Aquarium

Fish clown photo in aquarium

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Breeding botsy-clowns.

Botsiya clown content and description

This is a very beautiful, big fish. The bodies of the clown’s combat are stretched out and compressed from the sides. The mouth is pointing down and has four pairs of whiskers. The clown's combat also has thorns, which are located under the eyes and serve to protect against predatory fish. Botsia exposes them at the moment of danger, which can be a problem during the catch, as they cling to the net. It is better to use a plastic container.
It is reported that in nature battles clowns grow to 40 cm, but in the aquarium they are smaller, about 20-25 cm. They are long-lived, under good conditions, they can live up to 20 years.

The graceful clown combat has a bright yellow-orange body color with three wide black stripes, for which in English it was called the Tiger Loach. One band goes through the eyes, the second directly in front of the dorsal fin, and the third captures part of the dorsal fin and goes further behind it. All together, they form a very beautiful and exciting look coloring. True, the clown fight is most brightly colored at a young age, and as it grows it turns pale, but does not lose its beauty.

Aquarium content and behavior

Macrakants spend most of their time at the bottom, but they can also go up into the middle layers, especially when they are used to the aquarium and are not scared. Since they grow large enough, and they need to be kept in a flock, the aquarium is also needed for large clowns, with a capacity of 250 liters or more. The minimum amount that needs to be kept in an aquarium is 3. But better is more, because in nature they live in very large flocks. Accordingly, for a flock of 5 fish, you need an aquarium capacity of about 400.

Feel best in soft water (5 - 12 dGH) with ph: 6.0-6.5 and water temperature 24-30 ° C. Also in the aquarium should be a lot of secluded corners and shelters, so that the fish could take refuge in fright or conflict. The soil is better soft - sand or small gravel.

Never start a macracant in a newly installed aquarium. In such an aquarium, the parameters of the water change too much, and clowns need stability. They love the flow, and a large amount of dissolved oxygen in the water. It is desirable for this to use a fairly powerful external filter, through which to create a flow is quite simple.

It is important to regularly replace the water and monitor the amount of ammonia and nitrates, since the fighting has very small scales, poisoning occurs very quickly. Good jump, you need to cover the aquarium.
The type of aquarium does not matter and completely depends on your taste. If you want to create a biotope, then it is better to lay sand or small gravel at the bottom, since clowns can have very sensitive mustaches that can be easily wounded. You can use large stones and large snags, where the fighting can hide. They are very fond of shelters in which you can barely squeeze, the best is for this ceramic and plastic pipes. Sometimes they can dig for themselves caves under the snags or stones,

clown fight

make sure that they do not bring anything down. Floating plants can be placed on the surface of the water, which will create more diffused light.

Beats clowns may be doing strange things. Not many people know that they are sleeping on their side, or even upside down, and when they see it, they think that the fish have already died. However, it is quite normal for them. As well as the fact that at one moment the fight can disappear, so that in time to get out of some already completely unimaginable gap.

Breeding botsy-clowns.

Breeding botsy-clowns. Dilute botsy all kinds of extremely difficult. I do not have my own experience of breeding these fish, therefore I will give an excerpt from A. Serdyukov’s article below (Aquarium 1/1993).

"Spawning should be large, especially for large species. Water parameters for producers' content: hardness - 15 °, pH 6.5-7.2, temperature 24-26 ° C. High-quality water purification is required. For spawning old water is used with a slight addition of fresh (1 (5-1 / 6 of volume), its hardness is 5-6 °, pH 6.8-7.0, temperature 30-32 ° С.

A prerequisite is a strong current, for the creation of which it is best to use a spinner device. Usually, electric motors are used for this purpose, preferably with a gearbox. Four blades are installed on the motor shaft, all of which are covered with a Plexiglas, Viniplast or tinned wire mesh casing. To work with such a "turntable", it is necessary to slightly modernize or re-manufacture the spawning gear (the corners must have Plexiglas inserts so that the water flow does not lose its energy in the dead zones).

