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How to feed the fish in the aquarium

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How to feed aquarium fish

In order to understand how many times a day it is necessary to feed aquarium fish, it is necessary to understand the peculiarities of their nutrition in their natural habitat. All types of fish borrowed from their natural ancestors taste preferences and diet. What do all the fish usually eat?

Fish nutrition

  1. Herbivores - these fish have a long digestive system, which indicates the habit of often eating small portions. In their natural habitat, they eat algae, plants, fruits, and seeds.
  2. Carnivores - have a large stomach, so they eat a lot, but not as often as herbivores. In nature, these fish eat dead animals, small fish, insects, invertebrates, birds, amphibians.
  3. Omnivorous - the diet of these fish several times a day, they prefer both vegetable and protein foods.

See how to make vegetable food for aquarium fish.

According to the diet and diet, their aquarium fish need to be given such food that suits them. Typically, domestic fish fed live, frozen, dry, vegetable food, which is sold in stores. It is important that food be varied and rich in healthy vitamins and minerals.

Live food should be given to carnivorous and omnivorous fish. This is a bloodworm, a pipe worker, a daphnia, a coretera, an infusorium, a rotifer, a gammarus. They must be stored in the freezer, they quickly deteriorate. Fish fry need to be grown on live food, due to protein, they become resistant to diseases. Also, as a live feed, small fishes are served with veal, minced fish, chicken meat, liver, invertebrate meat, chicken eggs. Vegetable food is necessary for herbivorous and omnivorous fish - these can be vegetables, fruits, algae, plants, cereal porridge.

Once a week, the fish are satisfied with a fasting day, or a mini-hunger strike. It cleans the intestines, eliminates the effects of overeating, helps to heal sick fish. In the natural environment, fish can live without food for a long time, so a one-day hunger strike will not harm them.

About the regime of feeding in captivity

To feed the fish you need so that they do not overeat, and were full of food. Diet depends on the age of the pet and the characteristics of its digestive system. Adults usually eat 2 times a day, which is enough for them. Youngsters aged 1-2 months should eat 4 times a day. And fry up to one month old need to be fed every 3-6 hours. During the spawning period, the fish should be given less food, sometimes not feeding the first few days after breeding. Two weeks before spawning, producers, on the contrary, should correctly produce more live food.


No matter how many fish you keep, you need to give them all the food at the same time. Begin in the morning, an hour after turning on the lights. The last feeding should occur 2 hours before the lighting is turned off. The question of novice aquarists is how much food to give, and how often? Give us enough food so that they can eat it in 5 minutes. Do not feed often, but in small portions, so that they completely swallow them. Unfinished leftovers can be removed with a net to avoid rotting.

Feed pellets depend on the age and size of the fish. Juveniles should eat food that does not exceed the size of their eyes. Dry food in the form of granules, flakes and tablets is recommended to be ground to dust. Adult fish like to grab larger particles of food, they do not eat dust. In order for all the inhabitants of the household water body to be satisfied with feeding, install special feeders for dry and live food in the tank. Of these, food is not frayed, and pets can eat it calmly.

See how to properly feed dry fish aquarium fish.

How to feed fish

There are general feeding rules for all fish that need to be followed constantly:

  • Properly feed the fish with the food that is right for them, consider the physiological characteristics of all species living in the general aquarium.
  • Do not overfeed your pets - give food not too often, in small portions.
  • For aquarium fish, the best nutrition is a variety of foods.
  • No matter how much food you put in the tank, remove the remnants of it after the meal.
  • The number of meals should correspond to the size and age of the fish.
  • Do not feed the fish immediately after turning on the light, or before bedtime.
  • In the diet of aquarium fish should be natural food, and not just artificial, purchased.

What should get the fish from the feed received

How many times a week should a fish eat, and what portion of nutrients does it need to receive from food? It all depends on individual calculations. Carnivorous and omnivorous fish can be fed according to this scheme:

  • The first day of the week - dry food of the first type (chips or pellets) once a day.
  • The second - dry food of the second type, 1 time per day.
  • The third - live food (for example, artemia or bloodworms), 1 time per day.
  • The fourth - dry food of the first type, 2 times a day.
  • Fifth - dry or vegetable food, 2 times a day.
  • The sixth is live food (the pipe-worker, daphnia) and vegetable food.
  • The seventh - unloading diet.


