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How to defend water for the aquarium

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How to defend water for an aquarium :: Settling water for an aquarium :: Care and nurture

How to defend water for the aquarium

Water is the cradle of life. We are all familiar with this statement, but in the course of our evolution we learned to use such water, which is able to kill some living creatures - such as aquarium fish. In principle, any drinking water can be used for aquariums, but by no means mineral water. However, only after preliminary preparation and settling. How to defend water for aquariumso that the fish live and multiply in it? There are some simple rules.

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You will need

  • Water tank

Instruction

1. The first thing to remember is that any fresh water — from a tap, a well, or a fish well — is not suitable. Tap water most often has a large proportion of impurities, including a large amount of chlorine. Water from a well or well is too hard. And in any case - fresh water is always not the temperature that is necessary for the life of fish. In principle, a small amount of water, if it is not chlorinated in your area, can be poured into the aquarium without prior preparation. However, it will be better to defend it.

2. What else waterexcept tap, can be used for aquariums? If you take a lake or river to fill in the aquarium waterthen before use it must be heated to a temperature of +70 degrees to destroy unwanted microorganisms. City rain or snow is not suitable for aquariums, as it contains a large amount of harmful impurities. The application of rain or snow water from the countryside is possible, but it should be filtered.

3. How to defend water? Pour water for aquarium in a large container with a wide neck and top with gauze. Defend water within a few days to two weeks. The time of settling depends on the quality of water in the region where you live. During this period, the harmful impurities in the water will decompose or evaporate. If you have just purchased an aquarium, then for the first time water can defend it. And besides that you get defended waterYou also ensure that the aquarium is not leaking.

4. How to determine that the water has settled down sufficiently? First try to replace not all water in the aquarium at once, but only one third. If the fish after such a replacement feel normal - try to replace water wholly. Watch the fish. Some aquarists go to the trick and change water first run inexpensive fish. And only in the case of their well-being - let the rest.

5. And finally, the last piece of advice, how to determine that water is settling well: smell water functioning dwelling for small fishes. If it smells nice freshness - everything is fine. If the smell is unpleasant - it means something in the aquarium is wrong. Among the reasons for the unpleasant smell, except for water, which was incorrectly defended, non-compliance with the rules of care for the aquarium and dirty soil.

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How to prepare the water for the aquarium - a full description.

Why do you need to defend the water?

The main reason for this is harmful impurities that can harm the inhabitants of our aquarium. After settling, solids sometimes appear in the sediment. Initially clear water after a while can grow turbid.

Many aquarists leave the water for substitution to breathe for a few days, and so that all harmful suspensions evaporate for a week. This assumption is partly true, but it cannot guarantee the quality of the prepared water.

Before we do something, we always know why we need to do it. By keeping tap water outside the pipeline, we are trying to improve its performance so that it does not harm our fish. In other words, when defending water, we get rid of most of the malicious components.

Conditionally harmful substances in the water can be divided into:

  • solid (precipitates to the bottom);
  • gaseous (volatilized from water to the environment);
  • liquid (initially dissolved and remaining in water).

The process of settling can affect only solid and gaseous mixtures, and it does not affect liquid substances in any way.

What should be the temperature of the water in the aquarium?

Water temperature for the aquarium plays a crucial role. It depends on the health and ability of fish to breed. For each species of fish, a completely different water temperature is suitable. Conventionally, all the inhabitants of the aquarium can be divided into heat-loving and cold-loving.

By heat-loving include fish living in the water, the temperature of which is not below 18 degrees. Cold fishes are individuals that easily adapt to low temperatures. They can safely live in the aquarium, the temperature in which, will not exceed 14 degrees. The maintenance of cold-loving fish is possible only in large and spacious aquariums.

It is noteworthy that if the heat-loving fish are planted in cold water, then they practically stop swimming. This suggests that significant damage has been done to their health. Preparing water for the aquarium, you should use the tips for beginners, which can be found in the special literature. So, it is possible to choose the optimum temperature for water only after it becomes known exactly which species of fish will live in it.

