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How to make the water in the aquarium transparent

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How to make the water in the aquarium transparent :: how to get the water color :: Equipment and accessories

Tip 1: How to make the water in the aquarium clear

Aquarium maintenance is a rather laborious process, especially for a novice breeder. The basis of health for fish and plants that inhabit the aquarium, is quality water. It should be transparent, not have color and smell, which is achieved as a result of special preparation of the liquid.

Instruction

1. The most important thing that a novice aquarist should know is that fish should not be run into an aquarium with untreated tap water. This can lead to the death of living organisms. For fish and plants to take root, prepare in advance watermake it transparent. Pour a new clean aquarium water from the tap and let it stand for 2-3 days. As soon as the water loses the smell of chlorine, it is sufficiently settled. You can lay the soil and plant.

2. After laying the ground water can again lose transparency, becoming first blue and then muddy. This soil particles, stalks and roots of plants pollute water. Therefore, it is not possible to plant fish there yet. After about an hour and a half, the soil will settle, and fish can be planted in the aquarium. If you still doubt the quality of the water, add a special tool for water treatment (for example, "Aquaseyf"). This mixture will make water completely habitable fish and protects it from the development of pathogenic flora.

3. After the fish and plants settled in aquarium, water for another 3-4 months will have a bluish tint. And only after a certain time, when all living organisms take root finally, the water will regain its colorlessness and transparency. This means that the water has reached its most optimal stage, which is called "old" among experienced aquarists. In such water, both animals and plants feel comfortable. Fish do not get sick and actively reproduce, and the plants have a bright, saturated color. Determining that water has reached this stage is simple. In a dark room, highlight the front wall of the aquarium with a table lamp. If the water is not visible, the fish, as it were, hover in the air, then you have achieved the ideal state of the water.

4. If your aquarium is equipped with modern water purification and filtration systems, then it is often not necessary to change it. Update water only in the event that the water became turbid, many algae particles floating in the water and fish waste products appeared. Then a portion of the water is poured and an appropriate volume of distilled or prepared tap water is added. The more often the water changes in aquariumthe smaller the volume needed to drain.

5. If there is no cleaning system to do water transparent, you have to change it from time to time. Cast from the aquarium should be no more than 1/4 of the water, replacing it with a settled water supply. This should be done no more than once every 2-3 weeks. Fish are very hard going through the change of fluid, so it is better to get a filtration system. And do not forget to wash the walls of the aquarium from the plaque. That it can be the main cause of turbidity of water.

Tip 2: How to make the aquarium clean

Everything aquariums without exception require water treatment. The fact is that in it, over time, the formation of dirt, mucus and microorganisms. Currently, this problem can be solved quite simply.

Instruction

1. In modern industry there is a whole range of devices that help solve this kind of problem. Most often, people use cleaners that are built into aerators and mounted on the bottom of the aquarium. There are also special devices that collect waste from the aquarium. If you are a beginner aquarist, then remember that the best form of organization of uninterrupted life in an aquarium is a combination of water and soil purification means with the establishment of living beings. These creatures are able to maintain the natural balance in the aquarium.

2. Consider, the aquarium needs constant care. It is necessary to monitor it every day, but not once a week. Naturally, every day you do not need to deal with the change of water. Active bacteria that breed in water, as well as in the soil, are not always superfluous guests. The most important thing is to create a natural balance. It should be similar to the one that exists in natural, natural conditions.

3. Do not forget that almost all modern biological filters are ways to create an environment for the emergence of bacteria, not only in the aquarium water. In order to localize them, a variety of products of companies that produce closed cleaning systems for aquariums work in the sockets of the filter. But even they can not save you from the constant change of water and the annual boiling of the soil. However, it makes it possible to enjoy the contemplation of the inhabitants of the aquarium for many days.

4. You can also get a normal snail. In the people they are called "suckers." As a result, you can much less often engage in cleaning glasses. Get catfish. They will feed on algae that form on the walls of the aquarium. These fish are very hardy. The appearance is striking in its archaic refinement.

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Why aquarium is muddy :: care for a muddy aquarium :: Care and education

Why aquarium muddy

Novice aquarists often encounter such a problem - the water in the aquarium becomes cloudy. This may be due to several reasons, and they need to be fixed as soon as possible.

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Instruction

1. If you poured water from the tap into the aquarium, without letting it stand, it will become whitish and muddy the next day. This is due to the rapid multiplication of microorganisms. It will be right to let the water stand for at least 2 days, then pour it into the aquarium with the soil and plants. Let it stand still for 5-7 days, until the eco-balance is normalized, at the very least, launch the fish and other inhabitants. The water will be clear with a slight greenish tint.

2. If you run a lot of fish at once, the water also becomes cloudy. This is due to overpopulation of the aquarium. Since the balance is broken. Even after you add one single fish to the existing ones, the water can also become cloudy. But if there is no overpopulation, then soon the balance will be restored, and the water will again become transparent.

3. When improperly fed water becomes cloudy. This is caused by rotting at the bottom of the remnants of feed. Therefore, follow the rule: "It is better to underfeed - than to overfeed." Fish should eat everything in 15 minutes. Or get somkami that pick up the remains from the bottom in minutes.

