Aquarium

Aquarium where to start

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send


Aquarium home for beginners

Aquarium breeding is not difficult, if you do not take very demanding types of fish. There are many nuances that need to know an experienced aquarist, but you still get to them. And what should a beginner do? You say to yourself: I want an aquarium! Where to begin? We have prepared for you 10 golden rules that will help you to do everything right in the aquarium from the very beginning. The main thing is not to overfeed the fish. In the new aquarium it is better to feed the fish once a day, but after a while you can increase the quantity, following the rule - a little and often.

1. Do not overfeed fish

The main cause of problems for beginners aquarists (often even experienced ones) is too abundant feeding. Aquarium is a closed environment, so that it does not get into it, it will become part of the water in which the fish live. The food gets into the ground, where it rots, releases toxic phosphates, accelerates the growth of harmful algae, and makes the aquarium look unhealthy. Overfeed the fish and the water becomes muddy, the fish get sick, and the glass will cover the disgusting algae.

How to understand if you are overfeeding fish? Everything that you threw into the aquarium should be eaten within a minute, if the food fell to the bottom or was not eaten in a minute, this is wrong! The exception to this rule is catfish, they need sinking food, such as pills, and even if they fell to the bottom, catfish will quickly destroy them.

In the new aquarium, it is better to feed the fish once a day, but after a while you can increase the quantity, following the rule - little by little and often. Arrange a fasting day once a week - do not feed the fish, this will allow them to stay healthy and look for food on their own.

2. Regular small care of an aquarium

Maintaining order in the aquarium seems like a no-brainer. For some reason it is considered that you need to change all the water in the aquarium. But the main things are a partial replacement of water, removing dirt from the ground, removing algae, and cleaning the filter. All this is enough to do once a week. And for the new aquarium water replacement is not needed! Only after a few months you need to start regularly changing up to 30% of water.

3. Create the right conditions for the fish.

If your fish is sick - not eating, hiding, losing color, or behaving strangely, and the water quality and conditions in the aquarium are normal, then it is often difficult to understand why the fish got sick. Beginners often do not take into account one important factor - the environment in which the fish lives. Everything, for example - rocks, plants, decor, even other fish affects your pets. If you take a small fish that lives in nature in densely overgrown, shady ponds and streams and put it in your aquarium with bright soil, light and no plants .... It will experience stress, it will get sick or die. Take the same fish, run into the aquarium with plants, soft light and she will eat well and grow.

When you buy fish, do not take all that you like. Now a lot of information, read, think, learn and compatibility of different types and you will not have to be disappointed.

4. Choose the right equipment.

Filters, lights, soil can directly affect how well your aquarium will look. It is unlikely that you will put a filter that suits the whirlpool, but a weak filter is a common mistake. As a result, the gradual deterioration of water quality, poisoning of fish and plants. Small internal filters are good for beginners, but they often fail and spoil the aquarium with their appearance. For aquariums longer than 60 cm, it is worth thinking about the internal filter, which filters much better.

As for the soil, you need to understand - whether you want to keep live plants in the aquarium. If so, the best choice is fine gravel is a good choice. It is well filtered, not stale, unlike sand. But if you want an aquarium with beautiful plants, look in the direction of branded soil mixtures. They are not cheap, but they give excellent results.

5. Wash the filter in the aquarium water.

A very common mistake when aquarists wash the filter and its contents under running water and with soap. Such a wash harms both the fish and the bacteria that live inside your filter and help establish a balance. Always wash the filter only with the water you have collected from the aquarium.

6. Learn more about your fish.

There are hundreds of types of fish you can buy and they are all different. Some grow large, some are aggressive, others are fighting with their own kind, or territorial, some predators. Choosing incompatible fish you create problems yourself, suffering for fish, and all this is easy to get around if you first study a little fish. Instead of buying at random, read about them, look in the store, ask around about the fish. 10 simple fish for beginners

7. Start the new fish slowly.

A new aquarium is not settled, it needs time so that the bacteria decomposing waste multiplied and settled down. If you run your tank too fast, add too many fish, you can get a bacterial outbreak, turbidity and fish death. Launch a new aquarium slowly. Add fish a little, once a week.

8. Check water quality.

The bulk of the problems in the aquarium lies in the quality of the water. Therefore, it is important that you know everything about the water in the aquarium and regularly conduct tests. Water tests are very simple, and a scientific degree in chemistry is completely unnecessary. In most cases, a simple set can be found in the nearest pet store. Buy, it will help to avoid serious problems.

9. Find a good seller.

Although the network can find the answer to almost any question, it is still better to communicate with the person. Meet the enthusiastic aquarist - he will always give you good advice, help you in difficult situations and avoid mistakes and disappointments in your new hobby. Now there are many thematic forums, do not hesitate to ask questions, they will be happy to answer them there.

10. Enjoy your passion.

The most important thing is to enjoy your aquarium and fish, and spend a lot of time with it. Aquaristics is a rest, a part of real nature in our home, and it is not as difficult as it seems. Try, make mistakes, but do not throw and after a while, you will already help beginners.

Continuing the article about the installation directly: How to run an aquarium?

Installation of the aquarium: instructions and useful video

BRIEF INSTRUCTIONS AQUARIUM INSTALLATION

By purchasing the first aquarium and creating your underwater kingdom, you unwittingly touched by the mistakes made, incidents and incidents.
What I lacked at that stage was step-by-step brief instructions. After all, I simply did not want to read a whole book or a bunch of Internet articles about the first launch of an aquarium, because there was one “zombie thought” in my head - tomorrow the aquarium should earn!

I HOPE THIS INSTRUCTIONS WILL BE USEFUL FOR YOU, UNDERSTANDING SPEED AND GIVE STEP-BY-STEP ANSWERS TO YOUR QUESTIONS: HOW TO BUY AN AQUARIUM? I WANT AQUARIUM WITH WHAT TO BEGIN? HOW TO RUN THE AQUARIUM?

OK, GET ON ...

