Properly feed the fish - moderately and not often
One of the first questions that people ask sellers of aquarium fish - and how to feed them correctly? You may think that this is a simple question, but far from it. Of course, if you do not want to bother yourself, you can just throw a few flakes into the aquarium, but if you want your fish to be healthy, play with all the colors of the rainbow and delight you, then we will tell you how to properly feed the aquarium fish.
How much to feed the fish?
I would say that the majority of aquarists feed their fish correctly, but too often they have to see how over-feeding turns the jar into a foul-smelling swamp or fish that is so overwhelmed that they forget how to swim.
And it is easy to understand why this is happening. There is no specific standard, and feeding fish may not be an easy task for a beginner. The fact is that with the fish, we most interact during feeding. And so want to feed them a little bit more.
And a novice aquarist feeds the fish, every time he sees that they are lonely asking for feed from the front glass. And most of the fish will ask for food even when they are about to burst (this applies especially to cichlids), and it is so hard to understand when it is already enough.
And yet - how often do you need and how many times to feed aquarium fish? Fish should be fed 1-2 times a day (for adult fish, fry and adolescents should be fed much more often), and with the amount of food that they eat in 2-3 minutes. Ideally, no food would get to the bottom (but do not forget to feed catfish separately). We will immediately agree that we are not talking about herbivores, for example, ancistrus or brocade catfish. These eat almost around the clock, scraping algae. And do not worry, it is not necessary to carefully monitor each time if they ate, just a couple of times a week look.
Why is it so important not to overfeed the fish? The fact is that overfeeding negatively affects the state of the aquarium. Food falls to the bottom, gets into the ground, rots and starts to spoil the water, while serving as a nutrient base for harmful algae.
At the same time in the water accumulate nitrates and ammonia, which poison the fish and plants.
Dirty, algae-covered aquariums with sick fish are often the result of overfeeding and dirty water.
What to feed?
So, how to feed, we figured out ... And what to feed aquarium fish?
All feed for aquarium fish can be divided into four groups - branded, frozen, live food and vegetable food.
If you want to keep a healthy fish with a beautiful color, it is better to feed all kinds of these feeds. Of course, some fish can eat only live food, others only vegetable. But for ordinary fish, the ideal diet consists of branded feeds, regular feeding with live feeds, and not regular plant foods.
Branded feed - provided that you buy real ones, and not fake, can be the basis of the diet for most fish. Modern branded food for fish, contain all the necessary substances, vitamins and minerals, so that the fish was healthy. To buy such food is no longer a problem, and the choice is huge.
Separately, I will note the so-called dry food - dried gammarus, cyclops and daphnia. Extremely bad feeding option for any fish. Does not contain nutrients, poorly digested, allergen for people.
But do not use dry food - dried daphnia, there are almost no nutrients in it, fish suffer from stomach diseases and grow poorly!
Branded food - flakes, granules, pellets
Live food - one of the best fish feeds that need to be fed fish regularly. It is not necessary to feed the same species all the time, alternate, because fish loves diversity. Of the most common live food - bloodworm, tubule, koretra. But it also has serious drawbacks - you can bring diseases, poison the fish with poor-quality food, and you can’t carry out the bloodworm too often, it doesn’t digest the fish well. The simplest disinfection of live food is freezing, which kills some of the nastiness in it.
Frozen feed - for some, live food can be unpleasant, and women do not welcome the swarming worms in the refrigerator ... Therefore, there is an excellent alternative - frozen live food for fish. I choose them for feeding, as they are easy to dose, they are easily stored, do not deteriorate, and contain all those substances that are alive. And often you can buy a mix of live food, which will contain several species - bloodworm, artemia and coretre together.
Vegetable feed - rarely find a fish that sometimes does not eat plants in nature. And for most types of fish, vegetable food is desirable. Of course, there are exceptions in every rule and predators will not eat grass. Be sure to read what kind of food prefers fish living in your aquarium.
