How long do catfish live in an aquarium?


How many years will the catfish live in an aquarium?

Somiki are one of the most popular fish for keeping in an aquarium. The most common types of these fish can be easily purchased at almost any pet store. In total, science knows more than 2,000 species of cat-like animals, but hardly anyone can say exactly how many of them. They are among the most ancient fish on our planet. These fish are estimated to be around 70 million years old.

Among catfish, you can find really huge fish - more than 300 kg and several meters in length. And there are soma whose body size does not exceed 3 cm. It is the relatively small species of catfish, whose homeland are warm tropical waters and the cold waters of mountain streams, able to live in captivity as aquarium fish. Basically, catfish are inhabitants of freshwater bodies of water. But there are those that prefer brackish or salty water.

Appearance of som

For almost all types, the specific feature is the specific shape of the head - slightly flattened from above, with a rather wide mouth. Food som is very diverse. Some species specialize in hunting from shelters, others - on eating the remains of meals of large fish and searching for benthic animals, there are also those who eat only algae.

Catfish do not have scales per se. Their body is either completely devoid of it, or the scales in the course of evolution took on the form of rigid plates that protect against predators. This is the scale of aquarium corridor fish. Most types of catfish have whiskers. This is an important tool for finding food and orientation. Many species are able to breathe atmospheric air and have the ability to skin breathing.

Conditions of detention

Somics are usually representatives of relatively small species. Most of them are quite unpretentious in content and easily reproduce in captivity. These fish from those that any experienced breeder will advise a novice aquarist. But when acquiring such a pet, it is worth remembering that catfish are fish that prefer twilight or dark time of the day.

Suitable conditions for keeping these fish in an aquarium are not difficult to create. They are quite suitable temperature from 22 to 27 degrees. But the short-term temperature jumps most species endure quite well. Acidity is neutral, and water hardness is 2 - 12 °.

See how a pair of white-spotted agamixis looks for food remains at the bottom of the aquarium.

Life expectancy of various catfish

Many novice aquarists are interested in how much their pets will live. Depending on the type of fish and the conditions of keeping the optimum, these aquarium fish can live up to 8 years. However, it should be noted that large catfish in the wild often live up to 100 years or more. Aquarium catfish are very diverse. If you do not take into account the hybrid forms bred by amateurs, then in captivity today there can be about 800 species of these fish.

Kolomuzhny catfish, known under the name loricarium - one of the most unusual representatives of the catfish. Their second name comes from the ancient Roman name for the armor of the legionnaires "Lori ka". The bodies of fish of this family are covered with bony plates, fused together. Their favorite food is algae. Lower mouth, often - sucker. The most popular aquarium fish loricarium: antsistrusy, ottsinklyusy, loricaria, sturisome. Representatives of this family live long enough. For example, Antsistrus may well live in suitable conditions for up to 8 years.

Representatives of armor-clad or calligate are very popular with aquarists. Their body is covered with two rows of bone plates. Hence the name, because this "shell" is a good protection against predators. Catfish of this family are able to breathe atmospheric air. Males are usually slightly smaller than females. How long can these fish live? For example, corridors that are popular among aquarists live an average of 6-7 years. For aquarium fish it is quite a lot. Common representatives of the family are dyanema and tarakatum.

Representatives of the armored family are also frequent inhabitants of aquariums. Bone plates cover their body and head, creating the impression of a cut. These fish have three pairs of rather long antennae. Popular fish: agamixis white-spotted, platydoras striped. A rather large fish Plateidoras, for example, lives in captivity up to 15 years. In nature, it can live for more than 20 years.

Of great interest to aquarists are representatives of the family of fringed - catfish synodontis. How much can they live in an aquarium? From 5 to 15 years. According to some data, individuals in nature live more than 23 years.

See how star synodontists play.

Prized for bright color and catfish flathead or pymelody. The appearance of these fish to a certain extent resembles the African killer whales. These are fairly large fish. Often, only young individuals that have not yet reached their full size are contained in aquariums, for example, the weight-bearing sorubium. The question of how much these fish can live in an aquarium is not easy to answer. From 5 years and more. In nature, their life expectancy is quite high.

