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How to clean the aquarium with fish

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How to clean the tank yourself

You are attracted to fish, and you want to make pets at home? Then it's time to learn a few rules for the care of the aquarium and aquatic plants. By the way, it is useful to those who already have their own miniature lake. How to wash, what to clean, where to identify the fish, or how to prepare the tank for running pets - read on the best ways to cope with the task without the use of expensive tools.

We are preparing the aquarium to launch the fish at home

From the first minute of the appearance of the glass house, you need to know how often wall cleaning is required, as well as the correct procedure. There is only one correct way of preparation, it needs to be remembered:

  1. Put the container "breathe" open at room temperature. This is required for the complete disappearance of the aroma of silicone. If the aquarium was purchased in winter, then it is worth leaving the dishes for the night so that the walls do not burst during cleaning.
  2. Regular baking soda and sponge - with their help, wash the walls outside and inside to clean the glass from any infections. Water use only warm, thorough flushing is required.
  3. Pour half of the desired amount of water, separated in 24 hours. Water immediately from the tap can not be poured!
  4. Lay out at the bottom of the "rocks", living pebbles, "natural" caves and other interior required for convenient location of pets.

Tip! Very often, fish of a certain type require regular pebbles both on the bottom and fixed on the walls. It is best to use a special glue that perfectly attaches the stones and does not poison the fish.

  1. After a full day, add all the water, retreating 5-7 cm from the edge of the aquarium.
  2. Run the fishes.
  3. If the water does not "run away", then after 3-5 days it is drained, replacing it with a new one. Do not forget about the mandatory sludge fluid.

Tip! After changing the water for the first time for 1.5-2 months, the water is not completely changed at all! Such a measure is necessary to create a natural biological balance. At the same time, it is necessary to frequently remove yellowed or rotted leaves of algae. But do not forget to follow the behavior of the fish - it will show how comfortable the pets are in the new environment. Guppies are considered the best for beginners - these representatives do not require much care and quickly adapt to any conditions.

How to wash the aquarium without catching fish

The so-called normal cleaning of the aquarium is required to remove green deposits from the walls and with some water pollution. The procedure is carried out as needed, but not often, about once every 2-4 weeks. What should be done:

  1. Take out the turbine pump and wash it with a brush (you can take a small toothbrush);
  2. Use a scraper for aquariums to clean the walls of the plaque;
  3. Drain a third of the water and replace the settled;
  4. Turn on the pump, aerator, light, install clean, washed equipment.

Remember that this cleaning aquarium does not require the removal of fish from the water. And a little advice: to guess that you need to clean the aquarium is simple - a weak flow of water signals that the filter is clogged, it is time to wash it!

Restart Aquarium

Restarting is called partial or complete replacement of plants, thorough cleaning of the walls. The procedure should be carried out only in the presence of infections, complete water pollution or if you got the "water world" from a careless owner and you need to completely clean up all the consequences of such "care."

  1. Catch fish and put in a temporary shelter;
  2. Drain all the water, catch and rinse using baking soda or special solutions "interior" of the aquarium;
  3. Remove and clean soil fractions contaminated with excrement, rotten plants and other debris. This is done under a stream of water, in parts (preferably using a strainer), and with very noticeable dirt, the ground is completely changed. By the way, a good result is provided by cleaning with a siphon or a hose with a watering can at the end: open the water, run the watering can into the ground and rinse it turns out perfectly. If an infection has started in the ground, then it must be boiled in water. Usually, the soil is cleaned every 3-4 weeks;
  4. Washing the walls of the aquarium is the next stage of work. Glass needs to be washed completely. To do this, use a nylon sponge for washing dishes, scrapers (for removing plaque) and other improvised means. It is important not to scratch the walls of the aquarium, otherwise it is in such scratches that all the dirt will collect. Disinfection of the tank is carried out by means of boiling water, then the glass is cooled;
  5. Pour water on a third of the volume;
  6. Lay the soil and put back all the washed accessories (without plants);
  7. Let the water stand for about a week and you can plant plants that have survived in normal form, supplementing with new algae;
  8. Another 3-4 days and you can run the fish, topping up with water to the desired volume.

It takes time and some money to complete a full cleaning of the aquarium, but this is not all: before filling the tank with fish, it is necessary to conduct water samples.

