How many live soma in the aquarium


How many years will the catfish live in an aquarium?

Somiki are one of the most popular fish for keeping in an aquarium. The most common types of these fish can be easily purchased at almost any pet store. In total, science knows more than 2,000 species of cat-like animals, but hardly anyone can say exactly how many of them. They are among the most ancient fish on our planet. These fish are estimated to be around 70 million years old.

Among catfish, you can find really huge fish - more than 300 kg and several meters in length. And there are soma whose body size does not exceed 3 cm. It is the relatively small species of catfish, whose homeland is warm tropical water bodies and the cold waters of mountain streams, able to live in captivity as aquarium fish. Basically, catfish are inhabitants of freshwater bodies of water. But there are those that prefer brackish or salty water.

Appearance of som

For almost all types, the specific feature is the specific shape of the head - slightly flattened from above, with a rather wide mouth. Food som is very diverse. Some species specialize in hunting from shelters, others - on eating the remains of meals of large fish and searching for benthic animals, there are also those who eat only algae.

Catfish do not have scales per se. Their body is either completely devoid of it, or the scales in the course of evolution took on the form of rigid plates that protect against predators. This is the scale of aquarium corridor fish. Most types of catfish have whiskers. This is an important tool for finding food and orientation. Many species are able to breathe atmospheric air and have the ability to skin breathing.

Conditions of detention

Somics are usually representatives of relatively small species. Most of them are quite unpretentious in content and easily reproduce in captivity. These fish from those that any experienced breeder will advise a novice aquarist. But when acquiring such a pet, it is worth remembering that catfish are fish that prefer twilight or dark time of the day.

Suitable conditions for keeping these fish in an aquarium are not difficult to create. They are quite suitable temperature from 22 to 27 degrees. But the short-term temperature jumps most species endure quite well. Acidity is neutral, and water hardness is 2 - 12 °.

Look at how a pair of white-spotted agamixis looks for remnants of food at the bottom of the aquarium.

Life expectancy of various catfish

Many novice aquarists are interested in how much their pets will live. Depending on the type of fish and the conditions of keeping the optimum, these aquarium fish can live up to 8 years. However, it should be noted that large catfish in the wild often live up to 100 years or more. Aquarium catfish are very diverse. If you do not take into account the hybrid forms bred by amateurs, then in captivity today there can be about 800 species of these fish.

Kolomuzhny catfish, known under the name loricarium - one of the most unusual representatives of the catfish. Their second name comes from the ancient Roman name for the armor of the legionnaires "Lori ka". The bodies of fish of this family are covered with bony plates, fused together. Their favorite food is algae. Lower mouth, often - sucker. The most popular aquarium fish loricarium: antsistrusy, ottsinklyusy, loricaria, sturisome. Representatives of this family live long enough. For example, Antsistrus may well live in suitable conditions for up to 8 years.

Representatives of armor-clad or calligate are very popular with aquarists. Their body is covered with two rows of bone plates. Hence the name, because this "shell" is a good protection against predators. Catfish of this family are able to breathe atmospheric air. Males are usually slightly smaller than females. How long can these fish live? For example, corridors that are popular among aquarists live an average of 6-7 years. For aquarium fish it is quite a lot. Common representatives of the family are dyanema and tarakatum.

Representatives of the armored family are also frequent inhabitants of aquariums. Bone plates cover their body and head, creating the impression of a cut. These fish have three pairs of rather long antennae. Popular fish: agamixis white-spotted, platydoras striped. A rather large fish Plateidoras, for example, lives in captivity up to 15 years. In nature, it can live for more than 20 years.

Of great interest to aquarists are representatives of the family of fringed - catfish synodontis. How much can they live in an aquarium? From 5 to 15 years. According to some data, individuals in nature live more than 23 years.

See how star synodontists play.

Prized for bright color and catfish flathead or pymelody. The appearance of these fish to a certain extent resembles the African killer whales. These are fairly large fish. Often, only young individuals that have not yet reached their full size are contained in aquariums, for example, the weight-bearing sorubium. The question of how much these fish can live in an aquarium is not easy to answer. From 5 years and more. In nature, their life expectancy is quite high.

These are representatives of not all families of catfish that can be contained in an aquarium. To determine how long a fish will live, it is important to know the length of life in the wild and what conditions it prefers. By creating them you can be sure that the pet will be as comfortable as possible, and his life will be healthy and long.


