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Aquarium fish tsikhlazomy

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Black-striped Tsichlasoma - small, brisk, prolific

Black-striped Cychlasma or Zebra Cichlasoma (Latin Cichlasoma nigrofasciatum) is a small, active and popular aquarium fish. Its size, even in a spacious aquarium, does not exceed 13-15 cm, and it is one of the smallest cichlids of Central America. In this case, the male black-striped tsikhlazomy larger than females, but the females are brighter colored. Despite the modest dimensions for the cychlasse, the black-striped is cast by the pugnacious and unsociable character. For example, they attack any fish that have swum into their territory, even if it is three times larger than them. It is best to keep them alone or with other cichlids, but always in a spacious aquarium. It is important that the black stripes have their own angle, in which no one is allowed to swim.

Another advantage of the black-striped tsikhlazomy is that it is very easy to get divorced, and often from the aquarist for this it does not have to put any effort at all. They have a reputation for fish that spawn in a package while you are taking them home from the store. Of course, this is a joke, but a joke that is not far from reality.

But, despite all its advantages, black-striped can not be advised to beginners. All the same, aggressive fish are not very suitable for beginners, especially if they are not aware of this behavior and buy these fish in the general aquarium.

Habitat in nature

Aquarium fish Aphitlania nigrofasciata (black-banded cichlid) (previously Archocentrus nigrofasciatus and Cichlosoma nigrofasciatum) were first described in 1867. She lives in Central America, from Guatemala to Honduras and Panama. At the moment, it is quite widely spread in the United States, especially in the southern states.
She lives in the rivers Guaramo, Aguane, Tarkoles. He loves places over, and is found in small streams and in large rivers. A typical biotope, inhabited by a black-striped tsikhlasoma, is a rocky bottom, with many shelters. This fish is almost never found in open places, preferring corners with various shelters. It feeds in nature by insects, their larvae, worms, fish, plants.

Description

The black-striped strong body, oval-shaped with a pointed anal and dorsal fin. This is one of the smallest cichlids, the male reaches 13-15 cm in length, and the female is 8-10. The average life expectancy of about 8 - 10 years, although with good care can live longer.
The body color is bluish gray, with 8 or 9 wide vertical black stripes. The bands that go right behind the gill cover have a gap and resemble the letter "U". The fins are transparent or slightly yellow. In the process of hybridization, several unusual colors appeared, such as albinos.

Difficulty in content

Black-striped tsikhlasoma very easy to maintain and care. But at the same time it is not suitable for beginners because of its pugnacious nature. It is best to keep it alone, or with other Central American cichlids, in a very spacious aquarium.

Female black-striped tsikhlazomy

Feeding

Black-striped omnivores, that is, they eat everything that you offer them. You can feed with different feeds, for example: artificial feeds for cichlids, vegetable pills and flakes with spirulina, vegetables, beef heart, bloodworm, strawberry, cortetra, artemia. To avoid contamination with food residues, you need to feed two times a day in small portions.

Maintenance and care in the aquarium

It is better to keep in aquariums with a large volume and open places for swimming. A pair of young black-striped can live in an aquarium of 100 liters, but for mature fish you need about 250 liters. Best of all they feel in temperate aquariums and clear water. The easiest way to achieve this is by using a powerful external filter. And there is a lot of waste from them, so filtering should be at a high level.

Black-striped like warm water (24 - 28 ° C), can live at very different parameters of acidity and hardness, but preferably ph: 6.0-8.0, and 6 - 8 dGH.

This is an undemanding fish, for which simply care. Sandy soil, stones, roots, snags will allow her to feel at home. Plants may be planted, but they must be hardy and robust species, since black-striped people often dig and carry soil and small plants can be dug up by the roots. The fact that she digs the ground is normal and is a habit for the fish, but can also be a sign of approaching spawning.

Compatible with other fish

Aggressive fish, which contain only with other large cichlids, or separately. You can not keep them with peaceful, not very aggressive or too large fish, which themselves are able to swallow black-striped. They are especially aggressive during spawning, and can kill almost any fish. There are cases when the black-striped tsikhlazomy scored plexostomus or Oscars, which were three times larger than them!

It is best to keep them separate, the pair - the male and female. They are also very aggressive towards fish of their kind.

