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How to install an internal filter in the aquarium

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How to install and use aquarium filters

The aquarium filter performs a cleaning function, removing chemical and mechanical impurities from the water. In order for it to function correctly, it must be correctly placed in the tank. From his work depends on the life of all the inhabitants of the aquarium.

How to put internal filters?

Internal filters are installed inside the aquarium. The most popular - internal pump filters and airlift. They are inexpensive, they are easy to install yourself, they are convenient to use during operation. However, these mechanisms have their drawbacks - they must be cleaned of dirt almost every day, they are overall and noisy. Before purchasing such a water purifier, determine whether it fits in your tank.

Will it be possible to install the internal filter correctly the first time? Completely if you carefully read the instructions. The device must be placed in the tank when it is half filled with water, when there are plants planted in the soil. Before turning on the filter in the network, it should be assembled in parts, and mounted on the wall or above the aquarium.

Water purification devices such as internal filters should be completely immersed in the aquatic environment. Above the filter should be another 3 cm of water. The device itself should not touch the bottom. If you bought an internal filter, or made it yourself, then attach it correctly using suction cups to the glass wall.

See how to disassemble, assemble and install the internal filter.

Included with the branded filter is a hose for air supply. In the homemade device, it should also be present, however, the principle of attachment is the same. Take one end of the tube and attach it to the special opening of the filter, the other end of it out above the water and fix it with the help of the fastened material to the upper edge of the tank wall. The tube must be above the water level, otherwise the air will not be properly sucked.

On the tube or directly on the filter should be an air supply regulator. Its location affects the flow of water in the aquarium. After installing the water purification device, the regulator should be correctly set to the middle position. Then watch the behavior of the fish - some will love the flow of water, others will avoid it. Adjust the water flow level so that the fish feel comfortable.

Internal cleaners should be installed after they are completely immersed in water. Before you get it out of the water for cleaning, the device must be disconnected from the power supply. Also, do not leave the mechanism turned off in the water, and turn it on after a long period of stagnation (if you did not have time to clean it).

How to put external filters?

External filters are more bulky, and more expensive for the price. Despite the financial costs, these types of water purifiers have many advantages. The most important thing is fillers, which consist of filtering materials. Periodically they need to be replaced, which is quite simple to do.

See how to clean and replace the filler in the external filter.

External cleaners are not very noisy, they are suitable for spacious aquariums from 100 liters and more, they provide a biological method of water purification. In such an apparatus there may be several fillers: stones, sponge, rings, etc. Therefore, experienced craftsmen with the availability of skills make external filters with their own hands. The principle of operation of the external system of cleaning the reservoir: the aquarium water gradually pass through a special tank, in which there is a filler of filter materials. Then purified water flows back through the tube to the tank.

Clean this device is not difficult. The cleaning process should occur in the aquarium water itself, which must be drained into a separate container. Further filtering matter is gradually replaced. For example, a sponge cannot be replaced completely, but only a part of it. Cut off half of the old sponge and put a new one in its place. After a few days, useful bacteria multiply in it, and the biological environment will not be disturbed.

To install an external device for water treatment correctly, you need to read the instructions. If it is homemade, then it must first be assembled by placing all the fillers with sponges in their cells. It is also required to close both cranes where the tubes are connected.

The device will be able to function properly if it is installed below the water level (20 cm). To the external filter are 2 tubes that take water and release it. They need to be fixed on opposite corners of the tank. When all parts are connected to a fully assembled device, it will need to be filled with aquarium water using a drain. Otherwise, the air from the tubes will not allow the device to function properly.

To release the air plugs, you must connect and open a hose that takes water. Wait for the filter to fill with water. Do not allow water to flow out of the hole for the second tube. After filling the unit, turn off the inlet hose.

After that you need to connect a hose that releases water. To do this, turn off its valve, and water will accumulate in the hose. Only after these procedures can you connect it to the system of water intake from the tank. You can later open two taps and connect an external filter to the power supply. Only with the observance of all the rules of safety and operation, the mechanism will work as it should. Never turn on the machine if you notice mechanical damage on it. Be careful in working with aquarium equipment to ensure a comfortable life for fish and plants.

How to install a filter in the aquarium?

The organization of a home aquarium is always associated with the need to install an internal filter. It is simply necessary for the normal existence of fish, as it saturates water with oxygen, improves the circulation of water, and mechanically purifies water. But for beginner aquarists, this often becomes a problem, and they wonder how to install an aquarium internal filter.

How to install aquarium filter?

The internal filter is called internal because it is completely immersed in water. The water level above it, depending on the depth of the aquarium, should be from five to eight centimeters.

The filter is attached to the wall of the aquarium with the help of special suction cups, which in most cases are included in the kit.

A flexible transparent tube, which is called an air vent hose and is designed to supply air, at one end is attached to the spout of the filter, and the other is led outside the aquarium. The tip of the air vent hose, located outside the aquarium, should be located higher than that attached to the filter nozzle.

