DIY Aquarium Lighting, LED Lights in Aquarium
DIY Aquarium Lighting, LED Lights in Aquarium
One of the key moments of maintaining a healthy, beautiful aquarium with lush aquarium plants is LIGHTING!!! Highlights of the selection of aquarium lighting have already been covered on FanFishka.ru, in this ARTICLE. Here, I would like to share with the reader my experience of creating a high-grade, high-quality lighting for an aquarium with live aquarium plants.
So, we will discuss the creation of mixed lighting: the installation of LED spotlights (hereinafter referred to as “SD projector”) in a plastic aquarium cover and a T5 fluorescent lamp (hereinafter “LL T5”). Also in this article we will consider the installation of coolers in the aquarium to cool the water in the summer.
CONSIDER ALL QUESTIONS BY ORDER:
- What is mixed lighting, why is it needed, what are the advantages?
- Why exactly the LED spotlight? -
- Why precisely in the cover?
- Why do I need a T5 lamp?
- The choice of LED spotlight?
- What do you need to create lighting with your own hands?
- The process of assembling aquarium lighting in the home.
- How much is it?
- Is it worth bothering? What is the effect? What is mixed lighting, why is it needed, what are the advantages?
MIXED LIGHTING - It is a combination of different sources of lighting. A good example of such lighting is the ADA Solar I luminaire, where Takashi Amano combines a metal halide floodlight MH-HQI 150W with two LL T5 lamps of 36 watts each.
In general, if we talk about high-quality aquarium lighting, then in my opinion a metal halide spotlight (hereinafter - MG) in combination with LL is the best option. Such lighting "breaks through" even the deepest aquariums, the characteristics of such lighting as close as possible to natural, natural lighting. Well, and a visual row, you just will please - sparkling glare of waves at the bottom of the aquarium, the shadows of plants and fish, natural, rich colors. Why do you need such mixed lighting? It's very simple to recreate the "effect of the sun" in your aquarium: the effect of sunrise, zenith and sunset.
Agree, the Sun does not fry 24 hours a day, the maximum intensity of sunlight is observed only during the day - at lunchtime. The rest of the time, the Sun either rises or sets, the intensity of illumination gradually increases and then decreases.
Approximately the same effect can be achieved with a mixed luminaire (lighting), when LL T5 (sunrise) is switched on first, then a searchlight (zenith) is added for 3-4 hours, and then (LL T5) again work (sunset) again.
The advantages of such lighting are clear:
1. Aquarium plants get the most natural light. Set a certain rhythm.
2. Prevention of algal outbreak. Powerful, long-lasting, and even more so illumination leads to the "greening" of the aquarium. It is only necessary to create a peak of activity of lighting, and not to “fry” an aquarium for 12 hours a day.
3. At the same time, the presence of powerful, directional and high-quality lighting in sufficient quantities is the key to success!
Why LED led spotlight? Why precisely in the cover? The only significant drawback of the metal halide lamp is that it heats up very much !!! Alas, such lighting can be used only in open aquariums (without a cover), at a distance of at least 30 cm from the surface of the water, while using hangers or stoics for the lamp.
When I decided the question of what kind of lighting would be in my aquarium, I proceeded from the assumption that the aquarium would be closed (with a lid). Firstly, the spouse wanted so much))), secondly, I agreed with her that the aquarium with the lid looks at home, as it is more comfortable, plus at home cats who watch Aqua-TV every evening, and all the same, the house is not an exhibition center and not an ADA laboratory ... metal halide spotlights in a house are a bust! But, here everyone decides for himself ... my opinion is not a dogma.
So, an analogue of the metal-halogen spotlight is the LED. Immediately I will note the word "analog" in quotes ... yet there is a significant difference. First, LED lighting, in contrast to the MG discrete. Discreteness (from the Latin. discretus - divided, intermittent) - a property opposed to continuity, discontinuity. To explain on the fingers, below the photo example, what a continuous and discrete spectrum looks like.
Thus, we see that the spectrum of LEDs, to put it mildly, is not the best. And the thing is, not even in the peaks of red and blue, namely, that aquarium plants in fact, in the process of photosynthesis, absorb the entire visible spectrum, and it is deficient in diabetes.
What is the similarity between MG and SD, you ask? Why initially do such "poor-quality" lighting? The answers to these questions will reveal the benefits of CD spotlights.
1. Like the metal halide spotlight, the LED has directional lighting. That is, the efficiency of LEDs is much higher than, for example, in fluorescent lamps, the effective use of which is possible only with reflectors. Speaking in everyday language, the SD and MG prozhetory "beat" in one direction, and not "sprayed" at all. It is this property that makes it possible to “pierce” MG and SD spotlights the deepest aquariums and the water column of 60 centimeters or more.
2. Unlike MG, the LED spotlight does not emit excessive heat. Checked !!! From the front side, the LED searchlight does not heat up at all, and the back part heats up, but is tolerable (tolerable for a hand and a plastic cover). Some aquarists are advised to put a cooler on the CD for heat, but so far even now, when it's 36 on the street, I see no need for that. Again, this is not a constant, everyone has their own specifics.
