DIY Aquarium Tips


Aquarium decoration: photos, video examples, styles and options


Making an aquarium is a worthy and fertile topic for conversation. This is not surprising, because this is the primary question asked by people who have just bought an aquarium.
Unfortunately, on the Internet, this question, surprisingly, is poorly lit, briefly or fragmentary. We hope this article will reveal all aspects and nuances of the design of the aquarium and will help you create your aquarium kingdom.

In connection with the volume of this issue, let's divide the article into two sections:
1. MATERIALS REQUIRED FOR REGISTRATION OF THE AQUARIUM: soil, stones, grottoes, snags, background, artificial and live aquarium plants, aquarium lighting, shells, castles, ships.

Materials required for decoration of the aquarium

And so, as you know, in order for fish to appear in your house, you need a vessel and water. However, aquaria is not just a banal maintenance of fish, it is the creation of a closed ecosystem, an imitation of the natural conditions of the maintenance of aquatic organisms. It is trite, but aquarian art begins with fish. Before you think about the design of the aquarium, first of all you need to decide on your desires and those fish that will swim in your pond. And this is very important! Each individual fish needs its own housing conditions, its own water parameters, and other conditions. And just under them you need to build an "aquarium house", it is from this that you have to make a start. For example, if you decide to start African cichlids and at the same time want to see a garden of living aquarium plants in your aquarium ... You initially doom yourself to an actually impossible task. The natural habitat of most African cichlids is the rocky shores of the r. Nyasa and r. Tanganiki, there are no plants, no algae - this is the “stone desert”. If the cichlids in the aquarium put the plants, they will pull them up and destroy.
Based on the foregoing, we advise first of all, decide on the fish that will live in your aquarium, study their characteristics and habits, read and learn the conditions of their maintenance. And so after embarking and thinking about the design of the aquarium.
REGISTRATION AQUARIUM GROUND The soil is one of the most important elements of the aquarium, it is his mood. It is very important to approach the issue of his choice with particular attention, because, in addition to the decorative functions, the soil plays the role of: a substrate for plants, for spawning and fish life. It is important to choose the desired fraction of soil, it is important to choose the required volume of soil, and only then the color of the soil. On our site there is a good article about the selection and selection of the soil, we suggest to read - HERE.
Speaking about the decorative properties of the soil, it is recommended to choose the soil of darker tones, so that the bright and light colors of the aquarium bottom do not overshadow the charm and beauty of the “main heroes of the day” - fish. REGISTRATION OF THE AQUARIUM BY STONES AND GROUTES. An important technical nuance when designing an aquarium with stones, grottoes, caves, etc. is the use of non-toxic, non-toxic materials. If stones, snags are selected and made independently, you need to do everything according to the rules and make sure that they do not emit harmful substances into the water. Certainly the decorations should not be made of limestone, rubber and metal, no paints and enamels !!!
Speaking about the aesthetic part of the pond, you should always remember that stones, grottoes, snags take a "living space" in the aquarium - living space. The number of such decor is calculated based on the volume of the aquarium and the needs of the fish themselves. In addition, it should be borne in mind that large decorative elements are placed on the edges of the aquarium or into the background. Do not put a huge castle in the middle !!! This is equivalent to having people put a refrigerator in the middle of the kitchen, and not into a corner. Aquarium is an amphitheater of life!
REGISTRATION AQUARIUM FONOM. The background of the aquarium for the aquarium dwellers themselves is not so important. In fact, the fish can live without it. The background is more important for a person, it can be said - these are “aquarium curtains”, which play a more aesthetic role than a technical one.
For information on what are aquarium backgrounds, how to make and attach them, see HERE.
Continuing to use the metaphors, we can say that if the background of the aquarium is “curtains”, then the plants are “indoor flowers on the windowsill”. From what they will be, how many they will be, depends on what your aquarium "window" will look like. We recommend to see a wonderful article on this topic - HERE.

The power and spectrum of light is important for aquarium plants - this is their source of life. Speaking about the design of the aquarium, the color of light is important. To date, there is a huge variety of colors of aquarium lamps. Choose to taste! Moreover, there are various bottom aquarium lights in the form of volcanoes, lanterns and LED aerators. Here they are.

REGISTRATION OF THE AQUARIUM BY OTHER DECOR. Aquariums can be decorated with shells, locks, ships, divers, skulls, etc. In this case, it is not necessary to buy all this in the pet store at a crazy price. Using such decorations you need to adhere to only two rules: non-toxicity and safety. Shells should not be sharp, and figures of divers made of rubber. See also article Seashells in the aquarium.
The classic design options for an aquarium for fish are:
Biotope - such an aquarium is made under a certain water landscape of a lake or stream.
Dutch - Aquarium, the main place in which allotted to plants. This aquarium is popularly called "herbalist". The most famous Dutch aquariums creates a mega aquarist Takashi Amano, here are his works:
Geographical - such an aquarium is designed for a specific region, it contains fish from this region only.
In the vastness of our country, you can most often meet "household aquarium" - where the above principles are not respected. In such aquariums, you can often find castles, amphoras, the same divers, skulls, etc., etc., etc. In addition, there is a whole industry children's aquariums. Here is an example:

There are other directions in the design of the aquarium.
As they say, so many people have so many opinions.
Next, let's see the design options for the aquarium.
Pseudo sea aquariums Such aquariums are formed and imitate marine aquariums - the seabed. The prefix "pseudo," says that in such a reservoir does not contain sea fish. Only an entourage is created!
As a rule, in such an aquarium, fish of a bright color are chosen, which cichlids often possess, for example, spruce, demanosi, parrots, etc. The aquarium itself is formed by corals, artificial polyps and sea shells.

Dutch aquarium "light option" Aquarium close to the natural habitats of fish. It contains live aquarium plants, snags, stones, but "in a lightweight form." Such aquariums do not require special knowledge of plant life from an aquarist. Elementary care for them is the key to success and achievement of goals.

True Dutch aquarium - herbalist
These are densely planted aquariums. Fully imitating all the beauty of freshwater bodies. To create such an aquarium, you need knowledge of plants, you need to study the issue of feeding aquarium plants and applying the CO2 system for an aquarium.

Household, children's, themed aquarium Such aquariums are made out under a certain idea. As a rule, it is a fiction and fantasy of man.