1. Determine where the aquarium will stand?

- it is better to place the aquarium in a dark corner, so that direct sunlight does not fall on it (from them in the aquarium, algae may start up uncontrollably, sunlight creates glare on the glass).

- think about how the power supply will be suitable for the aquarium (for connecting: lighting, filter, aeration, heater).

- If you decide to put the aquarium is not special. stand, but on the furniture you already have, or you want to build an aquarium in a furniture niche - be sure to consider the weight of the aquarium with water so that it does not fall under its weight. The surface must be durable. CHECK !!!

- if you have small children, think about their safety and the safety of aquarium inhabitants from children. Children's access to the aquarium and its equipment should be limited (the principle - "look, but do not touch").

2. Pre-dial tap water for sludge.

- this should be done at least a day before landing the fish. The presence of dissolved oxygen in tap water can kill fish. Although in practice everything can do, especially if you use special tools to improve the composition of the water (for example, Aquaceave from the Tetra series). But it is better not to risk, especially for the first time. Remember, an aquarium for beginners - the first launch of an aquarium should be carried out “according to a template”, later being experienced you can experiment, for example, if the volume of the aquarium is large and there is no place to defend the water, you can fill the installed aquarium with tap water and defend it, at least 1 day. With this method, need / desirable "Aquaseiv."

3. Now we run to the pet store and:

- we buy a pre-looked aquarium (corresponding to the chosen place).

- filter and aeration (must correspond to the volume of the aquarium).

- choose the soil and decor (artificial plants, stones, castles, snags, etc.).

- If it is winter in the yard, you still need an aqua heater.

- thermometer.

4. We proceed to the step-by-step installation of the aquarium:

- level the surface special furniture or furniture on which there will be an aquarium. To do this, buy the simplest water building level ($ 3 - then it will still come in handy on the farm). The fact is that aquarium water creates pressure on the walls of the aquarium. And any even a small angle of inclination creates a very tangible pressure on a separate wall (the pressure will not be uniform). What aquarium can "burst." Level the surface as carefully as possible. Only small deviations are allowed. For small aquariums - up to 35 litas, leveling the surface is not necessary.

- we establish an aquarium on a surface. A polyethylene bubble pad (usually sold with an aquarium) is laid between the aquarium and the surface. Ensure that the edges of the aquarium do not hang from the pedestal or furniture.

- now pour out and distribute the soil in the aquarium. It is advisable to wash it in advance after the pet store, thereby getting rid of excess dust and dirt.

- set the decor.

5. Fill the aquarium with separated water.

Not an easy job I can tell you, especially if the volume of the aquarium from 100l. (10 buckets).

Water is poured gently / slowly.

In order not to wash away the soil and not to scatter the scenery, I recommend to put some dishes or a can on the bottom. Directing a stream of water on the can, the water will spray and your decor and the soil will remain intact.

Fill the aquarium up to the top leaving, approximately, 5-7 cm from the edge.

6. Install filtering and aeration, run.

7. Now we run to the pet store again and buy long-awaited fish, snails, live plants ... don't forget to buy food (preferably wait at least seven days with this, the water should at least "infuse", aquarium chemistry accelerates this process: AquaSafe, Baktozim , Tetra NitratMinus Perls other).

8. Release the fish in your tank. The package with the fish is lowered first into the aquarium water, a little scooped into the package of water and kept in the aquarium for about 15 minutes (for adaptation). Then turn the bag over and release the fish.

THAT'S ALL!

In the future, all you need is attention and care for your pets.

And with them will gradually come experience!

Useful video about installing and running an aquarium

I hope my article was useful for you and your desire "I want to start an aquarium" has only increased. In parting, I want to say - do not be afraid and do not hesitate! Get an aquarium! Aquarium is great, and caring for it is much easier than for cats and especially for dogs)))
Dear newcomer of the aquarium world and a young aquarist, I recommend that you also read the following articles:
LAUNCH OF AQUARIUM
Aquarium for beginners
Aquarium decoration
Buying, purchasing and transplanting fish
Compatibility of aquarium fish selection and selection rules
AQUARIUM WATER: Part 1

List of all aquarium fish (A ...)
List of all aquarium plants (AO)
I WANT TO GO TO FISH: how to equip the first beautiful aquarium.
WHAT IS NECESSARY TO THE AQUARIUM: what to consider when choosing an aquarium and which fish to buy?
The most unpretentious aquarium fish, the smallest aquarium fish. Top 10 is not difficult fish!
Category: Aquarium Articles / EQUIPMENT AND FACILITY AQUARIUM | Views: | 28,717 | Date: 03/05/2013, 13:46 | Comments (2) We also recommend reading:
  • - Aquarium and fish for children: tips for parents!
  • - Hylodonellosis treatment
  • - Aquarium at work and in the office
  • - Compatibility of aquarium fish with other fish
  • - Inventory and accessories for aquarium

Aquarium for beginners: care, content, useful video


AQUARIUM FOR BEGINNERS
Problems faced by beginners when you first start an aquarium

The motivation for writing this article was the frequent appeal of newcomers to aquarism at FORUM FanFishka.ru. Almost every day, newly minted owners of the aquarium world ask their questions to which they either do not know the answers, or need advice, or have problems after the first launch of the aquarium.

All who asked for help on the forum, did not go unheeded! Even if the newcomer had gross or absurd mistakes, I never scolded him, and tried to explain what was what planned.

But, at some stage, I realized that I would not be enough for everyone and that I needed methodological material for beginners!

Looking at the materials already written on the site FanFishka.ru, I saw a sufficient number of articles - “about the first steps into the aquarium kingdom”. But, all of them were scattered and only mutually complementary. After analyzing further similar materials on the Internet, my desire to write a decent, systematic material, only intensified!

For constructive conversation, let's break down the article into sections:

1. AQUARIUM FOR BEGINNERS: arrangement, launch, frequent questions, problems.

2. FISHING AND PLANTS FOR BEGINNERS: what are the issues that are necessary, problems.

3. NUANS OF YOUNG AQUARIUM: rules that will help to avoid problems with the aquarium.

AQUARIUM FOR BEGINNERS

arrangement, launch, frequent questions, problems

To create an aquarium world, you need not only the aquarium itself, but also related products. Many beginners make the mistake of buying only the minimum part of the necessary equipment. And then they begin to run in a hurry in search of a product.

