How much to feed the fish in the aquarium


Properly feed the fish - moderately and not often

One of the first questions that people ask sellers of aquarium fish - and how to feed them correctly? You may think that this is a simple question, but far from it. Of course, if you do not want to bother yourself, you can just throw a few flakes into the aquarium, but if you want your fish to be healthy, play with all the colors of the rainbow and delight you, then we will tell you how to properly feed the aquarium fish.

How much to feed the fish?

I would say that the majority of aquarists feed their fish correctly, but too often they have to see how over-feeding turns the jar into a foul-smelling swamp or fish that is so overwhelmed that they forget how to swim.

And it is easy to understand why this is happening. There is no specific standard, and feeding fish may not be an easy task for a beginner. The fact is that with the fish, we most interact during feeding. And so you want to feed them a little bit more.

And a novice aquarist feeds the fish, every time he sees that they are lonely asking for feed from the front glass. And most of the fish will ask for food even when they are about to burst (this applies especially to cichlids), and it is so hard to understand when it is already enough.

And yet - how often do you need and how many times to feed aquarium fish? Fish should be fed 1-2 times a day (for adult fish, fry and adolescents should be fed much more often), and with the amount of food they eat in 2-3 minutes. Ideally, no food would get to the bottom (but do not forget to feed catfish separately). We will immediately agree that we are not talking about herbivores, for example, ancistrus or brocade catfish. These eat almost around the clock, scraping algae. And do not worry, it is not necessary to carefully monitor each time if they ate, just a couple of times a week look.

Why is it so important not to overfeed the fish? The fact is that overfeeding negatively affects the state of the aquarium. Food falls to the bottom, gets into the ground, rots and starts to spoil the water, while serving as a nutrient base for harmful algae.
At the same time in the water accumulate nitrates and ammonia, which poison the fish and plants.
Dirty, algae-covered aquariums with sick fish are often the result of overfeeding and dirty water.

What to feed?

So, how to feed, we figured out ... And what to feed aquarium fish?
All feed for aquarium fish can be divided into four groups - branded, frozen, live food and vegetable food.

If you want to keep a healthy fish with a beautiful color, it is better to feed all kinds of these feeds. Of course, some fish can eat only live food, others only vegetable. But for ordinary fish, the ideal diet consists of branded feeds, regular feeding with live feeds, and not regular plant foods.

Branded feed - provided that you buy real ones, and not fake, can be the basis of the diet for most fish. Modern branded food for fish, contain all the necessary substances, vitamins and minerals, so that the fish was healthy. To buy such food is no longer a problem, and the choice is huge.
Separately, I will note the so-called dry food - dried gammarus, cyclops and daphnia. Extremely bad feeding option for any fish. Does not contain nutrients, poorly digested, allergen for people.
But do not use dry food - dried daphnia, there are almost no nutrients in it, fish suffer from stomach diseases and grow poorly!

Branded food - flakes, granules, pellets

Live food - one of the best fish feeds that need to be fed fish regularly. It is not necessary to feed the same species all the time, alternate, because fish loves diversity. Of the most common live food - bloodworm, tubule, koretra. But it also has serious drawbacks - you can bring diseases, poison the fish with poor-quality food, and you can’t carry out the bloodworm too often, it doesn’t digest the fish well. The simplest disinfection of live food is freezing, which kills some of the nastiness in it.


Frozen feed - for some, live food can be unpleasant, and women do not welcome the swarming worms in the refrigerator ... Therefore, there is an excellent alternative - frozen live food for fish. I choose them for feeding, as they are easy to dose, they are easily stored, do not deteriorate, and contain all those substances that are alive. And often you can buy a mix of live food, which will contain several species - bloodworm, artemia and coretre together.

Frozen feed

Vegetable feed - rarely find a fish that sometimes does not eat plants in nature. And for most types of fish, vegetable food is desirable. Of course, there are exceptions in every rule and predators will not eat grass. Be sure to read what kind of food prefers fish living in your aquarium.
Vegetable food can be bought as branded, in tablets or in the form of flakes, and added to the aquarium on their own. For example, antsistrusy eat zucchini, cucumbers and cabbage with pleasure.


If you follow these tips, you do not overfeed the fish, give it a nutritious diet full of nutrients, and as a result you will get a beautiful, healthy fish that will live for a long time. Feeding fish is the basis of their content, and you will not regret the time spent if you do everything right from the very beginning.

