reach a length of 20 cm and live for about 20 years.

How to properly contain a voilehvost

Veils are unpretentious, which facilitates their maintenance. Therefore, they can make any, even a beginner aquarist. Unpretentiousness passed them from his wild ancestor - carp. However, to take care of it, you need to remember a few nuances: such fish love cold water, like to dig in the ground, do not know the measures, and because of this they can eat to death.

Many people mistakenly believe that such a hairy tail feels great in a round aquarium, because it is so beautiful, however, this form of a water tank leads to a deterioration in the fish's vision, and also slows down its growth. In order for your pet to feel comfortable, you will need an aquarium, the volume of which should be at least 50 liters, and preferably 100 liters. It is interesting that in the summer, these aquarium fish also live well in the streets in reservoirs. Fish love the cool, the ideal temperature for them is 12-22 degrees. Water needs to provide good aeration. The best indicators of water for breeding voilehvostov:

  • Water hardness (gH) from 8 to 15;
  • Acidity (pH) from 7.0 to 8.0;
  • Temperature range - 12-22 degrees.

In tanks for voilehvostov need to put good filters, as the fish often dig the ground in search of food, lifting the sediment into the water. In this regard, you need to look at the ground, the pebbles should be smooth, and if you want to use sand, then its structure must be coarse-grained. If you want to plant algae in an aquarium, then they must have a strong root system so that the fish cannot dig them out or damage them. Do not forget to regularly change the water in the aquarium.

Feeding features

Goldfish, which include the tailstock, do not have a stomach, so the food immediately goes into the intestines. Due to this, they can easily overeat and die. Calculate a portion of the feed for them is very simple, make sure that the amount of feed the fish can master in one minute. This is quite enough for half a day. Then just feed the fish about the same portions 2 times a day. Once a week, the fish is desirable to arrange a fasting day. In food, the voiletail is not picky, as it is slow and inactive, but it is better to feed them with special food intended for goldfish, or granulated, which the fish can easily find at the bottom.


365 days after birth, sexual maturity occurs at the voilehvostov. In males in the mating season, a kind of warts appears on the gill covers, and in the first pair of fins a number of notches. A female, ready for the mark, has an inflated abdomen; when viewed from above, there will be seen a slight curvature of the hull, which occurs due to the presence of caviar. Often it can be stored after the label. For her, the female can postpone from 2 to 10 thousand eggs. After 2 days, the larva leaves, and on day 5 the fry begin to swim independently.


Fish are quiet, if only neighbors exceed the size of their own mouth. With the rest they get along quite peacefully. However, the water they need is much colder than the one that tropical aquarium fish love. Ideal neighbors would be similar species: telescopes, or, for example, Shubunkin. Also, do not forget that small fish can be not only swallowed, but also bite the tail fin on the fins. Such hooligans include:

  • barb mutant;
  • golden barb;
  • Sumatran barb;
  • tetragonopterus;
  • ternation.

Ideal neighbors would be similar species: telescopes, or, for example, Shubunkin.

If you give the fish a little bit of attention, then they will long delight you with its bright colors and luxurious forms of fins and tail.

Vualekhvost -content, breeding, photo compatibility video

Beautiful, bright and unusual inhabitants of the aquarium are always more successful than ordinary and inconspicuous. Undoubtedly, one of these beauties are decorative voilehtail fishes. Despite the fact that the first of them were bred by man many centuries ago, they are still very much in demand today, as well as all new varieties appear. About fish with veil tails and care for them and talk in our article.

Where does this name come from?

It's all about the appearance of the fish, but rather its beautiful, long fins and tail hanging from the body. They resemble a fabric with the name of a veil - light, transparent, flowing. Thanks to them, the fish as it soars or flies in the water. Hence the name of the tail cap, or voile.

Appearance history

A few centuries ago, the first ornamental fish were artificially bred by Chinese and Japanese fish farmers - these are the voile varieties of goldfish: a veiltail and a comet. For a long time they remained the only representatives of fish with such fins and tails.

Since 1952, a new life of this trend began in aquarism. At that time, scarlet guppies and Henkel guppies saw light at the same time in Moscow and New York.

The former had elongated and dilated dorsal and anal fins, and the latter had veils tails.

Further, everything resembles a fascinating competition between Moscow and American guppists on the subject of who will lead more veil specimens.

Vasiliev N.A., Obraztsov S.A., Malinovsky A.G. and Levitas Ya.A. more than others have succeeded in this business in Russia. It was then that the scarf-fork variety of guppy appeared, in which the dorsal fin exceeded the tail in length.