4. Improper soil - one of the causes of water turbidity. Take well-washed river sand or pebbles to the aquarium; they also need to be boiled. And if you have bottom fish, they will raise the dregs, rummaging in the ground.

5. If the water suddenly dims, check to see if some fish have died. In a decaying environment, bacteria multiply rapidly, and this will cause water damage in the aquarium.

6. Water can not only grow cloudy, but also turn green. Most likely this is caused by the rapid reproduction of algae. It is necessary to clean the aquarium, enhance its lighting and partially change the water.

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Helpful advice

So that the water in the aquarium does not become cloudy, once a week, change one third to the new space. Remove from the bottom of the siphon the accumulated remnants of the life of the fish. In time, weed the plants. And keep the rate of water on one fish. For small ones, like guppies, 3 liters is enough, for large ones, like veils, take 10 liters.

What to do if the water in the aquarium is turbid :: the water in the aquarium becomes cloudy what to do :: Aquarium fish

What if the aquarium water is cloudy

Occasionally water at aquarium starts to grow cloudy. There are many reasons why this process occurs. It can be associated with both the vital activity of fish and the quality of food, as well as with various objects inside the aquarium, including the filter. In itself, the turbidity of water in aquarium harmless, but you still need to identify and eliminate the causes of this phenomenon.

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In most cases, the reason for the turbidity of water becomes the mass reproduction of bacteria. If your aquarium is new, you can not worry - this is a completely normal phenomenon, which will eventually pass. If your aquarium has “matured” for a long time, be sure to transplant the fish into another container and change the water. Sometimes water begins to cloud due to improper use of chemicals. Therefore, once again carefully re-read the instructions to detect your mistake, and then transplant the fish into another aquarium, as there is a risk of poisoning. fish. These products include, for example, fresh meat or improperly thawed feed. In this case, change the diet of the inhabitants of the aquarium, using high-quality food. Sometimes water begins to be painted in different, not at all characteristic tones. In most cases this is due to the color of the decorations in the aquarium. For example, peat or wood colors water brown, while pink gravel gives the water a reddish tint. In most cases, this phenomenon is not dangerous for fish. In order to get rid of strange shades, simply treat the water with the help of tablets of activated carbon, as they are excellent absorbents. Water may become cloudy as a result of lifting substances that have accumulated in the substrate of the aquarium. The release of such a substance can occur as a result of the activities of the fish or the person himself. On this occasion, do not worry - the mule should get a filtration system. If a water starts to grow cloudy, then be sure to check the filter - it is possible that it is broken or not working sufficiently intensively. Quite often, dead fish cause water pollution. In big aquarium it is quite difficult to notice a small dead fish that has sunk to the bottom. Therefore, try as often as possible to check the aquarium and its pets. When a dead fish is found, immediately catch it from the water, as it begins to decompose very quickly.

Muddy aquarium: from what and why the water becomes cloudy, what to do


PROBLEMS OF THE MUTT AQUARIUM

problems of whitish, green, brown water

Turbidity of the aquarium is a frequent occurrence in new, just-launched aquariums. However, "aquarium murk" does not bypass the already established "old" reservoirs. On the Internet, a lot has been written on this issue. There are lots of articles and even talmudov about the turbid state of aquarium water. However, a significant drawback of these articles, in my opinion, is the lack of practical recommendations for eliminating turbidity and its causes. Yes, theory is good, but what to do? How to get rid of turbidity? What preparations should be used in a given situation, what actions should the aquarist take to make the aquarium beautiful and the water truly clean?
We will try to answer all these questions in this article.
So, the reasons that the aquarium water has become muddy are:
- mechanical factors;
- biological factors;
MUTT AQUARIUM: MECHANICAL FACTORS
theory, reasons, ways to eliminate
Aquarium water is a closed ecosystem, where there are various artificial elements that recreate the natural conditions of fish habitat. As well as in nature, water in the aquarium may cloud due to the large number of small suspended particles that were lifted from the bottom of the aquarium, separated from the scenery, formed as a result of the livelihood of aquatic organisms (all aquatic inhabitants).
It can be said that the mechanical clouding of the aquarium is trivial, in fact, it is the dirt and debris of the aquarium, which arose as a result of laziness or proper, improper care for the aquarium.
Let's take a closer look at the reasons for this action:
Errors made when starting the aquarium. Usually the launch of the first, new, just bought aquarium, occurs in a euphoric state. A beginner in a hurry puts the aquarium in a hurry, pours in the ground there, sets the decor and fills it all with water.
Alas, such a rush, later does not well affect the appearance of the aquarium. Water appears in the water, which has not previously been washed away or washed from the scenery and the ground. This is especially true of the ground. Before you lay it on the bottom of the aquarium, it should be washed thoroughly and more than once. Otherwise, dust and small particles of soil will "spread out" throughout the aquarium.
Not the right or inappropriate care. As a result of the vital activity of fish, plants, crustaceans and other inhabitants of the aquarium, waste is generated: feces, food remains, dead organics.
If proper, regular maintenance or filtering of aquarium water is not properly set up in the aquarium, all these residues accumulate. And eventually begin to swim around the reservoir. Moreover, the residues gradually decompose, which gives prerequisites for biological clouding.