The secrets of aquarist: how often to feed the fish

The first, and perhaps the main question asked by novice aquarists - how and what to feed the fish. At the initial stage, this question raises great doubts. You can watch as the fish swim around the feeders gathering food, as much as you like, so beginners can overfeed pets, throwing handfuls of food to them all day. But do not forget that aquarium inhabitants can also overeat, which will have a bad effect on health and water.

At the beginning of the conversation it may seem that this question is easy and unambiguous, in fact, everything is much more complicated. If you want to become a real aquarist, and not the unfortunate host, who once a day throws flakes to their pets, you will have to thoroughly study the issue of feeding the aquarium inhabitants and find their individual approach to them. Proper feeding is a pledge of healthy fish that behave actively and beautifully shimmer with the best flowers.

How many times do you need to feed the fish

Practice shows that most fish lovers choose the right feeding tactics. But, sometimes you have to deal with neglected cases when the owners are addicted and overfeed the fish so that they suffer from excess weight and physically can not swim. At the same time, the excess feed begins to rot, forming a real green swamp with all the ensuing consequences. And this is not surprising. After all, there is no one universal algorithm for feeding all types of fish, so the question is how, what and how much to feed the fish becomes critical.

A beginner aquarist is misled by the fish themselves. They begin to swim at the trough and look lonely into the front glass, as if asking for some more food. However, it should be realized that most fish will continue to beg for food even in moments of overeating, such is their nature. This is especially true for cyclides.

The first and basic rule - limit feeding to 1-2 times per day. This rule applies to adult fish. Fry and teens are fed more frequently. The ideal is a portion that is eaten in the first 3-4 minutes. The norm is observed in the event that no food does not have time to touch the bottom. The exceptions are catfish and fish that feed from the bottom. For them, it is better to use a special feed. Of course, it is impossible to forbid catfish and other herbivores to eat plants and algae, but this is a natural process that will not make them worse. If you are afraid that the fish do not get enough food, then follow their condition for a week.

It is very important to observe the portions and not to overfeed pets. A well-running aquarium has its own microclimate, so excess food can cause imbalance. Remains of feed fall to the bottom and start the process of rotting, which spoils the aqua and causes the formation of harmful algae. In addition, ammonia and nitrates increase in water, which adversely affects all residents.

If you periodically suffer from dirty water, the presence of algae and fish diseases, think about how often you feed the fish and how much food you give them.

The main types of feed

If at intervals it became clear, then with what to give them, not really. Aquarists use four types of feed:

  1. Live food;
  2. Corporate;
  3. Vegetable;
  4. Frozen.

Ideal if you will combine all types of feed. In this case, your fish will be healthy and will give you an aesthetic pleasure playing its colors. It is not excluded that fish will eat only vegetable or only protein food, it all depends on the breed of aquarium inhabitants. In nature, someone chooses a vegetarian lifestyle, but someone does not mind to eat their own kind. But if you disassemble most of the fish, it is better to use a mix of several feeds. Purchased branded food can be used as the main food, regularly please fish with live food and sometimes give vegetable food.

If you decide to go under this scheme, then pay great attention to the choice of branded feed. It is better to give preference to well-known brands that have been on the market for more than one year and are tested by experienced aquarists. This food is suitable for almost all fish. It is balanced, it contains the necessary vitamins and trace elements. You can find it in any pet store. Do not confuse branded feed with dry. Food consisting of dried daphnia, cyclops or gammarus is not the best food for the daily diet of your fish. It is not desirable to feed with such food, because it is deficient in nutrients, it is poorly absorbed and, among other things, is an allergen for humans.

Food live food - the most preferred option. The fish should be given regularly as an additional feeding every other day. Like people, aquarium residents love a variety of foods, so try to alternate food as much as possible. The most common are the chimneyweed, bloodworm and coretil. The only, but very significant disadvantage is that this type of food is most often mined in its natural environment, which means that it is possible to bring the infection into your water body. It is best to freeze it before feeding fish. This method kills a number of harmful bacteria.

Featuring an alternative to live food - frozen. Agree, not everyone can be measured with the settlement in the fridge of live worms. For such there is an alternative - frozen worms. They are easy to dose, they are stored for a long time, contain a full set of vitamins. If you carefully study the pet stores, you can find miksovannyh species, where in one pack will be all three popular types of worms.

Vegetable food is an integral part of fish life in the natural environment. Most fish will have to try and cook green food. Of course, feeding predators with grass is stupid, but the rest will gladly enjoy the greenery suitable for them. It is difficult to give general recommendations, since different fish prefer different feeds. There are several options for plant foods:

  • Pills;
  • Flakes;
  • Branded;
  • Natural.

