Properly feed the fish - moderately and not often
One of the first questions that people ask sellers of aquarium fish - and how to feed them correctly? You may think that this is a simple question, but far from it. Of course, if you do not want to bother yourself, you can just throw a few flakes into the aquarium, but if you want your fish to be healthy, play with all the colors of the rainbow and delight you, then we will tell you how to properly feed the aquarium fish.
How much to feed the fish?
I would say that the majority of aquarists feed their fish correctly, but too often they have to see how over-feeding turns the jar into a foul-smelling swamp or fish that is so overwhelmed that they forget how to swim.
And it is easy to understand why this is happening. There is no specific standard, and feeding fish may not be an easy task for a beginner. The fact is that with the fish, we most interact during feeding. And so you want to feed them a little bit more.
And a novice aquarist feeds the fish, every time he sees that they are lonely asking for feed from the front glass. And most of the fish will ask for food even when they are about to burst (this applies especially to cichlids), and it is so hard to understand when it is already enough.
And yet - how often do you need and how many times to feed aquarium fish? Fish should be fed 1-2 times a day (for adult fish, fry and adolescents should be fed much more often), and with the amount of food that they eat in 2-3 minutes. Ideally, no food would get to the bottom (but do not forget to feed catfish separately). We will immediately agree that we are not talking about herbivores, for example, ancistrus or brocade catfish. These eat almost around the clock, scraping algae. And do not worry, it is not necessary to carefully monitor each time if they ate, just a couple of times a week look.
Why is it so important not to overfeed the fish? The fact is that overfeeding negatively affects the state of the aquarium. Food falls to the bottom, gets into the ground, rots and starts to spoil the water, while serving as a nutrient base for harmful algae.
At the same time in the water accumulate nitrates and ammonia, which poison the fish and plants.
Dirty, algae-covered aquariums with sick fish are often the result of overfeeding and dirty water.
What to feed?
So, how to feed, we figured out ... And what to feed aquarium fish?
All feed for aquarium fish can be divided into four groups - branded, frozen, live food and vegetable food.
If you want to keep a healthy fish with a beautiful color, it is better to feed all kinds of these feeds. Of course, some fish can eat only live food, others only vegetable. But for ordinary fish, the ideal diet consists of branded feeds, regular feeding with live feeds, and not regular plant foods.
Branded feed - provided that you buy real ones, and not fake, can be the basis of the diet for most fish. Modern branded food for fish, contain all the necessary substances, vitamins and minerals, so that the fish was healthy. To buy such food is no longer a problem, and the choice is huge.
Separately, I will note the so-called dry food - dried gammarus, cyclops and daphnia. Extremely bad feeding option for any fish. Does not contain nutrients, poorly digested, allergen for people.
But do not use dry food - dried daphnia, there are almost no nutrients in it, fish suffer from stomach diseases and grow poorly!
Branded food - flakes, granules, pellets
Live food - one of the best fish feeds that need to be fed fish regularly. It is not necessary to feed the same species all the time, alternate, because fish loves diversity. Of the most common live food - bloodworm, tubule, koretra. But it also has serious drawbacks - you can bring diseases, poison the fish with poor-quality food, and you can’t carry out the bloodworm too often, it doesn’t digest the fish well. The simplest disinfection of live food is freezing, which kills some of the nastiness in it.
Frozen feed - for some, live food can be unpleasant, and women do not welcome the swarming worms in the refrigerator ... Therefore, there is an excellent alternative - frozen live food for fish. I choose them for feeding, as they are easy to dose, they are easily stored, do not deteriorate, and contain all those substances that are alive. And often you can buy a mix of live food, which will contain several species - bloodworm, artemia and coretre together.
Vegetable feed - rarely find a fish that sometimes does not eat plants in nature. And for most types of fish, vegetable food is desirable. Of course, there are exceptions in every rule and predators will not eat grass. Be sure to read what kind of food prefers fish living in your aquarium.
Vegetable food can be bought as branded, in tablets or in the form of flakes, and added to the aquarium on their own. For example, antsistrusy eat zucchini, cucumbers and cabbage with pleasure.