These are representatives of not all families of catfish that can be contained in an aquarium. To determine how long a fish will live, it is important to know the length of life in the wild and what conditions it prefers. By creating them you can be sure that the pet will be as comfortable as possible, and his life will be healthy and long.


Somiki easily breed even in aquarium conditions. They are all short-term. For successful spawning, it is worthwhile to choose a spawner suitable for the volume and equip it according to the preferences of a particular species of fish. The only common rule for all somobraznyh - increased atmospheric pressure can adversely affect this process. Care of fry, as a rule, is not difficult, and specially created feed for young stock is quite suitable for the first months of fish life.

How many live aquarium fish?

How many live fish?

How many live aquarium fish - this question that worries many novice aquarists. In fact, the life of aquarium fish, like any other living creature, depends on the type, habitat comfort and proper care.
In addition, the life expectancy of fish, significantly depends on the population of the aquarium. If you make a "hostel" from the aquarium, then the life expectancy of the aquarium fish will dramatically decrease. It should be remembered about the compatibility of aquarium fish: the wrong choice of fish - do not live long. It should also be remembered that the fish are cool - their body temperature is equal to the water temperature. The higher the temperature of the water in the aquarium, the faster the metabolic processes in the body of the fish occur, and their life goes faster.


How many live SHARK BALU - 10 years;
How many live APISTOGRAMS - 3-5 years;
How many lives FISH ANGEL PIEMELODUS - 8 years;
How many live ASTRONOTUS - 10-18 years old;
How many live BARBUS - 5-10 years;
How many lives VIENNA ORDINARY - 10 years;
How many live Botsii - 10-15 years;

How many live GIPPI GUPPI - 3-5 years;

How many live GURAMI - 4-5 years;
How many live DISKUSI - 10-18 years;
How many live DANIO - 5-7 years;

How many live GOLD FISHES - 10-30 years;

How many live Congo - 5 years;
How many live CARDINALS - 4 years;
How many live CUTTERED SOMA corridoratus - 5-7 years;
How many live Lyalius - 5-6 years;
How many live LABEO - 4-10 years;

How many live swordsmen - 3-5 years;

How many live METINISES - more than 10 years;
How many live MYSTUSES - 5 years;
How many live NEONS - 4 years;
How many live MOLYNESIA - 4 years;
How many live NIMBOCHROMISES - more than 10 years;
How many live LETTERS - 3-5 years;
How many live OTOTINCYCLUSES - 5 years;
How many live PIRANIA - 10 years;
How many live MALAVIAN CYCLIDE - more than 10 years;
How many live PLEKOSTOMUS - 7-15 years;
How many live MIST - 5-10 years;
How many live Sindontis - 5 years;
How many live SEVERUM - 10-18 years old;

How many live SCALARIANS - more than 10 years;

How many live SOM BUNGIO - 7-15 years;
How many live TARAKATUM - more than 10 years;
How many live COTTAGE SOMES - 8 years;
How many live TETS - 5-6 years;
How many live TsLKHLAMOZY BLACK-STONE 10-18 years;
How many live FRONTOSE - 8-15 years;
How many live CRIMLERS - 10-15 years;
How many live CHORNY MORULIS - 4-10 years;
How many live TETRADOES - 5 years;
How many live STURISMS - more than 10 years;
How many lives SMOKER FISH - 5 years;
How many live WEDGEBOARDS - 5 years;
How many live Rainbow - 3-5 years;
How many live PANAKIA - more than 10 years.

Aquarium sticky or catfish cleaners

Soma - suckers due to its exotic appearance and simplicity of the content are quite popular among aquarists. These catfish belong to the kolchuzhnyh family (Loricarii) capable of reaching a very impressive value even if they are kept in captivity. But at the same time these bright and unusual fish for other inhabitants of the aquarium do not represent any serious danger.

It's all about the special structure of their mouth, which nature has ideally adapted to scrape algae from leaves of aquatic plants or stones, and in aquariums - glasses and a variety of decorative elements. To say that catfish are vegetarians is hardly possible. Sticking with the content in the aquarium will not give up on animal food.

Features som - suckers

These fish, despite the large number of common features in the structure of the body, can vary considerably in size. The maximum length of some species is only a few centimeters, and the size of the others can exceed half a meter.

