How to install a filter in the aquarium
The technology of proper installation of the water filter is always of interest to novice aquarists. And this is natural, since very much depends on this device, including the physical condition of the "residents" of the artificial home pond.
Types of filters by the way they are installed
There are 3 main types of aquarium water purifiers: external, internal and bottom. Accordingly, the installation of each such device depends on its belonging to one or another type.
So, external filters - they are also called canister filters - are installed outside the aquarium, and the suction and discharge hoses are lowered inside the tank (or mounted through special adapters and openings). The principle of installation of the bottom cleaner is already clear from the very name: it is placed directly on the prepared bottom of the “can”. It should be noted that these 2 types of devices are used, as a rule, in large-capacity aquariums.
Most often, beginners prefer to clean the habitat of their pets with the help of small filters located inside the aquarium. Such devices in everyday life is also called "glasses". These devices most often can be seen in small artificial home and office reservoirs.
How to mount an internal filter
So, in the specialized shop with the help of a consultant, the necessary internal water purifier was selected. Before this, you should carefully check its completeness and read the tips on installing and running into work.
First, the device must be assembled according to the recommendations set forth in the instructions for use. Can't wait to check it at work?
You should not hurry, because the filter must first be properly fixed in an aquarium filled with water. And, beginners, as a rule, have some questions. How deep should the glass be dipped? What is plastic flexible transparent tube for?
The vast majority of internal water purifiers are attached to the wall of the aquarium in a vacuum way using special suction cups. These suction cups are included. Prerequisite: the filter must be completely submerged in water, the height of the water level above the top of the device must be from 2 to 5 cm.
A transparent flexible tube serves to supply air to the device and is attached to its “nose”. The other end of the tube should be outside the aquarium, outdoors.
It would seem that you can already run the "glass" in the work. However, experts recommend making the first inclusion, removing all living creatures from the aquarium. You never know what! What if the device has a manufacturing defect? It is better not to risk and move all the fish for a short time in a small sump. If the first inclusion showed the normal operation of the technical device, pets can immediately run into their water house.
After the first power up, it is recommended to set the power regulator, which is available on each filter, to the middle position. It takes some time to observe the condition of your pets and then empirically determine the optimum power of the filtering device.
Features of the external filter installation
External aquarium filter, which is often called the "canister", is usually installed in the cabinet under the aquarium, far below the level of the aquarium water. After preparation for work according to the instructions, the releasing and retracting hoses, which are attached to the device, are lowered into the “can”. Inclusion is in progress.
Everything is very simple, but it seems so only at first glance. If we consider only the aesthetic factor, then this method of installation is absolutely correct. Many owners of ornamental fish attach hoses through specially prepared holes in the bottom of the aquarium.
However, you need to look at the problem from the other side.
Depending on the "canister" model, its pump can lift water up to 3 meters high. And this, in turn, promises high power consumption and increased energy costs. That is why many aquarists set their "cans" either behind or at the side of the aquarium at a height approximately equal to the middle of the water level. There is no need to talk about aesthetics here, but the energy savings are quite significant.
Installation of the bottom filter
Already from the name of this cleaner it is clear that it is installed on the bottom of a water house for fish. But the choice of this type of filter is resorted to only when there is very little or no decorative bottom aquatic vegetation in the aquarium.
Such a device is a relatively thin plate with an internal filter material and a multitude of holes through which water flows. Some believe that such a plate with tubes attached to it can be simply put on the ground and that will be enough. This is a misconception - the bottom cleaner should be installed, not just put.
First, remove the soil from the bottom of the aquarium (or from a separate section) and put a plastic frame that will raise the false bottom by 2-3 mm. Only then can the technical device be closed with a primer, and then put it into operation.
Not only the purity and high-quality chemical and biological composition of water, but also the degree of air saturation depend on the proper installation of any aquarium filter. In addition, it determines the reliability of the device itself. In any case: before the water purifier is put into operation, you need to carefully read the instructions attached to it and strictly follow the rules specified in it.
How to install the internal filter in the aquarium, see the video:
Installing the internal filter in the aquarium
In order for the filter to work properly and the water in the aquarium was not muddy, with particular attention, approach the question of choosing a filter. It is important that it fits exactly your tank, and its quality was first class. In this case, you should rely on well-known manufacturers, which will ensure the absence of problems in the future.
If choosing a cleaning system is difficult, seek advice from retailers or professionals. They will share their experiences, talk about the proper care of the fish and their "living space." Thus, your purchase will be doomed to good luck.
After purchasing the device, be sure to pay attention to its instructions. Installation of the internal filter in the aquarium is made on the basis of these instructions. It is important that the cleaning system is filled with water at the time of immersion. Do not forget to temporarily overpower the fish, because they can interfere with the installation process. In addition, residents face a burn: the body temperature of the fish is much lower than the human temperature.
