How much is an aquarium?
How much is an aquarium?
The question that starts a fascinating hobby!
Dear reader, in this article we will discuss with you the first question that a person asks when he decides to engage in aquarism - "And how much is it worth - is it aquarium pleasure?"
Just want to say that our site always seeks to develop an aquarium culture, to instill a love of nature, to teach people to understand and feel its laws. Therefore, we suggest that you do not limit your desire to start an aquarium by reading only this material. Aquarium theme is limitless and diverse. The deeper you dive into the beautiful world of aquarium fish, the more exciting your trip will be!
So, before covering the everyday question - how much is an aquarium? It is worth saying that any undertaking is born from an idea! Therefore, first of all, you need to imagine what you want in the end: what kind of fish, what design, will there be plants, snails, shrimps, other aquatic animals in an aquarium? After that, you need to read the materials telling about the conditions of maintenance and compatibility of aquatic organisms, to study the issue of proper decoration of the aquarium, in the end, visit us at forum and ask questions that remain incomprehensible to you. Why is this so important? The avaricious person pays twice, it is better to foresee everything at once, in order to avoid a convulsive race at pet stores and cutting out money from the salary for the missing aquarium equipment or hydrochemistry.
It doesn't matter what question you asked in the search engine:
How much is an aquarium 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90, 100, 200, 300, large or small?
First, what you need to know is that aquariums sell different brands and each has its own pricing policy. There are domestic aquariums that are cheap, there are imported aquariums, the price of which is several times higher.
From this, you must conclude that you should not throw and buy the first available aquarium. Rate the full range of services!
With regard to imported aquariums, they cost more, but their quality is good. At the same time, this does not mean that the domestic aquarium collapses, a year after the purchase. Not! Here, for example, see the article. about inexpensive aquariums TM "Nature", the price is captivating. And it should be said that such an aquarium has been serving for many decades. I speak from personal experience.
Implement what has been said and ask the price, you can, without leaving your home. For example, after analyzing the pricing policy at aquarium online stores:
For Russia, for example, AquaLogo store - //www.aqua-shop.ru/
For Ukraine, for example, the shop Arovana - //www.arowana-im.com.ua/
Second one what you have to consider is that besides the aquarium, you must purchase aquarium equipment and decor. At least the filter, heater, soil.
Third, Do not forget about the starting aquarium chemistry, which is desirable to use when starting the aquarium. Tetra AquaSafe, Tetra Baktozym, Tetra Nitrate Minus Perls will already cost on the volume of the aquarium 100l. about 1000-1500 rubles.
Fourth - These are hydrobionts! And the fifth - aquarium equipment (siphon, dip net, thermometer, scrapers, etc.).
In total, even if you have a small aquarium ... a tidy sum comes out!
Is it possible to save? Can!
First, you can start with unpretentious fish or fish resistant to adversity, for example, cichlid.
Secondly, the soil, snags, stones in the aquarium can be picked up in the forest, on the beach or by the river. Materials on the preparation of such a decor, you can find on our website and forum. Moreover, this decor is much better than what is sold in pet stores, because it is chosen by you with love, according to your individual requests, without any restriction in the choice, and most importantly it is free!
Separately, it is worth negotiating the cost of the herbal aquarium - aquarium with plants
If you decide that you will have an underwater garden, then when buying an aquarium, you should know three very important points.
The first, This is what aquarium manufacturers save on aquarium lighting. And in the regular aquarium covers built lighting is insufficient for the maintenance of plants. Why? It's simple, sometimes good aquarium lighting for plants is more expensive than the aquarium itself. Here the producers try not to scare buyers with prices, they put an "inexpensive minimum". Under such minimal lighting, only the most unpretentious aquarium plants can grow: cryptocorynes, wallisneria, anubiases ...
The solution to the issue of coverage, you will also find on our website:
Aquarium lighting, choice of lamps
DIY aquarium lighting, spotlights in an aquarium
Reflectors in the aquarium
LED tape in the aquarium
Second moment lies in the dimensions of the herbal aquarium. It should not be high. 35-45 cm. This is the norm for such an aquarium. This is due to the fact that the lower the level of the water column in the aquarium, the more light comes to the plants.
And thirdYou must consider the cost of hydrochemistry and fertilizer for aquarium plants. Which also cost money.
You can talk for a long time about the cost of the aquarium and the nuances of its choice, but, alas, it is not possible to tell everything in one article. Therefore, completing the article, I propose to move from words to numbers.
Approximate cost of an average aquarium with equipment, inventory and decor, excluding hydrobionts and aquarium chemistry
The cost of an aquarium is 10 liters ~ the price is 10-50 USD
The cost of an aquarium is 20 liters ~ the price is 30-50 USD
The cost of an aquarium is 30 liters ~ the price is 50-100 USD
The cost of an aquarium is 40 liters ~ the price is 60-120 USD
The cost of an aquarium is 50 liters ~ the price is 80-150 cu
The cost of an aquarium is 60 liters ~ the price is 90-170 USD
The cost of an aquarium is 70 liters ~ the price is 100-200 USD
The cost of an aquarium is 80 liters ~ the price is 120-220 USD
The cost of an aquarium is 90 liters ~ the price is 150-300 USD
The cost of an aquarium is 100 liters ~ the price is 160-350 cu
The cost of an aquarium is 200 liters ~ the price is 200-500 cu
The cost of an aquarium is 300 liters ~ the price is 300-1000 USD
The cost of aquarium 100l. dense herbalist ~ price 300-1000 USD (including hydrobionts, chemistry and Udo).
The cost of aquarium 100l. cichlid ~ price of 100-500 USD (including hydrobionts and chemistry).
Top 10 fish to start with
Deciding what kind of fish to start first in your tank can be sudden, and can be thought out. Unfortunately, novice aquarists are often guided by the very first impulse, completely without understanding the fish. And then, instead of joy and pleasure, they get a headache and problems. You need to choose the fish wisely, because their life and your comfort depend on your choice. Before you go to the store or to the market, study all the available information about the fish that you liked.
What kind of fish is not worth buying for beginners, we have considered here. And the top 10 unusual fish here.
And in order to make it easier for you to navigate, we have compiled a list of the best aquarium fish for beginners and briefly described them. All of them are distinguished by unpretentiousness, tolerance to conditions in an aquarium, peaceful nature, livableness and modest size. We hope that it will help make your choice easier!
