Which aquarium to choose


Which aquarium is better to choose and buy


Indescribably pleased with the fact that you decided to get an aquarium. This is the right choice! An aquarium at home or in the office is not only a design subject. Aquarium and aquarium world is a hobby, passion, relaxation, positive mood, new knowledge and a new world.

What can I say !!! Aquarium is cool!

But here, when there was a desire to purchase an aquarium,

there is another question


In this article I will not read you notations, as some do - they say, read the books first, study the essence of the issue, and then make a decision on which aquarium to choose.

Here, I will try to concisely give advice on choosing an aquarium, posting photos of aquariums, tell which aquariums are in general, well, ask people in the comments to tell what their aquarium is.

Recalling the purchase of my first aquarium, I want to say that I did not think at all, which aquarium should I choose. I just "broke the piggy bank and bought some money for it, I bought it." And enough for a panoramic aquarium firm TM "Nature", a volume of 35 liters and with a glass lid, without lighting.

What I mean is that the choice of an aquarium often comes down not to what is better, but to the question of individual capabilities. Therefore, in the first place, you need to decide on a budget, and it must be borne in mind that with the purchase of an aquarium alone, the spending will not end. Initially, at least to the aquarium will need to buy: a filter and aeration, thermostat, soil, and of most fish. Also it would not be bad to buy immediately: decor, plants (live or artificial), aquarium equipment (a net, siphon, glass cleaning magnets, etc.), after all, it would not be very bad to buy drugs to stabilize the aquarium water and biosystem settings, but they are also not cheap.

The second thing you need to take into account is the place where the aquarium will stand! Much depends on the location of the aquarium: its volume, shape, purpose, and other strokes. For example, if you decide to put an aquarium in a corner of a room, then in my opinion it is better to buy a corner aquarium (with three sides). Such an aquarium will fit well into the interior, will not take up much space, moreover it will give a good panoramic view of the aquarium.

Well, perhaps the third very important point that needs to be taken into account when choosing the best aquarium is the need to think in advance: what and who will be in the aquarium. This is due to the fact that the maintenance conditions of the aquarium inhabitants are different. For example, some fish need a large volume aquarium, others need a small volume, but preferably a long one, some need an aquarium cover, others do not, and so on.


Analyzing the statistics on the Internet, as well as from personal experience, we can recommend one of the most popular aquariums:

Volume: 200 to 250 liters.

The form: Rectangular, panorama or convex front glass. TM "NATURE".

Aquarium price: depends on the configuration, without a cap and tube - $ 90-100. C from 200 $.

Who is in the aquarium: the volume of such an aquarium allows you to have virtually any fish, except for particularly large ones.

Other useful information: The parameters of such an aquarium meet the needs of many people, and the price pleases. For example, a similar aquarium company "Aquael" with a lid, but without a stand is worth - $ 340, as they say, feel the difference.

Of course, if funds allow, then you certainly need to take "Aquael", they are much better than Kharkov "Nature". But, I want to note that I have one of the TM "Nature" aquariums already 10 years old and only pleases, there is no global difference between Aquael, except prestige))).

What else should be considered when choosing the best aquarium.

- All aquarists, in one voice, I recommend initially to take a large-volume aquarium (from 100 liters). It is right, because such an aquarium is easier to care for, it is easier and faster to adjust the biobalance, adaptation and living aquarium inhabitants is better. In general, there is less trouble!

However, do not think that small aquariums are worse, no! Just such aquariums need a little more attention. And taking into account the fact that many people do not allow living space to take "oceanariums," there is a reason to start with a small aquarium. In addition, in a small aquarium, you can “practice” and see if you are interested in aquariums in principle or not, “get a hand”, and therefore decide whether to take a large aquarium or not.

- On sale there are aquariums of the round form, various volume. As a rule, Goldfish are planted in such aquariums. So, I hasten to warn you and say that such aquariums are not very convenient to maintain, moreover, their image is distorted by a spherical shape, and the fish in such aquariums are bad. Often, having suffered from such an aquarium, people make a decorative pot of flowers out of it. At this aquarium ends and begins floristry :).

- On sale you can also find high, but not wide aquariums, made as aquarium paintings. Such aquariums are relatively inexpensive, but they are not the best for the title of the best. Firstly, because they are hard to care for, and secondly, aquarium fish will be bad in them, because for them the main length and width of the aquarium, and not height. Height also plays a role, but in combination with length and width.

- The most common form of aquarium is a rectangular, but you can also recommend a panoramic aquarium or aquarium with a convex front glass. Panoramic aquarium consists of 6 faces (walls) - which gives more viewing angles. A tank with a convex front wall gives volume and looks more interesting than an aquarium with straight glass.

- When buying an aquarium, pay attention to its cover. Covers can be plastic, wooden or glass. The main question is the lighting installed in the cover, which, as a rule, is usually not enough for aquarium plants. If your aquarium will have a lot of aquarium plants, the issue of lighting is best resolved immediately. Pay attention to the fluorescent lamps on them: the number, power and characteristics.

The lack of lighting can be solved in two ways: self-adding lighting (add. Lamp or diode tape) or the initial purchase of a glass cover, and to it the "right amount" of lighting.

- When buying an aquarium, you should pay attention and carefully check it for the presence of chips and microcracks. Consider that even the smallest crack under the pressure of water will sooner or later turn into a huge hole. This rule should be especially followed if the aquarium is purchased through an online store. Movers do not really stand on ceremony with the goods delivered. Carefully check everything when delivering the aquarium to your home.