The use of "not correct" decorations in the design of the aquarium.
As the decoration of the aquarium can not use bulk, soluble and coloring objects. All these objects will sooner or later be washed out or dissolved by water, which will lead not only to a violation of the aesthetic appearance, but also threatens with chemical poisoning of all living things in the aquarium.

Ways to eliminate mechanical turbidity in the aquarium

Naturally the first is a thorough cleaning of the aquarium with the replacement? aquarium water to fresh, plus siphon aquarium bottom and cleaning the walls of the aquarium. Extract all the "bad" decorations.
The second is the enhanced filtration of aquarium water. The existing filter is cleaned and washed, re-installed. Plus, another new filter is installed or a more powerful filter is bought to replace the old one.
Tip: Mechanical turbidity in the aquarium is very fine. Under the influence of any oscillation (excitement), it sweeps up and heaves. Before the general cleaning of the aquarium, it is recommended to turn off aeration and filtration in the aquarium for 2-3 hours, a little more. In the absence of generated water currents, all small particles floating in the water will gradually sink to the bottom and aquarium decorations. After that, they will be easy to collect siphon.

Preparations eliminating mechanical turbidity in an aquarium


Aquarium coal - Absorbent, perfectly coping with pollution of the aquarium. Coal is poured after cleaning the aquarium in the filter compartment and held there for two weeks. After that, a new portion of coal is removed and, if necessary, poured.
TetraAqua CrystalWater (drug TM "Tetra") - binds small particles that are in the water and combines them into larger ones, which are then either removed through a filter, or are deposited on the bottom. Such a course of the cleaning process is guaranteed for any kind of filter.
If small particles still float in the water, these may be food remnants, with over-feeding, or particles of soil that have risen after changing water.
The product acts on both the physical and chemical levels. The first results are noticeable 2-3 hours after application. After 6-8 hours, the water becomes clean, and after 6-12 hours - crystal clear. Dosage: 100 ml per 200 l of aquarium water.
Tetra Crystal Water is recommended even with a slight clouding of the aquarium, it is very useful to use the drug before the photo session of the aquarium. In practice, the period of complete water purification can stretch for 2 days. Most likely it depends on the degree of pollution of the reservoir.

Sera aquaria clear
(similar to the previous drug, but from TM "Sulfur") - a means for removing contaminants from aquarium water, quickly, simply and reliably connects the "dregs" of any origin in aquariums.
Bound "turbidity" is removed using a filter installed in your aquarium within a few minutes. Sera Aquaria Clear - acts biologically and does not contain harmful active substances, effectively removes contaminants from the aquarium water.
MUTT AQUARIUM: BIOLOGICAL FACTORS
theory, reasons, ways to eliminate
Aquarium water is not sterile. Even when the water visually looks perfectly clean, it contains various microorganisms and fungi that are not visible to the human eye. And this is the normal state of affairs.
In our world, everything is interconnected; everything that was invented by God is not superfluous and is needed for something. Fungi and bacteria (good or bad) in aquarium water play a crucial role for all other inhabitants of the aquarium. Fungi are involved in the decomposition of dead organics, bacteria recycle ammonia, nitrites and nitrates (aquarium poisons), etc.
Now imagine what happens if this process is disrupted? That's right, there will be murkiness! Such a violation in akvaraimistiki called "biobalance violation" or "biological equilibrium."
By the time of flow, the biobalance violation can be divided into:
Violations in the "young" - a new, just-launched aquarium;
Violations in the "old" - well-established aquarium;
MUTTY YOUNG AQUARIUM

dimmed water in a newly launched aquarium

In many sources on this issue it is very briefly written: "Do not worry, the clouding of your aquarium will pass by itself in 3-5 days." And the point! After reading this, the aquarium novice exhales, says "Fuv, thank God" and calms down on it.
But, with this position we can agree only partially. Yes, indeed the first 3-5 days of the newly launched aquarium will be muddy.Then whitish cloudiness, similar to fog or colostrum (sometimes with a brownish or greenish tinge) disappears by itself. But, as mentioned above, “aquarium water is not sterile,” and the absence of turbidity does not indicate that the problem has been solved.
What happens in a young aquarium? Why does the water in the aquarium grow turbid?
In short, in the aquarium there is a setting of biological balance. Namely, there is a rapid growth of bacteria, fungi and other unicellular microorganisms. At the same time, products of life of fish and other inhabitants of the reservoir accumulate in the aquarium. Not joining of the two leads to their excessiveness, which is manifested visually in the form of turbidity of water. Gradually, the process is aligned and the biological chain closes. In other words, the amount of food (dead organics, fish food residues, feces) is equal to the number of colonies of beneficial bacteria, and of fungi, which they eat and decompose into smaller “elements”.
Based on the above, we can agree that the clouding of a young aquarium is not so scary. But, it can be prevented! Or rather help the aquarium tune faster. How? We will talk about this a little later.
MUTT OLD AQUARIUM

