Gold fish

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Goldfish: content at home

Goldfish, which marked the beginning of aquarism as such, are now, unfortunately, out of fashion. Professionals consider it uninteresting and not worthy of attention, and only a few connoisseurs and experts of this type remain. Therefore, the lot of most cinchons is kindergarten or hospital aquariums with plastic plants or a short life in a beautiful glass given to a person for the holiday, far from fish problems. Let us treat this beauty with the respect and interest that she deserves, and see what is necessary for her for a long and happy life near us.

How demanding are goldfish to conditions?

Opinions on this score are opposite. Some believe that this is a patient, practically unkillable, fish that survives in any conditions, suitable for beginners and people who do not want to invest in the aquarium a lot of effort and money. Others, on the contrary, argue that the content of gold must comply with a number of fairly tough conditions, and they are no doubt right. A goldfish should not be started by someone who is not ready to make efforts for its comfortable existence. And the most important condition for the maintenance of these fish is an aquarium of a sufficiently large volume.

Volume and shape of the aquarium

In Soviet literature of the last century in aquariums it is indicated that one goldfish should have 1.5-2 dm3 of water surface, or 7-15 liters of aquarium volume (15 liters per fish is considered to be a small landing density). This data migrated and in some modern tutorials. However, it should be noted that Soviet books were written about goldfish of domestic breeding, which for many generations lived in aquariums, and as a result of breeding were adapted to such conditions. At the present time, the vast majority of goldfish comes to us from China, Malaysia and Singapore, where they are massively bred in ponds. Accordingly, they are not adapted to life in small volumes of water, and even to a sufficiently spacious aquarium they need to be adapted, and a volume of 15-20 liters means death for them within a few days.

Experts who today work with goldfish brought from Asia have empirically established:

The minimum volume of an aquarium for one individual should be about 80 liters; in a smaller volume, an adult fish will simply have nowhere to move. For a couple - 100 l.

In large aquariums (200-250 l), with good filtration and aeration, the density of planting can be slightly increased, so that the volume of water is 35-40 liters per individual. And this is the limit!

Here, opponents of half-empty aquariums usually object that in zoos, for example, goldfish are very densely packed in aquariums and at the same time they feel great. Yes, indeed, this is the specificity of the exhibition aquariums. However, one should keep in mind that behind the frame there are several powerful filters with which this monster is equipped, the most severe schedule of water changes (up to half the volume daily or twice a day), as well as the regular ichthyopathologist veterinarian for whom there is always work.

Regarding the shape of the aquarium, the classical rectangular or with a slight curvature of the front glass is preferred, the length should be approximately twice the height. In the old Soviet literature it was stated that water should not be poured above the level of 30-35 cm, but as practice shows, this is not critical. Goldfish live well in higher aquariums, if they have the appropriate width and length (tall and narrow aquariums - screens and cylinders - are not suitable for keeping gold).


What types of fish are compatible gold?

The answer to this question is unequivocal - the best option would be a specific aquarium where only goldfish live. Moreover, even short-bodied and long-bodied gold lodging is often not recommended together, but representatives of other species of fish are out of the question. Either the neighbors will harass the scones, damaging their eyes and fins, or the neighbors themselves will be uncomfortable, as the aquarium with goldfish is a very peculiar habitat. In addition, small goldfish can simply swallow.

Water parameters, design and equipment of the aquarium

Goldfish comfortable with the following indicators of water:

  • temperature 20-23 °, for short-body forms slightly higher, 24-25 °;
  • pH of about 7;
  • stiffness not lower than 8 °.

The soil in the aquarium should be chosen so that the fish, digging into it, do not choke - its particles should be without sharp, protruding edges and either larger or much smaller than a fish mouth.

In the aquarium with goldfish must certainly be living plants. Consuming nitrogen, they have a positive effect on the ecological balance, are an additional substrate for bacteria performing biofiltration, and also serve as vitamin supplements for fish. Goldfish mercilessly dig in and gnaw plants, but this should not be the reason for refusing to populate the aquarium with lively greens.

Lemongrass, Anubias, cryptocoryne, Alterner, Bacopa, sagittaria, Javanese moss get along well with gold. It is recommended to plant the plants in pots so that the digging does not damage their roots. And as a top dressing, specifically give the fish a duckweed, Riccia, wolf, and a hornpole.

Mandatory good round-the-clock aeration. At a minimum, an aerator on the filter should be turned on; it is better to additionally have a compressor. If the aquarium has a high density of living plants, a powerful light and the supply of carbon dioxide is organized (in such conditions the leaves of the plants should be covered with bubbles of oxygen emitted by them), then the aerator is turned on only for the night.

In the design of the aquarium should not use large objects of decor - snags, grottoes, etc. Goldfish do not need shelter, but the fins of the valehvostoy, telescope eyes, growths about them are easy to injure, besides, shelters occupy the space for swimming.

