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How much time to defend water for the aquarium

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Aquariums: how to change the water in the aquarium? How much to defend the water for the aquarium

There are three main questions that are asked by people who have recently purchased aquariums. How to change the water in the aquarium? How often do this? And, finally, how long to defend the liquid to protect the fish from the effects of harmful substances? In this article we will try to answer these questions.

The main thing that needs to be learned by a beginner aquarist is that he does not breed fish or snails and does not grow algae, but contains a biological environment. This is not a cat or a dog. And not even a turtle. An aquarium is a closed ecosystem, all efforts should be directed at maintaining its livelihoods. And in a healthy environment and the inhabitants live well.

Life cycles of aquariums

If you pour water into the tank, even if it is separated, you will not create a biological sphere that is comfortable for the fish. Moreover, being released into such a sterile environment, many inhabitants can die from shock. First you need to put the soil, plant the plants and only a week later to launch the first fish. But even at this time it cannot be said that the hydrobiological environment is fully formed. This condition is called by the connoisseurs "new aquariums".

How to change the water in this type of aquarium? This should be done not earlier than two months after the launch of the inhabitants. The change of water can slow down all the processes of establishing balance, and in small containers it will cause a catastrophe and a massive death of fish. It is allowed in a month to drain 10% of the water and fill it up to the previous volume with fresh water.

New Aquariums

How to change the water in the aquarium two or three months after the launch of the first fish? The hydrobiological environment is still quite young. But already on the ground and glasses may accumulate some deposits. Every two weeks with a special siphon drain 10% of the liquid. If you do not have such an opportunity, it is permissible to change the water once a month, but then it is necessary to update 20% of the filling capacity. During this procedure, do not forget to clean the primer and glass. Also remove faded leaves of algae. Even if you have launched catfish and snails in an aquarium, there is no guarantee that they will fully cope with their task of cleaning the bottom sediments and sticking to the walls. The question arises how to clean the soil if the water is not completely drained. We will return to this issue.

Mature aquariums

How to change the water in the aquarium during this period and when will the biological balance be completely in it? This happens about six months after the installation of the aquarium. Moreover, the greater its volume, the more difficult it is to shake this achieved balance. Therefore, newcomers are advised to start large aquariums (per 100 liters), so that they, by their inept actions, do not disturb the aquatic habitat. During this period of maturity, which lasts up to a year, we only do that we change 20 percent of the liquid every month, removing garbage from the ground and cleaning the mucus from the glasses. However, you need to carefully monitor that the water is not "bloomed" (not green). With regular cleaning it will be a long time to enjoy the crystal clear eye of the aquarium and the agility of the fish that inhabit it.

Period of old age: reboot

After a year and a half, the habitat in a closed container begins to degrade. To return her second youth, it is necessary to change the water every two weeks. Along with regular updates (in the amount of 20% of the total volume), the following procedure can be practiced from time to time. For experienced aquarists, it is called super-substitution. So, your tank is filled with water. Drain 60%, clean the walls and add only 30%. The next day, remove half of the remaining liquid and add the same amount. We repeat this manipulation for two more days. And, finally, topping up the aquarium by 30% to the previous level. Thanks to super substitution, the concentration of harmful substances will decrease by 92%.

How to change the water in the aquarium

So, we have considered the proportions that must be adhered to so that the fluid update does not damage the biological balance of the living environment. But how to change the water? Pet stores sell special siphons (with a manual blower for pumping air or working on batteries), but these devices also have a more budgetary alternative. Take a regular straw. It is better not to use a rubber hose - rubber emits harmful substances. The transparent PVC tube will be optimal. Wrap one end of it with a piece of gauze. Prepare a bucket - set it below the level of the aquarium. Dip the tip of the tube with gauze into the water, and take the second in the mouth. Begin to draw in air until the liquid is suitable. After that, with a quick movement, lower the tip of the tube into the bucket. Water under the laws of the pouring of the tank into the tank. You just have to control its quantity. And with the tip of the tube with gauze, drive along the walls and the ground to remove the adhering dirt.

