How much and how to defend the water for the aquarium?
Why defend the water in the aquarium for fish, and how much benefit will this procedure bring? Such questions are often asked by novice home-water lovers and more experienced razvodchiki. In fact, settling is a necessary measure to prepare the aquarium for launch, because no matter how much you clean the scenery and glass of the tank, water is its main component, a living environment where both visible and microscopic creatures will live and develop. objects. Therefore, the process of settling involves the study of the rules for the preparation of different types of water.
How to prepare an aquarium with tap water
The easiest and cheapest way to stock up on water is to use tap water in the tank. It is available to almost everyone, suitable for any freshwater aquarium. For fish, it is not harmful if it is properly defended. If a quality water purifier from the tap is not installed in your home, you should not immediately pour the liquid that you have collected into the tank. Compounds of chlorine that are in the water need to be weathered for several days. Why do this? To protect the fish and plants from poisoning and premature death.
You can dial the water in glass jars directly from the tap, and leave it for 3-4 days, covered with gauze. All volatile compounds will evaporate and the liquid will become colorless and free from chemical compounds. It is necessary to check the collected water for smell and color. Chlorinated water smells sharp, has a milky white color.
See how to carefully pour the distilled water into the aquarium.
About water from other aquariums
Water from their other aquarium can be useful - it has a long-established microflora and biological balance. For fish it is a reliable source of trace elements that are beneficial in terms of recovery. However, without knowing the history of another aquarium, it would be correct to find out what freshwater fish lived in it, what it was sick with, and what quality its water was. You can ask this question from the owners of the reservoir, or conduct observations on their own. For the experiment you need only a few days, some free time, and, of course, old water.
Pour the liquid into a clean glass tank, let it stand in it for several days. Noticing cloudiness, precipitation - you know, it is not entirely safe. It is possible to pour a part of such water into an unprepared aquarium with plants. If their appearance has deteriorated - a sure sign that the fish should not live in a pond with such water. But the best way is to start a tank with new water on your own, or to seek help from trusted distributors.
Reverse osmosis and deionization
Settling of water with its subsequent preparation for the aquarium is possible using the method of reverse osmosis and deionization. These are two ways in which you can cleanse and defend a liquid. Each of these processes helps to remove impurities and any particles that may be in the water. Ionization neutralizes pH, eliminating various ions that could remain in the water. However, the resulting water is clean, but potentially dangerous - it does not preserve its biological properties, which is dangerous for fish. No matter how much she praised her crystal purity, she bears the risk because she changed the pH level, alkalinity and hardness.
Deionized water removes beneficial salts and trace elements that are needed for fish and plants. Such water is obtained as a result of deep purification by reverse osmosis, or ion exchange. In the process of pressure, water is passed through a semi-permeable shell from a more concentrated to a less concentrated solution. The shell skips the solution, but does not miss the components dissolved in it.
Sometimes this water is mixed with infused tap water, but you need to be careful.
Watch a video about the reverse osmosis system.
About softened water
Softened water is sometimes useful for fish that need to live in water with certain parameters. Softened water can be obtained for some time, if you defend it 4-5 days, and adding to it the impurities that change the parameters (peat, wood). Softeners need to buy in stores, do not need to mine them yourself. Settling water with the right ingredients will be beneficial for some fish.
What to do with bottled water?
How long should you defend bottled water for an aquarium? She does not require insisting. Bottled liquid, although it is credible, is not useful for fish, because its pH level does not match the standard, and it is free from many trace elements that can “revive” the reservoir. How much such water do not use - even in conjunction with an infused tap it is not very effective. Often, the parameters of such water are completely unknown. Often, vitamins, flavors, preservatives, and even colorants are added to it to maintain a crystal clear appearance. All this is destructive to the health of the fish.
Reservoir with defended rainwater
Rainwater is also used in a fish tank. Previously, such water was used in food, but nowadays it is not particularly useful (except for that which falls in ecologically clean regions). It contains impurities of toxic substances and parasites, therefore upholding and powerful filtration are necessary. Rainwater may contain substances that are not washed out of the air. Pollution from pipes, gutters, pipelines, roofs and other surfaces from which it has flowed into it.