Filtration and water changes

It is generally recognized that goldfish are a large biological load on an aquarium. Simply put, they are dirty, producing a huge amount of waste. Their habit of constantly rummaging in the ground, raising the dregs, also does not add cleanliness to the aquarium. In addition, goldfish excrement has a mucous consistency, and this mucus pollutes the soil and contributes to its rotting. Accordingly, in order to keep the water clean and transparent, a good round-the-clock filtration system is required.

The filter power should be at least 3-4 volumes of the aquarium per hour. The best option would be a canister external filter. If you can not buy it, and the volume of the aquarium does not exceed 100-120 liters, you can get by the internal filter - always with multiple sections and a compartment for ceramic filler.

Porous ceramics is a substrate for bacteria, which process poisonous ammonia released by fish into nitrites and then into much less toxic nitrates. In addition, the substrates for these bacteria, a stable amount of which is vital for the well-being of the aquarium, are soil and aquatic plants, especially small-leaved ones. Therefore, it is desirable to have a lot of plants, and the soil fraction should not be made too large.

In order for the colonies to not collapse when cleaning the aquarium, some rules must be observed: the filter sponges are washed in the aquarium water (the sponges are washed quite often, about once a week), the siphon of the soil is also weekly, done carefully, without mixing it layers, ceramic fillers for biofilters are always partially changed.

Even with high-quality filtration in an aquarium with goldfish, it is necessary to do weekly from a quarter to a third of the volume of the aquarium, and more often if the density of fish landing is violated. Small fishes of this species tolerate fresh water, so there is no need to defend it for more than a day.

Feed

Now that we have dealt with the main, most difficult and costly content of goldfish, we can talk about how and what to feed them.

They are usually fed twice a day, giving the amount of food that fish are able to eat within 3-5 minutes. Dry flakes and granules are recommended to alternate with vegetable food - spinach leaves, lettuce, boiled vegetables and cereals, fruits (orange, kiwi). Sometimes you can feed pieces of meat or liver, as well as frozen motils. It is necessary to take into account that the pellets of dry food should be soaked for 20-30 seconds in aquarium water, and thawed frozen food before giving them to fish. Very useful regular feeding live daphnia, which you can grow at home. In addition, as mentioned above, it is always better to have special food plants in an aquarium. Once a week, fasting days are arranged.

Diseases

Diseases of goldfish are a subject for a separate article, but here we briefly consider only signs that may indicate that the fish are sick or have severe discomfort:

  • loss of appetite;
  • lowered dorsal fin;
  • bulging scales, red or black spots that quickly appear, ulcers, rashes, mucous or cotton-like plaque;
  • distended abdomen and bulging eyes stronger than usual;
  • unnatural behavior: the fish stays in the corner of the aquarium for a long time, lies at the bottom, rolling over on its side, or swims near the surface, swallowing air from it;
  • rolling over while swimming.

It should be noted that with proper maintenance of health problems in goldfish are quite rare. If you initially create good conditions for these animals (a spacious aquarium with live plants and powerful filtration), then care of them will be available to the beginner or even to the child, and for many years they will delight their owner with bright appearance and funny behavior.

What are goldfish, you can learn from the video:

Types of goldfish


TYPES OF GOLDEN FISHES

with photo, description and links

The variety of aquarium fish sometimes affects. And given the fact that one species of fish has its own varieties - the aquarium world becomes just gigantic.

Sometimes it is even difficult for an experienced aquarist to tell what kind of fish it is. Hopefully, the following selection of GOLDEN FISH SPECIES will help you figure out who is swimming in your tank.

Carassius auratus

Order, family: carp.

Comfortable water temperature: 18-23 ° C.

Ph: 5-20.

Aggressiveness: 5% are not aggressive, but they can bite each other.

Compatibility: with all peaceful and non aggressive fish.

DESCRIPTION:

Golden, or Chinese, crucian carp in nature lives in Korea, China and Japan.

The goldfish was bred in China more than 1,500 years ago, where it was bred in ponds and garden ponds on the estates of nobles and wealthy people. For the first time, a goldfish was imported to Russia in the middle of the 18th century. Currently, there are many varieties of goldfish.

The color of the body and fins is red-golden, the back is darker than the abdomen. Other types of color: pale pink, red, white, black, black and blue, yellow, dark bronze, fiery red. A goldfish has an elongated body, slightly compressed from the sides. Males can be distinguished from females only during the spawning period, when the female's belly is rounded, and the males on the pectoral fins and gills develop a white “rash”.

For the maintenance of goldfish, an aquarium with a capacity of at least 50 liters per specimen is best suited.. Short-bodied goldfish (voiletails, telescopes) require more water than long-bodied (simple goldfish, comet, shubunkin), with the same body length.

With an increase in the volume of the aquarium, the planting density can be slightly increased. In particular, in the volume of 100 l you can settle two goldfish (you can have three, but in this case it will be necessary to organize a powerful filtration and make frequent water changes). 3-4 individuals can be planted in 150 l, 5-6 in 200 l, 6-8 in 250 l, etc. This recommendation is relevant if we are talking about fish of at least 5-7 cm in size without taking into account the length of the tail fin.