How often is the aquarium cleaned:

  • Half of the fluid needs to be replaced every 7 days;
  • Capacities in volume more than 200 l, need to be cleaned once in 15 days;
  • If the aquarium is less than 150 liters, then care is required every 7-10 days.

Remember that cleaning the aquarium depends on filling it with fish. Numerous inhabitants quickly pollute the water, the soil. Also, the garbage remains after feeding, and here it is important to choose the optimal dose so that the feed particles that remain in the ground do not remain.

Tips from experienced aquarists - this is useful, but do not follow them blindly, because if you clean often, the natural balance is broken. The real state of affairs will show the inhabitants of your "water world", and you already know how to clean the aquarium.

Video how to clean the aquarium:

CLEANING AQUARIUM FOR BEGINNERS.

How to clean the aquarium

General cleaning in the aquarium need to do depending on the type of fish. For some, the best option is a one-time monthly cleaning, for others - weekly. Remember that fish do not like to be disturbed, changing their habitat, even for a short time. General cleaning is always a stress for any kind of fish. That is why during cleaning do not frighten your fish with sharp movements. Planning to make changes in the aquarium, replace the plants? Then it is better to combine this procedure with cleaning and cleaning. Remember: the use of all sorts of chemical cleaners in the aquarium is strictly prohibited! In specialty stores you can buy a special siphon for cleaning the aquarium. You can also use the materials available at home. The walls of the aquarium should be cleaned with a scraper, washcloth, kitchen sponge. After all, they are constantly settled by microorganisms that impede visibility and create an untidy, sloppy look to the aquarium. After cleaning the glasses, you can proceed to cleaning the bottom of your aquarium. The soil must be cleaned from the remnants of food and fish excrement. All this accumulates below. But how do you know that you need such a cleaning? Take a stick and shake the soil, stir it. If bubbles begin to rise from the bottom, then cleaning is necessary. This procedure will facilitate your special soil cleaner. This is a flexible hose with a glass or metal tip, which should be led along the bottom, pressing it deep into. Through the tip will drain water with dirt. It is important to control the amount of drained water. The volume of this water should not exceed one fifth of the total water volume of the aquarium. This amount of water you need then add to the tank. It should be carefully with the roots of plants when cleaning, do not damage them. After all, the main thing in cleaning is the preservation of all life and the support of the natural habitat. Water purification helps to refresh the aquarium and remove accumulated harmful substances. In order to alleviate the stress of the fish due to the replacement of water, it is necessary to replace it partially. This should be done once every 2 weeks. Water for this purpose should be defended within a few days. Is your tank not covered on top? Then a film may appear on the surface of the water. You can fix it with a sheet of paper, the size of which is equal to the size of the aquarium. This sheet must be held by the edges, dipped in water and slowly lifted along with a harmful film. If necessary, the procedure is done several times. When general cleaning of the aquarium should not forget about the filter for cleaning. Usually its elements are made of foam rubber. Therefore, for their thorough cleaning you just need to rinse them under a strong stream of water. The filter mechanism is usually cleaned with a simple toothbrush. General cleaning of the aquarium, its competent cleaning will prolong the life of your floating pets, will support the normal level of the aquatic environment. After all, cleanliness, order are necessary for all living beings. Support them, monitor, watch for changes. And then your healthy pets will delight the eye with their active movements!

Step-by-step cleaning of the aquarium at home: instructions

1. Clean the aquarium siphon.

Properly cleaning the aquarium with a siphon is not so difficult, it is enough to do it once, and then you can do it with your eyes closed. Aquarium siphons are of different designs, but regardless of them, the siphon of the bottom of the aquarium will always be built on the same principles.

With this procedure, you must begin the procedure of cleaning any aquarium with fish. You should siphon both the surface of the soil and a little bit from the bottom. As a rule, the main waste is accumulated on the surface. It is necessary to remove the volume that you are going to fill back in the form of separated water. Calculate this amount is not difficult, the main thing is not to forget to do it, but if you have water with a reserve, then you have nothing to worry about.

2. Clean the glass.

In fact, we want to say from our own experience - there are most problems with glasses, simply because cleaning them is too lazy ... This is the hardest work - you have to work with a scraper, go through all the growths. If you do not do this when the first growths appear, then in the future it will be very difficult to cope with them, and even more so, not a single cleaner fish can cope with months-long growths.

3. Cleaning the filter.

Cleaning the filter is third on the list, because for this we need water from the aquarium so that we can wash the filter parts and rinse the sponges in it. It is better if it is the water that you drain off last, so that it contains as little turbidity and sediment as possible. After washing the filter in this water, you collect it and put it back.