Remember, as Captain Vrungel said: "How do you call a ship, so it will sail." The first launch of the aquarium should be perfect - and this will be the key to the joy and pleasure from aquarium contemplation, eliminates possible problems and difficulties, and most importantly will give you invaluable experience. In the future, you can miss something, lazy ... but not now!

Below are links to articles in this section, in bold, priority articles are highlighted:

Running Aquarium from A to Z

An example of an aquarium design 100 liters

Aquarium decoration

Which aquarium is better

WHAT NEED TO AQUARIUM

I WANT TO GO TO FISH: how to equip the first aquarium.

AQUARIUM BEGINNING: the basics of the aquarium, the basics of aquarium

FIRST AQUARIUM DAYS: Start the creation of the aquarium world of fish!

INVENTORY FOR AQUARIUM AND DEVICES

BOTTOM AND GROUND OF THE AQUARIUM

CHANGE OF WATER IN THE AQUARIUM! WHAT WATER IS NEEDED FOR THE AQUARIUM?

Boiled thawed or distilled water for aquarium

Seashells in the aquarium

SMALL AQUARIUM merits and demerits!

LACK OF THE AQUARIUM, but are these fish really necessary?

AQUARIUM FOR CHILDREN

Other questions on the forum ...

Here's another, for convenience, as a reminder - I give a list of what ponabitsya for a novice aquarist:

- aquarium;

- aeration, filtration;

- ground;

- heat heater, thermometer;

- lighting, if not included;

- aquatic organisms: fish, plants, mollusks, etc .;

- food for prospective fish;

- inventory: net, siphon, aquarium silicone, sponges, buckets. Secondary - hoses, valves, windshield wipers, other;

Plus, I recommend to all beginners to buy immediately a means to stabilize the aquarium water. It is called the water stabilizer. Different brands have different names, here are some of them: Tetra Aqua Safe, Sera aquatan, Sera bio nitrivec ... others. Read about them here AQUARIUM CHEMISTRY.

The above articles fully disclose all the nuances of buying, installing and running an aquarium. Below are the blitz answers to the most frequent questions of novice aquarists.

1. Question: Is it possible to put the aquarium on the furniture? In the kitchen? Bath and so on?

Answer: Can. It is important that the surface of the furniture was solid and withstand the weight of the aquarium with water, soil and decorations. The aquarium can be placed anywhere, as long as direct sunlight does not fall on it. Cooking, bathing does not interfere with the life of the fish.

2. Question: After the launch of the aquarium, the water turned cloudy - became whitish!?

Answer: Nothing wrong with that. When you first fill the aquarium with water for the first time, the reservoir's biobalance is not yet tuned, because This is a long process. Primary adaptation processes of aquarium water occur. The whiteness of the water will pass itself in 3-7 days.

3. Question: What kind of water to pour into the aquarium? How often should it be changed?

Answer: You need to pour water at least 24 hours a day. Otherwise, you can run into trouble, for example, gas embolus. Yes ... you can fill the aquarium with tap water - but, counting on it at random.

Подмена аквариумной воды - сугубо индивидуальна и зависит от размеров аквариума, количества рыб и растений, прочих факторов. В целом, принято подменивать воду раз в неделю. Но, как показывает опрос на нашем сайте - это не является догмой.

"Как часто Вы подмениваете аквариумную воду на свежую?"

4. Вопрос: Можно ли аквариум декорировать имеющимися в доме статуэтками, ракушками, бусинками и т.д.

Ответ: Можно. Но, Вы должны убедится, что материал, из которого сделан декор не растворим в воде. The same shells undergo a gradual dissolution in aquarium water, which increases, albeit slightly, the rigidity of aquarium water. Painted, plastic items are best not to use. Metal - are prohibited.

FISHING AND PLANTS FOR BEGINNERS

what is necessary, issues issues

Giving advice on choosing fish for a novice aquarist, you can immediately get rid of him with the phrase: "Choose unpretentious in the content, small fish, for example, from the family of petsilia - guppies, swordtails, radishes, etc.".

But who thought it up that it is impossible to immediately start large, beautiful fish - the same tsikhlazom: severum, diamond or black-striped? If you properly care for them, then there will be no problems. And if you do not follow the aquarium and let everything go to chance, then the guppies will die in a week.

Perhaps the main qualification when choosing aquarium fish are your abilities and desires.

The opposite situation is with aquarium plants. It's not so simple. The success of plant maintenance is LIGHT + SUPPLY + CO2. Their deficiency leads to the death or poor health of plants.

Unfortunately, in the aquarium covers that come with, as a rule, there are 15-18 watt light bulbs, the power of which is insufficient for the normal existence of aquarium plants. Therefore, before you start a plant you need to study everything and prepare in advance.

The initial way out of this situation may be unpretentious, resistant aquarium plants that are not pretentious to the conditions of detention.

Below are the articles that fully and comprehensively disclose this section.

Aquarium Fish Compatibility

COMPATIBILITY OF GOLDEN FISHES

ALL about AQUARIUM FISHES

TOP: The most beautiful aquarium fish and fish!

The most unpretentious little aquarium fish

WHAT FISHES LIVE WITHOUT OXYGEN

What fish live in the aquarium. What kind of fish to get?

AQUARIUM FISHING OF ALL FLOWERS

Purchasing Transplant Fish Transportation

AQUARIUM PLANTS: let's talk about the benefits of plants for your aquarium!

CO2 for aquarium

The benefits and dangers of CO2 in an aquarium

Why in the aquarium ...

YOU CAN AQUARIUM: all the answers

Fish and snails: enemies or friends!

How much are the fish or the price of aquarium fish!

How much can the fish in the aquarium

Perhaps the most important thing when choosing fish is to take into account their compatibility and the volume of "living space". Do not chase the quantity!