A classic for any newcomer to aquarism is guppies. They are very unpretentious, livable, and just get divorced. It is very easy to distinguish males from females, males have a big tail, they are much brighter, and their anal fin is elongated. The females are larger, fuller and the anal fin is shorter, and most importantly - they are gray, only the tail fin can be colored. They are viviparous, which means - the fry immediately swim and are adapted to life. At one time, the female guppy can sweep from 10 to 60 fry. But if you leave the fry in the general aquarium, it will be eaten quickly, you need to catch the fry in a separate container. To breed them is very simple, it is enough to keep together the males and females.
Guppies eat all kinds of feed, can grow well on branded feeds - flakes, granules, etc. It is worth noting that beginners are not recommended to start pedigree forms of guppies, because of the long mixing of blood, they, on the contrary, have become capricious and difficult to maintain.
Males of guppies of different breeds
There is also a species of Endler's guppy. The differences between endlers are much smaller in themselves, the males are not veiled, they are much more agile, the fry are less infected, but the fry themselves are larger and breed more often.
Sword-bearers / Molly / Pocilia /
We will unite them in one group (swordtails / mollies / squares /), since they are very similar in behavior and content, although outwardly they are very different. Just like guppies, they are viviparous. And that means there will be no problems with the fry, he immediately swims, eats, hides.
They are very simply divorced, the principle is the same as that of a guppy - just keep the males and females together. They are very bright and mobile fish, you will not need to look for them to consider, on the contrary, they will always beg for food from you. They tolerate various conditions in the aquarium and forgive mistakes that beginners often make. They eat all kinds of live, artificial, frozen feed. In general, they are similar to guppies in content, but outwardly larger, have a variety of color and body shape. As a precaution - do not buy a lot of male Swordtails in one aquarium, they can fight!
Petilia and mollies during feeding
Danio rerio is a small (up to 5-6 cm), elegant fish. For its small size, peaceful disposition and unpretentiousness, it has earned great popularity in aquarium.
Since this is a schooling fish, it is better to keep at least 5-6 individuals. The aquarium can be planted with plants, but it is important that the danios have free space for swimming near the surface, as this is a very mobile fish. If you are going to have a veil form, do not plant them with fish that may tear off fins, for example, with a Sumatran barbus. The aquarium should be closed, as danios can jump out of the water.
Omnivorous, they eat any kind of feed - branded, live, frozen. It is better to feed them with flakes, as they pick up food from the surface of the water and they don’t collect them for a long time without sinking. It is very easy to breed danios, for once the female lays from 200 to 500 eggs.
This is a very small (2.5-3 cm) and very unpretentious fish. However, it is brightly colored, just divorced and completely non-aggressive, even the cardinals do not touch their fry. They tolerate cold water, some even keep them in the summer in a pond in the yard. They love to move in the middle layers, and also like to gather in flocks. You need to keep them in small flocks, from 6 pieces. Although it is possible and large, with its modest size, the cardinals do not require large aquariums. With good content can live up to 3 years.
These are small, mobile, beautiful and pack catfish. There are many different types of corridors, but the most popular are speckled catfish and golden catfish. All of them are similar in their behavior - living at the bottom, they are constantly looking for remnants of food, thereby cleaning the aquarium. They are very mobile, while remaining quite small, and carry the widest range of conditions.
Any type of feed is suitable for feeding, but it is important to ensure that the feed falls to the bottom, and catfish do not stay hungry while other fish stuff their bellies. It is best to feed the corridors with special food for catfish, they quickly sink, and falling to the bottom do not fall apart. It is better to keep the corridors in the flock, they like to live surrounded by relatives, and it is very interesting to watch them in the flock.
Very beautiful and very small fish, which is perfect in the neighbors for all of the above fish. Grow up to 5 cm and very peaceful. Beautiful coloring, on which a black spot stands out (for which it got its name), its small size and peaceful disposition made it very popular. It is better to keep the cuneiform pack in a flock, and there should be enough free space in the aquarium for swimming. The flock rasbor keeps together and very much decorates any aquarium. You can feed a variety of feeds, it is only important not to give large ones, as it simply cannot swallow them.
This is one of the most unusual fish that even an inexperienced aquarist can see.
Related to the vines, it resembles a small snake. But it is completely harmless, and quite durable. Acantoftalmus often hides during the day, and in order for him to feel comfortable he needs shelter and soft soil in which he likes to dig. In soft ground, he is able to find and dig a buried moth, not to mention other feed.
If there is sand in the aquarium, it will be buried in it with pleasure. So it helps to keep the aquarium clean, eating everything that falls to the bottom. You can feed him with any sinking feed, but additionally pour feed for catfish, better at night. Can escape from the aquarium, you need to cover it. The readers said that in the sand they could dig in stones, but I had never met with such a thing, mine definitely did not undermine anything.
Fishes belong to the same genus - labyrinth. These fish live in water that is poor in oxygen and adapted to this by learning to breathe oxygen from the surface. You will see how they rise to it, to take another breath of air. Small, peaceful, males are very brightly colored, and their ventral fins have turned into long processes. You can feed any feed, including floating. Only give the moth with care and a little, it is poorly digested.
Already after the publication of the article, my readers corrected. The essence - liliaus can be difficult for beginners (he is just a little flaky and jealous of females). I agree, and add that there is another wonderful fish of the same kind - gourami. There are many types, but for beginners a good choice would be marble gourami. Very hardy, peaceful, of unusual shape and color. It is generally similar to lyalius, but larger and less demanding. So you can stop at this gorgeous fish, and start up a little later.
Peaceful, small fish, the males of which have a very bright color, for which they got their name. This is a schooling fish, so to keep a cherry barb is better from 5 pieces. But you will notice that he keeps loosely, gathering in a flock only in case of fright. The size of the cherry barb is small, the color of the males is bright red and very noticeable, the requirements for the content are low. This is a good fish to mention on our list.
A pair of cherry barbs
Perhaps this is the largest fish from the list, grows about 15 cm, if the aquarium allows. But he earned his popularity for his unusual appearance, for clearing the aquarium and his stamina. Antsistrus is a catfish, but catfish is unusual, it lives in nature due to the fact that it eats algae and fouling.
And his mouth turned into a suction cup, with which he scrapes it all. In the aquarium, he is a cleaner walls and decor. The males have unusual growths on the head, making it very memorable. Peaceful, but with other males can arrange fights. For him, it is important vegetable food, you need to feed special pills.