clouding of an established aquarium

If the clouding of a young aquarium is forgivable to an aquarist, then dregs in the old pond are his sin! Violation of the biobalance in well-established water bodies is often due to oversight, due to the lack of basic care, due to ignorance or unwillingness to know what is happening in the aquarium. The exculpatory causes of the clouding of the old aquarium include “whiteness after the treatment of fish”, that is, when aquarium chemistry and preparations were used in the aquarium. Like any "medicine" aquarium chemistry has side effects, in particular the violation of biological equilibrium.
What happens in the old aquarium? Why does the water grow cloudy in it?
And almost the same thing happens as in a young aquarium. But, if I may say so, in regressive order.
To make it even clearer to you, let's break the aquarium biological chain into links. NITROGEN CYCLE is as follows.
"DIRT AND TRASH"
(remnants of dead organics, fish food, feces, etc.)
decompose under the action of bacteria in
AMMONIA / AMMONIUM
(the strongest poison, destructive for all living things)
under the action of another group of bacteria is decomposed into
NITRITES, and then NITRATES
(less dangerous, but also poisons)
further decompose to
GAS CONDITION
and out of the aquarium water
As you understand, this process is multistage and has its own nuances.
For those that want to study it in more detail, I recommend to go to the forum thread NITRITES AND NITRATES IN THE AQUARIUM. And now imagine what will happen in the old aquarium, if one of the links, for one reason or another, falls out? That's right - dregs! Sorry for the tautology))) Unlike the dregs in a young aquarium, the turbidity in the old aquarium not only spoils the appearance of the aquarium, but is also very dangerous. The following happens: under the influence of non-excreting poisons, the fish’s immunity weakens, their defense mechanisms weaken and become unable to resist the “harmful” - pathogenic bacteria and fungi (which are always in the water). As a result, the fish gets sick and if you do not conduct treatment in time, the fish dies. Thus, we can conclude that the violation of biological balance is the primary cause of the death of aquarium fish. In fairness, it should be said that the saturation of aquarium water with excess ammonia, nitrite and nitrate - can occur without turbidity of the aquarium water. What is even worse, because the enemy is invisible.

HOW TO GET RID OF BIOLOGICALLY DISTURBED AQUARIUM

or how to set up biobalance
First of all, you need to make regular cleaning in the aquarium, do not overfeed the fish. Remember that only the constant and correct replacement of aquarium water to fresh water is an effective way to get rid of poisons.
ATTENTION: To replace the water in a young aquarium, in order to get rid of turbidity is not necessary. In the first month, the water in a young aquarium generally needs to be tried less often and in smaller volumes. Water should "infuse."
Drugs that eliminate the biological clouding of the aquarium - preparations setting biobalance:
Almost all aquarium brands in their arsenal have a line of products that customize the biological balance.
The essence of these drugs can be divided into those that:
- neutralize poisons (nitrites and nitrates);
- promote the growth of colonies of beneficial denitrifying bacteria or are a ready concentrate of these bacteria.
To achieve the maximum effect, you should use these drugs in a complex. Especially with a flash of nitrite and nitrate.
Preparations that neutralize nitrites and nitrates Zeolite is an ion exchanger, in fact, as well as aquarium coal is an absorbent. But, unlike coal, which is not able to “tighten” nitrites and nitrates, zeolite copes with it perfectly. Zeolite is used not only in aquarism, it is widely used in other areas of human life. Therefore, it can even be bought by weight.
Zeolites are a large group of similar in composition and properties of minerals, aqueous aluminosilicates of calcium and sodium from the subclass of frame silicates, with glass or pearlescent gloss, known for their ability to give and reabsorb water, depending on temperature and humidity. Another important property of zeolites is the ability to ion exchange - they are able to selectively release and reabsorb various substances, as well as exchange cations.
Aquarium preparations containing zeolite.

Fluval zeo-carb - a filler for filters zeolite + absorbent carbon.
This is a combination of Fluval activated carbon and Fluval Ammonia Remover. Working together, these highly effective means of active filtration, which eliminate pollution, odors and color, and at the same time, remove toxic ammonia:
- Protects an aquarium from toxic ammonia.
- At the same time, coal adsorbs waste materials, dyes and drugs from water.
- Reduces the phosphate content in water.
The combination of the two products frees up space in your filter for other types of filtering.
Aquael ZeoMAX Plus - zeolite in the form of small crumb, removes ammonia and phosphates, stabilizes pH.
Due to its chemical structure, it provides excellent absorption of organic pollutants, nitrogenous compounds and phosphates that are toxic to fish, which are a consequence of the metabolism of aquarium inhabitants.
Zeolite should not be left in the filter for more than one month.
For more information about the advantages and disadvantages of zeolite, see the forum thread "Nitrites and nitrates", namely HERE.
The drug acting at the chemical level.