For aquarium needs, rainwater is not always suitable - improper treatment of the fluid hurts the fish. How much time will it take to settle the rain? After drawing water into a clean glass container, install a powerful filter in it, after treating the liquid for several hours. After cleaning, leave the water for a few days in a cool place. However, the risk from such water is high - its application is possible only after laboratory research.
How to prepare water for an aquarium - a full description.
Why do you need to defend the water?
The main reason for this is harmful impurities that can harm the inhabitants of our aquarium. After settling, solids sometimes appear in the sediment. Initially clear water after a while can grow turbid.
Many aquarists leave the water for substitution to breathe for a few days, and so that all harmful suspensions evaporate for a week. This assumption is partly true, but it cannot guarantee the quality of the prepared water.
Before we do something, we always know why we need to do it. By keeping tap water outside the pipeline, we are trying to improve its performance so that it does not harm our fish. In other words, when defending water, we get rid of most of the malicious components.
Conditionally harmful substances in the water can be divided into:
- solid (precipitates to the bottom);
- gaseous (volatilized from water to the environment);
- liquid (initially dissolved and remaining in water).
The process of settling can affect only solid and gaseous mixtures, and it does not affect liquid substances in any way.
What should be the temperature of the water in the aquarium?
Water temperature for the aquarium plays a crucial role. It depends on the health and ability of fish to breed. For each species of fish, a completely different water temperature is suitable. Conventionally, all the inhabitants of the aquarium can be divided into heat-loving and cold-loving.
By heat-loving include fish living in the water, the temperature of which is not below 18 degrees. Cold fishes are individuals that easily adapt to low temperatures. They can safely live in the aquarium, the temperature in which, will not exceed 14 degrees. The maintenance of cold-loving fish is possible only in large and spacious aquariums.
It is noteworthy that if the heat-loving fish are planted in cold water, then they practically stop swimming. This suggests that significant damage has been done to their health. Preparing water for the aquarium, you should use the tips for beginners, which can be found in the special literature. So, it is possible to choose the optimum temperature for water only after it becomes known exactly which species of fish will live in it.
The thing is that in the literature for each type of fish is given the permissible threshold of the highest and lowest temperatures at which the fish will feel comfortable. In accordance with these parameters, you can choose the future inhabitants of the aquarium so that they all feel comfortable in the same temperature conditions. This will avoid a huge number of problems associated with the maintenance and care of the fish.
How much to defend the water for the aquarium?
To finally get rid of all the harmful substances contained in the water, it must be defended for 1-2 weeks. For the backlog of water is better to use a large bucket or basin. Also, when buying a new aquarium, leave water in it and drain it at least once. At the same time, this way you can check if the aquarium is leaking. Some pet stores sell special products that neutralize chemical compounds in water. But experts recommend not to neglect the settling of water, even using these drugs.
Is there a need for water settling?
In order for the tap water to be normalized for replacement in an aquarium, it is necessary to remove from it all the harmful components - solid, gaseous and liquid.
Today, upholding is very rarely relevant. Solid components in the water supply system have isolated cases, chlorine water derivatives must be removed by air conditioning (chlorine gas is also removed), and liquid ones - only by special air conditioning. Polluted water settles for several hours, and with strong aeration much faster.
From all of the above, it is clear that it is best to use special additives for water. Settling water does not completely remove harmful substances, and in some cases it may even be harmful (a dusty film appears, stuffiness, etc.).
From personal experience:
- I collect the necessary amount of water for the substitution;
- add air conditioning according to the instructions;
- perform aeration for 15 minutes;
- I bring the temperature of fresh water (with air conditioning) into accord with the aquarium one;
- I fill, and that's it.
The advantages of this method of water preparation: remove all harmful substances, no need to wait until the water settles, the pots do not harm the interior of the room.
How to prepare the water?
Freshly tap water is not suitable for animal settlement. Reptiles, fish, amphibians and snails can adapt to it, but on condition that it infuses for several days.
Fresh, domestic water from the tap will destroy animals, because chlorine compounds are toxic to the sensitive organism of small creatures. On certain days, tap water contains different amounts of volatile substances, experts recommend turning on a shower and checking the steam and the presence of chlorine to check. If the smell is harsh, water should not be collected on this day.
Regardless of the season, weather and air temperature, domestic water will be different. Be observant if you want to settle the animals in clean water from impurities. Infused tap water is recommended for many pets and plants, it has an acceptable level of acidity: pH 7.0.