It is impossible to use mechanical pumps and air-lifts, because the roe of cavities, like the roe of the labo and the hirinoheylus, is constantly in the water column and is carried by the flow from place to place.
As a spawning substrate, you can use smooth Kamyts i.poryagi. which set on the most flowing place. The intensity of spawning is directly dependent on the power of the current.

There should be 3-4 males per female. Hormonal injections are performed by the fractional method.

At the end of the spawning season, the producers are planted, the "turntable" is turned off and additional air diffusers are installed. At a temperature of 29-31 ° C, after 2-3 hours, the fertilized spawn can be determined transparent. Unfertilised, white, caviar must be removed (or good caviar must be transferred to another place).

Incubation lasts from 18 to 20 hours. The larvae that hatch are extremely small and concentrate in the darkest places. On the fourth day, the fry begin to eat. At this time, they need to be fed with the smallest species of rotifers, cyclops nauplii in combination with eugenic green.

In the life of fry Botsiya clown the most critical time is the first month. Therefore, it is necessary to strictly monitor the quality of water and feed. By the end of the month, large fry fry reach lengths of 13-17 millimeters, small ones - 7-10 and begin to accept the coloring of parents. "

According to A.Kochetov, the nominative form of B.macracantha, due to the uneven growth rate, matures after five years, reaching a length of at least 12 cm. The color of males in the mating season becomes bronze-yellow with a smoky patina and non-contrast anthracite stripes. Females are noticeably rounded (they have a slight bulge in the abdomen) and acquire a bright egg-yellow color with moire-black transverse stripes.

There is information about the breeding of Botsiya clown in the club Nautilus. In addition to the traditional form, there were four copies of the giant (from 20 to 28 cm) high-caliber race from the Mekong River. The fish were unusual in appearance: the strips had an additional double-sided gold trim. The age of simple bots varied from 3 to 6 years; giant - approached 8 years. Since 1993, the club has repeatedly engaged in the stimulation of producers, but without success: either the females gave bad eggs, the males did not flow and were passive, or they could not synchronize the maturation of the producers.

Botsiya clown photo

Behavior and Compatibility not very aggressive, but you should not keep them with small fish, because the latter will be subjected to stress from too active fighting behavior. It is better not to move the slow-moving species of fish with voile fins, for example, cockerels / guppies, as well as many cichlids, because the fighting can bite off the tail fins. More suitable neighbors are peaceful, carping carp, many of which are sympatric with the genus Chromobotia in nature and are commercially available. As for the other inhabitants of the bottom, Chromobotia macracanthus get along well with most types of fights and some other loachworms. Also suitable are representatives of such species as Epalzeorhynchos, Crossocheilus and Garraand. Representatives of the species Chromobotia macracanthus are schooling, form a complex social hierarchy and should be contained in groups of 5-6 copies, preferably 10 or more. When kept alone, individuals become aggressive towards fish of similar size, and, being planted in the amount of two or three, the dominant individual will attack others, preventing them from feeding. These fish need constant contact with their relatives.

Sexual dimorphism. Distinguishing between male and female clown battles In nature, adult fighting clowns reach a length of 20-30 cm, after which growth progressively decreases. There is information about the detection of copies under 40 cm, which is quite possible, but time consuming. As a rule, in aquarium conditions, the length of the fish is shorter, which is affected by the volume of the tank. Sexual dimorphism in fish is weak. Mature males are more graceful than larger females, whose abdomen is fuller. Some theories suggest that males have a more deeply forked tail fin, but this fact has not been proven.

read also mollies

Botsiya clown: maintenance and care

For lovers of aquarium fish of different breeds, the purchase of a clown fish is becoming increasingly important every day. It is bought not only in Russia, but also in other countries. She has a bright, original, unusual motley color and a peace-loving character. It is also worth noting a rather long lifespan.