The thing is that in the literature for each type of fish is given the permissible threshold of the highest and lowest temperatures at which the fish will feel comfortable. In accordance with these parameters, you can choose the future inhabitants of the aquarium so that they all feel comfortable in the same temperature conditions. This will avoid a huge number of problems associated with the maintenance and care of the fish.

How much to defend the water for the aquarium?

To finally get rid of all the harmful substances contained in the water, it must be defended for 1-2 weeks. For the backlog of water is better to use a large bucket or basin. Also, when buying a new aquarium, leave water in it and drain it at least once. At the same time, this way you can check if the aquarium is leaking. Some pet stores sell special products that neutralize chemical compounds in water. But experts recommend not to neglect the settling of water, even using these drugs.

Is there a need for water settling?

In order for the tap water to be normalized for replacement in an aquarium, it is necessary to remove from it all the harmful components - solid, gaseous and liquid.

Today, upholding is very rarely relevant. Solid components in the water supply system have isolated cases, chlorine water derivatives must be removed by air conditioning (chlorine gas is also removed), and liquid ones - only by special air conditioning. Polluted water settles for several hours, and with strong aeration much faster.

From all of the above, it is clear that it is best to use special additives for water. Settling water does not completely remove harmful substances, and in some cases it may even be harmful (a dusty film appears, stuffiness, etc.).

From personal experience:

  • I collect the necessary amount of water for the substitution;
  • add air conditioning according to the instructions;
  • perform aeration for 15 minutes;
  • I bring the temperature of fresh water (with air conditioning) into accord with the aquarium one;
  • I fill, and that's it.

The advantages of this method of water preparation: all harmful substances are removed, no need to wait until the water settles, the pots do not harm the interior of the room.

How to prepare the water?

Freshly tap water is not suitable for animal settlement. Reptiles, fish, amphibians and snails can adapt to it, but on condition that it infuses for several days.

Fresh, domestic water from the tap will destroy animals, because chlorine compounds are toxic to the sensitive organism of small creatures. On certain days, tap water contains different amounts of volatile substances, experts recommend turning on a shower and checking the steam and the presence of chlorine to check. If the smell is harsh, water should not be collected on this day.

Regardless of the season, weather and air temperature, domestic water will be different. Be observant if you want to settle the animals in clean water from impurities. Infused tap water is recommended for many pets and plants, it has an acceptable level of acidity: pH 7.0.

It forms an active reaction, creating an alkaline and acidic aqueous medium. The reaction is determined using litmus paper, which is sold in pet stores. Infusing water should not be in plastic containers; it is better to use glass jars with the lid open. The main thing is that in the prepared water, while it insists, do not get dust and insects.

You can use baking soda to raise the pH to the required level. Peat is recommended to lower the pH. Sometimes before the launch of a new aquarium in the water put samples of trees, reducing the acidity of water. The aquarium can be filled not only with tap water, but also distilled water, which is sold in pharmacies or in auto shops.

It is filled with small aquariums, but with an experienced razvodchiki warned that such water is poor in the mineral components necessary for animals. Rarely use a liquid from another aquarium, in which there is a stable biological equilibrium for normal life.

How to prepare water with permissible hardness?

Reduce stiffness by filtering and infusing. Sometimes, infused water (time - 2 days) from the tap add distilled, thawed or rain water. Plants such as roach and elodiea, reduce stiffness. There is another way - freezing. The collected water is frozen, and then thawed, defended and poured into the tank.

Increases the rigidity of the aquarium water by adding brine, pieces of chalk or limestone, coral chips to it. Coral crumb is recommended to boil (2 hours) to soften and prevent parasites. Only after all the procedures it is lowered into the tank.

It is better to run the fish in a day or two, until the water has acquired the necessary parameters. The temperature of the water in which the purchased fish, animals and plants lived should be identical to the aquarium. Again, use a thermometer, litmus paper to test. Do not neglect the recommendations that the life of pets was healthy and safe, because when kept in poor-quality aquatic environment, they may suffer.

What does water temperature affect?