Talk about choosing the best aquarium can be a lot, but as they say it is better to see once than to hear once. Therefore, we proceed below to a visual study of the issue.

Forms of aquariums

a photo

Corner Aquarium Panoramic Corner

Rectangular With convex glass

Panoramic Octahedron
more forms

Now let's visualize

most popular forms of aquariums







Types of aquariums by purpose

All aquariums can be divided according to their purpose. I think this information will be useful for you: it will help to determine the aquarium terminology, and also help you choose the best aquarium based on your needs.

General aquarium - it is intended for keeping fish of various types. As a rule, in such an aquarium fish are selected according to the principle of compatibility. Most aquariums are just common aquariums.

Species Aquarium - an aquarium in which fish of only one species are contained. A characteristic example is an aquarium with discus. DISCUSSIONS They are called kings of the aquarium and as a rule they are kept separately because they are expensive, large and fastidious to the conditions of detention.

Photos of species aquarium with scalars

Spawning aquarium - it is intended for cultivation of fishes, spawning, incubation of caviar and cultivation of fry. As a rule, such aquariums do not have a large volume and in such aquariums they create special conditions (temperature, lighting) and certain water parameters (dH, pH), which contribute to the spawning of certain fish. Spawning aquarium can also be divided into incubator - it is intended for cultivation of caviar, fish larvae, nursery aquarium - it is intended for cultivation of the grown up juvenile fry.

In terms of shape and function, a spawning aquarium is no different from other aquariums, it is needed exclusively as a separate body of water.

Thus, if you want to breed fish, in addition to the general or specific aquarium, you must also buy a spawning.

Quarantine aquarium or medical - as well as spawning is a separate reservoir, but intended to check the newly purchased fish and treat sick fish.

In such an aquarium, a quarantine for new fish is arranged in order not to infect the common main aquarium. The need for quarantine is due to the fact that even if you bought a seemingly healthy fish, signs of illness may appear in a week. During this period, the fish in the quarantine of the aquarium are checked "for lice", and, moreover, adaptation measures are taken - they gradually add water from the main aquarium to the quarantine. Adaptation is needed because Some fish do not tolerate abrupt changes in the parameters of the aquarium water, from which die a week later.

Quarantine aquarium is especially needed if you purchase fish in the Bird market, as a rule, in such markets there are many contagious and sick fish. In pet stores, this risk is less, but still it is.

In addition, quarantine aquarium can be used as an aquarium for the treatment of diseased fish. The treatment can be carried out in the general aquarium, but firstly, you will unnecessarily poison the healthy - non-diseased fish with chemistry, secondly, aquarium plants may react badly to chemistry and medications, and in general the biobalance and microflora of aquarium water will be disturbed, besides remain the risk of indiscriminate disease of all fish.

Therefore, it is always recommended to remove the diseased fish in a quarantine tank and conduct individual treatment there until full recovery.

Aquariums can also be divided into:

Biotope - in it imitate separately taken underwater landscape (lake, stream).

Biotope Aquarium Photos

Dutch - Aquarium designed for aquarium plants, it is also called "herbalist".

Photos of the Dutch aquarium

Geographical - in such an aquarium contain fish from one region.

Freshwater, saltwater, marine aquarium - Most aquariums are freshwater bodies of water, but there are aquariums that contain saline or marine fish.

Photos of marine aquarium

For general development, it can also be said that the structure can be divided into: frame, frameless, asbestos cement, Plexiglas.

And of course, there is still
shrimps, aquariums for turtles, newts, frogs and others.

I recommend also to get acquainted with the following articles:

Aquarium for beginners
Aquarium decoration



In this article you will learn the order and the main nuances of installing an aquarium. This is a step by step instruction!

All about Purchasing Transplant Fish Shipping!

An article about the rules of choice, transportation and proper transfer of fish. It will help you to do everything right when buying the first fish.


Here highlights the main points related to the acquisition of an aquarium for children. The article describes the pros and cons of an aquarium designed for a child.


The basic article about aquarium fish, it lists the types of aquarium fish (with photos), tells how to care, what to feed, what they get sick, etc.

How many fish can aquarium 100 liters.

Here you will learn how many fish you can plant - keep in an aquarium. At the bottom of the article are links to aquariums of all volumes from 10 to 150 liters.

How much are the fish or the price of aquarium fish!

The pricing policy for aquarium fish is covered.


Good article. It will help you to decide on the choice and design of the aquarium bottom.

Aquarium from a can, keeping aquarium fish in a can.

Covered the question of the budget version of the content of fish.

AQUARIUM FAILURES: Do we really need these fish?

Article warning, it highlights the disadvantages of the aquarium case.

Additional articles:

WHAT IS NECESSARY TO THE AQUARIUM: what to consider when choosing an aquarium and which fish to buy?

I WANT TO GO TO FISH: how to equip the first beautiful aquarium.

FIRST AQUARIUM DAYS: Start the creation of the aquarium world of fish!