But there is a nuance - this is an unusual price. Botsiya clown is quite expensive. And if you consider that she is not interested in living in proud solitude and will have to buy several such individuals, the price will be quite high. But it is clear that she will please her master for a long time, and this justifies the price.

Appearance

This species takes its roots from the islands of Indonesia. Botsia originally lived in rivers. This habitat is more comfortable for her. Recently, this species is bred on specialized farms in Asia.

Botsiya clown has a very attractive and original appearance. The body is bright yellow-orange, while decorated with black stripes. It has six fins, one of them is black on the back, the other lower ones are red. A curved little mouth and a number of funny mustaches.

This representative of the aquarium world has one interesting feature - the presence of special spikes, which are located under the eyes. When the fish is nervous, they appear. In a calm state, the spikes are hidden under the skin. You can observe this process, as a rule, in the evening or when trying to catch it from the aquarium.

The size of an individual kept at home does not exceed 27 cm. At will, it reaches a length of about 50 cm.

Conditions of detention and care

This type requires quite complex care. For comfortable living they need a spacious, long aquarium, about 200 liters in volume with dim lighting. Poor living conditions can be the cause of death or persistent disease.

It is necessary to replace the water in time, while the latter should be undoubtedly soft and warm. The ideal water temperature is 27 degrees Celsius.

Space is necessary for comfortable living of the battle, therefore it is not recommended to settle it to a large number of other inhabitants of the underwater kingdom. But in solitude to contain it will not work.

To equip the aquarium preferably artificial plants. Real vegetation it will quickly destroy. Since the battle likes to eat greens, then soon all living plants will be bitten to swim on the surface of the water.

But the combination of small and large parts, such as snags, smooth stones and other furnishings, are welcome. She will use them as shelter.

Botsiya peaceful and very mobile. Therefore, he can live peacefully with his relatives, but problems may arise with other types of fish. Its mobility can cause stress in residents with a calmer nature. Guppies, cichlids, roosters and other species with a veil fin structure are definitely not suitable for living together. But carp-shaped species can become ideal neighbors.

The beats live long enough. In some cases, their age reaches 20-22 years. For a long and comfortable life you need a varied diet. Representatives of the family of convolvulaceae, as a rule, like to dig in the soil, respectively, the best choice would be worms or other types of invertebrates. The alternative can be live, frozen bloodworm, shredded shrimp, mosquito larvae. If suddenly the color of the fish has become less bright, this is a sure sign that it is time to change the diet.


Breeding

The reproduction of this type is quite complicated. Few can create this process at home. For breeding requires the following nuances:

  • temperature (up to 28 ° С), chemical composition of water (pH 6.0);
  • pure water;
  • sandy ground;
  • intensive movement of water rich in oxygen;
  • the presence of smooth, medium-sized stones;
  • additional variety of snags (they should be in the thick of the flow).

After spawning, the fish is transplanted into warmer water (approximately 32 degrees).

The hatched fry begin to eat at the end of the third day. The most difficult period in the life of fry is the first month.

Thus, it turns out that once you spend a significant amount on a school of this type of fish, you can enjoy their beauty and activity for a long time. The main thing - the right care, and they will live happily ever after. Do not forget to change the water in time, maintain the required temperature, select the right neighborhood, feed a balanced diet - these are the basic conditions for good development. If you creatively and responsibly approach their content, then the fish will delight the eye with their beauty for many years, lift their spirits and create comfort in the house.

Video about the maintenance and care of the fish clown battion:

Clown fish or macracant

Aquarium fish fighting clowns (lat. Chromobotia macracanthus, or fighting macracant) - beautiful fish vynumkovye detachment. Popular due to the bright color, unpretentious content and relatively peaceful temper. The nature of these fish is distinguished by a pronounced individualism.