If you follow these tips, you do not overfeed the fish, give it a nutritious diet full of nutrients, and as a result you will get a beautiful, healthy fish that will live for a long time. Feeding fish is the basis of their content, and you will not regret the time spent if you do everything right from the very beginning.
How and how much to feed the fish
HOW AND HOW MUCH TO FEED A FISH?
One of the most important question for any living thing on the Planet is the question of food. Alas, for some reason, in most cases, with respect to aquarium fish, people forget about it and believe that having filled them with a pinch of daphnia or other food, this will be quite enough for their normal existence. However, it is not!The diet of any pet should be varied and correct. For example, people buy kittens and dogs for dry food, meat, chicken and milk with sour cream. Moreover, they give vitamins and other supplements. The same should be the aquarium pets. Their diet should be balanced. A beginner aquarist should not be afraid of "scary words": live food, freezing, live dust. No need to think that all this needs to get, grind and cook. Everything is much easier than it seems! And in this I will try to convince you.
Various feeding fish - the key to successAll aquarium fish can be divided into: carnivorous, herbivorous and omnivorous. This gradation of fish can be further broken down into: phytophages, limnofagof, malakofagi, ichthyophages, parasitic ..., but the essence of the gradation remains the same, so we will not focus on this.
Most aquarium fish are omnivorous. That is, their diet should include both vegetable and "meat" - protein food. From this statement we can make a logical conclusion that feeding the fish with one type of food will not bring anything to good. Not getting enough of the necessary nutrients the fish become sluggish, their immunity decreases, the body becomes unable to resist the pathogenic flora, the fish get sick and die. A very good example is the research of ichthyologists, who have established that even unpretentious, viviparous guppies stop giving birth with regular and monotonous feeding them only with dry food.
Here is the table, the content of components in the feed for different groups of fish:
Group of fish
more than 45%
UNCLEAR LEARNINGS OF FEEDING FISHES First, you need to read and study the literature about your fish. Find out their taste preferences and behavioral characteristics.
Having repulsed from the received information, it is necessary to select the appropriate dry feed, which can be divided into groups:
Flakes, plates (for feeding fish floating on the surface and in the water column)
Pellets (for larger fish)
Tablets (sinking food for catfish and other bottom fish)
mixedThere are other specialized fish food that are sold to pet stores, for example, to improve the color of fish or special food for a certain type of fish, for example, "Discus menu".
Based on my own experience, I want to advise you to take several types of feed at once and mix them in one can. This is due to the fact that aquariums usually contain different types of fish that require different feeding. Mixing dry food of the same form, we get a kind of mix that is suitable for all fish.
When purchasing feed, you should also pay attention to the shelf life and packing density of the feed. This should be done due to the fact that over time, dry food loses its properties, and if packaging is violated (storage conditions), pathogenic flora will generally form in the food. Also, one should give preference to feeds of well-known trademarks, for example, TM Sera or Tetra.
SecondlyWhen feeding aquarium fish you should not forget about vitamins, which are used as an additive to feed.
Vitamin A - necessary for cell growth, especially for fry and juveniles. Lack of this vitamin leads to slow growth and curvature of the back and fins. Also, vitamin A reduces stress.
Vitamin D3 - participates in the development of the skeletal system.
Vitamin E - necessary for the reproductive system of fish. Vitamins A and E are used together because they are ineffective without each other.
Vitamins of group B (B1 - thiamine, B2 - riboflavin, B12) - normalize fish metabolism.
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) - forms teeth and bones, is involved in metabolism.
Vitamin H (biotin) - needed for cell development.
Vitamin M - lack of folic acid is expressed in the darkening of the color of the fish, they become sluggish.
Vitamin K - needed for the circulatory system.
Choline - needed for normal growth, as well as regulates the sugar content in the blood.
