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How many times to feed the fish in the aquarium

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Properly feed the fish - moderately and not often

One of the first questions that people ask sellers of aquarium fish - and how to feed them correctly? You may think that this is a simple question, but far from it. Of course, if you do not want to bother yourself, you can just throw a few flakes into the aquarium, but if you want your fish to be healthy, play with all the colors of the rainbow and delight you, then we will tell you how to properly feed the aquarium fish.

How much to feed the fish?

I would say that the majority of aquarists feed their fish correctly, but too often they have to see how over-feeding turns the jar into a foul-smelling swamp or fish that is so overwhelmed that they forget how to swim.

And it is easy to understand why this is happening. There is no specific standard, and feeding fish may not be an easy task for a beginner. The fact is that with the fish, we most interact during feeding. And so you want to feed them a little bit more.

And a novice aquarist feeds the fish, every time he sees that they are lonely asking for feed from the front glass. And most of the fish will ask for food even when they are about to burst (this applies especially to cichlids), and it is so hard to understand when it is already enough.

And yet - how often do you need and how many times to feed aquarium fish? Fish should be fed 1-2 times a day (for adult fish, fry and adolescents should be fed much more often), and with the amount of food that they eat in 2-3 minutes. Ideally, no food would get to the bottom (but do not forget to feed catfish separately). We will immediately agree that we are not talking about herbivores, for example, ancistrus or brocade catfish. These eat almost around the clock, scraping algae. And do not worry, it is not necessary to carefully monitor each time if they ate, just a couple of times a week look.

Why is it so important not to overfeed the fish? The fact is that overfeeding negatively affects the state of the aquarium. Food falls to the bottom, gets into the ground, rots and starts to spoil the water, while serving as a nutrient base for harmful algae.
At the same time in the water accumulate nitrates and ammonia, which poison the fish and plants.
Dirty, algae-covered aquariums with sick fish are often the result of overfeeding and dirty water.

What to feed?

So, how to feed, we figured out ... And what to feed aquarium fish?
All feed for aquarium fish can be divided into four groups - branded, frozen, live food and vegetable food.

If you want to keep a healthy fish with a beautiful color, it is better to feed all kinds of these feeds. Of course, some fish can eat only live food, others only vegetable. But for ordinary fish, the ideal diet consists of branded feeds, regular feeding with live feeds, and not regular plant foods.

Branded feed - provided that you buy real ones, and not fake, can be the basis of the diet for most fish. Modern branded food for fish, contain all the necessary substances, vitamins and minerals, so that the fish was healthy. To buy such food is no longer a problem, and the choice is huge.
Separately, I will note the so-called dry food - dried gammarus, cyclops and daphnia. Extremely bad feeding option for any fish. Does not contain nutrients, poorly digested, allergen for people.
But do not use dry food - dried daphnia, there are almost no nutrients in it, fish suffer from stomach diseases and grow poorly!

Branded food - flakes, granules, pellets

Live food - one of the best fish feeds that need to be fed fish regularly. It is not necessary to feed the same species all the time, alternate, because fish loves diversity. Of the most common live food - bloodworm, tubule, koretra. But it also has serious drawbacks - you can bring diseases, poison the fish with poor-quality food, and you can’t carry out the bloodworm too often, it doesn’t digest the fish well. The simplest disinfection of live food is freezing, which kills some of the nastiness in it.

Motyl

Frozen feed - for some, live food can be unpleasant, and women do not welcome the swarming worms in the refrigerator ... Therefore, there is an excellent alternative - frozen live food for fish. I choose them for feeding, as they are easy to dose, they are easily stored, do not deteriorate, and contain all those substances that are alive. And often you can buy a mix of live food, which will contain several species - bloodworm, artemia and coretre together.

