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Why is the water in the aquarium white and muddy

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Causes of water turbidity and how to deal with it

Muddy water in an aquarium is a common phenomenon that almost every aquarist has encountered. Sometimes the causes of the problem are found quickly, and sometimes it takes a long time to figure out why the water has become cloudy. How to deal with the formation of turbidity, what is recommended to do and what is not?

When does water appear in the water?

The causes of muddy water in an aquarium can be varied, and it is not as easy to deal with them as it seems at first glance.

  1. Turbidity can occur due to swimming in the pond of small particles of algae, solid organics and cyanobacteria. There is another unobtrusive reason - poor washing of the aquarium soil and inaccurate pouring water from a clean tank. This type of turbidity does not threaten the water and the fish, you can do nothing with it. After some time, the muddy part of the water will settle, or seep into the filter, remaining there. The formation of turbidity can provoke fish who love to plow the ground, but these actions for the reservoir are completely harmless.


  1. Turbid water in an aquarium can be caused by cichlids, goldfish and tail finch fish - their active movement in a reservoir is the cause of the resulting turbidity. If a filter is not installed in the tank, it will be difficult to clean the water.
  2. Often, muddy water appears after the first start of the aquarium, after the fresh water inlet. Nothing to do, in a day or two the sediment will fall to the ground and disappear. The mistake of novice aquarists is a partial or complete renewal of water, which is considered a gross error. When adding new water to a newly launched aquarium, the bacteria will become even more! If the aquarium is small, you can install a sponge filter that quickly cleans the pond.

Watch the video about the device and the operation of the internal filter.

  1. Malicious bacteria in an aquarium can also be causes of turbidity. When the water becomes green, then it's time to draw conclusions - this is an unnatural color. Muddy and green water is formed due to overcrowding of the aquarium with fish or plants. That is, the aquarium fluid passes through the filter, but is not cleaned. The abundance of metabolic products provokes the formation of putrefactive microorganisms, ciliates and other unicellular. If ciliates are beneficial, the bacteria can harm the plants - they will start to rot. In order not to be surprised why fish and plants often get sick - watch the aquarium clean and tidy.

  1. Why still breed single-celled? Because you do not have time to clean the tank after heavy feeding. For aquarism it is better to underfeed than to feed. This rule will protect the fish from problems. After overfeeding again the water got cloudy - what to do? Arrange a pet unloading diet for a couple of days, the bacteria will die out, the water biobalance will be restored.

  1. Incorrectly installed decoration. Snags, plastic materials of poor quality dissolve in water, forming a muddy shade. If the scenery is new wooden, but untreated - they can be boiled or infused in salt solution. Plastic snags should be replaced by new ones.
  2. In the old, stagnant nursery with fish sediment is formed due to "whiteness after fish treatment", this is when drugs and purification chemistry for aquarium glass were used in the pond. Such substances have a number of side effects, they disrupt the biological equilibrium, neutralizing the favorable microflora.

How to overcome turbidity in water?

Now we know the reasons why the water grows cloudy in the aquarium, and what to do in each case. However, there are general rules, without which it is impossible to completely eliminate the problem.

  1. Siphonte the soil in the aquarium. Open the filter, rinse and clean. Then add activated carbon to it - this needs to be done to absorb harmful substances. It is forbidden to make a complete replacement of water and washing the aquarium soil, otherwise the beneficial bacteria will die out and will not be able to process rot and algae.

See how to siphon the soil in the aquarium.

  1. In some cases, it is necessary to do an intensive aeration of the aquarium - when there are a lot of fish feed residues and a fasting day is not enough. Oxygen will quickly remove excess organics.
  2. If an unpleasant smell disappears in an aquarium, it means that the struggle with mist is over successfully. Also for elimination of bacterial turbidity it is possible to use elodeya, having landed it superficially in a ground.

Dregs in the water: types

The color of turbidity will tell about the sources of its formation:

  • The water color is greenish - single-celled algae reproduce;
  • Brown water - peat, humic and tannins, poorly processed snags;
  • Milky white color - unicellular bacteria begin to multiply;
  • The color of the water coincides with the color of the soil or of a stone recently laid on it, which means that the soil was plowed by fish, or the stone turned out to be fragile.