Frequently asked questions by novice aquarists in this section:

1. Question: Did the fishes get covered with white dots, bumps?

Answer: This ichthyophthyriosis or "semolina" fish. It is treated with Tetra Contral or Sera Kostapur. Read more here:

Ichthyotiria how to treat semolina in aquarium fish

AQUARIUM CHEMISTRY

Discussion on the forum

2. Question: Fish die, why, what to do?

Answer: Here

Why die fish or the sad fate of goldfish!

The first symptoms of fish disease

WHAT TO DO IF FISHES ARE DISEASE OR SUSTAINABLE

We also recommend you to look at the colorful brochure "Popular types of aquarium fish". This brochure contains all popular types of fish, with a description of their conditions of maintenance, compatibility, feeding + photos.

(to view or download, click on the image)

NUANS OF YOUNG AQUARIUM

rules to help avoid problems with the aquarium

DON'T BELIEVE SELLERS.

Unfortunately, they have such a job - to smell you as much as possible. Often the sellers' advice is wrong and aimed only at one greedy enrichment at your expense.

READ, LEARN, ASK QUESTIONS.

Actually this rule follows from the previous one - it is your weapon in the fight against lies. Your own opinion based on what you read is the key to success not only in aquarism. Read several materials on the topic of interest, for comparison and analysis.

DO NOT HURRY, AND THEN SUCCEED.

Do not rush, do everything thoroughly. It is impossible to get ahead of time - everything that was done in a hurry will collapse soon.

DO NOT OVERDO IT.

Feed the fish once a day, "do not rub" the aquarium daily, do not fill the aquarium with fish and plants. In fact: aeration, filtration, normal water temperature and feed - these are the basic living conditions of the fish.

STUDY AND USE AQUARIUM CHEMISTRY.

This will give you the opportunity to quickly adjust the bio balance of the aquarium, to keep it clean, and in the case of illness of pets - to take action on time.


BONUS: VIDEO FOR BEGINNERS AQUARIUS

Sea Aquarium in your home! How to start and how much?

Sea Aquarium in your home! Where to begin?

Seawater aquarium can be a central element of the interior of your home or workplace.

But the question is:

What can you do to buy and install a marine aquarium?

How much time and effort will take further care of the marine aquarium?

How do marine aquariums differ from each other, and which one is best suited for a particular interior?

Not every aquarist keen on his business will be able to thoroughly and clearly answer such questions to you, let alone those who are just beginning to think about such a purchase. We will try to present in this article the main and secondary points related to the purchase and subsequent maintenance of the aquarium. Go.

In the aquarium market there are a considerable number of manufacturers. Each of them practices its own marketing policy and has certain advantages over competitors. German aquariums AquaMedic, "Israelis" RedSea, the Japanese company ADA, the Chinese brand Anubias - by clicking on the link AQUARIUMS, You will note more than a dozen other companies and countries where these firms are located.

For an example that will help us estimate the estimated cost of the entire list of accessories and materials that you will need to fully maintain your piece of the sea, take the inexpensive 30-liter AQUAEL NanoReef aquarium from Poland. Let's explore what features and properties we can get for 7225 rubles (after reading the list, you can immediately walk HERE)

- Dimensions - 30x30x35 cm.

- Existence of the external filter of backpack type.

- Equipping with two lamps of 11 W each.

- Cover glass and rear tinted wall in blue

Now we will start filling our aquarium with all sorts of useful things and materials that will add to this glass vessel the effect of a real seabed. They can be divided into three categories:

- What you need to purchase at the very beginning.

- The fact that you can buy a little later.

- Animals, which we want to populate the aquarium.

List number one:

- Sea salt. A seven-kilogram bucket of Red Sea Coral Pro Salt, which is really long enough, will cost you 1.730 rubles.,

- Hydrometer to measure the density and salinity of water. The inexpensive model of production Fluval costs us 590 rubles.

- Living stones. We take 4 kg, at a price of 1.350 rubles. for 1 kg.,

- Live stones, small / fight 1 kg., They will cost 940 rubles. ,

- Living sand. 10 kg. for 2.200 rubles.,

- Distilled water.

List number two:

osmosis for saltwater aquarium

- Installation of reverse osmosis, for example, Dennerle Professional 130 model for 5.295 rubles. It will filter the water and maintain the ecosystem of your aquarium.,

- A set of tests that read important water parameters (such as pH). Estimated cost - 6.150 rubles.

List number three:

- Two three-tape clown Ocellaris, each fish costs 645 rubles.,

- Two strombus - black-necked and / or Canarian Guido. 535 rub. for one snail.,

- Cancer hermit. Small (blue), but at 630 rubles. Or large (diogenic), but at 885 rubles. Take for a start small.,

- Actinia brick. The most exotic tenant of your aquarium will cost 3780 rubles.,

- Granulat XL dry granulated feed. 400 rub. for 250 ml.,

We calculate the total estimate and the cost of each list separately.

List

Aquarium

List # 1

List # 2

List # 3

Total

Amount

7225

10860

11445

7020

36550

Now let's analyze the main points of our lists in more detail:

Salt for marine aquarium

In no case can you use ordinary cooking or cosmetic salts for aquariums. Harmless to the inhabitants of your aquarium will only sea salt, sold in specialized stores. The most versatile and high-quality options can be the products of the companies Red Sea and Tropic Marin, its composition is perfect even for aquariums, recreating the ecosystems of coral reefs.

Instruments for measuring and monitoring parameters in the marine aquarium

Most inhabitants of saltwater aquariums can only feel comfortably in water with certain properties. Temperature, density, salinity, oxygen saturation and many other parameters of aquarium water can be monitored and controlled using a specific set of measuring equipment. Consider several types of such equipment a little closer.

Refractometer - optical device, at the professional level, measuring salinity and density of water. He assesses the degree of refraction of a ray of light passing through a tiny, a few drops of water sample. And based on how strong the refraction (refraction) of light in the sample is, it gives the exact value of the density of water, as well as the percentage of salts contained in it.

