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The most unpretentious and small aquarium fish with photos


The most unpretentious aquarium fish, the smallest aquarium fish. TOP 10 DIFFICULT FISHERS Keeping fish is not as difficult as it sounds. However, aquarium fish, like any living creature, require care and time, which many people, by virtue of employment, simply do not have !!! This topic is left based on the following requirements for aquarium fish: unpretentious fish, small fish, easy-to-keep fish, the most enduring aquarium fish, tenacious fish, easy-working fish. 1 place Guppy

I think many aquarium fish experts will agree that the first place is given to guppes.

Everyone probably knows these fish ... even those who have never seen aquariums. We can say that these fish are the fish of all children of the former USSR (they were in all Soviet aquariums))). The fish is very beautiful and unpretentious. The tail fin is her beauty. The simplicity of the fish is that it can withstand "harsh conditions of detention." I happened to see an aquarium with guppies. without aeration, without filtering, without plants, without proper feeding etc. - horror, terrible dream aquarist. Nevertheless, guppies managed not only to survive in such an aquarium, but even tried to multiply. So you shouldn't mock the fish !!! But their endurance and vitality sometimes affects.

GUPPI - THIS IS A SYMBIOSIS: BEAUTY, INNONTAINTH AND EASY + SUPPLEMENTS REPLACE "AS A KROL" INDEPENDENTLY - YOU WILL ALWAYS UPDATE "AQUARIUM PAINTS" WILL READ ABOUT GUPS more details

2nd place Swordtails

A very famous fish, as a result of persistent selection, a large number of swordtails of various colors and shapes were bred. Males are distinguished from females by the presence of a "sword" on the lower edge of the caudal fin.

Swordtails are kept in flocks in a densely planted aquarium. The minimum size of the aquarium from 10 liters (but better is more). A good volume of aquarium for a small group of swordtails is 50 liters.

An interesting fact about these fish is that the female swordtail can “at some” moment become a male, i.e. change the floor. This is due to the struggle for the survival of the species.

HOW AND GUPPI ARE RECOMMENDED, ALL THOSE WHO DO NOT WANT TO DEAD WITH THE AQUARIUM.

You can read more about MUCHENORTSAKH here ...

3rd place Somiki corridors

It should begin with the fact that all aquarium catfish - a priori unpretentious. Moreover, they are "nurses of the aquarium world": they clean the soil and eat the remains of vital activity. The corridors are chosen from all catfish, since in addition to the gill, they have intestinal respirationi.e. if aeration stops, they will live for a long time.

The fish are very peaceful, calm. They slowly swim along the bottom in search of food. In the aquarium they are usually kept in flocks. Fish, do not pose any threat to other inhabitants of the aquarium.

You can read more about CORRIDORATUSES here ...

4th place Mollies

Molly, like guppies - viviparous fishes. Unpretentious and tolerant of poor conditions. Nevertheless, they are more capricious than the “troika winners”.

Fish suitable for beginners and young aquarists. The fishes most difficult to keep from all members of the family are demanding of conditions, they do not tolerate low temperatures, some like “salty” water, like bright light, etc.

You can read more about MOLLINESIA here ...

5th place Tetras - Harazinki

All tetras are small, brisk, not capricious fishes. However, they will not be able to survive in "Spartan conditions" as guppies. They need aeration and filtration. You can keep them in an aquarium by a group (from 5 individuals) with a volume of at least 35 liters of water.

You can read more about TETRAH here ...

6th place Ternetsii

Very famous little fish. Fish energetic, mobile. Fish get along well with other types of fish. Somehow my terntions even lived with small cichlids. Recommended aquarium with a volume of at least 30 liters of water, densely planted with plants. Aeration, filtration - yes!

You can read more about TERNIA here ...

7th place Danio (rerio, pink)

Starting from the 5th place TOP, all the fish require unpretentious attention. Tanks are different from them - briskness and speed of movement. They can coexist with many species of fish, even with fish of medium and increased aggression: scalar, goura and even with small cichlids.

Read more about DANIO here ...

8th place Torakatum

One of the famous large catfish of the aquarium world and excellent attendants of the aquarium. Peaceable and unpretentious to the content. They can be kept in a common aquarium with thickets of plants and a large number of shelters. Fish, do not pose any threat to other inhabitants of the aquarium. Compatible with all kinds of fish. The neighbors are not recommended only one hundred percent aggressors and predators.

You can read more about TORAKATUM here ...

9th place Gourami

Gourami - are medium sized fish. Entered in this TOP due to gill labyrinth - fish do not need aerationthey breathe atmospheric air. Really peaceful fish, but sometimes aggression. Some individuals taken separately are even very aggressive, as they say, as lucky.You can read more about GURAMI here ...

10 place Barbus

Barbusses are schooling, small fish that can stand up for themselves! If you decide to start barbs, I recommend to allocate for this a separate aquarium, "barbusyatnik." "Pirate" temper, the ability to stand up for themselves - deserve 10th place. You can read more about BARBUSH here ...

Of course, the above TOP is conditional - always remember the words

Antoine Marie Jean-Baptiste Roger de Saint-Exupery

"We are responsible for those who have tamed"

We also recommend you to look at the colorful brochure "Popular types of aquarium fish". This brochure contains all popular types of fish, with a description of their conditions of maintenance, compatibility, feeding + photos.

(to view or download, click on the image)

An interesting video about unpretentious and small aquarium fish

Additionally, we invite you to view a large photo collection of small and unpretentious aquarium fish

























































What kind of fish to settle 10 liter aquarium?

A small aquarium is a tank with parameters of 20x40 cm and less (a nano aquarium) in which small ornamental fish can be placed. The volume of such containers can be from 10 to 20 cubic liters, so they are suitable for the installation of decorations and equipment. In a small aquarium you need to put lighting, plant plants, decor, do not forget about the filter and compressor. That is, a small aquarium should not differ in functionality from a spacious one.


How to set the balance in the mini tank?

Care of a small aquarium, on the one hand, easy, and on the other, takes the hassle. Choose a mini tank rectangular, with straight and smooth walls. It is convenient to clean them with a scraper, to maintain. If the tank is round, then it will be inconvenient to reach its corners, it is difficult to wash. A 10-liter aquarium pollutes faster than a 50-100-liter aquarium. Water changes will have to be done more often, as well as comprehensive cleaning, which is not useful for the biobalance of the aquatic environment and the health of the fish.