As a recommendation, you can recommend the following products:
Sera fishtamin - emulsified multi-vitamin preparation for strengthening fish during and after diseases, after settling in a new aquarium, for breeding and for enriching the feed for fry with vitamins. sera fishtamin is also suitable for strengthening pond fish before and after hibernation.
It can be added directly to the aquarium water. However, it is better to add 6-7 drops to 1 fish in the feed a few minutes before feeding.
1. During the illness and after recovery of the fish, fishtamine should be added daily directly to the aquarium at the rate of: 6-7 drops per 50 liters of water. Aquarium lighting is desirable to turn off.
2. After possible stresses, such as transportation, placing fish in a crowded aquarium or in cases when incompatible types of fish are in the same aquarium, as well as with each water change, you need to add Fishtamin in the amount of 4-6 drops to feed. Fishtamine is added directly to the feed, which quickly absorbs the drug and after a short period of time can be used to feed your fish.
Fishtamine can be added directly to the aquarium at the rate of: 6-7 drops per 50 liters of water. It is advisable to turn off the aquarium lighting.
3. After relocating new fish to the aquarium, you need to quickly add Fishtamine directly to the aquarium from the calculation: 6-7 drops per 50 liters of water.
4. In order to breed, it is necessary to add Fishtamine before the spawning process begins and within ten days after the process starts directly to the fish feed at the rate of: 4-6 drops per 50 liters of water. It is necessary to wait some time until the drug is absorbed into the feed and then feed.
5. To improve the growth of fry, it is necessary to add Fishtamine directly to Micron, Micropan, Micrograin or Artemia solution once every two days, mix quickly and give enriched feed to the young fish. The daily dose of fishtamine can vary from one to five drops and depends on the amount of feed and the number of fry.
6. To enrich the frozen live feed with vitamins, immediately before feeding, add Fishtamine to feed at the rate of: three to four drops for each portion of feed after it is thawed. It is necessary to wait some time until the drug is absorbed into the feed and then feed.
7. To create optimal conditions for the existence of pond fish in late autumn, as long as the fish take food, and also in early spring, as soon as the fish begin to take food; for prophylaxis, as well as during the treatment of fish from viral diseases, fishtamine should be added daily for three weeks in a volume of 10-12 drops directly to the feed of pond fish. It is necessary to wait some time until the drug is absorbed into the feed and then feed.
Content of additives per 1 ml:
Vitamin A 500 I.E.
Vitamin B1 2.00 mg
Vitamin B2 2.00 mg
Vitamin B6 2.00 mg
Vitamin B12 2.00 mcg
Vitamin C 55.00 mg
Vitamin D3 100 I.E.
Vitamin E 5.00 mg
Vitamin K3 1.00 mg
Nicotinic acid 10.00 mg
Calcium Pantothenate 5.00 mg
Folic acid 0.50 mg
Tetra vital - provides the fish with vital energy and health, as well as a natural color.
Tetra Vital contains essential vitamins, minerals and trace elements characteristic of the natural habitat. Their content in the aquarium decreases with time, and tap water is not able to compensate for the loss. Thanks to Tetra Vital, you can create an almost identical natural habitat for fish, where they will be provided with comfortable conditions and a brighter color.
- Natural B vitamins are used to increase the vitality of fish and combat stress
- Magnesium provides good health and promotes healthy growth.
- Panthenol cares for fish mucous membranes
- Iodine contributes to the preparation of fish for spawning, as well as successful spawning.
- Vital trace elements help to avoid problems associated with their deficiency
- Promotes the growth of plants and microorganisms
- Suitable for any freshwater aquariums
To enhance the action of Tetra Vital, use Tetra AquaSafe.
Instructions for use. Shake well before use. Add 5 ml of Tetra Vital to 10 liters of aquarium water every 4 weeks. In case of severe stress, it is recommended to double the dose.
Thirdly, the most important trick! This use of live and frozen feed.
Live food is a variety of mosquito larvae, small crustaceans and all kinds of worms that are used in feeding fish. The most popular of them are: bloodworm, artemia, sap, daphnia, tubule, rotifers, gammarus.