Water quality

The amount of fluid added is not the only indicator that is important for the health of the inhabitants. The quality characteristics - temperature, salinity (for marine fish) and water hardness in the aquarium - are also of great importance. Sharp change of any indicator is a shock for the inhabitants. For tropical fish, topped up water should be heated to a temperature of 1-2 degrees higher than that in the aquarium. The marine biosystem also needs the liquid to have the right ppm. To do this, in distilled or reverse osmosis water for three days dissolve salts NaCI, MgSO4x7H20, KBr, SrCl2x7H20, MgCl2x6H2O, Na2CO3, KCI, CaCl2, H3BO3, NaF and NaHCO3.

How much to defend the water for the aquarium

It is not a secret for anyone that not fresh spring water flows from our taps, but a liquid in which almost the entire periodic table is dissolved. It is easy to notice by conducting a simple experiment. Take a can of water and see what happens to it over the course of a few hours. First, gaseous impurities. It would be good if it was oxygen. Although an overabundance is unhealthy for fish. The bubbles through the gill slit penetrate the bloodstream and can provoke thrombosis. But ozone, which in some cities is used to disinfect water, is poison. The same undesirable elements are chlorine and its compounds. It is good that the gases come out of the liquid quickly - it takes an hour. But the limescale and rust accumulated from old water pipes, settles at the bottom of the can after 12 hours. Dissolved impurities can be neutralized with special conditioners (for example, Sera Toxivec). Here is the answer to the question. It makes no sense to defend water for more than a day. Everything that could precipitate or evaporate has already done so. And then the water is just beginning to fade, harmful microorganisms start in it and dust rushes in.

In what situations should a complete water change be carried out

Only emergency cases - the massive death of the inhabitants or the global "blooming" of water - can cause the entire aquarium to be emptied, sanitized and started all over again. But if the liquid still does not emit a sharp unpleasant smell, it is fixable without a complete replacement. To remedy the situation, you should understand the reason why the water in the aquarium turns green. Perhaps the whole thing in the wrong light. Then the situation will be corrected simply by rearranging the aquarium into a more obscured corner of the room. If the reason was the reproduction of primitive floating alga euglena, then you can buy live daphnids - this is cleaning green scum and feeding for fish. Somiki, pecilia, mollies, snails are also happy to devour euglena. In pet stores you can buy special chemicals from the rapid flowering of water.

How to prepare water for an aquarium - a full description.

Why do you need to defend the water?

The main reason for this is harmful impurities that can harm the inhabitants of our aquarium. After settling, solids sometimes appear in the sediment. Initially clear water after a while can grow turbid.

Many aquarists leave the water for substitution to breathe for a few days, and so that all harmful suspensions evaporate for a week. This assumption is partly true, but it cannot guarantee the quality of the prepared water.

Before we do something, we always know why we need to do it. By keeping tap water outside the pipeline, we are trying to improve its performance so that it does not harm our fish. In other words, when defending water, we get rid of most of the malicious components.

Conditionally harmful substances in the water can be divided into:

  • solid (precipitates to the bottom);
  • gaseous (volatilized from water to the environment);
  • liquid (initially dissolved and remaining in water).

The process of settling can affect only solid and gaseous mixtures, and it does not affect liquid substances in any way.

What should be the temperature of the water in the aquarium?

Water temperature for the aquarium plays a crucial role. It depends on the health and ability of fish to breed. For each species of fish, a completely different water temperature is suitable. Conventionally, all the inhabitants of the aquarium can be divided into heat-loving and cold-loving.

By heat-loving include fish living in the water, the temperature of which is not below 18 degrees. Cold fishes are individuals that easily adapt to low temperatures. They can safely live in the aquarium, the temperature in which, will not exceed 14 degrees. The maintenance of cold-loving fish is possible only in large and spacious aquariums.

It is noteworthy that if the heat-loving fish are planted in cold water, then they practically stop swimming. This suggests that significant damage has been done to their health. Preparing water for the aquarium, you should use the tips for beginners, which can be found in the special literature. So, it is possible to choose the optimum temperature for water only after it becomes known exactly which species of fish will live in it.

The thing is that in the literature for each type of fish is given the permissible threshold of the highest and lowest temperatures at which the fish will feel comfortable. In accordance with these parameters, you can choose the future inhabitants of the aquarium so that they all feel comfortable in the same temperature conditions. This will avoid a huge number of problems associated with the maintenance and care of the fish.

How much to defend the water for the aquarium?