Sera toxivec - a drug that at the chemical level instantly eliminates NO2NO3. Since this is chemistry, it is recommended to use it as a preventive measure and once.
Immediately removes hazardous contaminants, life-threatening fish and filter bacteria, from aquarium water. Equal effectiveness against different types of pollutants makes this tool especially valuable.
Sera Toxivec instantly eliminates ammonia / ammonia and nitrites. Because of this, it prevents their transition into nitrates and helps prevent the growth of irritating algae.
In addition, Sera Тoxivec eliminates aggressive chlorine from tap water. Also effective as a disinfectant disinfectant and medication remover.
At the same time, it is capable of even more: it binds toxic heavy metals such as copper, zinc, lead, and even mercury. Therefore, these pollutants can not harm the fish and beneficial bacteria in the biofilter. Due to this, the frequency of water changes can be reduced.
If necessary, for example, with particularly high levels of contamination, an increase in the applied dose of the agent is allowed. Repeated depositing is allowed in one or two hours.
Drugs that promote the growth of beneficial colonies
bacteria or are ready concentrate bacteria
Tetra Bactozym - This conditioner, accelerating the process of stabilization of biological equilibrium, in the filter and aquarium. Suitable for fresh and sea water.
Tetra Bactozym accelerates the conversion of nitrites to nitrates and contains a concentrate of enzymes and substances that contribute to the development of beneficial aquarium microflora. It makes water crystal clear and provides enzymatic decomposition of dissolved organics. The use of an air conditioner reduces the damage done to the beneficial microflora when changing water and washing the filters, and restores microorganisms that are weakened or damaged by the use of medicines.
We draw your attention to the fact that biostarters contain various types of cultures of bacteria and enzymes. Too high or low temperatures reduce their effectiveness.
Tetra NitranMinus Perls (granules) - for reliable reduction of nitrate in water. The drug eliminates the nutritional element necessary for the development of algae, which allows for a long time to improve water quality, reducing, thereby, the need for care of the aquarium.
- lowering the level of nitrates by 12 months by biological means.
- significantly algae growth is restrained.
- just buried in the ground.
Tetra NitrateMinus (liquid conditioner) - biological reduction of nitrates, calculated for 12 months. Improves water quality. Interferes with formation and growth of seaweed (duckweed). Designed for all types of marine and freshwater aquariums.
Convenient dosing: 2.5 ml of new liquid NitrateMinus for every 10 liters of water, once a week.
Like NitrateMinus in granules (Pearls), liquid NitrateMinus facilitates the processing of nitrates into nitrogen and lowers carbonate hardness. A decrease in nitrates by 60 mg / l leads to an increase in carbonate hardness of approximately 3 KH. With regular use of the drug after replacing water, the pH of the water stabilizes and the risk of falling acidity decreases.
Fully compatible, NitrateMinus is based on biological processes in an aquarium and is completely safe for fish. It combines perfectly with TetraAqua EasyBalance and other Tetra products.
Sera bio nitrivec (Sera bio nitrivek) - a drug for quick launch of the aquarium. Special blend of various high-quality cleansing bacteria for aquariums. Sera nitrivek prevents the accumulation of ammonium and nitrite. The use of Sera nitrivek makes it possible to place the fish in the newly created aquarium already 24 hours after application. When entering the water bacteria
begin to act immediately. The resulting effect is stored in
For a long time, giving a crystal water aquarium water.
There are other drugs of identical orientation. I recommend sharing Tetra Bactozym and Tetra NitranMinus Perls.
And when using NO2NO3 flashes, use zeolite.


How else can you achieve a “good biobalance”?


- Biological equilibrium is more stable if live aquarium plants are present in the aquarium. Plants partially absorb the decay elements of living organics and thereby reduce their concentration. The more aquarium plants, the better. I recommend to read the article. AQUARIUM PLANTS ALL FOR BEGINNERS.
- Aquarium snails and fish "orderlies" will help you in cleaning the aquarium. "Squad" of the same coil snails copes with dying leaves and organic matter. Fish nurses also help in this matter. The majority of aquarium catfish can be attributed to them: corridors, antsistrusy, girinoheiliusy, aquatic sequences, thoracacums, and many others.
- It is advisable to use multistage filtration of aquarium water. And also use other methods to improve water quality, for example, phyto filtration.

Useful video about muddy water in the aquarium



How to prepare water for an aquarium :: how to prepare an aquarium for fish :: Care and education

How to prepare water for the aquarium

Aquarium - transparent tank for the constant maintenance of fish. The water in the aquarium plays a huge role for the organisms and plants that live in it. Try to follow the purity of the water and adhere to the recommendations.

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You will need

  • Aquarium, water and attached instructions.

Instruction

1. Before planting in a new aquarium, plants and fish should be prepared not only waterbut the aquarium itself. The framed aquarium is thoroughly washed with warm water at room temperature with baking soda or laundry soap. Then it is filled with water at room temperature, depending on the putty for a period of two to three to ten days. After two or three days the procedure should be repeated. Water needs to be changed two or three times until the smell of paint disappears.