A special feature of the goldfish is that it loves to rummage in the ground. As the soil is better to use coarse sand or pebbles, which are not so easily scattered fish. The aquarium itself should be spacious and species, with large-leaved plants. Therefore, in an aquarium with goldfish, it is better to plant plants with hard leaves and a good root system.

In the general aquarium, goldfish can be kept along with calm fish. The necessary conditions for the aquarium are natural light, filtration and aeration.

Water characteristics: temperature can vary from 18 to 30 ° C. The optimum should be considered in the spring-summer period 18 - 23 ° С, in the winter - 15 - 18 ° С. The fish tolerate a salinity of 12-15%. If you feel unwell fish in the water, you can add salt, 5-7 g / l. It is advisable to regularly replace part of the volume of water.

Goldfish are unpretentious regarding feed. They eat quite a lot and willingly, so remember that it is better to underfeed the fish than to overfeed them. The amount of food given daily should not exceed 3% of the weight of the fish. Adult fish are fed twice a day - early in the morning and in the evening.

Feed is given as much as they can eat in ten to twenty minutes, and the remnants of uneaten food should be removed. It is necessary to include both live, and vegetable food in their diet. Adult fish that receive proper nutrition can endure a week-long hunger strike without harm. It must be remembered that when fed with dry food, they should be given in small portions several times a day, because when they get into a wet environment, in the fish's esophagus, it swells up, increases significantly in size and can cause constipation and disruption of the normal functioning of the digestive organs of the fish, the consequence of which could be the death of the fish. To do this, you can first hold the dry food for some time (10 seconds - flakes, 20-30 seconds - granules) in water and only then give them to the fish. When using specialized feeds you can improve the color of the fish (yellow, orange and red).

Long-bodied goldfish durable, under good conditions, they can live up to 30 - 35 years, short ones - up to 15 years.

Types of goldfish

Heavenly eye or astrologer

The astrologer has a round, ovoid body. A feature of the fish are its telescopic eyes directed slightly forward and upward. Although this is considered a deviation from the ideal, these fish are very beautiful. Color stargazers orange-golden color. Fish reaches a length of 15 cm.
Read more about this Golden Fish here.
Astrologer or celestial eye: description, content, compatibility
Water eyes

This fish is the result of the inexorable and merciless selection of Chinese goldfish. The size of the fish is 15-20 cm. It has an ovoid body, the back is low, the profile of the head passes smoothly into the profile of the back. Coloring is different. The most common are silver, orange and brown colors.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Water eyesVualekhvost or Fantail

The veiltail has a short, high rounded egg-shaped body and large eyes. The head is big. The color of the veil tail is different - from a monotonous golden color to bright red or black.
Read more about this Golden Fish here.
Everything about Veilhvostah
Pearl

Pearl is one of the fish included in the so-called "Golden Fish" family. The fish is unusual and very beautiful. Bred it in China.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Pearl
Comet

The body of the comet is elongated with a long ribbon forked tail fin. The higher the grade of the fish specimen, the longer its tail fin. Comets are very similar to voilehvosta.

Read more about this Golden Fish here. Comet
Oranda

Oranda is one of the fish included in the so-called "Goldfish" family. The fish is unusual and very beautiful. Orana differs from other goldfish - with a growth-cap on its head. The body, like many "Goldfish" ovoid, swollen. In general, similar to the veiltail.

Read more about this Golden Fish here. Oranda
Ranchu

Another artificially derived form of "Golden Fish". Homeland - Japan. Literally Ranch translates as "cast in orchid." The fish is unusual and very beautiful.

Read more about this Golden Fish here.
Ranchu: description content compatibility Shubunkin

Another breeding form of "Golden Fish", derived in Japan. Suitable for maintenance in spacious aquariums, greenhouse and ornamental ponds. In Japanese pronunciation, its name sounds like sibunkin. In Europe, the first fish appeared after World War I, from which it was imported into Russia and the Slavic countries.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Shubunkin
Telescope

The telescope is one of the fish included in the so-called "Golden Fish" family. The fish is unusual and very beautiful. Received its name for large bulging eyes, which may have a spherical, cylindrical or conical shape. Fish size up to 12cm.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Telescope
Lionhead

The fish is unusual and very beautiful. The fish has a short rounded torso. The posterior profile of the back and the upper outer edge of the caudal fin form an acute angle. In the area of ​​the gill covers and the upper part of the head one can see volume growths that are formed in these fish at three months of age.

Подробно об этой Золотой Рыбке читаем здесь Львиноголовка
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Видео с видами Золотых рыбок

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Виды золотых рыбок

Золотая рыбка (лат. Carassius auratus) is a freshwater fish of the carp family, of the Beaver family, of the Karas family. For the first time, goldfish were domesticated more than 1500 years ago in China. They are direct descendants of gold crucians. Nowadays, many types of goldfish are popular pets that have many morphological characteristics.

Origin, General Characteristics

More than 1000 years ago, a goldfish was a dweller of ponds and small decorative ponds, later it began to be kept in small clay tanks, which became the prototypes of modern aquariums. In the XIV century, the Chinese ruler ordered to organize the production of special containers for the maintenance of "silver" crucian carp. The vessels were made of porcelain and ceramics, decorated with ornaments, and enjoyed great popularity among the nobility.