Somiki easily breed even in aquarium conditions. They are all short-term. For successful spawning, it is worthwhile to choose a spawner suitable for the volume and equip it according to the preferences of a particular species of fish. The only common rule for all somobraznyh - increased atmospheric pressure can adversely affect this process. Care of fry, as a rule, is not difficult, and specially created feed for young stock is quite suitable for the first months of fish life.

How many live aquarium fish?

How many live fish?

How many live aquarium fish - this question that worries many novice aquarists. In fact, the life of aquarium fish, like any other living creature, depends on the type, habitat comfort and proper care.
In addition, the life expectancy of fish, significantly depends on the population of the aquarium. If you make a "hostel" from the aquarium, then the life expectancy of the aquarium fish will dramatically decrease. It should be remembered about the compatibility of aquarium fish: the wrong choice of fish - do not live long. It should also be remembered that the fish are cool - their body temperature is equal to the water temperature. The higher the temperature of the water in the aquarium, the faster the metabolic processes in the body of the fish occur, and their life goes faster.


How many live SHARK BALU - 10 years;
How many live APISTOGRAMS - 3-5 years;
How many lives FISH ANGEL PIEMELODUS - 8 years;
How many live ASTRONOTUS - 10-18 years old;
How many live BARBUS - 5-10 years;
How many lives VIENNA ORDINARY - 10 years;
How many live Botsii - 10-15 years;

How many live GIPPI GUPPI - 3-5 years;

How many live GURAMI - 4-5 years;
How many live DISKUSI - 10-18 years;
How many live DANIO - 5-7 years;

How many live GOLD FISHES - 10-30 years;

How many live Congo - 5 years;
How many live CARDINALS - 4 years;
How many live CUTTERED SOMA corridoratus - 5-7 years;
How many live Lyalius - 5-6 years;
How many live LABEO - 4-10 years;

How many live swordsmen - 3-5 years;

How many live METINISES - more than 10 years;
How many live MYSTUSES - 5 years;
How many live NEONS - 4 years;
How many live MOLYNESIA - 4 years;
How many live NIMBOCHROMISES - more than 10 years;
How many live LETTERS - 3-5 years;
How many live OTOTINCYCLUSES - 5 years;
How many live PIRANIA - 10 years;
How many live MALAVIAN CYCLIDE - more than 10 years;
How many live PLEKOSTOMUS - 7-15 years;
How many live MIST - 5-10 years;
How many live Sindontis - 5 years;
How many live SEVERUM - 10-18 years old;

How many live SCALARIANS - more than 10 years;

How many live SOM BUNGIO - 7-15 years;
How many live TARAKATUM - more than 10 years;
How many live COTTAGE SOMES - 8 years;
How many live TETS - 5-6 years;
How many live TsLKHLAMOZY BLACK-STONE 10-18 years;
How many live FRONTOSE - 8-15 years;
How many live CRIMLERS - 10-15 years;
How many live CHORNY MORULIS - 4-10 years;
How many live TETRADOES - 5 years;
How many live STURISMS - more than 10 years;
How many lives SMOKER FISH - 5 years;
How many live WEDGEBOARDS - 5 years;
How many live Rainbow - 3-5 years;
How many live PANAKIA - more than 10 years.

Aquarium fish: catfish

Representatives of the family of somobods inhabit fresh water all over the planet, and are quite rare in the seas. A distinctive feature of the catfish is the lack of scales, although nature has taken care of some species, having presented them with armor or bony plates. In total, there are about 30 families of catfish and about 2,000 species, 800 of them are lovers of domestic fish who successfully maintain and breed in an aquarium. In most catfish in aquariums, they prefer the lower and bottom layers of water, and also lead an active lifestyle in the twilight and dark time of the day.

Adult dwarf catfish reach 2 cm, and catfish giants - 5 m. Among the somobods there are aggressive and peaceful species, herbivores, predators and omnivores, poisonous, crawling over land, with electric organs, as well as possessing various other features of the whole bony group. .

Who lives in an aquarium?

Ring Catfish

Over the past 20 years, mail soms have acquired the greatest popularity in aquarism, and it is supported by new imported species of previously unexplored species. To eliminate confusion and convenience, the differences in their species began to be numbered in the order of appearance with the index L (from lat. Loricariidae - chain mail catfish).

Previously, the universal favorites were small, armored (from the Latin. Callichthyidae) soma, distinguished by their peaceful nature and diverse colors. This squad of soobraznyh need to contain groups.