Care for bindweed clown combat requires a large space for movement - a large aquarium will be just right for an adult individual measuring 16-20 centimeters in length. Compatibility is possible with representatives of bindweed fish, they love to eat aquarium plants and snails. During the day, clown combat can destroy a whole brood of mollusks. This convolvuli fish goes out in search of food at night and hides during the day. Although accustomed to people, not afraid to show up in the daytime. Unlike other battles, clown battles love representatives of their own species, rarely enter into conflicts with them.

Habitat

On the island of Sumatra, in the cities of Quantan and Palembang, the first specimens of macracants for aquariums were presented. Perhaps the first catch occurred in the Musi River, and the second in the Indragiri River in the province of Riau. Populations found in these places differ in their genetic structure: morphological and behavioral properties. It is possible that several more species of these convolvates will soon be discovered.

For the first time the clown fish received a detailed description by the scientist Blekker in the 1950s. Its homeland is the countries of Southeast Asia, biotopes in freshwater rivers, lakes, canals, where there is still water and a slow current. There are rice fields, dense vegetation, diffused light and peace. In 2004, the scientist M. Kottelat took the batons to a separate species.

In nature, it lives in flocks, during spawning, it moves from the river to another place, often to flooded plains. Botsiya clown can live in water with different levels of pollution - and in the clean and dirty. The main ration of food is insect larvae, insects themselves and plants.

Some sources indicate that the clown's combat reaches the size of 20-40 cm, mostly from natural habitat. Aquarium conditions, where quality care and maintenance, and diseases do not happen, allow the fish to live up to 20 years. In Asian countries (Indonesia, Laos) is of industrial importance, is a local delicacy.

Look at the big fights clown.

External characteristics

Aquarium fish, if they are well fed, become large and beautiful. Body clown fighting oblong, flattened on the sides. Mouth low, on it 8 antennae. Botsiya clown has protective spikes under the eyes, when attacking predatory fish, they appear and cling to the skin of the attacker. When catching fish, this causes problems, spikes cling to the strands of the net.

The fighting body is yellow-orange, on which there are three broad dark stripes resembling the color of a tiger. The first strip passes through the axis of the eyes, the second - in front of the dorsal fin on the side, the third is in the region of the dorsal fin and further. It turns out an extraordinary, variegated color. With age, the fish turns pale, if the care of her wrong, can cause skin diseases.

If you take care of your pet permanently, the clown’s maintenance will not be so difficult. She is not advised to buy novice lovers. Such pets require constant attention, constant parameters of the aquatic environment, no stress. The scales of the fights are thin, small, which carries a potential health hazard - fish diseases require serious treatment.

How to feed

You can feed a macracant in an aquarium with live, frozen and artificial food, although in the wild it eats worms, insect larvae, beetles and plants. Delicacy - sinking pills falling to the bottom. То есть, кормить можно качественным кормом, который есть в зоомагазине, важно разнообразие рациона для поддержания здоровья. Когда боция довольствуется трапезой, она издает звуки, напоминающие щелчки, это сигнал, что пища ей по вкусу.

Макраканта охотно поедает улиток - если вы уже не знаете, как от них избавиться, то боция в помощь - быстро съесть всех.

The most negative quality of a fish is love for aquarium plants, it eats even hard-leaved species. Eating plant foods will save aquatic plants. They love zucchini, cucumbers, lettuce. The proportions of live-vegetable food 60:40.

Conditions in the aquarium and the nature

Macracantas lie a lot at the bottom of the house, often on their side or on the back, which may seem as if she had died. In fact, the fish is resting. If accustomed to the owners - in the afternoon actively swim in the aquarium, reaching the middle layers of water. Since bots prefer a large company, the reservoir should be appropriate - at least 250-300 liters. Keep a minimum of 3-5 fish in the nursery, otherwise the fish will rarely appear in sight. A 400-liter aquarium is suitable for a flock of 5 individuals.

