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How to defend the water for the aquarium

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How much and how to defend the water for the aquarium?

Why defend the water in the aquarium for fish, and how much benefit will this procedure bring? Such questions are often asked by novice home-water lovers and more experienced razvodchiki. In fact, settling is a necessary measure to prepare the aquarium for launch, because no matter how much you clean the scenery and glass of the tank, water is its main component, a living environment where both visible and microscopic creatures will live and develop. objects. Therefore, the process of settling involves the study of the rules for the preparation of different types of water.

How to prepare an aquarium with tap water

The easiest and cheapest way to stock up on water is to use tap water in the tank. It is available to almost everyone, suitable for any freshwater aquarium. For fish, it is not harmful if it is properly defended. If a quality water purifier from the tap is not installed in your home, you should not immediately pour the liquid that you have collected into the tank. Compounds of chlorine that are in the water need to be weathered for several days. Why do this? To protect the fish and plants from poisoning and premature death.

You can dial the water in glass jars directly from the tap, and leave it for 3-4 days, covered with gauze. All volatile compounds will evaporate and the liquid will become colorless and free from chemical compounds. It is necessary to check the collected water for smell and color. Chlorinated water smells sharp, has a milky white color.

See how to carefully pour the distilled water into the aquarium.

About water from other aquariums

Water from their other aquarium can be useful - it has a long-established microflora and biological balance. For fish it is a reliable source of trace elements that are beneficial in terms of recovery. However, without knowing the history of another aquarium, it would be correct to find out what freshwater fish lived in it, what it was sick with, and what quality its water was. You can ask this question from the owners of the reservoir, or conduct observations on their own. For the experiment you need only a few days, some free time, and, of course, old water.


Pour the liquid into a clean glass tank, let it stand in it for several days. Noticing cloudiness, precipitation - you know, it is not entirely safe. It is possible to pour a part of such water into an unprepared aquarium with plants. If their appearance has deteriorated - a sure sign that the fish should not live in a pond with such water. But the best way is to start a tank with new water on your own, or to seek help from trusted distributors.

Reverse osmosis and deionization

Settling of water with its subsequent preparation for the aquarium is possible using the method of reverse osmosis and deionization. These are two ways in which you can cleanse and defend a liquid. Each of these processes helps to remove impurities and any particles that may be in the water. Ionization neutralizes pH, eliminating various ions that could remain in the water. However, the resulting water is clean, but potentially dangerous - it does not preserve its biological properties, which is dangerous for fish. No matter how much she praised her crystal purity, she bears the risk because she changed the pH level, alkalinity and hardness.

Deionized water removes beneficial salts and trace elements that are needed for fish and plants. Such water is obtained as a result of deep purification by reverse osmosis, or ion exchange. In the process of pressure, water is passed through a semi-permeable shell from a more concentrated to a less concentrated solution. The shell skips the solution, but does not miss the components dissolved in it.

Sometimes this water is mixed with infused tap water, but you need to be careful.

Watch a video about the reverse osmosis system.

About softened water

Softened water is sometimes useful for fish that need to live in water with certain parameters. Softened water can be obtained for some time, if you defend it 4-5 days, and adding to it the impurities that change the parameters (peat, wood). Softeners need to buy in stores, do not need to mine them yourself. Settling water with the right ingredients will be beneficial for some fish.

What to do with bottled water?

How long should you defend bottled water for an aquarium? She does not require insisting. Bottled liquid, although it is credible, is not useful for fish, because its pH level does not match the standard, and it is free from many trace elements that can “revive” the reservoir. How much such water do not use - even in conjunction with an infused tap it is not very effective. Often, the parameters of such water are completely unknown. Often, vitamins, flavors, preservatives, and even colorants are added to it to maintain a crystal clear appearance. All this is destructive to the health of the fish.

Reservoir with defended rainwater

Rainwater is also used in a fish tank. Previously, such water was used in food, but nowadays it is not particularly useful (except for that which falls in ecologically clean regions). It contains impurities of toxic substances and parasites, therefore upholding and powerful filtration are necessary. Rainwater may contain substances that are not washed out of the air. Pollution from pipes, gutters, pipelines, roofs and other surfaces from which it has flowed into it.