Although the cups were not transparent, and the goldfish could not watch the world through them, however, people began to pour sand onto the bottom of the cups and add plants to the container. In such a vessel usually contain one or more fish. In the modern aquarium, everything is different - the tanks are transparent, equipped with instruments and decorations, so all types of goldfish can feel as comfortable as possible.

These are the most popular fish for beginners, which are distinguished by endurance and unpretentiousness in the content. However, almost all goldfish are cool-loving, they prefer to live in water at a temperature not higher than 24-25 ° C. Some tanks require aeration of water, and, of course, mandatory filtration and siphon of the soil. Goldfish are untidy: they constantly dig up the ground, eat a lot of food, and leave behind a lot of excrement. At least one individual needs at least 50 liters of aquarium water. It is recommended to settle with non-aggressive, omnivorous fish that will not bite off the fins, and will be able to live in cool water.

See how to contain goldfish.

As aquarium decorations, you can use plants, shelters and snags. The entire decor is required to process, it should not be scratches, sharp corners. It is not recommended to install sinks, stone sculptures, snags with pointed branches in the tank. It is advisable to plant hard-leaved and soft-leaved plants that a goldfish can eat (duckweed, wolfia, richchia). Some goldfish are contained in almost empty reservoirs due to the high probability of injury (telescopes, tails).

All goldfish are omnivorous hydrobionts. In addition to plants, they eat live, frozen and branded feed. With pleasure they eat food "for people" - boiled cereals, lettuce, spinach, dandelion, nettle. From animal food they can be given a chimney, daphnia, artemia, bloodworm, cortex, sliced ​​meat of shrimp, earthworms. Goldfish are highly prone to overeating, so feed should be given metered - 2 times a day in small portions. Adults prefer plant food, and young animals prefer protein foods.

How to breed goldfish?

The goldfish becomes mature at the age of 1 year, but if you plan to cross breeds, it is better to wait until it reaches a more mature age (4-5 years). In the wild, Karasiki spawns in the middle of spring. The readiness for spawning is determined by external signs: in the area of ​​gill covers hillocks appear of a light shade, the pectoral fins are characterized by small notches. These features of appearance are peculiar to both males and females. The abdomen of females is rounded and increases in size.

The male begins to pursue the female, drives her into shallow water with dense vegetation. Therefore, simulating reproduction in the natural environment, the water level in the spawning tank is reduced to 15-20 cm. For a spawning aquarium, a capacity of 50-100 liters with aeration and good lighting is suitable. In spawning you need to put a separator grid so that manufacturers do not eat fallen eggs. Planting of dense vegetation is allowed. Spawning lasts 2-5 hours, after the process, the male and the female need to be deposited.

Look at the spawning goldfish.

In one year, goldfish can breed 2-3 times. Larvae of fry appear 2-6 days after fertilization, which depends on the temperature of the aquatic environment. The lighting speeds up the ripening process, and the shade stops. In the first days of life, the larvae are almost stationary, fixed on aquatic plants, and feed the contents of the yolk sac. After its exhaustion, the fry begin to swim independently in search of food.

Starter feed - Artemia nauplii, live dust, rotifers, special fry food. When the fry grow up, they need to be sorted by size, and settled in different tanks. Tellingly, the descendants of beautiful parents may turn out to be plain and vice versa.

Species diversity

For two thousand years of breeding production, goldfish became the real queen of aquariums, since various breeds were bred in Japan, China and other countries of the world. Nowadays, there are several dozen breeds that differ in external characteristics. They are full of different shapes, colors, variations of fins. There are two species of breeds that are distinguished by body symmetry: long-bodied goldfish and short-length goldfish.

The goldfish ordinary - practically does not differ from its ancestor. The color of the scales is golden, the body is elongated, the fins are golden, translucent.

Butterfly fish - aquarium fish of unusual appearance. The color of the body is metallic, the tail fin is forked, resembles butterfly wings. The eyeballs are large, so the butterflies are kept in tanks without decorations.

Fantails are popular aquarium fishes that do not differ in color from ordinary goldfish. The tail fin has two blades that are raised up. When a fish opens its tail, it resembles a lady's fan.

Vualekhvosty - have egg-shaped symmetry of the body, the color of the scales is white with colored patches, meet other variations of color. All fins are long, tail forked, stubby structure, divided into several parts.

Pearl, or tinsbrin - a breed of unique appearance: the body is short, has the shape of a bubble. All scales have the similarity of bloated, individually taken "pearls".

Lionhead - different swollen and short symmetry of the body, on the head there are growths that resemble the lion's mane.

Oranda - has a short, swollen body. The color of the scales is golden, the fins are thin, void-like. On the head, between the eyes are visible massive growths.

Ranchu - different body egg shape, body size is short. All fins are short, small growths can be seen on the head.