Drugs that prevent the appearance of turbid sediment

  1. Aquarium coal is absorbent, which is added after cleaning the tank to the filter for a period of 2 weeks. After extraction, you can fill in a new batch there.


  1. Tetra Aqua CrystalWater is a tool that binds small particles of dirt into one, after which they can be removed or passed through a filter. After 8-12 hours the reservoir will be crystal clear. Dosage - 100 ml per 200 liters of water.
  2. Sera Aquaria Clear - also binds sediment particles, passing it through the filter. During the day, dirt can be removed from the cassette. The drug does not contain harmful substances.
  • Before adding sorbents to water, it is better to move the fish to another container.

Conclusion

In order to avoid turbid water, it is necessary to control the level of nitrates, nitrites and ammonia. They stand out as a result of the vital activity of fish, plants and improper care of the water body. Therefore, fish should be settled in the tank, the size of which corresponds to its volume. Proper feeding of pets, timely cleaning of the products of their vital activity, removal of rotten plants will settle the water balance. If there is no mechanical or biological filter in the aquarium, replace 30% of the water weekly with fresh and sedimented. Do not add water from the pipeline with the smell of chlorine or boiled.

See also: What water to pour into the aquarium with fish?

Why does the water quickly grow turbid?

Muddy water in an aquarium with fish is perhaps the most common problem that concerns both beginners and experienced aquarists. Through trial and error, we have to figure out why muddy water appeared so quickly. The causes of this phenomenon can be different, ranging from a bacterial outbreak, improper feeding and irregular water renewal. A number of factors may also be the source of this problem. When the elimination or elimination of the causative agent of water turbidity in an aquarium occurs quickly, then the biological balance in the water is fully restored.

Sometimes this trouble provokes the death of fish, plants and invisible microorganisms. The first thing to do is to find out why the water becomes cloudy quickly. The second is to gradually eliminate shortcomings.

Causes of Aquarium Water Turbidity

Why is the aquarium water quickly dimmed if the tank is equipped with a filter? The main problem is that on the very first day of the launch of the aquarium there is no holistic and permanent biological environment. The so-called "bacterial explosion" is caused by an active increase in the number of unicellular microorganisms that are constantly multiplying. In this case, the fish should not be settled, it is better to do it on another day. When microflora equilibrates in the tank, then the water will become crystal clear. Nothing serious needs to be done - this sediment will pass by itself. If you decide to change the water - it will again become muddy and unfit for life.

For 4-7 days the aquatic environment is fully restored, you can run plants and fish into it. To speed up the process, you can add water after the old aquarium with "residential" water.

Another common problem with the rapid turbidity of water in an aquarium is poor filtration of the reservoir. It should be well thought out system of purification, and this should be done quickly, until the young fish and did not have time to get used to a new house. A bad filter does not allow bits of dirt, feces, food debris, provoking the formation of decomposition products. Such rotten water constantly stinks and can cause diseases.

Watch a video about filtering water in an aquarium.

Why still water quickly becomes cloudy? If it has become an unpleasant green color, dimmed in a short time - it means that microscopic blue-green algae develop in it, which lead to the flowering of the reservoir. With good development of organic and strong light, they make themselves felt on the fifth day. When the light is not enough, cyanobacteria will acquire a brown color and begin to rot. Green color of the liquid with muddy, unpleasant smell - signs of growth of blue-green algae.


Aquarium water turbidity: action

If frequent water changes, the growth of bacteria and algae provoked the appearance of muddy water in the aquarium, some steps should be taken to eliminate the problem.

  1. If your aquarium is overpopulated, place the fish in different tanks, where they would be comfortable and spacious.
  2. If there is an excess of light, shade the aquarium by setting it in a secluded corner where strong lighting does not go.
  3. If the water becomes cloudy the next day after the first feeding, make a bottom siphon and feed the fish in small portions.
  4. Settle snails and fish in an aquarium that eat leftover food, clean glass and water in a tank. After a few days, the water will become free of dirt, and will not require additional replacement.


Wrong settlement of fish as a reason for the rapid turbidity of water

Why 2-3 days after the settlement of fish water became muddy? The fact is that for every one liter of water in the tank it is required to settle only one medium fish. If you run more pets, there will be problems with the pollution of the "house". Some fish plow the ground, and if there are many such individuals, it will turn into an underwater hurricane. Immediately move the fish in different aquariums, provide enough space for them. It is also important that they have enough oxygen, shelters and plants. In poor water oxygen to the fish can get sick.