Vegetable food can be bought as branded, in tablets or in the form of flakes, and added to the aquarium on their own. For example, antsistrusy eat zucchini, cucumbers and cabbage with pleasure.
If you follow these tips, you do not overfeed the fish, give it a nutritious diet full of nutrients, and as a result you will get a beautiful, healthy fish that will live for a long time. Feeding fish is the basis of their content, and you will not regret the time spent if you do everything right from the very beginning.
The secrets of aquarist: how often to feed the fish
The first, and perhaps the main question asked by novice aquarists - how and what to feed the fish. At the initial stage, this question raises great doubts. You can watch as the fish swim around the feeders gathering food, as much as you like, so beginners can overfeed pets, throwing handfuls of food to them all day. But do not forget that aquarium inhabitants can also overeat, which will have a bad effect on health and water.
At the beginning of the conversation it may seem that this question is easy and unambiguous, in fact, everything is much more complicated. If you want to become a real aquarist, and not the unfortunate host, who once a day throws flakes to their pets, you will have to thoroughly study the issue of feeding the aquarium inhabitants and find their individual approach to them. Proper feeding is a pledge of healthy fish that behave actively and beautifully shimmer with the best flowers.
How many times do you need to feed the fish
Practice shows that most fish lovers choose the right feeding tactics. But, sometimes you have to deal with neglected cases when the owners are addicted and overfeed the fish so that they suffer from excess weight and physically can not swim. At the same time, the excess feed begins to rot, forming a real green swamp with all the ensuing consequences. And this is not surprising. After all, there is no one universal algorithm for feeding all types of fish, so the question is how, what and how much to feed the fish becomes critical.
A beginner aquarist is misled by the fish themselves. They begin to swim at the trough and look lonely into the front glass, as if asking for some more food. However, it should be realized that most fish will continue to beg for food even in moments of overeating, such is their nature. This is especially true for cyclides.
The first and basic rule - limit feeding to 1-2 times per day. This rule applies to adult fish. Fry and teens are fed more frequently. The ideal is a portion that is eaten in the first 3-4 minutes. The norm is observed in the event that no food does not have time to touch the bottom. The exceptions are catfish and fish that feed from the bottom. For them, it is better to use a special feed. Of course, it is impossible to forbid catfish and other herbivores to eat plants and algae, but this is a natural process that will not make them worse. If you are afraid that the fish do not get enough food, then follow their condition for a week.
It is very important to observe the portions and not to overfeed pets. A well-running aquarium has its own microclimate, so excess food can cause imbalance. Remains of feed fall to the bottom and start the process of rotting, which spoils the aqua and causes the formation of harmful algae. In addition, ammonia and nitrates increase in water, which adversely affects all residents.
If you periodically suffer from dirty water, the presence of algae and fish diseases, think about how often you feed the fish and how much food you give them.
The main types of feed
If at intervals it became clear, then with what to give them, not really. Aquarists use four types of feed:
- Live food;
Ideal if you will combine all types of feed. In this case, your fish will be healthy and will give you an aesthetic pleasure playing its colors. It is not excluded that fish will eat only vegetable or only protein food, it all depends on the breed of aquarium inhabitants. In nature, someone chooses a vegetarian lifestyle, but someone does not mind to eat their own kind. But if you disassemble most of the fish, it is better to use a mix of several feeds. Purchased branded food can be used as the main food, regularly please fish with live food and sometimes give vegetable food.
If you decide to go under this scheme, then pay great attention to the choice of branded feed. It is better to give preference to well-known brands that have been on the market for more than one year and are tested by experienced aquarists. This food is suitable for almost all fish. It is balanced, it contains the necessary vitamins and trace elements. You can find it in any pet store. Do not confuse branded feed with dry. Food consisting of dried daphnia, cyclops or gammarus is not the best food for the daily diet of your fish. It is not desirable to feed with such food, because it is deficient in nutrients, it is poorly absorbed and, among other things, is an allergen for humans.