To natural can be attributed cucumber, zucchini or cabbage. Such feeding will allow you to enjoy your clean aquarium with healthy and beautiful fish. With proper feeding, the lifespan of the fish increases.

How many times to feed the fish in the aquarium?

Fish, like cats, dogs and other pets, need a varied and sufficient diet. When planting water inhabitants, it would not be superfluous to ask how many times you need to feed the fish in the aquarium, at what time it is best to do it and in what portions to fill the food.

How many times a day to feed the fish?

Feeding can be one-time, but it is more preferable to feed them twice. At the same time, morning feeding should be carried out at least 15 minutes after switching on the lighting, and the evening one - 2-3 hours before bedtime. For night dwellers (catfish, agamix, etc.) feeding is carried out at dusk, when the light is extinguished, and the rest of the inhabitants of the aquarium sleep.

The duration of each feeding should not exceed 3-5 minutes. This is more than enough for the fish to eat, but not to eat, and the food does not sink to the bottom. In general, the rule works with fish - underfeeding is better than overfeeding.

The daily feed rate is calculated approximately as 5% by weight of the fish. If, after saturation, the feed continues to float and settle to the bottom of the aquarium, it should be caught with a net to prevent its rotting.

Once a week for fish you can arrange a hungry day. Obesity of fish leads to their death much more often than malnutrition. Because you never need to give fish food above the norm. In addition, hunger has a positive effect on sexual activity and on the restorative ability of fish.

How many times a week to feed the fish in the aquarium?

As already mentioned, food for fish should be varied. Therefore, it will not be superfluous to know how many times to feed aquarium fish with live food. An approximate weekly diet of aquarium fish may look like this:

  • Monday - dry food;
  • Tuesday - dry food;
  • Wednesday - live food, bloodworm, artemia;
  • Thursday - dry food;
  • Friday - dry food;
  • Saturday - live food + duckweed;
  • Sunday is a hungry day.

How, what and how much to feed Goldfish? description of the photo video.

Why is it important to feed a goldfish correctly?

Fish should be fed frequently, but feed in small quantities. For a golden fish to grow well, it needs a balanced diet. If you feed the fish incorrectly, it will not live long, besides, it will negatively affect its growth.

The feed should contain vitamins, carbohydrates, fiber, minerals and proteins. Best for their food fit special flakes. But the flakes should be alternated with other food, so that there is no monotony. If a golden fish eats properly, it will be vigorous and healthy.

What to feed goldfish

Ball feed

Good feed in balls is high in protein. Balls should be soaked in aquarium water for ten minutes before giving them to the fish. It must be remembered that the balls are not suitable for all goldfish: some begin to have problems with buoyancy. If this happens, immediately stop giving such food.

Feed the fish better with a well-defined interval. In this case, it is less likely that you will overfeed or, on the contrary, forget to feed them.


Flakes - the most suitable food for your fish. When buying flakes, pay attention to their protein content: the higher it is, the better. Prefer flakes, consisting of many components: its nutritional value is much higher.

Frozen feed

Frozen animal and vegetable foods can be purchased at good pet stores. Freezing preserves the nutritional properties of food and kills pathogens. Defrost some feed and do not re-freeze again defrosted.

Live food

Your goldfish will gladly eat live food from time to time: earthworms, daphnia and Artemia. They serve as an excellent source of protein and are sold in good pet stores. Watching a fish hunt for prey is very interesting.

The goldfish owes its orange color to vitamin A obtained from food. if the fish turns pale, check if there is enough vitamin in its diet.

Fresh vegetables

From time to time, give the fish fresh vegetables, such as carrots, peas and spinach. They should be slightly scalded (dunk in boiling water) to make it softer, but not boil. Peas need to be cleaned. Instead of vegetables, you can buy seaweed fish, for example, spirulina.

If you feed the fish, not only you, but also your friends and relatives, make sure they know when and how much food you can give.

The amount of feed for goldfish

It is better if one person is engaged in feeding the goldfish, but if there are several family members, they should know how much food you can give to the fish. Goldfish always feel hungry, but at the same time they eat only a few pieces of food at a time. This is because a greater amount of food is not digested, slags are obtained from it.

How often to feed the fish? It is better to do this 3 times a day. And at one time they give as much food as a fish can eat. Superfluous food in the aquarium should not be, because the water will become cloudy. The optimal amount of feed for a goldfish is one pinch between two fingers.





Сколько раз в день кормить рыбок?

Рыбки - самые неприхотливые домашние животные. Они не кричат, требуя еду, не лезут куда не просят и не переворачивают горшки с цветами, не дерут мебель, их не нужно выгуливать.