Soft water with a temperature of 25-30 degrees and a hardness of 5-12o, with an acidity of 6.0-6.5, pH is an ideal place to live. Create in the container a lot of places for shelter in order to avoid stress and conflicts between fish. The soil is soft, fine gravel or sand. Macracantum is not suitable for a new, just-launched aquarium. Clowns require stability conditions, changeable environment will destroy their health. Feel great in the water with an undercurrent, where there is enough dissolved oxygen. The filtering is powerful, the external filter can create such an effect.

Regular water changes, fish are sensitive to impurities of nitrates and ammonia, due to small scales prone to poisoning. To avoid jumping from the nursery, it is better to cover it with a lid.

The aquarium can resemble a natural biotope, or is decorated at your discretion. To decorate the biotope, it is necessary to put shallow soil on the bottom so that pets do not damage the mouth and antennae. Shelters - caverns, stones and large snags. Surprisingly, the fighting adore hiding in hard-to-reach places - sometimes they are completely invisible, and sometimes they hide somewhere on the side of the gorge, where you can hardly see it. Macracants are not averse to dig themselves a cave in the sand, where there are a lot of stones and logs. In general, such underwater builders. Create the effect of diffused light will help floating plants.

You will not notice right away, but clowns tend to do unusual things - everyone knows that they are sleeping on their side, or resting in a position on their side, or on their backs. It may seem that the fish went missing or died, and after a few days it is again in place, or lies in a relaxing posture.

See how a clown fight sleeps.

Macracant is not a small but active creature gnawing long fins. Compatibility with small fish is bad. Let her company be the same clowns, preferably more than 5 adult individuals. A special hierarchy will be established in the pack, and over time, the dominant male will no longer allow the weaker to eat. Carefully ensure that some fish get their own portion, taking care of each fish is very important.

Breeding

The male and female macracants have differences, maybe at first glance they are barely noticeable. It is important to know that sexually mature females have a rounded abdomen and a full body. The male may differ tail fin, it is slightly pointed shape than the female.

For the clown's battles there is practically no opportunity to have offspring within the spawning ground. In principle, there were no reports of reproduction in the aquarium. If the eggs come out of the female, then unfertilized. Sold fish are bred in South Asian farms, where they are added gonadotropic drugs. In the domestic environment, such a drug is not available, so house breeding is impossible.

In captivity, the cultivation of batts is problematic due to difficulties in the reproductive cycle of fish. Sometimes the maturity of fish is not noticeable, or it is not ready to reproduce offspring. In rivers, fish migrate to the plains to spawn. The pet's age can be difficult to determine, these mysterious macracants.

It breeds best in the wild, even in captivity there are a number of breeding problems. Very often, farmers simply fry from the river and grow it. Those fish that live in home aquariums - children of nature.

Diseases and treatments

The most common disease of clowns - the so-called "semolina". It looks like white dots along the fins and torso. If you do not start timely treatment, the fish will deteriorate and die from exhaustion. Macracanthus have small scales, so diseases of this nature are common. Treatment involves raising the temperature in the tank to 30-31 degrees, and the introduction of therapeutic drugs into the water. Some strains of decoys are drug resistant.

After acquiring a fish, it must be planted separately from everyone for a weekly quarantine. Healthy fish or not, not always noticeable. Quarantine is also required during illness.

Another harmful disease is ichic, or a small rash, sores. Sometimes the rash is noticeable, but not always. The fish is transferred to a separate aquarium and treated with Baktopur or Kostapur. The running form of the rash has been treated for a long time. Symptoms of ichthyosis, in addition to the rash, are lethargy and slowness of fish.

Amphiprion-aquarium fish clown.

Content

There are no particular difficulties in caring for amphipriones, you just need to follow some specific rules, not too different from the content of other varieties of fish.

Artificial sea water in an aquarium should have a density of about 1.02, with about 34 grams of salt per liter of fluid. Due to the fact that this species of fish in natural conditions lives in tropical seas, where the water is warm enough, the temperature in the aquarium requires at least 26 and not more than 31 ° C.