The mouth of the stick has a special structure. In essence, the mouth of the fish of this family is a sucker, equipped with a kind of "grater" that allows you to scrape off the various surfaces of the algae. In this case, the head is quite large, and the muscles of the jaws are very well developed. Each catfish of this family has very dense scales on its body, which makes up the so-called “chainmail”. Not without reason, the second name of the family is mail somiki. As an additional defense against aggression, quite large spines developed on many kolchuzhnyh gills.

Somiks of this group are distinguished by a flattened body, a streamlined shape with a back. Fish have a flat belly and very well developed pectoral fins. It is they who allow loricarids to move quickly in rivers, even with a very fast current. At the same time, aquarium catfish of most species do not need to imitate a strong flow, which greatly simplifies the task of creating a comfortable habitat for them. It can be said that catfish using powerful pectoral fins are able to plan in powerful streams of water. The tail and dorsal fins are mainly used when moving directly along the bottom of the reservoir. It is worth noting that aquarium fish, in the absence of a strong current, use their sufficiently powerful tail to move in the water column.

Aquarium mail catfish, as well as representatives of other families of catfish, lead a bottom life. The presence of a sufficient number of aquatic plants, suitable soil type, snags and other varied shelters are necessary for these fish for a comfortable life and good health. These catfish tend to lead a night or twilight lifestyle. Almost all of them prefer clean water with sufficient filtration and aeration. It is difficult to talk more specifically about the conditions of keeping these soms in captivity, because each species has its own characteristics and preferences. The most common in captivity are catfish of this family: antsistrus, ototsinklyus, glyptopericht, sturisome.


Ancistrus homeland - the central and northern parts of the South American continent. Its content is not difficult even for beginning aquarists. At the same time, the catfish has a very unusual appearance. In addition to simple antsistrus, aquarists are interested in star and black (dark) antsistrus. There are albino and voile forms. Catfish grown in the wild, can reach 15 cm in length. Aquarium specimens are noticeably smaller. To keep it you need an aquarium from 80 liters.

Acquiring antsistrusov, it is worth remembering that these fish love clean and quite oxygen-rich water. Flow in the aquarium, too, they like it. However, its absence does not cause discomfort in fish. The optimum water temperature is 22 - 26 ° C. But they painlessly endure a short-term decrease or increase in temperature.

Ancistrus feeds on fouling from almost all surfaces of the aquarium. And so many aquarists contain them as a kind of cleaner. But of course, their diet should also include complete feed for suckling fish. It is possible to diversify their diet and some vegetables and herbs. Lettuce, pumpkin, cabbage, cucumber are fine. It is important not to forget to remove the remnants of such food from the water in a timely manner. Otherwise, for ecological balance in an aquarium, this may become too serious an ordeal.


Homeland of otsinklyusov South-Eastern Brazil. It is a rather small fish, not more than 5 cm long. Ototsinklyus live in flocks and fairly undemanding to the conditions of detention. There are about 20 species of these fish. Especially popular with aquarists enjoy: Arnoldi, Affinis, macrospilus, negros, which. Somiki have an elongated body, the color of the back is dark, the abdomen is light. The color of the fins is transparent. Like any other catfish, ozincluses have a mustache.
Look at the ozozinclus at work.

These creatures are very peaceful. So it’s easy to get along with any non-aggressive neighbors. For ottsinklyus fish clean water is very important. Strongly overgrown aquarium - their element. Eating a variety of fouling, they greatly contribute to cleaning the aquarium. For many fans, aquarium ototsinklyus is the best and most safe way for other fish to fight unwanted algae.

Despite the fact that the main feed of otzinclus is water fouling, it is sometimes necessary to feed and pamper the most common vegetables. For example, zucchini and cucumber is quite suitable for this purpose delicacy.


Brocade Glyptopericht in the wild is found only in the South American Amazon. This is a rather large fish that can grow up to 60 cm. Catfish glyptopericht can live for more than 10 years in suitable conditions.

The oral sucker glyptopericht is developed so much that it is extremely difficult for fish to be torn off from a smooth surface and not damaged. Antennae small, slightly thickened at the base, located at the mouth. Males are brighter and more slender. Their pectoral fins are equipped with spikes.