A fight with the Managuana Cichlasoma:

Gender differences

Distinguishing the female from the male in the black-striped is not difficult. It is possible to determine the sex of the male in size, it is larger, with a steeper forehead, but less brightly colored. Like most cichlids, the male anal and dorsal fins are pointed and elongated. The female has an orange color on her stomach, she is smaller and more rounded.

Breeding

Black-striped tsikhlazomy lay their eggs in nature in caves and burrows. This is one of the easiest fish to breed, which often, a lot and willingly spawn. But besides this, they are still very caring parents. A couple jealously guards so many fry that all the other inhabitants of the aquarium just have to hide in the corners. Fans of these fish, rather unhappy with such a pace and do not know how to get rid of fry. It is advised to get fast fish, such as Sumatran barbs.

It is interesting to observe the spawning of black-striped tsihlaz. The male becomes upright in front of the female, and demonstrates her best colors. Then they clean together a convenient place and dig up a nest, in a shelter or near a large stone, a pot or a cave. Then the female will lay 20-40 eggs inside the shelter, and the male will fertilize them immediately. The process will be repeated several times, and the number of eggs can reach up to 300, depending on the size of the female. The female will look after the caviar and fan it with fins, while the male patrols everything around and drives away the strangers.

Depending on the temperature and pH, the roe will turn within 48 - 72 hours. And in another 6-8 days, the fry will start swimming and eating. You can feed the fry with daphnia, the nautilia of Artemia, crushed feed for cichlids. After three weeks they will be able to eat flakes that their parents eat, not crushed. The female helps the fry by digging out food that has fallen to the bottom, or by grinding it in the mouth and spitting out large pieces. Also, parents develop a special secret on the body, which can serve as food for the fry.

Parents guard their fry very zealously, and poor neighbors lonely huddle in the corners. When in danger, they can literally dissolve in the ground, becoming completely invisible. And the male will fight for them to death.

If you plan to raise fry, then after a few weeks it is better to remove it, as the female sometimes eats her fry. After removal of the fry, the breeding process will start again. But keep in mind that there is no place to put them, as the supply exceeds demand, and the black-striped cichlid is not as popular as guppies or neons.

Diamond Tsichlasoma: content, compatibility, reproduction, photo-video review



CRYCHLASOM DIAMOND possession, compatibility, reproduction, photo-video review In terms of popularity among tsihlazom, diamond, is in second place, second only cichlase black-banded. Which, in my opinion, is not entirely fair, because the decorative qualities of a diamond are much higher.

Most likely, giving such preference, aquarists proceed from the size of the fish. Black-striped tsikhlasoma smaller diamond, and therefore, it can lead a much larger number of people. Hence the demand!

Nevertheless, if the open spaces of your aquarium make it possible to contain 15 centimeter fish, and the soul asks for beauty and sparkling gloss - the diamond chichome will be a good choice for you!

Latin name: Cichlasoma cyanoguttatum.

Other names, synonyms, subspecies: Herichthys panoguttatum, Herichthys carpinte, Heros panoguttatum, Perlcichlidae, Pearlscale Cichlid, Green texas cichlid, Heros temporatus, Herichthys temporatus, Cichlasoma laurae, Astatheros laurae.

Russian name: Diamond Tsikhlazoma.

Synonyms: Pearl cichlid; Texas cichlid; diamond cichloma.

Order, family: Perciformes, tsikhlovye.

Comfortable water temperature: 22-26 ° C.

"Acidity" Ph: 6.5-8.0.

Aggressiveness: moderately aggressive 60%.

Stiffness dH: 25 °.

The complexity of the content: easy.

Compatibility: The diamond chichlasoma, although it is a rather large cichlid, nevertheless has a calm disposition. Even small-sized, peaceful fish can be attached to it, especially if such replanting is carried out simultaneously by the young. In general, the issue of compatibility of cichlids is always controversial and not unambiguous, because these are initially aggressive fish, moreover, they have intraspecific aggression. Males tsihlazom aggressive towards each other, territorial. Neighbors should be large or medium fish, for example, cichlids of the same temperament (not very aggressive).