Feeding in an aquarium can be made differently, and you can make your own scheme. Be sure to alternate between dry, live and vegetable food. If the fish is herbivorous, it should eat only vegetable and dry food (spirulina tablets). Do not forget about the vitamins that should receive a pet for a full life. If you buy food of famous brands, look at the composition, it indicates all the trace elements and vitamins that the fish will receive after eating.

  1. Vitamin A is needed for cell division, in particular in fry and young. Lack of this component can cause growth retardation, curvature of the spine and deformation of the fins, and constant stress.
  2. Vitamin E - plays an important role in the development of the reproductive system.
  3. Vitamin D3 is essential for the development and growth of the skeletal system.
  4. Vitamins of group B (thiamine - B1, riboflavin - B2, cyanocobalamin - B12) are necessary for the normalization of metabolic processes in the body.
  5. Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is involved in the formation of bone system and teeth, strengthens the immune system, improves metabolism.
  6. Vitamin H (biotin) - is required for proper cell formation.
  7. Vitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin, it is required for the synthesis of proteins, provides blood clotting.
  8. Vitamin M (B9, folic acid) - develops the immune system, the circulatory system. Improves scales color.
  9. Vitamin B4 (choline) - required for fish growth, synthesizes the amount of sugar in the blood.

How to feed aquarium fish?

Proper and rational nutrition of fish - a guarantee of health and longevity, not only adults, but also future offspring. Let's talk a little about nutrition, volume and feeding regimes. What feed is better to use, whether it is possible to give pets homemade or still better purchased.

It's no secret that nutrition is one of the most important components of life. From its quality, quantity and composition depends on how long and happy will be the life of an organism. Such arguments are valid for aquarium fish too. If you do not want your small water-loving pets to be stunted and constantly sick, you need to feed them with the right food that suits them. Also, do not forget about the balance of proteins, micro and macronutrients, fats and carbohydrates.

Food in vivo

In order to understand how to feed aquarium fish, you need to know what they eat in their natural habitat. As a rule, for different types of fish it is quite dissimilar products.

So what do fish eat? Consider this question in more detail.

Herbivores have a long digestive tract, which indicates the need for frequent feeding in small portions. The feeding of such fish in the natural environment, as a rule, consists of a variety of algae, plant particles, fruits and seeds.

Carnivorous species have, in turn, a pronounced large stomach, which means they must eat food in large quantities a small number of times. Under natural conditions, they usually feed on live or dead small animals, insects, birds, invertebrates, amphibians.

Omnivores. Even on the basis of their name, it becomes clear that such species prefer any acceptable food.

Which feed is better?

Each species requires a different food, so it is impossible to formulate a diet for all aquarium inhabitants at once. Only a specialist can help you with this. Of course, you can use homemade food in the diet of waterfowl, but you can not always take into account the full range of essential macro-and micronutrients. And the preparation of the feed itself requires a lot of time and taking into account all the technological nuances.

As a rule, fish kept in aquariums are fed mainly with dry food and insects, protozoa, sold in pet shops. It is advisable to add to this a small percentage of allowed for this type of natural products, such as fruits.

Live food is necessary for carnivorous and omnivorous fish, especially during the spawning period. To it can be attributed, for example, moth, pipemaker, daphnia, ciliates. Store such food in the freezer refrigerator. But the main thing is not to keep it for too long. There is a time for everything.

Fry raised on animal feed are more active in behavior and most resistant to diseases. The younger generation can be fed with yogurt. It contains the necessary bacteria and vitamins.

As a living food, you can use minced fish, poultry, liver, invertebrates, eggs. And from plant foods algae, vegetables, fruits, cereals are perfect.


Hunger for body benefits

Approximately 1 time a week, the fish need to organize a preventive hunger strike. This will help cleanse their intestines. Especially it is not necessary to burden the food of sick individuals, it will slow down the healing process. It is better to hold them for 2 days without food, do not worry, they will not die of hunger. In natural conditions, they are not able to eat for very long.

Other useful materials on AquariumGuide.ru:

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Why do you need aeration in the aquarium read here.