Cleanliness in the aquarium is maintained by a biological filter, and periodically organic particles can accumulate on the surface of the soil, which should be removed with a siphon. The most suitable soil for amphipriones is coral sand, the particle size of which should be from 3 to 6 mm. The size of the sand layer is recommended 8 - 9 mm.

The fish need to replace every week a part of the water in the aquarium - about 25%. Care should be taken to ensure that the chemical composition of fresh water does not differ.

Amphiprion - clown fish!

Feeding

Clowns are not at all capricious in terms of nutrition. It is necessary to feed them several times a day, giving food in small portions. Due to the fact that all the remnants of the meal of the fish get anemone, waste from these inhabitants of the aquarium is minimal. Therefore, unlike other representatives of the underwater world that live near coral reefs, amphipriones are suitable for not too expensive and quite simple equipment for water purification.

Clowns feed on all the traditional food that can be found in pet stores. A special treat for them is frozen food. In connection with the fastidiousness of such inhabitants, they feed on almost everything that fits in the mouth.

The most famous types of amphipriones:

  • Pied Amphipone
  • Orange Amphiprion
  • Tomato clown
  • Moorish clown
  • Clown pink
  • Red and black clown

Classification

The entire genus of amphiprions has about 25 species, but no more than 10 of them are possible to be kept in a home aquarium. This is due to the fact that some fish live either in places that are too difficult to catch or their fishing is generally prohibited.

The most common species in captivity are:

- clarkii - chocolate fish, the most common among the entire genus. The color of her body ranges from a dark yellow to almost black. She has a slightly elongated body, a small mouth and small teeth;

- ocellaris - a representative of this particular type is the main character of the cartoon about Nemo fish. With all his pretty appearance, he is quite aggressive. Their belligerence, agility and self-confidence is simply amazing, and it is explained by the fact that the small fish can hide among the tentacles of anemone at the slightest danger, becoming inaccessible;

- melanopus - they are very similar to some other species. The main difference of this species is the pelvic fins, completely painted black. Representatives of this species are not recommended to be kept together with other species of amphipriones;

Amphiprion - clown fish!

- perideraion - a characteristic feature of a pink clown is a light strip running along the back of the fish. There are less common than other species of the genus Amphiprione. The fish is not as bright as some other representatives of this genus, but, nevertheless, it is fairly easy to contain.

Appearance of amphipriones

Clown fish are distinguished not only by their bright color, but also by their body shape. They have a short back, a flattened body (from the sides). These fishes have one dorsal fin, divided by a peculiar hollow into two parts. One of the parts (the one closer to the head) has thorny spikes, and the other, on the contrary, is very soft.

The body length of amphipriones can vary from 15 to 20 centimeters. On the skin of these fish a lot of mucus, it protects them from stinging cells of anemones, among which clown fish spend quite a lot of time. The skin of amphipriones has a contrasting color, always bright colors, with a predominance of: yellow, blue, white, orange colors.

Reproduction of amphipriones

An unusual phenomenon associated with sexual transformation, is present in the life of each amphiprion. The fact is that each clown fish is born a male. And only reaching a certain age and size, the male individual turns into a female. However, in natural habitat, the amphiprion group has only one female - the main one, it in a special way (at the physical and hormonal level) suppresses the transformation of males into females.

During the breeding season, amphipriones lay up to several thousand eggs. Caviar is deposited on flat stones in close proximity to the thickets of actinium. The maturation of future fry lasts about 10 days.

Amphiprion - clown fish!

Compatibility

The best neighbors for clowns are peaceful fish that do not show aggression. These include gobies, butterfly fish, doggy, chromis, cardinals and others.

A variety of carnivorous fish, such as triggerfish, eels, lionfish or groupers, can pose a danger to amphiprions, therefore it is highly recommended not to contain amphipyones with such inhabitants.