Of course, this is an incomplete list, and after thinking it can be increased significantly. But the task was to acquaint beginner aquarists.
Beginners, I recommend first to learn all about the fish that you liked, and choose first of all hardy, easy-care, and peaceful fish that get along well with others in the general aquarium.
And experienced ask for your thoughts about the fish, which they consider simple, in the comments below. I am sure many beginners will thank you for it.
How much are the fish or the price of aquarium fish!
HOW MUCH DOES FISHING
price of aquarium fishThis selection of the cost of aquarium fish was obtained by analyzing the Internet data for 2013. I think that tying the value of the fish to the US dollar will make the data relevant even after many years))) It should be noted that the prices in this list are indicated mainly for young aquarium fish (3-4 months).
Prices for adults vary significantly.
Agamiks cost - $ 4
Acantoftalmus cost - $ 3.1
Shark Ball cost - $ 3.7
Antsistrus cost - 1,5-3,5 $
Ramires apistogram cost - $ 4.7-6.2
Astronotus cost - $ 7.8
AfiHaraks redfin cost - $ 2.5
Afiharaks Paraguayan cost - $ 2.5
Barbus scarlet cost - $ 4.7
Barbus cherry cost - $ 1.6
Barbus Denison cost - $ 15-37
Barbus costlifting cost - 2.5-4.7 $
Barbus leshvidny cost - $ 4,7-15
Barbus mossy cost - 2.5-4.7 $
Barbus fiery cost - $ 1.9-3.7
Barbus Panda cost - 3.1-4.7 $
Barbus Sumatran cost - $ 1.2-2.5
Barbus Schubert cost - $ 2.5-3.7
Botsiya clown cost - $ 6.2-8
Botion Modest cost - $ 4.7-6.3
Botion marble cost - $ 2.5
Velifera cost - $ 4
Vualekhvost, Oranda and Riukina cost - $ 3
Hyrinoheilius cost - 1.6-3 $
Guppy cost - $ 3
Gourami cost - 3.1 - 4.7 $
Gourami pearl cost - $ 3.1-7.8
Gourami gold cost - $ 1.9-6.2
Gourami honey cost - 3.1-4.7 $
Gourami marble cost - $ 1.9-6.2
Danio Malabar cost - $ 2
Данио розовый стоимость - 0,7 $
Данио Сондхи стоимость - 3 $
Данио Хорпа стоимость - 2 $
Данио стоимость - 0,7 $
Жемчужина стоимость - 4 $
Золотые рыбки (взрослые) стоимость - до 90 $
Карднинал стоимость -1,5 $
Карнигиелла мраморная стоимость - 6,2 $
Кои - карпы стоимость - от 6,3 $
Коридоратус Панда стоимость - 4 $
Коридоратус Штербы стоимость - 6,2 $
Коридоратус Юли стоимость - 6,2 $
Mottled catfish cost - $ 1.7-3
Ctenopoma leopard cost - $ 3.2
Labeo two-color cost - $ 2.6-6
Labeo green cost - $ 2.7-6
Lyalius cost - $ 4.7-6.2
Macrognatus ocellular cost - $ 2.7-6
Metinis moon cost - $ 3-4
Fork Swordsman - $ 3-4
Swordsman cost - $ 3.2
Bagging som cost -1.4-2.5 $
Mistus cost - 1.4-2.5 $
Beckford's nannostomus cost - 2-3 $
Neon blue cost - $ 1.5
Neon red cost - 3.1-4 $
Neon black cost - $ 1.4
Knife with eyed Read cost - $ 18-25
Orantus red cost - $ 1.6-2.1
Orantus black cost - $ 1.6-2.1
Pangasius Siamese cost - $ 4-6
Cock, Betta cost - 3.1-4 $
Pecilia Disc Value - $ 2.5
Pecilya multicolor cost - $ 2.5
Pecillia black mollies cost - $ 3
Polyperus cost - $ 6.2-9
Pristella cost - $ 1.5
Pterigoplicht brocade cost - $ 3.5-31
The iris neon cost - $ 3.4
The iris three-band cost - $ 6.2-9.2
Rasbora Hengel cost - $ 2.8
Rasbora cost - $ 1.7
Rastbor Savba cost - $ 3
Rotostomus cost - $ 3.3
Fish parrot cichlid cost - $ 10-15
Siamese last price - $ 2.6
Sindontis Cuckoo cost - $ 3-4
Sindontis Petrikola cost - $ 6-8
Scalar cost - from $ 2.7
Tayeria cost - $ 1.6
Tarakatum cost - $ 2.7
Black telescope cost - $ 4.6
Ternest cost - $ 1.7
Blue tetra (boelka) cost - $ 1.7
Tetra garnet (Pulcher) cost - $ 1.7
Tetra Curry (Neon Violet) cost - $ 1.4
Tetra Colombian cost - $ 1.5
Tetra Congo cost - $ 3
Bloody Tetra (Minor) cost - $ 2.8
Tetra lemon cost - 1.6 $
Copper tetra (Hasemania) cost - $ 1.6
Tetra Plotvichka (Tetragonopterus) cost - $ 1.5
Fire tetra (Erythrosonus) cost - $ 1.6
Tetra crescent (Serpas) cost - $ 3
Tetra glass cost - $ 1.6
Black knife cost - $ 9-13
Sea Aquarium in your home! How to start and how much?
Sea Aquarium in your home! Where to begin?
Seawater aquarium can be a central element of the interior of your home or workplace.
But the question is:
What can you do to buy and install a marine aquarium?
How much time and effort will take further care of the marine aquarium?
How do marine aquariums differ from each other, and which one is best suited for a particular interior?
Not every aquarist keen on his business will be able to thoroughly and clearly answer such questions to you, let alone those who are just beginning to think about such a purchase. We will try to present in this article the main and secondary points related to the purchase and subsequent maintenance of the aquarium. Go.
In the aquarium market there are a considerable number of manufacturers. Each of them practices its own marketing policy and has certain advantages over competitors. German aquariums AquaMedic, "Israelis" RedSea, the Japanese company ADA, the Chinese brand Anubias - by clicking on the link AQUARIUMS, You will note more than a dozen other companies and countries where these firms are located.
For an example that will help us estimate the estimated cost of the entire list of accessories and materials that you will need to fully maintain your piece of the sea, take the inexpensive 30-liter AQUAEL NanoReef aquarium from Poland. Let's explore what features and properties we can get for 7225 rubles (after reading the list, you can immediately walk HERE)
- Dimensions - 30x30x35 cm.