Food live food - the most preferred option. The fish should be given regularly as an additional feeding every other day. Like people, aquarium residents love a variety of foods, so try to alternate food as much as possible. The most common are the chimneyweed, bloodworm and coretil. The only, but very significant disadvantage is that this type of food is most often mined in its natural environment, which means that it is possible to bring the infection into your water body. It is best to freeze it before feeding fish. This method kills a number of harmful bacteria.
Featuring an alternative to live food - frozen. Agree, not everyone can be measured with the settlement in the fridge of live worms. For such there is an alternative - frozen worms. They are easy to dose, they are stored for a long time, contain a full set of vitamins. If you carefully study the pet stores, you can find miksovannyh species, where in one pack will be all three popular types of worms.
Vegetable food is an integral part of fish life in the natural environment. Most fish will have to try and cook green food. Of course, feeding predators with grass is stupid, but the rest will gladly enjoy the greenery suitable for them. It is difficult to give general recommendations, since different fish prefer different feeds. There are several options for plant foods:
To natural can be attributed cucumber, zucchini or cabbage. Such feeding will allow you to enjoy your clean aquarium with healthy and beautiful fish. With proper feeding, the lifespan of the fish increases.
How to feed aquarium fish?
Proper and rational nutrition of fish - a guarantee of health and longevity, not only adults, but also future offspring. Let's talk a little about nutrition, volume and feeding regimes. What feed is better to use, whether it is possible to give pets homemade or still better purchased.
It's no secret that nutrition is one of the most important components of life. From its quality, quantity and composition depends on how long and happy will be the life of an organism. Such arguments are valid for aquarium fish too. If you do not want your small water-loving pets to be stunted and constantly sick, you need to feed them with the right food that suits them. Also, do not forget about the balance of proteins, micro and macronutrients, fats and carbohydrates.
Food in vivo
In order to understand how to feed aquarium fish, you need to know what they eat in their natural habitat. As a rule, for different types of fish it is quite dissimilar products.
So what do fish eat? Consider this question in more detail.
Herbivores have a long digestive tract, which indicates the need for frequent feeding in small portions. The feeding of such fish in the natural environment, as a rule, consists of a variety of algae, plant particles, fruits and seeds.
Carnivorous species have, in turn, a pronounced large stomach, which means they must eat food in large quantities a small number of times. Under natural conditions, they usually feed on live or dead small animals, insects, birds, invertebrates, amphibians.
Omnivores. Even on the basis of their name, it becomes clear that such species prefer any acceptable food.
Which feed is better?
Each species requires a different food, so it is impossible to formulate a diet for all aquarium inhabitants at once. Only a specialist can help you with this. Of course, you can use homemade food in the diet of waterfowl, but you can not always take into account the full range of essential macro-and micronutrients. And the preparation of the feed itself requires a lot of time and taking into account all the technological nuances.
As a rule, fish kept in aquariums are fed mainly with dry food and insects, protozoa, sold in pet shops. It is advisable to add to this a small percentage of allowed for this type of natural products, such as fruits.
Live food is necessary for carnivorous and omnivorous fish, especially during the spawning period. To it can be attributed, for example, moth, pipemaker, daphnia, ciliates. Store such food in the freezer refrigerator. But the main thing is not to keep it for too long. There is a time for everything.
Fry raised on animal feed are more active in behavior and most resistant to diseases. The younger generation can be fed with yogurt. It contains the necessary bacteria and vitamins.
As a living food, you can use minced fish, poultry, liver, invertebrates, eggs. And from plant foods algae, vegetables, fruits, cereals are perfect.
Hunger for body benefits
Approximately 1 time a week, the fish need to organize a preventive hunger strike. This will help cleanse their intestines. Especially it is not necessary to burden the food of sick individuals, it will slow down the healing process. It is better to hold them for 2 days without food, do not worry, they will not die of hunger. In natural habitat, they are not able to eat for very long.