It forms an active reaction, creating an alkaline and acidic aqueous medium. The reaction is determined using litmus paper, which is sold in pet stores. Infusing water should not be in plastic containers; it is better to use glass jars with the lid open. The main thing is that in the prepared water, while it insists, do not get dust and insects.
You can use baking soda to raise the pH to the required level. Peat is recommended to lower the pH. Sometimes before the launch of a new aquarium in the water put samples of trees, reducing the acidity of water. The aquarium can be filled not only with tap water, but also distilled water, which is sold in pharmacies or in auto shops.
It is filled with small aquariums, but with an experienced razvodchiki warned that such water is poor in the mineral components necessary for animals. Rarely use a liquid from another aquarium, in which there is a stable biological equilibrium for normal life.
How to prepare water with permissible hardness?
Reduce stiffness by filtering and infusing. Sometimes, infused water (time - 2 days) from the tap add distilled, thawed or rain water. Plants such as roach and elodiea, reduce stiffness. There is another way - freezing. The collected water is frozen, and then thawed, defended and poured into the tank.
Increases the rigidity of the aquarium water by adding brine, pieces of chalk or limestone, coral chips to it. Coral crumb is recommended to boil (2 hours) to soften and prevent parasites. Only after all the procedures it is lowered into the tank.
It is better to run the fish in a day or two, until the water has acquired the necessary parameters. The temperature of the water in which the purchased fish, animals and plants lived should be identical to the aquarium. Again, use a thermometer, litmus paper to test. Do not neglect the recommendations that the life of pets was healthy and safe, because when kept in poor-quality aquatic environment, they may suffer.
What does water temperature affect?
Aquarium water that has a certain temperature can stimulate spawning. This applies to elevated water temperatures. However, this is not always useful for fish. So, the fish that spawn, you should not constantly keep in such conditions. Otherwise, to get offspring from them in the future will be simply impossible. Thus, when harvesting water for an aquarium, it is better to ensure that it is one degree below the norm.
Gaseous constituents of water
This type of substance evaporates through the surface of the water. Here one can consider the quantitative and qualitative compositions of dissolved gases in water. Gaseous substances in natural water enter into chemical reactions with other dissolved elements, due to diffusion they constantly circulate through the water mirror and are harmless and harmless to fish.
The method of water disinfection for your area can be found in the local water utility, this information will not be superfluous. At new water treatment plants, ozone and ultraviolet cleaning is applied, and such water can be added without fear (it is pointless to defend against oxygen and photons).
The outdated chlorine cleaning method is gradually becoming a thing of the past, but is still in use. Chlorine and its derivatives are poisons. They allow the destruction of both harmful bacteria and beneficial ones, as well as depending on the concentration of large animals and even humans.
Method of elimination of gaseous chlorine from water
Unpleasant smell of chlorine coming from freshly poured water, everyone knows. Water, being in a cup, ceases to smell after a while, and this means that chlorine molecules have evaporated.If the fish are placed in newly recruited chlorinated water, they will die from body burns and gill petals.
Having made some observations on settling, it can be seen that chlorine evaporates quite quickly. It is not necessary to stand for water from the tap for more than a day, since the residual chlorine cannot affect the health of the fish.
The important point is the choice of dishes. The greater the area of contact of water with the environment, the faster the gas exchange occurs, and chlorine disappears. From this it follows that when settling water in a large-diameter basin, it will become suitable for an aquarium much faster than using a plastic bottle.It is impossible to cover the used dishes with a lid and even more so to twist the bottle, since there will be no place for volatilization of gas impurities, and the water which was chlorinated will remain so.
Ozone and its effect on fish
With ozone, things are somewhat different. It does not have a pronounced smell, although it carries freshness. Under natural conditions, we feel it during a thunderstorm, during the operation of air conditioners (ozonizing) and laser printers. Before water is supplied to the drinking pipeline, the process of its ozonization takes place, the ozone molecules are unstable and quickly pass into a stable compound - oxygen. Well, oxygen is not dangerous to fish.
What is pH and hardness?
pH is a pH indicator of the acidic environment. A pH of 7 is considered neutral because it is more favorable for most aquarium dwellers. In the case when it is less than 7, the water is alkaline. In order to easily determine the pH of water, it is necessary to purchase litmus papers with a color table, or specialized aquarium tests.