The main disadvantage of mini tanks is a small amount of water. It does not fit a lot of fish. There you can settle 1-2 fish, and no more. In a large aquarium, water changes are not strongly felt, in a small one this is a great stress. Any changes in the biological balance: fish death, overfeeding, pollution immediately affect the aquatic environment. The only thing that can be done is to adjust the water parameters in time, feed the fish gently, clean the bottom.

See how the ground siphon in the nano aquarium.

To care for a small aquarium should be the same as for a large one. Once a week you need to change 10-15% of water, if necessary. So that the fish do not have stress, do not replace the water completely, try to add it in small portions. The ideal aquarium filter for such a tank is a pump with an internal sponge. The sponge cannot be washed out under running water, otherwise all beneficial bacteria participating in the nitrogen cycle will die.

If you choose the smallest reservoir, then it will be almost impossible to install plants and decorations. Some skillfully planted even in 3-liter jars of dwarf plants, but it is inconvenient to take care of them. In the 10 liter tank there is the possibility to hold a dwarf anubias, a dwarf arrowhead, an echinodorus "dwarf amazon", a dwarf cryptocoryne. Plants for a small aquarium are able to control the level of nitrite, nitrate and ammonia, create shelters for fish. Make sure that the aquarium was the ground. Choose a substrate treated, clean, without paint. Remember that using a regular scraper to clean aquariums of minimal size is very difficult from the layer of plaque.


Now about feeding. As you know, overfeeding harms not only the health of the fish, but also adversely affects the quality of water. All uneaten decays, turning into harmful impurities and bacteria. Decay products are deposited on the bottom and reservoir machines, disturbing the stability of the biological environment. Fish should be fed, hunger is also not an option. Once a week, arrange fasting days for fish. Add food to 4-6 grains, which pet is swallowed by force. What is not eaten, you need to remove the gauze net.

Let's for fish that live in a small 10-20-liter nursery as much feed as they eat in 2-6 minutes. Flakes, live food, sinking granules fit. They sink slowly and do not pollute the environment. If you live on bottom catfish, they will eat everything on their own. Fish can be fed to their usual high-grade food, without disturbing the diet. It is important to clean everything in time.

See how to make a small aquarium.

Which fish is suitable for settling in a mini aquarium?

What kind of fish can you keep in mini aquariums? In a small 10-20 liter tank you need to settle pets with miniature body size. Fish 2-6 centimeters in length will carry such a volume of water. But remember that even small fish want to swim in a spacious environment. They can not be kept in containers that will restrict movement. Territorial and aggressive fish cannot be accommodated in mini aquariums. Which do not need to settle in a 10-liter aquariums? These are swordtails, barbus averages, cichlids, gourami, danios. They have an active and energetic disposition, they need more space for shelter.


In the aquarium of 10-20 liters, you can settle small barbs, pseudomogil gertrudy, rice fish, cherry barbus, rasbor, erythrozone, neon, tetra Amanda. Also there you can keep such fish and shrimp: catfish ottsinklyus, corridor, shrimp amano, cherry shrimp, copper tetra. A representative of the genus Pecilia, viviparous fishes get along well in mini tanks.

You need to buy breeds of fish with a strong immunity, that is, not actually thoroughbred, but hybrids. If you do not have the opportunity to buy a spacious "house" for your small pet, you need to buy a small aquarium with a capacity of 10 liters. There are also often settled well-known Siamese cockerels. The cockerel can live alone, does not get along with relatives, this is after all a fighting fish.

See also: Small aquarium fish.

Miniature inhabitants of the aquarium

A large bright aquarium, in which the most amazing and unusual fish frolic - the dream of most aquarists. But, alas, not everyone manages to do this for various reasons, be it housing conditions, financial situation or lack of time. For those who are very sad for the water kingdom in their home, small aquarium fish in a small aquarium are ideal.

Pygmy Guppy

Features of small aquariums

What aquarium fits a small category? Of course, there are no specific figures or characteristics. The form can be any - rectangular, cubic or round, but the volume can be set from about 10 to 20 liters.

In general, small aquariums require less cost and effort. Naturally, even in a small apartment, a properly chosen aquarium will not take up much space and will not look like a bulky and ugly construction in the middle of the room. If you dream up a little, you can very organically fit a tiny container into the interior and make it, say, a part of your workplace. Contemplation of such a living corner calms, adjusts to a peaceful and calm mood.

But, on the other hand, even the smallest aquariums have a lot of difficulties in the care. Many people buy similar designs for children, believing that caring for them is not difficult. This erroneous stereotype leads to the imminent death of the aquarium. The fact is that the capacity of a small volume is just more susceptible to temperature changes and the threat of pollution. Any aquarist will confirm that creating a complete and sustainable biological system in a small capacity is more difficult. Even an experienced aquarist has a hard time doing this, not to mention newbies.

Planning a small aquarium, it is better to purchase all the equipment at once: lighting, filter, heating. Fish in a similar aquarium need to choose not just small, but also quite unpretentious, which can withstand noticeable fluctuations in the environment, possible at the very beginning of the content.

Green Mountains

Fish care

Although the majority of small fish are rather unpretentious, leaving for the first time of their life will be troublesome. At first, water will need to be replaced frequently in order to stabilize the number of bacteria. Standard water change should be done every 3-4 days, at the same time not less than a quarter of the volume should be updated.

Do not put such an aquarium near the window: the sun's rays will provoke the growth of algae.

A few words about the form. When it comes to a small aquarium, most aquarists clearly state: just not round! Curved walls in a small container strongly distort the image of the fish, and at the same time, a strong distortion of the external environment will also become a stress for the little fish. From a practical point of view, it will be very difficult to clean glasses of this shape.

Dwarf parsing

Choosing fish

There are a few simple rules for choosing small fish in small aquariums. All of them take into account both the peculiarities of the fish themselves and the specificity of a small volume of capacity.

  • Do not purchase predators for a small aquarium, no matter how miniature they are. And in general, turning to the pet store for a choice of fish, be sure to check the size of the adult.
  • No matter how much you want luxury and exclusivity, you'd better not stop your choice on expensive fish. Small aquariums are very unstable in terms of temperature, and fragile, expensive specimens are usually the most sensitive to such fluctuations, for them the slightest change will be fatal.
  • Too many fish are also wrong. There is a classic rule here: there should be at least 3-5 liters of water per fish of about 5 centimeters in size.
  • Pick a similar nature of the species. If you move mobile and very calm fish together, there will be no balance in the aquarium. Some of its inhabitants will experience extreme stress. Naturally, it is absolutely not necessary to settle territorial fish in a small aquarium together with other species.
  • The best option for a small aquarium - the neighborhood in the water layers. Some of the fish may belong to bottom species, their neighbors - to enjoy life in the middle layers. With them you can also inhabit the species that prefers to inhabit the surface.
Nannostomus nitidus

Known species

Although at first glance it seems that it is difficult to pick up fish in a small aquarium, there are many types of crumbs that will perfectly take root in your aquatic world. Consider some of the most popular unpretentious species of small fish.