2. Organic glass aquariums are washed with warm water and salt or 5% solution of acetic or hydrochloric acid is added. After that, they are again washed with warm water.
When filling out a new aquarium It should be remembered that it is first filled with water to half, and after two or three days water is added so that the top edge remains 4-8 cm. Thereby pressure on the glass aquarium increases gradually, and they do not burst.
Filling a small aquarium with water, a wide plate, a hand, a piece of plywood, and a piece of cardboard should be put under the stream in order not to blur the ground.

3. A large aquarium is better to fill through the hose. At the same time, the water should fall on a deep plate placed on another plate, standing upside down on the ground.
Sometimes aquarists fill the tank with water immediately after planting, and not before it. In this case, when filling aquarium water will have to use a funnel with a reflective plate.
For aquarium need to find a coating (usually thick glass). It will protect it from dust, will not allow fish to jump out, will prevent too fast cooling and evaporation of water. If the air in the room is too dry, you can use the aquarium to humidify it. In this case, you can not cover the aquarium, but you need to lower the water level so that the fish can not jump out of it.
For air inflow into the aquarium and for rust protection of the steel frame, the coating is not placed on the walls aquarium, and on a small stand height of 5-15mm. It can be pieces of an eraser, strips of organic glass, clips of non-oxidizing metal. But the aquarium, which contains fish that can jump well or climb walls through the gap, should be tightly covered.

4. How to make an aquarium beautiful.
Interior design aquarium should be close to the natural habitat of the fish, as we usually create an aquarium in order to have a corner of nature in the apartment. Sometimes it is possible to see blocks of marble imitating a flooded city or divers, from whose helmets air bubbles strike, but all this can be allowed only to a child in the children's room.
An aquarium not for kids should look as simple as possible outside and bright, but naturally inside. It is desirable to hide all devices and technical devices. Generally, choosing jewelry for aquarium, you need to strive, above all, to recreate the natural picture, emphasizing only the beauty of the main inhabitants aquarium - fish and plants.

5. It looks good soil, located steps, and the sand creeping into the water can be fixed with stones or hidden behind them strips of glass.
Trays of flowers, set along the back wall, create a good background. They can be placed steps: in front of plant low plants, and behind them are high.
Another variant of multi-tiered planting is possible: low plants are planted in front, and large ones are behind and from the sides. For lovers of asymmetry, you can suggest to plant in front, almost at the front glass, some large plant, and in the middle or side to put a stone or snag, while throughout the aquarium, let plants of different sizes grow. When choosing, remember that different plants require different lighting. Plants with the same requirements can be grouped at different levels and equip terraces (steps), which are usually made of wood and stones. In the overall composition of your aquarium there should be one or more eye-catching bright spots. The rest of the decorative tools should not be evident, they are better placed in the background.
Sometimes the big picture aquarium It has only one element that attracts attention. It should be a bush of a lush plant, for example, Japanese sagittaries or cryptocorynes. It needs to be planted slightly away from the center. aquarium, so as not to create unpleasant symmetry for the eyes, as well as to make room for feeding. Then around the edges will look good plants with ribbon-like leaves, normal vallisneria or branching elodeya and peristolistnikom that, growing, will create a frame in the background. Several bushes, not cluttering the middle aquarium and foreground, it is possible to arrange isoethis, helix vallisneria, and marcilia; the ground must always have a slope with the deepest place in the free, unplanted part aquariumwhere the dirt will be collected. On the surface of the water is good to let Ritchie, salvinia and a few bushes water cabbage or frog.

6. If you have two or three around aquariumWhen planting plants, it is necessary to think not only about creating an underwater landscape in each of them, but also about the general impression made by the living area as a whole.
The underwater picture, of course, reaches its greatest charm only when the plants start to grow: leaves oriented in relation to light, processes that occupy the most brightly lit areas, give the aquarium landscape greater naturalness.

7. To recreate the river landscape, round stones are used, to imitate rocks, flat stones of irregular shape, fragments without sharp edges. AT aquariumx with fish digging in the ground, large stones serving as grounds for high terraces are placed directly on the bottom, they are sometimes glued with epoxy or cement.
Stones intended for aquariumshould not contain metals and calcium salts. It is best to use stones of basalt origin, as well as granite and some types of sandstone. If the chemical composition of the stone is suspicious, it can be treated with a solution of hydrochloric acid, like gravel.
The roots and branches of the trees look beautiful in the aquarium. For registration, you can use snags, which for a long time lay in running water or peat bogs. The best breeds are alder and willow. You can not put in the aquarium rotten tree, lain some time under a layer of silt. Fully unusable live wood. Roots or branches, even if they were in running water for a long time, should be boiled in a saturated solution of salt before being placed in an aquarium. Such processing disinfects the wood and compacts its structure - the boiled snags become dense, heavy and sink in water.
For tropical decoration aquarium You can use coconut shells, bamboo stalks and reeds.

8. In aquariumx For twilight, nocturnal or territorial fish species, cover should be made for each such fish. To do this, put on the ground snags (again, alder or willow); individual or folded in the form of caves, grottoes large stones; sanding, gravel, stones or driftwood trimming ceramic pipes or pots.