So, immerse the filter in the water column to a depth of 15-20 millimeters. It is necessary that the device is completely in water. After determining the location, attach the filter to the wall of the aquarium. As a rule, it is equipped with special velcro, thanks to which the installation process is greatly simplified. You can lock the device to the desired position, where it will remain for a long time.
Do not forget that the filter is equipped with a special tube to which the hose is attached. The tube should be outside the aquarium; it is she who plays a crucial role in water purification. Through this element comes out "used" water, which enters the mini-hose through a sponge at the end of the filter.
One of the steps in the operation "how to install a filter in the aquarium" is to turn on the device in the outlet. When testing the device, do not forget the safety regulations. Wires must be complete, and the shell on them - intact. In order to test the operation of the internal filter, place your palm over the top opening of the device. If you feel like water is being pushed out of there, then the filter is working properly. Observe the cleansing process for a few minutes; malfunctions are often identified immediately.
After the operations, you can return the fish in their "water kingdom." Do not forget to mention whether it is comfortable for pets in the aquarium where the cleaning device works. It is important that the filter does not have a negative impact on the residents.
Installing an external filter in the aquarium
The question of installing an internal filter in an aquarium is puzzling all novice aquarists. It seems to be all very clear, but how to do everything right so that in no case nothing happens. Is it necessary to immerse the filter completely in water or not? Why this transparent tube? And after all, what is the most interesting instruction to filters is not always clear and detailed.
The internal filter is called because it is located directly inside the aquarium itself. The external filter is bulky and located outside the aquarium. Installing an external filter in the aquarium is not too complicated process.
The internal filter is located in the water so that there is still 3 cm of water above its level. Such a device is attached to the wall of the aquarium with the help of suction cups, which are included in the filter kit. Also, a small hose is attached to the kit, it is necessary for supplying air, therefore, its 1 end is attached to the hole on the filter nose, and the second comes out, it is possible to fix it on the upper edge of the aquarium wall using a special fastening. The main thing is that the air intake was made above the level of the aquarium water.
As a rule, on the nose of the internal filter, and some at the tip of the air hose has a regulator for air supply, which you can initially put in the middle position. During further operation, it will need to be adjusted as needed. Some of the aquarium fish love a fairly strong current, which is created by the filter, and some even can not stand it.
After the filter is installed and all its details are attached, you can connect it to the network. Further, all manipulations in the aquarium will need to be carried out only while the filter is turned off, since the device is not insured against damage, and this can lead to electric shock.
When the filter is set to a low flow of water, there may be no bubbles. If you can watch a wave of water in an aquarium, then the filter works well. Water is saturated with oxygen from the surface due to the waves.
How to install an external filter? The external filter is outside the aquarium. It does not clutter up the usable water space of the reservoir, does not bring resonance into the vividness and naturalness of the underwater landscape with unnecessary adaptations and details. Therefore, developers can create the most complex and super efficient filtration system that is not limited in volume.
Choose a filter for the aquarium
The aquarium filter is a device that cleans a decorative aquarium in which fish, plants and other animals live. Filters for an aquarium do not only clean the water, but also the soil, so these devices can be of various kinds. Which is better to install a filter for an aquarium? In this matter it is necessary to understand in detail, given the functionality and purpose of the equipment.
Types of filtering devices for aquariums
Filtering devices are characterized by the features of the design position and a set of functions. Therefore, they are of the following types:
Internal filters for the aquarium - they need to be installed inside the tank. These are the most famous devices for cleaning home pond. It is better to buy those who start the aquarium business, because they are inexpensive and easy to operate. Their main drawback is the bulkiness, which occupies a considerable area inside the aquascape.
Watch the video story about the internal filter.
External filters for the aquarium - they are preferred by experienced aquarists. This type of device is installed on the outside near the tank, and 2 tubes are placed in the water. The first one pumps out stale water, the second one pumps clean after the cleaning process. The advantage of an external device is a high level of efficiency, ergonomics. Such equipment is more expensive and takes up a large space behind the aquarium.
Mounted filters for aquarium - this type of device is installed near the wall of the tank, and the mechanism with the filter is lowered into the water. While he gained wide popularity among fans.
Bottom filters for the aquarium (false) - the filter plate of the device is laid out on the bottom of the tank, and on top is lined with a soil substrate. Cleans the soil and water from harmful impurities that remain after uneaten feed. The filtration process starts from the bottom, and goes up, as a result, the water is purified twice - through the filter and through the soil. The disadvantage of such installations is a low degree of performance, a complex operation scheme. They are not installed in spacious tanks.
Types of elements for filtering aquarium environment
The process of filtration inside the aquarium is of these types:
- Mechanical (grains of small debris are separated);
- Biochemical (harmful substances and impurities are neutralized).
These functions are performed by filtering elements that are present in the device. They remove a certain amount of accumulated dirt, freeing water space from harmful substances.