For maintenance of glyptopericht an aquarium of at least 200 liters is required. Such a decoration as a snag is necessary - a little bit of worn wood, the glyptopericht receives the cellulose that it needs so much in certain quantities. It is important not to forget that this catfish requires a weekly replacement of up to 50% of the water in the aquarium, since it lives only in clean water.

Look at a couple of glyptoperichts.

The diet of glyptopericht consists of 60% of vegetable feed. The remaining 40% - feed of animal origin. Leads nocturnal, so the feed is better to make the evening. The most balanced feed - special tablets for large bottom fish.


The Panamanian Sturisom is one of the most prominent members of the Loricarije family. This unusual catfish lives in nature in the waters of Colombia and Panama. The body of the fish is low. It is noticeably compressed from top to bottom and stretched in length. The head is equipped with a small process.

This sucker has rather large fins. The fins, like the sturismas' body, have a reddish-yellow hue. A darker brownish strip goes along the whole body. In this case, the belly has a silvery-white color. The male is distinguished by a more intense color, and his eyes are located much lower in comparison with the female.

These catfish are well adapted to life in captivity, even if individuals from the wild enter the aquarium. But this in recent decades happens infrequently. This catfish successfully spawns in the conditions of the aquarium.

Keeping a Panamanian Sturys is easy enough. The fish is able to adapt to water of any hardness. Only oxygen saturation is important. Therefore, aeration is a must. Water should be warm enough. From 24 to 30 ° C. Illumination these sticky prefer rather diffused.

Keep sturisome only in a fairly spacious aquarium. It is better if its volume is more than 250 liters, because it adheres can grow up to 20 cm. Catfish actively eats various algal fouling from any surfaces. But since a sturisome needs a lot of food, it’s not worth keeping fish in the same volume with it, with which it will compete for food resources. Not only special tableted foods can be included in the sturisome’s diet, but also cucumber, zucchini, fresh salad. She does not disdain and animal feed. Artemia, bloodworm, minced seafood or beef will be enjoyed by fish. This catfish in captivity may well live for 8 years or more.

Antsistrus: life expectancy, how many live

Antsistrus ordinary belongs to the family of chain catfish.Ancistrus homeland are mountain rivers of South America. It is also found in Peru and Venezuela.

The shape of the body of the fish is elongated and slightly flattened, the head is massive. The main color is considered to be black with a lot of bright patches. Interestingly, the color of this aquarium fish can vary up to a light beige color. The mouth is arranged in the form of a sucker with a large number of horn-shaped processes, with the help of which catfish cling to the wall of the aquarium, snags and stones.

Ancistrus can be kept in absolutely any aquarium with a volume of 50 liters or more. These fish perfectly coexist with their neighbors, are very peaceful. As for the life of ancistrus species, life expectancy depends on many conditions. For example, the water in the aquarium should be constantly clean and replaced weekly by 30%. In addition, a filtering and aeration system must be installed. Water temperature should not exceed 25 degrees.

Catfish are activated at night, and during the day they hide behind snags and other artificial shelters. Ancistrus prefer diffuse and dim lighting. But as you know, some plants require a lot of light. What to do in this situation? The solution is very simple. It should be installed in the aquarium several lamps of different power and brightness.

It is very difficult to say how many ancistrus live. If all of the above conditions are met, proper feeding and timely prevention of various diseases, antsistrus can live to six years. Interestingly, these fish have no special addictions to feed. The diet should contain both plant and animal food. Naturally, most of all they like the most common green algae.

Some people acquire these aquarium fish not only because of their unpretentious care, but also because of their ability to clean the entire aquarium. As is known, the mouth of the catfish is arranged in the form of a sucker with many hillocks. So they can move along the walls of the aquarium and at the same time clean it. Most often for this reason, the wreckers give birth to several individuals at once. In addition, these fish are not only able to clean glasses and stones, but even collect fallen food and waste products of their neighbors from the bottom.

In short, common ancistrus is an indispensable fish in a home aquarium.

The maintenance of catfish Changeling

Catfish changeling, or by scientific synodontis - one of the most unusual and amazing catfish. As it becomes clear from the name, the peculiarity of his behavior - these fish love to swim up the belly and spend in this position most of the time. People who are not familiar with this feature can be intimidated by this behavior, because dead fish are usually in this position. But with this catfish everything is in order, to worry about him is absolutely not necessary.