Все, что им требуется - следить за чистотой аквариума, работой фильтра и компрессора, периодически чистить дно и кормить. By the way, how many times a day to feed the fish? After all, for their long and happy life you need to properly adjust the food.

How many times to feed the fish in the aquarium?

In order not to turn your aquarium into a swamp and not to overfeed its inhabitants, you need to feed them not often and abundantly. The rule is quite simple: at a time you need to pour as much food as fish to eat, until the food has fallen to the bottom. There they will not touch it.

And if everything is more or less clear with the amount of feed, the question of how many times a day it is poured is still unanswered. Depending on what you have for fish, the number will vary between 1 and 2-3 times.

There is a difference between how many times a day feed a guppy fish and, for example, a goldfish. So, guppies require more frequent feed intake: it is desirable to do this three times a day in small portions. It is possible more often, but do not pour a lot at once, otherwise it will all sway at the bottom of the aquarium.

How many times to feed a goldfish - you ask. It is enough for her two times - in the morning and in the evening. At the same time it is necessary to alternate between dry food and live.

If you have a cockerel fish, then you will be interested in how many times to feed it: these fish are fed once a day, preferably with a bloodworm, 1 -2 worms at a time. And for the prevention of a couple of times a week to provide medical feed.

It is very important not to overfeed the fish, because it negatively affects not only the pets themselves, but also the condition of the aquarium. In the remains of food rotting at the bottom, harmful substances are formed, such as ammonia and nitrates, which poison the water and the fish swimming in it.

How to feed astronotus fish

Astronotus is a freshwater fish of the Cichlow or Cichlid family. Their sizes are relatively large, so in the aquarium the feeding of astronotus must be complete and varied. The length of the aquarium specimen can reach 25 cm. As endemics of South American rivers, they prefer foods rich in proteins, in particular, small fish and meat of small warm-blooded animals.

General feeding rules

Settle astronotus in a spacious aquarium, for one pair prepare a 500-liter tank. In such living conditions, the fish will feel comfortable, will be able to easily assimilate food. At home, they can be given earthworms soaked in water for 3 hours, sea fish fillets, dragonfly larvae, tadpoles, grasshoppers, mussels and shrimp meat, sliced ​​clams, small sea fish. Seafood (meat products) can be twisted in a meat grinder.

See how astronotus eat shrimp.

Artificial food can be given, but better in pellets - the astronotus eats it with pleasure. Artificial food quickly pollutes the water, which can cause bacteria to multiply. The main component of the diet of these fish - protein food.

It is advisable to do the preparation of feed in advance: take a few different feed, and prepare the mixture, twisting it through a meat grinder. Then you can put it in a plastic bag and freeze in the freezer. Do not thaw and freeze the product several times. Make a few tortillas, and take them out, defrosting a few hours before feeding.

You may wonder how astronotuses quickly grab food in an aquarium. If they are used to you, they can take food from their hands, and demand more. Do not add more feed than the required portion, otherwise fish will get used to overfeeding. You can not spoil them, otherwise it will be difficult to change their eating habits.

Adults are able to eat once a day in an aquarium; it is better to feed the young 2 times a day. The fry of these fish should receive the first days of life in the form of food daphnia, cyclops, Artemia larvae. Gradually, they can be transferred to larger feed - chopped tubule (from the age of four months). Because of the possible indigestion, it is better not to give the bloodworm, and the tubule only for mature fish, in small quantities. Give food in such portions so that the fish can eat it in 5 minutes. Once every 7 days, arrange a fasting day for the fish, it definitely does not hurt.


The astronotics in the aquarium behave like voracious fish, and the resulting food is digested for a long time - for 2 days. Wild astronotus can eat different foods - if not enough protein, can go to the plant. Coastal and aquatic plants, fruit falling in the river they love very much. An adult and very hungry astronotical half-starving can grab a rodent from a tree and have a snack. Perhaps for this reason they grow large in nature - 45-47 cm in length.

Aquarium fish of this species eat everything that the owner gives, and if they are offended or smell the blood from the wound, they can bite the finger. Be careful when feeding from hands. Some razvodchiki keep at home mice, or other small rodents, even breed live-bearing fishes of the Peciliaceae family (guppies, swordtails, gourami). This is all to feed them to the astronotus. Perhaps the spectacle is not for the faint of heart, but taste habits of such large cichlids. For a more saturated color scales, minced seafood can add a little red bell pepper, but do not overdo it, otherwise the food is not the fish do not eat.

Look at the feeding of the astronotus with goldfish.