Futuristic Aquariums or Glo Aquariums Relatively recently, the fashion for creating Glo-reservoirs has entered the aquarist. Where everything glows with neon and plays with phosphorus. Even exist fluorescent live fish. Such aquariums look beautiful in the evening and at night. More about Glo-fish is here.

Saltwater aquariums These are aquariums that contain sea, saltwater fish. The aquarium is permeated with marine themes. The disadvantage of such reservoirs is the price and the huge cost of maintenance.

Cichlid Species aquarium in which only fish of the cichl family are kept.
Watch TSIKHLIDNIK - cichlids in the aquarium

Also there are industrial and show aquariums

We wish you success in the design and creation of your own individual aquarium kingdom, below is an additional photo that clearly demonstrates the diversity and flight of the aquarium thought in the lit question.

Video on the design of the aquarium

Aquarium: do-it-yourself design. Styles and design options aquarium

Nowadays, a beautiful and fashionable design of an aquarium for a person engaged in keeping and breeding fish is not just entertainment, but a matter of prestige and simply aesthetic pleasure from contemplating the results of his labors.

Psychologists say that an aquarium with fish in an apartment can calm nerves and normalize a person’s mental state. To do this, simply organize a recreation area with an aquarium and watch the fish for at least 30-60 minutes. in a day.

Aquarium: do-it-yourself design

The most fascinating and laborious task for all of us in the process of installing and filling the aquarium tank is its correct and beautiful design in the same style with the design of the room.

To date, there are a huge number of accessories that can be placed in the aquarium. Making your own hands will allow you to recreate as precisely as possible the exact setting that you want to see there. Just do not forget that the main inhabitants of the aquarium are fish. And they need the maximum amount of free space in order to be able to swim freely.

The main components that allow for the design of the aquarium (200 liters and all others) are:

  • stones;
  • natural and artificial algae;
  • pebbles;
  • various wooden elements;
  • artificial decorative elements such as locks, chests, etc.


Let's look at the following steps and examples of aquarium design:

  • laying the bottom with primer;
  • decoration of the aquarium with stones and grottoes;
  • Aquarium decoration with a properly selected background;
  • the use of various plant species;
  • correct selection of the backlight;
  • decoration of the aquarium with the elements of decor.

Each of them has its own specific rules, which will be described below.

Ustilya bottom of the ground

Soil for the aquarium bottom is one of the main and essential attributes. Before you buy it in a specialized store, decide what type of aquarium you would like to have, since this natural material must be purchased according to a specific goal. Yes, yes, you heard right: for each goal is taken a certain type of soil.

So, if small fishes live in your tank, then it is best to buy a small type of soil, and coarse-grained or mixed will suit large inhabitants of the reservoir. A similar approach is acceptable even when you decide to build a Dutch-style aquarium in your house, that is, a reservoir dominated by plants, not fish.

In addition, when choosing a coating for the bottom, you must take into account the individual habits of your chosen exotic aquarium fish. If you have purchased goldfish or certain species of catfish, then you need to remember that they love to rummage in the ground. Therefore, they can not buy shallow soil, otherwise there will always be fog in the aquarium. To avoid this, it is necessary to purchase a bottom covering of such size that they could not dig it.

It is best to buy a monochromatic coating for the aquarium. It is best to choose the bottom base of a dark color, because it is beneficial to allocate the inhabitants of your house for fish.

Before you put the purchased soil in the aquarium, it must be thoroughly rinsed or, which is ideal, pour boiling water over it.

Stones and grottoes

How is the design of the aquarium stones and grottoes? These parts selected for decoration should be made only from natural, natural materials. They should not contain harmful or poisonous impurities that, if released into the water, can lead to the death of the inhabitants of the aquarium.

In the case of self-collecting elements of the decor in the aquarium, the decoration with your own hands is made only after pre-processing of all previously collected material in order to disinfect and check for the absence of all elements harmful to health of the reservoir.

Processing of stones and snags

Stones can be processed in the same way as the soil for the bottom of the aquarium, and pre-processing of the kryag is somewhat more complicated. To do this, place the selected wooden decor in a container with water (so that the liquid completely covers it) and pour salt there until it stops dissolving, then remove the treated log and rinse it with clean water and place it in the purchased tank for fish.

Do not forget that in an aquarium in no case should there be elements of limestone, rubber, various types of metals, as well as elements having a coating of paint or enamel.

Also, do not overfill the aquarium with decor, especially with larger-sized elements, such as stones, grottoes, etc., since this leads to a decrease in the useful internal space needed by underwater inhabitants for their vital movement.

Do not forget that the decor elements of large sizes should be placed at the corners of the tank or to the background, so as not to spoil the whole look.

Aquarium decoration with the right background

The so-called background is an important element of the decor of the aquarium. Since the background coverage sets the mood for all your offspring, it is not necessary to choose dark and dark tones, bearing the spirit of sadness and sadness.

There are several options for the background for aquariums:

  • You can simply paint the back wall of the tank in the color you chose beforehand. This path has its pros and cons. Indisputable advantage can be called the originality and 100 percent originality of your child. The list of minuses includes certain difficulties with changing the already existing background (removing it with a solvent).
  • The background is in the form of a colored plastic film, having an unlimited number of different variation solutions, among which everyone can choose the most suitable one for him. In addition, the price of such a film will be practically imperceptible for your pocket, and it can also be installed or removed very quickly.
  • Panel and diorama in the aquarium. Making your own hands in this case is an ideal option, since these parts can not only be purchased at the store, but also be made by yourself using the following materials at hand: small pebbles, snags and branches, foam plastic and mounting foam. But we must not forget about the environmental cleanliness and natural origin of the selected materials, so as not to harm the fish. Such decorative elements will always be unique.

Film sticking rules

Such a film can be attached to both the outer and the inner side of the back wall. If you want to get more saturated colors, then, of course, it is better to stick it from the inside.

Before applying the film, you must make sure that the surface of the inner wall of the back of the aquarium is completely dry (to avoid the appearance of pimples). Treat the purchased film around the perimeter with a special transparent silicone sealant, previously purchased at the pet store. In no case do not use a conventional sealant, since the consequences of its use may be irreparable for aquatic inhabitants.