Frozen feed

Vegetable feed - rarely find a fish that sometimes does not eat plants in nature. And for most types of fish, vegetable food is desirable. Of course, there are exceptions in every rule and predators will not eat grass. Be sure to read what kind of food prefers fish living in your aquarium.
Vegetable food can be bought as branded, in tablets or in the form of flakes, and added to the aquarium on their own. For example, antsistrusy eat zucchini, cucumbers and cabbage with pleasure.

Conclusion

If you follow these tips, you do not overfeed the fish, give it a nutritious diet full of nutrients, and as a result you will get a beautiful, healthy fish that will live for a long time. Feeding fish is the basis of their content, and you will not regret the time spent if you do everything right from the very beginning.

How to feed aquarium fish

In order to understand how many times a day it is necessary to feed aquarium fish, it is necessary to understand the peculiarities of their nutrition in their natural habitat. All types of fish borrowed from their natural ancestors taste preferences and diet. What do all the fish usually eat?

Fish nutrition

  1. Herbivores - these fish have a long digestive system, which indicates the habit of often eating small portions. In their natural habitat, they eat algae, plants, fruits, and seeds.
  2. Carnivores - have a large stomach, so they eat a lot, but not as often as herbivores. In nature, these fish eat dead animals, small fish, insects, invertebrates, birds, amphibians.
  3. Omnivorous - the diet of these fish several times a day, they prefer both vegetable and protein foods.

See how to make vegetable food for aquarium fish.

According to the diet and diet, their aquarium fish need to be given such food that suits them. Typically, domestic fish fed live, frozen, dry, vegetable food, which is sold in stores. It is important that food be varied and rich in healthy vitamins and minerals.

Live food should be given to carnivorous and omnivorous fish. This is a bloodworm, a pipe worker, a daphnia, a coretera, an infusorium, a rotifer, a gammarus. They must be stored in the freezer, they quickly deteriorate. Fish fry need to be grown on live food, due to protein, they become resistant to diseases. Also, as a live feed, small fishes are served with veal, minced fish, chicken meat, liver, invertebrate meat, chicken eggs. Vegetable food is necessary for herbivorous and omnivorous fish - these can be vegetables, fruits, algae, plants, cereal porridge.

Once a week, the fish are satisfied with a fasting day, or a mini-hunger strike. It cleans the intestines, eliminates the effects of overeating, helps to heal sick fish. In the natural environment, fish can live without food for a long time, so a one-day hunger strike will not harm them.

About the regime of feeding in captivity

To feed the fish you need so that they do not overeat, and were full of food. Diet depends on the age of the pet and the characteristics of its digestive system. Adults usually eat 2 times a day, which is enough for them. Youngsters aged 1-2 months should eat 4 times a day. And fry up to one month old need to be fed every 3-6 hours. During the spawning period, the fish should be given less food, sometimes not feeding the first few days after breeding. Two weeks before spawning, producers, on the contrary, should correctly produce more live food.


No matter how many fish you keep, you need to give them all the food at the same time. Begin in the morning, an hour after turning on the lights. The last feeding should occur 2 hours before the lighting is turned off. The question of novice aquarists is how much food to give, and how often? Give us enough food so that they can eat it in 5 minutes. Do not feed often, but in small portions, so that they completely swallow them. Unfinished leftovers can be removed with a net to avoid rotting.

Feed pellets depend on the age and size of the fish. Juveniles should eat food that does not exceed the size of their eyes. Dry food in the form of granules, flakes and tablets is recommended to be ground to dust. Adult fish like to grab larger particles of food, they do not eat dust. In order for all the inhabitants of the household water body to be satisfied with feeding, install special feeders for dry and live food in the tank. Of these, food is not frayed, and pets can eat it calmly.

See how to properly feed dry fish aquarium fish.

How to feed fish

There are general feeding rules for all fish that need to be followed constantly:

  • Properly feed the fish with the food that is right for them, consider the physiological characteristics of all species living in the general aquarium.
  • Do not overfeed your pets - give food not too often, in small portions.
  • For aquarium fish, the best nutrition is a variety of foods.
  • No matter how much food you put in the tank, remove the remnants of it after the meal.
  • The number of meals should correspond to the size and age of the fish.
  • Do not feed the fish immediately after turning on the light, or before bedtime.
  • In the diet of aquarium fish should be natural food, and not just artificial, purchased.