The second parameter of water is hardness. It is divided into temporary and permanent. Water hardness may also affect aquarium inhabitants.
Во избежание неприятных последствий, аквариумную воду также стоит проверить на постоянную и временную жесткость. Она измеряется в градусах и высчитывается с помощью сложения временной и постоянной жёсткости.
В случае, когда необходим нерест определенного вида рыб, к примеру, таких как неоны, у которых икра может выжить только в очень мягкой воде, используют воду с низким содержанием жесткости. Однако, для большей части разновидностей авкариумных рыб, вода с содержанием жесткости меньше 5, не пригодна для жизни и размножения. At the same time, too high water hardness, such as 25 degrees and above, is also destructive for most aquarium species. Of course, there are exceptions.
The norm, it is considered to be hardness from 5 to 25 degrees, which is favorable for the vast majority of different types of aquarium fish.
Aquarists who do not want to bother themselves with various dimensions can simply pick up certain types of fish that feel great in ordinary tap water.
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AQUAIUM SPRAYER AND EVERYTHING THAT YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT IT.
POMP FOR AQUARIUM AND EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT IT.
Water change in the aquarium, what kind of water is needed for the aquarium?
CHANGE OF WATER IN THE AQUARIUM! WHAT WATER IS NEEDED FOR THE AQUARIUM?
How much water should be defended for the aquarium?
(water preparation)Let's talk about the questions asked in order:
In order for chlorine to evaporate and a 24-hour excess of dissolved oxygen will be enough to keep the tap water. The maximum water for the aquarium defend 14 days. This should be done in a bowl with a wide neck.
I note that in pet stores sold a large number of specials. preparations for adaptation of tap water (for example, AquaSafe from the Tetra series, etc.). In addition, these drugs have additional additives that improve the quality of aquarium water. I strongly recommend using them.
Frequently asked questions: About changing aquarium water, for example, is it possible to replace aquarium water (1/4 volume) with undisturbed tap water?
- You can do nothing terrible (one thing, but: it should be about the same temperature as in the aquarium, do not pour ice water from the tap). But still, if you are a caring owner or fish are expensive ... Do not be lazy to defend the water.
When changing aquarium water, always remember that old water is always better than fresh water. In many sources, they talk about the need to replace the weekly aquarium water to fresh. Personally, I disagree with that. Since the older the aquarium water, the better it is configured biological balance. I replace the aquarium water in my aquariums about once a month and I think that this is quite enough. For ten years aquarium management "complaints" from aquarium fish on this issue have been reported.
Making conclusions and summing up, I emphasize:
- Frequent change of aquarium water is not needed!
- The frequency of changing the aquarium water to fresh depends on the volume of your aquarium. The larger the aquarium, the less need to replace the aquarium water.
- The change of aquarium water can be carried out with non-settled water (up to 1/5 parts). But not desirable !!! )))
- The turbidity of the aquarium water after the replacement with fresh - direct evidence of a violation of the biological balance in the aquarium. (clouding will pass by itself, in 3-5 days).
- Answering the question what kind of water is needed for an aquarium and fish? I will say, the "old" is better than the "new". If the water is green, dirty or muddy - use aquarium coal and other specials. drugs. In addition, consider the specifics of your fish. For example, discus - very picky to the conditions of detention and require frequent replacement of the new "super quality water" and high temperature.
- When carrying out a complete change of aquarium water (restarting the aquarium), pour into the container and leave at least 1/3 of the old water. Exception, disease and quarantine aquarium!
- Changing the aquarium water should follow the "cleaning of the aquarium", and not vice versa.
I recommend also to read the article. AQUARIUM WATER from which you will learn about the qualitative components of aquarium water and methods for balancing them in the home.Video about changing the water in the aquarium:
Aquarium for beginnersAquarium water temperature
Boiled thawed or distilled water for aquarium. Category: Aquarium Articles / EQUIPMENT AND FACILITY AQUARIUM | Views: 34 651 | Date: 03/05/2013, 10:11 | Comments (2) We also recommend reading:
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How long do you need to defend the water for the aquarium?
it depends on the water that you use ... Moscow enough to defend the day ...