Live food is the most useful and natural food for fish, providing them with all the necessary microelements. Such feed is recommended to be used in conjunction with other types of feed and given 2-3 times a week.
The composition of some organisms used as live food Nowadays, especially in megacities and large cities, it is difficult to find high-quality live food for fish. It is also worth noting that, along with live food, it is possible to bring "contagion" into the aquarium - pathogenic bacteria, fungi and viruses. Therefore, you should always be careful with live food, it is better to grow it yourself and rinse thoroughly before serving. Knowing that many aquarists, especially the fair sex, do not like and are even afraid to mess with worms and larvae, I can recommend an interesting and even fascinating way of extracting live food Sera artemia-mix - Ready mix for growing Nauplii Artemia. Nauplii (cubs) of brine shrimp (Artemia) is a great delicacy for fry of all species of fish. Adult fish and many invertebrates also greedily eat nauplii and adult shrimps. Artemia-mix is a ready-to-use product. All you have to do is pour the contents of the bag into 500 ml of water and air it. With this set, even people who have no experience in breeding live food can grow nauplii. The biological value of nauplii becomes even higher, due to the use of sea salt rich in minerals in sera Artemia-mix. Artemia eggs from the great salt lakes of the state of Utah (USA) are used in the sera Artemia-mix - especially high quality.
Here is a detailed video of how to grow nauplii
Well, for those who do not want to mess around with live food at all, there is a ready-made live food freeze. Frost for fishB - it is ready-to-use, frozen and packaged live food. The beauty of it lies in the fact that you do not need to "get", you only need to get a cube of frozen food and throw it into the fish feeder.
+ such feed, manufacturers process it and monitor its purity. The probability to bring "contagion" in the aquarium is small.
- as a result of processing, the beneficial properties of the feed are lost.
Note: Before serving, it is desirable to freeze it to thaw (10-15 min.)
And finally, the fourth trick - the food from our table. Here, look, please, the video posted by our moderator, Esta, about how her cichlids eat a leaf of lettuce.
Charming is not true! Many fish, especially cichlids, respect the greens: lettuce, spinach, scalded cabbage leaves, cucumber, and even carrots. Many people know that keeping African cichlids with live aquarium plants is almost impossible. Nevertheless, they need plant food. And such a leaf of lettuce, once or twice a week, is an excellent way out for tsikhlovykh.
Also, by the example of a user of our site Qper, it is worth highlighting the question of protein mixes made by yourself. For his precious and beloved cichlids, he cooks and gives the following mince once a week:
- BEEF HEART, CLEARED FROM FILM;
- FILET OF TILIP (PANGASIUS);
- SALMARA FILLET;
- SHEETS SALTA;
Here is such an appetizing pate! There are a lot of similar recipes and, if you wish, you can easily find them on the Internet. The main thing is that in this way you can and should feed the fish.
You can make only one important remark about feeding fish like mince - you should try to exclude (minimize) the meat of warm-blooded animals from them. The food system of fish is not able to digest such meat, because of which it can develop pathogenic flora and as a result of the disease. Minced meat containing warm-blooded animals should be given rarely as a delicacy.
How many times and how often to feed the fish?Based on the fact that feeding fish should be balanced and diverse, it is possible to derive an approximate component of the amount of feed needed for fish.
If we talk about one-time feeding, then any food (dry or live) should be eaten by fish in 3-5 minutes. After this time, the feed should not be in the aquarium, and the more he should not fall for hours at the bottom.
Per day you can feed the fish 1-2 times. I personally feed once, because I think that undernourishment is better than overfeeding. Feeding is desirable to carry out either in the morning, after 15 minutes. after turning on the aquarium lighting and in the evening for 3-4 hours before bedtime. If there are “night residents” in the aquarium, as a rule, these are bottom catfish (bag-tabernacles, agamixes, etc.), then for them the food is thrown “at dusk”, i.e. when the light is turned off and all the "day" fish have gone to bed.