Dwarf Guppies

School fish that feel more confident in large groups. It is interesting to watch them, they are unpretentious in care (perhaps, these are the most famous fish, which beginner aquarists prefer to start). Adults guppies reach a size of about 3.5 centimeters, and they need a sufficient number of plants - with shelters the fish feel better.

Dwarf Gourami

Reaches a length of 3-4 centimeters. These fish love all kinds of shelters and houses, so do not forget to arrange small caves when setting up an aquarium. An aquarium from 15 liters is suitable for these fish, it is better to keep them in a small group.

Green gorady

Like most small fish, it has a timid temper, it is safe to feel only in a flock and near shelters. The adult mountaindia reaches only two centimeters in length. It is advised to keep these fish in a group of about 12 individuals - the larger the flock, the more fun to watch them.

Danio Panther

Grow to sizes no more than 3 centimeters. They are also stains, it is better to have a group of about 8 individuals. True, they will need more volume, about 40 liters. These fish are active, nimble and very bouncy, so you need to cover the tank.

Dwarf parsing

Baby reaches the size of 3 centimeters. She is peaceful, calm, does not know how to respond to insults, so they should not be kept with overly active fish. In general, it is better to keep the pickup in a species aquarium, with a flock of about 8 individuals.

Badis red

Does not grow more than 3 centimeters. On 10 liters of an aquarium it is possible to contain 3-4 small fishes. In this case, the male should be only one.

Nannostomus nitidus

Fish grows in length to 3.5 centimeters. Keep them with too active fish is not worth it. They usually live in the upper layers of water, the number of recommended fish - from 4.

Barbus Butterflies

Calm, but active fish. They are also called moths.Grow up to 3.5 centimeters in length, prefer to swim in the upper layers of water. They do not get along with veil fish - they can seriously bite on them fins.

Compatibility

Naturally, not all small fish can successfully coexist with each other. Guppies should not be settled in the same labyrinth aquarium. The fact is that the latter will permanently damage the fins to the males Guppy. If we are talking about a mini-aquarium, many aquarists are advised to create specific aquariums, however, this option is not suitable for everyone.

As mentioned above, the best choice would be such a selection of fish, so that each species would prefer a different layer of water. For example, a few Danio, floating at the top, in the middle layer - Rasbory or Neon, at the bottom - a couple of small somikov Koridorasov.

The fish listed above are not all crumbs that can be launched into a small aquarium. These species - one of the most unpretentious, they are ideal for beginners. Naturally, they will get along perfectly in a large aquarium, especially since all these species are pack. The main thing, intending to equip a small water corner in the house, is to remember that taking care of any large or small aquarium requires attention, effort and great patience.

Popular aquarium fish


POPULAR AQUARIUM FISHES

Speaking about the popularity of fish, it should be said that a meaning is embedded in this concept: the prevalence among aquarists, accessibility, ease of maintenance — the simplicity of the fish, etc. That is, a popular fish is a fish deserved authority and demand in the aquarium market. Popularity does not depend on the size or type of fish. As a rule, this question is asked by novice aquarists who are going to purchase or purchase additional fish.

In this connection, it should be noted that when buying fish, first of all, it is necessary to take into account the compatibility of aquarium fish, and only then their popularity.
So, we present to your attention our selection of the most popular aquarium fish (in alphabetical order, with photos and descriptions).
Ancistrus
The most popular soma suckers. Antsistrusy not whimsical in the content, are orderlies of the aquarium world. They have a sharp character and can even drive medium-sized, neighboring fish.
Detachment, family: carps, mail catfish.
Comfortable water temperature: 22-24 ° C.
Ph: 6,5-7,5.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
Antsistrus has a mouth with horn-shaped suckers, which he actively scrapes algae in an aquarium - he cleans the walls of the aquarium and eats dead organics. I am happy to eat any live and dry food. The activity of these catfishes is manifested with the onset of twilight or when the aquarium lighting is turned off during the day.
Astronotus
These fish are hard to call easy to maintain, since they belong to the family of tsikhlovyh fish, moreover they are large, predatory fish. Nevertheless, due to its beauty, its qualities: demeanor, mind - the astronotuses won the leading positions in popularity among cichlids.
Detachment, family: cichlids
Comfortable water temperature: 22-28 ° C
Ph: 6,0-7,5.
Aggressiveness: 99% aggressive
Aquarium volume for astronotus should be from 300 to 500 liters.
Needs aeration, filtration, regular water changes (weekly 30%). Special attention should be paid to filtering - it should be powerful (the second filter will not be superfluous). The aquarium can be decorated with large stones and snags, the decor should not be sharp. Provide shelters for fish.
Barbusses
Amazingly diverse family of fish. Nimble, gregarious fish, for which it is interesting to watch. Barbs live relatively peacefully with similar medium-sized neighbors in an aquarium, but can pinch smaller and weaker fish.
Detachment, family: Carp.
Comfortable water temperature: 21-23 ° C.
Ph: 6.5-7.5.
Aggressiveness: quite aggressive 30%.
Sumatran barb compatibility: barbus, gourami, moths, parrot, catfish, creeps, tetri.
Most species of these fish can be kept in aquariums from 50 liters. Lifetime in the aquarium for them is usually 3-4 years. When keeping barbs you need to take into account the peculiarities of a particular species, since the variety of different variants of this fish often confuses novice aquarists.
Guppy
Everyone knows these fish, even those people who never had an aquarium. This is not surprising because they were the most popular inhabitants of all Soviet aquariums. Guppi fish have also earned their popularity: unpretentiousness in nutrition and maintenance, resistance to adverse conditions of detention and low price.
Poecilia reticulata or Lebistes reticulata
Detachment, family: Pecilia (Poeciliidae).
Comfortable water temperature: 20 - 26 ° C.
Ph: 6,5 - 8,5.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 0%.
Guppy Compatibility: compatible with all non-predatory and not big fish.
During the long years of keeping guppies in aquariums and careful selection, many species of guppies have been obtained, and their maintenance and maintenance are not so simple. At present, it is very difficult to classify guppies, because as a result of numerous crosses, more and more new breeds are bred each year.
Gupeshek can be kept in the general aquarium (but not with fast-floating species that can tear off their fins) with a length of 60 cm, in places with dense thickets of plants, including small-leaved, reaching the surface of the water (among them desirable Indian limnophila and glossy grass), floating plants with roots hanging down, as well as riccia, where the fry will find shelter. To the volume of the aquarium guppies are undemanding.