If you decide to stick the film inside the aquarium, then you should not feel sorry for the silicone: it is better to miss the film very carefully, especially its upper edge, to avoid the possibility of peeling it off. After fixing, wait until the material is completely dry, and only then fill the tank with water.

Registration of an aquarium by different types of plants: live or artificial

If you have acquired an aquarium and are engaged in its design, then do not forget to purchase and plant various types of algae. You do not need to saturate the tank with them, but you can’t do without them, because they saturate the water with oxygen and are food for some species of fish.

They also appear in the form of a "manger" for newly born fish, because only by hiding in algae can they survive, because eating many of their fry is common among many species of fish. Those fish species that spawn, hide it on leaves of algae or under them.

Planting and care of live aquarium plants

Before acquiring aquarium plants, it is best to consult with the seller at the pet store, he will help you find the perfect plants, and also tell you how to plant them in the aquarium so that they look for a long time.

In any case, there are varieties of aquatic vegetation that do not require planting in the ground. For all other soil thickness should not exceed 3-5 cm, and the seeds are recommended to choose medium or large sizes. It is this size of soil that will speed up the process of full rooting of plants.A freshly planted plant can be lightly pressed with pebbles or other decorative elements. In this case, its roots should be in the straightened state.

It is also recommended to feed the plants monthly using special tablets, which are placed in the soil adjacent to the plant. They must be used no more than two per month.

Correctly select the backlight

If you decide to make a purchased aquarium with your own hands, then do not forget about the correct lighting, because not only the appearance of the tank depends on it, but also the health of its inhabitants, since the power of the light flux and its spectrum are vital for plants.

To date, there is a huge variety of highlights, both external and fully adapted to work underwater, so that everyone can find the option that will appeal to him. To help the novice aquarist, many different manuals have been published, which help to correctly and quickly carry out the design of the aquarium. The photos below will help make this process as simple and easy as possible.

Aquarium decoration with decorative elements

When designing an aquarium with the help of decorative elements, it is necessary to remember that they must be environmentally friendly and have no harmful impurities, and in no case can they be supersaturated with an aquarium.

You can use both purchased and self-made decor.


Today there are various styles of aquariums. All of them are very richly represented in the pictures and photos posted in our article and in various books on the aquarium business. Also in Russia they can be seen in dolphinariums. Among them are the following options for the design of an aquarium:

  • Biotope, representing the landscape of a single reservoir.
  • Dutch design style, which focuses on the richness of the underwater flora, and not on the fish.
  • Geographic - an aquarium with representatives of the animal and plant world of a single region.
  • Psevdomorskogo aquarium stylized under the seabed without plants, and its inhabitants are small fish bright colors. Since such a tank is decorated with large-scale decor, such as stones, corals, artificial polyps, shells, and almost no vegetation, it is excellent for cichlids. After all, this design aquarium for cichlids is ideal.
  • Children's aquariums are designed in accordance with the favorite theme of the child (games, cartoons, stories of books, etc.).
  • Marine aquarium with inhabitants living in salt water.
  • Futuristic aquariums saturated with luminous elements, including special hybrid fluorescent fish.
  • Household and thematic containers created on the basis of human fantasy.

The design of the angular aquarium is made according to the same principles as all the others. A variety of types and styles of work of experts in the aquarium business, known throughout the world, will help you in this difficult matter. We hope that the recommendations given in this article will help you to get a clear idea about the future interior design of the fish house. In addition, the photos offered by us will help you to correctly and beautifully design the aquarium. They will serve as an excellent visual aid.

How to decorate an aquarium?

After buying an aquarium, the first question is how to decorate the aquarium. To create a stunning design you need imagination, careful planning, diligence and, of course, the desire to create a miracle. I will give examples of the design of aquariums, talk about styles, materials and give useful tips that can help you in the future. I wish your beautifully decorated aquarium became the center of attention!

Earlier, in the period of the beginning of aquarism, there was no suitable equipment and specific information about the design of the aquarium. Most kept their fish in ordinary jars, not even dreaming of more. But time passed and everything changed. The world of modern technology has brought automation and new trends in fashion. There was a whole direction in the design of aquariums, called aquascape. Now in the tank you can recreate any natural environment, landscape, even be fantastic. It all depends on the idea and the right material.


Let's talk a little about styles. In the world of art design there are many, and each is something unique. Consider only the main ones.

Dutch style

The basis of the Dutch style are lush and dense thickets. About 12 species of plants are involved in its formation. For the depth of perception, stem plants selected in color, texture and growth rate are planted in groups from the back wall to the front. A Dutch-style aquarium needs careful care: periodic pruning of plants, supply of carbon dioxide, proper selection of fish and abundant bait for plants.

Natural Style Nature

Everything is clear here, nature and everything connected with it. It can be a mountain landscape, a forest, a field, a lake or an ocean. In creating a natural style, special emphasis is placed on the asymmetry of the forms of only natural materials and living plants (about 5 species).

Iwagumi Style (Rock Garden)

Pretty complicated to play style. Its main features are correctly located stones of similar textures and forms in a large open space.

Pseudonatural style

The pseudonatural design of the aquarium is available even to a beginner. Quickly and without special financial costs. In the aquarium is placed the usual soil, plants and fish. Sunlight or weak fluorescent lamps are used as lighting. No carbon dioxide supply.

Psevdomorskie aquariums were invented by lovers of seascapes. The design is as close as possible to the seabed (corals, shells, and other attributes), but freshwater fish live in the pseudo-sea aquarium.

Collection style

This style is also suitable for novice aquarists. Its essence lies in combining a large number of different types of plants, from 15 and more. If the Dutch-style plants are planted in groups, then everything is possible in the collection style. Any variations of sizes and shapes are welcome.

Materials used in the design of aquariums

So, before proceeding to the design, decide which fish will live in it. After all, each need their own individual characteristics of the content. And it is precisely with this that it is necessary to reckon, and from here to make a start. It is better to once again get acquainted with the habitat and predilections of future tenants than to redo everything anew. Materials for home improvement can be varied. The main technical nuance of all materials is non-toxic. Let's look at some of them.