What should get the fish from the feed received

How many times a week should a fish eat, and what portion of nutrients does it need to receive from food? It all depends on individual calculations. Carnivorous and omnivorous fish can be fed according to this scheme:

  • The first day of the week - dry food of the first type (chips or pellets) once a day.
  • The second - dry food of the second type, 1 time per day.
  • The third - live food (for example, artemia or bloodworms), 1 time per day.
  • The fourth - dry food of the first type, 2 times a day.
  • Fifth - dry or vegetable food, 2 times a day.
  • The sixth is live food (the pipe-worker, daphnia) and vegetable food.
  • The seventh - unloading diet.


Feeding in an aquarium can be made differently, and you can make your own scheme. Be sure to alternate between dry, live and vegetable food. If the fish is herbivorous, it should eat only vegetable and dry food (spirulina tablets). Do not forget about the vitamins that should receive a pet for a full life. If you buy food of famous brands, look at the composition, it indicates all the trace elements and vitamins that the fish will receive after eating.

  1. Vitamin A is needed for cell division, in particular in fry and young. Lack of this component can cause growth retardation, curvature of the spine and deformation of the fins, and constant stress.
  2. Vitamin E - plays an important role in the development of the reproductive system.
  3. Vitamin D3 is essential for the development and growth of the skeletal system.
  4. Vitamins of group B (thiamine - B1, riboflavin - B2, cyanocobalamin - B12) are necessary for the normalization of metabolic processes in the body.
  5. Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is involved in the formation of bone system and teeth, strengthens the immune system, improves metabolism.
  6. Vitamin H (biotin) - is required for proper cell formation.
  7. Vitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin, it is required for the synthesis of proteins, provides blood clotting.
  8. Vitamin M (B9, folic acid) - develops the immune system, the circulatory system. Improves scales color.
  9. Vitamin B4 (choline) - required for fish growth, synthesizes the amount of sugar in the blood.

What and how many times to feed aquarium fish?

In their natural environment, fish spend a lot of time searching for food. Predators hunt small relatives, medium-sized omnivores feed on insect larvae, algae and caviar of other fish. Whatever the fish eats - in its native element, it will always find suitable food for itself to survive and give birth to.

It is quite another thing - fish contained in captivity. Here, in the matter of food they can only rely on people. In aquarium conditions, fish entirely depend on the person - on the responsibility and the observation of its owner.

So how to feed aquarium fish? In fact, an unequivocal answer to this question is impossible. The only obvious thing is that the feed should be diverse and balanced. It is best to alternate several types of food. If you buy ready-made dry mixes in the form of "chips", granules or tablets - this is an excellent and useful delicacy for your fish.

Manufacturers of such dry mixes take into account all the characteristics of the body of fish, and this ready-made food always contains the right amount of proteins, carbohydrates and vitamins necessary for the full activity of aquarium inhabitants. But do not neglect the natural food - let's bloodworm, daphnia, Cyclops, carriage, crustaceans, etc.

Of course, each family of fish needs to choose an individual food. Make sure that the size of the feed is not too large. If the fish cannot swallow the flakes, they will remain hungry. Some species of fish live directly at the water's mirror, therefore, the food for them must remain at the surface. If the fish spends most of the time in the lower layers of the aquarium, they need food in tablets, which quickly sink to the bottom.

No less important is the question of how many times to feed aquarium fish.

Malki need a lot of energy and strength to grow. Therefore, they need to feed at least three to four times a day. Adult fish, as a rule, are fed in the morning and in the evening, but for some large breeds of predators it is enough one time. Once a week you can (and even need) arrange a fasting day.

Remember that round tummy is characteristic only for young individuals, and in adults it is a sign of overeating.