Synodontis is a member of the Mochokidae family, which means "bare catfish". And indeed, in all species of this family there are no scales, instead fish are covered with durable skin, which is additionally protected by mucous secretion on the surface. Outwardly, this peaceful and calm fish look charming. Somics have an elongated body of gray-beige color, adorned with characteristic patterns of small dark brown spots.

On the head there are large eyes and three pairs of tactile tendrils, two of which are pinnate, which allows catfish to perfectly navigate in space. As a defense, the shifter uses its powerful pectoral fins and sharp spines in the dorsal and pectoral fins. These rather strong and hardy fish sometimes grow very large, about 20 centimeters and live in an aquarium for about 15 years. Usually their size does not exceed 10 centimeters. Gender is determined quite easily: males are slimmer and smaller than females, while females are decorated with larger pigment spots. Also at the anus of males there is a small process, which is not observed in females.

Content and compatibility

Som Changeling is a very unpretentious inhabitant of the aquarium who easily adapts to environmental conditions and quickly adapts to changes. The most important condition for successful maintenance is clean, oxygenated water, so you need to worry about the powerful filtration and aeration of the aquarium. Also do not forget about the weekly water changes, in the amount of 20-30% of the total volume of the aquarium. The optimum temperature is from 22 to 27 C. It is necessary to avoid too hard or too soft water.

Look at the synodontis habitat.

Since synodontis is the owner of numerous sensitive antennae, it is better to place the soil in the aquarium not traumatic. Sand or smooth gravel is ideal. Aquarium plants also need to choose carefully, it is better to stay on hard-leaf species, because catfish can enjoy the plants with delicate leaves. When you make an aquarium, you need to take care of the many grottoes, caves and shelters in which catfish turncovers will hide most of the daylight hours.

Usually peaceful and friendly, catfish can aggressively protect the territory from their relatives or open the hunt for smaller inhabitants of the aquarium. But with a sufficient number of shelters, compatibility with other fish does not cause any special problems. Often, synodontis becomes an excellent companion even for cichlids, and thanks to flexible tendrils and the ability to penetrate into hard-to-reach places, it even helps to maintain cleanliness in the aquarium.

Somik is a schooling fish, so when you buy it is necessary to take care that the aquarium pet does not miss. If the volume of the aquarium allows - it is better to buy at least 2-3 individuals. For the maintenance of such a number of fish suitable aquarium with a volume of 70 liters.


The shifter prefers to eat from the surface of the water, because in nature the main ration of it was composed of insects that fell on the water surface. It is better to feed catfish in the late afternoon, when the peak of their activity begins. Perfectly eaten as well as ready-made balanced food in the form of granules, flakes or pellets, never refuses live food (bloodworm, artemia, shrimp or mixtures). Synodontis will also gladly eat slices of cucumber or zucchini scalded with boiling water, but this food should be given to fish sometimes, as a treat. Somics have increased appetite and a tendency to obesity, so it is important not to overfeed them. It is also recommended to arrange the so-called fasting days for the fish, leaving them without food for one day a week.

Look for synodontis in company with siamese perch.


Synodontis is a rather difficult breeding species, but very interesting. Sexual maturity in fish occurs by 2-3 years. For their reproduction requires careful preparation. It is necessary to prepare in advance the spawning aquarium (the so-called spawning) and equip it with plants and shelters.

To start spawning, the following water parameters are necessary: ​​temperature about 25 - 27 ° C, hardness about 10, acidity at the level of 7 units. But it happens that this is not enough and you have to resort to hormone injections. After injections, the producers are placed in spawning and spawning begins.

After spawning, it is necessary to quickly remove producers from spawning. Fry hatch after 7-8 days. After this happens - spawning should be closed from the bright light, it is undesirable for fry. On the 4th day you can begin to feed the fry with live dust or analogues.

As you can see, synodontis or catfish shifter is an amazing fish that does not require much effort to maintain. For an aquarist, it will be easy for a beginner to take care of her and it is not difficult to create comfortable conditions for life, and a synodontis will conquer the aquarist of a professional with his original habits and charming appearance.