Aquarium water that has a certain temperature can stimulate spawning. This applies to elevated water temperatures. However, this is not always useful for fish. So, the fish that spawn, you should not constantly keep in such conditions. Otherwise, to get offspring from them in the future will be simply impossible. Thus, when harvesting water for an aquarium, it is better to ensure that it is one degree below the norm.

Gaseous constituents of water

This type of substance evaporates through the surface of the water. Here one can consider the quantitative and qualitative compositions of dissolved gases in water. Gaseous substances in natural water enter into chemical reactions with other dissolved elements, due to diffusion they constantly circulate through the water mirror and are harmless and harmless to fish.

The method of water disinfection for your area can be found in the local water utility, this information will not be superfluous. At new water treatment plants, ozone and ultraviolet cleaning is applied, and such water can be added without fear (it is pointless to defend against oxygen and photons).

The outdated chlorine cleaning method is gradually becoming a thing of the past, but is still in use. Chlorine and its derivatives are poisons. They allow the destruction of both harmful bacteria and beneficial ones, as well as depending on the concentration of large animals and even humans.

Method of elimination of gaseous chlorine from water

Unpleasant smell of chlorine coming from freshly poured water, everyone knows. Water, being in a cup, ceases to smell after a while, and this means that chlorine molecules have evaporated.

If the fish are placed in newly recruited chlorinated water, they will die from body burns and gill petals.

Having made some observations on settling, it can be seen that chlorine evaporates quite quickly. It is not necessary to stand for water from the tap for more than a day, since the residual chlorine cannot affect the health of the fish.

The important point is the choice of dishes. The greater the area of ​​contact of water with the environment, the faster the gas exchange occurs, and chlorine disappears. From this it follows that when settling water in a large-diameter basin, it will become suitable for an aquarium much faster than using a plastic bottle.

It is impossible to cover the used dishes with a lid and even more so to twist the bottle, since there will be no place for volatilization of gas impurities, and the water which was chlorinated will remain so.

Ozone and its effect on fish

With ozone, things are somewhat different. It does not have a pronounced smell, although it carries freshness. Under natural conditions, we feel it during a thunderstorm, during the operation of air conditioners (ozonizing) and laser printers. Before water is supplied to the drinking pipeline, the process of its ozonization takes place, the ozone molecules are unstable and quickly pass into a stable compound - oxygen. Well, oxygen is not dangerous to fish.

What is pH and hardness?

pH is a pH indicator of the acidic environment. A pH of 7 is considered neutral because it is more favorable for most aquarium dwellers. In the case when it is less than 7, the water is alkaline. In order to easily determine the pH of water, it is necessary to purchase litmus papers with a color table, or specialized aquarium tests.

The second parameter of water is hardness. It is divided into temporary and permanent. Water hardness may also affect aquarium inhabitants.
In order to avoid unpleasant consequences, aquarium water should also be checked for permanent and temporary rigidity. It is measured in degrees and is calculated by adding the temporal and constant rigidity.

In the case when spawning of a certain type of fish is necessary, for example, such as neons, in which caviar can survive only in very soft water, water with low hardness content is used. However, for most avkarium fish species, water with a hardness content of less than 5 is not suitable for life and breeding. At the same time, too high water hardness, such as 25 degrees and above, is also destructive for most aquarium species. Of course, there are exceptions.

The norm, it is considered to be hardness from 5 to 25 degrees, which is favorable for the vast majority of different types of aquarium fish.

Aquarists who do not want to bother themselves with various dimensions can simply pick up certain types of fish that feel great in ordinary tap water.

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How to prepare water for the aquarium at home

Preparation of water for an aquarium is a crucial task that requires certain knowledge and skills, especially for a novice aquarist. The state of physical well-being of plants, fish and other animals living in water depends on the water used. Water properties are extremely important for creating a biological balance of a reservoir. To prepare water at home, you need to study the properties of water in order to properly adjust its parameters. In high-quality aquatic environment pets will live comfortably.

How to prepare the water?

Freshly tap water is not suitable for animal settlement. Reptiles, fish, amphibians and snails can adapt to it, but on condition that it infuses for several days. Fresh, domestic water from the tap will destroy animals, because chlorine compounds are toxic to the sensitive organism of small creatures. On certain days, tap water contains different amounts of volatile substances, experts recommend turning on a shower and checking the steam and the presence of chlorine to check. If the smell is harsh, water should not be collected on this day.