Ryukin - this breed is bred in Japan. The body is short, spherical, on the back there is a curvature in the form of a massive hump. The color of the scales is golden.

Telescopes - aquarium fish with large, bulging eyes. Color scales dark, fins long. It is recommended to keep in an aquarium without decorations and sharp corners.

Shubunkin - in the form of the body does not differ from an ordinary goldfish, but the body has a motley color, the scales are transparent.

Goldfish: compatibility with other fish

Very often, beautiful decorative goldfish are the very first pet beginner aquarists. But before you start them at home, you should definitely consider the compatibility of these beauties with other typical inhabitants of aquariums.

Effect of species behavior on compatibility

As with all other representatives of aquatic fauna, the behavior and compatibility of all ornamental crucians are closely related. As for the goldfish in particular, the debate about its compatibility has been going on for a long time, but theorists and practitioners of aquarists cannot make a definite conclusion.

Decorative goldfish are large enough (20-25 cm in length) individuals for pets, and, therefore, an aquarium for their successful life needs a large, with a capacity of 50 liters per individual. For a couple - 80-100 liters.

It would seem that such a space contributes to the combination of several species, but for this there are several serious obstacles.

  • First of all, "zolotushki" somewhat slow. Smaller, nimble fish will no doubt take their food away from them.
  • And, on the contrary, in the vicinity of the same large sluggish species, decorative crucians will pounce on food, trying to eat every last crumb. Neighbors are unlikely to get something.

Another feature of the behavior is the habit of rummaging in the ground in search of food. This happens very often, entailing the rise of silt and turbidity of water. Not every "neighbor" will like it.

Omnivorous goldfish. At home, they eat live, dry or frozen food, as well as vegetable food. If the neighbors in the aquarium are small fish, then gradually they will be eaten by "scoops" who are constantly in search of food.

Decorative carp has a bright appearance: large dorsal and ventral fins, luxurious tail. Experienced aquarists confirm: veil-shaped fins are very often the object of attack by aggressive "neighbors", even if they are smaller in size.

Thus, the desire to run other ornamental fish to gold often encounters a number of unsolvable problems.

Compatibility of goldfish with cichlids

Practice shows that such a neighborhood is impossible. And this is due to the natural aggressiveness of almost all tsikhlovyh.

Even if cichlids are herbivores of the same size as goldfish, then races around the aquarium are inevitable.

In some sources you can find information about the peaceful living in the general aquarium of goldfish and South American tsihlazom, however, clashes between them are inevitable. Especially if the fish are hungry.

As for the fairly common astronotus, he considers the "gold" exclusively as an additional dish for his lunch.

Compatible with labyrinth

Theoretically, such a neighborhood is possible. There may not be bloody battles with gourami or laliliusi, but these brisk fish simply will not allow the phlegmatic "little balls" to live in peace.

If we take into account the nature of the fish, then joint maintenance with calm Ktenopomes may be suitable. However, they lead a near-bottom lifestyle, and they clearly do not like the activity of bright decorative crucians, constantly digging up something at the bottom of the aquarium.

All these factors raise some doubts about the feasibility of such a neighborhood.

"Zolotushki" and haratsinovye

Unpretentious, peace-loving tetras and neons could get along peacefully with goldfish. In principle, this is what happens when golden fry are launched into the aquarium to these popular representatives of the family of the Haracin.

As a rule, peaceful coexistence ends when goldfish grow to their normal size and begin to consider small neons, rhodostomus or minors as an additive to the usual diet.

If the neighborhood is so necessary, then it is better to keep in the general aquarium larger tetras - congos or brilliant ones, which may well get along with bright decorative crucians.

Carp content

There is a positive experience of such content, but only with certain types of carp. The goldfish itself is a decorative species of the carp family, so the neighborhood is quite possible with almost all danios or small labo, for example. On the other hand, such distant relatives in the family, such as rasbora, "poles" can easily eat.

But from the thoughts on the joint living of the popular Sumatran barbs and the "gold" it is better to give up immediately: the aggressive "Sumatrans" will constantly attack them, biting their fins.

Aquarium cohabitation is allowed with large koi carp. However, this handsome self-sufficient, he does not need any neighborhood.

Goldfish and ornamental catfish

Experts say that in this case we can expect quite decent compatibility. Small aquarium catfish (tarakatums or corridors) do not consider “gold” as rivals, they are too calm and slow for this.

An exception can only be ancistrus or catfish-sucker, which hunts at night. Having stuck to a goldfish, this catfish can fairly beat it.

Some experts argue that the proximity to catfish will even be useful for the aquarium biotope, as the "bulls" leave behind a lot of garbage, which can quickly decompose, and the catfish are, by nature, bottom cleaners.

Compatibility of goldfish species

From the point of view of behavior and calmness in a water hostel, in this case there will be no problems. Comets, voilehwosts, shubunkins, wakins, telescopes and richens will live peacefully in a common company.

But here another problem arises: the state of the offspring. Individuals of different subspecies will begin to interbreed with each other and give hybrids. Thus, the breed will be spoiled, and the centuries-old efforts of Eastern breeders will go down the drain. If this process is not stopped, then a rather rapid transformation of goldfish back into ordinary carp will occur.