The answer to the question: how much do catfish live in nature?

Somov can be attributed to the oldest fish that inhabit the fresh waters of the planet. These uncapped creatures are undoubted record holders in size and weight among their freshwater counterparts. One can often hear legends about cannibal catfishes, which have been living at the bottom of rivers for more than a century.

River catfish

Soma are freshwater predators that live mainly in rivers. This fish chooses a hole for its dwelling at the bottom of the river, which it leaves only to search for food or during spawning. Catfish feed on small fish, crustaceans and even frogs.

It is impossible to say with accuracy how many years the catfish lives, but farmers have been able to make a table of the ratio of weight and age of fish. For example, individuals weighing 10 kg have lived for 5 years, 32 kg for 12 years, 128 kg for 50 years. Fishermen most often fall for the bait fish weighing up to 30 kg, because catching catfish is not so easy. For these reasons, the question of how long the catfish live remains open. In catfish there is no scale, for protection from parasites, their body is covered with thick mucus. As you know, these fish grow up fairly quickly: in the fourth year of life, catfish can be considered an adult formed fish.

Lake catfish

Less often you can meet catfish in lakes and ponds. In these bodies of water, they are most often by chance. Outwardly, lake catfish practically do not differ from the river; the only difference is the darker color of the skin. In the lake, these fish do not live as long as catfish live in rivers. This is due to the diet. Indeed, in stagnant lake water there is not much choice in food. It is because of this power lake soms are not large in size. On average, the weight of such fish does not exceed 5 kg. The average life expectancy of catfish in such conditions is significantly less than that of river dwellers. The average age of river fish is 80 years. This is the answer to the question of how long the catfish live in favorable conditions (lakes and ponds can hardly be classified as such). From this we can conclude that long-livers among lake soms cannot be found.

Aquarium catfish

Decorative and hybrid types of catfish are very popular among aquarium fish lovers. Soma is often called an aquarium attendant because of a sedentary lifestyle and a mouth-like mouth.

In the content of these fish are quite unpretentious and easy to get along with other species, without creating conflicts. The coloring of catfish is not bright and beautiful - this is due to the fact that the fish are masked under the bottom, where they spend most of their time. Catfish are active at night, so it is desirable to have shelters in the aquarium for these fish. To do this, snags, stone castles, caves or other secluded places are suitable. How long do catfish live in an aquarium? It depends on the conditions of the fish. If we observe temperature conditions and feeding regime, then catfish can live for about 8 years. But some hybrid species of such fish can live up to 10 years with good content. Feed them should be in the evening days, but they themselves can find their own food. For example, by filtering the bottom of an aquarium, catfish find leftovers from other fish.

Soma longevity

This freshwater fish is famous for its fatty and tasty meat, so the fishermen simply do not let the catfish grow. Under natural conditions, catfish can easily live for over a hundred years. But humanity constantly pollutes water resources, thereby calling into question the normal existence of fish. Therefore, how much soma lives depends primarily on their habitat conditions.

There is a lot of evidence in history about giant catfish whose weight reaches more than 300 kg. Accordingly, scientists assume that the age of such individuals is more than 100 years. It can be assumed that there are older catfish, which, according to legends, hunt floating dogs and even people, but this information has not yet been confirmed.

Sticky Cleaner

Antsistrusa belong to the family of catfish and are an obligatory fish in the general aquarium. Antsistrus ordinary or armored catfish is popular due to its peacefulness, unpretentiousness and ability to clean the aquarium from sewage. Somik antsistrus has a unique structure of his mouth, for which he was nicknamed "sucker". Additional fame added him easy breeding, care, as well as the fact that catfish gets along well with many species of fish. The most popular are such species as ordinary, super red, star-shaped and diamond.

External structure

Common antsistrus has a flattened body shape with a broad head. The body consists of alternate layers of bone plates. The size of the fish reaches 15-25 cm. Star catfish grows up to 25 cm under natural conditions. The color is light gray, black, dark gray, reddish. The special structure of the mouth of a fish with elongated lips is equipped with scrapers in the form of horns, which make it possible to strip the coating from the walls in the general aquarium. The suction cup sucks up all that is superfluous, which sticks to any surface.