Many types of shellfish (catfish, catfish, shellfish), are amenable to simple in comparison with the chain mail breeding in the aquarium. Crabfish often lay their eggs on plants and other structures, after which they stop caring for them. The female mail catfish lays eggs in the grottoes, snags, pipes, burrows, hollows, where the clutch protects the male. In some species of mail catfish, until the appearance of fry, males wear spawn behind an enlarged lower lip.

Life expectancy in aquarium catfish of some species reaches 15 years. Depending on the conditions of maintenance and care, catfish in an aquarium live on average from 5 to 10 years.

Bastard catfish

For novice aquarists, the main thing to remember is that catfish are not eaters of garbage and waste, they are not scavengers. They, like other aquarium dwellers, need care. Special food, soft soil in the aquarium, places where you can hide from the bright light, the necessary water parameters will provide aquarium catfish comfortable living and breeding conditions.

Somics: care and maintenance

Before releasing acquired catfish into the aquarium, it is necessary to take into account a number of factors affecting their livelihoods:

  • soil at the bottom of the aquarium;
  • water parameters;
  • the presence of vegetation;
  • shelters and scenery;
  • compatibility with other types of fish.

What should be an aquarium?

Aquarium soil is part of the decor of any aquarium. It is worth knowing that many members of this family love to dig in the ground for food residues, young shoots of plants. Therefore, if the soil fraction is 3-5 mm, then a large amount of bottom mud will be formed, which can be removed using a powerful filter.

Constant digging in the ground of 8-10 m, leads to an audible rustling. Small soma 5-6 cm in size move stones and pebbles of medium size, as well as light purchased structures. It is better not to lay coarse gravel on the bottom of the aquarium, since some types of catfish can damage the soft and delicate tissues of the belly and antennae, which leads to infection. And damage to the antennae threatens the loss of taste buds.

For keeping catfish in an aquarium, ordinary fresh water with a temperature of 18 to 26 ° C and hardness of 6-12 ° will do. Acidity should be neutral, with possible small deviations.

Registration of a reservoir for somik

Plants are mainly artificial. A good root system will ensure survival of living plants in a catfish aquarium. Suitable vegetation such as cryptocaryn or ehindorus.

Somiki prefer a secluded lifestyle, with a muffled light. In order for them to feel comfortable, they need shelters, roots of grapes, stones, where they could lead a solitary life, have a rest or sleep, and also snags, which are a source of edible cellulose.

If there is a bright light, catfish can not be seen at all, they will constantly hide in the thickets of plants or snags.

If you make an aquarium without shelters, then the catfish will be uncomfortable and their life expectancy will decrease dramatically.

Livable with other fish

Somoobraznye mostly peaceful, with neighbors do not conflict, but can sort out the relationship between themselves. In this case, it is extremely rare for a stronger and more powerful catfish to kill his relative. Choosing catfish for an aquarium, you must take into account the mores of other inhabitants. If the rest of the fish are not large, then herbivorous catfish species are best suited. If the neighbors are aggressive and large, the new inhabitants of the aquarium should be powerful so that they can stand up for themselves.

Somiks can be kept in the same aquarium with shrimps, except for obvious aggressive and predatory species, and the neighborhood of crayfish and crabs is best avoided.

How to feed?

Somiks are omnivores, and their main diet consists of bloodworms, corets, tubers, black bread, lean meat, cyclops, daphnia, and they also use dry food. To ensure good nutrition, you need to feed catfish Spirulina tablets for herbivorous fish.

Many representatives are happy to eat feed of plant origin. Only pronounced predators require special feeding. Somics eat rotten places on the snags, polishing them to shine. When choosing a hollow shell, you need to consider the growth of fish. It is necessary to provide them with space for a turn or the impossibility of being stuck in the hollow.

The presence of two or four pairs of whiskers, located near the mouth of the mouth, are a distinctive feature of all species of the catfish. Antennae are sensitive organs of taste that are used when searching for food. The presence of large whiskers and a wide mouth apparatus suggests the possibility of hunting the catfish for smaller fish.

Breeding catfish

For breeding catfish suitable aquarium from 30 to 70 liters - spawning. If a specific aquarium, then catfish can be bred right in it. Spawning equipped snags and plants. Lighting should be muted, twilight. Enhanced aquarium aeration is also provided.

Spawning can be generally without soil and plants, with natural light.

It is necessary to maintain the water temperature from 17 to 25 ° C, and it should be not acidic and clean. Two to three males are recommended per female, with several females in the tank for spawning, males should be 1.3–1.8 times larger.