To finally get rid of all the harmful substances contained in the water, it must be defended for 1-2 weeks. For the backlog of water is better to use a large bucket or basin. Also, when buying a new aquarium, leave water in it and drain it at least once. At the same time, this way you can check if the aquarium is leaking. Some pet stores sell special products that neutralize chemical compounds in water. But experts recommend not to neglect the settling of water, even using these drugs.

Is there a need for water settling?

In order for the tap water to be normalized for replacement in an aquarium, it is necessary to remove from it all the harmful components - solid, gaseous and liquid.

Today, upholding is very rarely relevant. Solid components in the water supply system have isolated cases, chlorine water derivatives must be removed by air conditioning (chlorine gas is also removed), and liquid ones - only by special air conditioning. Polluted water settles for several hours, and with strong aeration much faster.

From all of the above, it is clear that it is best to use special additives for water. Settling water does not completely remove harmful substances, and in some cases it may even be harmful (a dusty film appears, stuffiness, etc.).

From personal experience:

  • I collect the necessary amount of water for the substitution;
  • add air conditioning according to the instructions;
  • perform aeration for 15 minutes;
  • I bring the temperature of fresh water (with air conditioning) into accord with the aquarium one;
  • I fill, and that's it.

The advantages of this method of water preparation: all harmful substances are removed, no need to wait until the water settles, the pots do not harm the interior of the room.

How to prepare the water?

Freshly tap water is not suitable for animal settlement. Reptiles, fish, amphibians and snails can adapt to it, but on condition that it infuses for several days.

Fresh, domestic water from the tap will destroy animals, because chlorine compounds are toxic to the sensitive organism of small creatures. On certain days, tap water contains different amounts of volatile substances, experts recommend turning on a shower and checking the steam and the presence of chlorine to check. If the smell is harsh, water should not be collected on this day.

Regardless of the season, weather and air temperature, domestic water will be different. Be observant if you want to settle the animals in clean water from impurities. Infused tap water is recommended for many pets and plants, it has an acceptable level of acidity: pH 7.0.

It forms an active reaction, creating an alkaline and acidic aqueous medium. The reaction is determined using litmus paper, which is sold in pet stores. Infusing water should not be in plastic containers; it is better to use glass jars with the lid open. The main thing is that in the prepared water, while it insists, do not get dust and insects.

You can use baking soda to raise the pH to the required level. Peat is recommended to lower the pH. Sometimes before the launch of a new aquarium in the water put samples of trees, reducing the acidity of water. The aquarium can be filled not only with tap water, but also distilled water, which is sold in pharmacies or in auto shops.

It is filled with small aquariums, but with an experienced razvodchiki warned that such water is poor in the mineral components necessary for animals. Rarely use a liquid from another aquarium, in which there is a stable biological equilibrium for normal life.

How to prepare water with permissible hardness?

Reduce stiffness by filtering and infusing. Sometimes, infused water (time - 2 days) from the tap add distilled, thawed or rain water. Plants such as roach and elodiea, reduce stiffness. There is another way - freezing. The collected water is frozen, and then thawed, defended and poured into the tank.

Increases the rigidity of the aquarium water by adding brine, pieces of chalk or limestone, coral chips to it. Coral crumb is recommended to boil (2 hours) to soften and prevent parasites. Only after all the procedures it is lowered into the tank.

It is better to run the fish in a day or two, until the water has acquired the necessary parameters. The temperature of the water in which the purchased fish, animals and plants lived should be identical to the aquarium. Again, use a thermometer, litmus paper to test. Do not neglect the recommendations that the life of pets was healthy and safe, because when kept in poor-quality aquatic environment, they may suffer.

What does water temperature affect?

Aquarium water that has a certain temperature can stimulate spawning. This applies to elevated water temperatures. However, this is not always useful for fish. So, the fish that spawn, you should not constantly keep in such conditions. Otherwise, to get offspring from them in the future will be simply impossible. Thus, when harvesting water for an aquarium, it is better to ensure that it is one degree below the norm.

Gaseous constituents of water

This type of substance evaporates through the surface of the water. Here one can consider the quantitative and qualitative compositions of dissolved gases in water. Gaseous substances in natural water enter into chemical reactions with other dissolved elements, due to diffusion they constantly circulate through the water mirror and are harmless and harmless to fish.