- Existence of the external filter of backpack type.
- Equipping with two lamps of 11 W each.
- Cover glass and rear tinted wall in blue
Now we will start filling our aquarium with all sorts of useful things and materials that will add to this glass vessel the effect of a real seabed. They can be divided into three categories:
- What you need to purchase at the very beginning.
- The fact that you can buy a little later.
- Animals, which we want to populate the aquarium.
List number one:
- Sea salt. A seven-kilogram bucket of Red Sea Coral Pro Salt, which is really long enough, will cost you 1.730 rubles.,
- Hydrometer to measure the density and salinity of water. The inexpensive model of production Fluval costs us 590 rubles.
- Living stones. We take 4 kg, at a price of 1.350 rubles. for 1 kg.,
- Live stones, small / fight 1 kg., They will cost 940 rubles. ,
- Living sand. 10 kg. for 2.200 rubles.,
- Distilled water.
List number two:
osmosis for saltwater aquarium
- Installation of reverse osmosis, for example, Dennerle Professional 130 model for 5.295 rubles. It will filter the water and maintain the ecosystem of your aquarium.,
- A set of tests that read important water parameters (such as pH). Estimated cost - 6.150 rubles.
List number three:
- Two three-tape clown Ocellaris, each fish costs 645 rubles.,
- Two strombus - black-necked and / or Canarian Guido. 535 rub. for one snail.,
- Cancer hermit. Small (blue), but at 630 rubles. Or large (diogenic), but at 885 rubles. Take for a start small.,
- Actinia brick. The most exotic tenant of your aquarium will cost 3780 rubles.,
- Granulat XL dry granulated feed. 400 rub. for 250 ml.,
We calculate the total estimate and the cost of each list separately.
List # 1
List # 2
List # 3
Now let's analyze the main points of our lists in more detail:
Salt for marine aquarium
In no case can you use ordinary cooking or cosmetic salts for aquariums. Harmless to the inhabitants of your aquarium will only sea salt, sold in specialized stores. The most versatile and high-quality options can be the products of the companies Red Sea and Tropic Marin, its composition is perfect even for aquariums, recreating the ecosystems of coral reefs.
Instruments for measuring and monitoring parameters in the marine aquarium
Most inhabitants of saltwater aquariums can only feel comfortably in water with certain properties. Temperature, density, salinity, oxygen saturation and many other parameters of aquarium water can be monitored and controlled using a specific set of measuring equipment. Consider several types of such equipment a little closer.
Refractometer - optical device, at the professional level, measuring salinity and density of water. He assesses the degree of refraction of a ray of light passing through a tiny, a few drops of water sample. And based on how strong the refraction (refraction) of light in the sample is, it gives the exact value of the density of water, as well as the percentage of salts contained in it.
Hydrometer - a kind of high-precision thermometer (although it does not measure the temperature). So high-precision that such devices are often used in laboratory research. To determine the salinity of the water, the areometer requires a strictly specified water temperature - 25 ° C. You simply immerse the device in a filled aquarium and determine its salinity level in a matter of seconds. On the scale of each hydrometer there is a green zone, within which salinity is considered normal for aquarium living creatures.
Hydrometer - is a device that measures the salinity and density of water. It also needs a liquid of a certain temperature (25 ° C), at which accurate data on the salinity of sea water are displayed on a large and convenient scale of the hygrometer.
Living stones for marine aquarium
live rocks for saltwater aquarium
live rocks for saltwater aquarium
Living stones are a very important component of the marine ecosystem. Actually, why are these stones called "alive"? Each such stone is in fact not a real stone. In most cases, it is a piece of the surface of a coral reef and has a porous structure, becoming a large apartment building for a great variety of microscopic algae and animal organisms. They pass seawater through themselves, converting potential pollutants (nitrates, phosphates, various organic acids, etc.) into chemically and biologically neutral compounds. The water becomes cleaner, safer and healthier for fish and other inhabitants of the aquarium. This also contributes to the chemical composition of living stones, enriching the water with calcium ions, magnesium, bicarbonate ions and other minerals. Such stones can be located directly on the aquarium floor (some of them look damn impressive) and lie in the biofilter. And over time, the microorganisms inhabiting them will gradually leave their native stone apartments, finding new places in the tiny cavities of the soil or scenery, without ceasing to carry their beneficent filtering mission.
Live stones small / fight.
Exactly the same stones, only crushed to the state of a large crumb. They are used in the cavities of aquarium filters, where they become an excellent replacement for the sponge located there by default. Unlike standard sponges, small live stones are a much more powerful barrier against harmful substances such as nitrates.
Live sand for marine aquarium
live sand for marine aquarium
Living sand has in its composition, as an inorganic substrate, and tiny forms of living organisms - invertebrates and bacteria. A 3-6 cm layer of sand at the bottom of the aquarium will carry both an aesthetic function, creating a feeling of a real seabed, as well as a whole range of practical functions that benefit the whole aquarium.
- Many fish and other inhabitants of the aquarium use living sand as an abundant and permanent source of food - living organisms contained in it reproduce at an enviable rate, maintaining a stable amount of organic matter in the sand. Some other fish swallow sand in order to improve digestion.
- Living sand helps in maintaining the balance of chemicals in the water. Its alkaline structure has a positive effect on the pH level, and new calcium and strontium ions, important for many inhabitants of the aquarium, are continuously released into the water.
- Of course, living sand itself is home to many biological species - starfish, snaketails, bottom digging fishes, crustaceans. They will not be able to live in an aquarium without a sufficient layer of live sand at its bottom.
Like living stones, sand also has the ability to “age” over time. Experts recommend either to completely change it, or just periodically fill up some fresh live sand to the bottom. It is impossible to keep the tank with live sand in the open state for more than a day, otherwise it could end in death for the organisms inhabiting it.
Summing up, we can conclude that creating a piece of the sea at home is not at all difficult and relatively budget-friendly. Completely ready system on 30 liters, will leave to you in 36.550 rubles.
Photo-collection of beautiful marine aquariums
Marine Aquarium video about the launch and arrangement
Aquarium of 20 liters - the decoration of any interior
Not everyone has a place to put an aquarium or time to devote to caring for them. The best way out is to have an aquarium of 20 liters, which can decorate a desktop or a small table. In any case, he will give the room some zest, if properly kept clean and organize the space for the little inhabitants.