Regardless of the season, weather and air temperature, domestic water will be different. Be observant if you want to settle the animals in clean water from impurities. Infused tap water is recommended for many pets and plants, it has an acceptable level of acidity: pH 7.0. It forms an active reaction, creating an alkaline and acidic aqueous medium. The reaction is determined using litmus paper, which is sold in pet stores. Infusing water should not be in plastic containers; it is better to use glass jars with the lid open.The main thing is that in the prepared water, while it insists, do not get dust and insects.

See how to test the water.

You can use baking soda to raise the pH to the required level. Peat is recommended to lower the pH. Sometimes before the launch of a new aquarium in the water put samples of trees, reducing the acidity of water. The aquarium can be filled not only with tap water, but also distilled water, which is sold in pharmacies or in auto shops. It is filled with small aquariums, but with an experienced razvodchiki warned that such water is poor in the mineral components necessary for animals. Rarely use a liquid from another aquarium, in which there is a stable biological equilibrium for normal life.


On the temperature of the aquarium water

As you know, all the fish and not only breed at a certain temperature of the aquatic environment. Heat mimics the rainy season, climate change, and the time of year, serves as a signal for finding a pair and spawning. All types of fish, snails, amphibians and reptiles live in different water temperatures. Also, residents of home nurseries are divided into two types - cold-loving and heat-loving. Heat-loving - those who live at a temperature not lower than 18-20 degrees Celsius, while cold-loving people are able to live in cool water (14-18 degrees and lower). The latter live only in spacious reservoirs, where there is a slow and cool undercurrent. Heat-loving species in cold water behave sluggishly, motionless, begin to ache.


Starting the preparation of water for the aquarium, consult with experts, or ask for help from the specialist literature. For each pet requires optimal water temperature, so only compatible animals need to settle in one tank with identical parameters (heat-loving animals are not settled with cold-loving animals, herbivores and predators are kept in separate nurseries, large and small are settled separately). In accordance with all parameters (permissible threshold of temperature, acidity, hardness), the acquired living creatures inhabit the aquarium. You should also take into account the conditions of the content of plants in the water, they are important specified parameters of the aquatic environment. Comfortable neighborhood will provide proper care and living conditions.

See how to prepare water for an aquarium.

How to prepare water with permissible hardness?

Reduce stiffness by filtering and infusing. Sometimes, infused water (time - 2 days) from the tap add distilled, thawed or rain water. Plants such as roach and elodiea, reduce stiffness. There is another way - freezing. The collected water is frozen, and then thawed, defended and poured into the tank.

Increases the rigidity of the aquarium water by adding brine, pieces of chalk or limestone, coral chips to it. Coral crumb is recommended to boil (2 hours) to soften and prevent parasites. Only after all the procedures it is lowered into the tank.

It is better to run the fish in a day or two, until the water has acquired the necessary parameters. The temperature of the water in which the purchased fish, animals and plants lived should be identical to the aquarium. Again, use a thermometer, litmus paper to test. Do not neglect the recommendations that the life of pets was healthy and safe, because when kept in poor-quality aquatic environment, they may suffer.

Water for aquarium

Water is the source of life and habitat of all marine and freshwater creatures. Under natural conditions, animals feel comfortable mostly in clean water. In such water, they can grow and multiply. At home, everything is different. Many people prefer to start aquarium fish, but not all care about the proper quality of water for the aquarium. The use of ordinary tap water can be detrimental to its inhabitants. Therefore, there are several simple rules for preparing water for an aquarium.

What kind of water to fill in the aquarium?

Fish and other inhabitants of the aquarium should not be run in fresh water. It is fraught with diseases in animals. Various chemical compounds that are in the usual for us water, are detrimental to the inhabitants of the aquarium. Chlorine is especially dangerous. Water, without fail, must be separated.

How much to defend the water for the aquarium?