9. For the period of spawning in an aquarium it is necessary to create shelters or a substrate for caviar. These can be flower pots lying on their sides, coconut shells, pottery, cutting glass, synthetic tubes, fibers, tiles, etc. However, these items should not have sharp corners and emit harmful substances in water.
In the fry tag set by females of viviparous breeds of fish you need to hang a piece of glass. It should hang obliquely on aluminum or galvanized steel wire so that its side edges are adjacent to the walls. aquarium, and the bottom had a gap of 3-4 mm, through which the fry would have the opportunity to fall down.
It is impossible often and the more completely to change water in aquarium. For most species of tropical fish water simply update, and this is done no more than once every seven to ten days.
For this rubber hose from the bottom aquarium suck debris and remnants of food, drain no more than 1/3, and preferably 1/5 of the total volume of water, topping up water with the same characteristics as the water in the aquarium. Fresh water should be added in small portions, gradually.
In cold water aquariums when pouring water should not be heated. For warm-water aquariums, it is best to use water 1-2 degrees warmer than water. aquarium.
Partial change of water is carried out in violation of the oxygen regime (if the fish suffocate), while cleaning the bottom and glasses. But you should try to minimize even a partial change of water. When changing water or cleaning aquarium fish do not need to catch.
A complete change of water is a last resort and should be carried out in exceptional cases: in case of illness and death of fish, the appearance of parasitic microorganisms, etc. After a complete change of water, biological equilibrium must be established anew. And with a well-established stable regime, water may not change over the years.

note

Before you start a fish in the aquarium (or even buy them), find out how these fish get along with each other. And do not immediately run into the aquarium a lot of fish - they are too much upset the biological balance of the aquarium, as a result, they may die.

Helpful advice

Before placing the fish in tap water, let it stand at room temperature for at least two days, so that chlorine escapes from it. Water is defended in enameled, glass, clay, plastic dishes for food.

How often it is necessary to change the water in the aquarium :: how often it is necessary to feed the fish in the aquarium :: Aquarium fish

How often should I change the water in the aquarium

In the aquarium periodically accumulated waste of fish and microorganisms, as well as harmful substances such as phosphates and nitrates. To get rid of them will help partial or complete replacement of water.

The question "opened a pet shop. Business is not going. What to do?" - 2 answers

You will need

  • - watering can;
  • - 2 clean buckets;
  • - 2 m of aquarium hose or primer;
  • - a towel.

Instruction

1. If you have just purchased an aquarium, planted aquatic plants and launched fish in it, then you should not change the water in it during the first two months. At this time, the environment is not yet stable and it is not yet necessary to interfere in the formation of a microclimate.

2. After a couple of months, you can begin to replace the water. Experienced aquarists advise, as rarely as possible to resort to a complete replacement of water in the aquarium, but to replace a small amount of water, approximately 20% of the volume of the container must be made at least once a week.

3. To do this, prepare the water in advance. Put it in clean plastic buckets, which should only be used to work with the aquarium. At the same time, they should not be washed with any cleaning agents, as they can have a detrimental effect on aquatic inhabitants. Let the water stand for a couple of days. During this time, harmful substances such as chlorine will disappear. The water will become softer and acquire an optimum room temperature. If necessary, strain the water to remove impurities.

4. Put a clean bucket on the towel. Then drain 1/5 of the water from the aquarium with a hose. Put one end of it in the aquarium, then suck in a little air through the second, thanks to this intake, the water will flow into the bucket.

5. Clean the bottom and walls of the aquarium from organic matter accumulated on them. For garbage collection, use a special siphon or primer. Then pour in the separated water with a watering can.

6. Sometimes it is necessary to replace more water to half the volume of the aquarium. This disrupts the biological balance in the aquarium environment, so this procedure should be performed only in emergency cases, for example, if the fish began to be etched with copper or nitrates. With such a cardinal water change, some plants and fish can die, but within a week the microflora will recover and you can continue to care for the aquarium, as usual, replacing a fifth of the water weekly.

7. Such a cardinal measure, as a complete replacement of water, should be carried out as a last resort, if the aquarium begins to flourish rapidly, fungal mucus appears, and the water in it is constantly turbid. This is usually due to improper maintenance of the aquarium or when introducing dangerous microorganisms.

8. When water is completely replaced, it is necessary to remove all the inhabitants, drain the water completely, remove all plants and decor. Then rinse everything thoroughly, plant algae again, install equipment, pour in soft water. Run microorganisms, bacteria and fish. The first water change will need to begin only after 2-3 months.

How to make the water in the aquarium clear?