It is not uncommon for small aquariums that they organize spring-water filters, which make the reservoir interesting. The meaning of the spring is to create a fancy bundle for the sand, which looks very much like fancy stones. This can be achieved through carbon dioxide, which precipitates and binds the sand between them.
A special find for the aquarist is sandstone, which for such a small volume does not need much. This decorative material allows you to create unique compositions that advantageously emphasize the beauty of the aquarium in the photo and live. For small aquariums suitable plates, which successfully disguise servicing devices, in large - create a unique relief.
Decor and equipment of a small aquarium
The big problem of small aquariums is the instability of water quality indicators. To create suitable conditions in a reservoir of 20 liters is not an easy task, but it has a solution. Different, even the most insignificant factors can affect the quality of water, for example, the excess of the number of inhabitants per tail or the excess of the feeding rate. Another major concern is providing oxygen to the aquarium. With a large number and small volume, oxygen in the water quickly ends, and the fish suffer from oxygen starvation. We have to solve the problem of optimizing the environment. The filter for a large aquarium is not appropriate here, so you have to solve the problem in other ways.
Normal filter is not suitable because:
- Takes a lot of space;
- It has a large capacity;
- Creates a current;
- It spoils the plants and carries away the fish.
The only way out is to create an airlift filter with your own hands. It will help solve all the problems of water, but will create additional inconveniences:
- The main of which are splashes from the aquarium. This option is extremely inconvenient for placement on the desktop. The only way to eliminate discomfort is to cover the aquarium.
- Increased noise from the device. This option is acceptable for the office, but it will be quite problematic to sleep in a room with a running compressor.
You can solve the second problem if you make a silent filter - a spring, instructions and detailed photos of which can be found on the Internet.
Before you run there fish take your time, create a microclimate for the inhabitants according to all the rules of the launch of the aquarium. Start by planting plants, determine how many and which ones you can do on your own, even on a photo from networks and clubs. Let's see what and how many fish, and what plants can be kept in small aquariums.
Successful plants that are optimally planted in a 20-liter aquarium:
- Other plants with small leaves.
Vertebrates, invertebrates and mollusks are excellent for settling such an aquarium. With the right approach, all three classes can be combined in one aquarium. However, the traditional option is still the establishment of small-sized fish or one medium-sized fish.
If you decide to populate the aquarium with fish, then pay attention to the following options:
- Petushki. Rather common fish, thanks to a unique coloring and lush tails. In 20 liters can contain 1 male and from 3 to 5 females. The cockerel is not very picky about oxygen saturation, because it can breathe atmospheric air. Watch carefully how many degrees outside the aquarium, because the fish is able to swallow atmospheric air.
- Neons A small flock of 5 or more fish will decorate a small aquarium. The photo clearly shows the variety of colors. They are mischievous and picky, which makes them favorites for beginning aquarists. Maximum length - 4 cm.
- Danio rerio. These fish you can get up to 20 pieces in a 20-liter aquarium. Schooling fish calmly tolerate cold water of 15 degrees and very warm at 30. Most often, the fish do not exceed 4 cm in length.
- Guppy The most common inhabitants of the aquarium in beginners. You need to be prepared that every week in your aquarium 2-3 females will produce dozens of new fry. Initially, the process is fascinating, but soon begins to annoy. The size of the male is about 4 cm, females up to 6.
- Koridoras. If there are no sharp stones in your tank, you can release a few catfish into the tank. In the photo you can see small antennae, which serve as organs of touch, therefore the ground should be soft and without sharp corners. They love the company, so from 3 to 5 individuals get along well in a small area.
- Cardinal Easy to care fish. Everyone eats, loves plants and cool water from 18 to 21 degrees. Quietly survive with a population of 3-4 fish per 10 liters.
- Micro disassembly. Looking at her photo, it seems that she was created specifically to keep her in a mini-aquarium. The length of her body rarely exceeds 2 centimeters, and is not picky about water temperature. However, not very popular in aqua stores because of the low price.
- Norman blue-eyed Neon fish have always attracted seekers of the exotic. Small fish up to 4 cm are notable for their quick behavior and mischievous character. How many do not look, and they continue to catch the eye.
These options are ideal for combinations, with the exception of males. If the traditional options do not seduce you, pay attention to the exotic, for example, freshwater shrimp:
- Cherry shrimp. The ideal inhabitant of the aquarium, has a small size (up to 3 cm) and is superbly reproduced in captivity.
- Japanese pond. Individuals reach 6 centimeters, have a gray tint and help fight algae. But, the big minus is that it is impossible to achieve reproduction in aquariums.
- Crystal. Exotic color and small size allow you to contain almost as much as you want, and allow the parameters of water, as it is not too dependent on the microclimate. Minus - a very high cost.
- Cardinal Shrimp for professionals, rare and expensive, but very beautiful.
- Yellow Маленькая желтая креветка не слишком прихотлива, но требовательна к постоянному кормлению. Если допустить голодание, то она подъест растения.
Что касается вопроса, сколько можно содержать креветок в 20 литровом аквариуме, то здесь важно отметить их размер. Например, в 20 литрах отменно уживутся до 50 вишен. С рыбами придется немного ограничить количество. Креветок нельзя содержать со средними и большими рыбами, иначе они падут в качестве корма. The optimal combination of 10 cherries and 5-7 small fish.
To decorate the aquarium, you can add a few small snails there that will help keep it clean:
- Helena. It looks pretty snail that feeds on other snails such as pond snails and reels. If there are none, then he eats fish food and breeds well.
- Neretina. Spectacular snail, which cleans plants and walls, but does not occur in fresh water.
- Ampullar. Possible, but undesirable option. Cheap, common, but leaves a lot of waste and spoils the plants.
In order for everyone to feel comfortable, try to change 1/5 of the volume of the aquarium at least once a week.
Aquarium fish somiki: corridors and the smallest catfish
Common catfish, speckled, corridor - all these names refer to the representatives of the kallichtovy family, or armored somikov. This species inhabits freshwater bodies with dense vegetation of Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina and other countries of South America. Many of the representatives of the corridor view have taken a firm place among experienced aquarists and amateurs due to their interesting behavior, unique appearance and unique coloristics.
Somiki corridors - aquarists' favorites
It is not possible to list all representatives of somik-corridors in one article, therefore we focus only on those who have gained great popularity among aquarists.