To finally get rid of all the harmful substances contained in the water, it must be defended for 1-2 weeks. For the backlog of water is better to use a large bucket or basin. Also, when buying a new aquarium, leave water in it and drain it at least once. At the same time, this way you can check if the aquarium is leaking. Some pet stores sell special products that neutralize chemical compounds in water. But experts recommend not to neglect the settling of water, even using these drugs.

Aquarium water temperature

The most suitable temperature for aquarium water is room - 23-26 degrees. In winter, the aquarium should not be carried out on the balcony, nor is it recommended to place it near the radiator or heater.

Water hardness in the aquarium

Stiffness is an important parameter of water in an aquarium. This parameter is determined by the total amount of calcium and magnesium salts that are dissolved in water. The range of water hardness is very wide. Under natural conditions, this indicator depends on climate, soil and season. Fish can live in water of different hardness, but they are extremely necessary for magnesium and calcium salts - they play an important role in the growth and reproduction of animals.

In an aquarium, the hardness of the water is constantly changing, it becomes softer - the fish digest the salts that are in the water. Therefore, the water in the aquarium should be periodically changed.

Aquarium water purification

The easiest way to clean is a complete change of water in the aquarium. But in some cases this task is difficult and unnecessary. Water is much easier to clean. As a rule, simple filters based on activated carbon are used to purify turbid water in an aquarium. Water filters in the aquarium can be made independently or purchased at a pet store.

Aeration of water in the aquarium

This parameter is regulated by temperature, plants and the presence of living things in the aquarium. By aeration, oxygen is monitored in the aquarium. Aeration can be performed using special devices - compressors that saturate water with oxygen. Also, there are filters for water treatment with built-in compressors. Water parameters in the aquarium play an important role in the normal functioning of fish. It is important that any of the parameters be changed very smoothly, excluding sudden temperature fluctuations.

By following these simple rules, each owner of the aquarium provides fish with conditions as close as possible to the natural ones. And this, in turn, is the key to the health and long life of pets.

What kind of water to pour into the aquarium for fish

Water is required for marine and freshwater fish. Under natural conditions, the main requirement is purity, because harmful impurities do not allow the inhabitants to successfully multiply and develop. However, how is the situation at home? In fact, the question “what kind of water to pour into the aquarium” is really important, because you need to remember the quality of aquarium water. For example, if you use untreated water taken from the tap, pets will have to face serious harm. For this reason, you need to remember useful recommendations.

What water is required for an aquarium?

The most important rule is the lack of fresh water. Otherwise it will be extremely difficult for aquarium inhabitants to exist in their house.

At the same time, one should not allow the presence of chemical compounds that prove to be destructive. The greatest risk is chlorine. Given this aspect, water is best defended.

The optimal duration of water settling

It takes from one to two weeks of preparation to eliminate harmful substances. It is advisable to use for settling a bucket or basin of large size.

When buying an aquarium, it is recommended to treat the water in a new house for fish. In addition, a similar move will allow you to check whether the design is complete.

If necessary, you can buy special drugs that can neutralize chemicals in the water. Professionals recommend to defend water from the tap, even if such drugs are used.

Optimum characteristics of aquarium water

In the aquarium is best to pour, trying to achieve certain indicators.

  1. Room temperature is the best option for aquarium residents. For this reason, a decent indicator is from +23 to +26 degrees. For this reason, in the cold season it is undesirable to take the aquarium to the balcony or put a house for fish next to a heater or a radiator.
  2. Water hardness largely determines the life expectancy of aquarium dwellers. Taking into account this nuance, it is desirable to control the composition of the water used. Calcium, magnesium always lead to increased rigidity. The range of hardness pleases with its variety. Fish can live in water of any hardness, but at the same time magnesium and calcium become useful only with certain quantitative indicators. In the aquarium, you can allow the fact that the hardness will change on an ongoing basis, because the inhabitants will absorb the salt. Taking into account the regular changes of an important indicator, it is recommended to update the water in the aquarium.
  3. Water purification involves a complete change of water in the aquarium. However, this task is not always necessary. Modern technologies allow the use of special filters for cleaning, operating on activated carbon.