In the aquarium with proper care and the right equipment, the water on the second day will not deteriorate. After running the fish, make sure that it adapts to the new environment. For 3 liters of water it is necessary to settle the fish size of 3-5 cm.

If the water is cloudy, you can use drugs that purify water from turbidity and dirt. After using them, water changes in the aquarium are not required for a few more days. They connect all the small particles that spoil the water until they fall into the filter. The next day, the entire bacterial cloud, small algae settle on the filter sponge, after which they can be removed.

These are the drugs: JBL Clearol, JBL Clynol, Seachem Clarity, Sera Aquaria Clear.

Watch a video about water changes.

How to change the aquarium water?

Full replacement of water is required only in the rarest cases, for example, with general quarantine or water poisoning. Why not do this procedure often? Because the day after the complete substitution, you will notice how the water turned cloudy again. A significant loss of its volume is stress for all inhabitants of the reservoir. Even during the death of some fish do not replace the water. But there are a number of recommendations, after studying which it is possible to understand why substitutions are necessary.

  • Substitutions are necessary after the introduction of pathogenic microorganisms;
  • Replacements are required after visible flowering of the reservoir;
  • Urgent water changes are necessary when a fungal mucus is detected;
  • Refresh water is required due to severe soil contamination.

You can add water to the tank as it evaporates, but not more than 20-30% of the total volume. It is best to update 1/5 of the aquarium once a week. After the procedure, the biocenosis will recover in 2 days. With the replacement of water cleaned the glass from plaque, remove debris from the bottom, clean snags and decorations.

It is better to plan a water change for both small and large reservoirs in advance. Type in a glass tank water from the tap, and leave it for a few days, covered with gauze. Chlorine and gas will evaporate, the liquid will be safe for fish. And it should be remembered that in the first week of operation of the aquarium the water is not changed until an ecosystem is formed in it.

Why does the water in the aquarium grow muddy?: Start the aquarium; muddy water :: Aquarium fish.

Tip 1: Why the water becomes cloudy in the aquarium

Muddy water in an aquarium is a common problem that even experienced aquarists sometimes face. It can be fatal for your fish. To avoid this, you need to understand the causes of this trouble and eliminate them.

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From what the water in the aquarium muddy

An aquarium is a microworld where organisms appear and die. It consists of a fine interconnection of fish, plants and bacteria.
When you create a new aquarium in a few days there is a huge number of bacteria, excessively breeding in water. This leads to its turbidity. This process is quite normal and natural. Before you run the fish in the aquarium with new water, you just need to wait a few days until it clears itself. Due to lack of food, most bacteria will become extinct, and the biological balance of water will normalize. To change the water in this case is strictly prohibited, because it also becomes cloudy. It is best to add some water from the old aquarium, where the balance has long been established. If this is not available, nothing terrible, the balance in the water itself is settled, it just takes more time for this.
Another cause of muddy water can be overfeeding fish. Excess feed, which your pets do not have time to eat, sink to the bottom and begin to rot. As a result, the water begins to deteriorate. In such an environment, the inhabitants of the aquarium can not feel good, and their long stay in bad water will destroy.
When a large number of fish in the aquarium and, at the same time, poor filtration of water, there is its turbidity. The inhabitants of such an environment will certainly begin to poison the body with decay products, which will lead to their death.
The cause of muddy water can be algae. There is a certain species that, if overproduced, leads to a turbid environment in the aquarium and at the same time emits an unpleasant odor. Another problem may be excessive light or accumulation of excess organic matter at the bottom, which stimulates the rapid growth of microscopic algae, and as a result water will bloom. It becomes opaque with a greenish tinge. With a lack of light, the plants in the aquarium will turn brown and begin to rot, which will ruin the habitat of the fish and harm their health.