Gourami
Another large family is the labyrinth fish. The beauty and popularity of these fish is their diversity and beauty. And also in the fact that they are not demanding aeration of the aquarium and can go without it for a long time. This is due to the fact that the homeland - the habitat of the gourami is the rice fields of Asia, where there is little oxygen in the water, and the water itself is still standing. These fish, as a result of evolution, have learned to breathe atmospheric air, which they capture from the surface of the water with the help of the gill labyrinth.
Detachment, family: labyrinth
Comfortable water temperature: 24 - 28 ° C.
Ph: 6,5-7,5.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 40%.
For maintenance, an illuminated aquarium (overhead lighting) with a volume of 100 l and more, with thickets of living plants and free swimming space is required. It is desirable to have snags (fish constantly keep near them). Filtration, light aeration and weekly substitution of up to 30% of the volume of water are needed.
Danio
These are small, nimble fishes, which mainly swim in flocks near the surface of the water. Pink danios are especially popular. Unpretentious in content, inexpensive, can get along even with large non-predatory neighbors. An interesting fact about danios is the fact that these are the first fish that have undergone the current trend. Glofish - artificially derived form of glowing fish.
Danio pink Brachydanio albolineatus
Detachment, family: Carp.
Comfortable water temperature: 21-25 ° C
Ph: 6.5-7.5, water hardness: 5-15 °.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive. Fish are kept in an aquarium by a flock (from 6 specimens) in an aquarium with a length of 60 cm and a volume of 20 liters and more.
Discussion
Discus are the kings of the aquarium. These fish can not be called easy to maintain, unpretentious. Moreover, their cost very much bites, and their character is so capricious that sometimes even an experienced aquarist has a hard time coping with them. Nevertheless, the disc-shaped body of these South American cichlids, their coloring is just fascinating. This fish is popular because everyone wants to start it in its aquarium, but not everybody can feel it.
Discus blue Symphysodon aequifasciata haraldi
Detachment, family: South American cichlid.
Comfortable water temperature: 25-30 C.
Ph: 5,8-7,5.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
Discus is a big fish. In the natural environment, it reaches a length of 20 cm, in aquariums the size does not exceed 12 cm. The shape of the body is discoid. The dorsal and anal fins are very long, bending around almost the whole body. Pelvic fins narrow. The body is brown with vertical blue stripes. The whole body is decorated with numerous blue strokes. Males are larger and brighter than females, males fins are more pointed.
Discus demanding care - for their maintenance, a tall and spacious aquarium is needed. The minimum size of an aquarium for a couple is 150 liters. However, schooling fish and for its maintenance (5-6 individuals) an aquarium is needed from 300 to 500 liters.
Goldfish
Here we are with you and got to these posh representatives of the aquarium world. Perhaps, these fish are not only known, but also seen by everyone. After all, even with mother's milk, we all heard the fairy tale: “On the Fisherman and the Fish,” where this popular fish, or more precisely, the tail feather, became the prototype of the sea mistress. In addition, since time immemorial, namely from the time of ancient China, the monks were engaged in the selection of these fish, while receiving amazing forms from the progenitor of all Goldfish - silver carp.
Detachment, family: carp.
Comfortable water temperature: 18-23 ° C.
Ph: 5-20.
Aggressiveness: 5% are not aggressive, but they can bite each other.
Compatibility: with all peaceful and non aggressive fish.
Many novice aquarists, trying to make friends with these fish, take a whole horde of young cinchons. However, you should always remember that this is a large type of fish and for a couple of Goldfish you need an aquarium from 100l.
Corridors
This is a family of chain catfish. Popular, easy-to-keep, not capricious, peaceful catfish. They have intestinal respiration, i.e. can breathe booty - anus.
Corydoras paleatus
Detachment, family: armored soma.
Comfortable water temperature: 24-25 ° C.
Ph: 6,0-7,0.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive.
Compatibility: any fish. Only not desirable - Labo, modest bots, well, Ancistrus, because they chase them (although this is more like a game). Large cichlids are also not the best neighbors. The most famous catfish and excellent attendants of the aquarium - by keeping them with "Goldfish" you will ensure the purity of the soil in the aquarium.
Lyalius
Another of the members of the labyrinth fish family. In this topic, it is singled out separately, since lalyusy have a calm and peaceful disposition. Unlike gourami, they peacefully coexist with the most innocent fish.
Detachment, family: labyrinth
Comfortable water temperature: 18-20 ° C.
Ph: 6,5-7,0.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
Lyalius is one of the most beautiful, attractive fish of the labyrinth family. The fish is not big in the aquarium can reach 5-6cm. The body of the fish is flat. The lilius color is greenish-blue with transverse stripes of red and blue-blue color, the belly near the gills is blue. The fins of lalius are covered with red spots. The male lyalius differs from the female in a brighter color. They are the same size. Lyalius live only for a short period of 2-3 years.
Fish has a timid character. It is advisable to put lyalius in the aquarium with calm, peaceful fish. It is recommended to keep cutting with a flock of 3pcs., So the fish feel more confident.
Swordtails
Bright, lively representatives of viviparous fishes. Hardy, active, cheap in price. May contain peaceful cichlids, for example, scalar.
Xiphophorus helleri
Detachment, family: petsilievye.
Water temperature: 20 - 25 ° C.
Ph: 7,0 - 7,5.
dH: 5-20°.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 10%.
These fish have a variety of shapes, types and colors. They have a specific tail tail that is unique to them, for which they are among the people that got their name. In addition, swordtails belong to the species of viviparous fish and therefore their breeding does not pose any difficulty.
The combination of the above factors affected not only the popularity of these fish, but it can be said to have made them popular.
Neon
Neons are one of the smallest aquarium fish, look beautiful in a flock. Absolutely peaceful, harmless fish, which can talk for hours.
Paracheirodon
Detachment, family: carp-shaped, haracin
Comfortable water temperature: 18-24 ° C
"Acidity" Ph: 5,5 - 8°.
Stiffness dH: 5-20° .
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 0%.
The complexity of the content: easy
Neon Compatibility: non-aggressive, peaceful fish (neons, tetras, swordtails, petsyli, ornatus, pulchera, lanterns).
Not compatible: Neon can not be kept with large, aggressive fish: tsikhly, barbs, large catfish, goldfish, Labe, gourami.
Petushki or Betta
Very beautiful fish, its veil tail and fins just fascinate. The color of the fish is different. The most common ink color with a reddish tint. Males are colored much brighter, fins are longer than those of females. Fish size up to 7 cm.
Detachment, family: labyrinth
Comfortable water temperature: 22-24 ° C.
Ph: 6,0-7,5.
Aggressiveness: aggressive males in relation to each other.
Compatibility: with all the peaceful fish. It is not necessary to plant to the swordtails, barbs, gourami, especially to tsikhlam.
Angelfish
Angelfish are popular American cichlids. They favor peaceful and not very large neighbors. Angelfish do not uproot aquarium plants, as many cichlids do.
Latin name: Pterophyllum scalare.
Detachment, family: Perciformes (Perciformes), cichlids, cichlids (Cichlidae).
Comfortable water temperature: 22-27 ° C.
"Acidity" Ph: 6-7,5.
Stiffness dH: to 10 .
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 30%.
The complexity of the content: easy
Compatible scalar: although the scalars are cichlids, they are not aggressive. Favorable attitude even to small, peaceful fish and even to vivipartes. As neighbors, we can recommend: the Red Sword-bearers (they look great with black sklyarias), terntions and other tetras, danios, all soma, gourami and lyaliusi, parrots and eloi, other non-aggressive cichlids.
These South American cichlids simply fascinate with their elegance and beauty of sailing fins, which, like the wings of an angel, support it in dimensional weightlessness. Actually not for nothing foreign these fish are called angels.
Ternetsii
Thorns is a small, popular dark silver fish. It can be found in any pet store and in many home aquarium. Its unpretentious content, ease of breeding, peaceful nature - deserves the attention of aquarists beginners.
Latin name: Gymnocorymbus ternetzi
Synonyms: Black, mourning
In English: Black skirt tetra, Black Widow tetra, Black tetra.
Detachment, family: Characteristic.
Comfortable water temperature: 21 - 24 p.
"Acidity" Ph: 5,7 - 7,0.
Rigidity: up to 6-16 °.
Aggressiveness: not aggressive 20%.
The complexity of the content: easy
Torakatum
Tarkarums are one of the most common catfish in our aquariums. Their popularity is due to the simplicity of content, endurance and peaceful disposition of these fish.
Latin name: Hoplosternum thoracatum.
Correct name: Many people call this fish tarakatum, probably comparing it with a cockroach, but the correct way to speak is thoracatum, from the Latin "thorax" - the shell.
Synonyms: Torakatum, Hoplosternum, Som Toraktum, Tarakatum Som.
Detachment, family: Carapace soms.
Water temperature: 22-28 ° C.
Ph "acidity": 5,8-7,5.
dH: Up to 25 °.
Aggressiveness: Not aggressive 0%.
The complexity of the content: Very light
Compatibility: In fact, any fish - these catfish do not pose any threat to other inhabitants of the aquarium.
Tsikhlazoma black-striped
Black-striped tsikhlasoma - one of the most popular fish of the family tsikhlazom. These are relatively small, unpretentious in keeping fish, possessing a beautiful, sophisticated body color and what is important, unlike many cichlids, have a more relaxed character.
Latin name: Cichlasoma nigrofasciatum. From the Latin words "nigro" - black and "fascia" - ribbon, belt, strip.
Russian synonyms: Black-striped cichlinoma, black-striped cichlasoma, black-striped cichlamose.
Foreign names: Zebra Cichlid, Zebra chanchito, Convict Cichlid, Zebrabuntbarsch Grunflossenbuntbarsch, Blaukehlchen.
Order, suborder, family: Perciformes (Perciformes), Okunevidnye, Tsikhlovye (Cichlidae).
Comfortable water temperature: 20-28 ° C.
"Acidity" Ph: 6.8-8.0.
Stiffness dH: 8-30°.
Aggressiveness: 30% are relatively non-aggressive, aggression is shown during the spawning and care of offspring.
The complexity of the content: easy
Some may say that the peak of their popularity has passed, that now there are many other more colorful forms of cichlids and cichlase in particular. However, the statistics are not lying! Today, black-striped tsikhlazoma, the most popular of all tsihlazom in search Yandex. Every month more than 2200 users of this search engine apply for this request.
We also recommend you to look at the colorful brochure "Popular types of aquarium fish". This brochure contains all popular types of fish, with a description of their conditions of maintenance, compatibility, feeding + photos.