The method of water disinfection for your area can be found in the local water utility, this information will not be superfluous. At new water treatment plants, ozone and ultraviolet cleaning is applied, and such water can be added without fear (it is pointless to defend against oxygen and photons).

The outdated chlorine cleaning method is gradually becoming a thing of the past, but is still in use. Chlorine and its derivatives are poisons. They allow the destruction of both harmful bacteria and beneficial ones, as well as depending on the concentration of large animals and even humans.

Method of elimination of gaseous chlorine from water

Unpleasant smell of chlorine coming from freshly poured water, everyone knows. Water, being in a cup, ceases to smell after a while, and this means that chlorine molecules have evaporated.

If the fish are placed in newly recruited chlorinated water, they will die from body burns and gill petals.

Проведя некоторые наблюдения при отстаивании, можно увидеть, что хлор улетучивается достаточно быстро. Отстаивать воду из-под крана более суток не нужно, так как остатки хлора не могут повлиять на самочувствие рыбок.

Важным моментом является выбор посуды. Чем больше площадь соприкосновения воды с окружающей средой, тем быстрее происходит газообмен, и хлор выветривается. From this it follows that when settling water in a large-diameter basin, it will become suitable for an aquarium much faster than using a plastic bottle.

It is impossible to cover the used dishes with a lid and even more so to twist the bottle, since there will be no place for volatilization of gas impurities, and the water which was chlorinated will remain so.

Ozone and its effect on fish

With ozone, things are somewhat different. It does not have a pronounced smell, although it carries freshness. Under natural conditions, we feel it during a thunderstorm, during the operation of air conditioners (ozonizing) and laser printers. Before water is supplied to the drinking pipeline, the process of its ozonization takes place, the ozone molecules are unstable and quickly pass into a stable compound - oxygen. Well, oxygen is not dangerous to fish.

What is pH and hardness?

pH is a pH indicator of the acidic environment. A pH of 7 is considered neutral because it is more favorable for most aquarium dwellers. In the case when it is less than 7, the water is alkaline. In order to easily determine the pH of water, it is necessary to purchase litmus papers with a color table, or specialized aquarium tests.

The second parameter of water is hardness. It is divided into temporary and permanent. Water hardness may also affect aquarium inhabitants.
In order to avoid unpleasant consequences, aquarium water should also be checked for permanent and temporary rigidity. It is measured in degrees and is calculated by adding the temporal and constant rigidity.

In the case when spawning of a certain type of fish is necessary, for example, such as neons, in which caviar can survive only in very soft water, water with low hardness content is used. However, for most avkarium fish species, water with a hardness content of less than 5 is not suitable for life and breeding. At the same time, too high water hardness, such as 25 degrees and above, is also destructive for most aquarium species. Of course, there are exceptions.

The norm, it is considered to be hardness from 5 to 25 degrees, which is favorable for the vast majority of different types of aquarium fish.

Aquarists who do not want to bother themselves with various dimensions can simply pick up certain types of fish that feel great in ordinary tap water.

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How to defend water for an aquarium :: Settling water for an aquarium :: Care and nurture

How to defend water for the aquarium

Water is the cradle of life. We are all familiar with this statement, but in the course of our evolution we learned to use such water, which is able to kill some living creatures - such as aquarium fish. In principle, any drinking water can be used for aquariums, but by no means mineral water. However, only after preliminary preparation and settling. How to defend water for aquariumso that the fish live and multiply in it? There are some simple rules.

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You will need

  • Water tank

Instruction

1. The first thing to remember is that any fresh water — from a tap, a well, or a fish well — is not suitable. Tap water most often has a large proportion of impurities, including a large amount of chlorine. Water from a well or well is too hard. And in any case - fresh water is always not the temperature that is necessary for the life of fish. In principle, a small amount of water, if it is not chlorinated in your area, can be poured into the aquarium without prior preparation. However, it will be better to defend it.

2. What else waterexcept tap, can be used for aquariums? If you take a lake or river to fill in the aquarium waterthen before use it must be heated to a temperature of +70 degrees to destroy unwanted microorganisms. City rain or snow is not suitable for aquariums, as it contains a large amount of harmful impurities. The application of rain or snow water from the countryside is possible, but it should be filtered.