Video that will help determine the choice of the best aquarium

Category: Aquarium Articles / EQUIPMENT AND FACILITY AQUARIUM | Views: 28 009 | Date: 29-08-2013, 15:02 | Comments (3) We also recommend reading:
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Aquaria for beginners: important tips

A beautiful aquarium in the house brings joy to our lives during the contemplation of fish and perfectly affects the psychological component. Each novice aquarist unwittingly wonders where to start, to get everything right for the aquarium, run it right the first time and prevent the fish from dying.

Choosing a home aquarium

Before acquiring a tank for fish, it is necessary to carefully consider its design and shape so that it fits into the interior of the room as naturally as possible, does not interfere with its basic purpose and is located in a place convenient for viewing.

By design, aquariums are on a stand, on legs, suspended, angled, frame and frameless. In form, they are represented by more than a wide choice, the main of which are:

  • spherical (round);
  • cubic (square);
  • parallelepipedal (rectangular);
  • parallelepipedal with convex viewing glass (panoramic);
  • prismoidal (with a regular polygon of the bottom, as a rule, high, for a floor installation);
  • pyromidoidal (triangular, for closed-type aquariums).

The main parameters for choosing a tank for keeping fish in a novice aquarist are the following factors:

  • correct installation, which should allow various manipulations during operation (removal or installation of the cover and backlight, feeding fish, planting plants, cleaning the filter, bottom siphon, etc.);
  • the exclusion of direct sunlight on its surface;
  • the number and size of the aquarium population (the required volume of the aquarium depends on this. If there is no certainty for specific fish, then take at least 1 liter of water per 1 cm of adult fish, i.e. if you want to contain 10 fish 8 cm long, you need an aquarium more than 80 liters, it will avoid overcrowding and allow it to develop well and feel comfortable for its inhabitants).

Aquarium accessories

Together with the aquarium offer covers with integrated lighting and cabinets for them. If there is no specific place to install the aquarium, then you can use this offer. A lid for a backlit aquarium will prevent many species of fish from jumping out, reduce evaporation of water into the atmosphere of the room, and also provide artificial lighting for the plant and allow you to control the length of the day in a pond. The cabinet is suitable for storing all sorts of accessories (a net, tubes, suckers, feeders, literature, etc.), feed and other things related to the aquarium.

Aquarium equipment

There is a standard set of equipment for aquariums:

  • Illumination (the choice of lamp power and the duration of illumination during the day depends on the inhabitants and plants);
  • water heater (it is better to choose with automatic temperature control);
  • Aerator and water filter can be both combined and separate (power depends on the volume of the aquarium).

The selection of soil and scenery depends on the inhabitants, but small fractional rounded gravel without sharp edges is considered universal. The thickness of the soil at the bottom should be from 5 to 7 cm, this will allow plants to root well and grow. You can use locks, sunken ships, etc. to decorate and create a unique interior.

The choice of inhabitants and vegetation

Practically all viviparous fishes are suitable for beginner aquarists: mollies, swordtails, petilles and gupias. They are beautiful, elegant, not difficult to maintain and hardy. The content and reproduction of these species will allow you to learn the basics of aquarism while investing minimal financial and time costs.

You can run a few small catfish to the viviparous fish. They differ in coloring, body shape and behavior. Somiki will add refinement to the aquarium and will eat the remnants of food and clean the plants. Antsitrus catfish suckers are perfect.

From low-priced low-priced plants, you can use elodea, valisneria, cryptocarin, and from superficial plants, ichie or duckweed.You can also add lumps of moss to a kladofor or javanese moss.

Running aquarium

Before releasing beautiful fish in the aquarium, it takes about two weeks. One day can be done:

  • laying soil, planting plants, installation of lighting decorations, heating, filter aerator;
  • filling the aquarium with tap water;
  • turning on the heater and filter aerator.

After that, you need to wait a week for chlorine to evaporate from the water during this time. It is allowed to add various normalizers to the water, which improve the water parameters. Before using them, you should consult with competent aquarists or sellers who know the parameters of tap water in your area.

After a week, you can run the first, most enduring inhabitants - snails ampoules, tritons, frogs or shrimp. Often the first are ampulyarii. They have a positive effect on the formation of an ecosystem in an aquarium. Water in a room pond is gaining stability in the order of a month and may become cloudy. Over time, it will clear and be transparent. And only depending on the state of water and well-being of ampoules, after about a week you can run inexpensive fish. More information about the first launch of the aquarium can be found here.

From practical experience

There are some general tips on keeping and breeding fish, but it all depends on the specific inhabitants of your aquarium.

  1. It is better to buy a rectangular aquarium without panoramic glass, while its length should be greater than the height and width less than the height.
  2. The volume of the aquarium of about 100 liters will allow you to contain a closed ecosystem (the state of water in the temperature, chemical and biological ranges will be less subject to drastic changes, which will affect the health of the fish), and will also require lower maintenance costs.
  3. Maintaining a constant temperature will save the fish from many diseases.
  4. Overfeeding fish can not be, and better to feed once a day. Food should be varied - live, frozen, dry (if you feed constantly alive, the fish begin to get fat and it becomes difficult for them to multiply).
  5. Change the water in the aquarium weekly with the replacement of up to 30% of the total. Cleaning and siphon bottom in the first month after launch do not need. Depending on the number of fish, pollution of the bottom or chemical indicators of water, these activities should be carried out approximately once every two to four weeks.
  6. The water filter and aerator in the aquarium should work around the clock.
  7. Lighting needs to be controlled, otherwise excessive growth of algae or plants will begin. The duration of coverage per day is in the range from 8 to 12 hours.