For aquarium needs, rainwater is not always suitable - improper treatment of the fluid hurts the fish. How much time will it take to settle the rain? After drawing water into a clean glass container, install a powerful filter in it, after treating the liquid for several hours. After cleaning, leave the water for a few days in a cool place. However, the risk from such water is high - its application is possible only after laboratory research.

How to prepare water for an aquarium - a full description.

Why do you need to defend the water?

The main reason for this is harmful impurities that can harm the inhabitants of our aquarium. After settling, solids sometimes appear in the sediment. Initially clear water after a while can grow turbid.

Many aquarists leave the water for substitution to breathe for a few days, and so that all harmful suspensions evaporate for a week. This assumption is partly true, but it cannot guarantee the quality of the prepared water.

Before we do something, we always know why we need to do it. By keeping tap water outside the pipeline, we are trying to improve its performance so that it does not harm our fish. In other words, when defending water, we get rid of most of the malicious components.

Conditionally harmful substances in the water can be divided into:

  • solid (precipitates to the bottom);
  • gaseous (volatilized from water to the environment);
  • liquid (initially dissolved and remaining in water).

The process of settling can affect only solid and gaseous mixtures, and it does not affect liquid substances in any way.

What should be the temperature of the water in the aquarium?

Water temperature for the aquarium plays a crucial role. It depends on the health and ability of fish to breed. For each species of fish, a completely different water temperature is suitable. Conventionally, all the inhabitants of the aquarium can be divided into heat-loving and cold-loving.

By heat-loving include fish living in the water, the temperature of which is not below 18 degrees. Cold fishes are individuals that easily adapt to low temperatures. They can safely live in the aquarium, the temperature in which, will not exceed 14 degrees. The maintenance of cold-loving fish is possible only in large and spacious aquariums.

It is noteworthy that if the heat-loving fish are planted in cold water, then they practically stop swimming. This suggests that significant damage has been done to their health. Preparing water for the aquarium, you should use the tips for beginners, which can be found in the special literature. So, it is possible to choose the optimum temperature for water only after it becomes known exactly which species of fish will live in it.

The thing is that in the literature for each type of fish is given the permissible threshold of the highest and lowest temperatures at which the fish will feel comfortable. In accordance with these parameters, you can choose the future inhabitants of the aquarium so that they all feel comfortable in the same temperature conditions. This will avoid a huge number of problems associated with the maintenance and care of the fish.

How much to defend the water for the aquarium?

To finally get rid of all the harmful substances contained in the water, it must be defended for 1-2 weeks. For the backlog of water is better to use a large bucket or basin. Also, when buying a new aquarium, leave water in it and drain it at least once. At the same time, this way you can check if the aquarium is leaking. Some pet stores sell special products that neutralize chemical compounds in water. But experts recommend not to neglect the settling of water, even using these drugs.

Is there a need for water settling?

In order for the tap water to be normalized for replacement in an aquarium, it is necessary to remove from it all the harmful components - solid, gaseous and liquid.

Today, upholding is very rarely relevant. Solid components in the water supply system have isolated cases, chlorine water derivatives must be removed by air conditioning (chlorine gas is also removed), and liquid ones - only by special air conditioning. Polluted water settles for several hours, and with strong aeration much faster.

From all of the above, it is clear that it is best to use special additives for water. Settling water does not completely remove harmful substances, and in some cases it may even be harmful (a dusty film appears, stuffiness, etc.).

From personal experience:

  • I collect the necessary amount of water for the substitution;
  • add air conditioning according to the instructions;
  • perform aeration for 15 minutes;
  • I bring the temperature of fresh water (with air conditioning) into accord with the aquarium one;
  • I fill, and that's it.

The advantages of this method of water preparation: all harmful substances are removed, no need to wait until the water settles, the pots do not harm the interior of the room.

How to prepare the water?