... it is possible with a compressor for 3-4 hours, but only if the composition of fish is aqu. allows ...
it is necessary to completely drain and clean the ACV only in emergency cases ...
use part of the old water is necessary ... at least a third, better than 50% ...
and then pour the water completely out of the tap ... aeration and pumps for all the power ...
after 5-6 hours, plant fish ...
Recommendations are also suitable for Moscow water ...
the whiteness of the water is subsequently the norm ... nothing needs to be done ...
We defend the Moscow tap water for a new aquarium within 24 hours, run the fish and understand that there is a certain risk.
Recently, special compositions have been added to hot water, which, at elevated concentrations, for example, in scalars, can cause destruction of the protective mucous layer. Scalaries began to spin and die after being placed in an aquarium with water discharged for 3 days. The survivors circled fins. Most other species of fish felt good. This is an exceptional case, but you should consider the possibility of such problems.
For Moscow, we can recommend:
- defend the water for a new aquarium for 2 days;
- Replace with water (of the same temperature) up to 1/5 of the volume of the aquarium once every 2 weeks.
If water is changed regularly and the fish are used to it, the volume of water replaced can be increased and vice versa.
How long do you need to defend the water for the aquarium?
It is recommended to defend in all reference books on aquarism for at least two days (to remove chlorine). I have an aquarium for quite a long time (more than 10 years), and I always defend the water before changing two days.
a week !! !
3 days is not enough. My fish die from such water.
If you defend a little, then use special tools for water treatment.
These are the means:
1. The first remedy is to reliably neutralize substances harmful to the health of fish, which are contained in tap water, such as chlorine, and also completely binds heavy metals, such as copper, zinc or lead. Liquid conditioner that allows you to quickly adapt tap water to fish when starting a new aquarium
2. The second tool is to stabilize the fish habitat, as well as maintain long-term biological balance in the aquarium.
You can only use the first
How long do you need to defend tap water for aquarium fish?
Watching where you live. If you take water from the central water supply - boil it, let it stand for a day. Carefully pour everything except sediment into a bucket. Then filter - and in the aquarium. If you live in the private sector (and have your own well) - take water from the well, let it stand for an hour, then boldly into the aquarium (sediment, of course, merge). Well water directly (not through half the city (village)) - you will not find better ...
When heated above 50 g, chlorine disappears after 12 hours. When aerating for partial replacement, fresh water is ready in a day. But the launch of a new aqua should be carried out within 12 days with fully switched on and working equipment and only after that the fish should be planted.
Do I need to defend the water for goldfish and how much?
I have a fish for a long time. Many different types. 3 days is the optimal time for all chlorine to disappear. For more time a neutral precipitate appears in the water, but it will not work for fish. Chlorine disappears quite quickly, but the water with sediment, which has been standing for a long time, keeps a lot of bad properties. So decide. 3 days.
since you ask such a question, it means you are still a beginner ... and you still do not fully know all the processes in the aquarium ... as well as you have an aquarium up to 100 liters
therefore, it is imperative to defend !! for any fish ... how much? ? a day is enough ... for a weekly change of 20-25% of the volume of the aquarium 1-2 buckets (depending on the volume) will be enough
have any questions? visit the aquarium community "Aquarium home" //my.mail.ru/community/akva-xobbi/ here will always help and tell
What kind of fish is best to get a beginner, and how much water you need to defend, before you put them there?
all kinds of guppies (guppy). In the new aquarium you need to pour water and some special liquid (it is sold in all pet stores, ask the seller). after pouring, the water should stand for 3 days. Good luck!
It depends on what kind of aquarium you are planning. The more - the easier it is to care. From 50 l. : guppies, swordtails, gurammi, goldfish ...
if small, would advise the cockerel one in a round jar, it is possible from 1 l. , but better than 5 ... He neither compressor nor filter is necessary. It is very undemanding to the quality of water. Only the heating pad is necessary.
Let's start with the launch of the aquarium. Fall asleep ground, pour water, turn on the filter. Worth a week. Planting plants, throwing snails, another week of sludge. Then only fish. The choice of fish depends on the size of the aquarium. Guppies, swordtails, platies, a flock of neons, a flock of danios, a flock of cardinals. But all this does not fit in a volume of 40 liters :) So initially think that there would be no “compote”. And look at this site, //aquaria2.ru/ There are answers to any questions from both a beginner and a professional :)))