Radulov

no more than once a week should be changed in an aquarium any more than one third of the volume of the aquarium. the first three to four days, water can become color like unhealthy milk. This is normal !!! It is not necessary to do anything in this case, this is a normal biological process (bacteria develop). The main reason for the turbidity of the water - it perekorm. Currently, the temperature in the aquarium (and not only there) is high and the food decomposes very quickly. I recommend feeding the discus feed in the summer (Tetra Diskus, Tetra Diskus Energy Food), as it is less decomposed in warm water. As a means for instant water purification from cloudiness of any kind, I suggest using TetraAuqva CrystalWaterr - this is just super cp

Alexander de Gurko

Sometimes it happens after substitution by separated water, the water becomes cloudy, perhaps this is due to the fact that it is very hot now and ciliates reproduce very well. Therefore, recently I have been replacing water directly from the water supply system (up to 20% is not terrible) + I add 1 hour spoonful of salt to 10 liters, by the way, swordtails and gups love salted water. I also advise you to check the filter, perhaps it would be time to clean or replace it, set it to the maximum flow, adjust it in depth, the deeper the flow the smaller and filtered according. less water. If the dregs remain can be added directly to the aquarium buvalno at the tip of the knife, a few grains of potassium permanganate helps, fish and plants will have nothing, you can still drop iodine 1-2 drops no more! ! Everything is checked personally, none of the fish was hurt, the water is clean as a tear)

Cozy ZooCooker

The water in the aquarium should not be changed more than once a week, not more than one third of the volume of the aquarium. the first three to four days, water can become color like unhealthy milk. This is normal !!! It is not necessary to do anything in this case, this is a normal biological process (bacteria develop). The main reason for the turbidity of the water - it perekorm. Currently, the temperature in the aquarium (and not only there) is high and the food decomposes very quickly. I recommend feeding the discus feed in the summer (Tetra Diskus, Tetra Diskus Energy Food), as it is less decomposed in warm water. As a means for instant water purification from cloudiness of any kind, I suggest using TetraAuqva CrystalWaterr - this is just a super tool !!! Not expensive, there is almost every store.

Elena Gabrielyan

First of all, do not touch the aquarium unnecessarily, pick up the filter correctly (it should pump 5-10 volumes per hour) until it is completely clogged, feed the fish less and give just enough to feed them completely within 1-2 minutes and once a week arrange small fish fasting day.

How to achieve perfect water clarity in an aquarium

Moneypenny, Jane Moneypenny!

1. Do not start large fish, digging the ground and raising the dregs from the bottom (goldfish primarily, as well as catfish - corridoros, speckled in particular, they simply “plow” the soil in search of food).
2. The aquarium should be large enough (from 100 liters)
3. Do not overcrowd aquarium.
4. Do not overfeed fish.
5. Use high-quality feed, and in general it is desirable to give preference to live feed.
6. Powerful efficient filtering system. I will share a secret: filtering material from the filter should not be washed under the tap water, bleach contained in the water and God knows that the microorganisms that settled there during the filtration period create a biological equilibrium. Ideally, the filter sponges are washed in water drained from the aquarium during harvesting.
7. Compliance with the light regime (a lot of light - algae will be bred, not enough - not enough for plant photosynthesis)
8. Do not move aquatic animals to fish (turtles, Cuban frogs, newts, axolotls ...)
9.To clean the bottom with a dirt spreader in time and clean the inner surface of the glass with a special scraper with a blade or sponge.
10. To put a cladofor in a tank in an aquarium is a live filter!

Roman of Eden

The "imperfectly clear" water in the aquarium may be because:
- "lifted turbidity from the bottom";
- bacteria multiplied - the so-called bacterial murk.
Hence the treatment:
- clean the aquarium and use filters;
- to establish the same biological balance.
But, of course, the best advice would give on aquarium forums. For example //www.aqa.ru/forum/vt131190 - this is specifically your question. And //www.aqa.ru/forum/vt135980 too

In the aquarium, the water became green and muddy. I tried to replace the same with 50% a day. How to make the water clear?

Irish @

You have an aquarium in bloom ... There is an air conditioner for quick elimination of water blooming ... But in the future you need to understand why this happens. Sunlight is not suitable for lighting, you need artificial lighting. 50% substitution is not allowed! Lots of! In avas, and so the balance is disturbed, so you undermine it even more. Substitution of 10-15% and no more, but stable, preferably once a week ... (it all depends on the fish, if the fish are demanding, then the substitution is done every day). Good luck!

Yury Balashov

The fight against evulennoy (green water).
1. Complete blackout of the aquarium for several days. (But it is necessary to put the compressor.)
2. Water treatment with a UV lamp.
3. Let the willow branch into the aquarium. As soon as the roots begin to grow on this branch - all the greens will disappear.
4. Land the fish, and run a lot of living daphnia - it will devour all the algae and the water will clear.
5. A bag of activated carbon in the aquarium for several days.
6. Double-molded mollusks, Druza zebra mussel cleans literally in 2-3 hours and forever.
7. Iron vitriol very quickly helps.
8. CHEMISTRY. Pour in Sera Algovec and after 20 minutes the water is clear and enough for 2 weeks.
9. Dimming does not always help for a long time, unfortunately.
10. Do not feed the fish until complete purification of the water.
11. Do not substitute water, fresh water gives the stimulus to reproduction euglena.
12. Wash the filter, only the cat will become clogged.
13. Lighting limit to 6 hours.
In any case, do not forget about the mandatory aeration during flowering, especially at night - euglena in the dark will take out all the oxygen and allow carbonic acid - the fish can die from suffocation.
Good luck.

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