Freshly tap water is not suitable for animal settlement. Reptiles, fish, amphibians and snails can adapt to it, but on condition that it infuses for several days.

Fresh, domestic water from the tap will destroy animals, because chlorine compounds are toxic to the sensitive organism of small creatures. On certain days, tap water contains different amounts of volatile substances, experts recommend turning on a shower and checking the steam and the presence of chlorine to check. If the smell is harsh, water should not be collected on this day.

Regardless of the season, weather and air temperature, domestic water will be different. Be observant if you want to settle the animals in clean water from impurities. Infused tap water is recommended for many pets and plants, it has an acceptable level of acidity: pH 7.0.

It forms an active reaction, creating an alkaline and acidic aqueous medium. The reaction is determined using litmus paper, which is sold in pet stores. Infusing water should not be in plastic containers; it is better to use glass jars with the lid open. The main thing is that in the prepared water, while it insists, do not get dust and insects.

You can use baking soda to raise the pH to the required level. Peat is recommended to lower the pH. Sometimes before the launch of a new aquarium in the water put samples of trees, reducing the acidity of water. The aquarium can be filled not only with tap water, but also distilled water, which is sold in pharmacies or in auto shops.

It is filled with small aquariums, but with an experienced razvodchiki warned that such water is poor in the mineral components necessary for animals. Rarely use a liquid from another aquarium, in which there is a stable biological equilibrium for normal life.

How to prepare water with permissible hardness?

Reduce stiffness by filtering and infusing. Sometimes, infused water (time - 2 days) from the tap add distilled, thawed or rain water. Plants such as roach and elodiea, reduce stiffness. There is another way - freezing. The collected water is frozen, and then thawed, defended and poured into the tank.

Increases the rigidity of the aquarium water by adding brine, pieces of chalk or limestone, coral chips to it. Coral crumb is recommended to boil (2 hours) to soften and prevent parasites. Only after all the procedures it is lowered into the tank.

It is better to run the fish in a day or two, until the water has acquired the necessary parameters. The temperature of the water in which the purchased fish, animals and plants lived should be identical to the aquarium. Again, use a thermometer, litmus paper to test. Do not neglect the recommendations that the life of pets was healthy and safe, because when kept in poor-quality aquatic environment, they may suffer.

What does water temperature affect?

Aquarium water that has a certain temperature can stimulate spawning. This applies to elevated water temperatures. However, this is not always useful for fish. So, the fish that spawn, you should not constantly keep in such conditions. Otherwise, to get offspring from them in the future will be simply impossible. Thus, when harvesting water for an aquarium, it is better to ensure that it is one degree below the norm.

Gaseous constituents of water

This type of substance evaporates through the surface of the water. Here one can consider the quantitative and qualitative compositions of dissolved gases in water. Gaseous substances in natural water enter into chemical reactions with other dissolved elements, due to diffusion they constantly circulate through the water mirror and are harmless and harmless to fish.

The method of water disinfection for your area can be found in the local water utility, this information will not be superfluous. At new water treatment plants, ozone and ultraviolet cleaning is applied, and such water can be added without fear (it is pointless to defend against oxygen and photons).

The outdated chlorine cleaning method is gradually becoming a thing of the past, but is still in use. Chlorine and its derivatives are poisons. They allow the destruction of both harmful bacteria and beneficial ones, as well as depending on the concentration of large animals and even humans.

Method of elimination of gaseous chlorine from water

Unpleasant smell of chlorine coming from freshly poured water, everyone knows. Water, being in a cup, ceases to smell after a while, and this means that chlorine molecules have evaporated.

If the fish are placed in newly recruited chlorinated water, they will die from body burns and gill petals.

Having made some observations on settling, it can be seen that chlorine evaporates quite quickly. It is not necessary to stand for water from the tap for more than a day, since the residual chlorine cannot affect the health of the fish.

The important point is the choice of dishes. The greater the area of ​​contact of water with the environment, the faster the gas exchange occurs, and chlorine disappears. From this it follows that when settling water in a large-diameter basin, it will become suitable for an aquarium much faster than using a plastic bottle.