4. Fill the separated water in the aquarium.

When all the so-called dirty work on the proper cleaning of the aquarium with fish is done, we have only a little left - to fill in clean water. This should be the water that you defended during the week in a special container. Only after the water is poured, you can turn on the filter, as well as lighting.

5. Add vitamins.

Also, if required, you can add any vitamins for fish to the aquarium. It can also be a means for water, as well as algae control. In general, such means are better to be poured either with the new separated water, so that they immediately spread throughout the entire volume, or to fill them in the area where the water is released from the filter.

Tips for proper cleaning:

  1. Be sure to schedule time in advance when cleaning is needed. Do it the day before, so as not to postpone for the last moment. We advise for the sake of such a thing to tune in a little bit for a small half-hour work with an aquarium in advance - it will be easier to do everything without being lazy.
  2. If you suddenly forgot to defend the water (and this happens with busy people who have large aquariums), then it is better to skip the cleaning than siphonit and pour the unprepared (not settled) water.
  3. If it is completely lazy, then in small aquariums it can be cleaned less often, for example, once every 2 weeks (for aquariums up to 30-40 liters). But it all depends on the pollution of the aquarium, filter power, etc.
  4. Try to move the siphon in the aquarium without sudden movements. This should be done in order not to frighten the fish once again, especially if these fish are large and shy.
  5. Do not siphon deep soil, which is located close to large plants. This soil contains plant nutrients (of course, if dirt comes through the stones, then you need to siphon even there, in the depths). In addition, once again you should not disturb the root system of plants, because for them it is stressful - the plants do not like transplants and movements in the aquarium.

    Fish-nurses

    There are types of fish that not only delight the eye with its bright color and peace-loving disposition, but also bring undoubted benefits - it is an aquarium cleaner. These include swordtails, guppies, mollies and squares. They have a special structure of the mouth - a developed lower jaw resembles a scraper, with which the fish can remove plaque from the walls or bottom of the aquarium, as well as clean the leaves of plants.

    Both the ancistrus and the shellfish catfish are very interesting - their mouth apparatus is very similar to the sucker, with its help these creatures can move along the walls of the aquarium. In addition, organic plaque taken from the glass walls is part of their diet. These types of fish will become real assistants in cleaning the aquarium and greatly facilitate this procedure.

    Means for cleaning.

    Not all detergents and cleaners can be used in cleaning the aquarium. There are even some types of chemistry that are not recommended to use. Cleaning devices are very simple, there are not many of them. There are only a few items that are needed without fail.

    Be sure to need a scraper to properly clean the glass aquarium. There are two types of it: on a magnet and with a long handle. The first option is specifically designed for aquariums. It is so designed that you simply drop it into the water, and control its movements on the other side of the glass. That is, do not even have to wring hands in the water.

    The second thing you need is a straw (siphon) with which the soil is cleaned at the bottom of the aquarium. It is inexpensive. In addition, you can make it yourself in the presence of a small piece of hose.

    And the last important device is a water purifying filter. Its plus is that it works all the time. That is, the water is filtered non-stop. The process of its cleaning is constantly going on. Moreover, the filter absorbs and retains foreign particles. Consequently, both the soil and the walls of the aquarium become less quickly contaminated. Also, the filter protects plants from unwanted plaque.

Cleaning and maintenance of the aquarium

Properly cleaning the aquarium with a siphon is not so difficult, it is enough to do it once, and then you can do it with your eyes closed. Aquarium siphons are of different designs, but regardless of them, the siphon of the bottom of the aquarium will always be built on the same principles.

With this procedure, you must begin the procedure of cleaning any aquarium with fish. You should siphon both the surface of the soil and a little bit from the bottom. As a rule, the main waste is accumulated on the surface. It is necessary to remove the volume that you are going to fill back in the form of separated water. Calculate this amount is not difficult, the main thing is not to forget to do it, but if you have water with a reserve, then you have nothing to worry about.

2. Clean the glass.

In fact, we want to say from our own experience - there are most problems with glasses, simply because cleaning them is too lazy ... This is the hardest work - you have to work with a scraper, go through all the growths. If you do not do this when the first growths appear, then in the future it will be very difficult to cope with them, and even more so, not a single cleaner fish can cope with months-long growths.