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Unpretentious aquarium fish - the owner does not bother

Is it difficult to keep aquarium fish? Such a question is often asked by novice aquarist lovers. They are afraid that they will not cope with the care, feeding, settlement of pets. Like any living creature, aquarium fish requires attention and care, but how to create comfortable living conditions for it, if you don’t know enough about the aquarium business? In this case, your pets can become unpretentious aquarium fish. They are easy to maintain, unpretentious fish are considered very hardy, tenacious, get used to the person. If you are very busy, and you do not have enough free time to care for animals, then the most unpretentious aquarium fish will significantly reduce the time for employment of the aquarium.

List of small unpretentious fish

What unpretentious aquarium fish successful for a beginner who does not have much experience in maintaining the aquarium? When there is a desire to create good conditions for their pets, you can choose small and beautiful fish with a peaceful disposition, who can live in not very capacious tanks.

Guppies are one of the most popular decorative pets in an aquarium. Outwardly very bright, cute, have a beautiful tail. You can keep in small tanks of 40 liters, are able to transfer changes in water parameters. Some guppies can withstand the lack of filtration, aeration, plants, although such a settlement is not strongly recommended. Guppies are prolific, viviparous fishes. Perfectly get on with small and peaceful fishes. For this reason, they have been popular in our country for many years. In addition, the variety of color patterns is striking - you can choose a school of fish of different colors, whose offspring will be even more colorful.

Watch a video about the content, care and reproduction of guppies.

Swordtails - they are easily recognizable by the tail fin, which in males ends with a "sword" in the lower base of the tail. There are also many types of swordtails: color variations, sizes, behaviors prove that these are very interesting pets. The main advantage - they are hardy, livable with many ornamental fish, do not spoil the aquarium decorations. It is advisable to settle in a 20-50 liter tank, where there are many shelters and dense vegetation. Swordtails can stand up for themselves - they can be accommodated with active fish that love to disturb their neighbors. Swordsmen are survivable because the female of this species suddenly becomes a male, which saves her in a critical situation.