To stimulate spawning produce:

  • changing the temperature regime in the aquarium, increasing or decreasing the temperature by 2-3 ° С per day, in the range from 17 to 25 ° С;
  • water change up to 50% of the total spawning volume within 2-3 days (once a day);
  • increase the aeration and perform air purging with air.

The composition of water in spawning is not much different from the main composition for permanent residence. The main thing is that the acidity is neutral. The most favorable for reproduction is water with a temperature of 18 to 20 ° C. For new spawning, the female becomes suitable in 7-10 days.

How is the pairing?

The courtship period lasts 7-10 days, while the male shows itself in all its glory from all sides. He tries to arouse the interest and curiosity of the female, circling around her and following her intently. When the female shows favor, she allows her mustaches to touch her, showing her readiness for reproduction of the species.

The male with its pectoral fins and body holds the female's antennae. At the same time, it produces eggs in its pelvic fins (folding them, forming a container for eggs) for 1-5 pcs. and at the same time picks up the male milt in the mouth, after which it chooses a place for spawning grounds (plant leaves, flat bottom stones, aquarium glass). A female catfish cleans a place for laying and cleans it, after which, smearing with milt, carefully spreads caviar. Large caviar, from 1 to 2 mm, single laying consists of 50 or more eggs (up to 200, depending on the size and type of fish).

Fry care

After spawning, somiki parents are deposited in a common aquarium, and the water temperature in the breeding ground is maintained at 19-21 ° C, while leaving natural light or slightly shading the spawning ground.8-12 days after laying, the larvae emerge from the eggs and then eat the residual yolk sac of their former place of residence.

It is recommended to feed fry with infusoria or dry food for fry (specialized or regular, ground into dust). After 7-10 days, the diet can be expanded with artemia, nematode, or crushed other live food (bloodworms, pipemaker).

The adult coloring of the fry is formed after eight weeks and finishes its formation on the tenth, then it changes slightly in the process of life.

Catfish reach sexual maturity at the age of 8-12 months.

Due to the large number of species of catfish, many lovers assume that the conditions of detention for all catfish are the same, and the fish becomes the victim of improper care. Before acquiring somics it is extremely important to study the reference literature on the acquired species. Each of them needs individual care and maintenance, although in comparison with other representatives of the aquarium, they are unpretentious and undemanding.

Video: catfish share territory.

Common Antsistrus - Catfish Assistant

Ancistrus ordinary (lat. Ancistrus dolichopterus) popularly referred to as often - catfish sucker, a native of South America, the Amazon basin. He lives in very different bodies of water, from swamps with low oxygen content to deep and dark waters of large rivers. On the market there are several types of catfish Ancistrus, but the most common is common.

  • Brief information:
  • Minimum volume of an aquarium: 100 liters
  • Content: Easy
  • Water parameters: pH 6-7.3 dH to 10 °, KN to 2 °
  • Water temperature: 20-26 ° C
  • Maximum size: up to 15 cm

Content in an aquarium

Simple antsistrus, or catfish stuck - perfectly complement almost any freshwater aquarium. He is the best algae fighter since he needs a large amount of food daily and he is tireless.
While the remaining mail catfish can grow up to the size of a river monster in an aquarium, the catfish antsistrus remains relatively small and rarely reaches over 15 cm. Because of this, they are much better suited as an aquarium cleaner than other catfish. .
Antsistrus aquarium fish, needs quite spacious aquariums. Since the fish is quite active, it needs a lot of places where it can hide and eat. The main part of her life goes in the search for food, eating it and searching again. Because of this, a decent amount of waste, which quickly pollutes the water. It is recommended to install powerful filters in aquariums with catfish suckers. How long does ancistrus live? Long enough, up to 6-8 years, but usually dies earlier.
Underwater shooting in Amazon:

In nature, adult antsistrusa try to hide in caves and under the flooded snags, where they are difficult to detect. It is imperative to reproduce in the aquarium an analogue of the natural biotope. You can add ceramic pots, coconuts, or large snags, under which they like to climb and hang upside down.

When choosing a filter for them, the internal one will be the most economical option, and even a simple washcloth installed in it will effectively clean the water. However, if funds allow, it is better to buy an external, canister filter, which will be the best choice for any tropical aquarium.


As already mentioned, aquarium fish Antsistrus loves to eat, and needs a lot of food. The main diet is vegetable, well suited on the basis of spirulina, which are available in tablets. Tablets dissolve slowly in water and have an attractive odor for ancistrus ordinary. You can also add vegetables, which will significantly expand their diet. Hungry antsistrusy eat slices of zucchini, cucumber mugs and lettuce leaves to the base. Also like broccoli and many other types of vegetables. But do not forget to remove uneaten food residues in order to avoid water rotting!