3. Cleaning the filter.

Cleaning the filter is third on the list, because for this we need water from the aquarium so that we can wash the filter parts and rinse the sponges in it. It is better if it is the water that you drain off last, so that it contains as little turbidity and sediment as possible. After washing the filter in this water, you collect it and put it back.

4. Fill the separated water in the aquarium.

When all the so-called dirty work on the proper cleaning of the aquarium with fish is done, we have only a little left - to fill in clean water. This should be the water that you defended during the week in a special container. Only after the water is poured, you can turn on the filter, as well as lighting.

5. Add vitamins.

Also, if required, you can add any vitamins for fish to the aquarium. It can also be a means for water, as well as algae control. In general, such means are better to be poured either with the new separated water, so that they immediately spread throughout the entire volume, or to fill them in the area where the water is released from the filter.

Why clean the aquarium!

First of all, it is necessary to clean to remove the remnants of food, livelihoods of fish and other inhabitants. Эти продукты оседают на дне, копятся там, если их не удалять своевременно, то они могут стать причиной ухудшения качества воды. А качество воды в аквариуме, как известно напрямую влияет на здоровье и долголетие ваших питомцев.

Конечно, если у вас в аквариуме есть живые растения с развитой корневой системой, то они смогут очень даже хорошо перерабатывать все остатки от корма, жизнедеятельности рыб и т. п.

Как часто надо чистить аквариум

Частота чистки аквариума определяется в первую очередь количеством питомцев, наличием растений, фильтров, и т. д. The average frequency with which it is optimal to carry out cleaning with a siphon bottom - once a week. If you are new to the aquarium business, then this indicator will suit you best.

The second question is what to clean! Siphon - once a week is necessary in almost all aquariums with fish. But you can clean the filter at different intervals. For example, if you have an internal filter installed, it will be optimal for it to also clean the sponges once a week. For an external filter, such a procedure can be done every few months. Depending on the model and the number of fish in the aquarium, cleaning can occur with a frequency of once every 2-3 months.

Tips for proper cleaning:

  1. Be sure to schedule time in advance when cleaning is needed. Do it the day before, so as not to postpone for the last moment. We advise for the sake of such a thing to tune in a little for a small half-hour work with an aquarium in advance - it will be easier to do everything without being lazy.
  2. If you suddenly forgot to defend the water (and this happens with busy people who have large aquariums), then it is better to skip the cleaning than siphonit and pour the unprepared (not settled) water.
  3. If it is completely lazy, then in small aquariums it can be cleaned less often, for example, once every 2 weeks (for aquariums up to 30-40 liters). But it all depends on the pollution of the aquarium, filter power, etc.
  4. Try to move the siphon in the aquarium without sudden movements. This should be done in order not to frighten the fish once again, especially if these fish are large and shy.
  5. Do not siphon deep soil, which is located close to large plants. This soil contains plant nutrients (of course, if dirt comes through the stones, then you need to siphon even there, in the depths). In addition, once again you should not disturb the root system of plants, because for them it is stressful - the plants do not like transplants and movements in the aquarium.

Clean the tank correctly and regularly and regularly, and then you will minimize any problems. If you have any questions or important additions to the stated tips, you can always leave your comments on the site.

CARE FOR AQUARIUM AND FISHING FOR BEGINNERS

Caring for an aquarium is like cleaning the house, the same simple rules for staying healthy and clean and regular. In this article you will learn how to properly care for a home aquarium, what important things there are and how often to do it. Why do you need to siphon the ground? What cleaners can I use? How to wash the sponge filter? Why and how to change the water in the aquarium? You will find answers to these and other questions.

Care of the filter - as part of a wash filter?

The sponge inside the filter should be rinsed regularly to avoid clogging and reducing the flow of water that it can pass through. But note that the old and dirty sponge is more effective than the one just bought.

The fact is that the beneficial bacteria that turn toxic substances into neutral, live just on the surface of the sponge, in this very dirt. But, if the sponge gets too dirty, it starts to let in much less water. The amount of oxygen necessary for bacteria decreases, and they begin to die.

Therefore, the sponge of the internal filter, which is small in power, must be cleaned every two weeks. The internal filter, which is much more powerful pump and more useful volume, is not clogged so quickly. It is possible to clean the sponge of the internal filter no more than once a month, for some models even more.

The internal filter also has other materials that have a shorter lifetime. So, filters with activated carbon need to be changed once a month, otherwise they accumulate dirt and begin to give it back.