Somiki corridors - unpretentious inhabitants of home aquariums. As you know, catfish are generally undemanding in maintenance, they are even ready to help in cleaning the tank - they eat up the remnants of undernourished food, eat algae. Do not bother their neighbors, because they float in the lower layers of water. Corridors can be called "two-breathing" fish, except for gill breathing, gather air into the intestine, which helps them survive in the absence of aeration. The nature of the fish is calm, peaceful, they can be settled even with larger fish. It is better to have a flock. The minus of these pets - some individuals carry with them parasites, if kept before the purchase is wrong. Their sizes are small - from 3 to 10 cm, so you can settle in small aquariums.

Mollies are viviparous fishes of the Pecilia family. Rather hardy, maintain small changes of parameters of water. However, their bodies do not withstand bad biological stress - dirty water, low water temperature, fresh water. Prefer salted ponds and bright lighting. Some mollies may conflict with the swordtails, barbs. The character is peaceful but unpredictable.

Tetras are another popular fish of the Kharacin family. Unlike corridors and guppies, they will not be able to survive under stringent conditions of maintenance - they need a lot of dissolved oxygen in pure water. Schooling fish, you can settle in a common tank with a capacity of 35 liters, a flock of 5-6 individuals.

Gourami - easy-to-keep fish, suitable for beginners. Need a portion of atmospheric oxygen, so you have to follow the aeration. Gourami are able to stand up for themselves, they eat live, frozen and vegetable food. Sometimes gourami can show aggression towards the fish of their own species.

See how to contain pearl gourami.

Barbus - easy to care for and keep pets, but with what character! Considering the fact that they are schooling fish, they can reach other neighbors, especially bright ones with lush fins. These are pirates of domestic aquariums, they can disturb even large cichlids, they are not suitable for a small common aquarium. Advantages of barbs - endurance, livable, beautiful appearance.

Unpretentious large fish

The most famous aquarium fish, which have relatively large body sizes, are representatives of the Cichlid family. Not only that they are very beautiful, so also peaceful, interesting, clever. Cichlids quickly get used to the person, can be fed from the hand. From a young age they form a couple, skillfully care for their offspring. Representatives of this family that are common in domestic aquariums are freshwater astronotus, angelfish, discus, African and South American cichlids. The size of cichlids is from 15 to 30 cm; therefore, they require settling into a spacious tank with a capacity of 100 liters or more. They get along well with some peaceful fish, however, they differ in territorial behavior. Tolerant changes in water parameters, but not drastic. There is one "but": some species of cichlids should not be given as a pipe stacker and bloodworm, it is harmful to them. This point should be taken into account when settling in a common reservoir.

Small aquariums for fish

In aquariums it is not customary to start small. Small volumes create big problems, as the miniature system is devoid of inertia, and its biological equilibrium is unstable. Nevertheless, aquariums of small sizes are now becoming increasingly popular. They are less expensive, compact, and with proper design and care amazingly beautiful. But to make it so that a small aquarium brings great pleasure is not easy.

What aquariums are considered small?

Small consider aquariums less than 30-40 liters, usually from 5 to 20 liters. Often they are called nano aquariums (from the Greek nano - "small, tiny, dwarf"), emphasizing with this term not only the size, but also their modernity and adaptability. There are also microaquariums, their capacity is 1-2 liters, and animals do not lodge in them, with the exception of some species of snails. The world's smallest aquarium with fish was created by Omsk miniaturist Anatoly Konenko and his son Stanislav. They placed in 10 ml of water a primer, a specially designed mini-compressor, small cladofor bushes and a few danio fry.

We will immediately agree that we will not call a round ten-liter jar with a goldfish a nano-aquarium because it is not an aquarium, but a mockery of fish and all the principles of aquarism.

An aquarium, no matter how large, is an equilibrium biological system whose inhabitants feel comfortable. To achieve this in a small amount is a whole science. But, if this is possible, the results can be simply amazing. Such aquariums, where a living biotope is reproduced in a tiny volume, resemble Japanese bonsai art or large-scale models of luxury cars: small ones, but everything is real.

Of course, not all small aquariums are worthy of aquascaping competitions or books of records, but each of them should please the eye of its owner and create a comfortable environment for its inhabitants.

Small aquarium and equipment for it

Nano aquariums are rectangular, cubic or close to it. Cover usually with a transparent coverslip. glass that allows you to admire them from above. Keep them away from drafts and direct sunlight and closer to the outlet that you need to connect equipment.

Equipment for nano aquariums is generally the same as for large ones, that is, a filter (in some cases it is enough to have a pump with an aerator), lighting devices, a heater if necessary, better complete with a thermostat, and a carbon dioxide supply system.

For those who do not have the experience and time to select aquarium technology, fully equipped nano aquariums are on sale. The best in terms of price and quality are the complexes of the Aqua El Shrim Set and Dennerle Nano Cube series.

And if you want to save money or it is interesting to choose all the stuffing for your nanocube yourself, there is plenty to choose from.


Filter

For a small aquarium, the filter is vital. Since the balance in this system is very fragile, and a small deviation of the parameters of the aquarium water can be fatal for its inhabitants, it is necessary to minimize the risk of these fluctuations. Therefore, pumps without a sponge or with a small sponge the size of a matchbox do not fit. Rather, they can be used, but only in aquariums with a very large number of live plants and without fish, with some invertebrates. However, with such a population, you can do without a filter or restrict the compressor.

If there are fish in the aquarium, the requirements for the filter are very serious. It should have a large filler surface to create a biofiltration, skip 8-15 volumes of the aquarium per hour, but not create strong streams of water that will damage plants, fish and crustaceans. In addition, small inhabitants of an aquarium should not fall into its water intakes. And, of course, it should occupy a minimum of space in the aquarium or be well decorated and fit into the landscape. Another optional, but very desirable condition is that the filtering material must be taken out of the water for rinsing without dismantling the filter itself, this greatly facilitates the maintenance of the aquarium.

The following types of filters satisfy these conditions partially or completely:

  1. Internal filters with open lips. They do not have a body, therefore, no one will suck in them. A large sponge (it is better to replace it with a finely porous at once) serves as a good material for mechanical cleaning and a substrate for the reproduction of bacteria of the biofilter. Some models of such filters can be placed with a sponge up, respectively, it is easily removed.
  2. External mounted filters, waterfalls. Take up little space, since the main part is outside. They have a large enough volume, which can be filled with various filter materials. Do not create a strong flow. The disadvantage is that when using these filters the aquarium can not be closed with a lid. It is required to put on a sponge or a fine mesh on the water intake tube of such a filter in order to avoid the inhabitants of the aquarium being sucked into the filter.
  3. External canister filters. Currently, there are models designed for small volumes. Provide very good mechanical and biological filtration, without taking up space in the aquarium. As with mounted filters, the water intake tube should be closed with a sponge or mesh. The only downside is the high cost.