How to choose an aquarium will tell experts of the program "Cheap and Angry" (Channel One):

How to choose an aquarium?

It seems that the aquarium does not need to choose, just enough to buy your favorite model. But professionals talk about a few mistakes that most often make when buying an aquarium.

How to choose an aquarium without errors?

Error 1. Wrong choice of aquarium for the intended purpose

Aquariums are divided into spawning, nursery, quarantine and decorative. Which aquarium to choose?

Small aquariums with low walls and a large bottom area are designed for breeding fish. This spawning aquariums. They create special conditions for breeding fish.

Spacious aquariums with low sides (up to 20 cm in height) are intended for rearing fry, and not for adult individuals. Such aquariums are called nursery.

Quarantine aquariums may vary in size, but their purpose - the isolation of sick fish.

The aquariums described above are mainly used by experienced aquarists and fish breeders; they are not used for home keeping of fish.

For breeding fish at home you should choose decorative aquariums. They can be frameless (that is one-piece, without joints and using a metal frame) and frame, of different size and shape. Frame aquariums are usually rectangular in shape, with a metal frame. Frameless aquariums are usually round.

Error 2. Choosing an unsuitable size aquarium

How to choose the volume of the aquarium? Small is an aquarium up to 25 liters, large - more than 100 liters.

In choosing an aquarium, you need to focus on the type of fish that you plan to settle there. Some fish prefer to live in the middle water layer, some prefer to be closer to the bottom or even bury themselves in the sand. Active fish, even small ones, should move a lot, so a large area is also important for them.

But for small fish a small aquarium can be a problem. The death of one fish in a large aquarium will not bring much harm to other inhabitants. In a small aquarium, the death of even one fish can significantly affect the well-being of other fish.

Another drawback of a small aquarium is that it needs to be cleaned more often, because the water in it is more quickly polluted by fish waste. In general, care for a small aquarium is much more difficult than for a large one.

Before you choose a large or small aquarium, also remember that in a large aquarium the difference in conditions, in the temperature of the water and its contamination is smoothed out, while you will have to regularly monitor the parameters of parameters in a small aquarium.

Conclusion: for active and large fish only a large aquarium is suitable. For a small number of fish, calm in nature and sedentary, you can choose a small aquarium.

Error 3. Improper aquarium shape

No wonder in the popular cartoon "Tom and Jerry" in the small round aquarium there lived only one small and very calm fish The only possible composition of a natural material in such an aquarium is a shelter for one single fish. The water in the round aquarium will need to be changed regularly, since the filter cannot be installed in it. Therefore, it is necessary to do without plants and soil.

The most important thing is that fish have a glazing eye in a round aquarium. Therefore, experts advise to put guppies in such an aquarium - they are quite calm. Tips to keep in a round aquarium goldfish are not very appropriate, since these fish are very active and love to play with stones, they will be a little space round.

Which soil for the aquarium is better to choose?


And let's discuss with you such an important question as the arrangement of the aquarium bottom.

Such a question arises only at the initial stage of arrangement of the aquarium world - with the purchase of an aquarium. In the future, this topic becomes irrelevant and falls. But, often, at the beginning of time, mistakes made at the very beginning make themselves felt, as a result of which everything has to be corrected.

The purpose of this article will be to draw the reader’s attention to the main accents and nuances of the selection, acquisition, preparation and placement of aquarium soil, as well as decorating the bottom of the underwater world.


Both the foundation for the house and the aquarium soil play a crucial role in the life of the aquarium!

Novice aquarists very often pay attention only to the decorative properties of the soil and miss its most important function. Aquarian soil is a unique biological filter, powerful and irreplaceable by nothing else.

The fact is that after the launch of the aquarium in the ground colonies of beneficial bacteria settle, which process the waste products (hereinafter - PJ) of aquatic organisms (aquatic organisms - marine and freshwater organisms constantly living in aquatic environments) into harmless substances. This process is also called the ammonia cycle - the cycle of transition of PJ into ammonia and then to its decomposition products - nitrites, nitrates.

In addition to biological filtration, the soil performs mechanical filtration. In addition, the soil is a substrate for rooting and feeding plants through the root system, the place of life of many microorganisms and some fish. The soil is even able to change the parameters of water in the right direction. That is why the choice of aquarium soil is of paramount importance! Quality, properly selected soil - is the key to a long and successful life of the aquarium!

Now imagine this situation. A novice, following stereotypes, takes a white, dyed, coarse-grained soil and puts it into the aquarium a couple of centimeters thick. Scatters seashells from above for beauty. What problems? Everyone has their own tastes and preferences. We do not in any way impose our position, but here are just some of the disadvantages of this situation:

1. Painted soil is not a porous material, that is, it has a minimum amount of usable area for colonization of beneficial bacteria. As a result, minimization of biological filtration in the soil and the accumulation of PJ in water.

2. The soil is laid in a thin layer, which also reduces its effectiveness.

3. Everyone knows that white color is very easily soiled. Over time, your ground will become light coffee, and if there is a surplus of algae in the aquarium, then green shades on the ground are not excluded. In addition, many drugs for the treatment of fish are synthetic dyes - methylene blue, malachite green. After applying them, the white primer is painted in the appropriate color. That is, the original aesthetic goal pursued by an aquarist is lost.