Size: up to 5 cm. Water for the maintenance of this species of catfish should be soft with low acidity, with a constant temperature of 25 to 27 ° C. To obtain the maximum saturation of the color of the fish, most of the aquarium should be planted tightly with plants.
Somiks avoid open space and do not like bright lighting, as well as increased attention, and hide, so it’s better to feed them in the twilight, in the evening.
When changing water with decreasing temperature, spawning is stimulated. Each female lays 30-40 eggs, which hatch after four days and after three days the fry can be fed with artemia.
Size: up to 6 cm. The content of this type should occur in soft water (up to 10 parts of calcium oxide) at a temperature range from 23 to 25 ° C. Very mobile and active in the afternoon, unpretentious to the quality of water and an armored catfish that get along well with its neighbors. Easily propagated in the general aquarium. Spawning often occurs at night. The female is very productive and lays up to 500 eggs, from which three larvae emerge. After another three days, the fry can be transferred to feeding with artemia. There are various variants of the color of these catfish and it is still not determined whether they can be counted as a catfish golden.
Size: up to 5 cm. They feel most comfortable in soft water with a temperature of 24 to 26 ° C. Somik axelrod is well known and common among aquarists. Care does not cause difficulties, acclimatized catfish spend days in search of food, for which there are no special requirements.
With abundant and regular feeding, females quickly go to spawn. The number of eggs in the clutch is about 40, but there are cases of spawning up to 100 eggs. Small caviar, 1.5 mm in diameter, is attached by the female to the underside of the leaves of the plants. The release of the fry from the egg occurs after four days, and after three days of its formation it is recommended to feed with artemia.
Size: up to 6 cm. The recommended water temperature for the spotted catfish is from 26 to 28 ° C. A type of thermophilic catfish who prefer soft, transparent water with low acidity, and also without nitrates and weekly replacement of up to 30% of the total volume of the aquarium.
With a varied diet very willingly and regularly spawn without lowering the water temperature. Caviar about 2 mm in size, matures for three days, after which the larvae emerge, which feed for three days with the yolk sac, and after two days successfully cope with the planktonic organism - Artemia. The growth of this species is most noticeable in the first two months after it leaves the roe, and when it reaches a size of 2 cm, the growth rate slows down.
Size: up to 6 cm. Soft water with a temperature of 24 to 26 ° C is preferred for keeping this type of catfish. After mastering the permanent range in the content is not too whimsical, so it is suitable even for not very experienced aquarists. In darkened aquariums with a large number of plants acquires a contrasting color, which is inherent even in fry.
Gossi somikov females are very productive and, depending on size, age and condition, can lay between 80 and 300 eggs. Three days after maturation, the larvae emerge from the eggs, which after a two-day adaptation successfully eat Artemia and worms-enkhiterii.
Size: up to 6 cm. This type refers to heat-loving corridors. Its content should occur in soft water, the temperature of which is in the range from 26 to 28 ° C. The soil should be sandy, coarse sand or fine-grained stone without sharp edges.
When breeding, transplanting into a separate aquarium is recommended, where the female spreads eggs throughout the bottom. The larvae emerge in two days, and after they absorb the yolk sac (three days), the fry are best fed with artemia.
Size: up to 5 cm. The water content should be between 23 and 25 ° С with calcium content up to 10% (mild).
A distinctive feature of this species is the manifestation of a clear and complete color in a darkened aquarium with plants floating on the surface of the water. Unlike other representatives of corridors with a similar color, napo has black spots on the caudal fin.
These catfish can not be kept with large fish of other species. Mating takes place in free water, in close proximity to the surface of the water. In the mating period, the sides of the males are cast in purple.
Females lay up to 300 eggs 1 mm in size in bushes of plants and near them. Caviar ripening takes place four days, after three days after the release of the larvae the fry are ready to eat microscopic worms and ciliates. The growth rate of the catfish napo is very slow.
Size: up to 6 cm. For a comfortable content, the water should be soft, with a temperature of 20 to 25 ° C. The speckled catfish leads an active lifestyle during the day and can be kept with most species of peace-loving fish.
Cool water is suitable for breeding (fertilization rate decreases sharply in warm water). The female lays up to 250 eggs, from which after four days the larvae emerge, and after two days the fry begin to feed on their own, preferring Artemia in the stern. The rapid growth rate in 2-3 months gives a high similarity with parents.
Size: up to 5 cm. Soft water with a temperature of 22 to 25 ° C provides this kind of well-being and active behavior in the aquarium. Somiki panda need good aeration, filtration and regular water changes, as well as in shelters and a few places darkened by plants. Pandas have shown the possibility of their content with various small tetras and dwarf cichlids.
Reproduction in catfish, all-season pandas. The female lays up to 20 eggs in small-sized plants or Javanese moss. After four days, the larvae appear, which begin to feed on artemia after two more days. This type of corridor representatives is characterized by a very slow growth rate.
For its interesting color and behavior, catfish panda firmly settled with aquarists and received a very widespread.
Size: up to 6 cm. A heat-loving kind of catfish, which prefers clarified water (soft with low acidity) and a temperature regime of water from 26 to 28 ° C. For the successful maintenance of catfish sterns, good aeration is necessary. In terms of species compatibility, they get along perfectly with discussions.
Large females of this species can lay up to 200 eggs, if possible attaching them to a substrate located on the current. After four days of ripening the eggs, the larvae hatch, which on the third day can move freely around the aquarium and eat Artemia.
It should be noted that the fry react very sensitively to an increase in pH, so the purity and constancy of the water composition in the first three weeks will ensure a good survival of the young. At the age of one month, fry become more enduring and less demanding of water, and their further maintenance does not pose serious problems.
Corridors: care and maintenance
The presented types of corridors should be grouped in 5-20 pieces. The size of a specific aquarium for catfish should be at least 54 liters, with the content of the same flock in the general aquarium, the volume should be at least 160 liters, except for panda cats that need a smaller volume of the total aquarium - 112 liters.
Females are distinguished by a larger size and width of the back. And only two species have other, more pronounced differences - the males of the corridor are more miniature than the females and have a clearer pattern, while the males of the speckled catfish are much smaller and sleeker.
The diet for all presented types of corridors is recommended to be made from dry, frozen and live food.
Dwarf, or the smallest catfish
The most popular among the dwarf catfish received:
- catfish sparrow (eye-tailed catfish, crescent armor);
- catfish pygmy;
- catfish habrosus (corridor-baby).
These representatives are the types of carapace corridors found in South America.