What to do with muddy water in the aquarium

To deal with muddy water is not difficult, the main thing is to understand the causes of turbidity and follow certain rules in the future.
First you need to determine the cause of the turbidity of the water. If it consists in overpopulation of the aquarium, then it is necessary to strengthen the filtering or move some fish to another place. If the reason is the accumulation of excess feed on the bottom, then you need to reduce the dose of food or purchase bottom fish that will eat up the settled food. If there is a problem with lighting, you need to darken the aquarium or enhance the light. To prevent the rapid growth of algae, it is recommended to start fish or snails that eat plants. In order to maintain biological balance in an aquarium, it is imperative to have a good filter that matches the size of the water tank. You need to understand that in the aquarium the water is alive, and to maintain balance you need to maintain certain conditions. It does not recommend the use of chemicals, they can lead to even greater environmental disturbance and will require a longer recovery.
In maintaining balance in water, its change plays an important role. After launching a new aquarium, it is not necessary to change the water for 2-3 months until the balance is improved. In the future, the water should be replaced 1-2 times a month. At the same time merging only 1/5 of the total volume of the aquarium and adding as many new ones. If you change more than half, then the habitat is disturbed, which will lead to the death of the fish. In small aquariums, water can be replaced less frequently, provided there is a good filter.

Tip 2: Why the water becomes cloudy

A properly equipped and properly maintained aquarium in which biological balance is maintained may not require changing water for a long time. The problem of water turbidity often occurs in novice aquarists, who believe that caring for fish is only in abundant and timely feeding.

Instruction

1. The water becomes turbid due to small particles of soil that have been washed out of it, which are washed out during careless filling of the aquarium with water. After they settle to the bottom, the water will again become clear. Do not replace water completely when it is not required. При помощи резиновой или стеклянной трубки периодически убирайте грязь, скапливающуюся на дне, и добавляйте необходимое количество свежей воды, следя за тем, чтобы ее температура совпадала с водой, находящейся в аквариуме.

2. Вода может помутнеть и в новом, только что оборудованном аквариуме, вследствие размножения одноклеточных организмов. Это явление носит название "инфузорная муть". Не торопитесь заселять подготовленный и залитый водой аквариум, подождите несколько дней. Another harmless cause of turbidity - loosening of the soil by fish digging in it - is easily eliminated by placing a layer of thoroughly washed sand on the bottom.

3. The turbidity of the water can be caused by the appearance of a large number of putrefactive bacteria that are very harmful to fish and plants due to too high a concentration of fish in the aquarium or improper feeding. Follow one of the basic rules of aquarism: "It is better to underfeed than overfeed."

4. If you forget to clean up the remnants of food and rotting plants in time, this can also provoke a rapid reproduction of bacteria. In addition, turbidity can be caused by poor filtration and blowing of water, as a result of which accumulation of metabolic products occurs in the aquarium, which serve as an ideal medium for mass reproduction and feeding of bacteria. To avoid such consequences, squander excess fish and improve the filtration system.

Related videos

Refuse dry feeds or give them a little and watch them to be eaten as soon as possible. Place in the aquarium snails, which are willing to clean up edible remains.

What to do if the water in the aquarium dimmed :: The water in the aquarium dimmed what to do :: Care and education

What to do if the water in the aquarium dims

Novice aquarists often encounter the phenomenon of clouding the water in an aquarium. This can happen for various reasons and it is important to know how to solve this problem quickly, so as not to harm its inhabitants.

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Some newcomers are in a hurry to equip their first aquarium and populate it with fish. Therefore, after a few hours, the water becomes turbid with a whitish tinge. This is due to the violation of the biological balance - the number of bacteria increases dramatically. Water must first go through a period of "ripening". To do this, you first need to plant aquarium plants, pour the water that has settled for two days and leave the aquarium for several days. During this time, the water will become transparent, sometimes slightly greenish. Biological balance will be restored and now you can run the fish.

In some cases, and in a long-functioning aquarium, the mass reproduction of bacteria begins, this happens when there are a lot of fish and the aquarium is not cared for. In this case, you should do a general cleaning. Sow the fish in another container, clean the soil, remove excess plants, replace the water and wait a few days until the water is clear - the balance will not return to normal.

Sometimes water can become cloudy if you give a lot of dry food. Fish eat it poorly, the remnants begin to rot, which contributes to the proliferation of bacteria. Therefore, it is recommended to switch to the use of live food, for example, bloodworms. It should be given at the rate of up to 5 pieces per medium fish. Also great help in the destruction of uneaten remnants of food provide snails, but their numbers also need to be controlled.