Young animals can still eat fish milk, glands, which are formed on the skin of their parents. Fry also need to be fed with nauplii of Artemia, Cyclops, Daphnia, as well as Tetra Cichlid pellets. As the babies get older, in 2-4 months, transfer them to other foods - grated frozen squid, washed and chopped earthworms.

There is an opinion that astronotus needs constant feeding from chicken meat and beef heart. In fact, the meat of warm-blooded animals can be harmful to health. Animal fats clog up blood vessels, deform the organs of the gastrointestinal tract. Sliced ​​beef heart can be given, but very rarely, so that the fish do not get used to it. But sea food, such as gammarus, they can be given without fear.

It is not recommended to give fish caught from rivers, lakes and other urban reservoirs. Also, you can not buy them store fish in a living form. Such products may infect the water. In the spring, you can make blanks of grasshoppers, dragonflies, crickets, tadpoles, snails. Freeze them, and periodically give the fish. Astronotus can take vegetable food: lettuce, spinach, peas, sliced ​​cucumbers and zucchini. When choosing branded feeds, it is important that they include astaxanthin - a necessary element in the diet, which has a beneficial effect on the health of the fish.

How often, how many times to feed goldfish?

Probably every novice aquarist heard about goldfish. This is not surprising: the beauty, brightness and elegance of these fish makes them very popular. Well, the fact that under this common name collected more than a dozen species (classical fish, celestial eye, comet, telescope and many others), allows each aquarist to choose exactly the breed that he likes most.

However, if you want the fish to continue to maintain their beauty, as well as give healthy offspring, you need to know exactly what kind of food and how often to feed the goldfish.

Immediately it should be said that goldfish need not only proteins, but also carbohydrates.

Therefore, in addition to live food - the bloodworm, the pipe worker, the earthworm - they need from time to time to give boiled buckwheat, oatmeal, soaked semolina, as well as tender algae leaves.

Some owners give a small amount of bread, but this causes the water to deteriorate very quickly, so that most prefer to avoid using such feed.

To feed the fish is best not more than twice a day. But here we are talking only about adults. Fry can be fed 4-5 times a day - because they grow, and for this they need a large amount of feed.

The fact is that goldfish (like many others) have little control over themselves while eating. And if you give them an unlimited amount of food, they will soon acquire problems with liver and obesity.

But it is not enough to know how many times to feed goldfish per day. It is also necessary to arrange fasting days from time to time. It is best to establish a specific order - for example, not to feed the fish on Tuesdays or on any other day of the week convenient for you. These days, the fish not only burn off the accumulated calories, but also pick up all the food that could be on the bottom or algae in a week.

When feeding, it is worth remembering one simple, but very true commandment of aquarists - it is better to underfed the fish than to feed them.

Indeed, regular overeating almost always leads to serious diseases in pets.

How many times a day do you need to feed the fish in an aquarium?

Janna Sadybaeva

In aquariums novice fish lovers die more often from overfeeding than from lack of food. the most important: it is better to feed the fish than to feed them !! ! to meet all the needs of an adult fish, it is enough to eat 2-3% (maximum 5%) of its weight per day! Having eaten "a little extra" in nature, fish have the opportunity to "lose weight" through exercise. In an aquarium, however, their mobility is limited; they do not have to spend energy on rescuing from predators, searching for and obtaining food. It turns out that overfeeding quickly leads to obesity, metabolic disorders and the functioning of internal organs. Constantly overeating fish lose their ability to breed, more susceptible to disease. Rotting remnants of uneaten food can spoil water and cause illness or even fish death. To feed once a day in small portions, so that the fish eat all the food in about five minutes (and it is enough to feed adult gold fish every other day !!!). Once a week it is not bad to arrange a fasting day and not to feed the fish at all. Pisces, like other cold-blooded animals, do not need to constantly spend energy on heating their own body, so they are easier to withstand a hunger strike. Aquarium fish are much more likely to die from overfeeding than from lack of food. Most of them calmly endure even a two-week fast! food should be varied! Food types: dry food, flakes, granules, natural food (live, frozen, gelled). Well, once you have an aquarium, then buy some aquarist reference book. now almost all pet stores have all the necessary literature. with fish no less trouble than with other animals.

Bar Kochba

Better two times: in the morning and in the evening. Try to do it at the same time. They will get used and will gather at the trough. Feed a little so that the water does not lose transparency. And one day a week arrange the hungry. Do not feed the fish at all. Then they will pick up all the food left at the bottom of previous feedings, and clean the aquarium from the remnants. Good luck to you!!