It is better to keep the smallest catfish in flocks of 10-30 pieces, the volume of a specific aquarium is 40 liters, and the total - 54 liters, while good aeration and water filtration should be ensured.
When creating the interior of the aquarium, it is necessary to plant plenty of plants, add shelters and snags. As the soil, you can use fine-grained stones without sharp edges, coarse sand.
The maximum size of catfish reaches 3 cm. This type of corridor prefers middle layers of soft water with a temperature of 24 to 26 ° C. With catfish pygmy is allowed to contain many small types of tetras and other types of small fish. In a regular diet, it is better to add medium-sized or finely chopped live or frozen food.
Reproduction in the species aquarium with a large number of plants is most effective. One female lays up to 50 very small eggs that are scattered throughout the aquarium. The gestation period lasts four days, after which the larvae appear, which feed on the yolk sac for the first three days, and then the fry successfully eat the ciliates or larvae of Artemia.
The development of young individuals occurs in the first three weeks at a very fast pace, after which it stops, and then they grow slowly. Fry of catfish pygmy strikingly differ from adult individuals.
The size of this species reaches 3 cm. Somik habrosus prefers bottom layers of soft and medium-soft subacid water with a temperature of 20 to 26 ° C and a weekly substitution of up to 30%. The difference between the female and the male is in its larger size and greater width of the back. Habrosuses are peaceful and neighbors many calm fish with the same character and small size will approach them.
Nutrition of catfish Habrosus is from the bottom, prefers fresh or frozen food, allowed to feed dry food and spirulina tablets.
When breeding, the female lays up to 100 eggs in small bushy plants, Javanese moss and next to them. The larvae hatch after three days, the fry after two days begin to move freely around the aquarium and eat Artemia. After six weeks, the young Habrosus begins to acquire adult color. The growth rate in the first two months is fast, and at this age their size reaches 1 cm, and then slows down. Sexual maturity occurs in 10-12 months.
The size of this species does not exceed 3 cm. Soft, clean water with a temperature of 24 to 26 ° C, with good aeration and filtration, is necessary for a comfortable content in the aquarium of catfish of sparrows.
The female is different from the male in large size. By their nature, they are peace-loving and get along perfectly with their own kind in size and size. They are not easily picky and consume live, frozen and dry food, as well as various substitutes.
Before spawning, the difference between the male and the female is obvious: the tummy is more arched and full, the dorsal fin is rounded in the female, and pointed in the male. During spawning, the female lays up to 80 eggs on the glass, the underside of the leaves of plants or another suitable place. The ripening period of the roe lasts four days, after which the larvae appear, which after two days begin to move independently around the aquarium and can successfully eat the aquarium plankton (Artemia, etc.).
During the first month of life, the growth rate of the fry is fast (up to 1 cm in size), and then decreases. By the year of life reach the size of their parents and sexual maturity.
And quite a few videos about speckled catfish and the rules of its content:
Residents for a small aquarium
And so, you read my article on the launch of a nano-aquarium, or you just wanted to start your own little water world for a long time and now you are thinking about who to settle there.
Quite a lot of options)
All the inhabitants of the underwater world can be divided into vertebrates, invertebrates and mollusks.
Vertebrates include various types of fish. To invertebrates - shrimp, crabs and crayfish. To mollusks - snails.
You can choose one of these kingdoms (for example, make a shrimp maker), or you can combine two or even all three.
The traditional is an aquarium populated by fish. Only here you cannot plant everybody in a small aquarium; you will have to choose small schooling fish or one or two medium ones.
Possible options for settling the FISH Aquarium:
Very famous and common fish. Males are very beautiful, have luxurious fan fins. Females are less elegant, but also very brightly colored. Breeders are constantly working on breeding new colors of males.
They are satisfied with small amounts of water (but, you see, keeping the fish in an aquarium of less than 5 liters is both cruel and ugly). Water temperature - ideally 26 degrees. The cockerel breathes atmospheric air, swallowing it from the surface. Therefore, care must be taken that the air in the room is not too cool. You can cover the aquarium cover, but leave a few inches from the surface of the water.
Male males are very pugnacious, so it’s best to keep them alone or in families (1 male and 3-4 females).
The body length of an adult cockerel is about 6 cm.
Also known Russian fish. Neons prefer to live in flocks, so it is better to settle them in groups of 5 individuals.
The water temperature is 22-25 degrees (ideally); at higher temperatures, the lifetimes of these fish are reduced. In principle, neons are unpretentious, like soft water and an abundance of plants. Prone to obesity, so they should be fed very moderately.
Adult neon can reach a length of 4 cm.
3. Danio rerio:
As a rule, these small fish are always recommended for beginners. Moving, fun and unpretentious danios feel best in flocks. They can live in the temperature range of 15-30 degrees and be content with 1 liter of water per 1 fish (that is, even in a five-liter aquarium, you can run a group of 5 zebrafish). Easily spawn in an aquarium.
There are several color forms of this fish.
Body length up to 5 cm (but more often 3-4).
Probably, it is from this fish that aquarism begins for most people. It was the guppies living in three-liter banks that became frequent inhabitants of Soviet (and then Russian) apartments. They are loved by millions for their unpretentiousness (they can live even in the most extreme conditions), beauty (thanks to the many unique colors, everyone can find "the fish of their dreams" =)) and fertility (you can buy only one female, and in a month she will give birth to you 20 fry).
Viviparous guppies, i.e. they do not spawn, but give birth to live fry. They eat absolutely everything. Water temperatures are undemanding.
At first, I really liked them, but now they multiplied uncontrollably. It even annoys me that every week I find at least 20 newborn fry in the aquarium.
The males are guppies slender, with a bright body and a luxurious tail. Samochki larger, thicker, gray and inconspicuous. But there are quite beautiful purebred females.
Breeders are constantly working on new breeds of guppy.
Dimensions: male - 3-4 cm, female - up to 6 cm.
(last 2 photos - females)
5. Guppy Endler:
In fact, the same guppy. But Endler's guppy is a wild form that breeders did not manage to work on. Such fish are found in Venezuela. easily interbreed with simple guppies and produce very cute hybrids)
Endler's guppies are smaller than ordinary guppies: males reach 2-3 cm in length. Look great in small aquariums with a dark background!
The so-called "speckled catfish". In fact, the corridors are very many species, just speckled - the most famous of them.