Feeding mode

The feeding regime, as a rule, directly depends on the age of the fish. Adults have enough 2 meals a day. This completely covers their needs. At the same time, the fry from 1 to 2 months are fed 4 times a day. Up to 1 month - every 3-4 hours, young fry - every 6 hours.

During spawning, fish-producers are cut back on food, not feeding the first couple of days, and after giving significantly less food than during normal times.

Feeding time should be no more than 5 minutes. This gap is enough to fish ate. After that, it is necessary to remove the remains, otherwise they will begin to rot and spoil the entire internal environment of the aquarium.

It is very important to remember that the size of food particles for different age groups is also different.

For very young fish, it should not exceed the size of the eye, otherwise the fry simply will not be able to eat it and will always remain hungry. Therefore, large dry food need to fray fingers in fine dust. You can buy ready-ground powdered fry food.

At the same time, adults are not enthusiastic about eating crumbs at all, so they need more impressive pieces.

To ensure that all residents of the aquarium will be satisfied, you can resort to using special feeders (for live and dry food). Such troughs are attached to the aquarium and they are already feeding there directly. So the food does not spread across the entire surface of the aquarium, and the fish can safely eat it.

Feeding rules

Much has already been said about feeding rules. However, it is necessary to combine them into one section for the convenience of readers.

Basic feeding rules:

  • feed the appropriate food for this type of fish;
  • do not overfeed;
  • give a variety of products;
  • clean up the rest of the feed net;
  • the number of feedings should be commensurate with age;
  • do not feed at bedtime;
  • The presence of natural food in the diet is required.

When starting any living creature at home, it is important to always remember that it is not only joy, but also a great responsibility. Without proper care, any living thing will not live long. Not an exception and fish. Therefore, watching your diet, do not forget about little friends. And then they will delight you with their beauty and playful mood for a very long time.

Video from professional aquarists about proper feeding of fish:

How to feed aquarium fish correctly?

Aquaria - a great hobby, suitable for both children and adults. Firstly, it allows you to raise your own self-esteem. Looking at a beautiful, well-kept aquarium, one can not but be proud of the fact that it was you who created such a masterpiece. Secondly, if you watch fish for five to ten minutes a day, this allows you to normalize pressure and reduce your pulse, that is, calm down wonderfully by refusing special medicines.

But, of course, to the inhabitants of the aquarium pleased you, you need to know exactly how to feed the fish. First of all it depends on what kind of fish you breed. After all, some people are happy to eat plant food, while others only live food. Some fish need a lot of protein, while others need a lot of carbohydrates. Therefore, the diet should be chosen individually for each breed.

However, there are general rules. Depending on the size of the fish, select the size of the feed.

If you use dry food, then for large fish (angelfish, goldfish, gourami) you should buy pellets - small fish food is simply not noticed, and it sinks to the bottom, poisoning water. But for guppies, swordtails, danios and neons, small food is better suited - large particles cannot be swallowed.

When feeding is very important to comply with the regime. It is best to feed the fish twice a day, and try to do it at the same time. You can even develop a conditioned reflex - lightly tap on the glass during feeding. Then after such clicks, the fish will immediately gather near the feeder and everyone will get about the same amount of food. Also, if you want to know how to properly feed aquarium fish, then do not forget about fasting days. Alas, most of the fish have little control over themselves while eating.

So, if you do not feed them one day a week, it will be beneficial - problems with obesity and liver diseases, which are especially common in sedentary fish living in small aquariums, will be excluded.

What and how many times a day to feed the goldfish

When you put up such wonderful pets like goldfish in your home aquarium, the question immediately arises: "How and what to feed these cute creatures?". In fact, feeding the fish in the aquarium is not difficult. First, it is an omnivorous species of fish, and secondly, when pets get used to the owner, they can be given food with their own hands.

Rules for feeding natural foods

Natural food is a food of natural origin (insect larvae, plankton, benthos, plants and algae, mollusks and crustaceans). All food submitted to the fish should be of small size so that it can be captured by mouth. Fry and juvenile fish should more often eat live and dry food to be able to grow beautiful and healthy. Before spawning, males and females are also given live food with protein, which serves as an additional stimulation to spawn.