How much to feed the fish a week? Here, too, everything is conditional and individual. I offer an example of my feeding scheme:
Monday - dry food 1, once a day;
Tuesday - dry food 2, once a day;
Wednesday - live food, or bloodworm or artemia;
Thursday - dry food 1, twice a day;
Friday - dry food 2, twice a day;
Saturday - live food + duckweed;
Sunday - fasting day;
As you can see, feeding fish is quite diverse. Firstly, various mixtures of dry feed are used, secondly, dry food alternates with live ones, and plant food is given once a week.
And necessarily, once a week, a fasting day is arranged, i.e. when fish are not fed at all. Such a day, you need to arrange necessarily, it is harmless and even very useful for the health of fish and the aquarium as a whole.
Hope the article was helpful for you! Of course, you will not immediately cover all the issues in one article, so we will be glad to talk with you on the forums.
How many times to feed the fish in the aquarium?
Fish, like cats, dogs and other pets, need a varied and sufficient diet. When planting water inhabitants, it would not be superfluous to ask how many times you need to feed the fish in the aquarium, at what time it is best to do it and in what portions to fill the food.
How many times a day to feed the fish?
Feeding can be one-time, but it is more preferable to feed them twice. At the same time, morning feeding should be carried out at least 15 minutes after switching on the lighting, and the evening one - 2-3 hours before bedtime. For night dwellers (catfish, agamix, etc.) feeding is carried out at dusk, when the light is extinguished, and the rest of the inhabitants of the aquarium sleep.
The duration of each feeding should not exceed 3-5 minutes. This is more than enough for the fish to eat, but not to eat, and the food does not sink to the bottom. In general, the rule works with fish - underfeeding is better than overfeeding.
The daily feed rate is calculated approximately as 5% by weight of the fish. If, after saturation, the feed continues to float and settle to the bottom of the aquarium, it should be caught with a net to prevent its rotting.
Once a week for fish you can arrange a hungry day. Obesity of fish leads to their death much more often than malnutrition. Because you never need to give the fish feed above the norm. In addition, hunger has a positive effect on sexual activity and on the restorative ability of fish.
How many times a week to feed the fish in the aquarium?
As already mentioned, food for fish should be varied. Therefore, it will not be superfluous to know how many times to feed aquarium fish with live food. An approximate weekly diet of aquarium fish may look like this:
- Monday - dry food;
- Tuesday - dry food;
- Wednesday - live food, bloodworm, artemia;
- Thursday - dry food;
- Friday - dry food;
- Saturday - live food + duckweed;
- Sunday is a hungry day.
"POSSIBLE FISHES" - blitz all the answers
BLITZ ANSWERS TO ALL QUESTIONS:
"IT IS POSSIBLE FISHING"
1. What kind of fish can you keep and keep together? This question is widely and fully covered in this topic: Compatibility of aquarium fish: how to choose aquarium fish, which fish to buy? In general, it can be said that small fish are kept with small, large with large ones. It is better to keep in the aquarium fish of the same genus and species, as well as similar in nature and conditions of detention.
2. Where can I buy fish? Aquarium fish is recommended to buy exclusively in the pet stores in your city - you will have someone to make a complaint in which case. Fish can also be bought online and in bird markets. With this option, you will save, but you risk getting sick, weak fish, think and weigh everything well - is it worth the risk? See All About Purchasing Transplant Fish Shipping!
3. How can I feed the fish? How much can you not feed the fish? Can I feed fish with bread? How many times can you feed the fish? Actually you can feed the fish even with smoked sausage, the question is whether it will be useful - I think not! You can feed the fish with special food sold in pet stores: live, dry, substitutes. Large predators can be fed with shrimp, clams, ox heart, etc. Read more here - FOOD FOR AQUARIUM FISH: dry food for fish, frozen food for fish, live food for fish, homemade food for fish. Without consequences of fish you can not feed for two daysmoreover, such a procedure once a month will only benefit the fish. If we are talking about a long trip: a business trip or vacation, then you can not leave the fish alone. Read here this article VACATION AND AQUARIUM! How to leave the aquarium and fish alone without supervision? Fish feed can not be fedbecause current bakery products leave much to be desired (it’s not known what they crammed), besides the “Borodino bread” fish in nature do not eat.