Quite a significant element in decorating an aquarium are stones. They not only decorate, hide the installed technical means from prying eyes, but also serve as a shelter and substrate for some fledgling fishes. For aquariums suitable such stones: granite, basalt, gneiss, porphyry. In the design is better not to use dolomite, limestone, sandstone. They are only suitable for hard water aquariums. Good samples of stones can be found on the shores of lakes, rivers.

Before laying the stones should be thoroughly washed, boiled. Be sure to check for lime and metallic inclusions. To check the stone, it is enough to drop vinegar on it. If you hiss, then the composition has calcium carbonate contained in limestone. After checking the stones are thoroughly washed again. If you do not have the time and desire to mess with the processing of stones, you can buy them at the pet store.

Do not place stones with sharp edges in the aquarium. This can cause your fish to get hurt.

All large stones, structures put on the bottom before falling asleep ground. To avoid damage to the bottom, it is recommended to lay plastic sheets under large stones. Large decorative elements are best placed on the back or side. Do not put in the center of the cobblestone, which will only select the precious area. Resistance to vertical stone slabs can be imparted with silicone rubber glue.

If the stones are small, they can be put on the ground itself. But it should be remembered that the fish, undermining the ground, can be crushed by this stone. Basically, this kind of decor is placed close to the walls of the aquarium or at a distance sufficient from them, so that the inhabitants of the aquarium do not get stuck. With the help of a sealant from stones, you can create various step-by-step compositions, fancy caves.


Laying the soil is the next step in the design of the aquarium. Soil - an important element of the decor. In addition to the aesthetic function, it serves as a substrate for plants, spawning and livelihoods of fish. By selecting the desired fraction, volume, you can proceed to the choice of color. Here, as your heart desires.

Soil can either fully meet the color scheme of the aquarium, and radically different. When buying at a pet store, pay attention to what it is painted. After all, paint over time can dissolve in water.

The best soil is natural, not colored with anything. Heaters or bottom filters should be installed before backfilling. In places where plants will grow, fall asleep nutrient substrate. High relief of the bottom can be created with the help of terraces.


Natural boundaries for the inhabitants of the aquarium can be created by placing wooden elements on the bottom. The specific texture of the tree will fit beautifully into the underwater landscape of the aquarium. Moss or other plants can be attached to the bark.

Can be used:

  • dead tree roots;
  • lain for many years in flowing waters;
  • hard wood (beech, ash, alder, willow, maple).

Can not use:

  • with rot and mold;
  • tree roots from silt places;
  • polluted by industrial and agricultural waste.

The tree is cleaned of dirt and bark. To reduce buoyancy of the boil, boil with salt for more than an hour, wash and leave to lie in cold water. Water is periodically changed to fresh. After that, you can proceed to registration.

Aquarium decoration with shells

River and seashells, of course, look natural and beautiful. But before you put them in the aquarium, they need to be processed. Small shells are thoroughly washed with water, and large shells boil for at least 30 minutes. No need to put in the aquarium shell, treated with varnish or other protective material. To avoid injury to fish, it is better not to choose specimens with sharp edges. Remember that shells and corals increase the hardness of the water.

Other items

The bottom of the aquarium can be decorated with an ancient castle, a sunken ship or a chest with colored stones. The scenery can be very diverse. Glass vessels, ceramic or clay pots or any other design. Original look plants growing in pots. You can diversify the color scheme of the aquarium by installing a bottom aquarium lighting in the form of a volcano.

Artificial plants for aquariums

Pet shops dazzle with an abundance and a variety of artificial plants for an aquarium. Here you can buy everything. By biological properties, artificial plants, of course, are inferior to natural ones. But with the help of them, a beginner can quite quickly and originally decorate an aquarium. In addition, artificial plants have many advantages:

  • quickly and easily cleaned from algae;
  • never be eaten by denizens;
  • always look new;
  • tolerant to water composition.
You can combine artificial and natural plants. So you will visually expand, enrich the landscape, make it brighter in perception, and at the same time you will maintain biological balance in the aquarium.

Aquarium Background

To the decorative design of the background proceed first. This is usually the back wall. Two side walls can also be decorated. It all depends on the desire and initial ideas.

To create the background, you can use sheet backgrounds printed on a strong film. Photowall-paper of different themes, colors, shades are sold by the meter of different widths. It is better to take with a margin of several centimeters.

Fasten, as a rule, from the outside. If a thin base, you can simply moisten with water and carefully level. If you plan to frequently change the background, it is better to use scotch. If desired, the wallpaper for the aquarium can be glued on the inside with a special sealant designed for this. But here there are certain inconveniences - the film, no matter how you stick it tightly, will be peeled off in water.

It is possible to add volume to the back wall using the embossed background. Recently, he has gained great popularity. The price for it is quite high, but still it is in considerable demand among aquarists. Mounted inside the aquarium with silicone glue.

As a background, you can lay stones or put cork tiles.

The easiest way is to paint. And you can any. As you paint the outside of the aquarium, it will in no way affect the quality of the water and the health of the fish. But this method has its drawback. If you decide to remake something in the background design, then after painting it will be more difficult.

What else you need to know about the aquarium:

Scenery in the aquarium do it yourself: underwater waterfall

A beautiful and fascinating sight will be the highlight of any aquarium. Before decorating, it is better to immediately write down all your wishes on a sheet of paper, draw a detailed drawing, decide how high and where the underwater waterfall will be.

The role of falling water, we will perform the sand. Only a very small and clean suitable for a good visual effect. Here you will need to experiment with the selection. Still need a tube with a spray. Waterfall will work on the principle of injection. Air bubbles rise. From the pressure, small grains of sand are drawn into the tube and, rising up, fall. In order not to form a hill of loose sand, you need to experimentally select the amount of material, air pressure and the diameter of the holes of the underwater waterfall.

Summing up

Whatever the theme and style of the aquarium design you would choose, the main thing is to make the pond comfortable for the life of its future inhabitants. All decorations should be made of durable and non-toxic materials. It is the fish that will be in the center of attention, and all other decorative attributes are only a harmonious addition to the interior, which should fade into the background. I wish you success in the design and creation of your individual underwater kingdom!

Do-it-yourself aquarium design with photo and video examples


Aquascape rules for building aquarium composition design:
golden section, Fibonacci series, the fractality of nature.

Many regular readers and forum users know that recently, I finally launched my Amanovo herbalist.
The motivation for creating such a beauty at home was the desire to prove that Amano's aquarium was too tough for everyone, that it was real, that it was not that difficult ...