FEATURES OF THE DEVICE

Previously, scientists believed that clown fish and other members of this family simply have innate immunity to poison, which is distinguished by the tentacles of anemones. But studies have shown that such immunity is specifically produced and retained only for one particular type of actinium. When a fish approaches a tentacle of a polyp for the first time, it gently touches them and immediately swims away. This process is repeated several times. During such a "training", the body of the fish is covered with a layer of sticky mucus, becoming insensitive to its stinging cells. When, therefore, the fish gets used to one anemone, it does not burn, swimming among the tentacles. On the contrary, it tries to get lost every time about them. But if the fish is among the tentacles of another type of anemones, then it can immediately die.

Clownfish - description and photos.

All fry clown fish born males, but during the life of a fish changes its sex, if the female of the pair died. It is characteristic that the males are much smaller than the females, the head is short, the body is oblate from the sides, the back is high. The upper fin is divided, its front part is with spiny spines, and the back fin is soft. It is this distinction that visually separates the dorsal fin, and in appearance it seems that there are two of them. In food, clown fish is unpretentious, mostly microscopic algae and small crustaceans are food for amphitrion. Clown fish live in flocks, at the head of which is always the old and large female. During the period of spawning, the fish lays from a few hundred to a thousand eggs on flat stones, next to the neighbor actinia. Caviar ripening occurs over 10 days. While the fry develop, the clown fish courageously guards them.

Aquarium clownfish.

Clown fish is quite popular with aquarists because of its bright color and interesting behavior: you can watch them for hours, losing track of time. Another huge plus in the content of clown fish in an aquarium is their unpretentiousness in comparison with other coral-looking fish. But even this seemingly cute little fish has a minus - in captivity, the clown fish becomes quite aggressive. And this should be taken into account when sharing it with other fish in the aquarium. The color of aquarium fish exactly repeats the natural, large black stripes alternate with red or orange and white. The fins have a black border, and the iris around the eyes is bright orange. The only difference: the stripes can have a different shape.

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Clown

The marine underwater world, even if it is behind the glass of an ordinary aquarium, invariably attracts with its beauty and incomprehensibility. The glass sphere with graceful fishes, grottoes and algae very soon becomes a decoration of the house. And among its inhabitants there is often a clown fish (Amphiprion percula). This restless individual glorified the famous Disney cartoon about Captain Nemo. Since then, the motley creation has become a popular inhabitant of home aquariums.

Appearance and habitat features

Homeland clown fish - coastal coral reefs of the Indian and Pacific Oceans. The contrasting coloring of amphipriones immediately catches the eye - orange, white and black stripes stretch all over his body. The fins are edged with a black border, the body is flattened, the head is short. On the back there is a fin, divided into two parts.

Clown

Interestingly, the sea clown fish creates a mutually beneficial symbiosis with poisonous sea anemones (actinia). In nature, bright fish serve as bait for a predator. Chasing a chase, he becomes a victim of anemone. Remains of food goes to clowns.
Among the tentacles of the sea anemone, the aquarium clown fish feels safe. If the anemone in the aquarium is small, strong individuals displace the weak beyond the limits of habitat. But in the presence of grottoes and other shelters, you can do without anemones.

Keeping and feeding fish

Clownfish lives in saltwater saltwater aquariums. The parameters of the aquatic environment are as follows:

  • Temperature from +25 to +27 degrees.
  • Acidity 8 - 8.4, determined by pH meter.
  • Density 1,020 - 1,025, measured by a hydrometer.

Lighting should be sufficient. Water is replaced twice a month by 20%. Clowns are unpretentious in the fish food - they can be given shrimp, fish, squid, bottom algae, dry flakes and pellets. Feed the pack 2-3 times a day. An interesting feature of clown fish is that they constantly grumble, click, make slamming sounds.

Breeding

All amphipriones are born males, but can change sex. In each group there is a dominant pair consisting of two large individuals engaged in reproduction. If the female dies, the male changes the sex and looks for another pair. By the way, the clown fish can control not only the change of sex, but also its own growth. In order not to undergo aggression from the dominant male, other individuals restrain their growth. But if the male clown in the aquarium gets sick or died, the contenders for the post of leader grow right before their eyes.