4. White colored primer is neutral in most cases, which is not the case for shells laid for beauty. They increase the hardness of the water, and this quality badly affects the life of aquarium plants and "soft-water" aquarium fish.

5. If the white soil is of natural origin, then, as a rule, it is rounded marble, and marble comes from limestone, which is perfectly soluble with organic acids, thereby increasing the rigidity of the aquarium water. Therefore, this soil can only be used for "hard water" fish.

So, from the above, a novice aquarist needs to draw the following conclusions:

- carefully, to the smallest detail, think about how you want to see your aquarium,

- to collect and analyze information on hydrobionts that you plan to inhabit,

- carefully consider the design.

And only after that, proceed to the selection and purchase of soil under the relevant requests. The benefit of the aquarium market now offers a wide range.

The key to a successful selection of aquarium soil and arrangement of the bottom of the aquarium is a clear view of the goals, objectives of the aquarium, as well as a common vision of the underwater kingdom.

In order to navigate, answer the following questions:

- Who will live in the aquarium, what fish, what crustaceans?

- Will there be live plants in your tank?

- What colors will your aquarium (lighting, background, general decor)?

- In the end, calculate the volume of aquarium soil needed for the whole of the bottom of the aquarium zastilaniya?

Answers to these questions will help you make the right choice.

Selection of ground flooring for aquarium fish

It should be understood that aquarium soil for fish and for living plants are two different things. But, since most of the aquariums are being set up specifically for fish, apart from the “Dutch aquarium”, we will start with them.

Choosing aquarium soil for fish, you must take into account their characteristics and habits. Here in this small article is a couple of examples of the relationship of Goldfish and Cichlids to aquarium soil. GROUND IN THE AQUARIUM: what kind of soil is better for an aquarium! In general, it can be said that small fish can be laid fine-grained soil, and large large or mixed. But there are exceptions !!! For example, the aforementioned goldfish, even in the period of "youth" - when they are small, they dig very much and dig at the bottom. And if they lay sand or small pebbles, the aquarium will always be muddy, not to mention the fact that fish will swallow such a soil, from which they can die. As an example, the importance of taking into account the characteristics of fish can also give an example of the characteristics of loach fish, for example, Acantoftalmus. These fish are the bottom inhabitants of the aquarium and love to dig into the ground. If you lay a coarse-grained soil in the aquarium, then the aquantophthalmos will be “hollowed about like a wall”. Of course, they will certainly not be killed, but they will not feel exactly comfortable, because you have deprived them of natural conditions and disturbed their lifestyle.

If you do not know the habits of the fish that you want to take - consult with the seller of the pet store beforehand, but rather read books or fish information on the Internet site.

The color scheme of the bottom for the fish.I think in this matter you decide. Analyzing data from the Internet, I would like to say that many recommend taking a dark ground, supposedly fish on it can be seen better. I do not know, did not check, I originally had a bed of dark blue soil. But it seems to me that the pink ground for pink fish is overkill. There must be a contrast.

The thickness of the layer of soil for fishdoes not play a special role.

Selection of bottom flooring - soil for aquarium plants As already mentioned, there is a significant difference between the soil for fish and the soil for aquarium plants. Aquarium plants use the bottom and bottom of the aquarium as a substrate for rooting and feeding. Thus, the soil for plants should perform not only decorative functions, but also the above.

As a general rule, the soil for aquarium plants should be fine-grained or medium-grained (up to 5 mm). In any case, in this matter you should start from the power of the root system of aquarium plants, which will be in your aquarium. An underdeveloped horse system requires fine-grained soil; for a strong root system, a medium or even coarse-grained fraction can be used.

The color scheme of soil for aquarium plants. It is said that for aquarium plants the ground should be dark, saying that the plants like warm ground, and the dark color of the bottom contributes to its warming. I do not know, I do not know, it seems to me that this factor is so insignificant that you should not pay attention to it. Moreover, the total heating of the aquarium for plants is enough.

The thickness of the aquarium soil for plants. It should be from 5 to 7 cm. More. Again, proceed from the size of the plant root system. The above bottom thickness is suitable for most aquarium plants.

One of the most important factors of soil for plants is its nutritional value. Most aquarium plants get nutrients from the ground. Therefore, it must be enriched by them. You can put peat, lumps of clay in the soil, as well as introduce special preparations that are sold in the pet store. You can read more about all this in this article. AQUARIUM PLANTS: let's talk about the benefits of plants for your aquarium! and Soil for aquarium plants!

Additional recommendations when choosing a soil

Choosing a primer in a pet store, pay attention to what it is made of. The best soil is a natural, natural soil, unpainted with nothing.

For example, this color primer is not very good.

Preparation of aquarium soil Before you fill the aquarium bottom with soil, you need to prepare it. If you use the soil collected "on the street" it must be washed and boiled, so that every infection does not get into the aquarium. The soil purchased at the pet store is also washed or doused with boiling water.

A big mistake for novice aquarists is to wash the aquarium soil with soap or domesticostos. This is not worth doing, as it is very difficult to wash the chemistry out of the soil, as much as redder, it will take a lot of time and effort.

After the procedures, the soil, without waiting until it dries, can be poured to the bottom of the aquarium.


As a rule, the soil in the aquarium is placed evenly. But you can distribute it so that it rises from the front wall of the aquarium to the back. This option of the bottom of the bogie will add volume and will look more impressive.