And what is important is a burning desire, diligence, patience, fanaticism, if you want ... And of course the thirst for knowledge, experience, and most importantly, as Saint-Takashi Amano says, the idea!

At the moment, the created herbalist “is ripening”, an adjustment will be made there and work on the errors. This will take 1-2 months and in order not to waste precious time, I begin a series of articles in which I will share my experience, knowledge and emotions. I really want to believe that my guys and the burning flame of love for aquarism will be picked up by other guys, because this is, in fact, the ultimate goal of FF - to instill a love for the world of aquarium fish.

At the same time, I want to say that I do not claim the laurels of Saint-Say Amano. Like any person, I am mistaken, constantly learning and learning about the world of aquarism. There is no perfection in aquarism, as, actually, in life in general. What is important is the experience and opinion of everyone; consolidation of aquarists is important. Both beginners and pros. In general, ask questions, criticize, advise!

So, it took me four months to create a herbalist. During this time, I shoveled so much information !!! So much running around shopping !!! ... For the wedding, probably, they don’t prepare as much as I do for my herbalist))). And you know what the main problem that I encountered? Lack of clear, comprehensive information on the creation of an ala'Amano aquarium. The information is either scattered or abrupt, or too abstruse. No practicum, no examples, no step by step instructions. Let's fill this gap together!

In any art (painting, sculpture, architecture) there are many rules that are used to build a composition. Aquarium design is art too! The artist creates with a brush, a sculptor with plaster ... aquarist with plants, soil, stones and driftwood! The set of rules and principles for constructing a composition is not described in detail in one article. Therefore, I propose to talk only about the most important ones: the Golden Section, the Fibonacci Numbers and the Fractality of Nature.
All the above rules I knew before, like many of you. When you first become acquainted with these rules, it seems that you are close to solving the question of being and the divine principle. Feel, so to speak, that "I touched God for my little finger"! This is not surprising, because everything that exists (living and not alive, visible and not visible) is subject to these DIVINE RULES.

In this article I will try to tell you about the application of these rules when building an aquarium composition. And, of course, give examples.But, I ask you not to dwell only on my article! On the Internet, you will find many mind-bending, decent photos, videos, and text materials on this topic!

The golden ratio in the aquarium

People distinguish the objects around them in form. Interest in the form of any object may be dictated by vital necessity, and may also be caused by the beauty of the form. The form, which is based on a combination of symmetry and the golden section, contributes to the best visual perception and appearance of a sense of beauty and harmony. The whole always consists of parts, parts of different sizes are in a certain relation to each other and to the whole. The golden section rule is the highest manifestation of the structural and functional perfection of the whole and its parts in art, science, technology and nature. The golden ratio is a harmonic proportion!
I intentionally do not include in the article all mathematical formulas and geometric constructions in order to simplify the material as much as possible. However, completely impossible to do without them. Let's try to catch the essence.

Golden ratio - this is a proportional division of a segment into unequal parts, in which the entire segment relates to the larger part, as the largest part refers to the smaller part. Or, in other words, a smaller segment refers to a larger one as much as a larger segment to the whole segment.

Golden ratio (golden "divine" proportion, division in the extreme and average ratio) - the ratio of two quantities, equal to the ratio of their sum to the greater of these quantities. The approximate value of the golden section is 1.6180339887. In percent, the rounded value is a division of the value by 62% and 38%, respectively.

Golden ratio (proportion) - 1,618 It is called divine (oops), because it is the “measure” of everything that exists, from a worm to a man, from a snail to an elephant, from DNA to the structure of the Universe! In the network you can find many fascinating popular science films and programs on this topic. Look, you will not regret.
In our (aquarium) article I will give just one example of the golden proportions in the human body.

Golden proportions in the face and hand,
lower in body

I write and remember the entertainment from childhood. One day, I found out that the size of the foot is about 1/8 the height of a person. When I said this in class, everyone frantically gripped the rulers and let me measure each other! But this is a simplified example of the golden ratio. The most interesting thing is that forensic scientists, archaeologists and paleontologists work on the same principle when they restore the picture of the whole of the parts and remains. Of course, everything is more serious there than “1.8 stops”, but the principle is the same - “Golden proportion” !!!
Now a little history. A man who has heard of the golden section at least once associates him with the name of Leonardo da Vinci. Leonardo really made a huge contribution to the world of art and to the knowledge of the Universal Rules. But, in fairness, it is worth noting that the golden section was already known in ancient Greece, and in the time of the pharaohs.

Thousands of the best minds worked on this question! It is worth mentioning the name of the German professor Zeising (1855), who did a great job. He measured about two thousand human bodies and came to the conclusion that the golden ratio expresses the average statistical law. The division of the body by the navel point is the most important indicator of the golden section. The proportions of the male body fluctuate within the average ratio of 13: 8 = 1.625 and are somewhat closer to the golden section than the proportions of the female body, in relation to which the average value of the proportion is expressed in the ratio 8: 5 = 1.6. In the newborn, the proportion is 1: 1, by the age of 13 it is 1.6, and by the age of 21 it is male. The proportions of the golden section also appear in relation to other parts of the body - the length of the shoulder, forearm and hand, wrist and fingers, etc. Curious! Fundamentally! Awesome!


The name of the Italian mathematician monk Leonardo from Pisa, better known as Fibonacci, is indirectly connected with the history of the golden section. He traveled extensively in the East, introduced Europe to Indian (Arabic) numbers. In 1202, his book “The Book of the Abacus” was published, in which all the tasks known at that time were collected. One of the tasks stated "How many pairs of rabbits in one year from one pair will be born." Reflecting on this topic, Fibonacci built this series of numbers:

Months 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12, etc.

Pairs of rabbits 0 1 1 2 3 5 8 13 21 34 55 89 144 etc.

A series of numbers 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, etc. known as the Fibonacci series. The peculiarity of the sequence of numbers is that each of its members, starting from the third, is equal to the sum of the two previous 2 + 3 = 5; 3 + 5 = 8; 5 + 8 = 13, 8 + 13 = 21; 13 + 21 = 34, etc., and the ratio of adjacent numbers in the series approaches the ratio of the gold division. So, 21: 34 = 0.617, and 34: 55 = 0.618. This ratio is denoted by the symbol F. Only this ratio — 0.618: 0.382 — gives a continuous division of a straight line in the golden ratio, increasing it or decreasing to infinity, when a smaller segment refers to a larger one, like a larger one.