So, with whom it is better to combine elegant goldfish? There is only one answer, with which all experts agree: with no one. In a species aquarium, goldfish of the same breed will be calm, comfortable and safe.

COMPATIBILITY OF GOLDEN FISHES



COMPATIBILITY OF GOLDEN FISHES
WITH OTHER FISH SPECIES

Compatibility issue Goldfish (Carassius) on the one hand, it is rather simple, but on the other it is complicated, and this is due to a number of specific nuances that are characteristic of this particular family of aquarium fish.

I think this topic should start with the fact that ALL BREEDS OF GOLDEN FISHES were obtained as a result of millennial selection. Therefore, the Voilehvost, Orandy, Telescopes, Shubunkins and others are artificially bred breeds, which, in fact, were obtained from one ancestor - silver carp.

Therefore, if we talk about the intraspecific compatibility of Goldfish, that is, the possibility of sharing, for example, telescopes and koi carps in an aquarium or a pond, then this coexistence takes place - all types of Goldfish are absolutely compatible with each other. But, HERE THERE ARE ONE BUT! Since all the Scrofula are from the same tribe, they are in the same reservoir, they will interbreed with each other, resulting in "bastards" or if you want mutants - outbred hybrids. Taking into account the experiments, such a joint residence leads to degeneration and the transformation of the fish back into a crucian.

Therefore, if you plan to get offspring and breed Goldfish, then their species content in the general body of water - PROHIBITED!

Before the discussion, the specific compatibility of Goldfish with other fish. It should be noted that Goldfish are large, slow, slow-moving fish. And this specifics should definitely be fat. For example, if you keep the Veiltails in a small aquarium with others, whether they are the most peaceful fish, all the same, over time, the fish will die, since the lack of free space - standards of maintenance, will do its job and the fish will simply “gnaw”.

In addition, when discussing the compatibility of any species of fish, it should be borne in mind that a single fish taken has its own character. In this connection, even observing all aquarium compatibility rules, you can get a negative result. In order to maximize this factor, it is always recommended to plant different fish with young and at the same time, rather than gradually add new ones to old ones.

Now let's look at the compatibility of Goldfish with specific species of other fish.

Goldfish and Cichlids: Astronotus, Angelfish, Discus, Akara, Apistograms, Parrots, Tsikhlazymy: diamond, black-striped, Severum and other cichlids.

Such a union, alas, is not possible. All the fish of the cichlid family are aggressive and will not give life to the golden fish. Astronotus generally perceives Gold as a good live snack.

Therefore, to keep them together is strictly contraindicated, even with small cilida.

Somehow, I tried to combine veil eyelids with Goldfish, but alas, they had to be planted in the future. Despite the fact that the veil scalars are slow and somewhat similar to gold, all the same, after a couple of days, races began throughout the aquarium.

So, I recommend not experimenting - this is wasted time and money!

Goldfish and Tetras: neons, minors, ternistus, pulcher, lanterns, glass tetras, congo and other characteristic fish.

Here the situation is fundamentally opposite. All tetras are so peaceful fish that their union with Goldfish will be a wonderful variety of fish in your aquarium. One, but !!! When Goldfish grow up, they may burst into small tetras, therefore it is better to take “large” Kharacin fishes, for example, ternets or Congo, to Zolotuha.

Goldfish and Labyrinth: all gourami, lyalius, macrapods dr.

I do not even know what to say to you. On the one hand, they are compatible, but on the other hand they are not. This is due to the fact that the labyrinth, in particular gourami, very unpredictable fish and each individual gourami has its own character.

So that it is clear, I will give an example from my experience. Once upon a time, when I started my first aquarium of 35 liters and stuffed a bunch of fish there, including two marble gouramies, the latter were like mice, did not touch anyone and coexisted peacefully in the “little hostel”. But when one day I planted another blue gourae into a large aquarium, he made such a riot that it was bad even for small cichlid. I had to take her back to the pet store.

At the same time, lyalius - these are scared fish, I have no experience, but I think that it will be bad for them with Goldfish.

In view of the above, the coexistence of Gold with Labyrinths is a confusion, so this neighborhood is not recommended.

Goldfish and Aquarium Catfish, other bottom fish: corridors (speckled catfish), antsistrusy (catfish sucker), fighting, akantoftalmusy, green catfish brochis, tarakatumy and others.

In general, there is 100% compatibility. I draw your attention, only that not all somas are very peaceful. For example, Botsia Modest or Bai are somiers who can bite. Or, for example, ancistrus at night can easily stick to sleeping Goldfish, from which the latter will look like plucked hens.

Otherwise, everything is OK! Moreover, all aquarium catfish are good helpers in the fight with poop from Goldfish. Provide an aquarium bottom to the catfish and the frequency of the aquarium floor siphon will decrease.

Goldfish and carp: barbusses, danios and others.