Hydrometer - a kind of high-precision thermometer (although it does not measure the temperature). So high-precision that such devices are often used in laboratory research. To determine the salinity of the water, the areometer requires a strictly specified water temperature - 25 ° C. You simply immerse the device in a filled aquarium and determine its salinity level in a matter of seconds. On the scale of each hydrometer there is a green zone, within which salinity is considered normal for aquarium living creatures.

Hydrometer - is a device that measures the salinity and density of water. It also needs a liquid of a certain temperature (25 ° C), at which accurate data on the salinity of sea water are displayed on a large and convenient scale of the hygrometer.

Living stones for marine aquarium

live rocks for saltwater aquarium

live rocks for saltwater aquarium

Living stones are a very important component of the marine ecosystem. Actually, why are these stones called "alive"? Each such stone is in fact not a real stone. In most cases, it is a piece of the surface of a coral reef and has a porous structure, becoming a large apartment building for a great variety of microscopic algae and animal organisms. They pass seawater through themselves, converting potential pollutants (nitrates, phosphates, various organic acids, etc.) into chemically and biologically neutral compounds. The water becomes cleaner, safer and healthier for fish and other inhabitants of the aquarium. This also contributes to the chemical composition of living stones, enriching the water with calcium ions, magnesium, bicarbonate ions and other minerals. Such stones can be located directly on the aquarium floor (some of them look damn impressive) and lie in the biofilter. And over time, the microorganisms inhabiting them will gradually leave their native stone apartments, finding new places in the tiny cavities of the soil or scenery, without ceasing to carry their beneficent filtering mission.

Live stones small / fight.

Exactly the same stones, only crushed to the state of a large crumb. They are used in the cavities of aquarium filters, where they become an excellent replacement for the sponge located there by default. Unlike standard sponges, small live stones are a much more powerful barrier against harmful substances such as nitrates.

Live sand for marine aquarium

live sand for marine aquarium

Living sand has in its composition, as an inorganic substrate, and tiny forms of living organisms - invertebrates and bacteria. A 3-6 cm layer of sand at the bottom of the aquarium will carry both an aesthetic function, creating a feeling of a real seabed, as well as a whole range of practical functions that benefit the whole aquarium.

- Many fish and other inhabitants of the aquarium use living sand as an abundant and permanent source of food - living organisms contained in it reproduce at an enviable rate, maintaining a stable amount of organic matter in the sand. Some other fish swallow sand in order to improve digestion.

- Living sand helps in maintaining the balance of chemicals in the water. Its alkaline structure has a positive effect on the pH level, and new calcium and strontium ions, important for many inhabitants of the aquarium, are continuously released into the water.

- Of course, living sand itself is home to many biological species - starfish, snaketails, bottom digging fishes, crustaceans. They will not be able to live in an aquarium without a sufficient layer of live sand at its bottom.

Like living stones, sand also has the ability to “age” over time. Experts recommend either to completely change it, or just periodically fill up some fresh live sand to the bottom. You can not keep the tank with live sand in the open state for more than a day, otherwise it may end in death for the organisms inhabiting it.

Summing up, we can conclude that creating a piece of the sea at home is not at all difficult and relatively budget-friendly. Completely ready system on 30 liters, will leave to you in 36.550 rubles.

Photo-collection of beautiful marine aquariums

Marine Aquarium video about the launch and arrangement

How to run a marine aquarium at home

If you decide to acquire exotic sea fish, and create at home marine underwater reefs, you need to know where to start a marine aquarium. The higher the tank capacity, the more expensive all the necessary devices will cost. The optimum volume of the aquarium is 200-250 liters, in such a capacity it is easier to balance the aquatic ecosystem. You can also choose an 80-100 liter rectangular tank in which it will be easier to maintain lighting and other processes.

The first thing you should pay attention to when buying a water supply is that it must carry water with a high salt concentration. Before buying devices, think about what kind of pets you want to see in the home pond. Consider their size, lifestyle, norms of water parameters for living, and only then go shopping.

Lighting in the marine aquarium

From the exact organization of lighting depends on the correct life cycle of all living organisms. The power and spectral flux of light must be special for each type of plant and animal. The minimum allowable brightness for marine aquarium with soft corals - 0.5 watts per liter of water, with hard corals: 1 watt per liter. The marine aquarium needs good lighting, because zooxanthelles live along with corals, algae that need a bright light. In addition, rich light will give a brighter color to corals.

Animals of the Invertebrates group, who like shady places, should live in a shaded aquarium, which can be with a large number of arches or stones. The light spectrum is also affected by the light spectrum (light temperature). Soft corals need white and bright light, and deep-sea corals like low-power spectra. If you light the aquarium with two white and two blue lamps, they will create comfort for all types of coral.


How to start lighting the tank with sea (salt) water? Lamps with the highest power - from metal and halogen with a power of 150-500 watts. They are suitable for aquariums with high walls, because light can penetrate deeply to the bottom, not scattering around its perimeter. Some varieties of lighting devices have a regulator function of night lighting, creating an imitation of moonlight, which is important for the reproduction of plankton.

In addition to metal halide bulbs, T5 lamps for daylight can be used in an aquarium. They are characterized by compactness and high power. With their help, you can make a night light with blue LED bulbs. One more plus of such bulbs - they imitate a dawn and a sunset during switching on and off.

Nowadays, LED lighting products that are used for a long time, consuming little power, are popular. Some of these lamps can control the light temperature, reproducing the cycle of a sunny day. The number of daylight hours in a marine aquarium is 10-12 hours.

How does salt water filter and update?

The saltwater aquarium should be distinguished by crystal clear water, with the lowest nitrate concentration. Special equipment can provide cleanliness in a closed pond. The first is a samp, which is a reservoir of organic glass, which is divided by partitions into cells (compartments), where different types of aquarium mechanisms are installed.

Watch a video on what a samp is, how it works and works.