It is impossible to cover the used dishes with a lid and even more so to twist the bottle, since there will be no place for volatilization of gas impurities, and the water which was chlorinated will remain so.

Ozone and its effect on fish

With ozone, things are somewhat different. It does not have a pronounced smell, although it carries freshness. Under natural conditions, we feel it during a thunderstorm, during the operation of air conditioners (ozonizing) and laser printers. Before water is supplied to the drinking pipeline, the process of its ozonization takes place, the ozone molecules are unstable and quickly pass into a stable compound - oxygen. Well, oxygen is not dangerous to fish.

What is pH and hardness?

pH is a pH indicator of the acidic environment. A pH of 7 is considered neutral because it is more favorable for most aquarium dwellers. In the case when it is less than 7, the water is alkaline. In order to easily determine the pH of water, it is necessary to purchase litmus papers with a color table, or specialized aquarium tests.

The second parameter of water is hardness. It is divided into temporary and permanent. Water hardness may also affect aquarium inhabitants.
In order to avoid unpleasant consequences, aquarium water should also be checked for permanent and temporary rigidity. It is measured in degrees and is calculated by adding the temporal and constant rigidity.

In the case when spawning of a certain type of fish is necessary, for example, such as neons, in which caviar can survive only in very soft water, water with low hardness content is used.However, for most avkarium fish species, water with a hardness content of less than 5 is not suitable for life and breeding. At the same time, too high water hardness, such as 25 degrees and above, is also destructive for most aquarium species. Of course, there are exceptions.

The norm, it is considered to be hardness from 5 to 25 degrees, which is favorable for the vast majority of different types of aquarium fish.

Aquarists who do not want to bother themselves with various dimensions can simply pick up certain types of fish that feel great in ordinary tap water.

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How to prepare water for an aquarium :: how to prepare an aquarium for fish :: Care and education

How to prepare water for the aquarium

Aquarium - transparent tank for the constant maintenance of fish. The water in the aquarium plays a huge role for the organisms and plants that live in it. Try to follow the purity of the water and adhere to the recommendations.

The question "HOW baby to retrain to go to the tray (she is 4 months)?" - 3 answers

You will need

  • Aquarium, water and attached instructions.

Instruction

1. Before planting in a new aquarium, plants and fish should be prepared not only waterbut the aquarium itself. The framed aquarium is thoroughly washed with warm water at room temperature with baking soda or laundry soap. Then it is filled with water at room temperature, depending on the putty for a period of two to three to ten days. After two or three days the procedure should be repeated. Water needs to be changed two or three times until the smell of paint disappears.

2. Organic glass aquariums are washed with warm water and salt or 5% solution of acetic or hydrochloric acid is added. After that, they are again washed with warm water.
When filling out a new aquarium It should be remembered that it is first filled with water to half, and after two or three days water is added so that the top edge remains 4-8 cm. Thereby pressure on the glass aquarium increases gradually, and they do not burst.
Filling a small aquarium with water, a wide plate, a hand, a piece of plywood, and a piece of cardboard should be put under the stream in order not to blur the ground.

3. A large aquarium is better to fill through the hose. At the same time, the water should fall on a deep plate placed on another plate, standing upside down on the ground.
Sometimes aquarists fill the tank with water immediately after planting, and not before it. In this case, when filling aquarium water will have to use a funnel with a reflective plate.
For aquarium need to find a coating (usually thick glass). It will protect it from dust, will not allow fish to jump out, will prevent too fast cooling and evaporation of water. If the air in the room is too dry, you can use the aquarium to humidify it. In this case, you can not cover the aquarium, but you need to lower the water level so that the fish can not jump out of it.
For air inflow into the aquarium and for rust protection of the steel frame, the coating is not placed on the walls aquarium, and on a small stand height of 5-15mm. It can be pieces of an eraser, strips of organic glass, clips of non-oxidizing metal. But the aquarium, which contains fish that can jump well or climb walls through the gap, should be tightly covered.