Since 1956, amateur spiders have also joined the breeding of veil fishes. K. Butendorf (GDR) brought out a scalar with a veil tail.

Now we can see veil forms in many species of fish:

  • gold,
  • guppy
  • angelfish,
  • cardinals,
  • danio,
  • neons
  • cockerels
  • barbs,
  • antsistrusy,
  • catfish
  • synodontis, etc.

What do the tail fish look like?

Key features:

  • long tail fin not less than 5/4 of the length of the whole body of the fish, resembling a veil;
  • tail consisting of 2-3, and ideally 4 blades;
  • there should be a right angle between the lower and upper lobes of the tail fins;
  • dorsal fin most often high;
  • large eyeballs with different colors of the iris;
  • the body is spherical or ovoid.

It is worth noting that there may be variations in color, body structure and the presence of scales.

General features of the content

Aquarium must be at least 50 liters for a couple of individuals. Small round aquariums are absolutely not suitable, as they cause vision problems and stunted fish growth.

Water indicatorsA: temperature 12-18, hardness not more than 20, acidity 6.5-8.

Active filtration and aeration of water.

Priming from coarse sand and small pebbles without sharp edges, as many hairy tails delve at the bottom in search of food.

Therefore, the amount of food per day should be no more than 3 percent of body weight. It should be divided into 2 parts and given in the morning and evening. Leftovers clean up. A fasting day is recommended every week. Feed can be given combined, vegetable, live and dry.

Perfect neighbors

Veiled tails are usually slow, peaceful, sedate and self-sufficient. Their weak place is the elegant plumage, which is very easy to damage. Therefore, other inhabitants should be selected taking into account these features.

Say yes!" small fish with a peaceful nature:

  • danio,
  • neon
  • gourami
  • the cardinal
  • petilia shubunkinu,
  • telescope.

Let's clarify that it is better to keep the voile telescopes in general as a pair in a separate aquarium, since their sore spots are not only the tail, but also the eyes.

Ideal tandem vual fish with catfish, for example, speckled or antsistrusom. The fact is that the former create a lot of waste, and the latter dispose of it.

Getting offspring

Viviparous veil fishes, for example, guppies, swordtails, platies, breed in a common aquarium. Those that spawn can do it in a spawning 20-30 liters with soil of sand and small-leaved plants. Usually one female and 2-3 males are placed in it.

The initial water temperature should be at least 25 degrees. Gradually, it is increased by another 5-10. After spawning, the parents are removed.

In the future, the fry are fed live dust. Specify that this is the most common information on the propagation of voilev. In more detail about sex differences, terms and conditions of reproduction it is worth talking for each species individually.


This is the most famous representative of this kind of fish. It is one of the artificially bred goldfish breeds. There are several variations of it. The two main standards are classic (skirt) and voile (tape).

Appearance and behavior

The distinctive features of the latter are the elongated fins and the magnificent voile tail in the form of a ribbon or fork. The body in the form of an egg or a ball.

The most valued specimens are those whose tail consists of 3-4 fused blades and falls down like a luxurious fluffy veil. The dorsal fin is half to от of the body of the fish. Other fins are elongated and pointed at the end.

The eyes are large with iris of all colors except green. Some fish can reach a size of 20 cm. There are individuals with and without scales.

Coloring is the most diverse.

More rarely - white with bright red fins and tail (there is an opposite variant) or only with purple eyes. There are colors with pearl pink speckles and blue eyes (calico). Black individuals are very rare.

Like all similar fish, voiletails are slow, calm and friendly. Most of the time they rummage in the ground or swim slowly.

Conditions of detention

They need a spacious aquarium or even a declarative pond on the street.

Water should have the following indicators:

  • temperature 12-28 ° C
  • rigidity up to 20,
  • acidity 6.5-8.

Кислорода в воде должно быть много, поэтому фильтрация, аэрация и еженедельные подмены обязательны. Рекомендуемый свет - яркий, грунт - мелкий.

Украсить водоем можно камнями и корягами. Растения допустимы живые или искусственные, как грунтовые, так и плавучие. К кормам неприхотливы.

Нельзя никаких предметов с острыми краями и гранями, так как вуалехвостые рыбки поранят о них тело или повредят плавники с хвостом.

Veiltail breeding

These fish are ready to breed at the age of one year. At this time, the male appears on the first ray of the front pair of pectoral fins and growths on the gill covers in the form of warts, the size of semolina. The female clearly shows through a fat belly with caviar.