It should always be remembered that Goldfish are slow and any neighborhood with nimble fish, and even more so those who can pluck them is not desirable. I do not see anything criminal in the joint content of danios and goldfish, but I do not recommend barbs. Sumatrans easily bite Golden.

Goldfish and pezillium, viviparous fishes: guppies, swordtails, mollies and others.

I read somewhere that guppies can attack and bite off Goldfish! But, something I can not believe in these stories. I can’t even imagine how this gopeshka will be able to covet on a big Golden Fish, unless they attack the crowd))).

I admit honestly, I don’t have any experience in keeping live beetles and Goldfish. And in general, it is somehow not solid to keep golden aksakals of the aquarium world and unpretentious live-bearers together.

And I also want to offer you such a topic as Compatibility of Goldfish and aquarium plants.

Who started up Goldfish knows that this issue is acute, as the Golden family well just loves plant food. To avoid the disgustingly plucked aquarium plants, I give my Golden twice-weekly grown duckweed from another aquarium. It is also possible to recommend to keep Goldfish with aquarium plants that will be too tough for Goldfish: Anubiases, microsoriums, cryptocorynes, as well as mosses.

For more on this, see this article - FISHING EATING PLANTS WHAT TO DO?

Summing up, it should be said that, nevertheless, Goldfish are fish intended for a specific aquarium that require special, special attention. Moreover, the cost of these fish is quite high, they are long-lived compared to other inhabitants of the aquarium and therefore it would be a shame to lose such a fish due to the fact that some five-kopek antsistrus did not let her sleep at night.

Aquarium fish compatibility video

How, what and how much to feed Goldfish?


FEEDING GOLDEN FISHES

AS? WHAT AND HOW MUCH?

Goldfish - extremely playful, cheerful and voracious creatures. They quickly get used to the person of their breadwinner, and as they approach the aquarium, they jump out of the water like piranhas with hungry eyes. This behavior of your waterfowl pets can be repeated 10 times a day, but this does not mean that the goldfish are hungry all this time. This is just a conditioned reflex. It is necessary to feed your pets 1-2 times a day with one pinch of dry food. This is quite enough for their normal growth and development. If you feed more often, the fish will behave very sluggish, in addition their life expectancy will be reduced.

Despite the fact that the process of feeding goldfish can bring you a lot of pleasure - do not abuse it. In fish, there is no sense of saturation. Do not forget about it. So do not overdo it. And your pets will long please your eyes and soothe raging thoughts.
And now from the lyrics, to the point!

Goldfish need a balanced diet. Their diet should include both live food - bloodworm, artemia, daphnia, rotifers and other food: dry and especially vegetable.

If we talk about proportions, then in my opinion for goldfish, this proportion looks like 40% live, dry and 60% vegetable food.

Live food, adore all the fish and gold is no exception. When keeping Zolotuh in an aquarium, it is better to use frozen live food, as they are safer than full-scale.

Dry feed - a universal remedy for feeding any fish. Manufacturers of aquarium feed took care of the usefulness of the diet. Therefore, if you wake up to feed goldfish only with such food, then this will be quite enough for their well-being. But if you want to feed your goldfish to be elite))). It is necessary to introduce vegetable feed and only natural.

How is this achieved ?! Yes, very simple. You need to breed Leopard or RicciaWell, it is very golden love this aquarium vegetation.

Here, please see how much duckweed grows in my week in an aquarium with scalars. All she goes to feed goldfish.
Economical and non-GMO!

As it is known, duckweed and riccia grow very quickly and do not require special conditions for maintenance. For a week you will grow it on a scale sufficient for goldfish to feed. It should be diluted in a separate aquarium and transferred to scrofula 2-a - 3 times a week. That's all you need.

It is necessary to distinguish the feeding of goldfish in the aquarium and in the pond.

For feeding goldfish in a pond, it is recommended to use meat chips mixed with bread, as well as cooked porridges: buckwheat, oatmeal, millet, etc. The pond must be with vegetation !!!

If anyone is interested in this question, I recommend you to talk with our user "Muri", she is a noble ruler of goldfish in the pond!

I feed my goldfish with the following formula:

Resurrection - live food, Monday - Wednesday is dry and substitutes, Thursday - duckweed, Friday - Saturday - dry and duckweed.

On such a feed my scrofulous - fat and fluffy !!! :)

WHAT FEEDS CAN BE ADVISED:

To date, only Tetra produces 13 types of feed for goldfish, which indicates the great popularity of these cute creatures.

Let us dwell on each of them:

Main feed, 9 species

Tetra Goldfish Pro

High quality balanced nutritional food for all types of goldfish.

Tetra Goldfish Pro has a high nutritional value due to low-temperature manufacturing technology.

The optimized ratio of proteins and fats provides better absorption of nutrients and guarantees an improved digestive process.

It has a low level of water pollution, as a result, a decrease in algae growth and water purity.

The new formula of universal chips:

- the yellow center contains krill to enhance the natural color and maintain muscle development;

- in the red rim contains nutritional elements;

- omega-3 fatty acids provide healthy growth;

- contains shrimp to improve the taste.