Many novice aquarists, sometimes spread out of the soil of different colors of the drawings at the bottom of the aquarium (tracks, sun and other compositions). Such drawings are not durable - the soil is gradually mixed and as a result there is nothing left of the "sun". There is nothing bad in this, of course. However, in the end, you can get a soil of a brownish color, which can spoil the overall appearance of the aquarium.

After the distribution of the soil, I install the decor, fill the aquarium, plant the plants and feed.

Other recommendations:

- If you decide not to buy the soil in the pet store, but to make it "do it yourself", you should consider that in such cases it is better to use gray sand or dark-colored gravel, which is taken from an environmentally friendly source (you should not take sand from the public beach) . Also for decorating the bottom, you can use volcanic gravel, crushed basalt. It is strictly forbidden to use river sand having a red or yellow color. This sand contains iron oxide, which is harmful to fish.

- As a general rule, it is undesirable to use soluble materials as soil, for example, limestone (hisses - increases water hardness).

- Its "silting" depends on the size of the soil grain.

- As a plant, a ground cover plant, you can use, for example, echinodorus tender, also known as rubra. The unpretentious plant, with which the beginner will cope.

- A full change of aquarium soil or washing is carried out about once every 5 years. Depends on the number of fish and plants.

- care for the aquarium bottom and the ground is in its periodic cleaning - siphon (siphons are sold in stores, you can do it yourself).Siphon is the simplest device (essentially a hose) in which a vacuum is created and due to which all the dirt from the bottom of the aquarium is sucked out along with the water. The frequency of cleaning depends on the degree of contamination of the aquarium bottom (all in different ways). The soil in the "freshly laid" aquarium can not be cleaned even for a year, and if there are aquarium plants, then in the ground, on the contrary, at first, they feed and feed fertilizers.

- Aquarium can be without soil. In this case, if you need plants they are planted in pots.

Summing up, we can say that the most correct, the best soil for the aquarium bottom will be the one that was cleverly chosen or made.
In the photo examples of the design of the aquarium bottom

Video on the design of the aquarium soil, examples of bottom design and cleaning the soil

Types of soil for aquariums

Soil for the aquarium - an indispensable foundation for aquascape and biological balance. It has not only a decorative function, but also provides the soil for plants, is a biological filter that can not be replaced with something else. In a newly launched tank, aquarium soil is a breeding ground for beneficial single-celled microorganisms. For this reason, the choice of soil for aquariums plays an important role for the harmonious functioning of all aquatic aquatic organisms.

How to choose and process the soil

The soil is improving the root system of plants, from it they absorb nutrients. In plants with a developed root system, there are large demands on the quality of the soil. Aquarium primers also support organic water characteristics, for example, aquarium soil with limestone affects the hardness indicators of the aquatic environment.

Various materials can be used as primers for aquariums. A significant role is played by which substrate is suitable for plants and fish. Decorative mounds and pumps are easily made from gravel. If you are seriously engaged in growing aquarium seedlings, first of all, you need to take care of the quality of the substrate. The size of the gravel particles should not exceed 5 mm. Do not sprinkle fine sand on the bottom of the tank, which quickly deteriorates. Make sure that the soil does not change the organic parameters of the water, it is natural, without dyes. If you need to increase the pH and hardness, lay on the bottom of the soil for aquarium with shell or marble chips.

Regardless of whether your soil is purchased or extracted from the natural environment, it must be processed. If you have purchased sand, it should be sifted through a sieve to remove small stones and other particles. Pebbles also had to be moved so that the entire substrate consisted of identical particles. If you buy quality soil, then the cleaning procedure is not necessary.

New soil should be washed under running water. It is poured into a large container, poured with water, stirred, then the water must be drained. It is necessary to rinse until the pollution is removed, it will take 10-15 minutes by the time. Apart from this method, you can put the primer in the oven for 10 minutes, and there it will heat up to the temperature that it will disinfect from parasites.

See tips on how to choose a primer for an aquarium.

What can be materials for soil

How to choose a material for the soil substrate? All materials of which the ground for the aquarium is made can be clean or with admixtures of additives. Peat can be added to the sand or gravel, which improves the nutritional properties of the soil. Peat perfectly holds elements such as anions and cations, pure gravel does not have this ability.

Sand and gravel as grounds for aquariums is a natural substrate that is also suitable for plants. The amount of fine gravel is from 2 to 5 mm, it has a low ability to retain nutrients. Good gravel secures the rhizomes of plants, put on peat. Fine sand does not contain nutrients, absorbs them poorly, breaks gas exchange. It is better to use sand with other substrates (cake, rakushnyak, clay). If a bottom filter is installed in the tank, fine sand will clog the equipment with dirt particles. It is better to use coarse river sand purchased from a reputable manufacturer. Do not choose sand saturated colors - yellow and red. This substrate contains a large amount of iron, which is harmful to fish.

Aquarium clay soil - clay contains inorganic components, such as iron silicates and iron oxides. Some types of clay may have other components - copper, manganese, zinc, aluminum. They are required for plants, but in high concentrations have toxic properties. A special property of clay is that it attracts positively charged ions of metals and salts. It also serves as an excellent fertilizer for vegetation.

Laterite is a tropical red earth consisting of iron dioxide. Laterite can be used as a bottom layer for soil. It has a good ability to absorb nutrients.