As for the number of servings, try to give exactly as much as the fish is able to eat in 15 minutes. Residues of food should not settle and clog the water in the aquarium, so it is better to clean them and not leave overnight.

How to feed aquarium fish?

Proper and rational nutrition of fish - a guarantee of health and longevity, not only adults, but also future offspring. Let's talk a little about nutrition, volume and feeding regimes. What feed is better to use, whether it is possible to give pets homemade or still better purchased.

It's no secret that nutrition is one of the most important components of life. From its quality, quantity and composition depends on how long and happy will be the life of an organism. Such arguments are valid for aquarium fish too. If you do not want your small water-loving pets to be stunted and constantly sick, you need to feed them with the right food that suits them. Also, do not forget about the balance of proteins, micro and macronutrients, fats and carbohydrates.

Food in vivo

In order to understand how to feed aquarium fish, you need to know what they eat in their natural habitat. As a rule, for different types of fish it is quite dissimilar products.

So what do fish eat? Consider this question in more detail.

Herbivores have a long digestive tract, which indicates the need for frequent feeding in small portions. The feeding of such fish in the natural environment, as a rule, consists of a variety of algae, plant particles, fruits and seeds.

Carnivorous species have, in turn, a pronounced large stomach, which means they must eat food in large quantities a small number of times. Under natural conditions, they usually feed on live or dead small animals, insects, birds, invertebrates, amphibians.

Omnivores. Even on the basis of their name, it becomes clear that such species prefer any acceptable food.

Which feed is better?

Each species requires a different food, so it is impossible to formulate a diet for all aquarium inhabitants at once. Only a specialist can help you with this. Of course, you can use homemade food in the diet of waterfowl, but you can not always take into account the full range of essential macro-and micronutrients. And the preparation of the feed itself requires a lot of time and taking into account all the technological nuances.

As a rule, fish kept in aquariums are fed mainly with dry food and insects, protozoa, sold in pet shops. It is advisable to add to this a small percentage of allowed for this type of natural products, such as fruits.

Live food is necessary for carnivorous and omnivorous fish, especially during the spawning period. To it can be attributed, for example, moth, pipemaker, daphnia, ciliates. Store such food in the freezer refrigerator. But the main thing is not to keep it for too long. There is a time for everything.

Fry raised on animal feed are more active in behavior and most resistant to diseases. The younger generation can be fed with yogurt. It contains the necessary bacteria and vitamins.

As a living food, you can use minced fish, poultry, liver, invertebrates, eggs. And from plant foods algae, vegetables, fruits, cereals are perfect.


Hunger for body benefits

Approximately 1 time a week, the fish need to organize a preventive hunger strike. This will help cleanse their intestines. Especially it is not necessary to burden the food of sick individuals, it will slow down the healing process. It is better to hold them for 2 days without food, do not worry, they will not die of hunger. In natural conditions, they are not able to eat for very long.

Other useful materials on AquariumGuide.ru:

How to run the aquarium for the first time?

Why do you need aeration in the aquarium read here.

Feeding mode

The feeding regime, as a rule, directly depends on the age of the fish. Adults have enough 2 meals a day. This completely covers their needs. At the same time, the fry from 1 to 2 months are fed 4 times a day. Up to 1 month - every 3-4 hours, young fry - every 6 hours.

During spawning, fish-producers are cut back on food, not feeding the first couple of days, and after giving significantly less food than during normal times.

Feeding time should be no more than 5 minutes. This gap is enough to fish ate. After that, it is necessary to remove the remains, otherwise they will begin to rot and spoil the entire internal environment of the aquarium.

It is very important to remember that the size of food particles for different age groups is also different.

For very young fish, it should not exceed the size of the eye, otherwise the fry simply will not be able to eat it and will always remain hungry. Therefore, large dry food need to fray fingers in fine dust. You can buy ready-ground powdered fry food.

At the same time, adults are not enthusiastic about eating crumbs at all, so they need more impressive pieces.