In addition, when installing the filter should pay attention to the fact that the power of the air supply can be changed using a special regulator, which is either at the tip of the air vent hose, or on the spout of the filter. At first, put it in the middle position. And you can adjust the position you need, looking at the fish. There are types of fish that love a strong current, and there are also those that do not tolerate it. With a weak power level, the bubble filter may not be, in this case, a slight wave of water will tell about its proper operation.

After the installation of the aquarium filter is completed, and all parts are connected, you can connect it to the mains. And for the future it should be remembered that any manipulations in the aquarium should be carried out with the filter turned off from the outlet.

Choose a filter for the aquarium

The aquarium filter is a device that cleans a decorative aquarium in which fish, plants and other animals live. Filters for an aquarium do not only clean the water, but also the soil, so these devices can be of various kinds. Which is better to install a filter for an aquarium? In this matter it is necessary to understand in detail, given the functionality and purpose of the equipment.

Types of filtering devices for aquariums

Filtering devices are characterized by the features of the design position and a set of functions. Therefore, they are of the following types:

  • External;
  • Internal;
  • Hinged;
  • Bottom.

Internal filters for the aquarium - they need to be installed inside the tank. These are the most famous devices for cleaning home pond. It is better to buy those who start the aquarium business, because they are inexpensive and easy to operate. Their main drawback is the bulkiness, which occupies a considerable area inside the aquascape.

Watch the video story about the internal filter.

External filters for the aquarium - they are preferred by experienced aquarists. This type of device is installed on the outside near the tank, and 2 tubes are placed in the water. The first one pumps out stale water, the second one pumps clean after the cleaning process. The advantage of an external device is a high level of efficiency, ergonomics. Such equipment is more expensive and takes up a large space behind the aquarium.

Mounted filters for aquarium - this type of device is installed near the wall of the tank, and the mechanism with the filter is lowered into the water. While he gained wide popularity among fans.

Bottom filters for the aquarium (false) - the filter plate of the device is laid out on the bottom of the tank, and on top is lined with a soil substrate. Cleans the soil and water from harmful impurities that remain after uneaten feed. The filtration process starts from the bottom, and goes up, as a result, the water is purified twice - through the filter and through the soil. The disadvantage of such installations is a low degree of performance, a complex operation scheme. They are not installed in spacious tanks.

Varieties of elements for filtering aquarium environment

The process of filtration inside the aquarium is of these types:

  • Mechanical (grains of small debris are separated);
  • Biochemical (harmful substances and impurities are neutralized).

These functions are performed by filtering elements that are present in the device. They remove a certain amount of accumulated dirt, freeing water space from harmful substances.

Sponge filter - inside the mechanism there is a sponge filter element, of a large-porous or fine-pore structure. Dirty water is absorbed by pressure, it passes through the pores of the spongy material, and leaves mechanical debris on it (uneaten food, plants, extraneous fragments). After a week of continuous work, colonies of beneficial bacteria will appear on the sponge, which will function as a biological "filter", freeing water from accumulated nitrates and methane. Spongy tissue needs cleaning every 14 days. Permissible terms of cleaning the sponge are given in the instruction manual of the device.


Activated carbon is a filler for an aquarium filter that purifies water qualitatively thanks to its pronounced chemical properties. However, when using activated carbon, you need to be careful: the full saturation of the sorbent with harmful impurities, can give a backlash. Harmful substances with excessive accumulation in the coal, will be thrown back into the water, which is fraught with negative consequences for all inhabitants of the aquarium. Better use other types of cleaners.

Biological fillers from multi-pore ceramics are popular in modern aquariums. These are ceramic balls, the surface layer of which quickly accumulates in beneficial microorganisms that create millions of colonies. Biological treatment in this case increases several times. Ceramic cleaning devices are used simultaneously with mechanical filters.

Watch the video about the external aquarium filter.

How to choose a filter device

Which filter is better to choose for a home aquarium? All filtering installations to some extent well cope with their functions. All manufacturers of cleaners provide a wide range of devices that have their own advantages and disadvantages. Before buying an appliance, consult with experienced aquarists and vendors.

  1. For a spacious tank you can buy an internal filter. There is a good brand of aquarium filters called "Aquael Fan", which produces cleaning mechanisms in Poland. Devices of this brand are easily operated, reliable in use, and do an excellent job of cleaning the water environment. They also saturate the water with oxygen (produce aeration).

  1. Equipment of the German company "Eheim" are in great demand among aquarists. The cleaning devices of this manufacturer are noiseless; they can be used in tanks of any capacity. They perfectly save the internal space in the aquarium. You can purchase an external filter, but it can be expensive.
  2. Another good cleaning plant Polish manufacturer "Aquael UNIMAX". They are inexpensive, high quality and effective.

  1. The famous German company "Tetra", in addition to fish feed, also produces biological water purifiers. They perfectly remove pollution, are able to work without replacing the filter elements for at least six months.
  2. Bottom filters for aquariums also come from different manufacturers. Their prices are relatively low, but their maintenance takes longer. Famous manufacturers of bottom filters: Aquarel, Eheim, Resun.