Garden soil as soil for aquariums - garden soil contains many impurities. There is no guarantee that the land will be clean. In the land of a large number of fertilizers, parasite cysts. It is saturated with nutrients, due to which the glass tank will quickly fill with algae. The land used for pot plants has a lot of organic matter and peat, it can be mixed with gravel and sand as an additive.

Peat - needed to soften the water. It consists of a mixture of organic minerals that are in a rotten state. Peat is added to aquariums, where plants and fish need humic acids. In small concentrations, boiled peat is practically harmless.

Artificial plastic granules - a new type of soil that can satisfy many aquarists. The granules are of different shades, but the rich color may be too contrasted against the background of the underwater aquascape. Remember that the substrate must be chosen closer to the natural color: gray, black, red-brown, white. Fish with bright body color will look great on this background.

See how to care for quartz sand in an aquarium.

How to lay the substrate at the bottom of the aquarium

Grounds for aquariums should be laid in three layers:

  1. The bottom of the aquarium is lined with laterite or clay mixed with gravel (the thickness of the lower layer is from 3 to 5 cm). You can add clay balls to the laterite, which will provide nourishment for new, non-adapted plants. Cables for heating the bottom should be laid in a glass tank so that the glass is not injured. Do not lay the heating cable in a shallow clay or sand substrate to prevent overheating.
  2. The middle layer should be slightly thinner - 3 centimeters, the substrate - sand or gravel, which can be mixed with a small amount of boiled peat. The thickness of the middle layer is recommended to put balls of clay.
  3. The surface of the ball is lined with fine gravel mixed with sand, which prevents water turbidity. On the top layer you can put decorative stones or corals, shells (if necessary). If there are pets in the aquarium digging the ground (catfish, cichlids, snails), then the top layer should be an order of magnitude thicker (5 cm), or the soil should be planted in pots along with broadleaf plants.

How to conduct siphon bottom

On the shelves of stores sold fixture - a hose with a cylinder and a funnel at the end. The diameter of the hose should not contain the fish themselves, only garbage should pass into it. The device has the name "siphon", you can wrap it with gauze so that living creatures do not fall into it. Siphon can remove food debris, waste products of pets, they can drain the soil and remove sludge. Properly selected siphon will only remove excess, without harm to vegetation.

Prepare a plastic bucket for excrement and uneaten food with old water. The difference between the siphon and the replacement of water is that the funnel should be lowered to the bottom of the aquarium almost every day, the ground itself due to its gravity does not fall into the hose, but it takes the dirt. Water should be changed less often - once in 7 days.

Soil for the aquarium should be chosen such that it meets several requirements. The first - supported the physico-chemical processes in the water, the second - benefited the fish and plants, did not emit toxic impurities. If you want to soften the water or increase its rigidity, choose the appropriate substrate. Hydrogen soil indicators should be acidic (7.0 pH), or pH neutral (5.5). The water gets tough when there are shells and corals in the bottom substrate. Sometimes it can adversely affect the health of some pets. Properly process, clean the soil substrate, then in your tank will create a permanent biological balance.

The best filter for aquarium: types of filtering, photo-video review

Good filter for the aquarium Which is better to choose?

As a rule, such a question arises from a conscious aquarist before purchasing and choosing a filtration system for your water body. Of course, it is possible to let everything take its course, as many do - go and buy a filter in the pet store, which is available and offered by the sellers. But, only then do not have to complain about the sellers and regret their wasted money. Sellers have such a job - to sell the product and it doesn’t matter your fate and the fate of your filter.

Glad you looked at this page! This means that you approach this issue correctly - first read, learn, and then make a decision. After all, this approach to the business level almost all the risks of acquiring a not-good aquarium filter.

In this article, we will not tell you in detail and boringly the details of the various aquarium water filtration processes, but try to focus on the quality characteristics of the filter and the nuances of its choice, to give advice. To the same readers who are looking for where to buy a good filter for an aquarium, at a reasonable price, we recommend you pay attention to the time-tested aquarium shop ReefTime.ruthere is just a huge selection of filters. From recommendations we suggest to pay attention to a line of filters from Hydordetails of which are written here!

So, before choosing a filter, you must understand, and which filter is good for your aquarium ?! For this you need to think about what fish, what plants will live in your pond, how many will be. If the aquarium is large, there will be a large number of large fish swimming in it, there will be a lot of plants, then the filter should cope with this and most effectively remove all "sewage" from the aquarium water. But, if it is a small aquarium, and you are not going to breed “sharks” in it, then I personally do not see the point of taking a powerful filter filter, you can get by with a “standard” filter and thus save a considerable amount of money.

I think everything is clear here, so let's move on to the next question.

Before buying an aquarium filter, you need to find out what filtering mechanism is used in it.






Let's briefly review the principles of each filter with a specific type of water filtration.

Mechanical filters and aquarium filtration

- These are the simplest and at the same time effective filters for an aquarium. Some "old fashioned" call them "glasses." The essence of their work is very simple - the filter has a pump (motor) and an absorbent sponge. The pump pumps the aquarium water, which passes through the sponge, is cleaned. Such filtration effectively copes with the removal of large contaminants: food residues, fish excreta, residues of dead organisms, etc.

If you have a small aquarium and not very large fish swim in it, such a mechanical filter will be quite enough.