Under the wrong light, the water may turn green, become muddy, and a raid appears on the glasses, plants and decorations. This is due to the rapid increase in the amount of algae. In such cases, make the replacement of the third part of the water 1 time per week, run the fish that eat algae, strengthen or, conversely, reduce the lighting. Be sure to turn on water filtration. Remove plaque from windows with a special scraper.

The problem of turbidity is easier to prevent than to eliminate. Therefore, follow a few rules:

- do not change the water in the aquarium completely, except for emergency measures;
- adjust the amount of feed, normally it should be eaten by fish for 10-15 minutes;
- Watch the number of fish in the tank, do not allow overcrowding;
- regularly replace water;
- Do not forget to remove overgrown plants, clean the soil and filter the water.

Muddy Water in the aquarium / Why does the water in the aquarium grow turbid

Why is the water in the aquarium muddy and stinks?

User deleted

In general, there are a lot of reasons why water will deteriorate ... Improper lighting too much food is thrown into the water by the absence of filters in an aquarium, bacteria, etc.
For the night, the aquarium should be well treated first, then cleaned with boiled salted boiling water, the whole grund is boiled well in salt water, the algae should be examined if they are not bright green, not damaged, see if they are black dots if there is easier to throw out and buy New to heal, knowledge is needed, and you, I assume, are new to this, fish should be fed no more than once every 3 days and the food that you feed should be eaten in a minute and not set on the bottom of the aquarium and rot ...
after treatment, water must be poured at least 24 hours in the distance ... at least ...
Go to the pet store buy AKUTAN, this is a blue liquid, add it to the water at the rate of a cap of 10 liters ... and then run the fish for 3 days, the water will have a slightly white turbid but within 3 days it will change ... and the aquarium should stand in a dark place but have a good daylight lamp ... and do not forget about the number of fish at the rate of 1 fish 3-5 liters of water Ie per 10 liters of water no more than 2-3 fish of average size ... if possible, there should be a filter pump water should circulate and clean constantly good Other filters have cells for adding coal to ceramics. Well, they will tell you about this at the pet store, and so good luck, and if you ask anything ...

Condorita

Apparently, either pour water not previously defended, or algae are bred there.
With algae can fight. There are water snails that devour them.
And be sure to plant a water in the water - a crochet - sold in the market. A plant that protects water from "dirt."

Helena

Perhaps the filter does not work well or something got started there that it is difficult to remove it just by changing the water. It can be algae (small ones at all) and then you need to buy in the pet store a means to combat such algae. Or just try again not just to change the water, but even boil the soil and boil over everything that you have installed in the aquarium

Anya

damn, well, what are you ?? ? Why change the water then ?? ? it is so necessary! You see, you probably planted the plants there, so from the plants of day 2, the water must grow cloudy, and then everything will pass !! ! and do not change the water so often !!!! it is generally very rarely changed, and the fish will die then ... everything is fine with your aquarium

Knopochka

maybe you have a lot of fish and the aquarium is small. 1 liter of water 1 fish about. Try boiling pebbles all, maybe there are bacteria that bred and multiply very good. quickly, water poured into the aquarium. but in general, the smaller the aquarium, the more worries with it !! ! It very often needs to be washed. but if it becomes cloudy in one day, then you need to look for the cause, and the fish do not die ???

* N *

In the aquarium, fish need oxygen, a water filter, and even the water does not like a lot of light (it starts to bloom).
If there are pebbles and shells, they should be boiled, water should be boiled and water should be poured and boiled again for 2 hours, the aquarium should be washed with soda, the plants should be washed thoroughly. Before you pour water into the aquarium, you need to defend the water for 3 days, then pour it into the aquarium, then put oxygen into the water and after 20 minutes you can let the fish.

User deleted

The tank should be at least 25 liters. Otherwise, it will not be an aquarium, but crap! There necessarily need a filter and pump (bubbles). Sunlight should not be on the aquarium. Fish should be fed 2-3 times a day in small portions. Water changes no more than 30% at a time. Immediately start the fish can not be! It is necessary to first establish a biobalance. (about 4-5 days). Generally dig a good internet! You probably first have fish, then an aquarium, then plants, and then food. all the way around!

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