The male Antsistrus is distinguished by slenderness and bushy processes on the head, which are absent or weakly developed in females. Antsistrusy move through the glass or plants with abrupt movements in search of algal fouling. Fish also eat the remnants of undernourished food, and with a lack of algae, they eat aquarium plants. How much catfish can live depends on caring for it. The fish usually lives up to 5-6 years, and good conditions of maintenance lead to the fact that catfish live to 10 years.

Ancistrus breeding can begin when the male grows long skin growths on the head, frightening off rivals.


The most common type is ancistrus ordinary with dark gray color, on the body of which there are light spots. The sizes of such catfish reach 15 cm, if the conditions in the aquarium are comfortable. Ancistrus stellate or l181 smaller than ancistrus ordinary. It has a beautiful color, white spots in the form of stars decorate his body. Star Ancistrus or Star Ancistrus is a skillful masker who can frighten the owner with a long immobility of his body. Star Antsistrus has several variations differing in fine details. The starfish catfish lives in the Rio Negru basin and is more picky about the parameters of the water in the aquarium.

Golden antsistrus has a rich yellow color, effectively looking on the background of dark soil. Red antsistrus is one of the most expensive catfish, stands out in bright color. Breeders in Germany brought the type of "super red", featuring a more vivid and rich color. Somik super red is not found in the wild and is a decorative form. Red does not exceed 3 cm, and the rest resembles ancistrus ordinary. Super Red has clear fins with an orange tint. But there were many fakes, so you need to buy super ed in proven pet shops. If conditions are good, then super ed lives up to 6 years.

Antsistrus albino has a white or pale yellow color and red eyes. The diamond ancistrus, which has the identification number l184-ancistrus, is rarely marketed. The diamond look is distinguished by black color, on the body of which there are small spots-asterisks. Breeding this species is extremely difficult in artificial conditions. Catfish l184 is indifferent to plants in an aquarium and is peaceful.

Antsistrus vualic or sucker-dragonfly - an aquarium species, bred artificially, has a beautiful appearance with veil fins and an unusual color.

Content in an aquarium

For the maintenance of catfish you will need a container with a length of at least 40 cm with shelters in the form of snags and pots. Caring for fish does not cause difficulties and the strength of beginners. Ancistrus begins its activity with the onset of the dark time of the day or with decreasing pressure. Somics love oxygen-rich pure water, with a temperature of 24 ° C and aeration, but the fish also lives at 18-30 ° C. The unpretentiousness of anscitrus to the conditions of detention allows them to exist even in hard or alkaline water.

Lighting for catfish fit dim, light and dark phases must be alternated. Acidity of water up to 7.5, hardness up to 15 °. Antsistrusy spend most of the time in the bottom layer of water, the fish are territorial and do not like strangers. Fish usually die as a result of improper care or due to an infectious disease, when white spots appear on the body of ancistrus or a stomach is swollen.


Antsistrusy adore algae, and if they are not enough, the fish will take up the aquarium plants. It is better to ensure the prosperity of algae than to feed the antsistrus with planted plants. You can also feed on scalded lettuce, nettle and cabbage. Additives in the diet of carrots, spinach, cucumbers and zucchini will benefit. From live food they eat moths, tubers, daphnia, cyclops.

Antsistrus is omnivorous, the fish love to feast on the soft algae, abundantly growing in a brightly lit aquarium. Ancystrus can also eat the rest of the feed of other fish. They are well suited industrial feed for antsistrusov intended for herbivorous fish.


Spawning of fish in natural conditions occurs in rainy seasons or in winter. Spawning and breeding of antsistrusov is not a problem, it is not necessary to stimulate their spawning, as they themselves spawn eggs perfectly. Разведение происходит в аквариуме на 50 литров без растений и грунта. Воду берут из общего аквариума, где сомики содержались ранее. Стимулировать нерест можно, добавив треть свежей отстоянной воды и снизив температуру на 2 градуса.

Обычно нерест происходит на следующие сутки, если самец не тратит время на поиски более приглянувшейся самки. Breeding antsistrusov in a spawning aquarium should provide for the cleaning of the tank from the uneaten remnants of food in order to avoid the appearance of rot. To feed antsistrusov to spawn you need plant food.