Samp communicates directly with the tank and is installed in an aquarium cabinet, which can be constructed independently, or purchased in a store. The mechanism works according to a closed loop scheme: water from the sump flows into the tank, after pumping from the return pump. When it is collected in the right quantity, the water enters the overflow tank, and itself goes back to the sump. В сампе размещен скиммер - это устройство, которое очищает воду от органики, когда она еще не распалась. Мелкие частицы грязи быстро накапливаются в пузырях из скиммера, и концентрируются в подготовленной ячейке, из которой они удаляются.

Кроме сампа, морской аквариум должен иметь биологический фильтр, который помещают в отдельную ячейку (отсек) сампа. В качестве биофильтра может быть использован пористый материал природного происхождения или коралловая крошка. Скорость тока воды через фильтр также имеет значение.


Refugium, or algal fish - with the help of algae it is possible to purify water from nitrates, plankton, which is necessary for the food of some fish, can multiply in an algal fish. To make an algae, you need to make a 70–100-watt lamp over one cell of a sump with running water. At the bottom of this compartment you need to put hetamorph algae, which multiply quickly in good light. However, with rapid reproduction, they can take a lot of trace elements from the water, which is detrimental to corals.

Return pump and automatic refill

The return pump must be installed in a special compartment sump that regulates the amount of water. A volumetric compartment is assumed here, because during an emergency power outage, it would be able to pump all the water into it, which can be drained from the reservoir. You need to know about the power of the return pump - it must pump in the event of an emergency tank volume, multiplied by 10, and in just 1 hour. During this time, all undecomposed organic matter will be removed from the water in time.

See how to properly salt the water for the marine aquarium.

Marine aquarium is characterized by rapid evaporation of water. To resume its volume in a short time, the system of automatic topping up (autodivision) is used. It consists of a pump, which is installed in a separate compartment of the sump as indicated in the instructions. In addition to it, in a salt water aquarium there should be special compartments that are made with your own hands, or purchased. In the sump, you can install a water heater that regulates the temperature of the water. All sea home ponds are mini-areas of the warm, "tropical" sea.

Starting a marine aquarium is quite simple:

  • Type in the tank 75% of its capacity, infused water;
  • Add sea salt of company origin;
  • Start the pump and the water heater, wait for the salt to dissolve in the water;
  • Adjust the salinity of the water to 30-35 ppm using a refractometer;
  • Measure the temperature of the water (allowable temperature - 25 ° C);
  • Line the bottom with washed sand at a level of 2 cm. Install treated decorations;
  • 24 hours after infusion of water, you can put live stones. Within 7 days the aquatic environment will be formed;
  • First, mollusks and arthropods are launched into the tank. After seven days - unpretentious fish. Corals - even after 2 weeks. The biological balance in the marine aquarium will be established in three months.

I want to get aquarium fish - where to start?

Yury Balashov

11 quick tips for a novice aquarist
If you have recently taken a great interest in aquariums and decided to create a small piece of wildlife in your home and put your first aquarium - this article is for you. In it, I tried to give a few basic tips that you will need when starting your first aquarium.
1) Do not immediately buy a small aquarium, take at least 60-80 liter, if, of course, at home there is a place for it. Larger aquariums are more resistant to temperature and chemical changes. Recently, the trend is for nano aquariums (aquariums up to 20 liters), but it is better to start with a larger aquarium.
2) Wash the filtering elements of your filter only in aquarium water (not in the aquarium itself), for example, in a bucket or basin, this will allow you to save those bacterial colonies that in turn help you in the fight against ammonia and nitrite. Tap water can kill them, which for some time will disrupt the biological work of your filter.
3) Do not forget and do not be lazy to replace every week 20-25% of water, this will allow you to fight with nitrates in your aquarium. And remember that you should not, as 80% of people in our country thought, pour out all the water once a year and boil the soil, it’s enough to replace 20-25% of the water with fresh water, which will ensure a long and happy life of your aquarium.
4) Do not overfeed fish, it is very important. Firstly, overfeeding harms the fish itself (here you can look at people, overeating was not good for anyone), and secondly, the food that was not eaten starts to rot in the aquarium (the smell of the swamp), which significantly spoils the water quality.
5) Always check the compatibility of the fish you buy. You must admit that nobody saw an open-air cage with wolves, penguins and rabbits living together in a zoo. In the aquarium just as well.
6) Do not release a new fish from the bag or bottle directly into the aquarium, first place this bag in the water to even out the temperature, then add 50-100 ml of water from the aquarium into the bag, the bottle - this is done in order to level the parameters water. It is better to do this alignment within 20-30 minutes, no less.
7) Before buying fish, inspect it very carefully for damage, cloudiness, sores and other abnormal condition.
8) Use the quarantine aquarium for newly arrived fish, this will help to keep the fish that you already have. The question is especially acute when the fish is not cheap, and in any case, the fish after some time become full members of the family and we, aquarists, need to take care of their health. So just in case keep a quarantine aquarium where you can watch a new fish for a couple of weeks for its health.
9) Run the aquarium consistently, so as not to overload the filtration system. The filtration system as a human body, if it is trained gradually, it will give a greater result than if you immediately give a greater load. Colonies of bacteria develop gradually with increasing load, so do not immediately run all the fish that you have identified yourself.
10) Do not believe the rule of 1 cm fish = 1 liter of water, who invented it and when, but this rule is not entirely correct.
11) Do not get carried away using chemicals, especially if you do not fully understand their effects and the consequences of their use.
It is worth remembering that the path to success in aquariums lies in drawing new and new information through books, magazines, forums and aquarium portals,
which help to go to success in our with you hobby.

I want to buy an aquarium and make fish. Where to begin???

Julia Plekhanova

Buy an aquarium of 20-30 liters (some 1500-2000 rub), a compressor (filter) - it purifies water and draws oxygen into it (500 - 600 rub), a thermometer (from 40 to 150 rub), a good book on breeding aquarium fish where there is a photo and description of the habitat (150 - 1000 rubles).
After that, you need to decide on the fish. If unpretentious - then guppies or neons. They need to take pack of 6-10 pieces at once and do not grow large. For these fish, the heater is needed insofar as. If the apartment is warm in winter, the fish will be fine and so. The temperature of the habitat is about 20 degrees. Well, still buy soil, algae, decal.
Other fish are more capricious.
Interested?