Filters of primary cleaning (dense white fabric which the first takes water in itself), it is better to change every two weeks, but it depends on the aquarium itself.
The biological filter, which is usually made in the form of ceramic or plastic balls, should be washed monthly. Please note that it is enough just to rinse, rather than bring to the factory state.

How to care for the aquarium?

To preserve the biological balance in the aquarium, experts recommend the following scheme of care for the aquarium.

Daily care:

  • feeding and inspection of fish. Feeding should be moderate, it is necessary to ensure that the fish ate all the food for the time set for each type of fish. Feed particles should not fall to the ground, as this may lead to the growth of bacteria. During feeding, you should count the fish, watch their behavior, make sure there are no signs of disease.
  • check the tightness of the aquarium and the health of the instruments. The difference in water temperature at the ground and on the surface should not exceed three degrees, otherwise the heater should be checked. If the water becomes cloudy, check the operation of the filters, if necessary, increase the capacity or replace.
  • inspect the algae and plants, if necessary, remove damaged leaves and excess.

Weekly care:

  • clean cover glass, aquarium walls and plant leaves. If necessary, the plants should be thinned, fertilized under the roots, the excess algae should be removed, the soil should be siphoned.
  • measure water readings, PH, KH, DH. Make a water change from 20 to 30%. To do this, use only dechlorinated water.
  • clean the filter.

Care of water in the aquarium

The more competent the care of an aquarium is, the faster biological balance will be achieved and the aquarium will “mature”. The most common mistake is to completely replace the water, or to replace too much water, without emergency. With such frequent manipulations it is impossible to achieve balance. But we can not ignore the turbidity of water, as well as high levels of nitrates and ammonia. In each case, you should establish and eliminate the cause of violations. Water filtration should also be given special attention, each filter has its own operating requirements that must be followed.

Aquarium care errors

To begin with, we would like to consider aquarium care errors that you can avoid, unlike many novice aquarists. Many are trying to do everything either at random, or later that they heard from their friends how to properly ...

Even a small mistake can seriously throw you back on the results, because, as you know, spoiling something is much easier than creating anew. That is why we have prepared for you a list of the most common mistakes in aquarism.

And also, we will help you avoid them, as well as cope with them, if they still could not get around your home aquarium:

  • soil washing
  • replacement of all water
  • shutdown lighting for a long time
  • turn off the filter at night
  • easy access to the aquarium for children

Soil washing

There is an opinion that washing the ground is a great way of washing the aquarium (this is especially true for small aquariums, which are bought for children, but parents who are not in charge of aquarium affairs take care of them). In fact, washing the soil in the bud kills the entire biological background of the aquarium, as a result of which the equilibrium deteriorates. We highly advise against this, as it will be correct in this case to siphon the ground.

Feeding fish

An important aspect of aquarium maintenance is feeding the fish. The ideal option is feeding once a day at the same time. Someone feeds 2 times a day, but we do not advise doing this, because the fish do not have the most active digestion, they can simply start having problems. Approach feeding responsibly, do not take long breaks, otherwise the fish will starve and may start to hurt.

Replacing all water

Replacing all the water in the care of an aquarium can bring the same problems as washing the soil. As a result of this action, the biological balance of the aquarium can be seriously shaken. It is correct to replace only 15-20% of water from the total once a week.

Turn off lighting for a long time

Many people are not serious about the aquarium lighting mode. This is especially manifested in laziness or forgetfulness, as a result of which the light may not turn on for several days. This is extremely wrong and irresponsible approach. The light should be lit every day for 10-12 hours depending on the plants and the animal composition of the aquarium.

Turn off the filter at night

Probably very many novice aquarists did this - they turned off the filter or aeration for the night. First of all, because of the noise they may cause. This also cannot be done, and it is necessary to fight not with the investigation, but with the cause. Buy a quieter filter, or pick up a quieter sprayer for the aerator.

Easy access to the aquarium for children

Small children are unlikely to be able to harm themselves for some reason, being near the aquarium, but they will be able to harm it very easily. Children under the age of 5-6 years do not have the concept of responsibility, and therefore they can throw foreign objects in the aquarium, etc. Therefore, if possible, the cover should be in the aquarium, and it should be kept away from children's access.

How to care for a small aquarium?