Chemical Filters and Aquarium Filtration

- These are filters that provide filtering through various absorbents. The most common absorbent is aquarium coal. Also in the aquarium used and other absorbents - ion exchange resins, for example, zeolite. Filters that provide for the possibility of such filtering are more practical than mechanical ones. Since the pores of absorbent materials are able to absorb smaller particles of pollution of aquarium water, and ion exchange resins can effectively fight even the most harmful poisons - ammonia, nitrite and nitrate, which are formed and gradually accumulate in the aquarium.

Biofilters filters and aquarium biological filtration

- Perhaps this is the most valuable filtering for the aquarium. Its essence lies in the presence of a special compartment in the filter for breeding a colony of "beneficial" bacteria, which multiply on a special substrate, for example, ceramics. These bacteria are important and very useful hydrobionts of any aquarium. They are involved in the denitrification process, to put it simply - they feed and decompose ammonia, nitrites and nitrates to a gaseous state. And, as many people know, NO2NO3 are the worst enemies of the aquarium inhabitants, in most cases they are the root cause of the fish disease.

Combined filters and aquarium filtration

- These are filters that combine the possibility of using various types of filtration of aquarium water. Some filters have all three of the above filtering types. But it is worth noting that even the simplest mechanical filter can be used as a combined one. That is, use in it and absorbent sponge, and for example aquarium coal.

photo mechanical aquarium filter

left and right

photo biofilter aquarium combined

So let's summarize the above. If you have a small pond and not very big fish, then your choice is a mechanical filter. Such filters are not expensive, easy to operate and clean. But, if you have a large aquarium, large fish or just a lot of them, then our recommendation for you is to choose a combined filter with the presence of biofiltration. Such a filter is more expensive, more difficult to clean, but it will serve you well.

For those who still want to do mathematics or want to make an aquarium filter on their own, here is the formula for calculating the power of the aquarium filter

Buying a good aquarium filter, you should also pay attention to its technical characteristics. In a word on power. The power of the filter is determined by its ability to pass a certain amount of water for a certain period of time. Usually 300l./hour is written on the filter pack, 1000l./hour - pay attention to this.

If you do not want to bother with the calculation of the required filter bandwidth, then you can simply look at the recommended aquarium volumes for this filter, which are written by the manufacturers on the packaging, for example, "designed for a volume of 150l.". However, this figure is not always true.

Therefore, we advise you to take the filter with the mark "recommended volume" much higher.

A rather important technical characteristic of the filter is its "noise". Good aquarium filters are noisy, but quiet. Agree, I would not like to hear the roar of the engine from the aquarium at night, as if "a flock of night bikers travels around your bed." If possible, do not take Chinese aquarium filters or filters of unclear brands. Trademarks that have proven themselves in the market, try to make their products high-quality and silent, but such filters are much more expensive than Chinese. It is very difficult to recommend you a particular firm - there are many of them, and they are not always “branded”. But, based on my own experience, I dare to draw your attention to the TM "AquaEL" - a combination of price and quality.

There is still a small aspect of the technical part of the aquarium filter - this is its assembly and disassembly and accessories. Some filters, even mechanical ones, are equipped with two containers, some with one, some are equipped with additional nozzles for aeration and other gadgets, others are not. Some are easy to disassemble and clean, others are difficult. Therefore, choosing the best aquarium filter in the store, at least turn it in your hands, look at the accessories, think about whether you need them or not.

Now let's consider the issue of choosing an aquarium filter based on its location.





Internal aquarium filters

- fasten and work inside the aquarium. They can be of all types of filtration, that is, mechanical, chemical, biological and combined.

Perhaps these are the most popular and best-selling filters. Their price is much cheaper than external filters, easy to operate and clean. As a drawback, some aquarists point out that they occupy space in the aquarium - thereby eating up precious volumes. However, this is a controversial point, because the filter does not occupy 1/3 of the aquarium. Well, yes, it takes 2-3 liters of volume, hanging quietly in the corner. It seems to me that this is not a very significant drawback, especially for medium and large aquariums.

External aquarium filters

- these are filters that are located and installed outside the aquarium, only the tubes are lowered into the aquarium. It is difficult to give a positive or negative assessment of such a filter - someone is happy with it, some is not. Therefore, I will simply list the advantages and disadvantages:


- a large amount of filter materials, thereby achieving maximum water purification;

- combined filtration with purity levels;


- high price;

- This is a huge "bucket" near the aquarium;

- there is always the likelihood of a flood (as a rule, when improperly assembled);

Mounted aquarium filters

- This is a compromise between the internal and external filter. The hybrid of both is "hanging from the outside, but working inside." These filters are not so popular among aquarists, because they work according to the principle “not yours is not yours,” perhaps its only distinguishing advantage is compactness and space preservation both in and under the aquarium.

So, summing up the above, we can recommend internal filters for small, medium and not very large aquariums (up to 200 liters). For large aquariums, external aquarium filters will be good. Of course, this statement is relative, because no one has yet canceled individual aspects and wishes.

Concluding this article, I would like to note that there are other methods, mechanisms for filtering aquarium water, such as the bottom filter or "false". Such methods are less popular and have a number of advantages and disadvantages. In the future, if necessary, you can make them yourself.

I want to believe that this article has helped you determine the choice of the best aquarium filter. But, remember that no even the coolest filter will not replace the banal weekly replacement of aquarium water.


Which aquarium to choose. Types and design of aquariums