The patented formula BioActive - stimulates a healthy state of the immune system and provides a high life expectancy.

Intensive scientific research, carefully selected ingredients, advanced technologies and constant monitoring ensure consistently high quality.

Tetra goldfish

Nutritious flakes are suitable for all types of goldfish.

Contain all the necessary nutrients and trace elements

improves health, vitality and color richness.

The patented formula BioActive - stimulates a healthy state of the immune system and provides a high life expectancy.

A formula Clean & Clear Water - improves the digestibility of feed and reduces the amount of fish excrement, which allows you to keep the water clean and clear.

Feeding fish is very convenient thanks to a special cap for accurate dosage.

Tetra Goldfish Color

Balanced feed suitable for all types of goldfish - to improve color.

Offers a varied diet, achieved through an optimally selected composition of flakes with a high content of natural color enhancers, which allow you to show all the beauty of your fish.

This type of food contains all the necessary nutrients and trace elements that help improve health and vitality.

The patented formula BioActive - stimulates a healthy state of the immune system and provides a high life expectancy.

A formula Clean & Clear Water - improves the digestibility of feed and reduces the amount of fish excrement, which allows you to keep the water clean and clear.

Tetra Goldfish Energy

Nutritious sticks for all types of goldfish.

These floating rods will not only improve the health of the fish, but also increase the resistance to diseases.

Ensure the consumption of the optimal amount of fat, which is easily absorbed by the body and serves as a reserve source of energy.

Easy to digest.

Tetra Goldfish Color Sticks

Crumb, developed on the basis of the new BioActive formula for all types of goldfish.

Floating small granules with a high content of algae (spirulina) provide a wealth of natural coloring of fish and increase the body's resistance to disease.

Excellent assimilated by a full-fledged plant composition.

TetraGoldfishGranules

Floating pellets for all types of gold fish.

Granules are fully eaten with fish and provide good nutrition.

The patented formula BioActive - stimulates a healthy state of the immune system and provides a high life expectancy.

TetraGoldfishMenu

Balanced feed for all goldfish.

The package contains 4 different feeds in one can: chips with high nutritional value; granules for good coloring; flakes for biologically balanced nutrition; daphnia as a treat for

varied nutrition.

Easy to dose.

Tetra Goldfish Weekend

Compact sticks for all types of goldfish.

Food sticks are easy to dose and they last for 9 days!

High content of vital minerals and proteins and

unique production process - allows you to get a hard food that does not contain difficult-to-absorb binders and does not degrade the water quality indicators.

Tetra goldfish holiday

Vacation feed for all types of goldfish.

Healthy food for 14 days.

Patented formula contains Daphnia, essential vitamins, trace elements and minerals.

Do not muddy water, easy to dose.

Special premium feed, 4 species

Tetra Goldfish Gold Exotic

Premium food for all types of goldfish with high quality protein, supports growth and contributes to the health of fish.

The patented formula BioActive - stimulates a healthy state of the immune system and provides a high life expectancy.

A formula Clean & Clear Water - improves the digestibility of feed and reduces the amount of fish excrement, which allows you to keep the water clean and clear.

It has excellent digestibility, both at high and at low temperatures.

Ideal high-quality food capable of maintaining the perfect shape of your fish.

Granules soften quickly, so the fish can easily eat them.

TetraGoldfishGoldGrowth

Premium food for all types of goldfish with high quality protein, supports growth and contributes to the health of fish.

Essential nutrients and special ingredients ensure good digestibility.

The patented formula BioActive - stimulates a healthy state of the immune system and provides a high life expectancy.

A formula Clean & Clear Water - improves the digestibility of feed and reduces the amount of fish excrement, which allows you to keep the water clean and clear.

Ideal high-quality food capable of maintaining the perfect shape of your fish.

Granules soften quickly, so the fish can easily eat them.

Tetra Goldfish Gold Color

Premium food for all types of goldfish, containing carotenoids, spirulina algae and other color enhancers, allowing you to take care of the beautiful appearance of the fish.

The patented formula BioActive - stimulates a healthy state of the immune system and provides a high life expectancy.

A formula Clean & Clear Water - improves the digestibility of feed and reduces the amount of fish excrement, which allows you to keep the water clean and clear.

Ideal high-quality food capable of maintaining the perfect shape of your fish.

Granules soften quickly, so the fish can easily eat them.

TetraGoldfishGoldJapan

Premium feed pellets for all breeding goldfish.

Granulated feed quickly softens in the water and provides a complete and varied diet of fish.

It takes care of balanced nutrition of all types of Japanese goldfish: Oranda, Lionheads, Lelescopes, Riukins, Vualehvostov, etc.

Small in the form of a stick can easily fall to the bottom, which makes it easy for Japanese goldfish to look for food at the bottom to please the habit.

The food is rich in plant proteins that provide optimal digestion and carotenoids that enhance the natural color of fish.

* REMEMBER: undernourishment of fish - it is always better than overfeeding! Especially this rule applies to goldfish. Otherwise, the aquarium will be dirty, and the fish will be sluggish and suffer from inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract.

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