The Fibonacci series could remain only a mathematical casus, if it were not for the fact that all researchers of the gold division in the plant and animal world, not to mention art, always came to this series as the arithmetic expression of the law of the gold division.

The scion makes a strong ejection into space, stops, releases a piece of paper, but shorter than the first, again makes a release into space, but of lesser force, releases a leaf of even smaller size and again ejection. If the first outlier is taken as 100 units, the second is 62 units, the third is 38, the fourth is 24, and so on. The length of the petals is also subject to the golden proportion. In growth, the conquest of space, the plant retained certain proportions. The impulses of its growth gradually decreased in proportion to the golden section.


The concept of fractality is more connected with the geometry and visual display of the golden section and the Fibonacci series.

Fractal (Latin fractus - crushed, broken, broken) - a mathematical set that has the property of self-similarity, that is, homogeneity in different scales of measurement (any part of the fractal is similar to the whole set).

Well, now the "human language". There is an "infinite cosmos" of other cells and molecules around every cell, every molecule of physical bodies. And in all things, complete harmony is harmony of fractal geometry.

Fractals call infinitely self-similar figures, each fragment of which repeats with decreasing scale. The term fractal means the presence of a thin, repetitive structure, both at the macro and micro scale of an object.
Fractality is manifested in everything! In galaxies and cells, in the structure of each bush and tree, snowflake and cloud. Even lightning is fractal. What to say about the bend of the coastlines of the sea, lakes, mountains, fields, etc ... In the end, the rhythm of our heartbeat (cardiogram) is also a fractal!

Everything in space is fractal! And guess who is to blame? Of course, Fibonacci and its series 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89, 144, 233, 377, 610, 987, 1597…. ))) Wherever you look in nature, you can see a number series everywhere, where each successive number is the sum of the two previous ones.

You can watch any plant sprouting out of the ground, and you will be surprised to find that one leaf first appears, then two, a little later - three, then five ... eight ... thirteen. And never in a different way!

Here is an elementary visual display of fractality.

Here is a fractal in broccoli

But in the tree

Let me give you another example, take a single tree,
based on its single fractal structure, you can determine how many and what trees will be in the forest, where it stands.

The same is true in aquarism, - bush, to bush, pebble, pebble. In short, there must be harmony! In the aquarium should not be different in color and texture of stones, there should not be different koryag. The decor elements themselves should not be the same in size, they should be installed in the right place, and not anyhow!

For a better understanding and visualization, I suggest below to watch small video clips about the golden section, Fibonacci series and fractal

I also recommend watching the movie "Fractals: Order in Chaos" (2008), The film can be found in the search Yandex or Google.

From the above, we can conclude that everything in the world is subject to the above-described "divine rules." The design of an aquarium is an artificial recreation of a wildlife corner. From this we can conclude: "In order for the artificial to be as close to the divine as possible, it is necessary to use these unshakable rules when setting up an aquarium!"


From the above, we can conclude that everything in the world is subject to the above-described "divine rules." The design of an aquarium is an artificial recreation of a wildlife corner. From this we can conclude: "In order for the artificial to be as close to the divine as possible, it is necessary to use these unshakable rules when setting up an aquarium!"

Take any work of art.

For example, the picture of I.I. Shishkin "Morning in a pine forest"!

The author strictly followed the principles of the golden section. The main object is at a strong point, and all objects are located in golden triangles.

The aquarium is the same picture, which means that its design directly depends on the same rules as in the visual arts.

Let's take a look at how to find the golden ratio and strengths in an aquarium. After all, it is very important to decide where, in what place of the composition its center should be located.
So back to the Fibonacci numbers 1,1,2,3,5,8,13 ...
To begin, divide the aquarium view glass into 3, 5 or 8 equal parts horizontally and vertically.
Note: My scape was made in an aquarium with panoramic glass. The process of finding strong points in this case becomes more complicated. I photographed my aquarium and determined points from the photo. Do not forget that all the schemes and techniques relate to the picture that the viewer sees, and not to the geometric dimensions of the can. It is primarily about projection.

1:2 2:3 3:5

I recommend using a proportion of 3 to 5. It is easiest to divide a rectangle into 8 parts - 3 times in half. For a start, you can use a tape measure and a marker, then there will be a skill to mark the aquarium on the eye.

Then select the axes that divide the whole into 3 and 5 equal parts.

And at the intersection of the axes we get a "strong point".

There can be four such points in total. But, we must have one center! Choose any of them, and forget about the rest.
Below is a photo of the design of Takashi Amano, in which the author skillfully disposes a contrasting, expressive center at the "strong point" of the aquarium.

Here is another easy way to conduct a golden ratio in an aquarium.
Measure the length of the aquarium and divide the resulting value by 2.61803.
Example: Length = 800mm / 2.61803 = 305.57322mm (round 305mm). The second segment, respectively, is 800mm - 305mm = 495mm.

Make a mark, draw a line. The same operation is carried out with the height of the aquarium.

Note that the height does not need to measure "to the very cover." Remember, there must be a picture - this is what a person sees. After that, you can draw other intersection lines - "golden triangles".

Well, then what? And then ... the flight of your imagination, the flight of thoughts about the placement of your idea in the golden section of the aquarium ... First mentally, then turning the decoration in your hands (stones, snags), while presenting their combination with plants. And only then - in the aquarium itself))).

So let's summarize! We learned to find a strong point in the aquarium composition, as well as to draw golden lines and triangles. They will help us bring our idea to life. The knowledge gained will allow us to build the right, harmonious design in your pond. The aquarium, which will be based on the above principles, will be natural, natural, beautiful and enjoyable to read.
When building an aquarium composition, there are others, "less significant rules": the selection of plants, scenery, the order of placement of stones, the prospects and volume of the aquarium ... but, in fact, they are all somehow connected with the fundamental" divine proportions "and the Fibonacci series.
About these, "less significant", but very important rules, I will definitely tell in the following articles.