Aeration of water in the aquarium

This parameter depends on the temperature, plants and fish. Aeration allows you to control oxygen in the house of marine or freshwater inhabitants who fall into the conditions of the apartment. Manufacturers offer special devices, pleasing efficiency with respect to the flow of oxygen into the aquarium.

In addition, cleaning filters with pre-installed compressors can be used. Being engaged in the full control of water, there is an opportunity to guarantee the successful livelihoods of fish. Without fail, any indicator related to water should change gradually and without abrupt changes. Responsible approach and taking into account the numerous nuances allows you to bring the conditions in the aquarium to the natural environment.

What water is suitable for an aquarium?

Is it possible to use ordinary tap water? What water should be used for the aquarium, taking care of the fish?

  1. It is best to use soft water with neutral indicators. Such water flows in water pipes, but it should not be connected to artesian wells. To mitigate it is recommended to use distilled or rainy water, as well as melt water.
  2. Plain tap water cannot be used. It is imperative to defend typed liquid, eliminating it from excess gases.
  3. Chlorine treatment in the aquarium is a mandatory requirement. If the chlorine index exceeds 0.1 milligram, the larvae and young fish will die in a couple of hours, 0.05 milligram will be dangerous for fish eggs.
  4. The pH should be monitored with increased responsibility. To achieve optimal performance, air blowing and batch delivery of the liquid to the house for fish is recommended. The minimum pH should be 7 units.

Features aquarium water change

Each owner of the aquarium understands the need to change the water in the house for fish.

Old water should be drained from the aquarium using a hose. It is recommended to use a tank located below the main aquarium. It is best to place the fish and snails in the bottle for a while, where the separated water will be.

During the event it is advisable to wash the aquarium algae using cold water. Some plants will have to throw out, causing such an act adverse changes in the state.

Decorative details, including pebbles and shells, aquarium sculptures, you need to rinse with hot water from a tap, but the cleaning products can not be used. If necessary, pebbles are allowed to process boiled water.

To remove dirt from aquarium glasses, a special brush is traditionally used.

After a similar procedure, shells and stones can be placed in the aquarium. At the next stage, it is allowed to plant algae. After this, you can fill the aquarium with water, but you should not overdo it with the thickness of the stream. After the new water is added, it is recommended to install aquarium equipment to monitor the life of the inhabitants. It is recommended to run the fish only after all the procedures have been successfully carried out.

How often should water be replaced? Partial volume is recommended for weekly execution, because the water can evaporate. For this reason, once a week it is best to add water to the aquarium. Full cleaning should be done once a month. If the fish died due to substandard water from the tap or other adverse factors, it is advisable to replace the aquarium water, thereby securing other marine or freshwater inhabitants.

Full control over the living conditions of the aquarium dwellers guarantees the opportunity to enjoy beautiful and healthy fish.

How long do you need to defend the water for the aquarium?

Natalia

it depends on the water that you use ... Moscow enough to defend the day ...
... it is possible with a compressor for 3-4 hours, but only if the composition of fish is aqu. allows ...
Council ...
it is necessary to completely drain and clean the ACV only in emergency cases ...
use part of the old water is necessary ... at least a third, better than 50% ...
and then pour the water completely out of the tap ... aeration and pumps for all the power ...
after 5-6 hours, plant fish ...
Recommendations are also suitable for Moscow water ...
the whiteness of the water is subsequently the norm ... nothing needs to be done ...

User deleted

We defend the Moscow tap water for a new aquarium within 24 hours, run the fish and understand that there is a certain risk.
Recently, special compositions have been added to hot water, which, at elevated concentrations, for example, in scalars, can cause destruction of the protective mucous layer. Scalaries began to spin and die after being placed in an aquarium with water discharged for 3 days. The survivors circled fins. Most other species of fish felt good. This is an exceptional case, but you should consider the possibility of such problems.
For Moscow, we can recommend:
- defend the water for a new aquarium for 2 days;
- Replace with water (of the same temperature) up to 1/5 of the volume of the aquarium once every 2 weeks.
If water is changed regularly and the fish are used to it, the volume of water replaced can be increased and vice versa.

How to prepare water for the aquarium

How to prepare water for the aquarium

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