Take a look at feeding goldfish with worms.

Adult goldfish love vegetable food more. Consider that it is better to feed young animals with daphnia, bloodworm, pipe worker, coretre, pieces of squid, dry sami. By the way, adult fish should also receive this food, but in smaller quantities. Food for adults is easy to cook with your own hands and at home. Take a kitchen grater, and rub cucumbers, zucchini, carrots, and pumpkin on a shallow surface. You can freeze it in the freezer, and defrost it later (only once!), And give it to pets.

Pet stores sell dried food with fiber, which is intended only for goldfish. This feed is very useful for digestion. They can also be fed with aquatic plants - duckweed, wolfia, and robeberry. They can be grown at home specifically as a feed for your pet. Or, plant these plants in an aquarium with goldfish, and if there is a shortage of food, they will feed on their juicy leaves. Ryaska need to feed the fish only once a day, so make sure that there is no overfeeding.


If you are going on vacation, and no one to leave the fish - then plants with soft leaves (including Lemna) will be an excellent food for starving pets. Gold fish will be enough for one week, they are unlikely to lose weight, but do not overdo it with a vacation. Consider the moment that they remember the owner, and the long absence of a person can also cause stress.

Now about the products from our fridge that are suitable for feeding. Cereals such as semolina, buckwheat, peas, millet are not alien to these fish. They must be salt free and boiled in water. All kinds of goldfish adore peas - peel them off, boil them, chop them in a blender and serve in small portions. It has a positive effect on the gastrointestinal tract. These types of dressings can be served if the home has run out of fish food, or for a more varied diet.Semolina must be washed, non-sticky texture, otherwise the fish will not be able to eat it.

As well as food for this fish fit spinach leaves, nettle, lettuce, dandelion, dill or parsley. Surprisingly, this pet is practically everything that people are used to, which is why it is so popular with novice aquarists! Do not forget that these fish - avid eaters are prone to overeating. Feed them 2 times a day, in small portions that they can master in 5 minutes. Give animal and live food once a day, and the rest of the time - vegetable food.

You can alternate types of feed, and make a menu: give several times a week live food (30% of the diet), and 70% - vegetable. After the meal, the fish leave behind a lot of waste in the form of feces. This means that the aquarium should be cleaned on time: the bottom siphon and water filtration. Once a week, update 25% of the water for fresh and clean, so that food remains do not decompose, polluting everything around.

See how goldfish eat a leaf of lettuce.

Branded fish food

In addition to natural food, goldfish can be fed and branded feed. Manufacturers offer a variety of supplements containing vitamins, minerals, fiber, larvae and other nutrients. Branded food helps to give the fish a brighter color scales, they are harmless in acceptable quantities. It is better to feed branded food 1-2 times a week, although some species are possible more often. All of them are presented in the form of chips, granules, sticks.

  1. Tetra Goldfish Gold Color is a premium feed for goldfish of all types and colors. Due to the content of carotenoids, spirulina and vitamins, helps the fish to become strong and healthy. It has a beneficial effect on the immune system, ensuring a long and happy life. Due to the special formula, this food is easily digested, and reduces the number of feces. Sold in granular form - one granule softens easily in water, so the pet can eat it quickly.

  2. Tetra Goldfish Holiday - Daphnia food. Suitable for all types of goldfish, especially if you are going on vacation. Leave the bag with additional feeding to the authorized person who can feed them fish. Due to the content of vitamins and trace elements, they will acquire a rich color scales and will be satisfied.

  3. Tetra Goldfish Energy - nourishing sticks that are easily dosed and do not spoil the quality of water. Due to the moderate fat content, they give the fish strength and energy. Strengthen the immune system, increase disease resistance. The sticks are easily digested, they can be given 1-2 times a week, without overfeeding the fish.

How many times a day do you need to feed the fish in an aquarium?