3. LED lighting is by far the most economical lighting. You will save 3, 10 times on electricity.
4. A significant drawback, for example, of fluorescent lamps, is their flickering with a frequency that is noticeable even to the eye. In this connection, with a long-term effect of LL on a person, his eyes very quickly get tired. LED lamps are powered by direct current, so they have no flickering.
5. Other positive aspects of diabetes: safety (work at low voltage, which is important for the aquarium business) and long life (up to 100,000 hours).
Why do I need a T5 lamp? From the fact that T5 fluorescent lamps are better than T8, I think they already know a lot, so I will not focus on this particular attention here.
I used LL T5 in my case, firstly, to create mixed lighting, and secondly, to make up for the discreteness of the LED spectrum.
Namely, the so-called lamp "Full spectrum" was used.
Fluorescent lamp for the aquarium, designed to provide intensive lighting. The JBL Solar Ultra Color T5 lamp has increased power compared to standard T8 lamps and has a full range of colors.
When using a JBL Solar Ultra Color lamp in an aquarium, you will gain increased red and blue color transmission of aquarium fish and other inhabitants of the aquarium.
Having a higher proportion of red and blue in the spectrum, the JBL Solar Ultra Color aquarium lamp stimulates the synthesis of chlorophylls, which in turn speeds up the process of photosynthesis.
Naturally, this lamp was installed with a reflector / reflector. I note that I wanted to initially install 2 such lamps, for uniform lighting and good power, but alas, the dimensions of the cover did not allow to do this.
The choice of LED spotlight
To the selection and acquisition of LED spotlight must be treated with special scruples. This is a very important and expensive moment, without paying enough attention to that, you can simply throw your money away.
Since I am a pioneer on FanFishka, I had to subtract a lot of information, review a lot of characteristics of various projectors and LED panels, collect scant information on forums and talk with a few experts on the LED case.
And so, what conclusion was made! Per 100-110 l. Aquarium, net volume need:
1. Two LED spotlights. Since they have a directional light and one, albeit a more powerful searchlight does not cover the entire area of the bottom and the reservoir as a whole.
If the cover allows, you can put three spotlights (of lesser power), which will give you more confidence that the spotlights will not burn quickly. Alas, the repair of SD-spotlights are not subject. Less powerful spotlights heat less, respectively, the risks are reduced. At the same time, the smaller the watt of diabetes, the less its “penetrating” ability and its other characteristics, too. In general, all you need to calculate and estimate.
2. Everyone knows that LED lighting is much more powerful than the nominal. That is, the power of LEDs in watts to measure at least not correctly.
So I asked the question, but how many watts then is needed in my aquarium. To believe sellers in the market who say: "Multiply by three years and there will be those real vats" - stupid! In general, I had to rummage in this matter and find clearer information.
And the truth is quite simple, lighting, in addition to watts, has a lot of characteristics, including the so-called Lumens - is the amount of light emitted / emitted by the light source. A light source with a luminous flux of 1 lumen, which uniformly illuminates any surface of 1 square meter, creates on it (surfaces) an illumination of 1 lux.
Experienced, aquarists have found that for a good herbalist, for the Dutch and Amanovo aquarium, you need 40-50 lumens per liter of pure water.
The task was solved and the choice of searchlights became extremely specific - you need two searchlights so that in the sum of their Lumens they give 50 Lm / l.
3. And the last two important points when choosing a CD projector are all the same: spectrum and Kelvin.
As it turned out, the searchlights were full of variety: there was a warm glow, a cold glow, I even came across RGB searchlights (and for a long time I understood what that kind of thing was))). But, we only need one searchlight - with a spectrum as close as possible to daylight. This type of LED has the best characteristics.
Kelvin (K) - this is the color temperature of any light source. This is the measure of our impression of the color of this light source. For maintenance of aquarium plants, it is recommended from 6500 to 8000 K.
What do you need to create lighting in the aquarium with your own hands and how much will it cost?First, you need skillful hands, without them in any way))) As well as tools, preferably: drill, electric jigsaw, Bulgarian, other small tools (screwdrivers, keys, pliers, etc.). If you do not have a jigsaw or grinder, do not despair. You just have to do everything "manually", for example, with a hacksaw or sawing.
I "modernsirval" aquarium cover TM "Nature" (plastic, with two integrated LL T8, ballast and starters), like this: Acquired two CD prozhetora 30W, TM "Feron" model LL 730. Features: daylight 6500K, 2850 lumen (by the way, 2 SD * 2850Lm = 5700Lm / 110l.vody = 51.8lm / l).
Acquired Aquaelev electronic starter for LL T5. Such a choice was made in order to minimize the "stuffing" of the aquarium cover, the place under which is worth its weight in gold.
Acquired previously voiced T5 lamp JBL Solar Ultra Color T5, 28 W, 60 cm. + reflector.