Elena Gabrielyan

The aquarium is preparing to start a whole month. For a beginner, an optimal volume of 50-100 liters. New aquarium before installing, thoroughly rinse the host. soap without additives or with soda. To it you must first of all purchase a filter with aeration and a water heater with a thermostat (the temperature in the aquarium should be 24-26 C) - all the equipment is matched to your aquarium volume. Thoroughly washed (if bought at a pet store) or boiled for 2 hours if they collected themselves) - the soil should be 3 - 5 mm, poured into the aquarium, half filled with water, you can directly from the tap, a filter with an aerator and water heater are installed with thermostat (all equipment must be completely immersed in water), be sure to thermometer monitoring the temperature of the water and the water heater and left in working condition for a week. During this time, you decide on aquarium plants, whether living or artificial and 3 living are the most unpretentious: Arrowhead, Valisnenria, Roghubnik (floating on the surface of the water), Indian fern, (decorations - grotto, snag, scenery - is chosen to taste), plant live plants for a week (if planned), completely fill the aquarium with water (it should be separated for at least 3 x days), the filter with the water heater should work continuously without shutting down
(24 hours a day) and leave for 2 - 3 weeks to fully establish biological equilibrium. During this time, a colony of beneficial bacteria will settle on the filter material and in the soil, and you will be able to determine the aquarium community, i.e., fish.
In an aquarium with a capacity of less than 50 liters fit
1. Guppies alone or with specialties
2. Aquarium with harazinki - Neon, Cardinals, Minor, Ternetsii, catfish - Mottled, Antsistr, Golden, Gastromizon
If the aquarium is over 100 liters then you can
1. Barbs - kept away from other fish
2. Angelfish, Gourami, Sword-bearers, Black Moth - you can keep each view separately or together
4. Goldfish - one fish should have at least 10 - 15 liters without tail fin
It is necessary to transfer the fish to the aquarium slowly over a period of 3 to 4 hours for the night, pouring half a glass of water from your aquarium every 20-30 minutes into the bag with the fish brought.
It is desirable to feed the fish with high-quality feed, frozen bloodworm, daphnia, Golden feed with vegetable feed (like duckweed), dry food as an additive - adult fish 1 time per day, adolescents 2 times. 12 day a week full hunger strike (fasting day).
GOOD LUCK

Jenshen

First you need to gather information ...
Believe the sellers in the zoo shop is not worth it ... believe me - 99% of them do not understand anything in fish and they have one goal - revenue ... therefore they will calmly advise you 20 gold and ten scalar in a beautiful 10L vase on the leg ("what?? glamorous after all?!?! ") and it is extremely difficult for a newcomer to find from their amount the remaining 1%
Step one - decide on the type of fish ... for starters, choose 1-2 species and 1 type of catfish (from your own experience, especially if the aquarium is for a child - pay attention to the viviparous: guppies, molines, swordtails)
the second step - under the already selected type of fish we select the volume of the aquarium. carefully study the information about the volume of water for each species separately !! ! in many sources they give a formula of 1 l per 1 cm of the length of the body of a fish ... this is absolutely not correct !!!! this formula is suitable except for the same live-bearers
The third step is to carefully study the information on the proper start of the system ... just pouring in the soil and pouring water is absolutely wrong ...
the fourth step - only after the information is read, the aquarium is up and running for 2-3 weeks without incident (for example, without cloudiness of water) only after that you can start buying fish ... do not rush to buy the whole flock at once ... break it 2-3 times ...
and do not rush to buy everything in one day ... I think if you stretch the pleasure of the child through the process of organizing the system - it will only be more interesting for him ... and as a result there will be less children's tears over the dead fish
there are a lot of aquarium portals ... it’s enough to type "an aquarium forum" in the search
as well as you can visit the aquarium community "Aquarium at Home" //my.mail.ru/community/akva-xobbi here will always help and prompt

Iris

Do not buy an aquarium less than 50-70 liters. It is much easier to care for such volume, it is faster and better established biological balance. Better get an elongated rectangular aquarium. The soil is 1-2 cm thick, the plants are better alive - arrowhead, echinodorus, 2-3 bushes will be enough, they are unpretentious and grow well. Do not worry about the decor, a large number of spoils the look of the aquarium. A filter with aeration is required (I have Aquael, everyone is happy). Thermometer. Feed dry Tetra (I like). Get 1-2 somikov (pterihi, antsistrusy), fish, I would advise the Sword (they are bright and unpretentious), mollies (there are black, yellow, white), danios, cardinals. Once a week, the replacement of 20% of water (water from under the tap should be left for a day or two). Siphon clean the soil every 7-10 days. If necessary, you will have to clean the glass from the inside with a green sponge, but usually the teteter beautifully cope with this.
Good luck to you! If anything - write!

I want to get the fish where to start. What kind of water to fill in the aquarium