If you expect to get offspring from their antsistrusov, you should feed them frozen feed. From the delicacy it is a bloodworm and coretre and they can ignore other types of live food. Since the fish feed from the bottom, make sure that there is free access to the feed, otherwise they simply will not notice it.

The simplest solution for ensuring normal vital activity of antsistrus is to add a snag to the aquarium. And the digestive tract needs a leg for digestion of food. And almost all kinds of catfish get it, scraping wood from the logs. A sufficient amount of kryag allow them to remain active and healthy.


Ancistrus ordinary, easy to breed - if there are enough shelters in the aquarium, they will do the rest. But you need to try to keep more females than males, unless you have a very large aquarium. Otherwise, the males will fight for the territory, the antsistrus are very territorial, they quickly take available shelter and fight with other males for their control. However, if possible, other males eat caviar set aside in the shelter of an opponent.
Preparing for breeding ancistrus ordinary, first of all decide whether you have a pair. You can distinguish a male from a female by the presence of horns on his head. Also males are larger than females.

When the male is ready to spawn, he begins to clean the prepared shelter, and chase away other fish from him. As soon as the shelter is ready, the male attracts the female with blows of the tail. After examining the selected shelter, the female lays eggs on its walls. Ancistrus caviar is large, bright orange, hanging in clusters.

As soon as the female spawn, the male insects the eggs and drives the female, taking protection of the offspring. After spawning, the female can be deposited, her role has been played. If other antsistrus females are present in the aquarium, they can also spawn in a shelter, so one male protects the eggs of several females.

Eggs will mature for 7-10 days, until fully mature fry appear from them. The male will protect them until the fry swim independently. As soon as this happened, the male can and should be transplanted.
The first days of the fry can be fed by infusoria or spirulina ground. A little later, you can add shrimp food and vegetable food for adults Ancistrus ordinary to the diet.

Antsistrus: life expectancy, how many live

Antsistrus ordinary belongs to the family of chain catfish. Ancistrus homeland are mountain rivers of South America. It is also found in Peru and Venezuela.

The shape of the body of the fish is elongated and slightly flattened, the head is massive. The main color is considered to be black with a lot of bright patches. Interestingly, the color of this aquarium fish can vary up to a light beige color. The mouth is arranged in the form of a sucker with a large number of horn-shaped processes, with the help of which catfish cling to the wall of the aquarium, snags and stones.

Ancistrus can be kept in absolutely any aquarium with a volume of 50 liters or more. These fish perfectly coexist with their neighbors, are very peaceful. As for the life of ancistrus species, life expectancy depends on many conditions. For example, the water in the aquarium should be constantly clean and replaced weekly by 30%. In addition, a filtering and aeration system must be installed. Water temperature should not exceed 25 degrees.

Catfish are activated at night, and during the day they hide behind snags and other artificial shelters. Ancistrus prefer diffuse and dim lighting. But as you know, some plants require a lot of light. What to do in this situation? The solution is very simple. It should be installed in the aquarium several lamps of different power and brightness.

It is very difficult to say how many ancistrus live. If all of the above conditions are met, proper feeding and timely prevention of various diseases, antsistrus can live to six years. Interestingly, these fish have no special addictions to feed. The diet should contain both plant and animal food. Naturally, most of all they like the most common green algae.

Some people acquire these aquarium fish not only because of their unpretentious care, but also because of their ability to clean the entire aquarium. As you know, the mouth of the catfish is arranged in the form of a sucker with many tubercles. So they can move along the walls of the aquarium and at the same time clean it. Most often for this reason, the wreckers give birth to several individuals at once. In addition, these fish are not only able to clean glasses and stones, but even collect fallen food and waste products of their neighbors from the bottom.

In short, common ancistrus is an indispensable fish in a home aquarium.

Aquarium fish catfish Ancistrus - care and maintenance

The aquarium in the house gives joy and pleasure. Many people like to watch the variegated flocks of fish in the aquarium. There are different types of fish that can live at home. One of the most common types of Aztec is an ordinary.

Description of Ancistrus

The homeland of this familiar to all aquarium fish - the river of South America. It is also found in the tributaries of the Amazon. In our country was introduced in the 70s of the twentieth century. Habitat - mountain rivers and streams, can live in swamps and lakes.