The corridors love the company, buy at once 3-5 individuals. These harmless catfish do not exceed 5 cm in length, some species (such as the corridor panda) do not grow more than 3 cm at all.
Неприхотливы, могут жить без аэрации. Грунт должен быть без острых камней, чтобы рыбки не повредили свои нежные усики. Оптимальная температура содержания - 24-26 градусов.
Объем воды: не менее 3-5 литров на 1 рыбку.
7. Коридорас пигмей:
Вид коридорасов, про который стоит сказать отдельно.
Пигмеи - маленькие стайные рыбки, с виду серенькие и невзрачные, но очень милые и интересные в поведении. Хорошо себя чувствуют только в стайке, любят чистую, насыщенную кислородом воду.
В отличие от других коридорасов, не сидят только в придонном слое воды, а предпочитают "порхать" по всему аквариуму, как стая птичек.
Prefers neutral water, rather cool (18-21 °). For 1 fish requires 3 liters of water. Small fishes, 3-4 cm, quite mobile. They love the abundance of plants, omnivores.
9. Micro disassembly:
An ideal fish for a nano-aquarium. Body length rarely exceeds 2 cm. Water temperature is 22-28 degrees, unpretentious to the composition of water, 1 fish requires less than 1 liter of water. Unfortunately, micro-assemblies are now rarely available, aquarists have been waiting for these fish to be delivered to stores for months.
10. Norman Blue-Eye:
Cute schooling fish that grow up to 3-4 cm. Their eyes glow brightly with neon light, which gives the aquarium a kind of dynamics and charm.
Peaceful schooling fish, water temperature 20-25 degrees. I live at a higher temperature, very active and playful.
And so, we looked at fish that would be happy even in a small aquarium of 10-30 liters.
Approximate settlement options:
10 liter aquarium:
ONLY ONE OF THE PROPOSED OPTIONS!
• 1 cockerel;
• 5-7 guppies;
• 5 neons;
• 5-7 guppies Endler;
• 10-13 microassembly;
• 5 Norman blue-eyed;
• 3-4 cardinal;
• 5-10 Danio-rerio;
• 7 micro-sampling + 5 danio-rerio;
• 3 Endler guppies + 5 danios-rerio;
• 3 neons + 3 guppies.
• Family of cockerels (1 male and 3 females);
• 1 cock + 3 corridors;
• 10-15 guppies or Endler's guppies;
• 15-20 Danio-rerio;
• 10-13 neons;
• 10-15 Norman blue-eyed;
• 7 cardinals;
• 20-30 microassembly;
• 7 pygmy corridors;
• 5 guppies + 5 neons;
• 15 Danio-rerio + 15 microassembly;
• 10 guppies + 3 corridors;
• 7 neons + 3 corridors.
Here the possibilities are even greater) For example, such fish may be settled, which I did not tell about here. A pair of macropods, a couple of honey gouras, a pair of pelvicahromis or apistograms.
The remaining combinations - we look at 10 liters and multiply the number of fish by 3.
Naturally, it is better to run less fish than planned. Overpopulation is very dangerous for such small volumes. In any case, filtration, aeration and a weekly water change of 20-30% should be provided.
Nowadays, shrimpers are coming into fashion - aquariums populated with freshwater prawns.
Shrimps are unpretentious, cute and very interesting.
1. Cherry shrimp (cherry):
Small (up to 3 cm) red shrimp. Extremely unpretentious. It breeds well in an aquarium.
2. Amano shrimp (Japanese pond):
More than a cherry (up to 6 cm). Gray, perfectly fights with algal fouling. In an aquarium where shrimps live, the plants are always clean and well maintained.
In captivity do not breed.
3. Shrimp Crystal:
Small (2 cm), expensive, rather demanding to water, but very beautiful shrimp.
4. Shrimp Cardinal:
Very beautiful and very rare shrimp. It is considered difficult in leaving.
5. Yellow shrimp:
Unpretentious small shrimp bright yellow. If it is undernourished, it can begin to spoil the plants.
If you want to keep only shrimp (without fish), then you can plant a rather large flock in a small volume. For example, 20-25 shrimp-cherries will feel great in 10 liters.
Shrimps do not touch the fish, but some fish are not averse to eat shrimp. Therefore, the ideal neighbors for shrimp will be small fish, such as the Endler guppies, microassemblies, neons, corridors and Norman blue-eyes.
The calculation is approximately as follows:
20 liters: 10 shrimp-cherries + 5-7 guppy Endler (or other small fish).
Shellfish in an aquarium:
Some snails are also quite cute and even useful. They will be excellent neighbors for your fish or shrimp.
A cute striped snail that feeds on ... other snails. It helps to get rid of the invasion of pond snails and coils that spoil the plants. For lack of "live food" eats the remnants of fish food. It breeds well in an aquarium.
Beautiful and useful snail. Helps to clear a raid from walls and plants. It lays caviar, but the whites do not appear in fresh water.
The most favorite snail, very often found in aquariums.
Unfortunately, some types of ampoulyaries spoil the plants. And there is a lot of dirt from them.
I tried to introduce you to creatures that will feel great in a small (10-30 l) aquarium. Aquarium with small, nimble fish or business-like shrimps will greatly decorate your apartment or office. With proper and timely care, he will long please you.
About how to run an aquarium, I wrote in the article "The underwater world on your desk."
I repeat once again simple rules that will help you to always keep your aquarium in good condition:
1. DO NOT HURRY! The launch of the aquarium should last at least 2 weeks (from the water up to the launch of the fish).
2. Down with artificiality! Plants, soil and decorations in the aquarium should be NATURAL. No plastic!
3. The filter should work around the clock !.
4. Water changes should be done once a week, at 20-30%. Never change all the water at once! Never wash the scenery with chemicals!
5. Feed the fish a little! One day a week - unloading.
6. If after you install the filter, there was a dregs - do not rush to change the water! All is well, the appearance of turbidity suggests that a balance has begun to be established. After a couple of days the water will be clean.
7. Do not overdo it with fish! Less is more.
8. Remember: an aquarium is a complex biological system. Do not climb there once again with your hands, do not make chemistry or other drugs.
9. Fish - also alive. And you are responsible for her life.
There is nothing difficult in aquarism. Learn to be patient, do not neglect the advice, do not forget to devote half an hour a week to your underwater world - and he will thank you. Coming home, you will enjoy the lush green plants and frolicking fish.
Successes to all who decided to start an aquarium!
Next time I will try to tell you something else interesting from the world of aquarism)