Sponge filter - inside the mechanism there is a sponge filter element, of a large-porous or fine-pore structure. Dirty water is absorbed by pressure, it passes through the pores of the spongy material, and leaves mechanical debris on it (uneaten food, plants, extraneous fragments). After a week of continuous work, colonies of beneficial bacteria will appear on the sponge, which will function as a biological "filter", freeing water from accumulated nitrates and methane. Spongy tissue needs cleaning every 14 days. The permissible terms of cleaning the sponge are given in the instruction manual of the device.
Activated carbon is a filler for an aquarium filter that purifies water qualitatively thanks to its pronounced chemical properties. However, when using activated carbon, you need to be careful: the full saturation of the sorbent with harmful impurities, can give a backlash. Harmful substances with excessive accumulation in the coal, will be thrown back into the water, which is fraught with negative consequences for all inhabitants of the aquarium. Better use other types of cleaners.
Biological fillers from multi-pore ceramics are popular in modern aquariums. These are ceramic balls, the surface layer of which quickly accumulates in beneficial microorganisms that create millions of colonies. Biological treatment in this case increases several times. Ceramic cleaning devices are used simultaneously with mechanical filters.
Watch the video about the external aquarium filter.
How to choose a filter device
Which filter is better to choose for a home aquarium? All filtering installations to some extent well cope with their functions. All manufacturers of cleaners provide a wide range of devices that have their own advantages and disadvantages. Before buying an appliance, consult with experienced aquarists and vendors.
- For a spacious tank you can buy an internal filter. There is a good brand of aquarium filters called "Aquael Fan", which produces cleaning mechanisms in Poland. Devices of this brand are easily operated, reliable in use, and do an excellent job of cleaning the water environment. They also saturate the water with oxygen (produce aeration).
- Equipment of the German company "Eheim" are in great demand among aquarists. The cleaning devices of this manufacturer are noiseless; they can be used in tanks of any capacity. They perfectly save the internal space in the aquarium. You can purchase an external filter, but it can be expensive.
- Another good cleaning plant Polish manufacturer "Aquael UNIMAX". They are inexpensive, high quality and effective.
- The famous German company "Tetra", in addition to fish feed, also produces biological water purifiers. They perfectly remove pollution, are able to work without replacing the filter elements for at least six months.
- Bottom filters for aquariums also come from different manufacturers. Their prices are relatively low, but their maintenance takes longer. Famous manufacturers of bottom filters: Aquarel, Eheim, Resun.
How to install an aquarium :: Hobbies and entertainment :: Other
How to install an aquarium
A good freshwater aquarium can decorate any home environment. Observing its inhabitants is not only relaxing, but also has an educational and entertaining effect for all households. Installation of the aquarium, if desired, can be done independently.
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You will need
- - aquarium;
- - substrate (gravel or sand);
- - stand for aquarium;
- - water filter;
- - heater.
1. Find a suitable place for the aquarium. Ensure that no direct sunlight falls on it, because они могут вызвать ускоренный рост водорослей. Не размещайте аквариум вблизи источников пыли. Проследите, чтобы рядом с аквариумом была электрическая розетка или используйте удлинительный шнур для фильтра и нагревателя.
2. Выберите аквариум. Consider at the same time, what fish and what plants you will put in it. The larger the adult fish, the larger you will need an aquarium. Pick up the aquarium so that it fits completely on the rack that you prepare for it. Do not allow the edges of the aquarium protruding beyond the edges of the rack. Find out the maximum weight of an aquarium filled with water and calculate whether your rack can withstand it. As a rack for containers, use special stands, for this purpose dressers, tables or any ordinary pedestals will not work.
3. Select a filter for water treatment. Before you buy a filter, pay attention to the speed of its operation and compare it with the volume of your aquarium. Ideally, for every 4 liters of aquarium, the filter should allow 20 liters of water per hour.
4. Select the substrate, which you will fill the bottom of the aquarium. Gravel or sand can be used as a substrate. The substrate allows the inhabitants of the aquarium not to lose orientation in space, and also serves as a shelter. It can be purchased at any pet store.
5. Pour 2-5 cm of water into the aquarium and check for leaks. If you find them, drain the water, dry the container and seal the holes with a sealant.
6. Thoroughly rinse the substrate (gravel or sand) with running water. Spread it evenly across the bottom of the aquarium and slowly pour in some water so that it does not wash away the substrate. Install a filter, but do not turn it on until the tank is filled with water. Press down the gravel with a plate and fill the tank to the end. Install a heater in the aquarium and heat the water to 21-25 ° C.
7. In the established aquarium, the fish must be introduced gradually. Submerge 2-3 fish for ten days. Then add two more for the next ten days, etc. If you release all your fish into the aquarium at once, the water can quickly become filled with toxins and spoil.