The elongated shape of the body makes it possible Antsistrus move along the bottom of the aquarium pretty quickly. On the wide and big head there is a mouth with wide lips and suckers. Horn-shaped suckers on the lips give the fish the opportunity to hold on to the walls of the aquarium, as well as cling to stones and snags. On the face of the male there are still leathery processes. There is a flag-shaped fin on the back, and there is a small fatty fin. Ancistrus ordinary may have a yellow-gray or black color, his whole body is covered with light-colored dots. Aquarists who are engaged in breeding fish, not so often use the name Ancistrus ordinary. Usually they call her catfish sticking.

Maintenance and care

Care for this aquarium fish is not very difficult, because this catfish can live in different conditions. But the water in the aquarium should be fresh, the volume of the aquarium is desirable not less than fifty liters. It must contain stones, caves and snags, in which the catfish will hide.

The comfortable existence of this fish depends largely on the surrounding temperature. A temperature in the range of 15 to 30 degrees Celsius is acceptable, but the best option is 22-25 degrees. Antsistrus ordinary withstands temperature changes. But it is advisable not to bring the case to a strong cooling or overheating. At the same time it is impossible to allow strong turbidity of water. Therefore, it must be regularly changed. But water replacement should be done gradually so that your catfish will not feel a sharp contrast. Boil water for the aquarium is not necessary, just enough to ensure that the water from the tap is settled for three days.

In order for the fish not to choke, you need to periodically aerate the aquarium with a special device. They usually do not like bright lighting and hiding in the algae. Therefore, it is difficult to make a photo of ancistrus These fish are peace-loving and get along peacefully in an aquarium with other fish, such as guppies and scalars.


This catfish usually feeds on the bloom that forms on the glasses of the aquarium and on its bottom. But you need to feed and extra. The most commonly used dry food, which is sold in specialty stores and markets.

You can give worms (bloodworms), but you need to make sure that the fish do not choke on food. Before you throw the bloodworm into the aquarium, it must be washed. In addition, it should be given only fresh, because the stale products will bring harm to the fish.

Eating a raid on the walls of the aquarium, they clean it well. If there is not enough greenery in the diet, then the catfish can gnaw holes in algae leaves, and thereby spoil the plants. To avoid such a situation, catfish should regularly receive pieces of cabbage leaves or nettles. Preferably, these leaves before giving the fish, scald in boiling water, then divided into small pieces, tied to a small sinker, and lowered to the bottom. But now the shops sell a lot of different branded feed that contains all the necessary substances, and in this situation, the catfish in your tank will always be fed.


So, the content of antsitrus is not a very complicated matter. If a catfish appeared in your tank and it got accustomed there, then you can think about breeding it.

The female has fry in her belly, and you will immediately notice it. Such fish usually have a swollen belly. If the fry are bred in the general aquarium, then the chances of survival are small. Therefore, you need to deposit a pregnant female in a separate aquarium or in a jar. This process is best done with a special net. These are sold in pet stores. In extreme cases, the net can be made independently, from wire and gauze. These fish are sensitive and cannot be taken into their hands. Photos of such banks can be found in old magazines. In her pregnant catfish will feel comfortable. To speed up the spawning process, you can add some cold water to the jar. When the female begins to spawn, it must be fed with vegetable food. A large number of fry will appear in the bank. If spawning occurs in an aquarium, a photo of which shows in detail all the features of this, then the antcrus male will build a nest for fry.

Spawning usually occurs at night, the female can sweep 40 to 200 eggs. Eggs fall into a previously prepared nest, a photo of which you can make out of curiosity. After that, the female is deposited in another aquarium, and the male is left. The male is stalking eggs. The water in the aquarium in which the eggs live should be warmer than in a normal aquarium. Caviar develops over a period of about a week, and during all this time the male is guarding it quite hard.

Fry catfish feed on dry food. Feed them preferably at least three times a day, every day you need to change at least twenty percent of the water. Fry at the age of six months are already the size of their parents.

Beneficial features

These aquarium fish can greatly help you save on cleaning aquariums. The fact is that this catfish cleans everything around it, and two such fish can quickly clean the walls of even the largest aquarium. They even clear hard to reach places. Also usually eat food that is not eaten by other fish. Most often, these fish graze at the bottom of the aquarium, while guppies and other fish swim near the surface.