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Feeding regime, as a rule, directly depends on the age of the fish. Adults have enough 2 meals a day. This completely covers their needs. At the same time, the fry from 1 to 2 months are fed 4 times a day. Up to 1 month - every 3-4 hours, young fry - every 6 hours.
During spawning, fish-producers are cut back on food, not feeding the first couple of days, and after giving significantly less food than during normal times.
Feeding time should be no more than 5 minutes. This gap is enough to fish ate. After that, it is necessary to remove the remains, otherwise they will begin to rot and spoil the entire internal environment of the aquarium.
It is very important to remember that the size of food particles for different age groups is also different.
For very young fish, it should not exceed the size of the eye, otherwise the fry simply will not be able to eat it and will always remain hungry. Therefore, large dry food need to fray fingers in fine dust. You can buy ready-ground powdered fry food.
At the same time, adults are not enthusiastic about eating crumbs at all, so they need more impressive pieces.
To ensure that all residents of the aquarium will be satisfied, you can resort to using special feeders (for live and dry food). Such troughs are attached to the aquarium and they are already feeding there directly. So the food does not spread across the entire surface of the aquarium, and the fish can safely eat it.
Much has already been said about feeding rules. However, it is necessary to combine them into one section for the convenience of readers.
Basic feeding rules:
- feed the appropriate food for this type of fish;
- do not overfeed;
- give a variety of products;
- clean up the rest of the feed net;
- the number of feedings should be commensurate with age;
- do not feed at bedtime;
- The presence of natural food in the diet is required.
When starting any living creature at home, it is important to always remember that it is not only joy, but also a great responsibility. Without proper care, any living thing will not live long. Not an exception and fish.Therefore, watching your diet, do not forget about little friends. And then they will delight you with their beauty and playful mood for a very long time.
Video from professional aquarists about proper feeding of fish:
How to feed aquarium fish correctly?
Aquaria - a great hobby, suitable for both children and adults. Firstly, it allows you to raise your own self-esteem. Looking at a beautiful, well-kept aquarium, one can not but be proud of the fact that it was you who created such a masterpiece. Secondly, if you watch fish for five to ten minutes a day, this allows you to normalize pressure and reduce your pulse, that is, calm down wonderfully by refusing special medicines.
But, of course, to the inhabitants of the aquarium pleased you, you need to know exactly how to feed the fish. First of all it depends on what kind of fish you breed. After all, some people are happy to eat plant food, while others only live food. Some fish need a lot of protein, while others need a lot of carbohydrates. Therefore, the diet should be chosen individually for each breed.
However, there are general rules. Depending on the size of the fish, select the size of the feed.
If you use dry food, then for large fish (angelfish, goldfish, gourami) you should buy pellets - small fish food is simply not noticed, and it sinks to the bottom, poisoning water. But for guppies, swordtails, danios and neons, small food is better suited - large particles cannot be swallowed.
When feeding is very important to comply with the regime. It is best to feed the fish twice a day, and try to do it at the same time. You can even develop a conditioned reflex - lightly tap on the glass during feeding. Then after such clicks, the fish will immediately gather near the feeder and everyone will get about the same amount of food. Also, if you want to know how to properly feed aquarium fish, then do not forget about fasting days. Alas, most of the fish have little control over themselves while eating.
So, if you do not feed them one day a week, it will be beneficial - problems with obesity and liver diseases, which are especially common in sedentary fish living in small aquariums, will be excluded.
How, what and how much to feed Goldfish? description of the photo video.
Why is it important to feed a goldfish correctly?
Fish should be fed frequently, but feed in small quantities. For a golden fish to grow well, it needs a balanced diet. If you feed the fish incorrectly, it will not live long, besides, it will negatively affect its growth.