In fact, caring for a small aquarium consists of the same manipulations as caring for a large one, but it requires greater accuracy in adjusting the performance of the equipment, calculating the amount of water for changing. Also, with a small amount of water should be with particular attention to the choice of inhabitants of the aquarium and carefully monitor the plants. You can not overdo it, too frequent cleaning can in the shortest possible time lead to an imbalance, while insufficient attention to the hygiene of the aquarium can lead to the accumulation of toxic substances and the death of fish. A small aquarium should be provided with good filtration and aeration.

WHAT CLEANING PRODUCTS CAN BE USED?

None It is very important to wash the filter with water alone. And it is also important that the water was from the aquarium. Tap water contains chlorine, which kills harmful bacteria in the water. But he does not know how to understand and also kills the beneficial bacteria living in the internal filter.

Separated water can be used. But here again, another water with a different hardness, acidity and temperature, and it can affect the colony of bacteria.
So the best method is to draw water from the aquarium and rinse the filter and its contents in that water.

Ideally, even the container in which it is washed should be used only for the needs of the aquarium, if you wash floors from it, then the chance that the chemistry will remain in the container is quite substantial.
And it is important not to wash everything to shine, just rinse well.

CLEANING OF THE GROUND IN THE AQUARIUM

A good filter will partially remove the waste from the aquarium, but still most of it will settle in the ground. Fish waste and food residues settle in the ground and rot and disturb the balance, stimulating the growth of algae.
In order to prevent stagnation and soil rotting, it is necessary to clean it using a special device - a soil siphon. Siphons may vary in size, shape and functionality, but the principle is the same.
Siphon for soil uses the principle of water flow.

The pressure of the water washes away the light parts from the ground, and the heavy parts settle back. The result is very useful - all the dirt goes with the flow of water, the ground is clean, the water is cleaner, the growth of algae is reduced.
Since the use of a siphon for soil requires a large amount of water, it is reasonable to carry out cleaning along with a partial substitution. That is, instead of simply draining a part of the water, you clean the soil and thereby achieve two goals at once.
For herbalists, the cleaning of the soil can only be carried out superficially, since not everywhere can it be reached. But they are much more harmful substances decomposed by the plants themselves, and silted soil contributes to good plant growth.

REPLACING WATER IN THE AQUARIUM

Despite the fact that some aquarists do not substitute water for years and say that they have everything ok, regular water changes are vital for an aquarium.
The amount of water that is worth changing varies from the conditions in your tank, but on average 10-20% per week is a normal amount for any tropical aquarium. Herbal plants or densely planted aquariums need a 10-15% change every two weeks.

The main task of the substitution is the removal of nitrates and ammonia, and the recovery of mineral balance. Without a water change, your aquarium will look good for a while, but only due to the fact that negative factors gradually accumulate.

For a long time, nitrates will accumulate, and the water becomes more and more acidic. But once the balance is broken and the aquarium will turn into a swamp.

WATER PREPARATION

In order to replace the water, it must first be prepared. Water from the tap contains chlorine, metals, and is different in temperature and cannot be immediately poured.

To get rid of chlorine, you can go two ways. Purchase a water conditioner that binds chlorine and metals and just defend it for two days.
In addition, the settled water will be compared with the temperature of your house and will be much more suitable for use.

Such simple ways to care for the aquarium will help you keep it clean and beautiful for a long time. Do not be lazy and your aquarium will be a pearl in your house.

AQUARIUMS AND EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT THEM.

INTERNAL FILTER FOR AQUARIUM AND EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT IT.

EXTERNAL FILTER FOR THE AQUARIUM AND EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT IT.

THERMAL REGULATOR FOR THE AQUARIUM AND EVERYTHING THAT YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT IT.

LAMPS FOR THE AQUARIUM AND EVERYTHING THAT YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT THEM.

CURBSTONE UNDER THE AQUARIUM AND EVERYTHING THAT IT IS NECESSARY TO KNOW ABOUT IT.

HOW TO PREPARE WATER FOR THE AQUARIUM - FULL DESCRIPTION.

How to wash the aquarium?

From the first minute when you had an aquarium, you became the owner of a mysterious glass house. And you just need to know how to properly and how often you need to wash the aquarium. And then, as a sign of gratitude for the love and care, its residents will thank you, attracting your gaze to themselves, charming and reassuring.

How to wash the aquarium before starting?