To ensure that all residents of the aquarium will be satisfied, you can resort to using special feeders (for live and dry food). Such troughs are attached to the aquarium and they are already feeding there directly. So the food does not spread across the entire surface of the aquarium, and the fish can safely eat it.

Feeding rules

Much has already been said about feeding rules. However, it is necessary to combine them into one section for the convenience of readers.

Basic feeding rules:

  • feed the appropriate food for this type of fish;
  • do not overfeed;
  • give a variety of products;
  • clean up the rest of the feed net;
  • the number of feedings should be commensurate with age;
  • do not feed at bedtime;
  • The presence of natural food in the diet is required.

When starting any living creature at home, it is important to always remember that it is not only joy, but also a great responsibility. Without proper care, any living thing will not live long. Not an exception and fish. Therefore, watching your diet, do not forget about little friends. And then they will delight you with their beauty and playful mood for a very long time.

Video from professional aquarists about proper feeding of fish:

How much and how often to feed guppies?

It is guppies that open for most aquarists an amazing and wonderful world of aquarism. Indeed, most often these fish are turned on by novice aquarists in order to gain nursing and breeding skills.

And this is a great solution. On the one hand, guppies are among the most unpretentious fish. They are ready to eat any food and are able to live in the smallest aquarium - even in the usual three-liter jar. But at the same time they are surprisingly diverse and beautiful. Huge tails of different shapes, bright colors - thanks to all this, a flock of guppies looks great in good light. Of course, if you only recently brought them, then you probably wonder how much to feed the guppies and what.

In general, there is nothing complicated. To feed the guppy you need so much food, which will be eaten within five minutes. More feed is not needed - later the fish eat without much appetite, in reserve. Therefore, part of the food falls to the bottom, where it decomposes and spoils the water. And, of course, the extra food eaten turns into fat deposits, which will negatively affect the health of the fish.

So it will be useful to remember one of the main commandments of aquarists - it is better to underfeed than overfeed.

Guppy food quality is also not very picky. In general, you can even grow several generations of guppies, using only dry food - daphnia and gammarusa. But then you should not hope that the fish will be really big and bright.

So, if you have such an opportunity, it is better to combine dry fodder with bloodworms and pipemaker.

It is equally important to know how often to feed the guppies. The best solution would be two meals. Enough to feed the fish twice a day - in the morning and in the evening.

But this applies only to adults. If you grow fry, it is better to feed them three times a day. Live dust or a hard boiled yolk of a boiled egg, pounded and dissolved in water, is perfect for feeding.

But you have to be careful with him - the water may start to deteriorate from him.

How many times to feed aquarium fish

vadik vadik

When the aquarist gets enough experience, he will learn to count the strictly necessary amount of food. But for beginners, there is one important rule: at one time, fish should be given as much food as they can eat in about five minutes. If the fish are overfed or a large amount of their food has accidentally entered the aquarium (for example, a can of food has fallen), the excess must be removed from the aquarium as soon as possible before it begins to decompose. As mentioned earlier, the possible types of feed and the frequency of feeding depend on the type of fish, and in addition, they can be influenced by environmental factors. Most fish species, as well as fry of almost all species in nature, feed continuously, so it is better to feed them in small portions several times a day than to give a large portion once a day. When keeping a common aquarium with many different fish, it is usually recommended to feed them two or three times a day in small portions. Exceptions are fish that feed on large prey. For example, some predators can eat a whole fish, which is only half the size of itself. Such fish need to be fed only two or three times a week, they may even refuse additional food if they offer it

How to feed aquarium fish?

Elena Gabrielyan

Adult fish are fed once a day, 6 days a week and given just enough so that within 2 to a maximum of 5 minutes they are completely eaten without any residue, 1 day should be unloading (fish are not fed). It is best to feed in the morning an hour after turning on the light in the aquarium.
Teenagers are fed 2 times in the morning and evening in the same morning one hour after the light is turned on and in the evening one hour before it is turned off.
Water NEVER CHANGES completely, but only replaces 1 to 7 to 10 days with a ground siphon of 10-20% of the total.