The feed should contain vitamins, carbohydrates, fiber, minerals and proteins. Best for their food fit special flakes. But the flakes should be alternated with other food, so that there is no monotony. If a golden fish eats properly, it will be vigorous and healthy.
What to feed goldfish
Good feed in balls is high in protein. Balls should be soaked in aquarium water for ten minutes before giving them to the fish. It must be remembered that the balls are not suitable for all goldfish: some begin to have problems with buoyancy. If this happens, immediately stop giving such food.
Feed the fish better with a well-defined interval. In this case, it is less likely that you will overfeed or, on the contrary, forget to feed them.
Flakes - the most suitable food for your fish. When buying flakes, pay attention to their protein content: the higher it is, the better. Prefer flakes, consisting of many components: its nutritional value is much higher.
Frozen animal and vegetable foods can be purchased at good pet stores. Freezing preserves the nutritional properties of food and kills pathogens. Defrost some feed and do not re-freeze again defrosted.
Your goldfish will gladly eat live food from time to time: earthworms, daphnia and Artemia. They serve as an excellent source of protein and are sold in good pet stores. Watching a fish hunt for prey is very interesting.
The goldfish owes its orange color to vitamin A obtained from food. if the fish turns pale, check if there is enough vitamin in its diet.
From time to time, give the fish fresh vegetables, such as carrots, peas and spinach. They should be slightly scalded (dunk in boiling water) to make it softer, but not boil. Peas need to be cleaned. Instead of vegetables, you can buy seaweed fish, for example, spirulina.
If you feed the fish, not only you, but also your friends and relatives, make sure they know when and how much food you can give.
The amount of feed for goldfish
It is better if one person is engaged in feeding the goldfish, but if there are several family members, they should know how much food you can give to the fish. Goldfish always feel hungry, but at the same time they eat only a few pieces of food at a time. This is because a greater amount of food is not digested, slags are obtained from it.
How often to feed the fish? It is better to do it 3 times a day. And at one time they give as much food as a fish can eat. Superfluous food in the aquarium should not be, because the water will become cloudy. The optimal amount of feed for a goldfish is one pinch between two fingers.
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Feeding the fish! How to feed aquarium fish dry food # Feeding fish
How many times a day do you need to feed the fish in an aquarium?
In aquariums novice fish lovers die more often from overfeeding than from lack of food. the most important: it is better to feed the fish than to feed them !! ! to meet all the needs of an adult fish, it is enough to eat 2-3% (maximum 5%) of its weight per day! Having eaten "a little extra" in nature, fish have the opportunity to "lose weight" through exercise. In an aquarium, however, their mobility is limited; they do not have to spend energy on rescuing from predators, searching for and obtaining food. It turns out that overfeeding quickly leads to obesity, metabolic disorders and the functioning of internal organs. Constantly overeating fish lose their ability to breed, more susceptible to disease. Rotting remnants of uneaten food can spoil water and cause illness or even fish death. To feed once a day in small portions, so that the fish eat all the food in about five minutes (and it is enough to feed adult gold fish every other day !!!). Once a week it is not bad to arrange a fasting day and not to feed the fish at all. Pisces, like other cold-blooded animals, do not need to constantly spend energy on heating their own body, so they are easier to withstand a hunger strike. Aquarium fish are much more likely to die from overfeeding than from lack of food. Most of them calmly endure even a two-week fast! food should be varied! Food types: dry food, flakes, granules, natural food (live, frozen, gelled). Well, once you have an aquarium, then buy some aquarist reference book. now almost all pet stores have all the necessary literature. with fish no less trouble than with other animals.
Better two times: in the morning and in the evening. Try to do it at the same time. They will get used and will gather at the trough. Feed a little so that the water does not lose transparency. And one day a week arrange the hungry. Do not feed the fish at all. Then they will pick up all the food left at the bottom of previous feedings, and clean the aquarium from the remnants. Good luck to you!!