Janna Sadybaeva

In aquariums novice fish lovers die more often from overfeeding than from lack of food. the most important: it is better to feed the fish than to feed them !! ! to meet all the needs of an adult fish, it is enough to eat 2-3% (maximum 5%) of its weight per day! Having eaten "a little extra" in nature, fish have the opportunity to "lose weight" through exercise. In an aquarium, however, their mobility is limited; they do not have to spend energy on rescuing from predators, searching for and obtaining food. It turns out that overfeeding quickly leads to obesity, metabolic disorders and the functioning of internal organs. Constantly overeating fish lose their ability to breed, more susceptible to disease. Rotting remnants of uneaten food can spoil water and cause illness or even fish death. To feed once a day in small portions, so that the fish eat all the food in about five minutes (and it is enough to feed adult gold fish every other day !!!) Once a week it is not bad to arrange a fasting day and not to feed the fish at all. Pisces, like other cold-blooded animals, do not need to constantly spend energy on heating their own body, so they are easier to withstand a hunger strike. Aquarium fish are much more likely to die from overfeeding than from lack of food. Most of them calmly endure even a two-week fast! food should be varied! Food types: dry food, flakes, granules, natural food (live, frozen, gelled). Well, once you have an aquarium, then buy some aquarist reference book. now almost all pet stores have all the necessary literature. with fish no less trouble than with other animals.

Bar Kochba

Better two times: in the morning and in the evening. Try to do it at the same time. They will get used and will gather at the trough. Feed a little so that the water does not lose transparency. And one day a week arrange the hungry. Do not feed the fish at all. Then they will pick up all the food left at the bottom of previous feedings, and clean the aquarium from the remnants. Good luck to you!!

HOW TO CORRECTLY FEED AQUARIUM FISH

Video instructions on how to properly feed aquarium fish.

How to feed cockerel fish?

Vjacheslav goryainov

It is necessary to feed the males once a day, preferably with bloodworms, giving each one or two worms. Once every three days for the prevention of them is useful to give a medical feed.
You can keep cockerels in an aquarium of any capacity. Labyrinth apparatus allows the fish to feel great even with the lack of oxygen in the water. Usually, young males are quite mobile and keep swimming around the aquarium looking for food. But at this time, the males do not demonstrate all the beauty of their fins. Fish dissolves them only with irritation. For this, it is enough to plant a female in an aquarium. The same effect is achieved if the mirror is lowered into the water. The male, seeing his image, takes a threatening position and begins to lash out at him. Often, such experiments should be repeated on, as the fish are very tired.
The temperature of the water for keeping cockerels should be below 20 degrees, the optimum temperature of 22-24 degrees. To the hardness and acidity of water cockerel undemanding. Darker ground is more necessary for brighter coloring of cockerels than an increase in water temperature. Special attention should be paid to the lighting of the aquarium. Only with properly selected lighting can you appreciate the beauty of the color of these fish. They look most spectacular when illuminated by the viewer or in side illumination, worse - when illuminated from above and very bad - when an aquarium is installed by the window when you have to look at the fish against the light. With too much light, the fish discolor and become faded.
The aquarium with cockerels can be planted with any thermophilic plants. But when keeping a large number of cockerels, planting of small-leaved plants such as kabomba and myrofillum should be avoided, giving preference to large-leaved plants that are easier to wash.
For breeding males it is necessary to pick up a young couple at the age of four to eight months, and the male should be slightly larger than the female or at least of the same size. Males of various colors are perfectly crossed and give mixed offspring, among which there will be fishes in both the color of the female and the male, and in addition, the fishes of mixed colors with different shades and transitions. Spawning can occur at any time of the year. Before spawning, the male and female are seated in different aquariums. The water temperature in them should be 2 degrees higher than in the general aquarium. After jigging, the male and female should be fed with live food, preferably with bloodworms and a pipe worker, for one to two weeks. During this period it is also useful to give them an enkhitreya.
Spawning process continues for several hours. At the end of spawning, the male drives the female away from the nest, and she hides in plants. During this period, the female should be deposited. At the same time, a few drops of tripoflavin solution should be added to the water in order to protect the eggs from rotting.
The fry first hang on the plants and glasses of the aquarium, and then begin to swim in search of food. At this time, you should begin to give the fusions ciliates or dust. Food: should be given often, but in small portions, so that it immediately eats. After five to seven days, except for dust and ciliates, you can begin to give a microworm. After ten or twelve days, the fry begin to feed the Cyclops. Fry grow unevenly, therefore, exclude from the diet small food in the transition to a larger one should not be.

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