Nevertheless, with the right content, the presence of a sufficient volume of the aquarium and with the correct zoning of the reservoir, it is possible to achieve amazing results. In such conditions, males are tsikhlazami, and females are tolerant to neighbors.

The diamond chichlaoma is compatible with other cichlasomes (the same black-striped), other cichlids of similar and medium size. I think small pseudotropheus, pelmtochromis (parrots) will also make a good company to this large neighbor. Somopodnye fish - armored catfish (torakatum, corridors), bag-haired catfish and others will also be compatible.
Somehow I even managed to successfully contain a pair of diamond rings with a flock of terntions. But, once again I emphasize! All this is relative. It is important to carefully approach this issue.

I recommend, read here with this article. Compatibility of aquarium fish.

Not compatible: A diamond tsichlasoma is unequivocally incompatible with small, sluggish, veiled fishes, for example, the entire family of Golden fishes is incompatible with tsikhlazomami, and petsilii (gupi, molliesii, radishes), small tetras, danios, neons - will be simply eaten. Of cichlids, diamond fish is better not to combine with scalars and the more discus.

How many live: is aquarium long-liver and can live more than 15 years. Find out how much other fish live HERE!

The minimum volume of the aquarium: a pair of diamond cichlase can be kept in an aquarium from 110-150 liters. But, it provided that the aquarium will be specific - without neighbors. Recommended comfortable volume of the aquarium is 200 liters. About how much you can keep fish in the X aquarium, see HERE (at the bottom of the article there are links to aquariums of all volumes).

Requirements for care and maintenance: diamond tsikhlasoma unpretentious content. Observance of optimal parameters of aquarium water is perhaps the main requirement. The fish is resistant to short-term deterioration of conditions of detention - enduring. But, still loves clean water! Therefore, good filtration and aeration is mandatory. Once a week should replace the aquarium water to fresh before? volume.

To imitate the natural, natural conditions, it is advisable to decorate an aquarium with grottoes, stones, and snags, creating a "chaotic-aesthetic blockage of the bottom".

Plants in a cichlasome aquarium should have a strong root system and be well rooted. Otherwise, the fish pulls them up.

To the power of lighting has no special requirements.

Feeding and diet: In feeding, they are absolutely not whimsical - omnivores. Like all fish, diamond tsikhlazomy love live food, including frozen. Dry food, substitutes, pet shop chips will also be happy to be eaten. It should not be forgotten that they need vegetable feed. You can buy appropriate vegetable feed in pet stores, you can grow low-cost and fast-growing plants at feed, for example Leopard. In addition, they can be given (once a week) leaves of spinach and lettuce scalded previously with boiling water. Overeating is not typical of these fish.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feed for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

In nature, live: range from Mexico to the south of the United States. Rio Grande River Basin.

Description: possesses an elongated, long body and sufficiently flattened on the sides. Fish eyes are large, mouth is terminal, thick lips. Dorsal fin is long. The main body color is from dark brown to olive, on which light blue specks (like diamonds, sparkling rhinestones) are scattered including fins. The length of the diamond tsikhlasoma is up to 15 cm. In nature, it can reach 30 cm.

Dilution, reproduction of diamond cichlazoma

Artificial reproduction of the diamond cichlasoma is absolutely not difficult.

Sexual maturity of producers occurs in 10 - 15 months. Sex differences (dimorphism) of the male and female are clearly expressed - the males are much larger and brighter in color, have elongated long fins (upper and anal). In females, the fins are rounded. The forehead of males is convex, in the form of a hillock - it is also a "fat callus". During the spawning period in the male, you can see a pointed anal tubercle, while in the female this tubercle (he is an egg-deposit) looks like a truncated pyramid.


In the photo, the sex differences of the diamond cichlasoma

Spawning occurs independently, without much intervention by an aquarist. An incentive for spawning is an increase in aquarium water temperature up to 28 ° C and frequent replacement of aquarium water with fresh water up to two times a week in a volume of up to 1/3. Recommended pH values ​​are 6.5 - 7.5, and dH - 6-25 °.