4. How can you call a fish? How can you call the cockerel fish? There is a flight of your imagination. Here's an article take a look at NAMES FOR FISHES: HOW TO NAME FISH?
5. How can you catch a goldfish? The old man did it with a net. Aquarists do it with a net. Read, INVENTORY FOR AQUARIUM AND DEVICES: a net for fish, brushes for an aquarium, glue sealant for an aquarium, etc. aquarium tools.
6. Is it possible to eat aquarium fish? It is impossible. This topic is disclosed here. Is it possible to eat aquarium fish?
How much and how often to feed guppies?
It is guppies that open for most aquarists an amazing and wonderful world of aquarism. Indeed, most often these fish are turned on by novice aquarists in order to gain nursing and breeding skills.
And this is a great solution. On the one hand, guppies are among the most unpretentious fish. They are ready to eat any food and are able to live in the smallest aquarium - even in the usual three-liter jar. But at the same time they are surprisingly diverse and beautiful. Huge tails of different shapes, bright colors - thanks to all this, a flock of guppies looks great in good light. Of course, if you only recently brought them, then you probably wonder how much to feed the guppies and what.
In general, there is nothing complicated. To feed the guppy you need so much food, which will be eaten within five minutes. More feed is not needed - later the fish eat without much appetite, in reserve. Therefore, part of the food falls to the bottom, where it decomposes and spoils the water. And, of course, the extra food eaten turns into fat deposits, which will negatively affect the health of the fish.
So it will be useful to remember one of the main commandments of aquarists - it is better to underfeed than overfeed.
Guppy food quality is also not very picky. In general, you can even grow several generations of guppies, using only dry food - daphnia and gammarusa. But then you should not hope that the fish will be really big and bright.
So, if you have such an opportunity, it is better to combine dry fodder with bloodworms and pipemaker.
It is equally important to know how often to feed the guppies. The best solution would be two meals. Enough to feed the fish twice a day - in the morning and in the evening.
But this applies only to adults. If you grow fry, it is better to feed them three times a day. Live dust or a hard boiled yolk of a boiled egg, pounded and dissolved in water, is perfect for feeding.
But you have to be careful with him - the water may start to deteriorate from him.
How many times a day do you need to feed the fish in an aquarium?
In aquariums novice fish lovers die more often from overfeeding than from lack of food. the most important: it is better to feed the fish than to feed them !! ! to meet all the needs of an adult fish, it is enough to eat 2-3% (maximum 5%) of its weight per day! Having eaten "a little extra" in nature, fish have the opportunity to "lose weight" through exercise. In an aquarium, however, their mobility is limited; they do not have to spend energy on rescuing from predators, searching for and obtaining food. It turns out that overfeeding quickly leads to obesity, metabolic disorders and the functioning of internal organs. Constantly overeating fish lose their ability to breed, more susceptible to disease. Rotting remnants of uneaten food can spoil water and cause illness or even fish death. To feed once a day in small portions, so that the fish eat all the food in about five minutes (and it is enough to feed adult gold fish every other day !!!) Once a week it is not bad to arrange a fasting day and not to feed the fish at all. Pisces, like other cold-blooded animals, do not need to constantly spend energy on heating their own body, so they are easier to withstand a hunger strike. Aquarium fish are much more likely to die from overfeeding than from lack of food. Most of them calmly endure even a two-week fast! food should be varied! Food types: dry food, flakes, granules, natural food (live, frozen, gelled). Well, once you have an aquarium, then buy some aquarist reference book. now almost all pet stores have all the necessary literature. with fish no less trouble than with other animals.
Better two times: in the morning and in the evening. Try to do it at the same time. They will get used and will gather at the trough. Feed a little so that the water does not lose transparency. And one day a week arrange the hungry. Do not feed the fish at all. Then they will pick up all the food left at the bottom of previous feedings, and clean the aquarium from the remnants. Good luck to you!!