Sticky Cleaner

Antsistrusa belong to the family of catfish and are an obligatory fish in the general aquarium. Antsistrus ordinary or armored catfish is popular due to its peacefulness, unpretentiousness and ability to clean the aquarium from sewage. Somik antsistrus has a unique structure of his mouth, for which he was nicknamed "sucker". Additional fame added him easy breeding, care, as well as the fact that catfish gets along well with many species of fish. The most popular are such species as ordinary, super red, star-shaped and diamond.

External structure

Common antsistrus has a flattened body shape with a broad head. The body consists of alternate layers of bone plates. The size of the fish reaches 15-25 cm. Star catfish grows up to 25 cm under natural conditions. The color is light gray, black, dark gray, reddish. The special structure of the mouth of a fish with elongated lips is equipped with scrapers in the form of horns, which make it possible to strip the coating from the walls in the general aquarium. The suction cup sucks up all that is superfluous, which sticks to any surface.

The male Antsistrus is distinguished by slenderness and bushy processes on the head, which are absent or weakly developed in females. Antsistrusy move through the glass or plants with abrupt movements in search of algal fouling. Fish also eat the remnants of undernourished food, and with a lack of algae, they eat aquarium plants. How much catfish can live depends on caring for it. The fish usually lives up to 5-6 years, and good conditions of maintenance lead to the fact that catfish live to 10 years.

Ancistrus breeding can begin when the male grows long skin growths on the head, frightening off rivals.


The most common type is ancistrus ordinary with dark gray color, on the body of which there are light spots. The sizes of such catfish reach 15 cm, if the conditions in the aquarium are comfortable. Ancistrus stellate or l181 smaller than ancistrus ordinary. It has a beautiful color, white spots in the form of stars decorate his body. Star Ancistrus or Star Ancistrus is a skillful masker who can frighten the owner with a long immobility of his body. Star Antsistrus has several variations differing in fine details. The starfish catfish lives in the Rio Negru basin and is more picky about the parameters of the water in the aquarium.

Golden antsistrus has a rich yellow color, effectively looking on the background of dark soil. Red antsistrus is one of the most expensive catfish, stands out in bright color. Селекционеры Германии вывели вид "супер ред", отличающийся более ярким и насыщенным цветом. Сомик супер ред не встречается в дикой природе и является декоративной формой. Ред не превышает 3 см, а в остальном напоминает анциструс обыкновенный. Супер ред имеет прозрачные плавники с оранжевым оттенком. Но появилось много подделок, поэтому покупать супер ред нужно в проверенных зоомагазинах.If conditions are good, then super ed lives up to 6 years.

Antsistrus albino has a white or pale yellow color and red eyes. The diamond ancistrus, which has the identification number l184-ancistrus, is rarely marketed. The diamond look is distinguished by black color, on the body of which there are small spots-asterisks. Breeding this species is extremely difficult in artificial conditions. Catfish l184 is indifferent to plants in an aquarium and is peaceful.

Antsistrus vualic or sucker-dragonfly - an aquarium species, bred artificially, has a beautiful appearance with veil fins and an unusual color.

Content in an aquarium

For the maintenance of catfish you will need a container with a length of at least 40 cm with shelters in the form of snags and pots. Caring for fish does not cause difficulties and the strength of beginners. Ancistrus begins its activity with the onset of the dark time of the day or with decreasing pressure. Somics love oxygen-rich pure water, with a temperature of 24 ° C and aeration, but the fish also lives at 18-30 ° C. The unpretentiousness of anscitrus to the conditions of detention allows them to exist even in hard or alkaline water.

Lighting for catfish fit dim, light and dark phases must be alternated. Acidity of water up to 7.5, hardness up to 15 °. Antsistrusy spend most of the time in the bottom layer of water, the fish are territorial and do not like strangers. Fish usually die as a result of improper care or due to an infectious disease, when white spots appear on the body of ancistrus or a stomach is swollen.


Antsistrusy adore algae, and if they are not enough, the fish will take up the aquarium plants. It is better to ensure the prosperity of algae than to feed the antsistrus with planted plants. You can also feed on scalded lettuce, nettle and cabbage. Additives in the diet of carrots, spinach, cucumbers and zucchini will benefit. From live food they eat moths, tubers, daphnia, cyclops.

Antsistrus is omnivorous, the fish love to feast on the soft algae, abundantly growing in a brightly lit aquarium. Ancystrus can also eat the rest of the feed of other fish. They are well suited industrial feed for antsistrusov intended for herbivorous fish.