Spawning can occur year-round at intervals of two months. A pair of producers spawn in both the general aquarium and in a separate spawning pond, the volume of which must be at least 90 liters. In order to save a large number of offspring, it is recommended, nevertheless, to remove the finished pair in the spawning ground. In addition, with frequent spawning, the number of eggs decreases and can be only 200 eggs per spawning. In this regard, it is recommended to arrange rest for manufacturers (seasonal breaks), which is achieved by lowering the temperature of the aquarium water. Observing what was said for one spawning, you can get from 1000 eggs and more at a time.


In the photo caviar diamond tsikhlazomy

The female lays eggs on hard, flat objects sometimes on the leaves of plants. Care for the calf is carried out completely by the female, sometimes the male helps her in this, but more often the males behave aggressively and eat the eggs. In such cases, the male must be transplanted.

The incubation period of caviar lasts from 3 to 6 days and depends on the temperature of the aquarium water. After the larvae appear, the female transfers them to the hole prepared in advance before spawning. After 2-3 days, the larvae begin to swim and feed. From this period, they need to start feeding - live dust, atemia, nematodes, Cyclops nauplii and chopped strawberry. With the growth of fry, they are transferred to larger “adult” feeds.


In the photo are young larvae Tsikhlazomy diamond

During the entire period of cultivation of eggs, larvae and fry, it is recommended not to forget about the powerful aeration and filtration of water.

In the future, the young are transplanted into a nursery aquarium, sorted and carried out the defecation.

Interesting about diamond cichlasome

The Latin name for the diamond cichlasoma is Cichlasoma cyanoguttatum. However, with respect to this name, there is constant debate, debate and reclassification. For example, in 1983, the Swedish subject and ichthyologist Sven Kul-Lander decided that too many fish belong to the genus Cichlasoma, which, in fact, are very different from each other.According to the results, the work carried out and the reclassification by the tsikhlaz was divided into several separate genera in sections. So, according to the new classification, the diamond tsikhlazom acquired the name Herichthys cyanoguttatum.

In general, ichthyologists, at different times, more than 6 specific names of this fish were identified, but only two of them are recognized: Herichthys cyanoguttatus and Herichthys carpintis.

Popular video with diamond chicola




A selection of beautiful photos with diamond chiclamoma




Cychlasmas

The genus called Tsikhlasoma today has about 95 species. However, most of them relate to this species only conditionally. Cychlasmas are quite popular among aquarists.

Black-striped Cichlid

Black-striped Cichlid

So, one of the most famous species is the black-striped tsikhlazoma. This species has a long elongated body, flattened laterally. The head of the individual is large enough, the eyes are round. The anal and dorsal fins of the black-striped tsikhlazomy extended along the entire body. The male is distinguished by a pointed shape of the fins. This type of fish tsikhlazomy got its name, thanks to the original color. So, on a gray (with some blue) body there are about nine bands of black color. Black spots are found on the fish on the gill covers and lateral fins. The body length of the fish reaches ten centimeters.

When spawning begins, the black stripes of the male fade. The female, on the contrary, acquires a very bright and saturated color. Spawning time can be determined by other signs. For example, a few days before this event, the male has a small seed line that has an acute form, and the female has a large ovipositor.

Diamond cichlase

Diamond cichlase

The diamond tsikhlazoma is one of the largest representatives of the family. In length, it can reach 40 centimeters in natural conditions, and in an aquarium - 15. This species has an elongated and slightly flattened shape of the body. The color of this species is quite interesting. On the body of an individual there are areas from olive to dark brown. The whole body of the fish is covered with light blue, sometimes green specks. These spots dotted even fins.

Cychlasmas should be kept in large aquariums. These individuals get along well with other types of fish. However, you need to know that the males of the diamond tsikhlasoma in adulthood in the same aquarium can not be kept, as they begin to conflict.

Diamond tsikhlazomy eats large species of food, as well as fry, small fish, snails. We can not allow the fish overeat. Therefore, it is necessary to feed them often and in small portions.

Cychlase Meek

Cychlase Meek

In an aquarium, Tsikhlazoma Meeka reaches a length of 15 cm. In this case, a fish that has reached 8 cm is considered mature.
Cychlazyme Meek has a silvery elongated body. On the fins of these fish there are brilliant points and stripes. At the same time, many individuals have bright and clearly visible black spots on their bodies. The male tsikhlazomy differs from the female form of fins. He has them pointed. The females also have a paler color.