3. How to defend water? Pour water for aquarium in a large container with a wide neck and top with gauze. Defend water within a few days to two weeks. The time of settling depends on the quality of water in the region where you live. During this period, the harmful impurities in the water will decompose or evaporate. If you have just purchased an aquarium, then for the first time water can defend it. And besides that you get defended waterYou also ensure that the aquarium is not leaking.

4. How to determine that the water has settled down sufficiently? First try to replace not all water in the aquarium at once, but only one third. If the fish after such a replacement feel normal - try to replace water wholly. Watch the fish. Some aquarists go to the trick and change water first run inexpensive fish. And only in the case of their well-being - let the rest.

5. And finally, the last piece of advice, how to determine that water is settling well: smell water functioning dwelling for small fishes. If it smells nice freshness - everything is fine. If the smell is unpleasant - it means something in the aquarium is wrong. Among the reasons for the unpleasant smell, except for water, which was incorrectly defended, non-compliance with the rules of care for the aquarium and dirty soil.

Related videos

How to prepare water for the aquarium at home

Preparation of water for an aquarium is a crucial task that requires certain knowledge and skills, especially for a novice aquarist. The state of physical well-being of plants, fish and other animals living in water depends on the water used. Water properties are extremely important for creating a biological balance of a reservoir. To prepare water at home, you need to study the properties of water in order to properly adjust its parameters. In high-quality aquatic environment pets will live comfortably.

How to prepare the water?

Freshly tap water is not suitable for animal settlement. Reptiles, fish, amphibians and snails can adapt to it, but on condition that it infuses for several days. Fresh, domestic water from the tap will destroy animals, because chlorine compounds are toxic to the sensitive organism of small creatures. On certain days, tap water contains different amounts of volatile substances, experts recommend turning on a shower and checking the steam and the presence of chlorine to check. If the smell is harsh, water should not be collected on this day.

Regardless of the season, weather and air temperature, domestic water will be different. Be observant if you want to settle the animals in clean water from impurities. Infused tap water is recommended for many pets and plants, it has an acceptable level of acidity: pH 7.0. It forms an active reaction, creating an alkaline and acidic aqueous medium. The reaction is determined using litmus paper, which is sold in pet stores. Infusing water should not be in plastic containers; it is better to use glass jars with the lid open. The main thing is that in the prepared water, while it insists, do not get dust and insects.

See how to test the water.

You can use baking soda to raise the pH to the required level. Peat is recommended to lower the pH. Sometimes before the launch of a new aquarium in the water put samples of trees, reducing the acidity of water. The aquarium can be filled not only with tap water, but also distilled water, which is sold in pharmacies or in auto shops. It is filled with small aquariums, but with an experienced razvodchiki warned that such water is poor in the mineral components necessary for animals. Rarely use a liquid from another aquarium, in which there is a stable biological equilibrium for normal life.


On the temperature of the aquarium water

As you know, all the fish and not only breed at a certain temperature of the aquatic environment. Heat mimics the rainy season, climate change, and the time of year, serves as a signal for finding a pair and spawning. All types of fish, snails, amphibians and reptiles live in different water temperatures. Also, residents of home nurseries are divided into two types - cold-loving and heat-loving. Heat-loving - those who live at a temperature not lower than 18-20 degrees Celsius, while cold-loving people are able to live in cool water (14-18 degrees and lower). The latter live only in spacious reservoirs, where there is a slow and cool undercurrent. Heat-loving species in cold water behave sluggishly, motionless, begin to ache.


Starting the preparation of water for the aquarium, consult with experts, or ask for help from the specialist literature. For each pet requires optimal water temperature, so only compatible animals need to settle in one tank with identical parameters (heat-loving animals are not settled with cold-loving animals, herbivores and predators are kept in separate nurseries, large and small are settled separately). In accordance with all parameters (permissible threshold of temperature, acidity, hardness), the acquired living creatures inhabit the aquarium. You should also take into account the conditions of the content of plants in the water, they are important specified parameters of the aquatic environment. Comfortable neighborhood will provide proper care and living conditions.

See how to prepare water for an aquarium.

How to prepare water with permissible hardness?

Reduce stiffness by filtering and infusing. Sometimes, infused water (time - 2 days) from the tap add distilled, thawed or rain water. Plants such as roach and elodiea, reduce stiffness. There is another way - freezing. The collected water is frozen, and then thawed, defended and poured into the tank.