Socket - voltage relay. It is necessary for safety and the prevention of power surges. In such an outlet, voltage limits are set, after which the equipment is de-energized. Sockets timers (2 pcs.). Required for automatic on / off lighting. It makes life easier and clearly controls the time of the filing of a particular lighting. Electronic sockets-timers were purchased for lighting, since, unlike mechanical ones, they do not go astray. For example, when the network is de-energized, they “remember everything” and after the resumption of power supply, they work according to a predetermined schedule. To install coolers (fans), you will need: 2-a computer cooler for 12W and a voltage adapter, respectively, 12W. I purchased an adapter with a switch W from 0 to 12 W, it is convenient to reduce or increase the speed of rotation of the coolers and, accordingly, the degree of cooling. And also to reduce noise, if necessary.
You will also need: Silicone (building and aquarium), fasteners (bolts, nuts, screws), tie-holders for spotlights (preferably aluminum, so as not to rust), wires (strong and three-core), needed to connect spotlights, coolers, plugs for spotlights with ground connection.
The process of assembling aquarium lighting The process of assembling and installing aquarium lighting with their own hands is different for everyone, since everyone has different covers. I will describe my process.
1. First, connect the power cord and plug to the spotlights. From the spotlight comes a three-core wire (with ground), respectively, you need to attach to it the same wire. Do not listen to "smart sellers" in the building supermarkets. When I bought the wire I was told, they say: "What are you ... / censored /, grounding the searchlight." In general, trust only yourself and reliable information, and not “woe to the specials”, who, perhaps, understand only cheap vodka.
Photo can be increased paint
2. Next, remove all the "old insides" cover.
3. Make the layout and cut out the holes for the spotlight. This manipulation must be done very carefully, so that the illumination of the spotlights will be uniform - throughout the aquarium.
4. Install the spotlights and fix them with a tie and fasteners.
5. All silicone and seal. Remove special attention to metal parts (if used), make good silicone so that rust does not get into the aquarium.
6. After checking the performance and proceed to the installation of coolers.
7. Making holes for coolers in opposite sides of the cover.
8. Mount the cooler. One cooler is placed on blowing, the other on blowing. Silicone
9. Connect the cooler to the adapter, check the performance.
10. After all the wires stretch around the perimeter of the cover and fasten with silicone.
11. Install T5 and Aquaelev electronic starter in the last turn, based on the availability of free space under the cover. SD and LL should not overlap.
It looks like the electrical connection under the aquarium
How much is it? Cover - in stock.
Searchlight (30W) - 2800 rubles. * 2 = 5600 rubles.
Aquaelev electronic starter - 1200 rubles.
T5 JBL Solar Ultra Color T5, 28 W, 60 cm. - 750 rubles.
Reflector - I used homemade, because Standard not intermeddle.
Relay socket - 400 rubles.
Socket timer - 350 rubles * 2 = 700 rubles.
Extension cable with off buttons = 400 rubles.
Power adapter 12W - 210 rubles.
Fasteners, wires, plugs, silicone, screed, and other trifles - 500 rubles. (about).
TOTAL: 9760 rubles. ($ 275)
Is it worth bothering? What is the effect? Definitely worth it !!! The price of the issue is not so global, but the effect is amazing !!!
My plants immediately bubbled up even without T5, with the T5 after two hours of intense lighting, the "oxygen blizzard" begins. And this is a clear sign - effective and high quality lighting. The plants themselves grow like weeds in the garden. And the aquarium sparked and transformed beyond recognition.
Here are the primary photos of the aquarium and plants with bubbles
DIY Aquarium Light
Fish and plants living in a home aquarium are adapted to bright lighting and high temperatures. Ordinary street lighting is not enough for them, since we have autumn for a short day (especially in winters), and the rooms in which aquariums are installed are not always well lit. In order for the plants to undergo photosynthesis processes and the fish feel comfortable, they need lighting for the aquarium that is easy to do with your own hands. The budget lamp will not yield anything to the store.
DIY Aquarium Lamp
To make a lamp for the aquarium with your own hands will require the following devices:
- plastic panel;
- simple pencil;
- mirror / black adhesive tape;
- chuck with cable;
- tin strip.
It is required to make a box for the lamp in which the lamp will be placed. Production of the lamp will occur in several stages:
- Measure out, cut 4 pieces of plastic (then they will become the walls of the lamp box) and trim the edges so that they are even.
- Make an incision and remove the top layer of plastic (about 1 cm).
- Cut off the plastic partitions from each edge.
- Connect the panels in such a way as to make boxing. This can be done using plastic glue.
- Inside the box obkleite mirror tape. It will reflect the light from the bulb and scatter it over the aquarium.
- Attach the cartridge with a tin strip, rounding it over the cartridge with small screws.
- Top with black tape and twist a light bulb. Attach the lamp to the back wall.
Such a lamp will satisfy the need of fish and plants for lighting.
LED lighting aquarium do it yourself
This illumination is made with the help of a tape consisting of a set of bright light bulbs. To work, you need a power supply with a capacity of 12 volts and the tape itself is white in color with a power of 9.6 W per meter and protection class IP65. Такая подсветка может быть размещена непосредственно под водой, но с этим не следует экспериментировать, так как верхний свет более полезен аквариумным жильцам.
Соедините ленту и кабель блока питания силиконовым герметиком. Высохшую ленту можно крепить к крышке и включать в питание.