Design aquarium 200 liters with a description and photo

Increasingly, most people around the world are beginning to get involved in aquarism. And this is not at all surprising, because thanks to this enthusiasm and the implementation of a few simple actions, you can create in your room a real corner of wildlife that will bring joy, and give a great mood to both its owner and his guests. And in today's article we will look at how to design an artificial reservoir for 200l.

Choosing an aquarium for 200 liters

As a rule, before you think about creating a magnificent and intriguing underwater world in your room, you must first decide on its shape. After all, it depends on her how well it will be harmoniously combined with the interior of the room. So, an aquarium of 200 liters can be:

  1. Angular. Perfect for office space. Due to its structure, these vessels allow you to build in them an incredible underwater harbor or coral lagoon, a photo of which is presented below.
  2. Wall mounted. Making such a method for quite a long time caused concern even among experienced aquarists. But today, this option is increasingly beginning to occur in both office and home spaces.
  3. Panoramic. Such vessels are distinguished by concave glass, which makes it possible to examine the events inside the aquarium in the smallest details.
  4. Rectangular. The standard version, which is perfect for keeping all kinds of fish, for example, such as discus, barbs, angelfish, gourami. In addition, this vessel allows you to embody any design of the underwater landscape. And this is not to mention its high quality and fairly affordable cost.

Also it is necessary to take into account that an artificial reservoir of 200 liters has an impressive weight. Therefore, it is advisable to purchase a special stand for it.

We select the design for the aquarium

First of all, I would like to note that the design of the aquarium should take into account not only the interior of the room, but also certain features of its inhabitants. So, discus prefer the presence of pebbles as a soil and the presence of small koryag. Others need dense vegetation and live rock. Therefore, we consider several ways to decorate a vessel designed for 200l.

Psevdomore design

This design is perfect for aquarists who want to recreate a piece of the sea landscape in their premises. In addition, the style of psevdomore is ideal for calm and peaceful fish. So what do you need to do it? First of all, a pleasant and calm background is selected in the aquarium of 200 liters. For this purpose, can come as a photo with corals, and drawings which depict water. After that, the turn comes to the choice of lighting.

For this purpose you can apply:

  • neon lamp;
  • cold light;
  • standard light bulb.

Important! Many inhabitants of an aquarium, for example, discus or guar, react differently to the intensity of light.

It is recommended to decorate the bottom with stones. Tuff stones are best for this style. You also can not forget about the indispensable attribute of such design as corals. Of course, you can use the design in the style of pseudo-sea and without stones, as shown in the photo, but then you can forget about creating such beautiful decorative designs as coral slides.

As for the fish, the predominantly peaceful and calm species are settled, as mentioned above. For example, discus, panaki, cichlids.

But before settling 200 liters of its future inhabitants into an aquarium, it is necessary to take into account the ratio equal to 7 liters per individual. This is necessary in order to avoid territorial overpopulation.

Design of a vessel with artificial vegetation

In most cases, this design, the photo of which can be seen below, is distinguished by non-standard decorative elements that bring brightness to the underwater world of the aquarium. So first of all, the advantages of this style include:

  1. High lifespan of used decorations.
  2. The possibility of keeping different types of fish, which in standard conditions would have caused irreparable damage to vegetation.
  3. Ease and simplicity in leaving.

So, first of all we add aquarium gravel. This choice is due to the fact that not only cichlids, but also other fish feel more comfortable in this soil. After that, artificial plants can be added, for example, a snag with imitation of Javanese moss. Next, decorate the back. For this purpose, large plants are perfect, forming the concept of the height of the vessel in the viewer, but without imposing depth of perception. Further, if you wish, you can again add some gravel to the sides of the vessel with the planting of plants of a red tint.

Subject design

This design allows you to maximize your imagination and translate any idea into reality. So, if you wish, you can create a fabulous glade, the gloomy castle of Count Dracula, or even a flooded Atlantis. Различные варианты декора можно увидеть на фото ниже.

Так, для этого стиля можно применять изделия из керамики, имитирующие как различные скульптурные произведения, так и макеты затонувших посудин. It is worth emphasizing that such decorative elements will not harm the rest of the inhabitants of the artificial reservoir, but on the contrary will serve as good shelters. For example, discus, in case of danger, will be able to hide their fry in them.

But It is worth noting that before creating such a design it is necessary to determine the size of the decorative elements of vegetation and, of course, the fish.

Biotope design

As a rule, discus, gourami, scalar and other types of fish feel most comfortable in artificial reservoirs with conditions that best fit their natural habitat. That is why decoration in this style is not only real art, but also vital for all inhabitants of the vessel. . But It is worth noting that in order to create such a design, you will have to work hard.

So, first of all, it is necessary to choose for it both vegetation and fish, which will feel comfortable in the reproducible landscape. For example, when planning a vessel in which the discus is located, it is necessary not only to constantly maintain the required temperature, but also not to forget about the presence of a large number of small branches and leaves at the bottom of the aquarium, among which the discus lives in its natural habitat.

Nuances of registration

In order to decorate an artificial reservoir passed as intended, you need to remember some simple design rules. So, it is not recommended to overload the aquarium with decor or to leave too much empty space. In addition, do not forget about the simplicity and ease of subsequent maintenance of the vessel. That is why the ideal option would be the use of collapsible structures. Also, if there are fish in an aquarium that love to dig into the ground, then it is forbidden to use large pebbles as it. The best choice would be to use sand or 1-3 mm. ground.

Psevdomore Aquarium: design

The beautiful seascapes and the bright underwater world of the seas and oceans are always exciting, they attract particular attention and encourage some aquarists to create marine artificial aquatic systems. However, a real marine aquarium is quite expensive in terms of price and content. That is why a special style of aquarism, pseudo-sea, has been created and is becoming increasingly popular in recent years.

Psevdomore Aquarium - an imitation of marine reality

First of all, it should be noted that this refers not to some separate aquariums, but to a whole direction or style in aquaristics, the main feature of which is the creation of the illusion of the marine aquatic environment with its living inhabitants and the corresponding decorations.

Why an illusion? Yes, because instead of real salty sea water there is fresh water in this system, respectively, the inhabitants of this akvadoma are freshwater. But thanks to special techniques one can achieve such a strong correspondence to the natural seascape that only specialists can calculate the illusion. The ordinary viewer of the pseudo-sea aquarium is unlikely to be distinguished from the real sea.