The individuals of the Meeki cykhlasoma live in pairs. Allowed content in a different combination. For example, several females and one male will get along perfectly within the limits of one aquarium. However, such a flock should live in an aquarium, the volume of which exceeds 100 liters.

Cychlasma Meek is a type of fish that negatively refers to planting adults in an aquarium. Therefore, all members of the flock need to grow at the same time in the same aquarium.

Cychlasome Severum

Cychlasome Severum

Cichlisoma Severum is a large, highly mature cichlid. In Latin, the word "Severum" is translated as "discreet." This translation accurately describes the appearance of Severum Cyclose. This fish has a brown-gray body with an olive tinge. Cychlasoma Severum has a dorsal fin, which is painted in various shades of olive green. The upper part of the anal fin is colored red. If an individual lives in an aquarium, then the intensity of its color can be very different: from bright to very pale.

In order to form a high-quality pair of cyverdose Severum, it is advisable to immediately plant 5-6 fish at once into the aquarium. In this case, the Severum cichlasome pair will form on its own.

Tsikhlahoma Eliot

Cyclose eliot

The length of the Eliot cichlasoma can reach 15 cm. The body is slightly elongated, flattened from the sides. Eliot's Tsichlazoma may be contained with other types of fish. Couples among individuals usually form at a young age.

Eliot's tsykhlazom keeps in an aquarium in the lower and middle layers. Some fish can even dig the ground, as well as open the plants. Eliot's Tsikhlazoma eats live and vegetable food.

Aquarium fish tsikhlasoma is popular today, thanks to the diversity of species, and unpretentious content.

Fairy tale Eliot - the most beautiful of tsihlazom

Eliot's tsykhlazom (lat. Thorichthys ellioti) is perhaps one of the most beautiful fishes of the Cichlow family. Lives in freshwater waters of Central America. It can be found in the shallow waters of the Mexican rivers, where the flow is slow. Prefers shelters with dense thickets and a silt bottom covered with fallen dry leaves.

The nature of the fish is peaceful and unpretentious, live in packs. They are remembered for their interesting behavior and variegated color, which combines unusual contrasts. The adult eliot cichlasoma reaches a size of 12 cm in length, somewhat similar to the cichlazy meek, its closest relative. Due to its calm disposition and beautiful appearance, it quickly gained popularity among the owners of home aquariums.


Appearance

The echiots tsikhlazoma resembles a fairy tale creature rather than an inhabitant of muddy rivers. Her color is so unusual that the first time he saw her, your eyes will be permanently fixed on this creature. Body shape is rounded, slightly flattened on the sides, dorsal and anal fins are straight and pointed, pectoral fin is small and veiform. All fins are transparent with a light orange shade, with blue dots and stripes. At the top of the dorsal fin there is a red stripe. The eyes are steel, with black pupils.

Look at a couple of cycloses floating in an aquarium.

The body color of the "Eliot" is replete with several colors: the head and part of the back are greyish-scarlet, the gill covers and abdomen are scarlet with black and orange spots, and the tail is blue. Along the entire perimeter of the body are scattered bright blue shimmering inclusions. Males of cichlids are larger than females, during spawning period they become brighter, and their fins are several centimeters larger. The lifespan of fish in captivity is about ten years.

Conditions of detention

Tsihlasoma Eliot are peaceful and friendly inhabitants of the aquatic world, their maintenance and breeding is possible both for experienced breeders and beginner aquarists. In food unpretentious, carry different parameters of water. Of course, in order for the life of the fish to be calm and healthy, certain recommendations should be taken into account:


  1. Line the bottom of the tank soft and clean soil, preferably sand. Like meeka, Eliot's cyhlasmas love to wallow in the soil.
  2. They love to swim in the front of the aquarium and often show up, so for the decor of the container will be useful a little snags and plants. Dry, scalded oak and almond leaves are preferably put on the sand.
  3. Tsikhlasoma Eliot loves free swimming, is not afraid of neighbors. A lot of vegetation is optional, and if you plant greens, then only species with large and rigid leaves.
  4. Tsikhlazomy - voracious fish, eat up all the food that fell to the bottom of the aquarium, passing its remnants through the gills. Therefore, the sand should be soft and without unnecessary debris, be sure to clean, weekly bottom siphon is welcome.
  5. Full content is possible in pure water without impurities of nitrates and ammonia - like many tsikhlovye, they are sensitive to toxic substances, because of which they can get sick.
  6. Ideal parameters of the aquatic environment: an aquarium with a volume of at least 100 l3, with a weekly update of ¼ of the water; water temperature is 25-28 degrees, the acidity of water is 7.5-8.0 pH, hardness is from 8 to 25 dGH.
  7. The eliot cichlinoma is compatible with middle and peaceful cichlids: cichlasoma meeka, cichlasoma severum, cichlasoma nicaraguan, bluish-mottled akara. With large cichlids ready to enter into territorial conflicts, and small fish can hurt or eat.
  8. They become most aggressive during spawning, jealously protecting their possessions and fry, so if you want to see a peaceful nursery, let such fish live in a pair in a separate tank.
  9. Like meeka, the eliot is sensitive to bloodworms, which causes them to have gastrointestinal disorders. In the diet should be: tubemaker, gammarus, koretra, bloodworm, artemia and food of plant origin (zucchini, cucumbers, spirulina).

Look at the flock of Cichlase.

How to breed in an aquarium

Eliot's tsykhlazomy choose a pair of their own. Buying two adults at once, there is no guarantee that the breeding will be successful. It is better to buy 8-10 fry at once, which will get to know each other well, and having reached a length of 6 cm, they will find a partner for life.

The adult couple chooses a clean stone in the aquarium in the aquarium, the female lays her eggs on it, later the male fertilizes the eggs. About 100-500 larvae will hatch, which in the first days of life will feed on the contents of the yolk sac.


In a few days the fry will swim, which will be guarded by both parents. The first food for babies is ground flakes and nautilles of artemia. Usually, the male and female take care of the offspring until they reach a size of 1-2 cm, then adults and children can be placed in separate nurseries. If other fish live in the aquarium, then no matter how good it is, aggression from the cichlid will manifest immediately.

It is simple to look after the tsikhlazoy of the eliot, these cute creatures do not give their host troubles and will stand out against the background of the aquarium with their bright colors with blue glitter.

Tsikhlazoma Salvini: content, description, video review


Cichlasoma salvini Tsikhlazoma Salvini

Water parameters for content: 22-28 ° C, dH 4-25 °, pH 6.9-8.5.

Homeland - the eastern part of Central America.

Salvini's cychlasmic body is dark green or yellow-brown. From the snout through the eye down to the dark spot in the upper part of the base of the caudal fin there is a unsharply limited band that arcs around the dark spot located in the middle of the body. Dorsal fin green-blue with red border, elongated end of clay-yellow color. Caudal fin and anal fin are clay-yellow at the base, red outside.

The male is painted more intense, the fins are elongated stronger. The female has a mid-dorsal fin and a lower part of a gill cover with a black spot. "

The length of the male is up to 16 cm, the females are up to 13 cm.

Fish are relatively peaceful, but during spawning and caring for offspring become aggressive. Dig the ground only in shady, closed places on top. Shy, hiding under snags, buildings made of stones. Aquarium for a pair of at least 250 liters.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses. Article "How and how much to feed aquarium fish" talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing - feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company "Tetra" - the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the "gastronomic arsenal" of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company - here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state - this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

Video of Tsikhlazoom Salvini

How to care for salvini and sex differences of this type of cychlosis

Salvini Cichlasma (scientific names: Cichlasoma salvini, Cichlasoma tenue, Heros salvini, Heros triagramma) is a beautiful fish of the Cichlow family, native to freshwater bodies of Central America (Southern Mexico, Guatemala and Belize). Other names: tricolor cichlid, yellow-bellied cichlid. In nature, it reaches a size of 22 cm, in captivity - 15-16 cm. Contents are possible in a home aquarium with a capacity of 100 liters or more. Life expectancy is 13 years.

Origin

Tsikhlazoma salvini - these are territorial fish, which may show aggression towards neighbors, violating their personal space. Content with small peace-loving fish is unacceptable - they will not be physically hurt, but will be cornered and scared.