In addition to these models, in aquariums of small size, you can use a variety of home-made designs - airlifts, Hamburg filters, plastic bottles with a fibrous or porous substance, connected to the pump. The requirement here is one: water under pressure must pass through a sufficient amount of material that provides mechanical filtration and can serve as a substrate for bacteria involved in the nitrogen cycle.

An additional filter in a small aquarium is live plants, sometimes they are even placed in a mounted waterfall, making a fit filter out of it.

Lighting

Due to the obligatory presence of living plants, the issue of lighting a small aquarium becomes urgent. There are almost never used lamps built into the cover, lamps are installed at a certain height above the aquarium. Usually used fluorescent or LED lamps. In general, the rule is this: if the lamps are fluorescent, then for unpretentious plants the light should be 0.5 W per liter of water, for whimsical ground cover plants or those with a reddish tint - 1 W per liter. If the lamps are light-emitting diode, the ratio of the lamp power and the luminous flux is different, and here they are already looking at the number of lumens. For undemanding plants there is enough illumination at 25 lm per liter, for demanding ones - 50 lm.

Plants for a small aquarium

Choose plants in the nano aquarium should be depending on the power of lighting and whether the supply of carbon dioxide is organized. If the light is bright, the soil is specialized, containing organic matter and CO2, then you can plant any medium-sized plants, here only the preferences of the owner play a role. In a more modestly equipped aquarium, plants are limited to unpretentious and slow-growing plants.

Lileopsis is a Brazilian cube, hemianthus of cube, and marcilia are used as ground cover. Japanese Blix, which is considered a groundcover in large aquariums, looks like a bush in small volumes.

In addition, different types of Anubias, cryptocoryne, Pogostemons, Rotal, ferns are grown. For decorating snags, stones and items of equipment use mosses. Often you can meet the cladofor balls. In short, there is room for creativity almost like in a large aquarium.

Fish for a small aquarium

When choosing inhabitants for a small aquarium, first of all, of course, one should pay attention to their size. Fish should not be more than 3-4 cm long, and if the aquarium is completely “nano”, up to 15 liters more than 2-3 cm. In addition, the fish need peaceful, not too voracious, not territorial and rather unpretentious, at least if this is your first experience in nano aquariums. Well and, of course, they must be brightly and diversely colored and active, so that it would be interesting to watch them.

Danio fish

Under these conditions is quite a large number of fish. The most honorable place in nano aquariums is occupied by carp representatives - zebrafish, micro-assemblies, boraras. The micro-collection of the galaxy with its amazing color is truly the queen of small volumes.

It is possible to lodge neon and tetra amanda from charicine fishes in such an aquarium, from guppies and petillia from viviparous. In addition, you can make small catfish, for example, the corridor-pygmy or otozinclus. Feel good in a small volume of the cockerel.

Fish is better to take flocks of 3-4 pieces (of course, except for pugnacious cockerels), so they will feel more comfortable. The density of planting small fish should be about 1 individual per 2 liters of water.

In addition to fish, different types of shrimp live in a nano aquarium, dwarf crayfish (they are incompatible with shrimps), frogs hymeno-viruses.

Making a small aquarium

You can decorate a nano aquarium in a different style. Iwagumi styles are popular among aqua-designers - different types of stone decoration forms, ryubekuka - decoration with snags, wabikusa - in the form of a hummock with plants. But here the taste and preferences of the owner are crucial. For example, if an aquarium is in a child’s room, it is appropriate to place a mermaid's castle or a sunken ship and toy scuba divers into it. The main thing is that the scenery should not take up too much space (as a general rule, not more than a quarter of the bottom surface and half the height), hide the aquarium equipment and leave room for plants and fish. In addition, if there are shrimps in the aquarium, it must be borne in mind that any objects protruding from the water may contribute to their escape from the aquarium.

Soil in small aquariums usually use a two-layer one: the bottom layer is a nutrient substrate, the top one is gravel, the total thickness of the layer should be 3-4 cm.

Care for a small aquarium

Caring for a small aquarium is not too time consuming, as long as it is permanent. If you can forget about a successful two-hundred-liter jar for a month (do not carry out cleaning and water changes in it, but only feed the fish), and nothing bad will happen, well, except that there will be a little less beauty, then this number will not work with the nano aquarium. It is impossible to linger for one day with cleaning or slightly overfeeding the fish, this can lead to irreversible consequences. Depending on the size and population of the aquarium, a schedule should be drawn up for switching on and off lighting, feeding animals, changing water (usually they are held weekly at 1 / 3-1 / 2), cleaning the bottom. This schedule must be strictly followed. Most importantly, a small aquarium requires close monitoring, and immediate action is taken with the slightest sign of imbalance. It is highly recommended to use water quality tests at first after launch to track at least ammonia and nitrite.

Of course, a small aquarium in an apartment or office is not just a piece of furniture, it requires care and attention, but with the proper selection of equipment and inhabitants and following simple rules, it is quite affordable even for an unskilled person in aquariums.

Unpretentious aquarium fish

Caring for aquarium fish - the whole science. At first glance, it is impossible to remember all the conditions and requirements for the content, it is difficult to find the means to purchase a huge aquarium and expensive equipment for it and time to prepare special feeds and regularly test the water. But there are fish that will forgive the newcomer for his inexperience and possible mistakes, and caring for them will not require huge material and temporary resources from him. About these simple to care, tenacious and unpretentious inhabitants of the aquarium and will be discussed.

Viviparous fish

They are considered the most undemanding to the conditions of detention and, in the general opinion, are the best option among aquarium fish for beginners. In turn, among this group there are also champions in vitality. Of course, this is a guppy. These fish are familiar to all, they were popular even in those prehistoric times when the filter, compressor and thermostat in the aquarium were considered a luxury. And the guppies in these aquariums lived, sparkled with their magnificent tails and multiplied.

Small fishes of this species can live in a small amount of water, without filtration and aeration, at different temperatures, exclusively on dry food. Of course, such a life cannot be called a comfortable life, and this may soon manifest itself in a deterioration in the appetite of small fishes and the blanching of their colors.Therefore, it is still very desirable to install a filter in the aquarium, carry out water changes regularly (once a week at 20-30%), and try to diversify the food as much as possible.

Another condition for a long and happy life of gops is that there must be a few of them in the aquarium, not less than 5-6 pieces, since they are packaged and feel alone and uncomfortable.