4. How to make an aquarium beautiful.
Interior design aquarium should be close to the natural habitat of the fish, as we usually create an aquarium in order to have a corner of nature in the apartment. Sometimes it is possible to see blocks of marble imitating a flooded city or divers, from whose helmets air bubbles strike, but all this can be allowed only to a child in the children's room.
An aquarium not for kids should look as simple as possible outside and bright, but naturally inside. It is desirable to hide all devices and technical devices. Generally, choosing jewelry for aquarium, you need to strive, above all, to recreate the natural picture, emphasizing only the beauty of the main inhabitants aquarium - fish and plants.

5. It looks good soil, located steps, and the sand creeping into the water can be fixed with stones or hidden behind them strips of glass.
Trays of flowers, set along the back wall, create a good background. They can be placed steps: in front of plant low plants, and behind them are high.
Another variant of multi-tiered planting is possible: low plants are planted in front, and large ones are behind and from the sides. For lovers of asymmetry, you can suggest to plant in front, almost at the front glass, some large plant, and in the middle or side to put a stone or snag, while throughout the aquarium, let plants of different sizes grow. When choosing, remember that different plants require different lighting. Plants with the same requirements can be grouped at different levels and equip terraces (steps), which are usually made of wood and stones. In the overall composition of your aquarium there should be one or more eye-catching bright spots. The rest of the decorative tools should not be evident, they are better placed in the background.
Sometimes the big picture aquarium It has only one element that attracts attention. It should be a bush of a lush plant, for example, Japanese sagittaries or cryptocorynes. It needs to be planted slightly away from the center. aquarium, so as not to create unpleasant symmetry for the eyes, as well as to make room for feeding. Then around the edges will look good plants with ribbon-like leaves, normal vallisneria or branching elodeya and peristolistnikom that, growing, will create a frame in the background. Several bushes, not cluttering the middle aquarium and foreground, it is possible to arrange isoethis, helix vallisneria, and marcilia; the ground must always have a slope with the deepest place in the free, unplanted part aquariumwhere the dirt will be collected. On the surface of the water is good to let Ritchie, salvinia and a few bushes water cabbage or frog.

6. If you have two or three around aquariumWhen planting plants, it is necessary to think not only about creating an underwater landscape in each of them, but also about the general impression made by the living area as a whole.
The underwater picture, of course, reaches its greatest charm only when the plants start to grow: leaves oriented in relation to light, processes that occupy the most brightly lit areas, give the aquarium landscape greater naturalness.

7. To recreate the river landscape, round stones are used, to imitate rocks, flat stones of irregular shape, fragments without sharp edges. AT aquariumx with fish digging in the ground, large stones serving as grounds for high terraces are placed directly on the bottom, they are sometimes glued with epoxy or cement.
Stones intended for aquariumshould not contain metals and calcium salts. It is best to use stones of basalt origin, as well as granite and some types of sandstone. If the chemical composition of the stone is suspicious, it can be treated with a solution of hydrochloric acid, like gravel.
The roots and branches of the trees look beautiful in the aquarium. For registration, you can use snags, which for a long time lay in running water or peat bogs. The best breeds are alder and willow. You can not put in the aquarium rotten tree, lain some time under a layer of silt. Fully unusable live wood. Roots or branches, even if they were in running water for a long time, should be boiled in a saturated solution of salt before being placed in an aquarium. Such processing disinfects the wood and compacts its structure - the boiled snags become dense, heavy and sink in water.
For tropical decoration aquarium You can use coconut shells, bamboo stalks and reeds.

8. In aquariumx For twilight, nocturnal or territorial fish species, cover should be made for each such fish. To do this, put on the ground snags (again, alder or willow); individual or folded in the form of caves, grottoes large stones; sanding, gravel, stones or driftwood trimming ceramic pipes or pots.