Olga Valanina

It depends on what kind of fish you better go to the zoo shop to get tips. Then they will tell you only how to feed crucians.
It is necessary to change the water correctly, if you drain more than you need, the fish will die. How to do it all and a hose for changing the water is in the zoo shop.

Natalia A.

It all depends on what kind of fish, adult fish are fed 1-2 times a day, once a week, unloading, teenagers 3-4, men more often and little by little, during the feeding time Lena stated everything, I will repeat a maximum of 5 minutes the feed should to be eaten, it is better to underfed the fish than to overfeed, a half-starved fish is a healthy fish, it does not change correctly, but water is replaced, all the dirt from the bottom is collected with a siphon, while part of the water is drained, freshly replenished is replenished, substitutions are made every 7-10 25-30% days.

Sergey Romanov

Regardless of the size and type of fish, you need to feed once a day (adults) the feeder should be in the same place, food should be eaten within 5-10 minutes, it is desirable to remove the remains. The best food is a small bloodworm, do not forget to wash it so that the infection in the aquarium is not brought, if the feed is dry, then select, depending on the type of fish, bottom feed sinking granules that live near the surface (like iris) with floating granules. Water can be changed 2-3 times a month, with equal intervals of 1/5 of the volume, in this case, you can not even defend the water. And there is a lot of literature on this topic, read do not be lazy!

Why is the water in the aquarium dimmed and smells unpleasant? Aquarium for 4 days ... How many times a day to feed the fish?

Elena Gabrielyan

That is why the water and dimmed, that the aquarium is only 4 days from launch. Do not worry - it's all okay to establish a biological balance. It will take from 7 to 15 days. You do not touch the aquarium, do not change or pour water, let the filter work not to turn it off (it turns off only during the flushing time). Fish (if you have already launched them) do not feed for 2-3 days (nothing terrible will happen to them during this time), if they are not there then do not rush into launching to fully establish biological equilibrium, be sure to plant a lot of live, fast-growing durable plants: Hygrophile , Arrowhead, Kabomba, Valisneria) they will pull all the organic matter from the soil and water.
Ps. And the MOST MAIN ERROR OF ALL BEGINNERS IS THE FEEDING: You need to feed like this: teenagers 2 times a day once in the morning one hour after turning on the light in the aquarium and an hour before turning it off, adult fish 1 time (feeding time you choose yourself) and make sure that during 2 a maximum of 5 minutes, the feed was completely eaten without any residue, 1 day a week must be unloading.

Good luck to you

Sergey Shpynkov

Feed the fish 1-2 times a day, little by little. Be sure to need a filter and LIVE plants. The smaller the aquarium, the greater the trouble. One fish in an aquarium should account for 5-10 liters of water. - In short, the basic rules.

Yury Balashov

The water dimmed in a new aquarium
1. fish no longer sit down (until normal biobalance is established)
2.Fish not to feed (until normal biobalance is established)
3. plant a lot of living plants
4. ground fractions from 3 to 8 mm
5. do not substitute water (until normal biobalance is established)
6. Do not turn off the filter day or night (rinse as needed only in aquarium water)
7. with a clear imbalance desirable aeration
8. The density of the fish should be normal (for this you need to sound about * em aquarium)
9. MAIN ERROR OF ALL BEGINNERS OF AQUARIUMISTS - overfeeding, you need to feed so that ALL (completely) feed is * eden in 1-2 minutes, maximum 3
10.If after three minutes the feed remains on the surface or on the ground, it needs to be dripped off
11. Once a week it is necessary to replace 20-30% of settled water (at least one day)
12. Do not spare money for plants, they help the aquarium to survive, they absorb all the byaku that the fishes do, and besides, the living vegetable aquarium is much more beautiful than with plastic plants.
good luck in your endeavors

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