Spawning of fish in natural conditions occurs in rainy seasons or in winter. Spawning and breeding of antsistrusov is not a problem, it is not necessary to stimulate their spawning, as they themselves spawn eggs perfectly. Breeding takes place in an aquarium of 50 liters without plants and soil. Water is taken from the general aquarium, where the catfish were previously kept. Spawning can be stimulated by adding a third of fresh distilled water and reducing the temperature by 2 degrees.

Usually spawning occurs on the following day, if the male does not waste time searching for a more attracted female. Breeding antsistrusov in a spawning aquarium should provide for the cleaning of the tank from the uneaten food residues in order to avoid the appearance of rot. To feed antsistrusov to spawn you need plant food.

Reproduction and willingness of producers to it can be understood when the female has a swollen belly. No matter how much I had to feed her, and she would be plump, then it was time to plant her to spawn. Breeding of catfish is desirable to relate to the number of individuals, where there are 2 females per male. Manufacturers need to choose healthy, making sure that their body does not appear white spots.

Spawning occurs predominantly at night, the number of eggs reaches 200 pieces, depending on how old the female is. The roe is glued to the prepared place in bunches, and the male begins to protect the offspring, starving the entire period. If the female is not removed in time, the male can cripple her, as the fish will irritate him. After 4-7 days, the larvae appear, and when the first fry of the male appear, it should be immediately deposited.

You can feed the fry with catfish pills, boiled yolk, rotifers, small algae. Ancistrus fry are also fed with live protein food and spirulina tablets. In addition to plant food of small size, ancistrus fry can be given a center of cucumber and raw potatoes. Growing fry depends on regular food and water changes. The star-shaped species is more demanding of water parameters; fry often die due to incorrect temperature or water hardness. Ancistrus reproduction is possible from ten months of age.


Ancistrus content is possible with many fish, even with aggressive ones. But large predators such as piranha or cichlids can easily eat ancistrus. The aquarium antsistrus gets on well with barbs, scalars, cardinals, ternetias and many other fish.


Common Ancistrus is not immune from the disease, like other types of fish. The symptoms of the disease are white spots on the body, which is caused by an infection, and if they have a swollen stomach. Ancistrus diseases quickly spread among other individuals, therefore, a sick fish needs to be immediately replanted. Most often, catfish die from the disease, which they contracted while still in the pet store. Therefore, it is recommended to quarantine new Antsistrusov, and replace them with water every day. Ancistrus often dies due to the negligence of their host.

White spots on the skin of ancistrus are not always a sign of infection, sometimes these rashes occur as a result of stress. But if the white spots do not go away within two days, then it's time to go to the vet. If a catfish has a swollen belly, then there is a probability of his poisoning with a plant.

No matter how much time has passed, antsistrus will always remain the actual inhabitant of aquariums due to the mass of its useful qualities and extraordinary appearance. Ordinary antsistrus and its content under the force of beginners. And rare species, like super red or star catfish, will perfectly decorate an aquarium.

How many years live?


Aquarium catfish live in different ways ...
Somik speckled (Corydoras paleatus) - this species has a wide range of distribution, it is found from southern Brazil to northern Argentina.
Somik speckled refers to a small group of fish bred in aquariums over a hundred years.
Size up to 7 cm. Females are larger than the male, the male has an elongated first ray of the dorsal fin. Somiki have extra intestinal breathing and can breathe oxygen. They do not care about the amount of dissolved oxygen in water, they can live in small vessels without aeration. Catfish constantly dig.
Speckled catfish - schooling, peaceful fish, with nocturnal lifestyle. Live up to 6-8 years. They have albino and voile forms.
Antsistrus (Ancistrus dolichopterus) is in some way a unique fish - it is recommended for keeping in all types of freshwater aquariums with almost any neighbors. This is a fish that does not know how to swim, but it is perfectly able to clean the walls from various algal fouling and help keep the aquarium clean.
In nature, it lives in South America, in the Amazon River Basin (Guyana, Brazil, Peru), in rivers with a fast current.
Ancistrus has a flattened flat body, completely covered with polygonal bony plates. On the torpedo torso there is a pair of horizontal pectoral and a pair of ventral fins, a vertical large dorsal, small anal and fatty fins. Particularly noteworthy is the rounded lower mouth and elongated lips with horn-shaped suckers, due to which the fish are well kept on a strong current and can live in fast-flowing waters, sticking to the stones and clutches.
Antsistrusy are one of the smallest aquarium catfish: their sizes range from 8 to 15 centimeters, but usually the length even in males does not exceed 13 cm.
The average life expectancy is 5-7 years, but among them there are long-livers up to 10 years.