Andrey Kovalenko

"first you need to buy an aquarium and wash it for a week", but why :)? To extend the fun launch of the aquarium :)
ANDREY ANDREYEV, as I understand the most banks yet, then I will begin:
1. Better to buy an aquarium of at least 50 liters
2. Next, you will need to buy a filter (but better, of course, a pump with a sponge): so that the water in the water mixes, and it is necessary so that the temperature in all water layers is the same, as well as to saturate the water with oxygen, also on the pump sponge beneficial bacteria accumulate (so now you understand that this equipment is mandatory for an aquarium !!)
3. Thermometer: so that you always know what the temperature of the water in the aquarium
4. Thermo heater: necessary to raise the temperature of the water in the aquarium (but you can not buy it if you have a temperature in the room where the aquarium will stand, the temperature does not fall below 24 degrees)
5.lamps (I have energy saving with a temperature range of 4200K (this spectrum is well suited for living plants)), lamps are necessary for living plants, if artificial plants are planned, then you can take with a temperature spectrum of 6400K (under this spectrum, the fish look beautiful)
6.Grunt: it is best to buy the soil with a fraction of 2-3 mm A layer of soil is better so that there is at least 3-4 cm, then let's talk about launching the aquarium:
1. Place the substrate under the aquarium at the place where the aquas will stand (you can make the substrate of foam)
2. wash the aquarium with warm water and a sponge
3. wash the purchased soil in the bucket (so that there is no dirt left in the soil), you can boil it (but I did not do it)
4. we fill in water from the tap to half akvas
5.Fill soil (washed in a bucket) in the aquarium
6. install the equipment (pump with a sponge, thermometer, thermal heater (if necessary)), turn on all this equipment after you have completed step 8
7. Set the scenery
8. fill the water to the end
9. The next day we plant live plants in the ground.
10. Turn on the lamps (the lamps must be switched on at least 9 hours a day, but for the first time no more than 4-5 hours, otherwise we can’t avoid algae)
11.day after 4 you can run 2 somics (preferably corridors, resistant somiki ... checked by me :))
12. A few days after launch, the water will cloud, so do not worry, after a while the water will become clear.
13. 2 weeks later you can run any fish you want (well, of course those that are suitable for your volume)
Attention!! ! Immediately start a lot of fish should not be (fraught with a bacterial outbreak, and therefore the death of your population in aquas)
Then talk about the care of aquas:
1. We do not change the water in the first month after the launch of the aquarium at all (do not change the month !!!)
2. After that, it will be necessary to change the water once a week at 20-30%
3.After you run the fish in the aquarium they should not be fed for 2 days (this is due to the fact that the fish must adapt to your aquas)
4. further it is best to feed the fish (young 2 times a day, adults once a day), and arrange a discharge day once a week (i.e., not feed at all once a week)
5. Also, as long as you still have not grown plants, it is necessary to siphon the soil (once a week) in places where the plants are not planted.
6. clean the glass as needed (you can clean it with a scraper, or you can do it yourself as described on the site //www.aqa.ru/forum/vt171728)
"2. After this, it will be necessary to change the water once a week at 20-30%" - at this point I forgot to write that the water must be defended for at least 9 hours (it is necessary for chlorine to disappear from the water), (I do so : I pour water into a bucket (10 liters) and leave the water to stand overnight, then pour water from the aqua (hose) into another (empty) water bucket, then pour (with a bucket :)) waste water into the aquas)
Well, for the care of aquas I kinda wrote everything :)
Good luck in the aquarium!

Elena Ivasenko

Buy an aquarium, filter or compressor, thermometer - to measure the temperature in the aquarium, the water heater - to maintain a certain temperature in the aquarium - from 20-26 degrees, each fish needs its own temperature, the optimum is 24.Water defended. Then buy soil, plants and fish compatible between by myself.

Yury Balashov

11 quick tips for a novice aquarist
If you have recently taken a great interest in aquariums and decided to create a small piece of wildlife in your home and put your first aquarium - this article is for you. In it, I tried to give a few basic tips that you will need when starting your first aquarium.
1) Do not immediately buy a small aquarium, take at least 60-80 liter, if, of course, at home there is a place for it. Larger aquariums are more resistant to temperature and chemical changes. Recently, the trend is for nano aquariums (aquariums up to 20 liters), but it is better to start with a larger aquarium.
2) Wash the filtering elements of your filter only in aquarium water (not in the aquarium itself), for example, in a bucket or basin, this will allow you to save those bacterial colonies that in turn help you in the fight against ammonia and nitrite. Водопроводная вода способна убить их, что на некоторое время нарушит биологическую работу вашего фильтра.
3) Не забывайте и не ленитесь подменивать каждую неделю 20-25% воды, это позволит вам бороться с нитратами в вашем аквариуме. И запомните, что не стоит, как считали 80% людей в нашей стране, выливать всю воду раз в год и кипятить грунт, достаточно подменивать 20-25% воды на свежую, что обеспечит долгую и счастливую жизнь вашего аквариума.
4) Не перекармливайте рыб, это очень важно. Firstly, overfeeding harms the fish itself (here you can look at people, overeating was not good for anyone), and secondly, the food that was not eaten starts to rot in the aquarium (the smell of the swamp), which significantly spoils the water quality.
5) Always check the compatibility of the fish you buy. You must admit that nobody saw an open-air cage with wolves, penguins and rabbits living together in a zoo. In the aquarium just as well.
6) Do not release a new fish from the bag or bottle directly into the aquarium, first place this bag in the water to even out the temperature, then add 50-100 ml of water from the aquarium into the bag, the bottle - this is done in order to level the parameters water. It is better to do this alignment within 20-30 minutes, no less.
7) Before buying fish, inspect it very carefully for damage, cloudiness, sores and other abnormal condition.
8) Use the quarantine aquarium for newly arrived fish, this will help to keep the fish that you already have. The question is especially acute when the fish is not cheap, and in any case, the fish after some time become full members of the family and we, aquarists, need to take care of their health. So just in case keep a quarantine aquarium where you can watch a new fish for a couple of weeks for its health.
9) Run the aquarium consistently, so as not to overload the filtration system. The filtration system as a human body, if it is trained gradually, it will give a greater result than if you immediately give a greater load. Colonies of bacteria develop gradually with increasing load, so do not immediately run all the fish that you have identified yourself.
10) Do not believe the rule of 1 cm fish = 1 liter of water, who invented it and when, but this rule is not entirely correct.
11) Do not get carried away with the use of chemicals, especially if you do not fully understand their effects and the consequences of their use.
It is worth remembering that the path to success in aquarism is through scooping up new and new information through books, magazines, forums and aquarium portals that help us to succeed in our hobby.

Grot5

Modern aquariums are assembled on silicone, so that they are fully ready for work and do not need to be washed. Install an aquarium with the necessary equipment, fill it with water, turn on the aerator, heater, filter. When the water warms up, you can land the plants. Let the aquarium work without fish for two weeks. And only then you can run the fish.

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send