9. For the period of spawning in an aquarium it is necessary to create shelters or a substrate for caviar. These can be flower pots lying on their sides, coconut shells, pottery, cutting glass, synthetic tubes, fibers, tiles, etc. However, these items should not have sharp corners and emit harmful substances in water.
In the fry tag set, females of viviparous breeds of fish need to hang a piece of glass. It should hang obliquely on aluminum or galvanized steel wire so that its side edges are adjacent to the walls. aquarium, and the bottom had a gap of 3-4 mm, through which the fry would have the opportunity to fall down.
It is impossible often and the more completely to change water in aquarium. For most species of tropical fish water simply update, and this is done no more than once every seven to ten days.
For this rubber hose from the bottom aquarium suck debris and remnants of food, drain no more than 1/3, and preferably 1/5 of the total water volume, topping up water with the same characteristics as the water in the aquarium. Fresh water should be added in small portions, gradually.
In cold water aquariums when pouring water should not be heated. For warm-water aquariums, it is best to use water 1-2 degrees warmer than water. aquarium.
Partial change of water is carried out in violation of the oxygen regime (if the fish suffocate), while cleaning the bottom and glasses. But you should try to minimize even a partial change of water. When changing water or cleaning aquarium fish do not need to catch.
A complete change of water is a last resort and should be carried out in exceptional cases: in case of illness and death of fish, the appearance of parasitic microorganisms, etc. After a complete change of water, biological equilibrium must be established anew. And with a well-established stable regime, water may not change over the years.

note

Before you start a fish in the aquarium (or even buy them), find out how these fish get along with each other. And do not immediately run into the aquarium a lot of fish - they are too much upset the biological balance of the aquarium, as a result, they may die.

Helpful advice

Before placing the fish in tap water, let it stand at room temperature for at least two days, so that chlorine escapes from it. Water is defended in enameled, glass, clay, plastic dishes for food.

Water change in the aquarium, what kind of water is needed for the aquarium?


CHANGE OF WATER IN THE AQUARIUM! WHAT WATER IS NEEDED FOR THE AQUARIUM?
How much water should be defended for the aquarium?

(water preparation)

Let's talk about the questions asked in order:
In order for chlorine to evaporate and a 24-hour excess of dissolved oxygen will be enough to keep the tap water. The maximum water for the aquarium defend 14 days. This should be done in a bowl with a wide neck.

I note that in pet stores sold a large number of specials. preparations for adaptation of tap water (for example, AquaSafe from the Tetra series, etc.). In addition, these drugs have additional additives that improve the quality of aquarium water. I strongly recommend using them.

Frequently asked questions: About changing aquarium water, for example, is it possible to replace aquarium water (1/4 volume) with undisturbed tap water?

- You can do nothing terrible (one thing, but: it should be about the same temperature as in the aquarium, do not pour ice water from the tap). But still, if you are a caring owner or fish are expensive ... Do not be lazy to defend the water.

When changing aquarium water, always remember that old water is always better than fresh water. In many sources, they talk about the need to replace the weekly aquarium water to fresh. Personally, I disagree with that. Since the older the aquarium water, the better it is configured biological balance. I replace the aquarium water in my aquariums about once a month and I think that this is quite enough. For ten years aquarium management "complaints" from aquarium fish on this issue have been reported.

Making conclusions and summing up, I emphasize:

- Frequent change of aquarium water is not needed!

- The frequency of changing the aquarium water to fresh depends on the volume of your aquarium. The larger the aquarium, the less need to replace the aquarium water.

- The change of aquarium water can be carried out with non-settled water (up to 1/5 parts). But not desirable !!! )))

- The turbidity of the aquarium water after the replacement with fresh - direct evidence of a violation of the biological balance in the aquarium. (clouding will pass by itself, in 3-5 days).

- Answering the question what kind of water is needed for an aquarium and fish? I will say, the "old" is better than the "new". If the water is green, dirty or muddy - use aquarium coal and other specials. drugs. In addition, consider the specifics of your fish. For example, discus - very picky to the conditions of detention and require frequent replacement of the new "super quality water" and high temperature.

- When carrying out a complete change of aquarium water (restarting the aquarium), pour into the container and leave at least 1/3 of the old water. Exception, disease and quarantine aquarium!