Increases the rigidity of the aquarium water by adding brine, pieces of chalk or limestone, coral chips to it. Coral crumb is recommended to boil (2 hours) to soften and prevent parasites. Only after all the procedures it is lowered into the tank.

It is better to run the fish in a day or two, until the water has acquired the necessary parameters. The temperature of the water in which the purchased fish, animals and plants lived should be identical to the aquarium. Again, use a thermometer, litmus paper to test. Do not neglect the recommendations that the life of pets was healthy and safe, because when kept in poor-quality aquatic environment, they may suffer.

How much water should be defended to run the fish? aquarium from scratch

Maxim ka

About 10 days. It's not about water, you can save it with air conditioning directly from chlorine and other impurities, but from bio-balance.
"The first day.
1. Install the aquarium on the stand, install the cover and turn on the aquarium lamps to ensure that they work. Lighting you need only a week, but in the work of electrical equipment you need to make sure in advance. In addition, you need the light for laying the ground and forming the design of the aquarium.
2. Wash the aquarium with soda or other non-toxic detergent. Do not use household chemicals for washing. If the aquarium is small, you can fill it, rinse without chemistry and drain the water.
3. Install equipment (usually a filter, compressor, heater) and check its operation.
4. Pour the soil. If an irregular tab is needed - do it on an empty aquarium - then it will be more difficult. If you have a heavy decor with sharp edges, it is advisable to put plexiglass or polystyrene on the bottom before backfilling.
5. Install the stones and snags.
6. Install and decorate the air compressor filters and tubes.
7. Install a thermometer.
8. Fill the aquarium with cold water. To prevent soil erosion, put a saucer on the bottom of the aquarium and pour water on it with a not too strong stream. If you use a hose to fill the water, the shower nozzle will not be superfluous. You can add special conditioners to improve water quality, but do not think that they will quickly prepare the water. Air conditioners will bind harmful substances and heavy metals, but they will not populate your aquarium with the necessary bacteria in the required quantity.
9. Turn on the filter, turn on the compressor and thermostat. Set the thermostat to the required temperature in the future.
10. Do not turn on the light!
11. Do not plant plants, mollusks and fish in any case!
Day two and three - monitor the operation of the equipment.
Fourth-seventh day - you can plant simple plants (rogolotnik, elodeya, etc.) and invertebrates. Fish can not be planted.
Light can be turned on for 3-5 hours per day. (If you have already planted plants, then you need)
In case of turbidity of water, do not take any action - the nitrogen cycle is being installed
Seven or ten days - we plant some first-mover fish (unpretentious live-bears, danios, and so on)
We expose the light in the normal mode (usually 10-12 hours a day)
Observe and control, feed the fish to a minimum.
10-15 days - we wait a little more in the same mode.
Day 15 - we land the remaining population, which was assumed, but not the whole bunch at once, but in parts.
We plant the remaining plants
Feed the fish in normal mode. This is where the initial launch process can be considered complete. It remains to learn to care for the aquarium and enjoy the contemplation of the hand-made world) "

How many days do you need to defend the water for the aquarium?

Shantal '

It depends on what kind of aquarium you have. Or rather, its volume ... I pour everything straight from the tap ... into everything. I have a total volume of all 600l aquariums need to be changed once a week to 20% of the total volume and where then to defend the water? !!! There are air conditioners for the preparation of aquarium water ... removing chlorine and heavy metal.

Vasilisa

Since in our conditions it is almost impossible to find water with optimal characteristics, it is prepared by mixing waters of different hardness, boiling, demineralization, using plant extracts, chemicals and filtration.

Vlad Elbakyan

Well, water stopped to defend already 30 years ago, it is much easier to use special water conditioners. which instantly remove not only chlorine, but also bind various heavy metals and other harmful impurities. You drip some drops of such conditioner on a bucket and everything can be poured in a minute.
The most popular of the bottom are Sera aqutan and Tetra AquaSafe.
But there is no need to specially prepare water, mix, and so on :) This is required only in rare cases, for example, when breeding very rare and capricious fish. When you grow to such a level to breed rhodostomusy, then I will teach you how to properly prepare the water, but so far it is absolutely not necessary.

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