The location of the filter in the aquarium

An aquarium is a biosystem, a living organism, in order to maintain its viability it is necessary to have special equipment. It is internal and external, basic and additional.

The main equipment is considered to be: compressors that saturate the water with oxygen, filters for water purification, water heaters, to save the selected temperature mode and lamps to illuminate the aquarium.

Internal filters combine two functions: supplying oxygen and purifying water. Internal filters include a pump that pumps water and a filter element, which can be located both outside and inside the filter housing. Installation of the internal filter is extremely simple. The location of the filter in the aquarium is as follows: it is attached to the side wall of the aquarium, next to the rear window. The pump of this filter must be completely in the water. Above the surface of the water there remains only an oxygen hose for taking air and passing it through the pump to the aquarium.

External filters are placed in a cabinet - stand. In the aquarium there are 2 tubes for drawing water into the filter and for supplying clean water. The filter consists of a pump that is installed on top of the filter, as well as a filter housing with filter material in it. During the installation of the filter in the cabinet - stand, you need to make sure that the hoses that connect the tubes and the filter are located freely. The intake tube is placed vertically in the aquarium, about 5 centimeters from the ground, in turn, the tube for feeding water from the filter is installed in the upper part of the aquarium and can be located both under water and above water, taking into account the tasks assigned to the filter.

External filters are designed only to purify water, and a compressor is used to supply oxygen to water.

How to put the filter in the aquarium:

  1. Open the filter, unfasten the covers, then remove the engine.

  2. Pull out the basket with filter elements. In the penultimate basket - activated carbon, remove the packaging from it. Then put the mesh with coal in the basket.

  3. Lower the basket into the filter.

  4. Reinstall the engine and close the covers.

  5. Install the water intake tube into the aquarium through the technological opening, putting the tip on it beforehand. For fixing you need to use suction cups.

  6. Attach to the tube a hose of the desired diameter. This hose can be immersed in hot water for a short time, so that it is easier to put on the tube. Additional mounts here is not required.

  7. Place the "in" tap on the hose. Hold the end of the hose in hot water before installation.

  8. Install a water supply pipe in technological opening 2. Attach the hose to it, the smallest in diameter "out".

  9. Taps should be attached to the filter with gray washers.

  10. Place the filter next to the cabinet.

Internal filter for aquarium

A variety of internal filters in our stores recently pleasantly pleased. Along with this, lovers of aquarium fish have a question, which filter is better? The choice of filter depends on the size of the aquarium, and on the number and sensitivity of the fish living in it. Quite often, internal filters are used to clean the water in aquariums. They are simple and versatile.

Main functions:

  • mechanical filtration;
  • biological filtration;
  • water circulation;
  • aeration.

The design of the internal filter for the aquarium is quite simple. The filter itself is small, consists of a pump with a foam sponge and a pump. If the sponge is very clogged and cannot be cleaned, it can be replaced. Насос представляет собой электромотор, в котором неподвижная обмотка спрятана в герметичном корпусе, что предотвращает попадание воды в насос.

В целом, все внутренние фильтры для аквариума устроены по одному принципу: в верхней части устройства стоит насос, который прокачивает воду через фильтрующий материал, очищая ее от грязи и насыщая кислородом.

Выбор внутреннего фильтра для аквариума

Before you buy a filter, you need to pay attention to the power of its compressor and filter material. The larger the volume of the aquarium, the more powerful the compressor should be, typically up to 1200 liters per hour. Most often, a foam sponge is used as a filtrate, in some filters there is a compartment in which you can put special fillers in the form of sand, stone, etc. The volume of filter material - up to 700 sq. Cm.

The most important criterion when choosing an internal filter is the volume of the aquarium itself, it should not exceed 180 liters, the limit is 200 liters. Also, when choosing an internal filter for an aquarium, you need to remember that if this type of filter can provide water purification in an aquarium with a large volume of water, then its dimensions will be too large. In this case, it is worth choosing a different type of filter.

Installing the internal filter in the aquarium

This is not such a laborious process. It is enough to fix the filter on the side or back wall of the aquarium with the help of suction cups, in an inconspicuous and convenient place. filter in the aquarium horizontally to the bottom, directing the stream upwards.

In order not to waste money, some amateurs prefer to install homemade internal filters in the aquarium. The advantages of this design are: low price; free choice of fillers; universal design, etc. But, unfortunately, there are much more disadvantages in this self-made filter:

  • large size - takes up a lot of space in the aquarium;
  • gaps remain between the elements and water seeps into the filter;
  • often unaesthetic look.

Therefore, it is better to purchase a good filter and not waste precious time assembling a very inconvenient device.

INTERNAL FILTER FOR AQUARIUM. DISASSEMBLY, ASSEMBLING AND INSTALLING ON AN EXAMPLE OF ATMAN PF-400

Internal mini filter resun!

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