- Changing the aquarium water should follow the "cleaning of the aquarium", and not vice versa.

I recommend also to read the article. AQUARIUM WATER from which you will learn about the qualitative components of aquarium water and methods for balancing them in the home.

Video about changing the water in the aquarium:
Aquarium for beginnersAquarium water temperature
Boiled thawed or distilled water for aquarium.
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How much water should be defended to run the fish? aquarium from scratch

Maxim ka

About 10 days. It's not about water, you can save it with air conditioning directly from chlorine and other impurities, but from bio-balance.
"The first day.
1. Install the aquarium on the stand, install the cover and turn on the aquarium lamps to ensure that they work. Lighting you need only a week, but in the work of electrical equipment you need to make sure in advance. In addition, you need the light for laying the ground and forming the design of the aquarium.
2. Wash the aquarium with soda or other non-toxic detergent. Do not use household chemicals for washing. If the aquarium is small, you can fill it, rinse without chemistry and drain the water.
3. Install equipment (usually a filter, compressor, heater) and check its operation.
4. Pour the soil. If an irregular tab is needed - do it on an empty aquarium - then it will be more difficult. If you have a heavy decor with sharp edges, it is advisable to put plexiglass or polystyrene on the bottom before backfilling.
5. Install the stones and snags.
6. Install and decorate the air compressor filters and tubes.
7. Install a thermometer.
8. Fill the aquarium with cold water. To prevent soil erosion, put a saucer on the bottom of the aquarium and pour water on it with a not too strong stream. If you use a hose to fill the water, the shower nozzle will not be superfluous. You can add special conditioners to improve water quality, but do not think that they will quickly prepare the water. Air conditioners will bind harmful substances and heavy metals, but they will not populate your aquarium with the necessary bacteria in the required quantity.
9. Turn on the filter, turn on the compressor and thermostat. Set the thermostat to the required temperature in the future.
10. Do not turn on the light!
11. Do not plant plants, mollusks and fish in any case!
Day two and three - monitor the operation of the equipment.
Fourth-seventh day - you can plant simple plants (rogolotnik, elodeya, etc.) and invertebrates. Fish can not be planted.
Light can be turned on for 3-5 hours per day. (If you have already planted plants, then you need)
In case of turbidity of water, do not take any action - the nitrogen cycle is being installed
Seven or ten days - we plant some first-mover fish (unpretentious live-bears, danios, and so on)
We expose the light in the normal mode (usually 10-12 hours a day)
Observe and control, feed the fish to a minimum.
10-15 days - we wait a little more in the same mode.
Day 15 - we land the remaining population, which was assumed, but not the whole bunch at once, but in parts.
We plant the remaining plants
Feed the fish in normal mode. This is where the initial launch process can be considered complete. It remains to learn to care for the aquarium and enjoy the contemplation of the hand-made world) "

How to prepare water for the aquarium

How many days do you need to defend the water for the aquarium?

Shantal '

It depends on what kind of aquarium you have. Or rather, its volume ... I pour everything straight from the tap ... into everything. I have a total volume of all 600l aquariums need to be changed once a week to 20% of the total volume and where then to defend the water? !!! There are air conditioners for the preparation of aquarium water ... removing chlorine and heavy metal.

Vasilisa

Since in our conditions it is almost impossible to find water with optimal characteristics, it is prepared by mixing waters of different hardness, boiling, demineralization, using plant extracts, chemicals and filtration.

Vlad Elbakyan

Well, water stopped to defend already 30 years ago, it is much easier to use special water conditioners. which instantly remove not only chlorine, but also bind various heavy metals and other harmful impurities. You drip some drops of such conditioner on a bucket and everything can be poured in a minute.
The most popular of the bottom are Sera aqutan and Tetra AquaSafe.
But there is no need to specially prepare water, mix, and so on :) This is required only in rare cases, for example, when breeding very rare and capricious fish. When you grow to such a level to breed rhodostomusy, then I will teach you how to properly prepare the water, but so far it is absolutely not necessary.

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