The female spawns among anemones. If not, spawning occurs in a grotto, a clay amphora, or under a rock. Parents vigilantly guard the place of laying. Hatching begins after 8-10 days. Fry should be deposited from the general aquarium. Temporary isolation does not affect their growth and development.

Beginners aquarists choose to breed just clowns. These bright funny fish bring their owner a lot of joyful minutes.

Such an unusual and bright clown

Many of us are unusually strongly attracted to the underwater world. And even if we face only a small particle in the form of an ordinary aquarium, it still looks beautiful and incomprehensible. A glass vessel in which graceful fish freely move, in which there are small grottoes, snags, and algae, very quickly begins to be perceived as a decoration of the whole house. And often among the inhabitants of the aquarium can be found fish-clown.

Surely, most aquarium clowns are familiar from the well-known cartoon "Finding Nemo". And it should be noted that it was this Disney piece that gave impetus to a new surge in popularity of this amazing fish.

general description

In general, the clownfish lives in the Pacific and Indian oceans, in their coastal coral reefs. Clowns have a very bright and attractive color for us: the whole body is decorated with orange, white, black stripes. The clown also has fins edged with a black border, a rather dense body and a short head. The back is surmounted by a fin, divided into 2 parts.

Clowns have one interesting feature. The fact is that constantly these fish make clicking sounds, they seem to grumble.

It is noteworthy that in its natural habitat, this fish “cooperates” very well with sea anemone - poisonous sea anemones. What is the "joint activity"? A bright clown attracts predators and lures them to sea anemone, and then becomes content with food debris.

Since sea anemones give clowns a sense of security, anemones are usually settled in an aquarium. With a small number of them, the fish that are stronger are beginning to crowd out the weak. Впрочем, содержание данной рыбки возможно и без актиний: если в аквариуме есть гроты и иные укрытия. Поговорим подробнее о том, как обеспечить в домашних условиях правильное содержание клоуна.

Правильный уход

Расположенная в аквариуме рыбка-клоун нуждается в особом уходе. Note the main points:

  • First of all, aquarium fish accept exceptionally good water quality. The clown cannot tolerate elevated nitrite levels;
  • it is important to consult with a specialist before settling in an aquarium of such a fish. The fact is that certain species in the conditions of the aquarium begin to show aggression due to space limitations;
  • It is desirable to settle in the aquarium a pair, and already established. Then they will most likely multiply. The content of these inhabitants also implies their cohabitation with non-aggressive neighbors;
  • in an aquarium that does not exceed 100 liters, it is undesirable to place more than 2 fish.

In addition to the above, it is also important to pay attention to the basic parameters that must be observed in the aquarium:

  • optimum temperature is about 25-27 degrees above zero;
  • acidity should be in the range of 8-8,4;
  • and the density is 1,020-1,025.

In addition, aquarium clowns require sufficient lighting. Replacing the water in the aquarium is carried out at 20% twice a month.

The clown is completely unpretentious in food that allows you to feed it with shrimp, squid, fish, as well as algae, dry flakes and granules. A flock is fed 2 or 3 times a day.

Breeding issues

All clowns at birth are males, just afterwards they can change their gender. This is very entertaining: each group of fish has its dominant pair. This pair - two large fish that are engaged in reproduction. And if the female suddenly dies, the male will simply change the floor and find another pair.

A female clown spawn lays among the anemones. In their absence in the aquarium (or in the ocean, if we talk about the natural environment) spawning occurs under a rock or in a grotto. It should be noted that parents very much cherish the place of laying eggs. After about 8-10 days hatching begins. Aquarium fry should be removed from the common aquarium for a while. This can be done calmly, as this procedure has no effect on the growth and development of the fish.

Here is such an unusual aquarium fish, considered by us. It should be noted that clowns are often chosen by aquarists precisely because they are interesting and entertaining. You might also like these fish.

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