Reproduction and willingness of producers to it can be understood when the female has a swollen belly. No matter how much I had to feed her, and she would be plump, then it was time to plant her to spawn. Breeding of catfish is desirable to relate to the number of individuals, where there are 2 females per male. Manufacturers need to choose healthy, making sure that their body does not appear white spots.

Spawning occurs predominantly at night, the number of eggs reaches 200 pieces, depending on how old the female is. The roe is glued to the prepared place in bunches, and the male begins to protect the offspring, starving the entire period. If the female is not removed in time, the male can cripple her, as the fish will irritate him. After 4-7 days, the larvae appear, and when the first fry of the male appear, it should be immediately deposited.

You can feed the fry with catfish pills, boiled yolk, rotifers, small algae. Ancistrus fry are also fed with live protein food and spirulina tablets. In addition to plant food of small size, ancistrus fry can be given a center of cucumber and raw potatoes. Growing fry depends on regular food and water changes. The star-shaped species is more demanding of water parameters; fry often die due to incorrect temperature or water hardness. Ancistrus reproduction is possible from ten months of age.


Ancistrus content is possible with many fish, even with aggressive ones. But large predators such as piranha or cichlids can easily eat ancistrus. The aquarium antsistrus gets on well with barbs, scalars, cardinals, ternetias and many other fish.


Common Ancistrus is not immune from the disease, like other types of fish. The symptoms of the disease are white spots on the body, which is caused by an infection, and if they have a swollen stomach. Ancistrus diseases quickly spread among other individuals, therefore, a sick fish needs to be immediately replanted. Most often, catfish die from the disease, which they contracted while still in the pet store. Therefore, it is recommended to quarantine new Antsistrusov, and replace them with water every day. Ancistrus often dies due to the inattention of their host.

White spots on the skin of ancistrus are not always a sign of infection, sometimes these rashes occur as a result of stress. But if the white spots do not go away within two days, then it's time to go to the vet. If a catfish has a swollen belly, then there is a probability of his poisoning with a plant.

No matter how much time has passed, antsistrus will always remain the actual inhabitant of aquariums due to the mass of its useful qualities and extraordinary appearance. Ordinary antsistrus and its content under the force of beginners. And rare species, like super red or star catfish, will perfectly decorate an aquarium.

How many years have catfish lived?


how you will take care of them and feed them ... Somics live in a tank for a relatively long time - sometimes up to eight - ten years.
Aquarium catfish - Corydoras aeneus. Aquarium catfish - this is a hardy, attractive bottom dweller loves to dig in the garbage and eats everything that was left by other inhabitants of the aquarium. There are several varieties of aquarium catfish of the most different colors, most often the aquarium catfish albinos, as well as red or orange aquarium catfish.
Characteristics of the species aquarium catfish. Size, aquarium catfish: about 7.5 cm. Origin, birthplace of aquarium catfish: South America.
Aquarium catfish content: easy. Reproduction of aquarium catfish: the fertilized eggs are hatched by the female on the cupped abdominal fins and deposited on plants and other surfaces.
The contents of the aquarium catfish in the aquarium. Water for aquarium catfish: with a wide range of characteristics. Temperature for aquarium catfish: 18 - 26 ° С. Feed catfish aquarium: any food, especially quickly sinking in the form of tablets.

How long do catfish live

Violetta Dmitrieva

How will you take care of them and feed them ... Somic live in an aquarium for a relatively long time - sometimes up to eight - ten years.
Aquarium catfish - this is a hardy, attractive bottom dweller loves to dig in the garbage and eats everything that was left by other inhabitants of the aquarium. There are several varieties of aquarium catfish of the most different colors, most often the aquarium catfish albinos, as well as red or orange aquarium catfish.
Characteristics of the species aquarium catfish. Size, aquarium catfish: about 7.5 cm. Origin, birthplace of aquarium catfish: South America.
Aquarium catfish content: easy. Reproduction of aquarium catfish: the fertilized eggs are hatched by the female on the cupped abdominal fins and deposited on plants and other surfaces.
The contents of the aquarium catfish in the aquarium. Water for aquarium catfish: with a wide range of characteristics. Temperature for aquarium catfish: 18 - 26 ° С. Feed catfish aquarium: any food, especially quickly sinking in the form of tablets.