Before washing a new aquarium before starting it, it should stand for a few hours at room temperature so that the smell of silicone disappears. This also protects the glass during washing from cracking in the cold season. Then the aquarium is washed with warm water, you can use a small amount of baking soda. Pour only half of the desired amount of water. Set plants, interior, rocks. A day later, add the rest of the water for 3-5 cm from the edge. If the water does not run away, after a few days it is drained and poured a new one. The first one or two months to create a biological equilibrium water is not replaced, watching the fish, watching the leaves. Scissors remove leaves that have turned yellow or rotted. It must be remembered that shrub plants after transplantation can not be touched for six months.

Periodic cleaning of the aquarium

With the usual cleaning of the aquarium fish are not caught. Cleaning includes washing the turbines with running water, cleaning the glasses, and replacing 1/5 of the amount of water.

When restarting, they catch fish and drain it. Algae are washed with running water, rubbing leaves between fingers.

Clean the mucus and dirt from the filter using a toothbrush and cotton buds. The filter should work around the clock. Low flow - signal to clean the filter.

Glasses of an aquarium can be washed with a soda solution with a special scraper, than they are cleaned of plaque. Instead of soda using special tools that are sold in stores. And instead of a scraper nylon or sponge for washing kitchenware. Also washed the entire decor, stones and shells.

The soil, which sour from fish excrement and uneaten food, is siphoned off. Instead of a siphon, use a hose with a watering can at the end of the tube. The length of the hose is 30% more than the double height of the aquarium, and its diameter is 10 or 15 mm. That end of the hose that you need to press to the ground with a watering can, and through the other end of the hose to suck in water and send a stream of water in a bucket. So moving the funnel, clean the soil from dirt.

In the event of an infection, the soil is washed using a strainer in small portions. Add fresh water and boil for ½ hour. Before laying in the aquarium cool and washed again. It is recommended to clean the soil once every 2-3 weeks.

After cleaning the aquarium, pour some water, return the pebbles, shells, decor, plants. Fill up the water and run the fish. Replace 1/5 of the water in the aquarium is recommended once a week. In the aquarium, the volume of which is more than 200 liters, once every two weeks, and in small aquariums twice a week. Use only filtered or distilled water.

How to clean the bottom of the aquarium :: aquarium cleaning fish :: aquarium fish

How to clean the bottom of the aquarium

Many lovers of aquarium fish wonder why they even need to clean bottom at aquarium, because in natural waters nobody bottom it does not clean specially, plants grow well and fish swim merrily. The fact is that aquariums have a small volume compared to natural reservoirs, fish emit feces, and the remnants of the food that is not eaten by them fall on bottom и начинают загнивать, портя при этом воду и давая зеленый свет для развития болезнетворных микробов, которые могут губительно повлиять как на самих рыбок, так и на аквариумные растения.

The question "opened a pet shop. Business is not going. What to do?" - 2 answers

Instruction

1. Для очистки дна существуют специальные фильтры, однако, они неважно справляются со своими обязанностями. До сих пор самым лучшим и эффективным способом очистки дна aquarium является очистка через сифон. ABOUTbottom из таких приспособлений вы видите на картинке слева. Сифон состоит из гибкого ребристого шланга, с оbottomwhich side is a pear, and on the other hand a plastic expander with a bottom mesh at the end, so that during the cleaning process of the bottom aquarium in the siphon is not accidentally sucked some "gape" fish! Before cleaning bottomtake out carefully out aquarium large stones, as well as plants without roots, which pressed these stones to the bottom and did not allow them to float, then clean the wall with a special scraper aquarium. When the dirt, scraped from the walls, sinks to bottom, lower the siphon into the aquarium, not forgetting to put an empty bucket below the water level. Having pressed a pear several times, suck the water into the siphon. This creates a constant flow of water and now it remains only to drive a hose along the bottom aquarium and between the stones, draining all the dirt through the hose into the bucket. In this procedure, for better cleaning of the bottom, slightly move the soil pebbles with the end of the hose. When heavily contaminated, it is sometimes necessary to remove the siphon from aquarium, to clean the expander mesh, clogged with dirt.

2. If there is no special siphon for cleaning the aquarium bottom at hand, it can easily be replaced by a regular rubber hose. In this case, the water intake is done either with the help of an ordinary rubber pear, or, in the absence of such, the mouth is made in the mouth, much like motorists pour gasoline. However, in this case, it is necessary to do the suction very quickly, so as not to swallow inadvertently aquarium water. In addition, it is necessary to ensure that the fish, especially the smallest, do not suck in the bucket through the hose. This can not only scare the fish, but also injure them, especially those who are proud of their large and beautiful fins and tails! Especially often sucks slower fish, such as guppies.