Relatives of guppies, equally popular in novice aquariums, are swordtails. These small bright fish also do not require special care. They are larger than guppies, so they need at least 40-50 liters of an aquarium; about 6 liters of water should be consumed per individual. Otherwise, the fish is also unpretentious, tolerates non-ideal conditions in the aquarium, organic water pollution or high nitrate content in it, and even breeds under these conditions.

Petilles and mollies are also viviparous fishes, almost as good as guppies and swordtails in their resilience. They need a more constant water temperature. Here, perhaps, all the difference.

The colors and forms of viviparous fish are so bright and diverse that you can create a beautiful, lively and interesting aquarium, using only representatives of these species. And the ease of their reproduction at home (fry are born already well-formed, they eat adult food themselves, and for their successful development it is necessary to ensure only the presence of thickets of small-leaved plants, you can even artificial, where they can hide) and allows even the beginner Aquarist feel like a true fish farmer.

It should be noted that at present breeders have deduced a large number of different forms of viviparous fish - with unusual colors, veil fins, and so on. These fish are unusually beautiful, but they are much more demanding of conditions of detention and not always suitable for inexperienced owners.

Carp

Carp representatives are the next most popular among beginners and ability to survive in difficult conditions.

In this group, in the first place, it should be noted danio rerio. This fish, it seems, takes nothing. In my aquarium, my friends once broke the thermostat, in the very heated water all the fish died and only the danios continued to swim as if nothing had happened. These persistent kids even launched into space.

Danio have quite ordinary appearance, but they captivate with their activity and swiftness. The schooling fish, but does not require a lot of space, 8-10 individuals will be perfectly able to live in a twenty-liter aquarium.

It is also quite easy to propagate them - it is enough to set a female (2) and three males ready for spawning into a small container, put them near the window early in the morning so that the first rays of the morning sun hit the bank and the fish begin to actively spawn. Growing fry, of course, more difficult than that of viviparous fish, but with due diligence and it is quite possible.

Another frequent inhabitant of small aquariums is the cardinal. This is a small-sized, up to 4--5 cm long, slender and mobile fish with bright fins. Cardinals are undemanding to the parameters of water, have a peaceful and livable nature, use dry or live food. A flock of nondescript at first glance cardinals will liven up any aquarium.

Barbus are also representatives of carp. In aquariums there are many species of this genus, the most unpretentious of them is considered to be a Sumatran barbus.

He has a bright golden-black striped color, and indeed in the aquarium it is difficult not to notice, his character is too active. Because of this, the bar should not be settled in an aquarium with calm phlegmatic fish, they will be uncomfortable with this jumping bully. Barbs are prone to obesity, so you should not overfeed them. Another possible problem in fish of this species is the stagnation of calf in females. To avoid this, you need to raise the temperature in the aquarium twice a year, stimulating spawning.


Labyrinth

Labyrinth fish, perhaps the largest and most elegant of those who can advise a novice for a small aquarium. Macropods reach a length of 9 cm, males - 6 cm (plus luxurious fins of almost the same length), and at the same time they can live in a three-liter jar without aeration, if only there is space between the surface of the water and the lid.

These fish have a special organ - a labyrinth, which allows them to breathe atmospheric air, so they feel good in oxygen-poor water, and other water parameters (temperature, hardness, pollution degree) are not too demanding either.

They have a very good regeneration ability, they can quickly restore damaged fins. Their disadvantage is an aggressive, fighting character: the males are completely intolerant of the males of their own species, and in some cases they can attack other species of fish, especially the macropods. Other labyrinth fish - liliusi, gourami - have a more peaceful disposition (although sometimes gourami, guarding the nest, can survive from a small aquarium of their neighbors), but are somewhat inferior to macropods and cockerels in terms of simplicity. They, especially breeding forms, require a constant temperature in the aquarium, clean water, the presence of thickets of living plants.

Haracin

These include such popular species as ternets, neons, various tetras: copper, firefly, rhodostomus. Small, very charming schooling fish with interesting colors, red and golden spots, glowing neon stripes. In ternation, the color is not bright, but its albino form was learned to dye artificially, receiving multi-colored fishes, called caramels.

The mentioned representatives of the haratsin ones are capable of living in small aquariums, however they are more demanding in terms of conditions. In particular, they prefer soft, acidic water and do not like massive changes, so the water for the aquarium is better to peat and change regularly, but little by little. In addition, in the aquarium with these fish is very desirable to have live plants.

Somics

Because of their funny appearance and behavior are very popular with beginners. However, they often lose sight of the fact that rather large catfish grow from the majority of cute little mustaches sold in pet stores. Torakatumov, plexostomus, pterigoplihtov and antsistrusov in an aquarium with a volume of 30-40 liters to keep absolutely impossible.

An unpretentious pygmy corridor (Corydoras pygmaeus) or its close relative dwarf corridor (Corydoras hastatus, catfish) is well suited for small aquariums. They grow only about 3-4 cm, they feel good in a large range of hardness and acidity, do not pay attention to the intensity of light, feed on any dry and live food, if only he was small enough and placed in their mouths. Demanding on temperature only. It should be in the range of 24-26 ° C. Schooling fish, you must keep them in groups of at least 5-6 pieces.

Another small catfish - ototsinklyus. He also does not need large amounts of water for life, but for him the presence of living plants, vegetable dressing and pure water with a low content of nitrates are necessary.

All these catfish are peaceful and can get along with any fish that will not offend them.

Cichlids

If a novice aquarist is immediately serious and ready to spend time on caring for an aquarium and studying special literature, you can recommend him to buy the most simple cichlids - the angelfish and black-striped chichlases. These species need a sufficiently large amount of water (at least 100 liters per pair) and careful selection of neighbors, but otherwise they are not too demanding.

In conclusion, it is worth noting that there are no aquariums and fish that do not require care at all. Fish, like frogs, turtles, tritons are living creatures, and care about them should be constant. If you don’t want to mess with the aquarium, and you just want beauty and pleasant murmur, it’s better not to torture animals and not to suffer yourself, but to buy a bubble panel and admire its pacifying gurgle.

In addition, it is not enough just to pick up unpretentious fish, it is necessary to consider the following:

  • fish must be compatible, since if, for example, simple guppies and barbs are placed in one aquarium, nothing good will come of it;
  • it is preferable to place in one aquarium related species or species that live in nature under similar conditions;
  • when choosing fish, it is necessary to consider what maximum size they can achieve, and based on this, determine the capacity of their aquarium;
  • most small fish are schooling, they need to be acquired immediately by the group.

Only by observing these conditions, you can make your first aquarium a source of beauty and pleasure.

The story of the small and unpretentious fish look at the video:

Small aquarium fish

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