Maintaining a true marine aquarium is not easy: you need to maintain the normal parameters of sea water. It is necessary to ensure the growth and existence of corals, to fulfill the necessary requirements for the maintenance of marine fish and vegetation.

Psevdomore free from all these conditions. This style allows you to create and diversify the internal content of the aquarium according to your own imagination. But some general rules for the design of pseudo-sea aquasystems developed empirically are still available.

General recommendations

Psevdomorskogo aquarium can be implemented in two versions: in cold colors or in a warm tropical style. The choice of one or another option depends on the situation, the interior of the room.

The sea is well suited, for example, for a room dominated by blue and red tones. This may be a children's room, a living room, not cluttered with furniture, or even a large bathroom. In a room furnished with massive brown (classic) furniture, the maritime theme is unlikely to fit.

If you need to create a pseudo-house in an office, then you should not install it in the office of the head: such a noticeable detail of the interior does not correspond to the business style and in a sense distracts visitors or subordinates. But in the reception or in the general hall of the company the seascape will be more appropriate, since it will create a benevolent emotional background.

There are no special requirements for the pseudo-sea form: it can be round or oval, rectangular or in the form of a prism, flat or three-dimensional.

But experts advise banks to choose a larger capacity, from 100 liters and more. This is due to several circumstances.

  • Firstly, African cichlids are very often placed in a pseudo-sea aquarium (because of their bright color), they need their own section of the underwater territory.
  • And secondly, the seascape provides for the presence of coral scenery, the size of which is far from small. However, in the aquarium there is an experience of organizing an aquarium-pseudomorie of small volume.

Lighting features

In contrast to the usual aquarium, where lighting serves mainly for the life of the plants, the light in the pseudo-sea plays an exclusively decorative role.

They try to make the lighting system so that the interior decorations look in the most advantageous perspective. That is why the main lamp is installed closer to the front glass panel.

There are no exact recommendations on the type of lamps, here each person chooses his own version, but in this particular case, fluorescent lamps that give cold light are more suitable. As an option: imported lamp Power-Glo, Hagen LifeGlo, Sylvania Coralstar or Marine-Glo, which are designed for both the sea and for ordinary aquariums.

Currently, there are special lights on sale exclusively for saltwater aquariums with an appropriate emission spectrum.

Psevdomorskogo aquarium looks much more spectacular when using halogen lamps that give directional light. Some additionally also install a neon lamp, using which white elements of the decor (corals, for example) become visually whiter.

As a rule, two fixtures located at the front panel and above the center are quite enough for a pseudo-sea. Lighting should not be too intense to prevent the development of algae and overgrowing walls. Some experienced owners of such an aquarium are generally advised to turn on the light for no longer than 5-6 hours per day.

Psevdomore: clearance

Perhaps this is the basis of aquariums of this type.

Background. The first thing to think about is the background that decorates the back wall (photographic film, photo wallpaper). As a rule, it is chosen in blue. Of course, there are various variations - sea water with corals, sea fish, algae, scenes of underwater life, etc. Do not overload the background too much, because the main thing is the interior decoration in combination with fish.

As a primer most often used natural marble chips, there are options for using artificial colored ground (glass beads, for example). But such a commercial substitute for natural soil has more disadvantages than advantages: most often it is toxic and does not perform the functions of biofiltration of aquarium water, since the bacteria do not settle in it. So, experts advise: or marble crumb, or sand of a large fraction.

Scenery Pseudomorie are most often large sea shells, corals (natural or artificial), large stones, stone grottoes, caves, terraces. This does not mean, however, that the inner space needs to be cluttered. On the contrary, the overall composition should emphasize the central element around which the details are concentrated.

Plants. As a rule, in pseudo-sea aquariums there is no natural aquatic vegetation. Its decorative functions are performed by synthetic artificial plants, which are now produced by many companies specializing in aquarium accessories. For example, the German company Hagen produces original plastic plants specifically for marine aquatic systems, as well as simulators of corals and shells made of synthetic material - stadon.

What kind of fish is better to have?

In such cases, African cichlids are the most frequent. A logical question: why these cichlids? The fact is that the natural habitat of these fish is water with an alkaline pH balance, and in the Pseudo-sea fish house there is a similar balance created by the limestone corals and shells there.

Red atherins, mollies, swordtails also feel well in such an aquatic environment. Beautiful haplokhromis cornflower is the best fit for a pseudo-sea environment with a black background and bright lighting.

Simply put, give birth to such fish, which are well tolerated hard, slightly alkaline water. Of course, the brighter the color of living creatures, the better.


The technical equipment of such a system is identical to a conventional aquarium: aqua-filter, aerator, thermometer and other auxiliary equipment. But it should be borne in mind that natural vegetation does not participate in the processes occurring in the pseudo-sea. Therefore, it is necessary to install a powerful filter with all types and degrees of water purification - mechanical, biological, chemical.

The lack of natural vegetation can adversely affect the condition of the soil, so this substrate should be siphoned more often. From time to time should be cleared from the slightest hint of green algae and all the elements of decor.

Do not forget about water changes. This operation should be carried out weekly, replacing 15-20% of the total.

Psevdomore: photo - some tips

Photographing a do-it-yourself pseudo-aquarium and sharing pictures with friends and colleagues is a natural desire. In order for photos to turn out to be of high quality and rich in color, you need to know a few simple rules and recommendations.

The aquarium is a fixed thing, it will not run away. Therefore, do not rush to remove it, you should carefully prepare, carefully look at the pseudo-sea through the display of the camera.

First of all, it is useful to clean the front wall of green algae, adherent organic particles. Thus, the purity of the glass should be close to perfect, otherwise the image will glare.

The same thing happens if you take pictures with flash. It is better to shoot when the ambient light is off or muted with maximum use of aquarium lighting. If there are light home furnishings near the aquarium, then it is desirable to drape them with some dark material.

The conclusion suggests itself: it is better to take pictures of a pseudo-sea aquarium in the dark. And indeed it is.

Of course, the beauty and attractiveness of the Pseudomore cannot be compared with a real marine reef aquarium. However, attempts to recreate the natural seascape can lead to a brilliant result.

Video from professional aquarists: how to make a pseudo-sea.