3. And of course, every day after feeding the fish, remove the remnants of food that they have not eaten. Usually this is done by the simplest device, which is a glass tube with a rubber bulb at the end, extending along the length to the bottom. aquarium. If you use dry food for feeding fish, then remove their residues from aquarium as soon as the fish ate and moved away from the trough. Feed drops on bottomusually in aboutbottomm and the same place - under the aquarium feeder. Remove the feeder so that it does not bother you, lower the glass tube to the bottom, sucking the rest of the food with a pear. If you do not do it in time, then in an hour the aquarium water can become cloudy, as dry food is an excellent food for millions of bacteria that begin to multiply in geometric progress.

4. Clean the aquarium bottom thorough at least aboutbottomth times a month, while pouring no more than 30% of water. Merged water is replaced by fresh, separated and necessarily the same temperature as the main water in the aquarium. And remember that maintaining cleanliness in the aquarium is the key to the health of your pets!

Aquarium cleaning

How to clean the aquarium?

User deleted

1. 3 days before the start, infuse tap water (for bleaching powder to evaporate)
2. you need to catch fish with a net or net and place it in a jar.
3. Then take out the water, rinse them and put them in jars with fish (so that the fish in the bank will not die)
4. wash filter
5. Take out all large things from the aquarium (shells, stones, pink decorations)
if there is a feeder, it should also be washed thoroughly. now the sun's rays get hot in the aquarium and it "blooms" (that is, brown wood mold forms on the glass)
6.Color all the bulky water in the bath or sink
rinse the stones through a colander or a sieve. Old or dirty sand or stones can be thrown away, then you can buy new ones in the store and put them in the aquarium (but you need to rinse the store filler for the bottom)
7. As I rode on the walls of the aquarium there is dirt or "mold" it should be washed with soap (in the store all special tools are available for living organisms) with them it is also better to rinse, rinse the aquarium better with a hob or bar
8.Rinse the aquarium from the soap.
9.In a clean aquarium, place washed stones (soil or sand) with this large items.
10.If there is a shortening of water on the bottom, it is also necessary to fix.
11. Pour into the aquarium already clean water.
12. Place and turn on the compressor or filter.
13.If you poured into the jar where there is all this fish time:
a) -pure water, it is already worth pouring the whole bottle of water and fish into the aquarium
b) -dirty water from the aquarium, then it is necessary to substitute a net or sieve; pouring dirty water through a sieve or a net, it is necessary to put it in a separate bowl or sink.
14.If you have filtered and defended the water, you should not wait 24 hours to place fish there (to say that when a fish spends a long time in the bank it will go blind because the bank is round!
15. After washing the aquarium, feed the fish.
(sorry to upload pictures to the opera I can't ... (((

The Last Paladin

1. Fish - on the reservation, Plants - too.
2. To clean and wash the soil.
3. Sponge, scraper and NORMAL SOAP (not powders and liquids) wash the glass, filters and other fittings.
4. Rinse well with clean running water.
5. Cover the ground.
6. Plant the plants.
7. Pour over retained water, not immediately from the tap
8. 24 hours to stand empty.
9. Let the fish in.

An @ stasia Lifestyle D / s ... ®

what previous users suggest to you - this is called restarting ... it is done only as a last resort - infections in the aquarium, and even then some points are wrong ...
But if you still need to restart,
1) completely drain the water
2) take out and wash well the ground
3) clean and disinfect the aquarium
4) pour water
5) laying ground
6) uphold about a week or add water from an old normal aquarium and then uphold less
7) plant plants
8) you launch fish in a week (if the water is normal)
9) it will be better if water tests are carried out before planting fish
10) at first it is better to plant something like a gupei ... for a sample of water
Ordinary cleaning of the aquarium is much easier ... if the aquarium has all the necessary equipment ...
Remember - it is very harmful to change all the water ...
To clean the aquarium:
1. Remove the turbine from the aquarium and rinse it.
2. Take a scraper and clean all the walls
3. Drain 1/3 of the water and replace with settled water.
4. Re-install all removed equipment.
Fish from the aquarium during the cleaning are not caught ...
Good luck to you…

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