Yellow-bellied cichlid looks beautiful in any freshwater aquarium. It first appeared in American aquariums in 1912, and was later brought to Germany by aquarists who visited Mexico. The species was described in 1862 by Albert Günther. The name "Salvini" is derived from the name of the researcher O. Salvini.


Salvini Tsikhlazoma lives in the basin of rivers and lagoons of the Atlantic Ocean. She swims around the perimeter of the reservoir, going into the jungle and rainforests. Loves shady terrain that provides protection and peace. Such conditions preserve the color of the body.

Description, conditions of detention

Salvini Tsikhlazoma loves to hide among aquatic vegetation and snags to protect themselves from excessive attention and attack of large fish, although external aggression is hardly possible in conditions of bondage.

The body of the fish is oval-shaped, the muzzle is pointed. Sexual dimorphism is pronounced. Both males and females are very bright, colorful, but the colors of the females are much richer. The female has bright red spots in the back and abdomen. In the male, the belly is not distinguished by such a mark, it is barely noticeable. All salvini are colored bright yellow. On the body of the male are blue spots that are located on the back on the sides, on the head there are blue veins. A blue spot can be seen on the dorsal fin of the female. The male has a black dot on the anal fin. Therefore, to determine the sex of cichlids is very simple.

Look at the male and female salvini.

Tsikhlazoma salvini sometimes shows aggression to his mind. When buying a pair of fish, make sure they grow up together. There were cases when the "strangers" launched into the aquarium suffered an unpleasant fate - they began to get nervous and fight. Successful settlement in the aquarium is possible only if they have grown together since the beginning of puberty.

It is possible to curb the aggression of the yellow-bellied cichlid with the help of a big fish, with which it will be afraid. Perhaps it will be a cichlid of another kind. Despite the bright and expressive color, this shy creature that hides even during feeding.

Keeping the fish does not require a very large reservoir. The size of sexually mature salvini is 15–16 cm (male), and 14 cm (female). Adult individuals can be placed in a 200-liter aquarium for two fish. Water should be alkaline, with a pH of 7.5-8.0, hardness of 8-15o. Permissible water temperature - 24-29 degrees Celsius. Tsikhlazoma Salvini loves to hide in snags, large grottoes and caves. Unlike other cichlids, it does not move the scenery and gravel (soil) of the aquarium, does not pull the plants from the bottom.

For a salvini tsikhlazoma aquarium, hard-leaved plants with a dense root system. These can be vallisneria, elodea, cryptocoryne, peristristum. The lighting should not be bright, it is better to illuminate the reservoir with fluorescent lamps with a power of 0.4 W per 1 liter. Aeration and filtration are required, fish require large amounts of dissolved oxygen.

The yellow-bellied cichlid is compatible with other tsikhlovykh Central and South America of similar sizes. Also compatible with catfish Pimelodus Pictus and Plecostomus.

Feeding

Omnivorous fish - well eats flakes or granules for cichlids, which are sold in pet stores. The diet can be supplemented with various foods, such as worms, brine shrimp, fresh green vegetables (zucchini, cucumbers, spinach, lettuce). For her delicacy: shrimp, live fish, tubule, frozen plankton, bloodworm. But you can not keep the fish in the tank with a small live fish that fits in her mouth, otherwise she will be taken for food and eaten.

Look at a couple of cichlids with fry.

Breeding

Salvini cichlids spawn well, form strong pairs for life. They become sexually mature when they reach a length of 12-15 cm. Often they dig holes in gravel to cover their offspring.

They can spawn while in the general aquarium, but during this period they are shy, make claims to other fish, if they exist, which is why they may not leave the shelter for a long time. To avoid the tragic consequences, it is better to keep the cichlids separate from everyone. The fact is that the loss of at least one fry for them is the cause of family scandals. The volume of the individual spawning - 100 liters. The tank should be with shelters at the bottom and a spawning stone.


Stimulation for spawning is the replacement of half of the water for 1 week, and the gradual increase in water temperature by 2-4 ° C.The female lays from 500 eggs on a flat rock. They will ripen for three days, fry will swim on day 5. Starter feed for them - nauplii Artemia, chopped tubemaker. The spawning temperature is allowed not lower than 26 degrees, the fry will die in cool water. Parents take care of the offspring, but if they start arguing, they are better left to separate from each other.

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