Reproduction occurs in spawning, in which water meets the indicators: 22-28 ° C, gH 8-15 ° and pH 7.0-8.0. They place a couple of males and one female, which is capable of sweeping up to 10 thousand eggs. After five days, the fry begin to swim. At this time they are fed rotifers.

As we see, there are many varieties of voile fish, and there are plenty to choose from. Especially since their content does not represent insurmountable difficulties. It is only important to remember that all voile ones are derived by breeders, in connection with which they have not only advantages (very beautiful), but also disadvantages (they are slow, have poor health and a short life span).

But it is in your power to create comfortable conditions for these fish and to ensure proper care, and then they will delight you for quite some time. Good luck!

Learn more about voile tail fish from the video:

Veiltail fish

An aquarium is not just a container for keeping ornamental fish. This is a window to the underwater kingdom, where "beauties" and "monsters" live. One hundred percent of the "beauties" can be attributed to the aquarium fish voilehvost. And many connoisseurs breed golden voilehvostov like fish with remarkable exterior data.

What does a hair tail look like?

There are two standards for the voiletail fish: classic (or skirt) and voile or voile (tape). The main distinguishing feature for the latter standard: a long and lush tail fin, almost transparent, like gas matter. In short, a veil. This fin hangs down straightened "ribbon" ("fork"). Moreover, the length of the voile tail can be several times (up to six) greater than the length of the body of the fish. There should be a 90 degree angle between the upper and lower lobes of the caudal fin. In the classic veiltail, all the blades are equal, the tail fin is in the form of a “skirt”. The main thing, according to any standard, the length of the tail fin cannot be less than 5/4 of the body length. The blades of the tail may be two, sometimes three. And only in rare specimens - four. It looks very beautiful, and it is appreciated.

Dorsal fin in high-tail fishes. The height is equal to the height of the body and should not be less. The eyes of a fish are larger than those of a regular goldfish. And it is remarkable that they have various colors of the iris. It is a pity that there is no green, emerald. The remaining fins are paired, with pointed edges. And, although the fish is slow, not very stable, the paired fins are strong. The body is defined as spherical or egg-shaped, and in the "tape" it is longer.

Standards are standards, but there are many variations of a voiletail aquarium fish: this is an albino, and a calico voiletail, and a gold voiletail, and a rare fish of completely black color. In addition to the luxurious fins, the fish attracts and its color. Dark red back and sides, and chest, abdomen and eyes are dark golden - this is a voyalehvost. Or the whole fish is white, and the fins are bright red or vice versa - this is also a voiletail. The fish, covered with pink-red spots, like scattered pearls with blue eyes, look very attractive. Or… . There are many options. And they are scaly and scaleless. But in order for the beauty of the aquarium fish of the voilehvosts to please the eye for a long time, they need to create a comfortable environment.

Content of voilehvostov

For each pair of such fish, an aquarium volume of about 50 liters is needed. Want more beauty, give it a bigger aquarium. They can even live in ponds and pools. Naturally, you need to relocate them to the aquarium during cold weather. These fish are demanding to the purity of water and its saturation with oxygen. Therefore, aeration is necessary. Veilhvosta quickly litter the aquarium, and therefore need water filtration. Requirements for water: temperature range of 12-28 degrees Celsius, the acidity of water in the range of 6.5 to 8.0. The rigidity of the aquarium water can be up to 20 degrees.

Vualekhvosti fishes, like true crucians, love to look for food in the ground, so there are requirements for the design of the bottom of the aquarium. There should be no sharp edges on the stones: they can damage the fins. If sand is used, it should be coarse. The roots of living plants should be hidden in stones, the leaves of plants should be hard, but clinging. The latter is especially important for artificial plants. Veiling fish - calm, slow-moving fish, not demanding to food, They eat live, vegetable, combined and dry food. They cannot be overfed. On average, a fish should eat about 3% of its weight per day. Divide the food into 2 portions, and feed in the morning and evening. Leftover food desirable to collect. Once a week let's say a fasting day.

Who do the veil tails go with?

Like all beauties, veil tails have their detractors and envious. Aquarium fish voilehvasty peaceful and slow. And they are not suitable neighborhood active and nimble. Especially those who drag them by the fins, or may even nibble them. These are the fish of the haraciformes or restless barbus neighbors. Vualehvosty with shubunkin fish get along. With a good content of the fish grow up to 20 cm and can live up to 20 years.

Goldfish Vealehvost